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About Oregon City enterprise. (Oregon City, Or.) 1871-188? | View Entire Issue (Jan. 8, 1875)
DEVOTED TO POLITICS, NEWS, LITERATURE, AND THE DEST INTERESTS OF OREGON
OREGON CITY, OREGON, FRIDAY, JANUARY 8, 1875.
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fii 1) 'ii' - ::(ni f itv THfY "ffv h -f -
i LOCM DEMOCRATIC NEWSPAPER
F K T II K
Trmtr, Bwineu Man, k Family Circle.
EDITOR AND PUBLISHER.
fittlCIAL PAPER TOR CLACKAMAS CO.
..WKICF-In KterVbI!k RulUllfiR. one
,,"H:' Y:..ni i'...iidinir. Maui ht.
.. r.n Ono Year. In Advance $50
n'""' ..Ml, Mnll. " 1-50
" - II A -
Term or Advertising
Transient advertisements, Including
'""V . .s -j ....... r.. r twelve
all I.jinin ..-'---, it " i ,
lirS ne Vfi'fK....... " v .
For each ulu,a Ins-rUon... I.JW
o. :..ia..in.- -t:ir:::;;;;;;;;;;;;;:: ,:
Hlf . 1'UNI
yuri;r ..,.,..,,,.,, 1H)
SOCIETY NO TICES.
OHKCON' LOPUK NO. 3, I. I. . i'.,
Meet every ThnrsdaV iggfjv
renin ' t7' ol.ek, in i the
Odd Fellows Hall. Mum
trt. MemlKirsot ur-
,l. i..vit. . t atti'iiii. 1V nlor
MHiiKVCA ni:c:ui:i: i.im; i no.
S. I. O. O. F., Me tH on Uu; -f:
N4rotut ami Fourth Tues- fH
xl.W evenlliirs eaen limnm,
,t i i ..Vl,wl- in the O.l.l
F.-MowV Hall. MemlHTsof the Decree
are inritetl to attend.
."uh.tnomaii i.oi)c;i-; xt. i, a.f.
A A. M,., llol(U its regular eoin- A
iiinnietioiiH on tip? First anl iV
Tiiinl Saturday h in ra-h inontli,
at 7 dVliK'k front the'JUh of Sep.
timber to tho 20th f Mureli ; and 7'i
t.Vl.M-k from tlie -Dtli of Mareh to tho
iOth of Sjitemler. Urethren in gool
tndiii' an. invited to attend.
Itv order of Y. M.
FALLS i:XCAMPMKXT NO. 1,1. O.
- . m mm
o. F., Mn-t.s at o.l.l I'fiiows
Hill oiith First aiKlThirdTues
in go-i-l taii liii-.r are iiivitel toattend.
fMl'K HXC.VMP.HKAr -t.
U. V. M.t- Md F.dlo vs Hall, in Ore
,,, t'itr r.jt. n M'Hi'l v ev-nlns. at
i ., v... M-nitT r Hi - or.l-r r.- in
tii .1 tt -ii 'I. M. . A 11 IKY, C.
J. vl. i:eV.v. It. S. mi-'Tly
- . -K
II (! H I .V It S S C.I Ii S.
.J. V. NOKKIS. M. J J.
PIIVSK'IW AXU Sl UUKOX,
i n ; .v c r : i' ti x.
yi tin Sir-
W. AY. MO UK LAM),
OUKUON CITV, OKKCiOX.
K'I-K Street, oHe tle
art II .
H. lltTKL A T
ATTORN EY-AT-L AW:
01EQON CITY, - - OREGON.
OFFICE Cuarman brick, Main st.
JOHNSON & McCOWN
iTTORNRYi M C01X&EL0RS AT-LAW
Oregon City, Oregon.
WllI praeti? in all the Courts of tho
ntrJ. Hpelnl ttntion Rten to c in
tb V. H. Itndtinc- at Oregon City.
Xa. T. II A IZ I N,
ATTORffl EY-AT-L AW,
OREGON CITY, : : OREGON.
s Tin Store, Main
Dr. S. PARKER,
1ATE OK roUTLAMD. OFFERS HIS
J services as Physician and Surgeon to
t he people of Clackamas county, who may
at any time be In need of a physician. He
ha opened an o'llce at Ward A Harding's
lpug Store wliore ha can be found at all
timws of th day w"hn not engaged In pro
fessional uUls. Rsidenoe, .Main Street,
next d'r but one above R. Cnufield's store.
October 23. 17 1. tf
JOHN M. HACOX,
IMPORTER AXI DEATJR
In hVioks. Stationery, i-. rrum
cry. etc.. etc.
Orefria City. Oroti.
At Chsrmsn Jfc Warner's old stand.
ately oectipUd !..- S. Ackeman. Main st
OREGON CITY BREWERY.
ed the atxtwe Isrew
rrv wishes io iniorm i ne nuuni- iimi ne is
now pre pared to manufacture sNn.1 qual
J, AG BR RRJtR.
as irood as can ;be ol4ained anywhere in
the state. Orders solicited and promptly
- '- a n n
li ESTivUR A MT !
LOUIS tyiAL, Proprietor.
Main Street, A - - - Orrgnn City.
fYSTER-S Will. BE SERVED FROM
' and after th l date during the Winter
fason. Tho beM qualities of
FRENCH and AMERICAN CANDIES.
Ic ' for sal- in quantities to suit.
JOHN SCHR AM,
3Iain St., Oregon City.
MAMFACTIRER AND IMPORTER OF
WHICH HE OFFEUS AS CHAP AS
can be had In tho State, at
WHOLESALE OR RETAIL
- try l warrant my goods its represented.
1,000 DEER SKI IIS
VI.I. OTHER KINDS OF HIDES, FOR
which I will pay the highes market
price in cash Bring on your hides and get
your coin for them.
Saddle and Harness Maker.
Oregon City, Oregon, July 11, l.S7:3-m3.
WAGON AND CARRIAGE
ill A jV U F ACTOttI
JL having increased the di
mensions f his premises, at
ine oui sianu on tne
Corner of Muin and Third Street,
Orogon City, Oregon,
Takes this method of informing his old pa
trons, and as many new ones as maybe
pleased to call, that he Is now prepared,
with ample room, good materials, and the
very best of mechanics, to build anew, re
construct, make, paint, iron and turn out
all complete, any sort of a vehicle from a
common Cart to a Concord Coach. Try me.
nin-Wmitliinr, Horse or Ox Klioeing-
and (tuneral Jobbing neatly, quickly, and
cheaply done. DAVID SMITH.
M UX STREET, HRECOX TITV,
JFST ARRIVED. DIRECT FROM SAN
Francisco, all the
of Fall and Winter
IrErtt & Bonnets,
Trimmed and I'ntrinimed, for Fall nml
Winter wear, which we olfcr to the ladi'-s
f Oregon I'ity and vicinity at exceedingly
HATS AND BONNETS.
HATS AND BONNETS.
FEATHESS AND FLOVERS,
FTHRS AND FLOWERS.
RIS30NS AND GRNAFviEFJTS.
RIBBONS AND ORNAMENTS.
CALL AND EXAMINE.
CALL AND EXAMINE.
o troiioi.. to show goods, and no one
urgedtopnrcha.se. Our desire Is to please
our numerous customers.
Oregon City, Oct. 2:1, 1ST i. tf
Q LOTH ISM Q
I now off t i h is stock of ( SothIs
at lrices far below any other
house in the State.
Times are hard and money
scarce a nil I will give every one
the worth of their money.
I also keep a full assortment
OREGON CITY MADK
Men anil Hoys
(lot hi it if,
I'mle riven r ,
h'lu it nelM.
M it lea I
3. P. WARD.
OF.OROK A. IIARTr?fO.
WARD & HARDING,
DRUGGISTS AND APOTHECARIES,
KEEP CONSTANTLY ON HAND A
general assortment of
Iimii and Chemioals,
Shoulder Rrares Kaneyand
. ALSO .
Kerosene Oil. Lamp Chimneys,
Cl, Pally, Paints Olli
arni.hri and Dye St iifTs,
riKK vUXES AXD Liqi ORS FOR
PATENT MEDICINES. VTC
"-'-J m v
7"Physicians Prescriptions carefully
compounded, and all orders correctly an
swered. 7"Opon at all hours of the night.
VA11 accounts must be paid monthly
novfitf WARD A HARDING. '
COME AND SEE US!
LL PARTIES HAVING ACCOUNTS
with AViUiams . Ilardinir can see
how the same stands at the end of the
month. We want some money. octcotf
WEEKLY AND DAILY FOR 1ST5.
A 1IAI election gives unusual imnor
tancetothe events and developments of
1S75. We shall endeavor to describe thm
fully, faithfully and fearlosslv.
She Weekly Sun has now attained a cir
culation of over seventy thousand conies.
Its readers are found in very State and
Territory, and its quality is well known to
the public. We shall not only endeavor to
keep it fully up to the old standard but to
Improve and add to its variety and 'power
The Weekly Sun will continue tobe a
thorough newspaper. All the news or the
day will be found in it, condensed when
unimportant, and at full lenghth when of
moment, and always, we trust, treated tn
a clear, tnterestingand instructive manner.
It is our aim to make the Weckfy Svn the
best family newspaper in the world. It
will bo full of entertaining and appropriate
reading of every sort, but will print noth
ing to offend the most scrupulous and del
ecate taste. It will always contain the most
interesting stories and romances of the
day, carelully selected and logible printed.
The Agricultural Department is a promi
nent feature in the Weekly Sun, and its
articles will always be found fresh and
useful to the farmer.
The number of men independent in ioli
tics is increasing, and the Weekly Sun is
tneir paper esiH-cially. It belongs to no
party, and obeys no dictation, contend
ing for principle, and forth election of
the best men. It exooses the corruption
that disgraces the country and threatens
the overthrow of republican institutions.
It has no fear of knaves, and seeks no
favor from their supjiorters.
The markets of every kind and the fash
ions are reiorted In its columns.
The price of the Weekly Sun is one dollar
a year for a sheet of eight pages, and tUty
six columns. As this barely pays the ex
penses of paper and printing, we are not
able to make any discount or allow any
premium to friends who may make so
cial efforts to extend its circulation. Un
der the new law, which required pavment
of postage in advance, one dollar a" year,
with twenty cents the cost or prepaid wst
age added, is the rate of subscription. It is
not necessary to tret up a club in order to
have the Weekly Sun at this rate. Anyone
who sends one dollar and twentv cents
will g't the paper, iost-paid, for a year.
We have no traveling agents.
The Weekly Su.v. Eight pages, fifty
six columns. Only $1 20 a year, jostago
prepaid. No discounts from this rate.
The Daily sl'x. A large four-page
newspnierof twenty-eight columns. Dai
ly circulation over IJI,lMt. All the news for
'J cents. Siipscription, ostage prepaid 55
cents a month, or $0 5") a year. To clubs of
10 or over, a discount of 20 percent.
Adflresd, THESli.V, A'evr Yol k City.
A RrjirvscntatliY ami Champion of Anur-
ir:m .irt Tiistc:
Prosjwftts for 1S75 Eiyhth 'Year,
THE ART JUl'KXAI. OF AMERICA,
"A Magnificent Conception, Wonderfully
The necessity of a ixiular iiU'ilinm for
Die representation of I lie priMluet.ions of
our great artists, has always been r.-cog-
uized, and many attempts have lieen
made, to meet the want, the succwssive
failures which so invariable Pillowed each
attempt, in tins country to establish an
irr journal, did not irove the iiuitlrereiic
of hie American ih-oiiI.; to the claims of
high art.. So soon as a proper appreciation
of the want and an ability to meet it, were
shown, the public at once raited with en
thusiasm to its supiort, and th'Tesult was
a grv-at artistic and commercial triumph
J HI-: A I.I I N rZ.
THE AI.DINE, while isstiud M ith all the
regularity, has none of the teinixirary or
timely interest characterist ic of (rlniary
M.-riodicaIs. It is an elegant miscellany of
pure, light, ami graceful literature; and a
collection of pictures, the rarest specimens
ol artistic skill, in black anil while. -Al
though eacli succeeding number affords a
fresh' pleasure tojts friends, t he real value
and beauty of The AUhite will be most ap
preciated alter it is bound up et the close
of the year. While other publication!
may claim superior cheapness, as compar
ed with rivals of a similar class. The Al'line
Is an unique and original concept ion
alone and unapproached absolutely with
out eomict it ion in price or character. The
possessor of a complete volume could not
duplicate the quantity of fine imiikt and
engravings in any other shai or number
of volumes for ten t imes its cost ; and then
there is the chromo besides!
l-.very subscriber lor win receive a
beautiful Mrtrait, in oil colors, of the same
noble dog whose picture in a former issue
attracted so much attentisn.
" Man's Unselfish FritntP
will le welcome in every home. Every
body loves such n dog,' and the portrait is
executed so true to the life, that it seems
the veritable presence of the animal itself.
The Rev. T. De Wit Ta linage tells that his
own ,fw f ounuia.id uog (the nnest In
Brooklyn) barks at it! and though so nat
ural, no one who sees this premium chro
mo will have the slightest fear of being
Besides the chromo, every advance sub
scriber to The Al(li)tr tor 1S75 ii constituted
a member, and entitled to all the privll
KCS THE ALDINE ART UNION.
The Union owns the. originals of all t he
Aldiiw pictures, which, with other paint
lugs and engravings, are to be distributed
among the members. To every- series of
5,000 subscribers, 100 different pieces, valu
ed at .over $2,500, are to lie distributed as
soon as the series is full, and the awards
of each series as made, are to be published
in the next succeeding issue of 77ie Aft tine.
This feature applies only (o subserilx-rs
who pay lor one year in advance. Full
particulars In circular sent on application
enclosing a stamp.
Oar Subscription,' entitling- ta THE
A LOIN 10 one year, tlie Clirnmo
and tlie Art Union,
$ per Annum, in Advance.
(No charge for iostage.)
Specimen copies of THE A LOIN B, 30c.
- CANVASSERS WANTED.
Anv person wishing to act permanently
as a local canvasser will receive full and
promt information by applying to
THE ALDINE COMPANY,
53 MAIIi: UXK, N UW VOH .
GEO. A. PRIXCE&C0.
ORGANS AND MELOD EONS,
The Oldest, li-argest, and Most Perfect Man
ufactory in the L nited states.
Now In use.
No other Musical Instmmentsever obtain
ed the same I'opuiaruj .
nr Send for Price Lists.
Address IJUKFALO, N. Y.
rpiIE ANNUAL. MEETINO OF THE
X Stock Holders in the Odd 1-ellows Hall
Association for the election of Directors
and transaction of business, will be held
in the hall of Oregon Lodgc.N o. 3. I. O. O.
F., on Tuesday, Jan.,Zl3t, 1J73, at o clock
F' M" A. J. APPETtSON.
J. m". Bacon, .Sec. derJ5w2
Washington, Dec, tit 1874.
The paier purporting to be the
administration organ in tbis city Las
apparently at last awakened to a re
alization of the true condition of
affairs in this country. f la an article
some days since the editor (whose
words may be taken as a criterian of
the "White House" opinions) frank
ly (?) confesses, after reviewing the
results of the recent elections, that
something must be done, and" closes
by a fervid exhortation to the Con
gressmen, praying that they "go to
work" and " do something positive,"
for on their action depends the life
or death of the party. The fact is
the condition of the Republican par
ty in Congress is certainly very ludi
crous, but at the same time it appeals
to the sympathies of the compassion
ate. Its members, with the wounds
of their recent flagellations at the
polls still fresh upon them, are
forced to grunt and sweat beneath
their weary load of responsibilities.
Baffled and bewildered by a stagger
ing defeat at the hands of their for
mer constituents, they are neverthe
less peremptorily commanded by
their party task-masters to go to work
and set things right on a ninety days
notice. Within that brief interval
they are to straighten out the crook
ed doings of years, afford relief and
aid to a country prostrate and suffer
ing from their misrule, revivify the
expiring public credit, condone for
party misdemeanors by acts useful
and amply meet for repentance,
erase from siprut the uisuonorauie
record of years of profligacy, by a
few master strokes of legislation: in
short to blot out the past, and there
by to place the tottering party again
upon its feet. Such is tlie task set
before the band of dispirited Radi
cals now in Congress, and sick and
sore though they are, they, one and
all, agree that ' something must be
done," but as to what that something
should be, and wLat its effects would
be when done, there is confusion
and division; though in the mean
time there is no lack of stimulation
and advisors among their friends, for
from all (matters come clamorous
demands of "go to work." As to
these individual advisors, their name
is legion, each one has an infalliable
remedy of his own, but all unite in
goading on their jailed servants to
" do something." The same is true,
though to a less extent, of the Re
publican Congressmen themselves
Butler declares that the future of the
party uangs on tne late oi ins o.uo
convertible bond and currency bill.
To this, Dawes objects, and declares
that tho secret of success lies in con
traction and not expansion, while
Mr. Smith, of New York, would so
legislate as to have no payment in
greenbacks of debts contracted after
next July, and Kelley, of Tenn
thunders forth his conviction that
convcrtable bonds and pig-iron
would inaugurate a political millen
mum, and so forth and so on. One
thing, how ever, is certain, that with
so many different doctors to admin
ister the remedies, tho Radical party
in the house will not be likely to die
of inanition, though they have
likely chance of relief through insan
ity or exhaustion. That it is absurd
in any event to suppose that a stroke
or two of such legislation is going to
restore the Republican party to the
esteem and confidence of the people,
is a self-evident fact. The late elec
tions were the result of mature de
liberation on the part of the people,
and hence no special pleading or
speedy legislation can alter or set it
aside; so that the party must abstain
from its agonizing cry for salvation
and devote the remainder of its days
of activity to a contrite and sincere
enueavor alter puuiic purity ana a
decent resignation to its fate.
x ue convening oi tne second, ses
sion of the 4.3d Congress was marked
by no unusual proceedings, nor has
the first week seen any' extraordina
ry legislation, for as previously said
there appears to be a want of execu
tive ability and unity among the
The most active body is
the Third House, whose members
are here iu largo force, with fresh
arrivals oy every train, mere is
every indication that the lobby
ists are going to make a vigorous
campaign this winter, many circum
stances leading them to suppose that
the situation will be a favorable one,
and their necessities will lend to
heir fifThrt tlm vinr nf dpsnalr
ine railroau suosidy men, particu-
lanv, ku luunt; u suuug
and winning nght for more spoils.
They place much stress for their suc
cess upon the fact that this is a last
session, and at its close many mem
bers are to retire from public life,
and they rather admit there is little
COURTESY OF BANCROFT LIBRARY,
UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA,
hope for their schemes , for a long
time hereafter, unless they aro able
to carry them thronght this winter.
So those who have taken upon them
selves the duty of guarding the Na
tional Treasury, will do well to
redouble their watchfulness, at least
daring the continuance of the pres
ent session. The jobbers do not pro
pose to let the grass grow under
their feet, and it remains - to
be seen, whether their guardings of
Uncle Sam's strong box will make
their moves with equal celerity.
Relative to Congressional matters,
the subjects most considered have
been the President's Message and
the Report of the Committee on the
District of Columbia. Tlie Message,
though much longer than its prede
cessor, cannot be as able a prod no
tion, for when viewed from a literary
stand-point it is comparatively a
failure, and in sound common sense,
and general legislative ability, it is
sadly defective. On two subjects
the President exhibits a trace of tem
per which cannot be found in any prc:
vious message. At the mention of
civil service reform, ho became de
cidedly " snappislr," and shows
undisguised consciousness of
failure. Though, as usual, he fails
to credit himself with any of the
blame, making Congress responsible
not only for the short-comings of the
past, but also for the entire
collapse of the reformatory scheme
in the near future.
Tho other topic on which the Pres
ident displays his temper, is tho
southern condition, lie presists m
his. policy toward the reconstructed
States, and, unlike many of his crit
ics, evidently regards it as a conserv
ative one. The message, taking ev
erything into consideration, deserves
more to be commended for what it
omits than what it contains. Tho
magnificent "improvement" schemes
which were anticipated were not
brought forward, and the revision of
our ship-building interests is passed
over without any mention of the plan
of subsidizing American lines. View
ing tho document, as a whole, it
must bo admitted that the President
shows a growing familiarity with
public affairs, a somewhat bold and
independent style of treating of them
and a conservative tendency in his
opinions aud ideas.
In reference to the district of Co
lumbia affairs, of paramount import
ance, is tho report of the Congres
sional Committee, embodying a bill
providing for the formation of a new
government, the provisions of which,
so far, meet with much opposition
from the citizens. The probablo re
sult will be the curtailment and
amendment of the document to such
an extent, that when passed the or
iginal bill will bo scarcely recogniz
able. Tho bono of contention is the
right of suffrage, a subject which
will doubtless cause Congress much
trouble aud loss of time, and which
may nnallv' compel tho Committee
to present another report. Under
the head of District matters, the
theme of conversation is the an
nouncement that Attorney-General
Williams has directed the abandon
ment of the Safe-burglary trial, an
I announcement which has amazed ev
ery lawyer in the city and which can
not fail to alarm every man in the
country who has read the proceed
ings as far as tney nave gone. There
lias already been sufficient evidence
produced to convict the parties ar
raigned. The public mind was sat
isfied that the offices of justice had
succeeded in getting upon the trial
of the guilty, and at tho very moment
when an expression of gratification
was ready to burst forth at the pun
ishment of the guilty, the startling
announcement is made that the case
has been abandoned by the prosecu
tion, added to which the presiding
Judge has directed the entry of a
nolle proaetjui, thus ending ouo of the
most shameful farces that has ever
occurred in criminal jurisprudence.
The excuse that the condition of the
public mind is such as to prevent a
fair trial, will not answer, as it is
the sworn duty of those who con
ducted the prosecution to do so with
impartiality, a course of duty en
tirely free from any intense feeling
which may exist on tho subject in
the District or elsewhere, but from
the beginning of the proceedings, it
was evident to an impartial observer,
that the prosecuted parties were to
be governed in all they said and did,
by the authorities representing the
Government. Tho excuse will not
clear the Attorney-General and the
powers that are behind him, of the
fact of their complicity with the al
leged conspirators Whitely, Har
rington and others. Public opinion
and its expression may be defied, but
it can not be stifled, and when t.h
evidence of fraud and corruption is
once made clear, as it must be sooner
?T. 1:?te.r' tUen Wl11 thOSO who are be
I hinl tlm spptip in KJcj .nw.A,.4.;
i w ... itiio Li ikii r L( : i 1 1 1 1 1
feei the furious resentment of a peo-
i pie huuui mey nave so basely dc-
Ii. D. M.
Boss Shepherd sits in hi SloO.000
mansion with tears in his eyes, and
wonders why the people ask him
how he made all that money in four
Ol'CgOIT 111 i t.
COMMUNICATED BY MB. WILLIAM 1IEID,
LATE UNITED STATES VICE-CONSUL,
DUNDEE, 'TO THE DUNEEE "ADVEK
TISEH ," SCOTLAND.
"Oregon is to my mind the fairest
spot in the American Union." So
said the -English traveler,. Captain
Butler, in his work entitled "The
Wild North "Land," after visiting all
parts of the United States and the
States of South America. I have
not gone all over this North Ameri
can continent,- and hence cannot per
sonally vouch for Captain Butler's!
statement; but I have visited fifteen
of the American States, and so far as
I have seen them, not one possesses
such a combination of advantages,
so many resources, and as healthy a
climate as Oregon does to-day. From
the moment we crossed the Columbia
Bar down to tho present time we
nave felt quite at home. Everything
seems so much like home here (ex
cept the climate is superior and the
soil poorly cultivated) that I often
cannot imagine that I am 7,000 miles
away from Scotland. The first im
pression you have on entering the
Columbia River is the similarity of
the scenery and the bay to what vou
find in the Firth of Clyde, and con
sequently a foreigner from our coun
try feels at once attached to this, his
adopted home, an'd on that account,
home sickness soon wears ofl". I
have met with several Scotchmen
here who have been in Australia and
South America, and they all agree
while there resident they had an iu
satiabLe desire to return to Scotland
the scenery and country- being for
eign to their Scotch ideas. But they
say that since their arrival here tho
desire to visit home or the craving
for one's native country is gone. This
is a great matter to a Scotch eini
grant, and enables him more cheer
fully to undertako the tourney to
Oregon, knowing that he will find
there everything pretty much so
far as climate and scenery are con
cerned like his native country. On
that account alono I consider Oregon
is pre-eminently suited to British
Well, we crossed tho Bar (about
which we previously had heard so
much), and were agreeably surprised
to find it pretty much a hoax. So
far as danger is concerned it is not
for one moment to be compared to
the entrance to the Taj-, while the
shipping records of tho Columbia
River prove that during a course of
seven years only three vessels, outo
nearly 3,000 arrivals and departures
had been stranded, and these in con-
seqneneo of the masters being ignor
ant of and having no charts to the
river or its month.
Arrived at Astoria, ten miles from
the sea, your first impression of the
country is not prepossessing, xou
expect to find a city of 10 000 inhab
itants, and you find only a straggling
village, with a population of l,h00
persons, and a magnificent Custom
lfonso built of stone. The . normous
bluffs or sand-hills crowding upon
the town satisfy a stranger that no
great citv can ever be located there,
although it will always be an import
ant seaport ; and you next begin to
wonder what will Portland be if As
toria (the first town after you enter
Oregon) so disapioints you. How
ever, the scenery removes your med
itations, and you look around you to
hnd at tho river a bay some five miles
broad, on each side of which are
dense forests sloping back upon the
high banks, with tall trees growing
to their very summits. The timber
and these high banks obsenre your
view of the better portions of the
Lower Columbia River Valley, and
your ocean steamer proceeds on her
voyage up the uoiumoia itiver to
Portland, passing through beautiful
scenery for 100 miles on the way up
with very little variation in the na
ture of the Country except that the
Columbia River gets gradually nar
rower until you reach the mouth of
the Willamette River, 12 miles from
Portland, up which your steamer
takes its course. What a mighty
river the Columbia is! Navigable,
except broken by two portages, far
into tho interior, for seven hundred
miles, on to British Columbia!
Although satiated, as one naturally
is. with the sight-seeing across the
Pacific railway, you nevertheless at
once realize the beauty of the scen
ery of tho Columbia. You feel de
lighted with the greenness of its
banks and the tall trees (straight as
an arrow) shooting up into the sky.
Indeed, the ocean steamer's 110 miles
trip from Astoria to Portland, up the
river, is truly a panorama. When
wo entered tho Columbia River it
was May, and the salmon fishing sea
son was at its height. I think we
passed upwards of a dozen largo sal
mon curing and canning establish
ments on the way up, and were sur
prised to see their magnitude and
the number of people thev enm loved.
The tiny, neat river steamers engaged
in the fisheries, with their invariable
stern wheels (tho practice in this
country) attract your attention as
tney quickly pass your ocean steam
er. The present salmon catch (for
ia41 represents a valno of two mil
lion dollars, and tho number of cases
(300,000) are exported to all parts of
the world. Tho salmon are caught
by gill nets, which are made to float
across tho river, into which the un-
concious salmon inserts his head and
is captured. Thero were so many
small boats filled with salmon aver
aging from 25 to 30 pounds each, de
livering their loads to the various
fisheries, that we fancied they would
soon depopulate the ColumbiaRiver.
But there is no fear of sucli a con
tincrencv. as the quantities of salmon
in the river aro enormous. It is easy
to purchase a 25 pound salmon at
these fisheries for a shilling.
- We reached the end of our long
Joucn3y from Dundee and arrived at
Portland on the nrorning' of the 20th
of May. Portland agreeably surpris
ed me. ' It is one of the prettiest lit
tle cities in the United States. ' Ex
cept the three principal streets (each
about two miles long), all the others
are shaded on every side with vari
ous trees, which make the residences
very picturesque, Portland is situ
ated on the west bank of the Willam
ette R-iver, and is divided from East
Portland by that river. The eftyis
built upon a platenn', which gradu
ally increases in height as it recedes
from the river, thus affording a mag-?
nificent view of tho - snow-capped
peaks of Mounts Hood,- St. Helens,
Ranier and others of 1 the Cascade
Range, which divides Eastern from
Western Oregon. The southwestern
limits of Portland afford a fine view
of tlie town aud East Portland, and
of the foreign ships," the river steam
ers, tho spires and domes of tho em
bryo city of the "Northwest. Those,
with the numerous churches, schools
and jmblic buildings, tower far above
the surrounding dwellings. The
streets of Portland are laid out at
right angles, running parallel with
the river, nearly north and south,
intersected with other streets run
ning east and west. . As showing tho
advance of civilization in this far
west frontier country, we were sur
prised to find iu Portland all the ar
tificial requisites of. a large citv
such as gas and water, both carried
into the houses, and the streets light
ed Avitli gas; steamers ami railways,
whereon you find velvet cushioned
settees and sofas. River steamers
are generally fitted up with sleeping
apartments or berths, and a large
dining saloon, serving meals three
times a day, with waiters ami other
attendants as in a first-class hotel.
Two shillings is the charge for din
ners, and the same for sleeping apart
ments, on these steamers, and al
though there are a dozen liotels here
you don't need, if you arc traveling
up and down the river, to stay at a
hotel unless you like; an iron street
tramway (which Dundee has' not)
two miles long on which cars are
running every l'fteen minutes from
G A. M. to 10 p. m.; and some really
fine'schools" and colleges, where are
taught the highest branches of learn
ing. What surprises me most are
the magnificent residences, some of
which even surpass its elegance ami
style those of your Dundee mer
chants; and shops a few of them
much finer than I have seen in your
town and all these for a town of
13,000 inhabitants is really astonish
ing. Portland has two railways
one 200 miles long, up Western Ore
gon; the other 50 miles, through tho
west side of the Willametto Valley;
and it has a connection daily by river
steamer with tlie Northern Pacific
Railway from Kalama to the Sound
country, 130 miles long, ana Vancou
ver Island. Other steamers daily
navigate the Willamette River up
the valley, also down the river to
Astoria, and up the Columbia River
(the third largest river in the United
States) far into Eastern Oregon and
eastern v asmngton going occa
sionaily to Lewiston, 500 miles from
Portland. Then there is a weekly
ocean line to San Praneisco, and an
other line to Sitka,- Alaska, while
daily arrive British and American
ships to convey wheat a'nd flour to
Liverpool. Altogether Portland is
so located that it is bound, with
railroad connection, at no distant
day to be a large city.- Tlie one great
drawback to Portland and. indeed.
to Oregon and the whole of this
North Pacific country is the want
of direct railway communication to
the Atlantic; and yet (would yon lc-
lievo it i) only three hundred and
thirty miles of railroad are necessary
to bo built to enftble passengers to
reach Portland tva hours sooner
from New York than they would
reach San Francisco to-day. How
ever, all the people are agitating at
present and working hard for this
desired railway connection in the
.Legislative Assembly, and expect
Congress will this winter also give
its consent: so- thnt yon win. in two
and a half years., reach Portland.
V I w
Oregon, from Liverpool -in sixteen
days, by steam and rail, equally as
soon as though yori had been going
to San Francisco direct, and over the
same line of railways as far as Win
uemucca, on tho . Central Pacific
Railway, which is only fifty miles
from tlie southern boundary of Ore
gon. When this Ts consummate?!,
not only will these 330 miles of rail
way become one of the highways to
the North Pacific coast, and the most
profitable short railway in tho United
States, but the whole of this country
will then fill up rapidly with people,
and the population will at least in
crease a hundred fold in two years.
California's direct railway from Oma
ha filled that State witli people in
four years, aud yet it has not one
half of tho resources of Oregon, nor
the same annual certainty or quality
of grain crops. Somo object to tho
situation of Portland, but it is just
where it ought to be at the head of
ocean steam i?ivigation, and also at
tho head of tho great grain-growing
valley of Oregon (the Willamette
Valley) which is about 150 mileslong
by 50 miles broad; yet, although to
day forwarding through Portland
some four million bushels of grain
to Europe, still not one sixth part of
that valley is in cultivation.
I shall next send you a short dis
cription of Western and Eastern Or
egon, and our travels through the
Pugct Sound country and Southern
Oregon. Yours truly,
"Patrick," said tho priest, "how
much hay did you steal?" "Well,
your reverence, I might as well con
fess to the whole stack as I intend to
take the balance to night."
valuable prize The
n at tphowti