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DEVOTED TO POLITICS, NEWS, LITERATURE, AND THE BEST INTERESTS OF ORECON.
OREGON CITY, OREGON, FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 19, 1875.
fl 111 f
l I i i i I I H 1 1 I ill
A LOCAL DE.VJOSrlATlC
F O II T II K
Fdrm:r, Busings Man,' & Family Circle.
Issued every fuiday. .
EDITOR AND PUBLISHER.
OFPICIAL PAPBTOa CLACZAUA3 CO.
oK-KKF-In Entkkprisk Bu'.MIn-r. on
dJirlS f Masonic U,.ai,.S. Mam .
Term of Subscription
Sinl J Cop..' One Year. Tn Advance..
" Six Months "
T-rm off A.dvertii" ?
Tn n d"nt udv.-rusements. Including
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For t-.c'ii subs -ipi-nt ins-rtioii
On-; C ilaiu:i, !! year
Hut ;: ..
li'iVinss Or.I, 1 square
, one year..
okiu::v i.oj;i: no.
Meets i-vorv Thursday
-v;-Mi'V' it;7': o'clock, in tho
O.l.l JVl!v.s' Hall, Main
..r .... Ms in! ers of the )i-
I to attcll.l.
Meets on tlie jrcsr.
I lA.nirli 'Piics- '' .tji
s p:' h nionth.
c. in tne um
U. Membersot the Jiegree
si i iuviitl to attend.
HI 1. T t)M. SI I
A- A. M-, If Hs it-
retrul ir coin
1 , A F.
i!ion on the First mm-
in I S st'.ml.ivs in eaeh iifii. a
ut 7 oVl . -k iro'iii t ho :?th ol'.Srp
tjiiioi-r tn tin1 -'tli iif M:iiv!i;
ii to t!i-
oVto-k fro! l th -Uth ot Ma.v
HK: t S? -tet'iiior. I'rvthroii
t aa-liu ? af-,' in.it jd to .ittv. n l.
Iy oi';. l:i' oi'
F A I,L : .! 'J AMl'.HUS r
. l. M
U ill Oilt'.l
At ld 1-VlloW
st in I l'uii il Til"
l iy of e i - :i
in g i 1 stall
:i lfe IS '
; 1 1 i- ;t r
A ill'iMN i' NO. '4, V.
( id F l! vs" H ill, in i r -i,
o.i M :i ! i..' ev-'iiin, at
n r.s hi ti 1 or l r are 1:1 -M.
:. At ilKV, i
vii I t i iMt "i; i.
I. .1. ki .C J ,- i
V A 11 ! S.
(niu;oi (' 1 t i' tilt natty.
1: " . ii
M 11:1 si r
(hariaa a'.- P.ric'u,
a.igl it I.
W. W. 310 UK LAND,
. I .lll.i.
Street, iiin-lto tlie
C l II - i
S. if i; K'L A T
ni:ii! r r
W 1 t .J t m Uil
C!i ir:na n'sbrit'
! oaiarlSTJ :tf.
k. Main st.
J HfJSON & McCOWN
i r t r v f v a irn rnrvoffi nne v i 11
Oroon City, Orogon.
j7"Vi!l jiraefic" in all the Courts of the
State. Soet-ia attention given to cas-s in
the ('. I -nidi tllc. at )regon City.
:l. t; 15 a tz i isr,
ATTOR N EY-AT-LAW,
onmoy cirr, : : Oregon.
I'opc's Tin Store, Main
Dr. S. PARKER,
I ATP! OF ViUTL.AMl, OFFEKS HIS
tU services as Thysician and Surgeon to
t he peo i, of t.'h ckamas county, who may
at any time l" i neetl of a physician, lbs
has op iied an i dice at Ward A Harding's
1 iru'j: store whet.' ho can le found at all
tt-iien of the day when not engaged in pro
fessional calls.i H esldei-ice, .Main street,
iit-t door but ie above H. Caufleld's store
Oi .oh. r lST,t. tf
JOHN M. 1UC0N,
IMPORTER aM) HEALER
In 15ook, stationery, lVrium
ry, etc., etc.
O Orejiojii City, Orpyoii
7- t Ch irm'an Varnr's old stunj
itely occupied b" S. Ackeman, Main st.
II........ II,. ...1nT
AVIXtl Pl'KCHAS- A-i-Vj-r,
th" alx-ve lirew- r-
frv wishes to inform ine puouc iniu ne is
now prepared to:.manufacture a No. 1 qual
LAO JiR B RRR,
as good as can
th -State. Orde
tw ohtained anywhere in
rs solicited and promptly
. , -i A X D
I i hZ S T A XJ TL A T !
L0.CIS SAAL, Proprietor
-iniiv. Street. -
- Oregon City.
OUSTERS WIl.I, BE
and after thl? datn ,
"id after thl? datn di.rin-r the "Winter
" ",Ji. the best nualitiesof
' p u i - . , .
'""CR d AMERICAN CAXDIES.
Ice for sale n quantities to suit.
J, I. I. O.
l -r are myitoi
l IV vfVIMj
:it 7 o'.ll
1' rllows' TTi
ntaflve ami ('himpion of Imcr
1m n Art Taste!
ProT'.i for 1S75 Eiijhth Year.
THK ART JOIBXAI, OF AMERICA,
"A Magnificent Conception, Wonderfully
The necessity of a popular medium for
thu r(res-!itiitioii of the productions of
ourreat artists, has always been recog
nized, and many attempts have been
made to meet the wsint. 'i'lie successive
failures which so invariable followed each
attempt in this country to establish an
art journal, did not prove tho in difference
of the American people, to the claims of
hih art. 8o soon as a proper appreciation
of the want and an ability to meet it were,
shown, the public at once ralied with -enthusiasm
to its support, and theresulf was
a irr 'at artistic and commercial triumph
THE ALU INK, while issued with all the
regularity, has none of the temporary or
timely interest charaetrist ic of ordinary
periodieals. It is an elegant miscellany of
pure, light, and graceful literature; and a
collection of pictures, the rarest specimens
of artistic skill, in black and white. Al
though each succeeding number affords a
fresh pleasure to its fri -nds, the real value
and beauty of The AUHne will be most ap
preciated after if is bound up sit the close
or the year. While other publications
may claim superior cheapness, sis compar
ed with rivsil.s of a similar class, The Adine
is an unique and original conception
alone aid una pproached absolutely with
out com pet it ion in price or character. The
o.ssssor of a co:npl-te volume could not
duplicate the quantity of fine psiper and
engravings in any other shape or number
of volumes for ten tim--s its cost ; and then
thepj is the chromo besides!
PREMIUM FO'l l-7".
Every subscriber for 1?75 will receive a
beautiful portrait, in oil colors, of the same
noble dog whose picture in si former issue
attracted so much attentisn.
'31 ill's telfish Friend''
will b- welcome in every
body loves such a doir, arid
executed so true to the life.
t h" portrait is
that it s-ems
t he veritable pr 'S.etic" of the animal itself.
Th It v. T. lie Wit Ta Image tells that his
own New Foil ml la ml ilog (tUe linest in
llr.Dlil.vn) bii.-ks at it! and tliough ro nat
ural, no one who s-'es this pr Milium chro
Tii'iuiil have th r s!i :iitest fear of being
iJ-sid -s the chromo, every advanc:; sub
serib -r to Thr Af-lfnf for ls7" is constituted
a member, and entitled to all the privil-
TH E AID ! H I All f U ?J 1 0 "t'.
Th" I'nion owns the ordinals of all the
AUti.n pieliires, which, with other paint
ings and en;rravlngs, are to be distributed
among the members. To everv serie.s of
1,0.11 subscribers, l'W dltFerent piee '.s, valu
ed at over IJr'M, are to be distributed as
s on as the s l ies is full, and the awards
of eaeh series as made, are to be published
in thu n .t succeeding issm of Tho Af'line.
This leatur. applies only to subscribers
who pay mr oin year in advance. Full
particulars in circular s n, on application
enclosing a stam p.
O.ir Siilwrriptioii, i; titling to T5IE
AIiUI.VK oik your, the t iiroinu
Jd tiio Art I uiuii,
;er Annum, in Advance.
(N'o charge lor ostage.)
SpcimMi conies of Tli !0 A1JJIXE, 50c.
Any p-r-son wishing to aet permanently
as ;i, local canvasser will r -eeive full and
I romt intoraiat io:i by applying to
3iaj!5:n !, vm:, m:iv v:t.
I now off. r this stock of Onods'
at I'rices far b'dow ;mv other; L
hous" ir. tin- .srtite.
limes an n ird and mono
scarca and l will give every one !
t he worth of their money. j
l:iilitA CITl 3IAIJK
Inn nntl IJj-k'
C'liit Ii i siy,
8 For CASHJ
OREGON STEAMSHIP CO3
HTpT I i
Sti. J2Z. C(")OTCK,
Will leave OUErTOX CITY for PORTLAND
every day f Except Sunday, at 7J o'clock,
A. M. Returning, will leave Portland for
Oregon City at 2h o'clock, P. M.
Will leave OREOifS CITY for CORVAIXIS
every Monday and Thursday of each week.
.ive ORFfTOV riTV Tf Aro-VTivr-ST.
VII.I.K. UKAY E'tTE and DaYTOX, and
ail points between, everv Mondav, Wed-
... ruuii) (ii caen AveeK. leaves
t he bas.n at 8 o'clock, A. r., and connect
with the tram at Canemah at 9, A. M.
aiVi-?-?T-;ON f ITY rr HARRISBURG
,! . tFSK and all intermediate points
Sti T'aiiriio Patton,
I.eav..s ORRiOX CITY for ALBANY and
2rv V? Vned,ate Pnts between twice ev-
CALL AND SETTLE.
4 II rrr.ons indebted to the undersigned
io l'-tessional sprviees are resix?ct-
lully rejiuestedtocall and settle their ac
counts to the 1st of Januarv, 1S75. I desire
all in v accounts closed at the beginning of
the New Var, anil those knowins them
selves indebted will confer a 2 re at favor on
me by making early pavment.
Jan lit f J. W. NORRIS.
MM WIFE, MARTHA J. STEWART,
having left my bed and twvird with
out just cause or provocation, all persons
are hereby notified not tohafloror trust
her on my account, as I shall pay no
debts of her contracting from and after
this date. R. E. STEWART.
Dec. o! 1S71 iw.
A A I rlV U r
O I octlOtf i
THOMAS CHAR iM AN
DESIRES TO INFORM THE CITIZENS
of Oregon City and of the Willamette
Valley, that he is still on hand and doing
business on the old motto, that -
A yimble Six Pence t Better than a Slow
I have just returned from San Francisco,
where I purchsised one of the
LARGEST AND BEST SELECTED
STOCK OF GOODS
ever before offered In this city ; and consists
in part, as follows :
Boots and Shoes,
Clothing, Dry Goods,
Hats and Caps,
Hosiery of Every Description,
Paints and Oils,
Sash and Doors,
Plated ware, Glassware,
Jewelry of Various Qualities
And Styles, Clocks and
Watches, T .sidles and
Patent Medicines, Goods, Fancy No-
Itope, Faming lions of Every
Implement s of Description
All Kinds, Carpets,
Cloth, Wall Paper, etc..
Of the above list, I can say my stock is the
MOST V O M L E T 15
ever offered in this market, and wsisseleted
with especial care for t he Oregon City trade.
All of which I now olfer for sale sit the
Lowest Market Ra es,
No use for the ladies, or any one else, to
think of going to Portland to buy good for
I am Dctfrmini-il to Sell (Jhrt-H and not to
allow myself to bi.;
UNDERSOLD IX THE STATE OF OREGON.
All I ask is a fair chance ami quick pay
ments, believing as I do thsit
Twenty Years Experience
in Oregon City enables me to know the re
quirements of the trade. Come one and sill
and see for yourselves that the old stand of
cannot be beaten in quality or price. It
would be useless for me lo iell you all the
advant ages I can otfer you in the sab' of
goods, sis" every store that advertises does
that, and probably you have been dissip
pointed. All I wish to say is
Coin.", nn.l Sand Exainiiis for Yourselves
fori do no wish to make any mistakes.
My o ject is to i "I l all my old friends now
that I am still alive, and desiroes to sell
goods cinii-p, for cash, or ujion such terms
sis agreed uKii. Thanking sill for the liber
al pat ronsige heie.ofore bestowed.
Msiin S.rect, Oregon City,
I.eixal Tenders and County Scrip taken at
market rates. THOS. CTIARMAN.
tt.7-50,000 lbs wool wanted hv
Is your time to buy goods sit low prices.
are now receiving a large stock of
FALL & WINTER GOODS,
all of the I -itest Styles, which will sell
ATTLESS THAN PORTLAND PRICES.
Our stock has been bought for ensh, and
wc wili sell it at a small advanco above
SAN FRANCISCO COST,
"llfE WIIiE SAY TO EVERYBODY BE
IT fore you purchase or go to Port land,
come and pric our goods and convince
yourself thsit wo do what we say. Our stock
consists in part of
Fancy and Staple
Dry Goods, Clothing,
Hats, Roots and Shoes,
Eadies and Gents
' Furnishing Goods,
' Notions, Grocer-
ie s, Hard
ware nnd a gre.at many other articles too uumer.
ours to mention ;
PAINTS AND OILS,
also pay the Highest Market
. - ACKERMAN BROS.
Orson Cltr, fee. 11, 174. tf
Paul Boyntou's Swim.
Colonel Forney Tells the Story of a
Brave Man's Deed Afloat aud Alone
in the Ocean.
Correspondent of the Philadelphia Press.
A few days afterward I met aPenn
sylvanian, not quite so renowned as
the Austrian lieutenant, but in an
other sphere even more of a curiosity
in London. I refer to a resident of
Philadelphia, Captain Paul Boynton,
of the New Jersey Light Guard at
Atlantic City, now here, alter
: I1IS EXTKAOltDINAKY FEAT
of throwing himself into the ocean
from the National 'steamship,' Queen,
on the stormy night "of October 21st,
seveu miles off Fastnet Hock, on the
Irish rock-bound coast. He began
his experiment esist of Baltimore,
where the cliffs are ISO feet high and
more, and after being seven hours in
the water, aud swimming over forty
miles, ho finally guided himself,
in the midst of the tempest, into one
of the fissures on that terrible shore.
He was clad in the life-saving appar
atus recently inveuted by another
and aided by his great skill as a
swimmer and a diver, his cool cour
age and strong constitution, perform
ed a feat which, when the news
reached London, wsis regarded as a
hoax, and generally commented up
on as another evidence of American
exaggeration. You have heard the
story of how he attempted to get
passage on several of the outgoing
steamers from New York in vain, be
cause the captsiins knew he would
attempt to leap from the ship to
prove the American apparatus of Mr.
Merriman, and how, finally, he ob
tained a berth on the National
and was prevented only by main
force from jumping overboard when
MOO miles from New York, and how
at length, at 9 o'clock on Tuesday
evening, October 21st, off the Irish
coast, he persuaded the captain
to put him down the side, and all
alone, in the dark, tempestuous night,
clothed in his Indiarubber air-tight
suit, with his inflated air-chambers,
with food for three days, a compass,
a bull's eye lantern, some books, sev
eral signal rockets, an "American Hag,
with a number of letters belonging
to the passengeis in his inside
pocket, with his bowie-knife at his
side, he grasped his paddle, and
amid the cheers of the crew and
company entered upon his awful
EVERY SOUL. OX BOARD
believed that to be the las-t of
the brave fellow. I wish you
could hear him tell the story of his
condition after beiug tossed on these
mountainous seas for seven long
hours; how he was cast into the
rocky fissures on the Irish coast;
how in the dark night he scaled the
almost perpendicular cliffs, and,
mounting the top, tired off his signal
rockets for the relief that never came;
how ho descended the dangerous
declivit3', stripped of his preserver,
and walked, bruised and battered,
until he came to
A LITTLE 1BISII TOWN,
the barefooted inhabitants of which
regarded him pretty much as the
Indians beheld Columbus, or Robin
son Crusoe's man "Friday," started
at the sight of the shipwrecked sail
or; how, at last, he got to Skibba
reen, where he posted the letters en
trusted to him by the passengers of
the Queen, who had all given him
up for lost, and were astonished
when he talegraphed them to Cork
that he had arrived and would soon
be among them. "While the houses
were being shaken and roofs being
blown off in London," says the Dnili
Neics of Octoler 28th, "this bold
mariner was alone on the stormy
sea, encased in his magic dress, car
ried and down the alternate hills
and valleys of the ocean,"
HIS PASSAGE THROUGH IRELAND
was something more that a triumph;
the "man-fish," as he was called, be
came an object of wild curiosity and
admiration. Crowds followed after
him, and when he got to Cork he
was welcomed at the theatre by the
corurany singinar the "Star SpauIed
Banner," and on the 27th of October
exhibited himself iu the harbor near
Queenstown for more than an hour.
He proved' at once the efficiency of
his life-saving suit and his own dar
HE FIBED OFF ROCKETS,
burnt signal lights, ate and drank,
knocked the neck off a bottle of
lemonade, hoisted his flag twined
around the Irish green, and excited
a bewildering enthusiasm. Repeat
ing these experiments on several oth
er occasions, he performed some ex
traordinary feats in the city of Dub
lin, and on the 7th of November, in
the theatres, Zoological Garden, in
the river Liffey,-. and here, as every
where, he attracted an immense con
course. The same scene took place
in the harbor of Kingstown, and I
have just been looking over mauy
columns in the Irish newspa2ers,
of comments upon his various
Xerformances, full of
INCIDENT AND AMUSEMENT.
Captain Boynton has been in Lon
don about a week, and will soon dis
play his prowess and prove his in
vention at Brighton, the English
London by the sea, now in full bhize
of fashion and frolic. But he is re
serving himself for the most danger
ous and daring achievement of his
life, viz: that of .
CBOSSING THE CHANNEL,
from Dover to Calais. To use his own
words to me: "I will do it if it costs
me my life, and. wdien, I land I will
teiegiapn you tnfcse words: 'I have
. just planted the Centennial flag on '
the soil of France."' I do not de
scribe this young Philadelphian as I
would describe an acrobat or a jug
gler; he is engaged in a great work
of humanity, deserving far more
honor than many who boast of their
distinction in science and art. A
young man who can speak of having
saved seventy-one human lives, and
who travels not for show, but to
prove the efficiency and usefulness
of a great life-saving invention,
DESERVES SOMETHING MORE
than the applause awarded to a trav
eling mountebank, and I have no
doubt he will receive it. Captain
Boynton is about 27 years old, and
was bom in the. county of Alleghany,
Pennsylvania, but is now a resident
of Philadelphia. He served in the
American Navy, during the war, on
the Northern side, afterward took
part in the battLs against Maximil
liian in Mexico, and happened to be
in Paris when the conflict between
France and Germany broke out,
fought with the French, returning
to America at the close of the strug
gle to enter the service of the Life
Guards on the Atlantic coast, for the
purpose of saving life at watering
places and sea-ports.
HE IS A FINE, HANDSOME FELLOW,
modest and unpretending, and tells
the story of his adventures without
the slightest boasting or ornamenta
tion. His brother is the London
correspondent for some of the Amer
ican newspapers, a reader in the
British Museum, aud a careful, in
telligent, studious ruan, very much
attached to the "amphibious Cap
tain," and now, I am glad to see, dili
gently attending to the great task of
crossing the channel from Dover to
Calais. I write this sketch of our
gsillant townsman not only to illus
trate the main point of this letter
the usefulness of American genius
and science in Europe but that his
friends at home may not lose sight
of one who litis done so much credit
to himself and to Pennsylvania.
Grant's Financial Message
President Grant deserves some
credit for the presisteuce in which
he reminds Congress of the way it is
shirking the financial question, but
he has lost all the leverage he had
on that body by permitting the so
called resumption bill to be rushed
through without any sign of his dis
pleasure, and now to receive his sig
nature. He points out that, even if
the bill should work, the means to
carry it out are not provided, to wit,
the means for redeeming $80,000,000
of legal tenders and $40,000,000 of
fractional currency; also, that the
annual contribution of 34,000,000 to
the sinking fund is entirely unpro
vided for. The answer of Congress
will naturally be that, if the bill is
so slack, the President should not
have signed it. It is "returned to
the house in which it originated with
the President's objections," but un
fortunately signed. The Senate
might put it to the vote, again, "sar
castic." but the President's recom
mendations, unless backed up by
more potent White House influence
than lie has hitherto exercised on
this question, won't stand for much
in tlie midst of the general party dis
traction. The President's plan for resump
tion is better than none, and proba
bly bring about tho desired end, but
in the certainty of operation, in the
ths ease with which the community
would comprehend and meet it, and
the government carry it out, it is
greatly inferior to any of half a doz
en plans contemplating the issue of
interest-bearing notes, or gold notes,
or bonds, in direct redemption and
contraction of the. greenbacks. Any
of these better plans, if pressed in
Congress by the whole power of the
administration, might still prevail
before the close of the session, but
the Prisident lost his best chance to
"bring a pressure to bear," when he
permitted the other bill to become a
law without a distinct intimation of
his dissatisfaction with it and his
disposition to seek early relief for
the country of the next Congress.
Spr in (field Republk'aiti
Congress Laughs Alouil.
The telegraph tells us that Donn
Piatt in the Capital, says: Congress
laughs aloud over the fact that the
newspaper men have been caught,
and no Congressmen. Very well.
But let the inquiry be transferred
from the Committee of Ways and
Means to Newspaper Bow. Organize
a Committee there, with Charley
Nordhoffas Chairman,' and Boynton,
Adams and others as members. This
Committee will cross the threshold
to which the money has been traced,
and call on the members who voted
for the subsidy to purge" themselves
of suspicion. The examination would
begin with Mr. Dawes, then go on
to eloquent Kelly, and so continue
through to all who on that famous
day voted the fatal 'yea.' -Bank and
private accounts; ; and, above all, the
mysterious bank of the Sergeant-at-Arms
would be searched; and, our
word for it, in less thau thirty days
the jail would have to bo enlarged to
admit the Congress of the United
States. How many Congressmen
were corrupted are not known, and
probably never will be for the gen
tlemen who conduct the investigation
are not only members of Congress,
but members who voted for the sub
sidy, and are as likely to have had
some of the money as any of th lob- j
dv. ine presnmption is unfavora
ble to them, as two of the leading
and most active of the investigators
have boen caught with Credit Mobil
ier stock in their pockets.
The Dlfference. Bachelorio ex-
Lclaination "A lass!" MairUnW
Sclinrz on the Situation.
Senator Schurz, of Missouri, in
the United States Senate expressed
the following opinions on Louisiana:
He said he approached the subject
in no party spirit, as he was about
to retire to private life. The success
of no party would benefit, nor the
defeat of any party injure him. He
proceeded to revive ths scenes of last
Monday iu the Louisiana Legisla
ture, and asked where was the .- con
stitutional warrant, where the law,
for such proceedings. He recited
the various excuses made for military
interference in this case, but declared-
that none l these touched the
question. The question was, Where
was the the law for these acts? It
was his deliberate judgment, con
scientiously formed, that the deed
doue on the 4th of January in Louis
iana, constituted a gross and mani
fest violation of the Constitution and
law; an act indicating a spirit in our
Government which either ignores
the Constitution and laws, or so in
terprets them that they cease to be a
safeguard of independent legislation
and the rights and liberties of the
people; and this spirit shows itself
more alarmingly still in the instru
ment the Executive has chosen to
carry out his will. No American
citizen could have read, without pro
found regret and apprehension, the
recent dispatch from General Sheri
dan to the Secretary of War. sug
gesting that a numerous class of
citizens should by wholesale be out
lawed as banditti by the mere proc
lamation of the President, to be
delivered over to a military com
mander for summary judgment by a
The question was asked on every
hand, if such thing could be done in
Louisiana, how long before they
could be done in other States, or in
the House of the Nation's Represen
tatives? He commented upon affairs
iu the South, and criticised the leg
islation of Congress, as having had
a bad effect on Southern partisans,
who had come to look upon the Pres
ident and Congress as their natural
allies and sworn protectors, bound
to sustain them iu power by what
ever means. Referring to the War-moth-Ivellogg
. quarrel, he says:
" Your Casey s and Packards carried
off State Senators on a United States
revenue cutter, atd shut up the Re
publican Governor in the Custom
house, guarded by United States
soldiers to keep out another Repub
lican faction. Nay, more; this same
Packard, a United States Marshal
during the last election, managed
the Kellogg campaign, and also the
movements of United Stsites troojis,
to keeji his 2olitical opponents from
intimidating his political friends;
whi e the Department of Justice of
the United States appeared more
like a centra bureau for the regula
tion of State elections." Speaking
of the colored people, he said he
would hail the day as a most auspi
cious one for them, when they threw
off the scandalous leadership of those
adventurers, who, taking advantage
of their ignorance, made them tools
for their rapacity. He declared that
the people of the South were not
murderers and banditti. There were
bad elements among them, but the
National Government itself was giv
ing these bad elements strength by
its unconstitutional proceedings.
He argued that Virginia, North Car
olina and Georgia, where self-government
was unobstructed, were
advancing in prosperity, while in
Louisiana and other States is a simi
lar political condition there was no
prosperity. Lawlessness of power
was becoming far more dangerous
than the lawlessness of mobs. Re
ferring to lawlessness and the alleged
intimidation of voters in the South,
he condemned everything of the
kind, but asserted that it was not
all on one side; and in this connec
tion referred to the discharge of Gov
ernment employees solely for politi
cal reasons, and argued that when
the National Government champions
intimidation, we need not be surpris
ed if partisans on all sides profit by
the example. He advised the people
of Louisiana to exercise judgment
and moderation, and to trust in tlie
justice of their cause, and eventually
the spirit of peacefnl victory will
bury the usurpers under a crushing
load of. patriotic indignation. He
declared that the people had lost
confidence in the truthfulness of
those who paraded bloody stories
of outrages, because it was too ap
parent that they, were merely stage
thunder to catch votes. He declared
his belief that the Conservatives
fairly carried the election, and were
defrauded out of the result by the
Returning Board, and this act has
been sustained by United States
soldiers. He hoped his motion to
instruct the Judiciary Committee
would result in a bill for a new elec
tion in Louisiana, with no Sheridan
as chief ruler and Packard to conduct
the campaign. No measure would
avail which did not boldly vindicate
the constitutional privilege of the
land, and preserve to the State the
right of self-government.
Square on the Head. General
Banks hit a very large-sized nail very
square on the head in his Boston
lecture when he sa'd that " it is im
possible for the North to be prosper
ous when a large portion of the
country is in a condition of anarchy,
and twelve millions of pur people
suffer under the invasion of their
social and political rights."
Put It Off. A Maryland , man
whoso wife dropped dead a few days
ago, had the funeral put off one day
Inn "pr to rt. tho balanrtft rf Via onrn
i husked. He said it wouldn't make
any differenc-e to her as she was al
wavs sbod -natured.
The reasons which impelled Pres
ident Johnson to send General
Sheridan away from Louisiana in
1SG7 are those, remarks the New
York Sun, which induced General
Grant to send him there in 1875.
ne had shown an utter disregard of
civil authority, trampled the Consti
tution under foot, and harrassed the
people by every rnethod of torture,
until law was subverted and the mil
itary ruled supreme.
The President knew his presence
was hateful to the population, and
that in these .eight years Sheridan.
has-lotgdforri- opportunity of re
venge. Hence he was chosen to car
ry out a vindictive policy, which
suited the malice of his master and
at the same time addressed itself to
his personal feelings.
It never entered the mind of either
that this appointment was a positive
reflection on Gen. McDowell, the
commander of the Department, and
on Gen. Emory, who, for nearly
three years past, has personally
commanded all the troops in Louisi
ana and executed the orders from
Washington to the last letter. For
what reason have these officers been
Surely, it will not be pretended
they have failed in any duty, however
irksome, or refused to co-operate in
the crushing-out process concocted
afc.Washiugton. They even obeyed
the Attorney General When the Pres
ident assumed to make him Commander-in-Chief
cf the Arm-, and to
confer ujon him functions which are
not transferable by tha Constitution.
They perhaps would not falsify
the facts, pervert the truth, or givo
cheerful support to Kellogg and his
usurpation, and hence they were put
under the ban, and disgraced as far
as the Executive action could do it,
liv 1 mm vie t.lirnet naiilo -vriflii-int. n. e.nm-
plaint preferred against them or a
cause to justify this gross indignity.
If they had been swift witnesses to
csiluinniate a whole people, and had
sympathized with the scoundrels who
i tt.i tt
nave stolen tne people s money, ine
favor of the White House would
1 1 ..4.,- 1 .- r 1
that offered to Sheridan for doing
the disgraceful work.
In honorable contrast with the
brutality of Sheridan shines- out the
memorable order No. 40, issued by
Gen. Hancock when he took com
mand of the Fifth Division, with
his head-quarters at New OrleansQ
on the 20th of November, 1667. The
closing words deserve Jo be written
in letters of gold, as a guide for
every military officer.
" Solemnly impressed with these
views, the General announces that
the great princijdes of American lib
erty are still the lawful inheritanco
of this people, and ever should be.
Tlie right of trial by jury, the habeas
corpus,-the liberty of the press, the
freedom of speech, tho natural rights
of persons, and the rights of prop
erty, must be preserved."
Who are Your Aristocrats ?
Twenty years ago, remarks a co
temporary, this one made candles,
that one sold cheese and butter,
that one butchered, a fourth thrived
off a distillery, another was contrac
tor of canals, others were merchants
and mechanics. They are acquaint
ed with both ends of society, as
their children will after them, though
it would not do to say so out loud,
for often you find these toiling
worms hatch butterflies and tb.Q
live about a year. Death brings a
division of property, and it brings
new financiers. The old gent is dis
charged, and the young . gent takes
his revenues, and begins to travel
toward poverty, which he reaches
before death, or his children do if
does not. So that, in fact, though
there is a sort of moneyed race it ia
not hereditary; it is accessible to all.
Three good seasons of cotton will
send a generation of men up a score
of years will bring them all down
and send their children to labor.
The father grubs and grows rich;
the children riot and spend the
money. Their children in turn, in
herit the price, and go to shiftless,
poverty; next their children, invig
orated by fresh plebeian blood, and
by the smell of the clod, come u;
again. Thus society, like a tree,
draws its sap from the earth, changes
into leaves, and spreads them abroad
in great glory, sheds them off to fall
back on the earth, again to mingle
with the soil, and at length to re
appear in a new dress and fresh gar
niture. Not Prejudiced. "Mark Twain"
found it necessary to give a descrip
tion of an acquaintance, once, and
especially desired that nothing iu
his description should be understood
as indicating prejudice against tho
subject he should endeavor to con
fine himself to facts; and this is tho
array of facts:
"A long-legged, vain, light-weight
village lawyer, from New Hampshire.
If he had brains in proportion to his
legs, he would make Solomon seem
a failure; if his modesty equalled his
ignorance, he would make a violet
seem stuck-up; if his learning equal
led his vanity, he would make Von
Humbolt seem as unlettered as the
back-side of a tomb-stone ; if his
stature were proportioned to his con
science, llfi Wnnlfl Via a tram iY,r.
j J --.v M ( j V. ... A W . ,UW
rrnioroscope; if his ideas were as largo
as nis words, it would take a man
three months to walk around one of
them; if an audience would contract
to listen as long as he would talk,that
audience would die of old age; and if
he vrere to talk untib he said some
thing, he would still be on his hind
legs when the last trumpet sounded.
And he WOnld bavft r.hf-f1r nnrmrrV. in.
wait till the disturbance ras over,
1 and : on araiti," ;'