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About Oregon City enterprise. (Oregon City, Or.) 1871-188? | View Entire Issue (July 23, 1875)
OBEGoFaTMREGOX Jl'LY 3S, 1S7.
Democratic State Convention.
A Democratic; State Convention for
the ytate of Oregon is hereby called by
tho Democratic State Central Commit
tee, convened at Portland on the 24th
dav of Juno, 1$73, to meet at tho city of
Salem, Oregon, on
Thursday, July JBOth, 1875,
at II o'clock A.br., for tho purpose of
nominating a 'candidate for Represen
tative in Congress, be voted for at the
special election; to be held October 24th,
The apportionment of members of
said Convention among the counties is
based upon the Democratic vote cast for
the late J Ion. Geo. A. La Dow for Con
gress in lt74, allowing one vote to each
county and one to each one hundred
votes, or fraction over fifty votes so cast.
The several counties of the State will
be entitled to delegates is said .Conven
tion as follows
Josephine . . .
The Committee having no means of
knowing tho number of votes cast in
that part of Xiekson county recently
created into Like, it is expected the
two counties w.dl so arrange the repre
sentation as to make it just between
them and each have its proper number.
It is suggested by tiie Committee that
the several counties hold their Primary
Conventions on Saturday, July 17th, at
1 o'clock i m., and their County Con
ventions on W ednesday, July 21st, at
the same hour. In those counties where
these appointments do not meet the
convenience of the Democracy, it is ex
pected that they will make the neces
sary changes through their County
Committee. C. D. JiELLIXGEIt,
Chairman pro. tern.
A. Nor.TNKit, Secretary.
A Question of Justice.
The Pendleton Tribune canvasses
tho claims and availability of various
supposed or possible candidates for
Congress, in tho Democratic party,
and concludes that Hon. J. II. Slater
i3 the man that should be nominated.
If a Democrat is to go, and the ques
tion of the back-salary business is to
be left out of sight, we see no reason
why Slater is not about a3 good as
any. Oregon ian.
In all tho political history of Ore
gon, we doubt: if there is a man in
the State who Las been more persist
ently belied than Hon. J. H. Slater.
On this question of back-pay be has
been charged, ilot only by the Rad
icals, but also Ay those who belong
to his own prf y. with perpetrating
an. outrage an! Vvrong. In fact it is
the only chro they can make
against him. "We do not know
whether Mr Slater is a candidate
for tho position of Congressman or
not, and hence we only give this to
place him rig'it before the public.
Mr. S. voted , spoke and fought against
the bill to increase tho pay of Con
increase tho pay
and Especially did he fight
tho clause relafYig to the back-pay.
This was all J a Representative
could do, and r'ter the bill was pass
ed against his protest, the money
was justly duo him, and he did only
what any other person would have
done. When a man says that he
would not suppdrt Mr. Slater on ac
count of his actipn in this matter, it
count of his action in th:
will be well to wep a wa
an individual, the woi
willing to givto anot!
atch on such
rould not bo
another his just
dues, but would be the first to steal
from his neighbor. The position we
take in this matter is, that it was
Mr. Slater's duy to vote and fight
the bill, and th.s he did, manfully,
but when it wt s passed and signed
by the President
who, was the big-
joer ol tho lot
id ljh had a perf
i jylt right to
of tho lot. it was
his money anc
al, legal and
and, to use
"would have be
n actiner the hvno-
crite not tv have taken it," and had
he returned it after once drawing
fit out, we would have regarded him
as a double hypocrite, only seeking
an opportunity to get a bigger haul
from tho public treasury. If the
people will look at this matter in a
fair, hontt light, they cannot en
sure Mr. Slater for his action, and
none but demagogues do. It might
a3 well be said that the various coun
ty officers who were eleeted in 1872,
knowing that the fees were cut down
in 1S70, to take effect July 1, 1S72,
Btole tho people's money when they
accepted tho increased pay allowed
by the new feo bill of 1872. We
trust that this piece of political dem
agoguery will sometime come to nn
end, and those who make use of it to
Mr. Slater's detriment will not so
plainly advertise their own dishon
Axoriier Change. Mr. Calvin P.
McDonald gives notice in Tuesday's
Statesman that his connection with
that paper ceased, and that he takes
charge of the Bulletin, at Portland,
from and after that date. The Bulle
tin seems to hav a hard time to get
an editor to stick, and we hope that
friend McDonald will have a longer
lease of the position than most of his
Brother Noltijer, attempting to be
facetious, declares that "his head is
not at our disposal." Why, bless
his simple soul! If his pate could
be had for a nickel, we would have no
desire to purchase, for a head with
out brains is so perfectly useless.
"Not at our disposal." We hope
not, for we haven't the slightest use
Bless your sen, dear sister, they
nnnr VilnV it:
them for that ptirpose. i
Returning to their Nest.
The indications throughout the
State are, that the fight in the com
ing election will be between the two
old parties. This being a special
election, and coming at a season of
the year when our people are busy,
but little interest will be manifested,
and while the Democrats and Repub
licans have an organization, the In
dependents virtually have not, and
should they seek to place a candidate
in the field, it will be done by a small
portion of that element. The De
mocracy have no need to support an
Independent candidate for Congress.
No Democrat has any fault to find
with the party on National questions.
Those who supported the Indepen
dents at our last election did so on
local State questions. The next con
test does not come under that head,
and will be fought on National issues.
On these, we think the Independents
generally agree with the Democracy,
and hence we shall ana may expect
many of them supporting the Demo
cratic nominee. There is no doubt
but many of the Radicals who went
with the Independents last year,
have gone back to their party allegi-
. - "1 1
ance, and we see no goou reason wny
Democrats should not do the same.
The only hope the Independents
have in running a candidate is, that
the two old parties may place in the
field objectionable men. In that
event, they would be justified in
placing a ticket in tho field, and they
would certainly have an equal show
with either of the two parties for
success. But should tho Democracy
and Radicals pi co good and accept
able men in the field, there would
be no room for a third candidate.
It, therefore, depends upon the wis
dom of the two parties as to whether
a third man should or will bo placed
in nomination. Party ties are not
what they have been in years gone
by. The people know the past his
tory of their representative men, and
it will be more of a contest for men
than of party. We are justified in
this view from the lack of interest
manifested by the people, and while
we regard the election as one of the
greatest importance to the future of
Oregon, the masses of the people
cannot realize its magnitude, and
will not come out to either conven
tions or the election, unless men are
placed in tho field who can excite
their enthusiasm and rally them at
This being the condition of tho
public mind, it is a matter of the ut
most importance to the Democracy
to place in the field a man who can
draw the masses out, and this can
only be done by a man who is known
to entertain the confidence and re
spect of the party, and who shall be
able to make such a campaign as will
show the people the importance that
will be attached to the result. The
Democrats who assemble at Salem
next woek have a great responsibility
resting upon them. On their action
depends the success or defeat of the
party thi3 fall, and consequently the
success or defeat next spring. A
victory won this fall will add very
materially to the" strength of the par
ty, while defeat will leave its evil
effects in the future. The interests
and claims of the different localities
should be carefully considered, so
that no local strife shall ensue, and
with a candidate acceptable and wor
thy of the support of tho Democracy,
there need be no fear of a defeat.
But a candidate obnoxious to any
great portion of the party will have
but the empty honor of running and
being defeated. It was not tho num
ber of Democratic votes cast at the
special election held two years ago.
but the number of stay-at-home Re
publicans that did the work for the
party that time. "We apprehend that
the Radicals will not perpetrate a
similar error, and Democrats should
not trust to tho mistakes of their op
ponents. Wo should gather wisdom
from past experience, and if we do
not, we are unworthy of success.
The evidence that independent
Radicals are going back to their party
may be seen in every quarter. It is
true, some will never return to the
rotten hulk, but many of them those
who are slaves to the Radical manag
ers will be found in the traces again
and kissing the hand which has but
recently insulted and smote them.
One instance has already occurred,
where an Independent organ in fact
the paper which claimed the hon
or (?) of bringing birth to the party
has sold out and merged with the
Radical organ the Statesman and
Record. This shows a move toward
kissing and making up, and we shall
probably see other evidences of com
bination before long. In fact, the
only trouble with the Radical leaders
in the Independent party is, that
they are not admitted to full fellow
ship in the spoils, and whenever the
ins will give the outs a fair share,
they will go back to their former
allegiance. In this contest, no Dem
ocrat has any just grounds for acting
outside of his party. There are no
differences existing in tho party on
National issues, and this is an issue
as to the course and policy of the
Radical party on purely National
questions. Let the differences of
the party be healed; let a good and
reliable Democrat be placed in the
field, and success, not only this fall,
but nxt year, will crown the Demo
I Foreigners and the Democracy
The San Francisco Examiner speak
ing of the relation between the Dem
ocratic party and our foreign pop
ulation, says that the party has been
since its foundation as a distinct pc
litical organization by Thomas JefT
ferson, the firm and unflinching
friend of the foreigner who has cast
his lot upon American soil. History
To the Democracy are the foreign
ers residing here indebted primarily
for the elective franchise which they
enjoy ou such easy terms! In 1798,
when the country was governed by
the anti-Democratic party, which
had the Executive and both Houses
of Congress, was repealed the natu
ralization law which had been en
acted tinder Washington's Adminis
tration, which set the limitation of
preparatory residence for aliens at
five years, made ' a fourteen years',
habitancy a pre-requisite to tho con
ferment of citizenship. To a largo
class of immigrants this was equiva
lent to a total prohibition, their age
rendering improbable their surviving
that term. The party then in power
also authorized the President to or
der to leave the country any foreign
er whose presence within its confines
he might deem prejudicial to tho
To cap the climax of this proscrip
tive legislation, it was enacted that
if any person in the press or in a
popular assemblage, criticised or
censured the course of the Adminis
tration or the personal characters of
its members, severo penalties of fine
and imprisonment would bo iuflicted
upon tho culprits who should be
prosecuted before the Federal tri
bunals. This last mentioned act was what
was known as the Sedition law, and
it was by no means a mere brutem
fulmen, but on tho contrary, a very
rigorously enforced statute. In every
part of the land prosecutions were
instituted to carry out its provisions.
In the state of Vermont there was a
Democratic paper conducted by a
gentleman of Irish birth, Matthew
Lyon, who wa3 apprehended under
this law, convicted and fined one
thousand dollars and imprisoned un
til the fine was paid. Years after a
Democratic Congiess refunded the
amount to Mr. Lyou.
The attitude of the Democratic
party towards foreigners has been
uniform and consistent since at tho
beginning of this century, it came
into power. The very first act of
Thomas Jefferson's Administration
was to repeal the odious Naturaliza
tion Act of the opposition and to ro
storo tho short term of five years'
residence, in course ol time the ira
migration increased to very large
proportions, so much as to alarm the
anti-Democrats, whoso hope of as-
cendency was renaerea smaller as
the immigrants increased numerical
ly. The opponents of Democracy,
under their various successive party
names, omitted no opportunity of
presenting the evil effects certain to
flow from the liberal laws of natural
ization. In 1841 a Native American
party was organized in New York
and Philadelphia simultaneously.
Its motive was to restrict the elec
tive franchise to Amoricans, or for
eigners resident in the country twenty-one
consecutive years. It was at
once successful in both the cities
named. All tho elements of opposi
tion to the Democracy united under
the standard of the now organiza
tion. Alone the Democratic party main
tained a solid front against tho pro
scriptionists, and prevented them
from extending over the entire land.
In 1853 and 185-1 nearly all the old
opponents of Democracy combined
to revive this proscriptive party and
formed the political society common
ly called Know-Nothings. The ob
jects of this ephemeral association
are too well known to need elucida
tion hero. Its essential element was
the overthrow and destruction of
foreign influence in the United
States. For a while it spread furi
ously throughout the country, and
in tho JNorth and West obtained
many local victories; but it met its
quietus at tho hands of the Demo
cratic party, its only opponent.
But for tho sturdy opposition and
increasing activity of the Democracy
this Know Nothing party would have
achieved a national triumph, and
then encompassed a total repeal of
the naturalization laws, thus carry
ing into effect their watchword:
"Americans shall rule America." If
successful, the foreigner of to-day
would be deigned the privilege of
voting and holding office, and thus
the country would have been de
prived of one of the greatest sources
of its prosperity through the conse
quent discouragement of immigra
tion. The present Radical party is the
lineal successor of the native Amer
icans and Know Nothings. Yet this
fact has not repelled from their sup
port a very considerable number of
the foreign born population. The
Germans especially have not seemed
to attach due weight to the histori
cal facts which connected the Radi
cal organization with the proscrip
tive parties of the pa.t; yet even the
Germans are beginning to see more
generally how intolerant and antago
nistic to them and other foreigners
is the Radical party.
Captain A. Waters has secured the
mail contract from Union via Cove,
Island City and Summerville, to the
Wallowa valley, and has entered on
tb6 discharge of his duties.
C0URT3SY CF BANCROFT LIBRARY,
UNIVERSITY CF CALIFORNIA.
LETTER FROM NEW YORK.
From Our Regular Correspondent.
New Yobk, July 8, 1875.
AUast the-Beecher-Tilton jury has
signified its inability to arrive at a
verdict, and . has- been-discharged.
The first rote stood 9 to 3 in favor of
Beecher, changing from that to an
even division, then to 7 to 5 in
Beecher's favor, and lastly to the
first vote of 9 to 3. There is a little
talk on both sides of a new trial, but
I am led to believe that wo have now
seen the last of it. It has been a
very expensive trial, and a great dis
appointment not only to those inter
ested, but also the public, that no
satisfactory couclusion "has been ar
rived at. Plymouth Church, it is
said, supplied the "Old Man" with
the necessary funds, while the "Mu
tual Friend" acted as cashier for "Sir
Marmeduke." The only fruit to be
plucked from this trial is the insight
it has given us of the rottenness of
that "select circle" which holds "ad
vanced ideas." It -lias taught our
wives apd xlaughters their proper
spheresand how terrible "is the risk
of playing with such wickedly edged j
tools. Men and women who call
each other by their first names im
mediately on introduction, who kiss
on sight, who become lovingly dem
onstrative without excuse or provo
cation, arp a class to be tabooed by
all virtuous people, no matter how
mighty their intellects, how varied
their accomplishments or how prom
inent their social or public stations.
As a result of this "great scandal,"
two upholsterers, named Price and
Leoder, are being tried for perjury.
It seems they went to Bro. Shearman
with a "cock and bull storv" about
tho torrible things they had witnessed
between Henry Ward and Elizabeth
when engaged in putting down car
pets in Livingstone street, which
transaction they kindly agreed to
"keep locked up in tho innermost
recesses of their hearts" for a "con
sideration." Shearman failed to nib
ble, told them flatly he didn't believe
a word of their story, and was pre
fectly willing that the plaintiffs
counsel should have tho
their testimony. Tho
counsel insisted upon
This frightened Price, he
traitor and publicly announced that
"tho whole thing was a 'put up job'
to mako a stake." Tho papers are
about equally divided in their opin
ions as to Beecher's guilt or inno
cence, and as to whether Tilton is
quite as black as ho is painted. If
I had my war, they should . nil be
put into a bag and marked in glaring
capitals, ';JOB LOT !"
Speaking of job lots remind m
that the great Grant is demonstrat
ing to the foreigners at Long Branch
our Republican simplicity and how
hard it is to live on 50,000 a year,
by driving a big English four-in-hand
dray. Ho ni.tkes a better horse
than quill driver, and may possibly
get a situation at the end of hisrei-n.
In connection with tho Grant family's
quill-driving ability, what do you
think of this sentenco from a report
sent in by little Freddie, the Lieut.
Colonel? "Tho fish of the Yellow
stone consist of cat-fish near its
mouth, Shiner and jack salmon."
Such raw grammar as that, I should
think, would make a good bait, if
jndiciously used. It is said that
Ulysses disports his Apollo-like form
in the briny surf every day at "the
Branch," but looks very little like a
President in his bathing suit. Can
he bepracticing for a swim up Salt
As if dissatisfied with our paltry
million of inhabitants, our census
(and senses too, perhaps) is being
again taken (like beer), iu the hope
of swelling our population. A fine
of $50 is inflicted on all persons ra
fusing to givo the called-for informa
tion, and strange to say, at least one
hundred have already been relieved
of that bagatelle. Religious old maids,
I suppose, who will neither lie nor
tell their ages.
The board of finance of the Phila
delphia Centennial estimates that
there will tbe 3,000,000, who will at
tend on an average three times each,
making 9i000,000, entirej at the ex
hibition. TUe greater part of these
will come, from Great Britain and
Germany; it is difficult to say which
will send the larger number. The
commissioners estimate 50,000 as the
average daily attendance. The larg
est influx of strangers is expected on
July 4th, 1876. The Roman Catholio
Total Abstinance Societies will dedi
cate their monumental fountain.
They expect to parade 50,000 strong.
x my thousand Germans will dedicate
a monument to Humboldt. Ten
thousang Italians, 25,000 Isrealites,
and 20.00Q Presbyterians, will dedi
cate their respective statues. At
least 25,000 soldiers are expected, be
sides a number of civic societies not
yet determined upon. These figures
swell the grand total to 180,000 peo
ple who will take active part in cele
brating our one hundredth birth-day.
A friend writes me that some fore
lock-grasping acquaintances of his
have already written him to engage
rooms at Philadelphia for the months
of July and August, 187G.
At a meeting of the bondholders
of the Northern Pacific Railroad,
held in this city on the last day of
montn, a large amount of the
securities of the Company was repre
sented, Hormonv of fepli
ed to pervade the "meeting, and if all
present did not share the high hopes
expressed by Gen. Cass and others,
of future prosperity for the line,
they seemed to think that their pros
pects would be much better by the
adoption of the plan of reorganiza
tion, presented for their considera
tion. The marked desire to work to
gether for a common end, shown by
the bondholders, certainly gives vast
ly, more encouragement that the road
may bo extricated from its worst
difficulties than if, as is now the case
with so many other embarrassed
railroads, there were half a dozen
parties, each striving to save some-'
thing from the general wreck, and to
get all the advantage possible over
Secretary Delano has "skipped" to
Ohio, never to return, it is said, to
the management of the Interior de
partment. The best pews in Dr. Hall's new
Presbyterian church, Fifth Avenue,
sold for $6,000 each, bosides the pre
mium for choice. The. amount re
ceived in premiums aniounted to
$74,000. The annual income of the
Church is about $50,000 It seems,
to me, with wealth like this, there is
no necessity of the Fiji Islanders go
ing naked, or bur missionaries be
coming breakfasts. The co-operation
societies of Great Britain and the
Patrons of Husbandry of the United
States are considering the feasibility
of an international exchange, in their
own ships, of their own productions.
Jean Inglow, the portess has just
given to tho public a very clearly
written novel, called "Fated to be
Free" novel fate, that.
The 4th, or rather tho 5th, of July
was passed with the usual amount
of accidents and fires, and a most
decided increase in boom, bang and
beer. We are in hopes that this
Chinese heathenish way of celebrat
ing our nation s birth will reach its
culminating point at the Centennial,
and then gently subside into some
thing as littlo known or cared for
The fai'siiii Masonic Reunion.
The Grand Lodge of Masons of
Oregon, which recently met in Port
land, appointed a committee, consist
ing of J. N. Dolph, J. C. Ainsworth
and F. S. Chad wick, to make tho
necessary arrangements for the con
templated reunion and excursion.
The committee, after deliberation,
announced that they had contracted
for half-fare tickets by the several
routes for all who participate in the
excursion. Tickets will bo issued,
good for nine days. The excursion
boat will leave Portland to connect
with tho cars at Kalama, Monday
morning, August 1G, at 6 .o'clock,
unless a iecial train is run from
Albany that morning, in which event
the boat will leave at 8:30. The fol
lowing is tho program mo adopted
for the trip: Monday, August 16
The brethren of the M. W . Grand
Lodge of Oregon and Idaho, together
with tho brethren of the subordinate
lodges, the brethren of the A. A. S.
R. and Royal Arch Chapters, with
their wives and daughters, to leave
Portland for Kalama, W. T., by the
Oregon Steam Navigation Company's
steamer, joined by brethren of ash
ington Territory, residing east of
Kalama; preceed by Northern Pacific
Railroad to Tacoma, W. T. ; thence
by steamer chartered for the occasion
to Olympia, W. T.; arriving at
Orympia, to bo received by the
brethren of Washington Territory,
Tuesday, August 17th. Meeting of
the Grand Lodges of Oregon, British
Columbia, Idaho and Washington
Territory, and visiting brethren, at
10 a. at., at Masonic Hall. Form in
grand procession, escorted by Scot
tish Rite, Royal Arch Chapters and
Blue Lodges in full regalia, march
to the hall or grove for address of
welcome, orations, etc.; with ball or
banquet in tho evening. Wednes
day, Angust 18th The whole day
will be devoted to a grand clam
bake. Thursday, August 19th Take
steamer at daylight on a grand ex
cursion to Victoria, visit the M. W.
Grand Lodge of British Columbia.
Returning by steamer to Tacoma, so
as to reach Portland, Saturday, Aug.
21st, where the Grand Lodge will
The State Convention was called
too soon; some think this may have
been unthoughtedly done, others say
and think it was done so as to pre
vent Eastern Oregon, which is thinly
settled, and the means of communi
cation is slow, from having a full
representation in the convention.
We take the above, extract from
the Bedrock Democrat. Our friend
is sadly mistaken in his suspicions
that the convention was called at so
early date to deprive Eastern Oregon
of her representation. The mover of
the resolution asked E. S. McComas,
of the La Grando Senttnel, if that
time would be satisfactory to Eastern
Oregon, and the introducer, repre
senting nn Eastern Oregon county,
felt it his duty to consult the inter
ests of that section, who . informed
him that the time suggested w ould
be as good as any that could be se
lected. To have called the conven
tion at a later date, say in August or
the early part of September, would
have thrown it into harvest, and then
Eastern as well as Western Oregon
would not. have been represented.
As it is, it comes between haying and
harvesting, and it would have been
impossible to have selected a better
date. Our friend can rest assured
that there was no desire to do injus
tice to Eastern Oregon, as the
mover of the resolution, we think,
by his past actions, has always shown
himself a friend to that section.
i - -t i
Read Them. Two very interesting
communications will be f onnd on the
first page of this week's issue.
Evidence of Jas. Lotan.
The following is the evidence of
Jas. Lotan, Inspector of Boilers for
this district, in the case of the State
of Oregon vs.. John V. Smith. Mr.
Lotan, witness on the part of the
State, testified as follows:
I am a machinist by trade, and
now hold the position of Boiler In
spector for this district, which office
I have held for five years. I have
beeu a machinist for twenty years,
and am now employed at the Wil
lamette Iron Works. I am acquaint
ed with the steamer Senator have
known her ever since she was built.
I made an inspection of the boiler of
the steamer Senator. The last in
spection was in November, I am not
sure whether it was or not, it was
about that time. I inspected her
and issued a certificate, found every
thing correct. Besides the test, I
examined the boiler throughout, to
Kfi if tlioro tr-n nnv weakness in it.
The external of the boiler was good
or else we would not have granted
the certificate-. We examined the
engines, pumps, etc., and. found
them in good condition and granted
the boat a certificate. The certificate-is
in- the Inspectors office. I
have seen such parts of the Senator
since the explosion as is left, but
didn't see any part of tho machinery
at all; it was under water; but I saw
Ouestion. What condition was it
? Answer. Well,
the shell was
torn loose from it, the tube sheet
was pulled out, part of it left around
the edge. The balance of the fire
box all looked good. I didn't see
any of the tubes, they were, got out
afterwards. Some of the rivets were
pulled out and some were sheared
I havo been making all kinds of
machinery almost. I have had ex
perience in the construction and use
of boilers. I have an opinion as
to the cause of the explosion, but I
don't pretend to say it is right. I
think the explosion was caused from
over pressure probably from low
water. Where the water is low in
the boiler, below the fire line, the
fire strikes these plates and tubes,
and it makes them much hotter.
Any sudden motion, causing the
water to splash upon these plates
will then cause an explosion.
Q. Then by low water, when
spoken of as a cause of explosion you
mean by it that the plates become
exposed to the heat and then the
sudden contact of the water produ
ces an immediate volume of steam?
Ans. Yes, the plates conduct tho
heat to the water and make steam.
Cross-examination. You say you
examined this boiler in November:
did you do anything more than to
apply the hydrostatic pressure to it?
A. Yes. I was from fifteen min
utes to two hours making the exam
ination. If sho was all right it
would not take more than fifteen
minutes; it depends on the construc
tion of tho boiler, what facilities
there are for getting around it to
make the examination.
Q. Just explain to the jury what
the hydrostatic test is, will you? A.
I would like to state first I don't
claim to be an expert, I dont claim
to be an expert a tall. I am a practi
O. What did you mean by not
being an expert? A. I mean that I
have always worked at the business,
a jiractical man, and not made a lin
ing as an expert.
Q. Is it a hard matter to be an ex
pert? A. Yes, it is.
Q. lou have not had very much
knowledge in exrdosions? A. No
sir, I never saw many of them.
How many have you seen? A
Never saw any.
,. Did you see any evidence of
overheating in this examination you
made in this boiler? -what did Von
mean by overheating? A. I meant
when the iron gets red hot. There
was no evidence of overheating.
K. Dont you know as a matter of
investigation and reading about these
matters that if it should get down
below it would givo evidence? A.
No sir, I don't know, I don't think
V as there any evidence that
the water was below tho crown-sheet
that you saw? A. No evidenco shown
on the iron.
Q. Did you see any evidenco that
the water had been down over the
crown-sheet at all? A. Only that
the boiler exploded.
1 mean from an examination
of tho iron itself. A. The iron
didn't show any evidence of exces
C. W as there any evidence that
it was below the crown-sheet? A
No sir, the water might be below the
crown-sheet and the fusible plug not
Q. What degree of heat does it
melt at? A. At about 400 degrees.
Q. If it was below the crown
sheet why didn't it r melt? A. Be
cause it was not 400 degrees hot.
What degree of heat is red hot?
A. It would probably bo about
1,000 degrees, in a dark place from
750 to 800 degrees.
Q. You spoke about the water
coming up after it got low, and the
iron up there , getting hot and the
water splashing on it and then gen
erating steam very fast, would i.t
be likely to generate steam very fast
below 400? . A. If the boiler was up
to 400, and the water to three hun
dred, it would generate steam very
Q. The hotter you get it the
higher the steam gets don't it? A.
Q. Do you know the dimensions
of this boiler? A. I don't remember
them exactly. I have got a copy of
what they are.. I don't remember ail
Q. Dont you recollect that it is
fifty four inches in diameter? A. I
Q. A full quarter? A. Yes. I
cant say that I even measured that
iron, I took it from the certificate.
Q. Since it is onlv a nnarfpr of
an inch thick and fifty four inches
in diameter how much steam would
she bo allowed to carry? A. Do
you mean this boiler? Q. I mean
a boiler 54 inches in diameter and
a quarter of an inch thick. A. That
would depend upon circumstances
again. A boiler 54 inches in diame
ter inch would be allowed to carry
G9.44 to 129.C2 pounds.
Q. What do you get that from?
A. I get it from a copy of the law.
Q. When was that published? A.
Q. Who made that table? A. I
suppose it was made by the P
vl. ioes Jt show that'
Q. Are they not allowedVo '
on different vessels different nr
A. They are allowed to
same amount in all places. e
j.s mat tne sanro tablQ i
which von were envorn.. . 'T
when this certificate was m i
in this boiler ? A. It
Q. This table refers to boil
made prior to 18 what does h1"8
mean? A. Well, it is fixed in J1
other place. This law dont int
fero with boilers made prior to tr
Q. Concerning that fusible J?" '
I understand you to say that Li?'
at about 400 degrees? A. Yes
Q Suppose the temperature wag
390 have you any idea from vour ?
penence about the rapidity of ih'
volume of steam to be generated l!
contact of the water with the i,wl
A. Well that depends UJ ,?8?
many piates there was and the amount
i mci, uuu ujjuu me suriaco 0f tl.
mean, suppose the im
tnrn tr-oa 3V 1
.ov auu ulc uier was low
have you any rule, does your Prol
fessionor occupation, or science bv
which you are regulated furnish anr
rule as to the result of experience on
that subject, furnish any rale to
determine the volume of steam that
would be generated by contact of
water at that heat? A. Well Te?
it does, but it would depend Vnon
tho amount of plates. If von had
only one square inch it wouldn't le
much; if you had a thousand square
inches it would.
Q. Would it not depend verj
much upon the heat of the water as
well as the heat of the plates? Sup
poso that the crown-sheet of the
boiler was not covered with water
and that it was raised to the temper
ature of 390 and that the w ater in
the boiler was at the temperature of
210, and was low? A. You Lara
210 to start with and it would heat
that much more.
He-Direct Examination. Q. Mr.
Lotan, you recognize that book? A.
Q. Who does it belong to? A.
It belongs to the steamboat inspec
Q. By whom was it furnished?
A. It is furnished by the Depart
ment of the tSccretary'cf the Treasu
ry. Q. State whether you had a rec
ord made concerning the inspection
of the boiler of the steamer Senator
at the time 3-ou last inspected tba
boat; have vou that recoru? A. Yes.
Q. Is that it? (showing a book.!
A. Yes, that is it.
Q. Mr. Lotan, was a copy of this
certificate furnished to the boat 1:
the time it was made? A. I pre
sume it was. Wo 0didn't furnish 2;
to the boat, we furnished it to tLe
Q. Was that furnished to tho
Custom House? A. Yes.
Q. Verified as required by lav
Re-Cross Examination. Q. What
is the tensile btrength of iron? A. I
Q.. Well by this table you real
from the other day, you would not
put it down the highest would tot;?
A. I think not.
Q. Where would you put it? A.
Sixty thousand pounds.
Q. You don't knov jnst what the
tensile strength is? A. No.
Q. How did yu arrive at that?
A. Well, we arrived at what va
allowed before that. They allowed
Q. Under the new law, how tbon
did you arrive at it? A. It is mark
ed on the plates.
Q. Has this boiler anv stamp cn
it? A. No sir. 13
Q. Do you take into consulerr.
tion the age? A. No sir.
Q. Does not boiler iron after tio
become less in tensile strength? A.
Q. Become crystalizeil? A. Ye?.
Q. This boiler was in use about
IS years and you didn't know t!:o
tensile strength? A. No sir.
Q. Did yon ever run on the river
any? A. No sir. o
Q. No experience? A. Not as a
Q. Can you stale how the tens3
strength is estimated. A. It is
tested in a testiug machine.
Q. Where is that done? A. Ii
is done where the iron is manufac
tured. Q. By government inspector?,
and the iron is stamped then? A.
By the test it will bear, yes.
Q. You say this iron ats 60,000
pounds? A. l'es what it is allow
ed. I don't know that the tensile
strength was even marked. There
was no law at that time
A Qcestio.v of Vekacitt.
arc infosmed that the Christian gen
tleman, named "Rev." E. Parson
Hammond, had something to say in
regard to our article last week in bis
sermon at Albany on Priilay night.
Our informant could not hear well,
as he was outside of tho buildicf,
but could easily understand such pet
expressions as "tissue of lies, liar,"
etc. Now. as we are not aware to
what particular part the very "rer-
erend" gentleman applied these pel
expressions, we will see who is guil,r
on another score: Did ybu not, Her.
Payson, tell different persons that
you "spent $100 to come to
City to do them good?" Didyou
not tell others that you paid $75 fcr
the same purpose? Are not both cf
thnsn Mr(iniis false? Is it 2 a
fact that you only paid $35 each trip,
and that tho fare collected for a trip
to Oregon City and a free passio
heaven" more than paid expenses or
nearly so? A mac convicted oi oco
falsehood should be regarded wu"
suspicion in all that he says.
Two editors are now living: y1
bullets in their heads, m
number of instances if you
;ach an editor's brains, shooi
when his back is to you. Ana w
low down. Seattle Vispatcn.
The editor of tho Dispatch, o
. . . -it, TJiil-
tn his nrro nnd association Wll"
ical editors of late, is a judge of jnc
i he J3
matters and we have no auuu
The prospect for abundant ; grjjj
nver better in