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' , , 7,
OREGON CITY, OREGON, FRIDAY, APIRL 3, 1874.
1 iii 6 , IP, i I P i i
v v j. - i i i i w i
! Ik M
JAL DEMOCRATIC NEWSPAPER
Farmer, Business Man, & Family Circle.
ISSUED KVKItY RID AY.
ED IT 011 A XI) PUBLISHER.
OFFICIAL PAFES FOR CLACKAMAS CO.
OFI-'ICK In Ir. The.ssinjj's Krick, next
doort-o John Myers' store, up-stairs.
: TrrniH of Subscription t
fclnslv Copy On Year, In Advance 52.50
Six Mont Jis" " 1.5
Tt-ria.4 of Advc-itUIng:
Transnt al v ri is- mrnts, inchulin
all I 'ra 1 notices, squar.' oi
lines one week
For suljs"'iuent insertion
On Column, ono year
Dusiiiess Card, 1 siuaiv, one year...
Ii U S I a s .V V A Tl I) s.
PHYSICIAN AM) Sl'RGEOX,
o 1-: a o x c i r r, o n a a o x.
tfi ,ni.- Co
Ma in Street.
an -I Itt.
W. H. VATKKJS, til. D.
7"i)!!-"I( 'K lil ! Fellow's Ti'inil-orner
First n l Alii t streets. II 'siuence corner
of .Main ami S veiith str -ets.
rs. Welch & Thompson,
U ii l i
i ST 5,
O J) 1 F E L L () 1"S T E M P L E,
Corner of First ami AMer Str -ets,
paitTi.vM - - o:is:t-o..
WiHle in Orvron City on Saturdays.
.Nov. i At
9. IICKI.A r.
C1IAS. !:. WAIIItKN.
gl 'U L. i a . v -lt.i
Ch trnian's brick, Main st.
J OH U 5 O N & r.1 c 3 o w : J
ATTORNEYS AM) ITlN.SEL"!$ AT-LAW.
l" ' - rr
7"Vill joractice in all th" Cniirtol Hie
State. Mp -eial alt -ntion ivn lo eases m
the V. S. Land u:lic at r -on City.
. Tj. T. 1 1 A II I T,
OREGOX CITY, : : OR EG OX.
; Tin Stf-re,
J. T. AFPSRSOr3,
OFFICKIN POSTOFFICE HUIMUXO.
I.cr" J Tfiidrrs, lackaniai County Or
tiers, ami On'oii City Onli rs
BOUGHT AND SOLD.
1 3 LIC
- Loans negotiated. Collections attended
to. and a General Urokea-e business carried
X 0 T A Y r u r L I c,
W. II. 1IIGIIFIEL1).
E4tabllsled since ' 1!, at I lie olil stand.
Main Street, Or,'?oii City, Ort-jrou.
goo An assortment of Wat bos, Jewel
yZ?i rv.aiul Set.li Thomas' Weight Clocks
J. Jlti all of which arj warranted to bo as
Jr Key.airin; done on short notice, ami
.hanltful for past patronage.
A. C. VALLiWC'S
PIONEER BOOK BINDERY.
IMttocU.' llniltliiir Corner of Stark
mill I-'ront Si tee Is.
UKANK HOOKS KULKh AND KOUXI)
r jiiiv desired pattern. Music books.
Tkfair zines. Newspapers, etc., ImiuihI iuev-
rv:irietv of s vie known to the trrade.
Orders from the untry promptly at
OREGON CITY BREWERY.
TM'IN'lr rr tCUAS- 'il W-C i
I I fd th abovo r.r'W-
.r.- ukhoc to inform til" public that he is
now prepared to manutacture a No. lqual-
yC LAGER BEER,
be obtained anywhere In
the Utate. Orders solicited and promptly
HEW YORK HOTEL.
Vd. 17 Front Street. Opposite the Mail
POKTUM), OH EG OX.
H.R0TIIF05, J. J.AYILKENS, Proprietors-
B"rrt p Week Si.fO
Hoarii-p Vek with Lod-in- ti-'k)
Bird Dav r.....?. l-Oo
;rai:t ai.il IJutler.
The disturbing causes which J wr
ing the last two years have threaten
ed to divide, if not to disrupt, the
Republican party in Massachusetts,
the New York Sui declares, are
again revived in a new and intense
form. Twice have conventions fresh
from the people squelched the sellisli
ambition and presumptuous preten
tions of the maker of this discord.
But he will not stay bottled up.
Transferring his operations from
Massachusetts to Washington, where
he is better fitted to shine, Gen.
Butler has succeeded in forming a
close alliance with Gen. Grant, and
has become the dominant influence
at the White House. His word is
law, and his wish the governing pol
icv. The two Senators and the bulk
of the respectable delegation in the i
House count tor nothing as against
hi. 4 demands. The President turns
his back upon them, throws their
remonstrances into the waste basket,
and surrenders to the hero of Fort
Tisher. This would be bad enough
in its personal aspect, but being ag
gravated by public and political con
siderations it is doubly offensive.
In all New Hngland the Federal
office of foremost importance is the
Collectorship of Customs at Boston.
It lias always bc-en lille.i by an emi
nent man in the various changes of
parties. Suddenly, and to the sur
prise of the whole community, an
obscure politician, without commer
cial training or standing, and wholly
unknown except as an instrument of
Butler, in nominated to tjiis respon
sible place by the President.
The press with one voice and unu
sual vigor protest against the ap
pointment as not lit to be made.
The merchants of Boston unite ear
nestly and condemn it as a wrong ;
and finally the Board of Trade send
a most influential delegation to
Washington to confer with the Pres
ident in person, in the hope of in
ducing him to reconsider this act.
Gin. Grant's answer to all this
opposition is a direct insult ; for he
has said that the objections to Sim
mons are mainlv founded upon hos
tility to Butler. He has 'wilfully
closed his ears to the reasons of un
fitness which have been addressed to
him from all quarters, and the con
sequences that iDii.4 attend the con
tinuation of one who has no moral
It is perhaps bet that things
should take this turn. Massachu
setts obstinately adhered to Grant in
the face of the clearest proof of his
incompetency and venality. She
even proscribed Mr. Sumner in her
abject submission to his vindictive
hatred. Butler is the lit represen
tative oi tirautism, ana tlierctore
worthy to control the patronage of
this Administration. Notorious as a
jobber in legislation and a benefic
iary of infamous contracts like those
of Sanborn, it is becoming that he
should stand out as the recognized
leader of the Kepubiican House of
Beprcsentatives, and the chosen con
fidant of a President who does not
respect the commonest properties of
his great office.
Now that Massachusetts is made
to feel indirectly in this manner the
eifects of that degrading despotism
which has subjected Houisiana to
the rule of a crew of desperate ad
venturers and rogues, and South
Carolina to the rapacity of organ
ized thieves and the supremacy of
the lowest ignorance, perhaps her
sympathies may become keener and
ier toleration more generous. At
all events this lesson will have its
An Old IMMiccr.
Some time since there was con
siderable debate in the papers as
to who was the oldest pioneer in
the State, and we believe it
was never lully settled. All
this time, an old entlem in atCham
poeg quietly read the .statements
made in favor of various pfentlemen,
too modest to rush into print. Last
eveuin" lie culled, in company with
our agent, Mr. Chas. lVlland, who
introduced him. His name is 3).
Man son, Sr., and he is a rugged, fine
looking old Scotchman, with hair
white as snow. In conversation he
is remarkably intelligent, with an
excellent memory. He lirst came to
Vancouver and Oregon in thecmplov
of the Hudson Day Company, in
January, 18'2o, from the Peace river
country. In the previous year he
had been sent to explore the country
between Peace river and' the east
coast, at the mouth of the Stickeen
the scene of the latest gold excite
mentto determine whether it was
profitable to establish posts in the
interior for the fur trade. He found
the country mainly uninhabited, and
with little or no fur bearing animals,
and on his report, no posts were es
tablish! nor have there been since.
Some time after he came Here, the
Hudson liay Company leased from
the Russians that narrow strip of
territory, ten leagues wide, which
runs down the coast south of Sitka,
and, with it the Russian fort at the
mouth of the Stickeen, and changed
its name from St, Dianasins to Fort
rangel. The first factor was the
oldest son of I)r. McLaughlin, who
had not been there long before he
was murdered by one of the servants,
an Iroquois In Mr. Manson
was appointed his successor and
served some years at that post.
Since lb2o Mr M. has lived contin
uously on the Pacific slope He re
lates many interesting incidents of
his experiences in the early times of
the coast, and his memory "is so re
markable that he names p'ersons con
nected with every incident. Being
more than ordinarily intelligent it
would be well worth some one to
interview him and write up the
many facts which he must know con
cerning the early history of the
Sunset Cox on Moths.
The Government of the United
States has some twenty odd million
dollars worth of army clothing,
tents, blankets, etc., in store re
maining supplies of the armv ' dis
banded after the war, and last year
the sum of $350,000 was paid to Geo.
A. Cowles&Co. for use of their anti
moth and mildew process. The
Army Appropriation Bill for the
present year contained an item of
lilt v thousand dollars for the same
purpose, and on the Gth of last
month, when the bill came up for
discussion in the Committee of the
Whole, Sunset Cox moved to amend
by substituting 25,000 which amend
ment not being accepted, called out
one of the raciest and most sarcastic
speeches of the session. He asked
why if the Government has such
immense supplies on hand it should
have expended so much money for
the purchase of new supplies for the
army during the year just closed ; to
which Wheeler replied that the arti
cles on hand were out of fashion.
Cox then suggested as the better
policy, the immediate sale of all thi:3
surplus food for moths, and thus
save the Government annual expen
diture of hundreds of thousands to
preserve goods which our army is
now and probably will be, too proud
to wear. We quote from his speech:
" Wli.it is tiie moth, Mr. Chair
man ? 1 have looked him up and
holding up .an illustrated volume of
Chamber's Encyclopedia, exclaimed
there lie is. There are several kinds.
The moth is a burglar, a noctur
nal rascal. There are many families
of them. It is worth while, since it
costs us nearly half a million to
watch this enemy, to know his pow
er. Lo not think it insignificant,
because it is of the butterlly species.
It bristles with antennae ! Prom base
to apex these antenna? are pect dat
ed, especial !y in the males laughter ;
and they are formidable either in the
larva or chrysalis state, I speak not
of their beauty of color ; I prefer to
refer to the number of their eggs.
If there is one moth I prefer to an
other it is the hawk moth , but the
lackey is the one I have here picto
rially illustrated. The lackey moth
is represented in politics; lirst, by
this belt of eggs ; second, as tlie cat
erpillar ; third, as the puna in the
cocoon, and then the full-Hedged
insect for which we pay so much in
this army bill.
" I will endeavor to read in the
life and character of the moth some
of those attributes which are making
the people regard the Administration
" The real moth that we. have to
deal with, in a political way, is a
combination of the lac-key moth,
which generally haunts the White
House and hovers about t lie purlieus
of power, and the hawk r.ioth. which
is sometimes in the army or educated
there. All these mot hs you will find
have a political and destructive sig
nificance. If you note how they are
hatched ; how they hide in cocoons ;
how they creep into dark places
through crannies; how they go into
closets whore goods are stored ; how
they lie all summer quietly. Laugh
ter, the members gather around the
" Again I read : The little whitish
caterpillars or moth worms proceed
ing therefrom immediately begin to
gnaw the substances within their
reach and cover themselves with the
fragments, shaping them into little
hollow rolls and lining them with
silk. Some pass the summer within
"That is, I suppose go down to
Long Branch, ride in free palace
Pull ican cars, happy in some carry
ing their cocoons about on their
backs and others fastened to the sub
stance they are eating; and they
enlarge them from time to time by
adding portions of the two upon ex
tremeties and by gores set in the
sides, which they slit for that pur
pose. Concealed within their mov
able cases or in their lint cupboard
burrows, they carry on the work of
destruction during the summer
" That is when Congress is not in
session and in the autumn that is
iust before elections they leave oil'
eating, make fast their habitations,
and remain at rest and seemingly
torpid through winter. That, is un
til committees of investigation get
to work. Juarly in the spring they
change to chrysalis within their
cases, and in about twenty days af
terward they are transformed to
winged moths, and come forth and
rly about in the evening
"These are defaulters who go off
without being called to account by
the Administration they come forth
and fly about in the evening till the.y
have paired and are ready to lay eggs.
An examination of the private
bank account of ex-Collector Join.
T. Harper's Chief Clerk, at Spring
held, Illinois, reveals some facts
which would be startling if they
were not so common in the accounts
of Internal Kevenue oilicers. Mr.
Smith swore last Fall that his only
income was 500 annual salary
which lie received as Mr. Harper's
clerk and .?!.( 00 from other sources.
TTis hank-book shows that in the IS
months between April, 1S72, and Oc
tober. 1873. he received in cash and
by drafts on theTekin distillers, the
snug sum of 851, 55G 23
Thf Spott-Smen sbwAO. Within a
little over three years one profession
al revenue informer received for his
delectable services, as his share of
spoils unearthed bv him, something
over SIOO.OOO. r-msequeniiy ne re
cpivp,! ar,.i 000 as his share in one
case. During the same period one
Collector came in for 8400.000, and
a Surveyor and Naval Officer for
S300.000 each. Of a net amount of
S-2,007,K1 4G recovered only 81.020,
221 97 found its way into the Treas-
On the 7th inst., while the tax
bills were tin ler discu -,sion in the
Lower House of Congress, Hon.
Fernando Wood, of New York, made
a telling speech, in which he ar
raigned the Republican party for its
mismanagement and extrava ance.
In conclusion he presented against
its leaders the following indictment,
which will be generally sustained as
a true bill:
1. Through the government of its
creation it has maintained a large
standing army at great expense, dur
ing a time of peace.
2. It has issued and continued a
depreciated, irredeemable paper cur
rency, called legal tenders, without
taking one step toward redemption.
3. It has increased the civil list
from -14,500 persons in 1 SG0, to 8G,('(J0
persons in 187'i.
4. It has usurped by force, the
State authority in several States, pro
ducing anarchy and despotism, and
repudiation, of their monicd obliga
tions. 5. It litis instituted a system of
espionage and oppression in the ex
ecution of the revenue laws which
has resulted in enriching custom
house and other oilicials, without
aiding the public treasury.
. 0. It has created and maintained
direct taxation, which, until its ad
vent to power, has been unknown in
this country since the close of the
7. It has stealthily absorbed the
whole (Jorernmental power of the
country at the Federal Capital, until
all State interests are made subservi
ent and dependent upon its will.
IS. It has driven iroiu circulation
gold and silver, the only constitu
tional nieuium. Ami notwithstand
ing its large receipts in coin from
custom duties and mines, does noth
ing toward its restoration.
J. In disregard of the policy
adopted by other leading nations, it
has permitted the export to loreign
countries of about 81,000,000,000 of
the precious metals, instead of re
taining it here lor its necessities
and for the restoration of a sound
10. It has increased the salaries
of all officials, including that of the
President, which it still inaintins,
though industries are oppressed,
mil poverty goes starving through
11. It has maintained a protec
tive tariff in the interest of a class to
the detriment of the whole people.
12 It has. since iSi'.O. anticipated the
public debt, not due for twenty
years, and paid 810.000,000 for the
privilege- ol doing so, although the
immediate obligations of the Gov
ernment were dishonored, and the
Treasury is now exhausted.
13. It has inaugurated a fatal pol
icy in its treatment of the Indians
part peace and part war by dealing
out moral suasion to the most war
like, and certain death to the most
peaceful, thus adding to the difficul
ties and expenses of a proper settle
ment of this serious question.
14. To divert public attention
from the extent of the prolligacy and
extravagance of itshorde of oilicials,
it protends the establishment of a
rule of civil service reform, which
it applies altogether to a few
clerks at Washington, where there
are no votes to be hud, but ignores
elsewhere, where party services ,as a
reward for office, are required.
15. It has diffused erroneous
ideas of the nature of our Govern
ment to the- youthful and uninform
ed, ami taught by example a general
looscuess of public and private mor
ality, which tends to subvert the
porman.iney of our institutions, and
loosens the foundation stones of so
cial order and public well being.
FMr..vit.vr:ssi:.-(; Position-. "I say,
conductor, do you know that good
looking lady there, with a book?"
'Yes: I have seen her a few times.'
'Ry Jove, she's splendid!'
'Yes, I think .she is.'
'I would like to occupy the scat
'Why don't yon ask her?'
'I don't -know but it would bo out
'It would not if she were willing.
Of course you claim to be a gentle
man?' 'Certainly. If you are acquainted
with her, I should like an introduc
tion ; that is, if you have no objec
tion.' 'Certainly not.'
Fixing himself as attractively and
becomingly as possible lie followed
the conductor, who introduced him
to the lady as follows:
'My wife, Mr. , of Xew York.
who assures me flint he will die be
fore reaching Detroit, if he does not
f;irm your acquaintance.'
The gentleman stammered, grew
red in the face, and muttering out
some excuse, returned to his seat,
leaving the lady and her husband to
enjoy the joke.
" Pa," said a son to his father,
" what is meant by a ' chip of the
old block?'" "Why. my son, do
you ask the question?" "Because I
was in Enfield this morning, and
told them gentlemen while hunting
I saw -fifty squirrels up one tree.
They kept trying to make me say I
did not see but forty-nine; and be
cause I wouldn't say so they said I
was a 'chip of the old block.'"
"Hem! well, my son, they only
meant you were smart and honest,
like your pa. You can go out to
Loxo-WixnEP. At a funeral re
cently held in ixteon street, the offi
ciating clergyman, besides the read
ing of selections from the Psalms
and New Testament, made a prayer
forty minutes long.
Idquor L iu ' - Oldeu Times.
It was one of the doctrines of our
Putitan ancestors tHat
"Man wants but little here below;"
And doubtless they believed
" That little he wants strong."
For a plentiful allowance of beer,
wine, and spirits appeared on their
list of preparations for the voyage.
Suitable persons, approved by the
magistrates for nunc host was a
man of considerable importance in
ye olden time were licensed to
keep ordinaries or taverns, and sell
liquors but were bound by stringent
laws to allow no drunkenness or dis
order on their premises. Indeed,
the guests themselves were not free
from surveillance. We read in Jos
selyn's Voyage to England, " that
if a stranger went into one of these
houses of entertainment, he was
presently followed by one appointed
to that office, who would thrust him
self into his company uninvited, and
if he called for more drink than the
officer thought in his judgment he
could soberly bear away, he could
presently countermand it, and ap
point the proportion beyond which
he could not get one drop."
Some of the old laws for the reg
ulation of tavern are curious. The
following, enacted July 11, 1077, by
the ' Great and general Court,' held
at Plymouth, will serve us a speci
' It is ordered by the Court and
the authorities thereof that none
shall presume to deliver any wine,
strong Liquors, or Cyder to any per
son or persons v. hoe they may sus
pect will abuse the same ; or any
boyes, Girles, or single persons, tho'
pretending to come in the name of
any sicke person, without a note
under the hand of :-;ome sober per
son in whoso name they come ; on
pain of live shillings for every trans
gression. The duo hafe to the Coun
try and the other hafe to enformer.'
Drunkenness was punished by va
rious penalties, which will seem
amusing to us, though doubtless
considered otherwise by those who
incurred them. Here arc a few spec
" Sergeant Perkins, ordered to
carry forty turf t to the fort, for be
"Daniel Clark, found to be an
immoderate drinker, lined forty shil
lings." "John Wedgowood, for being in
the company of drunkards, to be set
in the stocks."
" A man who had often been pun
ished for being drunk was now or
dered to wear a rod D about his
neck for a year."
Such entries may be found scatter
ed through the old court records, and
occasionally reprimands or dismis
sals for drunkenness may be found
on the church records.
Quite a trade had sprung up be
tween the colonies, France and the
West Indies. The colonies export
ed lish, pipe-staves, clapboards, and
received in return wines, rum, and
various other articles. Rev. Increase
Mather, in a sermon preached at
Boston in 1G8G, thus deplores the
introduction and use of rum :
" It is a common thing that la
ter years a kind of Strong Drink,
called rum, has been common
amongst us. which the poorer sort
of people, both in town and country ,
can make themselves drunk with.
Those that are poor and wicked too,
can for a penny or two pence make
themselves drunk. I wish to the
Lord some remedy may be thought
of for the prevention of this evil."
Nearly 200 years have flown by
sir.ee the worthy Mather uttered
this wish, and as yet no remedy has
Terhaps on no member of society
has the labor of a Washington sea
son worse effect than on a young
girl with attractions enough to invite
and vivacity enough to enjoy. Her
father's position entitles her to no
tice ; her own charms compel attrac
tions ;-her circumstances enable her
to reciprocate every courtesy
young, handsome, rich, and a favor
ite, is it a wonder she is dazzled and
intoxicated by the vision opening to
her? She dresses for an indigestible
breakfast at ten, and before that is
quite over she goes to a fashionable
lunching party ; then a third toilet
for calls, and still a fourth for a din
ner party or " German." She docs
not dance on Sunday, but the ill
vcntilated church before noon is
quite as unhealthy ; and then there
are little pious sappers in the even
ing, where she crucifies her appe
tite with terrapin and divers French
dishes. Gradually hollow circles
around her eyes impair the perfect
contour of her face; the beautiful
color which kindled and waned in
her cheeks has gone out altogether,
and she notices that, even though
she stays in bed till twelve, she is
not rested, for sleep is denied her,
or at best comes fitfully and fevered.
Then, though its first suggestion was
repulsive, she begins to renew the
brilliancy of her eves with belladon
na, the hue of her cheeks with paint
to strengthen herself ! with
champagne, and woo rest with chlo
ral. She has made no acquaintances
that avail her aught ; the men of her
set have no ambition above " Ger
man" favors, and the girl's noblest
emotion is vanity. The only side of
life presented to her is one of dan
gerous excitements, false standards,
and complete emptiness. Physical
ly, morally, intellectually, she is
warped and stunted. Washington
Fixed. A man was fined 87 and
costs in Montreal for simply saying.
" By the Lord Harry !" which was
called swearing. Commenting on
it 1 i i ii
tins, an exenange asKs now could a
man put up a stove in that country?
A Living Wonder.
A CHILD TWO AXT A IIAX.F YEARS
WHICH WEIGHS ONE IIO'DKED
From the Glasgow (Ky.) Times.
Our tow n has been for the past
two days unusually excited over the
arrival of the child wonder, in the
person of Dero Rdward Chambers,
who has heretofore had mention in
the columns of the Times.
Dero Chambers, the subject of this
notice was born in Barren County,
on Skegg's Creek on the lltli day of
August 1871, and at the time of his
birth was characterized by. nothing
unusual to ordinary children. When
about three months old he began to
tleshen and soou began to attract
serious attention from his parents
and immediate friends. His accu
mulation of fat has been uninter
rupted, and now he exhibits an obes
ity of huge aldermanio proportions.
W e visited him on yesterday ami
ma.le a careful examination and
measurement, which we give to the
curious public. His parents are the
reverse of their infantile representa
tive so far as physical proportion is
concerned. The father, Smith L
Chambers, is a delicate, spare-made
man of not vigorous look, and weighs
127 pounds ; the mother is small,
delicately built, and weighs 141
Dero. the young giant, stands in
perpendicular measurement thirtv-
seven inches. lhe measurement
around the wrist is ten inches, and
above the elbow sixteen find a half
inches. The leg around the calf
gives a circumference of eighteen
inches, and the thigh the enormous
length around of twenty-eight and
three-quarters, while the hips take
full forty-eight inches of tape to cir
cuit their hugeness. Around the
waist he shows a girth of forty-two
inches. His averdupois pulls down
the scales easily at 118 pounds.
The child is quite intelligent, can
walk with much easier locomotion
than his ponderous, unshapely form
would indicate, and en joys very good
health. For a child of his age, being
as before stated only two and a half
years old, he bids fair, if his life is
prolonged a year or two, to become
one of the most noted human won
ders of the age. His parents are
possessed of only this living child,
although they have had three others
all dying early. One of the deceas-
ed children was very similar 10 xne
one now exercising the curiosity of
A. J list Compliment.
The Baker City Democrat pays the
following just compliment lo Hon.
Jas. II. Slater :
" We have received the proceed
ings of the Union County Conven
tion, but too late for publication.
The vote stood for Hon. Jas. II.
Slater for Congress almost unani
mous, there being only three dis
senting votes. These three votes
were cast for E. S. McComas. From
this it would seem that Mr. Slater
liai.l tl X'- XliCUVtO ill v ill'-'" vviut.,
notwithstanding reports to the con
trary. When such men as .Jas. 11.
Slater can be crushed, or his char
acter tarnished by such a course, it
is time to believe people are crazy
Mr. Slater took the back pay, and
every mothers son, wno are now
howling upon his heels and crying
stop thiel' would undoubtedly
have done the same thing. Mr.
Slater is known throughout Eastern
Oregon, as an upright, honest man,
and also a man of ability. There is
no man east of the Cascades who
has done more for the advancement
of our interests than he has, and his
record while he occupied a seat in
Congress will compare favorably
witli that of any man that has been
sent to Congress fromthe State.
We do not know that Mr. S., is a
condidate for - the nomination for
Congress, but if he should be and
gets the nomination, ho will get a
rousing majority in Eastern Oregon
over all compeditors."
Fifteen Good Habits. 1st. Ab
stinence from tobacco and intox
icants. 2nd. Temperance at meals.
3d. Daily attention to all tho con
ditions of health.
4th. Constant occupation.
5th. Doing at once whatever is re
ouired. Gth. Having a time and place for
7th. Fidelity to all appointments
and duties. ,
8th. Paying for everything in ad
'.Uh. Regular pursuits in sonie
Giving as well,as receiving.
Aiming at harmony iu con
12. Looking always on the bright
Talking on edifying subjects.
A r-tino- alwavs in the right
Realizing the presence of
God at all times.
NoTHixci IX Repose, Rev. Dr.
Arnot, of Scotland, on his return
home from New York, says to his
people that the amazing activity of
the Americans astonished him ; he
saw nothing in repose but the lions
in Central Park, and a friend re
minded him that they were quiet
only because they did not have to
work for their dinner.
Sets Them Forth. Mrs. Robert
Shehee, of Owasso, 111, in a card
setting forth her domestic difficulties
says : " 1 do not so much care about
a man striking a woman with his fist,
but when it comes to taking an axe
to her, it's too much,"
The Xa.ioiiai Liur- i r.-iiic.
San Francisco Examiner.
The proposition which has just re
ceived the endorsement of the Uni-
t(d St:l lull Run.,tn ....,4.. - -
.. Kjtuun: lutiume ,i commis
sion, to be appointed by the Presi
dent, to investigate and prepare a re
port upon the subject of intemper
ance and the effect of prohibitory
laws where they have been in opera
tion, with a view to make such re
port a basis for future Congressional
legislation, has a political as well as
a moral significance. Mr. Morrill,
of Maine, expressed the opinion that
the authority of Congress over this O
subject could not he questioned lo
calise of its relation to the manufac
ture and sale of intoxicating liquor.
The only connection Congress has,
however, with the manufacture and
sale of liquor is to impose a tax
thereon for revenue purposes. If,
because of this relation, Congress
has the implied power to legislate on
the subject from a purely moral view
it seems to us that it might with
equal propriety, if in accordance
with its moral sentiments, forbid per
sons from going to the theatre be
cause it has a right to tax the gross
receipts of such exhibition, or pre
scribe the daily reading of the Bible
in every family because it has the
power to charge drity upon the im
portation of books; or a tax upon
their publication in this country.
It matters nothing in considering;
the question in this connection,
whether prohibitory liquor laws are
to be commended or disapproved,
and there can be no plea of necessity
for remitting that matter to Congress,
as the State Legislatures afford com
petent tribunals for the determina
tion of the question of the merits of
such laws. The serious point of inc
quiry in. considering the proposed
Congressional action is whether Con
gress is not thereby overstepping the
limits of its power. It is true "the
precedents for the exercise of sncho
power are not wanting;-but they are
all recent, and every one has been
resisted as an infringement upon
rights expressly reserved, and apol
ogized for a necessity forced upon
the country by the peculiar exigen- 0
cies of the times. Congressional and
Executive interference with the gov
ernmental machinery and the politi
cal affairs of the States was excused
on the ground of political derange
ment, resulting from the war. Then O
followed the civil rights bills, passe4
and pending, by which all the do
mestic civil relations of the States
are sought to be subjected to the
control of the Federal power. Pub
lic places of amusement and enter
taimnent, public conveyances, and
even the public schools, subjects
which were supposed to be peculiar
ly within the province of State au
thority, are all to be brought within
the domain of Congress. Ntt satis
fied with this, the Federal authority
is now invoked to exercise its usurp
ed power over the morals of the in
habitants of the States. The great
question of how far the sovereign
power may regulate the morsls of
the people, is no longer to agitate
the State Legislatures, but is to be
referred to the decision of Congress
on the flimsy pretext of a remote
connection with the power ofaxa
tion for revenue purposes, and is to
be determined bv a commission ap-
pointud by the Fe lend Executive.
Congress lias set up and pulled down
State governments. It has said who
shall represent the State iu the Fed
eral Congress. It has prescribed
regulations for our hotels; ourthea
tres, our railroad coaches, and our
schools; it has interfered with local
elections; it controls all our money
interests through its Banks. It pro
poses to regulate all matters connect
ed with transportation on the rail-0
roads chartered bv- and subject to the
control of the States. It now pro
poses to invade the domain of public
and i ri at? morals. All that is left
is our religion. It is true even the
State has no control over thatO Bat
why may not Congress dictate to us
whether or not we shall attend
church, andwho shall preach,, to us
because of its relation byway of rev
enue taxation, to the manufacture of
many of the materials used in chnrch
building, and its undoubted right to
impose an annual tax upon the sala
ry of the parson.
A young lady furnishes the follow
ing which she calls "a drill for single
The evolutions, as will be seen,
are by no means difficult of execu-Q
i 1... . .1, 1., 4.....
lion, except, peiuaps, tiie iaai
The young lady is herself evident
ly a soldier, and knows something
about tactics. Here is the drill
Fall in Love with some
and virtuous young lady.
Attention Pay to her assiduously
Right Face Popping the question
like a man, and she will accept you.
Quick March To her parents and
ask their consent.
Fours Right With her and go O
through the services of holy matri
mony. Halt And then reflect seriously
for a few minutes and then devote
yourself entirely to your young wife.
Right About Face From the
haunts that you have frequented
when single, and devote yourself to
your own house.
Advance Arms To your wife when
outwalking together, and' don't let
her walk three or four yards behind
Break Off--Playing billiards, bet
ting and staying out late at night, if
you wish to have a happy home.
Mr. William Wells, of Buena
Vista, states that there will be a
f hoi s
1 Tro'wn this season in the Willamette
I Valley. This is a growing itfr.eTst
in Oregon, and promises a profitable
I return to those engaged in it.