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OREGON CITY, OREGON, FRIDAY, MAY 1, 1874.
k LOCAL DEMOCRATIC NEWSPAPER!
ei rf-fc T T 1.7 !
farmer, Business .Man, Family Circle.
ISSUEf) EVERY FUIDAY.
Til) iron AXD PUBLISHER.
OFFICIAL PAPEB, FOR CLACKAMAS CO.
OFFICE In Hr. Thessing's Brick, next
.ioor to John Myers' store, up-stnf rs.
Term of Subacriiition :
Ulngle Copy On Year, In Advanco....f-'.50
Six Months " "
Term of Advertisings
Transient advn is-ments. lneliidins
all notices square of twelve
lines one week .. -
Korench sulwiiient insertion. I. W
0aC.l.nn.n - WMK)
- ilgs.neCanl, 1 sgtian-: ono'yoar:::::: 100 ;
tKi:; i.oik;i: no. 3, 1. 1. o.
Meets every Thursday
veiiin-at 7L o'clock, in the
Fellows' Hall, Main
itreet. Members of the Or
,i,.r are invited to attend- Hy or'l, r ,
N . (jl .
lti.ur.cc.v i)i:c;ui.i: t,oik;u n, !
n S 1.' Ml till TV-T-W i
I.. u. r ., .Meets n m-- zlzfrz
N-coiid and Fourth Tuos- jJ
ti:tv evenings each month, 5.5.3
.. i. I.- 111 the Odd
V. 1 . VI. '. I .. " '
Fellows' Hall. Memlcrsof the Decree
are invited to attend.
JUJIl'NOMAli I.OIXJi; XO. 1, A.K.
A A. M.. I folds it s regular com- a
mnni'-af ions on tlio First and V-
'Zviird Saturdays in each month.
:'. 7 oVl'M-k from the'JOth of S.-p.
t inher to the L'Uth of March ; and 7'i
o.h.ek troni the 20th of March to the
itli of September. Brethn-n in good
st indiriL: arc invited to attend.
W order of W. M.
f u.i. -t:campmi:xt no. i,i.o. ;
i. V., Meets at Odd Fellows' i r
Hall oiithe First and Third Tuts- Xl
iln' of e.f -ii month. Patriarchs r v
in Irood standing an; invited to attend.
CI. IFF FNC Vail3IF.XT .. z, c.
It. I. M ts :U oM Fellows' Jlall, in Or -Umi
' ' T-- "n, oit S-.I urua v v-nin, ft
7'- iVl.-k. i -niO'-rs I the order ar- in
vr -ii U: att-n.l. M. C. At I1K , C
J. !. I!.cx, U.S. ma-'Tly
; u s i y r, s s a a n t s.
J. Y. NOJMMS, -M- I).
PHYSICIAN" A .VI) Sl'lUiEOS,
a i: u ; o y c i r r. f n k o o y.
c"0:nc I'li-Stairs in C'harman's Prick, I
Uin Sir -. t. a'i-nii.
V. H. WATSCIK3, frf. D.
cP0aTLAND, - - OSECCN.
tjr H'i'K'K Idd Fellow's TVniple.coriier
First and Ai.l-r str.-cts. Kcsiuciice corner
of ..turn and .S -vent li streets.
Welch A: Thompson,
OFFKUi IN UjClXJLJ
O I) 1) F E LLO rS T E M P L E,
Cora-r of First and Aider St recti;',
FOKTI. .V1 - - OltJCGO-V.
'ill Ijl- in Ori son City on Saturdays.
.Nov. : :ll
V Y. 310 HE LAM),
OHEiiOX city, om:(;o..
DaEGON CITY, - - ORECCN.
WOFFICK-Tharman's brick. Main st.
ouiarlST :t t.
ATTORNEYS VXD 10ENSELURS AT-LAW.
Oregon City, Oregon.
iWill practice in all the Courts of the
tf.t. Wix'oial attention rivcn to cases in
tile U. S. lindOlllcf at dn-gon City.
L. T. 13 A 11 I ZST,
OR EG OX CITY. : : OR EG OX.
OFFICE Over Tope's Tin Store, Main
ft rot. 21mar7J-tt.
J. T. APPERSOW,
OFFICE IX POSTOFFICE BUILPIXG
l&i;nl Tenders, Clnrkamas f'oiinly Or
der, and Oregon City Orders
BOUGHT AJTD SOLD.
Ixivins neifijti.ited. Collections attended
to, and a Ueneral r.rokea.e business curried
NOTARY run LIC.
Monev ! ronoy !
"AfoXEY TO LEND IN SUMS OF $TM.
n I'nn City. March 10, 1874.
isiH3tf JOHNSON A MrCOWX.
BT TUAY.NK WOKTlii
The meadows thrill with varied life
Where freshly springs tlie elover;
The woods wit li ceaseless songs are rife,
And misty March is over.
The foggv damps of other days
Have lifted surely, slowly,"
And onlv left a golden haze,
To veil the valleys lowly.
The morning air is full of scents.
From fragrant llowersthe promise
That we shall have fair recompense,
Tho' April too slips from us.
The mountain streamlet chants n hymn
Amid its frothy Hushes,
'In shadow deep and pure, hut dim,
In sunshine smiling Hashes.
All Nature ijlows from point to peak
With joyful, new reflection.
And myriad tongues around us speak
This vernal resurrection !
Oh soul of mine, thy flowers attune
To praise this prelitation
Of lile removed, where endless bloom
Attests thv full salvation!
The District Frauds.
SOME POINTED EVIDENCE SHOWINU HOW
CONTRACTS WERE FIXE1 UP WHEN
TROUBLE CAME ON THE HOARD OF
Washington Special to Chicago Tribune.
"Washington, April 2. At the
morning session of the District of
Columbia Investigating Committee
several witnesses were examined as
to the value of the real estate in
the eastern section of the city, which
lias been subject to a general sewer
tax, cf 2 cents per square foot, to
show that the tax amounts to a large
part of the real value thereof. Miv
Todd, of Boston, testified that he
owns improved property. in the east
ern section of tho city, which is as
sessed at about SiD.OUO, and that the
aggregate of his taxes this year, in
cluding the special improvements,
sewer and general taxes, is over
3Ir. Severance, a civil engineer of
forty years standing, who has been
making measurements and calcula
tions for the memorialists, testified
that (Jen. Uabcocfc had doubled the
measurement of the roadway around
ltawlins Square, and charged the
(overnrnent for just twice the
amount of work that had been done
Wdliani K. Knox is contract-clerk
of the Board of l'nblic Works, and
ha;; held the position since January
1st 172. The object of bringing
forward this witness was to prove
the- allegation in the first charge of
the memorialists, which is that the
Board of Public Works had not com
plied with the law in the execution
of contracts; and notwithstanding
the painful squirming and prevariea
tion'of the witness, ho was compelled
to admit all that was charged against
the Board, lie went further, and
told of things not dreamed of by the
memorialists, and was sustained by
Governor Shepherd and Col. Har
rington, who, discovering the wretch
ed condition into which the witness
had twisted himself, boldly acknowl
edged what he had sworn to. Knox
admitted that the contractors were
not compelled to -sign their contracts
and perfect their bonds, in many
instances, until after the work was
done; that they received their pay
while the contracts and bonds were
in imperfect shape; that contracts
entered into in lb7'2 were not pot foot
ed in a great many cases until LS71;
that thirty or forty contracts had
been perfected since the investiga
tion was begun; finally, to cap all,
he swore that he himself had car
ried contracts to Henry D. Cooke
within a few weeks and had that
gentleman sign them as Governor of
the District, and this notwithstand
ing Henry 1). Cooke was succeeded
as Governor by Alexander Shepherd
over four moths ago. Witness also
admitted that no bonds were ever
attached to the numberless contracts
held by C. E. Evans, but explained
that the bonds, with Mrs. C. E.
Evans as suretv, were in the ollice of
Will iam A. Cooke, Attorney for the
District. He accounted for the ab
sence of a bond in the DeGollyer A:
McClclland contract, by stating that
Wm. A. Cooke held a mortgage bond
against the contractors.
Counsel for the memorialists claim
that they have only just begun to
show their hand, and promise w ithin
the next few days to present evidence
of fraud and corruption on the part
of the District authorities which
will startle the entire nation. The
friends of the Shepherd Government
since the developments of yesterday
and to-day', have ceased blustering
about the innocence of their pets,
and display an intense anxiety to
conciliate the independent corres
pondents, whom, a few weeks back,
they thought were having too much
swing iu this town.
Before closing this report, it may
be well to state that there is just
cause for complaint acrainstthe char
acter of the reports of the investiga
tion sent from this cit-v by the Asso
ciated Press. When it is'stated that
these reports are furnished by one
f YCSi v ho is u clork of tllt Bo;ml
ot 1 ul.hc works, further comment
on their liability an,l fairness is un
necessary. Not DisTntM-T, mm t-
l.. i T -"-"ere is a uan-
d Si ge d t0 the effwt t"t a partv
desiring to transact some Jivatn
1 ... " fJiue
wiui another w
as invited bv
they don't advertise
Bboen to Pieces. A little girl
ran out to meet her father, as he was
on his way home yesterday, exclaim
ing: Ta, I declare, somebody haa
broken kitty all to pieces." An ex
amination disclosed the fact that
j lonrteen mue lhomases and pussies
Lad been added to the feline familv.
"'L, u lo wl him into a
Stfnrtri"tf St ."Vnt -ill be
disturbed there " said the first partv.
"Oh, no," said tho i
The Ciangers Kxposed.
Some audacious fellow- gives -tho
fol owing exposure of the mysterious
initiation ceremonies practiced by
the-Patrons oMlusbandry :
On being brought into the ante
room of the lodge (Greengrocer tem
ple No 101.) I was told 1 had been
ballotted for and accepted. Mv in
formant, who was masked bv what I
atterward learned was a burdock leaf
perforated with holes for eves, told
me that if I valued my life "it would
be necessary to strip. As I did con
sumer that of considerable worth to
me, as he italicised his wishes by
carelessly plying with a seven-shooter,
I withdrew from my garments
with eagerness. JIv masked friend
then furnished me with the regalia
of the first degree called the "Pes
tive Plow Boy" which consisted
merely of one large cabbage leaf at
tached to a waist-band of potatoe
vines. In this airy costume I was
conducted to the door, where my
companion gave three distinct raps,
(I was securely blindfolded bv bind
ing a slice of rutabaga over each eve) .
A sepulchral voice from within'in
quired, 41 Who comes Y"
My guide answered, "A youthful
agriculturist who desires to become
Sepulchral voice "Have you look
ed him carefully over?"'
Guide "I have, noble gatekeep-
S. " . " Do yon find anv agricul
tural marks about his person "
Guide "I do."
S- Y. "What are they."
Guide "Tho candidate has carrot v
nair, redisli whiskers and
S. .'Tis well
Whv do von
i.esne to oecome a ii ranger?
Guide (Answering for the candi
date) "Tlurt I may thereby better be
enabled to harrow up the feelings of
the rascally politicians."'
V. "You will bring in the can
didate. My worthy stripling, as you
cannot see, I will causo you to feel
that you are received at the door.on
the three points of a pitchferk, pier
cing the region of the stomach,
which is to teach you three great
virtues Faith, Hope and Charity.
Faith in yourself, hope for cheaper
farm machinery, and charity for the
lightning rod peddler. You will
now be harnessed, and in the repre
sentation of the horse, Pegassus.will
be tested as to endurance and wind."
(The candidate is here attached to
a small imitation plow, by means of
a hempen harness. A dried pump
kin vine is put in his mouth lor a bit
and bridle he is made get down on
all-fours, the guide seizes the bridle,
and urged on by a G ranger armed
with a Canada thistle which he vig
orously p2iies'to the terminus of
the spine, the candidate galloped
three times around the r7om. While
making the circuit the members rise
(.Jot and dust, you bully buy
Who would n't tie a ( J ranger V
If the thistle's prick don't' cause vou
To feeling you must be est ranged, ah I
After this violent exercise he is
rubbed dry with corn cobs, then
beeswaxed where thistled, and
brought up before the great chief,
the Most Worshipful Pumpkin
Head ) .
M. W. P. II. "Why do you de
sire to be a Granger?"
Candidate (answering for himself)
"That I may learn to extinguish
sewing machine agents."
M. W. P. II. - Have your hands
been hardened with toil ?"
Candidate "Not extensively, but
I am not running for office."
M. W. P. II." Tis well, for in our
lodges several who are supposed to
be ready to sacrifice themselves for
the good of their constituents. Do
yon feel pretty smart this evening?"
Candidate -"Y'es, where the bustle
M. W. P. II. (savagely) "Give
me a chaw of tobaeker."
Candidate searches himself thor
oughly, but as there is no place
about him to stick a pocket, tries to
explain, but the Most Worshipful
Pumpkin Head interrupts him with
"Never mind, my dear young
friend, I am well aware that in your
present condition you can no more
furnish your friend with the weed
than Adam could be comfortable in a
ping hat and tight boots. It is merely
to learn you one great lesson of gener
osity doing to others as you would
have them do to you. You will now
be conducted to the Most Eminent
Squash producer, who will teach you
the Grand Hailing Signal of Distress.
This sign, my dear brother w ill on
sure yon against many of the ills of
the agriculturalist; and among others,-against
droughts and being bit
by the ferocious grasshopper."
The candidate is now being con
ducted to the Most Eminent Squash
Producer, who thus says: "My
worthy brother, I will how invest
you with the order of the Festive
Plow Boy, which you have well won
by your heroic achievements while
harnessed. May you ever wear it
with pleasure to yourself, and may it
be a means of terror to. your ene
mies." (The M. E. S. P. then proceeds to
invest the candidate with the regalia
of the Festive Plow Boy, which con
sists of a long tomato necklace.)
"The Grand Hailing Sign of Distress
is made bv gently closing the left
eve, laving tho right forefinger along
tiie nose, and violently wagging the
ears. It requires practice, but the
advantages are immense. It has also
an important signification which you
willdo well to heed. The elosingof the
eve signifies that in all your dealings
with mankind you are bound to have
an eve to business. Laying your
finger alongside the nose is emblem
atical of wisdom, and places you at
once among the "knowing ones."
This is extremely handy in prognos
ticating the weather, and saves tear
COURTESY OF BANCROFT LIBRARY,
UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA,
of almanacs. Wagging your rars
signifies sublimity of purpose, and is
thought to be emblematical of child
hood's happy hours. It is also sup
posed by some profound scholars to
have a distrinct reference to apple
dumplings, but this fact is somewhat
obscured by the dust of ages. In
token that you are one of us, you will
now be branded. This ceremony is
very impressive, and consists of two
brands. They are both applied while
the iron is hot, and consist of one
letter of the alphabet each. The first
is the largee letter S, on which you
will please sit while the other is ap
plied to the stomachs The letter S,
my worthy chicken, signifies scoop
ed, and refers to railroad monopolies.
It is also supposed t indicate the
seat of learnig tho spot where the
old-time school teacher hunted for
brains with the ferule. Tile second
letter is C, and is applied, as I said
before, to the stomach. It has a
double meaning. First,-the applica
tion is an agricultural one ' Corn
Crib' and has reference to the stom
ach as being the great receptacle for
Bourbon wi.isky. But, my bi other,
be not diligent in finding a homo
market for your corn. The second
application of the letter C, my dis
tracted infant, is got hold as follows:
When one Granger desires to ascer
tain for sure if there is another of
the order in the room, he raises him
self gently by the slack of his unmen
tionables, scratches his olf thigh with
his near hoof, and says in a voice of
thunder, 'Are there any Grangers
about?' The answer is Meeswax.'
The inquirer then says, 'Let us see,'
(letter C), and the other party must
immediately pull out his stomach
and disclose the brand.
These brands are applied in such a
manner that I am enabled to show
you that they will wash.
I was hero interrupted by a volley
tired into the window evidently in
tended for me. But fortunately I
escaped without a scratch, and which
is of more consequence, succeeded
in fetching off my previous manu
script. This is about all there is in the
ceremony of any importance. I
must leave the country at once; arm
ed men are at my heels; they know
1 am writing this to expos them.
You may hear again from me by mail,
if I should deem it safe toexpose the
other degrees. Lrntil then, adieu.
From vour scared friend,
Xotici:. The ceremony of initia
tion is used during the absence of
the lady members. The initiatory
ceremonies are entirely diU'erent for
them, being very much simplified. as
it should be.
That I'!xiIinat Ion liposed of.
The BnUetiit tries to exphdn away
the damaging fact that under Gov.
Grov r's Administration the cost to
the Stale for keeping convicts is
only about '-lot) per convict, against
Si. 4.00 under the Administration of
Woods. Tins llnlh-Hits explanation
consists in an attempt to show .that
the earnings of th prison are figur
ed up to a large amount by a system
of estimating the convict labor em
ployed on the Penitentiary at a high
figure: and it is by putting such
labor in the account at from 8- to
84 oO per day that the earnings of
the Prison are made to reach so large
There is no answer to this; and
now observe how conclusive it is of
the dishonesty and falsity of the ex
planation. The principal item on
the credit side of the Penitentiary
account is brick. These are estimat
ed at so much per thousand the
exact figure we do not remember,
but it is a low one. These brick are
a marketable production at the rates
charged, and are as proper an item
of credit to the Penitentiary as the
cash received from them would be,
had they been sold in the market as
was the practice under Woods. The
other labor in the Penitentiary ac
count is charged for at the rates cor
responding to its actual value. To
suppose there is any other reason for
charging at any other rate is so silly
as to be contemptible; for, let it be
remembered that this labor goes to
swell the account where it is used.
If the course mentioned by the P ni
hil n had been pursued, one account
would be favored at the expense of
another. Such a system, while it
might make a favorable showing for
the management of tho convicts,
would make an unfavorable one for
the Penitentiary and Capitol build
ing's account. The fact is, the
showing is favorable all around.
The Penitentiary is a remarkably
cheap structure, when its character
is considered. It is doubtful if a
private contractor could be found
who would undertake to construct a
similar building at the figure which
covers its construction. If the con
vict labor employed on it had been
charged for at more than its value,
as the Bulletin suggests, the building
would have been expensive, and
Governor Grover would "have been
charged with extravagance, waste,
jobbery, etc. So of the State Capi
tol building. The work, so far, is
below the architects' estimates.
There is not another instance of the
kind in all public experience or
private experience either, for that
The Bulletin probably never
thought of this. It probably never
realized that the State Administra
tion could not, by this method, lake
off at cue point without adding to
another. Great liars should have
sense, as well as long memories.
Nice Calculations. It is calcu
lated that it t ikes a domesticated fly
a two billionth part of a second to
Avink, while an industrious mosquito
can do it in one-tenth of that time.
An ever Vigilant Sentinel.
While Democrats have great rea
son to be proud of their representa
tives on the floor of the United
States Senate, as a body, for there
is no one of them we now remember
not creditable on the score of patri
otism and ability, Ave regard Bayard
of Delaware, as one of the foremost
in his vigilant guardianship of the
constitutional rights of the people
against the invasions of centralism.
lleeently the Senate took up for
consideration the bill to facilitate
the execution of and to protect cer
tain public works at the mouth of
the Mississippi river, which had
been reported from the Committee
on Commerce, with amendments.
In the course of the debate, Mr.
Bayard, with his characteristic good
I sense and keen perception of logic
al results, said:
I know very well how one step
leads to another; I know very well
how one precedent established is
made the stepping-stone for a still
longer stride. The question of the
control of the harbors of this coun
try is a very delicate and a very im
portant one. The lines of States
meet closely upon the great livers.
The harbors that lie on either side of
those rivers are subject to the mixed
jurisdiction of the two States; and
if it can be found that we may thus
hand over to the Secretary of War
exclusive jurisdiction of any harbor
under the pretext of improving it,
then we may sometimes find the
right of control by a Stafe ousted
under the same pretext and by the
Tin: harbor of the great city of
Xew York is one that affords a very
strong illustration of what I now
moan. No man can visit that harbor,
so important us it is to the commerce
of this country, and of a great por
tion of the world, without being
driven to the belief and conviction
that the best harbor at that port is
on the Xew Jersey side of the river.
I think part of the difficulty which
the committee that sat in New York
two years ago saw, as causing the
trouble which in part were intended
by our investigation to rectify, was
the intent by means of the machinery
of the collection of customs at the
city of New York to oveicome the
natural advantages which the State
of New Jersey and her coast derived
at that port; and for that- reason
there was favoritism employed to
counterbalance in favor of the city
of Xew York, and persons residing
there, tho advantages which nature
had bestowed upon the State of New
Jersey and her coast.
I submit to the Senate, and all
Senators who are interested in defin
ing and preserving the hues of State
jurisdiction, that it is proper for
them to look closely, to look careful
ly at any precedent which shall seek
to give one of the executive officers
of the Government, as the Secretary
of War. the right to have exclusive
control and jurisdiction, and in his
case that means, of course, military
eontrol and jurisdiction over the
harbors in any State in this country.
They may find, and, I, think, thcy
wilf find," that there will be the at
tempt by this means of indirection
to oust the local control from its
proper exercise. I for one, stand
always jealous of the accretion of
executive power in this manner.
A SociAum: Govf.knok. Governor
Powell, of Kentucky, was never au
orator, but his conversational story
telling and social qualities were re
markable. His great forte lay in
establishing a personal intimaey
with every one he met, and in this
way he was powerful iu electioneer
ing. He chewed immense quantities
of tobacco, but never carried the
weed himself, and was always beg
ging it of every one he met. His
residence was in Henderson, and in
coming up the Ohio past that place
a gentleman overheard the following
characteristic anecdote of him.
A citizen of Henderson, coming
on board, fell into conversation with
a passenger, who made inquiries
"He lives in your place, I believe,
" Y'es, one of our oldest citizens."
" Very sociable man. ain't he?"
" Well I throught so; I think he
is one of the most sociable men I
ever met in my life wonderfully
sociable. I was introduced to him
over at Grayson Springs last summer
and he hadn't been with me ten min
utes when he begged all the tobacco
I had, got his feet up in my lap, and
spit all over mc remarkably so
ciable." Siiocli he O vkkhauli;!). The
House of Representatives is talking
about inquiring into the Alaska fnr
seal business. That, in the opinion
of the New York St, is probably
.the richest, most rascally and most
oppressive monopoly under the Gov
ernment of the United States. Alas
ka exists only to afford a field of ac
tivity and a mine of wealth to the
few speculators who own it. That
country cost the Treasury seven mil
lions, and as yet no return has been
derived from it except the fortunes
conferred upon Hutchinson, Kohl fc
Co., to whose tender mercies the
Territory and its inhabitants have
been committed. It is time the thing
was overhauled ami the mischief
sternly correctly; but if Congress
does this we shall be surprised.
Pkodccts of the Distilleriks.
The distilleries of the country for
the last fiscal year pro.iuced 08,000,
000 gallons of spirits. There were
over 445 of them, in which about
870,000,000 capital was invested, 70,
000 men employed, aud nearly 20,
000,000 bushels of grain consumed,
four-fifths being corn. The commo
dities produced yielded nearly 850,
000,000 taxes to the country.
Crantlsm a Failure.
G ood gove rn m e n t s al way s prod u ces
content and prosperity. Grant's has
Suppose it has. What mean the
complaints we hear everywhere ?
What caused a large body of the Re
publican partv- to secede? Was it not
the desire for a reform of scandalous
abuses? Was the civil Service lie
form anything more than a grand
deception? In what way has Louis
iana been benefitted by executive
interference ? How about the Cuban
Embroglio? How much did it re
dound to the respeet and honor of
tho United States? What has been
done to purify the Interior Depart
ment? What has been done to bring
these public depredators to justice?
The War Department certainly needs
some whitewashing to purify it from
the proceeds of bartered arms and
falsified accounts. What ha3 been
done as yet to effect it? What about
the mismanagement of the Post
Office Department. Why is not this
service made self-sustaining ? Will
is there not an exposure of the rob
bery connected with the public print
ing? C 5 rant's government has signally
failed in being economical or honest.
It has failed to make the United
to be honored or respected at home
or abroad. It has failed so far as it
were possible, in every thing it has
undertaken. The country lias pros
pcred somewhat in spite of the gov
ernment. The great financial crisis
is justly attributable to the bungling
management of the Treasury De
partment. The Indian Policy in
regard to the Modocs was certainly
a failure. The carpet-bag robberies
in the South was the legitimate out
growth of the extravagance and ve
nality at Washington. The Credit
Mobillier swindle and Back Pay grab
must not be forgotten. The repeal
ing of the back pay grab has been a
failure, so far as persuading the peo
ple that the disgorgers are honest
and upright men.
Grant's centralization of power,
disregard of the provisions of Con
stitution, his disrespect of the rights
of the citizens of Wisconsin, as in
stanced in the Winnebago outrage,
are acts subversive of the fundamen
tal principles of just government.
Shall we puncture this festering
carcass further? The emanations are
of the most disgusting character.
Let us endeavor by all right means
to dethrone the most iniquitous par-
ty which has ever controlled the
destiny of any enlightened country.
A Law Breaking Funr. The writ
ten report of the special agents of
the Internal Revenue Department,
has been filed at Washington in the
office of the Commissioner of Inter
nal Revenue. The agents appear to
have thoroughly canvassed the whole
subject, and their report is made in
detail, without fear or favor. From
it. it appears that the liquor house
at the head of which ia Governor
Senator Booth of California stands
charged with serious frauds upon
the revenue. The agents report that
they made a thorough canvass of
Sacramento, and examined the books
of the rectifiers, wholesale dealers,
cigar manufactures, and breweries
in that vicinity, and they say their
investigation convinces them that
that the house of Booth fc Co. was
especially derelict in its duties to the
Government; that this establishment
has made no entry of the spirits
received or sent on since April 10th,
1N73, although doing the largest bus
iness of any liquor house in Sacra
mento. The clerk of Gov. Booth's
wholesale whisky-mill said he was
informed by a revenue officer that it
was not necessary to keep the Gov
ernment book, but the presumption
is that the clerk was not telling the
truth, as he was unable to tell who
the officer was. Pretty business for
the chief of tho reform party to be
in. swindling the Government of its
Oiuoin of the Term. "Printer's
Devil." When Aldus Manutius set
up in business as a printer in Venice
he came into possession of a little
negro boy. This boy was soon
known all over the city as "the little
black devil," for at that time, ne
groes were not often seen in Venice,
and some of the most ignornt people
believed him to be either an embodi
ment or an emissary of Satan, who
aided Aldus in the work of his pro
fession. One day Manutius, desir
ing to dispel this strange and spread
ing opinion, displayed this young
imp publicly to the poorer classes,
making this short but characteristic
speech: "Be it known to you and to
all Venice, that I, Aldus Manutius
printer to the Holy Church and the
Dodge have this day made exposure
to all of the printer's devil. And if
any think he is not like us, flesh and
blood, they may come and pinch
him, and they will find that though
he is black Le is human."
There is a disgraceful railroad case
now before the courts in Georgia.
Before the war, one of the most pros
perous and pofitahle railroads in
that State was the Western ana At
lantic Railroad, in which the State
was a largo proprietor, and from
which it received nearly 81,000,000
annually. When Bullock was Gov
ernor, and things were carried on in
the usual carpet-bag style, the plun
dering of this road was determined.
The Legislature directed it to be
leased to the responsible bidder who
would pay the highest rental. One
company bid a rental of $34,000 a
moith, while another company of
wliich Secretary Delano and Simon
Cameron are members, bid 25,000
a month. Bullock, the Governor,
awarded the lease to the Delano
Cameron Company, and now- the
other company appeals to the Courts
The Xigjrers in Congress.
The Washington correspondent of
Kansas City .Times has this to say of
the negro element in Congress:
The negro element in the House ia
worth a passing cotuent. They have
seats on the Republican side, and
are grouped pretty well togatherl
W ith one exception they are black,
and never partake in debate save ta
interject an occasional remark in in
terrupnion of some Democrat who
may be speakincr on th Hi'vil T?;lo
bill, or some question particularly
affecting their race. And yet there
are plenty of people to be found who
really believe, and, what is more, -assert
that suT'h colored men a Elli
ot, of South Corolina, are the peers
of the ablest white members of eith
er House, quoting in proof his speech
the other day in advocacy of the Ci
vil Rights bill. Tnis is too good "a
joke to be lost, for not only did Elli
ot never write a line of that speech G
Hoar or Massachusetts, having
owned up to its authorship but ho
never saw it until the night before it
was delivered when Ben Butler, who
had business at home, sent it to him
iu a box, like a common express
package. Elliot thereupon rigge(L
up three looking glasses in his own?
room, locked tlie door to all but his
most intimate friends, and spent tho
night in practicing a graceful deliv
ery of Mr. Hoar's rhetoric. These
are facts now widely known. O It is
also a noticable, though not -a sur
prising fact to those acquainted with
negro character, that in . matters o
finance and other questions having a
mathematical bearing, tho colored G
members have never been known ta
say a word (back pay and salary-
grabbing alone excepted ) . As serv
icable, inteligent law makers, they
do not even pretend to hold place,
but vote blindly with whattnight be.
called the commune wing of their
uartv and of which Butler is the
Grant's Insult to South Carolina A
Gross IJhcl lie luted.
We have been permitted to make
the following extracts from a letter
from a gentleman in Washington,
who is high in the councils and con-,
lidence of tho National Democratic
"There, is a delegation here frosu
South Carolina, composed of hef
most estimble and distinguished cit
i7ens, asking for some relief from,
tlie system of brigandage miscalled
government to which they are sub
jected, and in which United States
officials and executive power are tho
chief instruments. Hat in hand, and
with almost "bated breath," they
went, under the ausriic.es of Mr. Fish
to visit the foot-stool of power, and!
were received dutrllsJtlyilnotbriiiaUy
"There was not a touch of gentleness,
or pity for these people over whom
the plowshare of war and revolution
had so roughly passed. Their very
misfortunes would challenge tender)
ness and consideration, even from,
strangers; but the great 'trust of
power seems utterly incomprehensi
ble to Grant, and he was almost in
sulting to them. Tom Murphy and.
Ben Butler are much more congen,
"By the way, speaking of Butler, I
saw, the other day, iu the hands of a
Californian, a San Francisco paper (I
forget its name, but he said it was
one of Booth's organs), which charg-O
ed the Uemocrats in the Senate with
voting in a body for Simmons as
Collector of Boston, in aid of Butler.
"Now I think I can speak very
definitely of what is understood hero
in the best-informed Democratic
quarters, as to the course of our
Senators in executive session on the
Simmons case. I can say that the'
charge is a gross libel upon them.
They would all be glad to see the
present Administration replaced by
a better one, but Butler's influences
are among the worst features of the
present Administration, and nothing
could induce the great body of the
Democratic Senators to use such un
lawful weapons in political warfare,
as to strengthen hands like his to
overthrow the more respectable por
tions of his party. Examiner
All Steal. Tho Washington
correspondent of tho Cincinnati
Gazette tells this: Oakes Ames said 0
the wittiest thing to Mr. Niblack of
Indiana that has been said on the
salary-grab. After voting for tho
previous question, Mr. Niblack said,
as he passed him, just after voting
yes, "Mr. Ames, you go for the in-r
crease?" "Yes," answered Mr. Ames,
"it don't hurt me, 3-011 know. I
have nothing to lose now; but, con
fidentially, this is a bigger steal than
Credit Mobilier," "How so?" asked
Niblack. "Well, the men who had
that did pay a little something for
it, but this is all steal."
In the South Carolina Legislature
a special committee has reported
that at the last session the amount
appropriated for public printing
amounted to 8595,000. All of this
except 8100,000 for publishing tho
laws was paid to the 'Republican
Printing Company," which was
found to be composed solelv of tho
Clerk of the Senate and the Clerk of
the House. Competent- judges have
declared that the work can be done
for SoO.OOO, and an offer to do it for
that sum has been made, the ring
stands a good chance of losing its jobp
Were Wealthy. Ben ine asked
O'Shea: "How is it that the most re
liable account of the deluge makee
no mention of Irishmen being taken
into the ark?" "Divil the one was
there," said O'Shea. "How, then,
was the race perpetuated?" queried
Ben. "Faith," said O'shea, "ia
those days the Irish were wealthy,
apd had e boat of their ows,