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OREGON CITY, OREGON, FRIDAY, MARCH 20, 1874.
ffl 'fill 'iilf'
A LOCAL DEMOCRATIC NEWSPAPER
F O It THE
Farmer, Easiness Man, k Family Circle.
ISSUED EVERY FRIDAY.
EDITOR AND PUBLISHER.
OFFICIAL PAPEE FOR CLACKAMAS CO.
OFFICE In Dr. Thessing's Brick, next
door to John Myers store, up-stairs.
Terms of Subscription
Single Copy One Year, In Advance $2.50
Six Months" ' L50
Tcmii of Advertising
Transient advertisements, includin
all legal notices, square ol twvlv
lines one week.. --
For oach subsequent insertion.-,
Business Car l. 1 square, one year....
J. W. NOKRIS, M. 13.,
PHYSICIAN AXD Sl'KGEOX,
OR BO OX CITY, OR KG ON.
e7Ofnce Up-Stairs in Charman's Brick,
Main Street. uujjmi.
W. M. VVATKSKS, iVi- D.
P3RTUMD, - OREGON.
vn FFI0E Odd Fellow's Temple.eorner
First and Alder streets. Residence corner
ot .Main and Seventh streets.
l)rs. 'Welch A: Thompson,
office ix VtjcCl3
G I) 1) F ELLO irS T E M P L E,
Corner of First and Alder Streets,
I'OUrii.lM) - OKKCOX.
li-Will be :n Oregon City on Saturdays.
Nov. A :tl
8. II CEL. AT.
CIIAS. E. WARREN.
HUELAT & WARREN
OREGON CITY, - - OREGON.
Jt-T-OFFICE Cbarmnn'F brick. Main st.
joHi-iwC n & um. c c o w n
ANaHXEYS AND CCUSSELSSS AT-LAW.
Orsn City, Oregon.
7Vill practice In all the Courts of the i
F.JmI'1 Sp.-eiai aiieiiuoii pi n k u
tho U. S. l-4i. d omce at Or.-gon City.
Ij. t. bakin,
OREGON CITY, : : OREGON.
KFIOE Over Tope's Tin Store, Main
J. T. APPifJSON,
OFFICE IN POSTOFFICE BUILDING.
Trmlrrs t'locfcam Con iity Or
" .ler, him! Or-;r Cil- Orilem
BOUGHT AND SOLD.
TsTOTAl tY 1'UniAC.
2ans negotiated. Collections attended
to and a General Hrokeage business carried
on. )nll .
Y. II. IIIGHFIELI).
Established siar MO, at I lie old stand.
Miu Street, Or'ioa City, Oregon.
jjco Aa Assortment of Vathe:,, Jewel
y ry.and Seth Thomas' Wright Clocks
. -A "l w-o arc warranieu 10 oe as
7 It-pairing done on short notice, and
t"hnkful for past patronage.
A. 0. WALLINC'S
PIONEER BOOK BINDERY.
JMttock llallllir Corner of SXaj-it
and front Streets.
BI.ANK ROOKS RULED AXD ROUND
Vo any desired pattern. Music boobs,
Iuga)!im,'S, Newspapers, etc., bound in ev
crv varlet v of stvle known to the trrade.
Orders irom the .-t.untry promptly at
fbdedto, OREGON CITY BREWERY.
ITpnrv llnmhel. cxrr
AVIVO Pl'RCIlAS- iifc-4--rAfdJ
ed the above l.rew-
rrv wishes to inform the public that he is
now prepared to manufacture a No. 1 qual
Z. AO BR B RJtR,
as pood as can be obiained anywhere In
the state. Orders swtfccitod and promptly
MEW YORK HOTEL.
No. 17 Front Street. Opposite the Mail
It.ltOTIIFOS, J. J. MILKENS, Proprietors.
Board V AVeek ....
Board Week with Lodging..,
Boa'd 4 D.iy........
My Mother's Spliming-Wheel.
BY I. B. ROBERTS.
How often in my waking dreams,
Up the old garret steps I climb.
Where struggling streams of light
A relie of the olden time.
A relic of the olden time,
That dust and cobwebs half conceal
As useless lumber stowed 'uway
My mother's spinning-wheel.
In the old garret now it stands,
Its busy hum is heard no more;
Broken and tangled are its bands,
The distalfon the dustv lloor :
For long ago were laid away.
In the eold chanilers of the dead,
The feet that turned the busv wheel.
The hands that deftly drew the
Iay after day, with patient toil.
At the same wheel she sat and spun
And drew the thread with dextrous
Until the woof and warp were done.
And sometimes in my pensive moods
The tears adown my cheeks would
As the soft inusie. of her voiee
Blent with the whirring of the
How often in my childhood days,
1 iisU-i.cu to iiiosc snouting I.jVs;
Not dulcet sound of harp and lute
Seemed half so sweet in after days.
My mother ! Ah, that sacred name.
What memories o'er my spirit steal!
I think I see her, as of yore,
Sitting and singing at "her wheel.
Just as of yore I see her now,
The wheel, the distaff, and the
The sunbeams playing round her
And nestling in her silver hair;
Oil. va;n illusion! well I know
The sands have from her hour-glass
The wearv wheels of life have
And all her work on earth is done.
The soothing whir of that old wheel
No more shall o'er my spirit come;
I'erhaps mv feet no more shall cross
The threshold of my early home;
Yet oft my early thoughts will-turn
From present scenes away and
Up the old garret stairs, where stands
My mother's little spinning wheel.
Grange News Items.
A class of 24 was put through the
Fourth degree in Tangent last week.
The Harrisbnrg Grange numbers
100 memlers and more candidates
Daniel Clark, Master of the State
Grange of Oregon, is organizing
bodies of the Order in Clarke coun
ty, W. T.
There are now in Whitman county
"W. T., four established Granges,
numbering about one hundred and
The R!'jtsf'r is informed that t'te
Grangers f Hulsey intend sett ng
up in the general merchandise busi
ness at Halsey, after the plan of thtir
Etstern brethren. The capital stock
is put at $50,000.
The Grangers in MVMinnville are
t liking of erecting a large two-story
building the coming Spring. The
building will be calculated for a
Lodge room on the upper Hoor, with
a public hall below.
South Brownsville Grange, L. C.
nice, Master, A. V. Standard, Sec
retary, last Saturday conferred the
fourth degree on a class of 13 candi
dates. A "harvest feast" and a gen
eral good time was enjoyed. This is
a flourishing Grange, having GO
members i'-i males and 17 females.
Wasco Grange on the 2Sth ult.,
elected the following officers: A. J.
Dufur, Jr., M.; W. M. MeCorkle,
O.; G. W. Buford, S.; II. llice, A.
S.; E. B. Dufur, L.; W. 11. Mene
fee, C-; A. D. Bolton, T.; G. H.
Barnett, Sec; F. M. Smith, G.;
Mrs. B. E. Burnett, C.; I). M. Bar
ker, P.; Miss Arabell Dufur, F.;
Miss Lucy N. Menefee, L. A. S.
Friday evening of last week Knox
Butte Grange, of which Martin Mil
ler is Master, conferred the fourth
degree on a class of 11 candidates
the grange being in session from 11
A. M. to 4 P. M. A "harvest feast"
was among the attractive features of
the occasion. L. C. Bnrkhart, Linn
county agent for the Grangers, and
several other visiting brethren M ere
The National Grange which has
just closed its annual session in St.
Louis, adopted the following resolu
tion which effectually decides who
are and who are not eligible to mem
bership of the Order of the Patrons
of Husbandry: "Resolved, That in
the sense of the National Grange the
expression interested in agricultural
pursuits in Article 5 of the Consti
tution, means engaged in agricultu
ral pursuits, and having no interest
in conflict with our purposes."
A FiorGH Sentence on a Criminal
by an Arkansas Judge. An Arkan
sas paper gives the following report
of a judge's senteuce, lately passed
on a criminal: "Brnnley, you infa
mous scoundrel! You're an unre
deemed villain. You hain't a single
redeeming trait in your charac
ter. Your wife and family wish we
had sent you to the penitentiarv.
This is the fifth time I have had you
before me, and you have put me to
more trouble than your neck is
worth. I've exhorted" and prayed
over you long enough, you scoun
drel. Just go home and take one
glimpse at your familv, and be off
m short order. Dont let's ever hear
of yon again. The grand jury have
found two other indictments against
you, but I'll discharge von on your
own recognizances, and" if I catch
you in this neck of woods to-morrow
morning at day-light I'll sock von
right square into jail and jump you
off to Jeffersonville in less than no
time, yon infernal scoundrel! If
ever I catch you crossing your finder
at a man, woman or child white man
or nigger I'll sock you right square
into the jug. JStand up you scoun
drel, "while I pass sentence on you!"
HOW CONGRESSMEN- ARE TORTURED IX
UEHALF OF THE SCXFiXs POPULA
TION. Chicago Times Letter.
All is not milk and honey and sal
aried comfort with the wearers of
the Congressional apparel. Apart
from becoming a legitimate butt for
lampooning, of standing in tie na
tional pillory, a fair target for the
dead cats and rotten eggs of miscon
ception and malice, he is obliged to
answer letters from home. Not the
tender notes from Amarylis, burden
ed with winsome words of half-con
cealed, half-disclosed love. Not the
homely missive from Joan, freighted
with fireside chronicles of how the
children are mastering the whooping
cough, and how the oldest boy read
every word of father's speech on the
necessity of retrenchment, to the
family and neighbors, in approving
council assembled. Not the cheery
epistle from Antipholns, the home
business partner, nor the foamy but
wicked billet donx from careless, de
licious Cressida. These your Con
gressman receives with glee, reads
with hungry zest, answers with de
light, and is as jocund as a girl with
her first bustle for days afterward.
which do bring guile to his soul,
aud gallish reminders that humanity
is clay, and only half-baked at that,
are those which come loaded with re
quests for official boosts into Gov
ernment situations. New members
suffer worse than dried Congression
al fish, A new man endures the as
saults of the chronic beggars, besides
taking his proportion of the natural
trade. A llepresentative like Far
well, who is passing his third Winter
in Washington is receiving few ap
peals from patient mob of old-time
applicants in Chicairo. But llice,
Ward, and Oglesby are honored with
a dozen or more letters a day..
THE STANDARD JIINSTEL JOKE
is that Brother Bones, or Tambou
rine, should be so lamentably igno
rant upou ordinary subjects in a
land of common schools. Their
lack of knowledge is no longer pro
verbial. The personification of lie
science is the man who is anxious to
receive big pay for little work, as a
wearer of Government livery. He
imagines that consulates are to be
had for asking; that clerkships yawn
eagerly for the foremost applicant.
Par example :
One young gentleman living on
West Washington street insists that
he shall immediately be appointed
Consul to Liverpool,
Another whose home is on Indiana
avenue, near Twentieth street, clam
ors Mr. llice to give him a like job
at llio Janerio.
Arthur Ducat, insurance agent is
Certain that his son should immedi
ately be placed in the Annapolis na
Mr. Scanimon has a young friend
whom he desires, or did desire till
the office was abolished, to make,
deputy pension commissioner.
Three young ladies will be much
obliged if Oglesby will l'rUjLt mem"
obtain them nice situations in the
means that his son shall become a
cadet at West Point. The sooner
the appointment is made out the
quicker the young man can com
mence cramming for the preliminary
examination. Besides, work is quiet
in Chicago this Winter, and the boy
ought to be doing something to keep
him out of mischief.
Three men desire to be Postmaster
at Englewood. The office paid 8o
two years ago. Now it is worth 500.
A well-known La Salle street coal
merchant wishes his representative
to take his nephew and "put him in
the naval school at Norfolk." There
is iio naval school there, but no mat
ter; old Anthracite is probably not
particular in the matter of locality.
TO APPLY THE CONDENSER:
Logan has received some 20 requests
for berths as consul, clerk, etc., the
present session, all from Chicago;
Oglesby, at the last count, Io; Far
well, 15; Bice in the neighborhood
of 50, and Ward about 70. So there
are over 200 persons in Chicago alone
who have petitioned for something,
pleasant, easy and paying. The
prayers are mainly from people who
are big enough, old enough, and
ought to know better than to think a
Congressman has choice offices at
his disposal to give away, as a moth
er hands around doughnuts to her
children. As much forethought as
a man would ordinarily take in
jumping over a puddle, just enough
to see where he ought to land, would
show these suitors their incapacity
to leap into any of these fat offices.
THE PLACES ARE ALL FILLED,
and the classified list of candidates
for vacancies nnrak'rs high among
the hundreds. If they were empty,
Congressmen of the ordinary run
could carry no more influence to
ward supplying them than a village
blacksmith." Therefore my ignorant
friends, you are not good looking
aud you "cannot get in. The inso
lence of office is not for you, unless
you wait your turn, are an fait in
the civil-service rules, and were
born in Ohio.
A young lady who prides herself
on her proprietv, lately wrote home
to her parents regarding her boarding-school
associates. She said:
"The girls are awful slangy. One
of them told me the first day I came
here that I had better 'walk off on my
ear.' The little chit! I felt just
like putting a tin roof on her. And
they use such disgusting phrases as
vou bet,' and 'bully.' I have pitch
ed into them several times for their
slang, but thev tell me to 'cheese it,'
and if they go on this way I shall git
up and git, you bet."
The Author of All Our Woes.
From the San Francisco Examiner.
It is scarcely necessary for us to af
firm that we are not of those who
have any notion that by the next
Presidential campaign the elements
of opposition to the party in power
will have cemented into an organiza
tion other than the Democratic par
ty. We are hopeful that all will see
the necessity of uniting under the
grand old standard of Democracy,
since in that way, only, can all other
opposing forces render themselves of
utility. The Democratic part must
be and is the center of oooosition
until it succeeds in resting the coun
try from ltadical domination. If it
be possible to reconcile all parties in
common antagonism to Badiealism
on some general issues, not in con
flict witii the main principles of De
mocracy, we do not propose to make
any technical or illusive objection;
nor do we believe it proper to resur
rect sepulchred issues, thereby pre
venting honest men, not heretofore
our allies, from joining with us. But
this does not mean that we shall con
sent to taking up some old battered
relic of liadicalism to lead our hosts
again to ruinous defeat. The issues
of the next campaign are not yet
crystaliseil, but while it is impossi
ble to predict with any reasonable
degree of certainty, now, as to the
immediate issues between opposing
parties at the next national election,
it requires no seer to foretell that
liadicalism and Democracy can
never be brought together except as
conflicting forces. They are as op
posite as antipodes; their principles
are irrevocably antagonistic; their
antecedents are as unlike as their
contradictory policies could make
them. We hope with a Southern
contemporary, the llichmoud En
quirer, that the time is approaching
closely when in American politics
the great questions separating our
people into parties will not be such
as are founded in mere partisanship
or prejudice, but such as rest upon
national reflection, candid differences
of opinion in refierence to practical
measures and honest and earnest
sentiments of devotion to the general
good, regardless of the schemes of
any faction and the csjjecial advance
ment of any one section at the ex
pense of another. But if that day
shall arrive within this year or the
next; if before the party positions
are taken preliminary to the next cam
paign for the Presidential succession
there shall arise new issues to be
submitted to the people, and the
public mind shall thereby be turned
away from the contemplation of mat
ters that have heretofore held Dem
ocrats on one side and lladicals on
the other, it may be made to appear
to the unsuspecting observer that
the halcyon hours of political peace
and party amity have come at last.
But there may be delusion in the
When Radicalism shall have ac
complished its purposes so far as to
be assured that in the concession of
its principles by the acceptance of
its precedents it has made its footing
firm for any steps it may choose to
take for the future, we need not be
surprised to see it smoothing its
wrinkled front, whispering softly
and sweetly to the South, studiously
avoiding all allusion to its own sins
of the past, and atl'ecting the virtue
of refusing to repeat its iniquitous
usurpations, hoping thereby to in
duce the country to forgive, if not,
indeed to forget that it ever did
what it may then so graciously de
cline to do again.
The principles of the Radical par
ty are false principles; they are also
to justice, false to national fair-
iieaiing, laise to the substantial in
terests of the country, false to the
superiority of the white race, false
to the Constitution as it was when
the founders of the Government
framed it, and as it is with all the
amendments incorporated into it.
And whatever policy the leaders of
that, party may from time to time
propose to pursue, it cannot be, it
should not be, it must not be for
gotten that, proclaiming the same
principles it proclaims now, and per
haps will continue to proclaim as
its organization exists, this same
Radical party is the author of all
the woes with which the Democrats
have charged it for eight years past.
A I'cw Figures.
Arithmeticians, w ho love the truths
that figures always tell, may now see
what it cost the nation to build the
Union Pacific Road, and what it
cost the Stockholders of the Credit
WHAT IT COST THE NATION.
. . 1,104,000 00
. . 50,140,103 04
. 2:3,331,708 10
WHAT IT COST THE CREDIT MOBILIER.
5 7,800, 1S3 33
Total 850,720,958 94
Profit. . .7. : . . .843,929,328 34
These figures, however, estimate
stock and bonds at par. Taking for
an instant the figues of the trustees
as correct, incorrect as we know
them to be, we find the cash value
of this profit to have been as follows
From sale of bonds. . .
" " stock
Divided in cash
From "The Credit
. 8,744,169 81
. 2,346,000 00
j Scribaex'sfor March.
COURTESY OF BANCROFT LIBRARY,
ttvtvwrstty OF CALIFORNIA,
That Reminds Mc.
The end of a bookworm To " be
buried in a book
Chairs should not be covered w ith
silk, but sat-in.
The home circnit Walking about
with baby in the night.
Albany is threatened with a milk
famine. The pumps are going dry.
Why is an I O U like a confirmed
toper? Invariably found in liquor.
Melancholly Suicide A little boy,
on being threatened with a whipping,
hung his head.
Do not run in debt to the shoe
maker.- It is unpleasant to be una
ble to say your soul is your own.
Chicago has a female sexton, and
she is charged with reserving all the
best graves for the young men.
A lunatic writes to ask whether,
when a door is not a door, but a jar,
the door jam is kept in the said jar.
"Gracious me!" exclaimed a ladv
in a witness-box, " how should I
know anything about anything I
don't know anything about ?"
"Why Did He Not Die?" is the
title of a new novel. We have not
read the conundrum, but believe the
answer to be, because he refused to
take his medicine.
"Anv letters?" asked Smith of his
landlady on going home to dinner.
"Only two post-cards, sir," was the
disdainful reply; "but they contain
A man referring to the sudden
death of a relative, was asked if he
lived high. " Well, I can't say that
he did, said Terrence, " but he died
high. .Luke the banks in these days,
he was suspended.
A pompons philosopher extracted
the following reply from an advanced
tree school lad to the querv : "How
is the earth divided my lad?" " By
A darkey left in charge of a tele
graph office while the operator went
to dinner, heard some one "call"
over the wires, and began shouting
at the instrument, "he operator isn't
yer !" The noise ceased.
An unfortunate man in Indianapo
lis, who lost several toes by a car
wheel, was consoled by an Irishman
near by with, "Whist," there! you're
making more noise than a man I've
seen w ith his head off."
A woman who recently had her
butter seized at the market for short
weight gave as a reason that the cow
from which the butter was made was
subject to a cramp, and that caused
the butter to shrink in weight.
"I should like," said a French
medical charlatan, "to place over
the door of ray surgery an inscription
either in Latin or Greek, borrowed
from one of the great authors."
"Give Italian the preference," re
marked one of his patients; "nothing
can equal that verse of Dante's :
'Abandon hope, all ve who enter
An Aberdeen minister, catechising
his young parishoners before the
congregation, put the usual question
to a stout girl, whose, father kept a
dm l:c-house "What isyonrname?"
No reply. The question having been
repeated, the girl replied: "Nane
o your inn Air. -.Minister, ye Ken my
name well enough. D'ye no say,
when ye come to our house on a
night, 'Bet, bring me some ale?' "
A simple Highland girl called upon
an old master with whom she had
formerly served. Being kindly in
vited by him to share in the family
dinner, the usual ceremony of asking
a blessing having been gone through,
the gill, anxious to compliment her
ancient host, exclaimed: "Ah, mas
ter, ye maun hae a grand memory,
for that's the grace ye had when I
was vi' ye seven years ago."
An Irishman, while on his passage
to England in search of harvest work,
was observed to walk up and down
the deck at a bri.,k pace, occasional
ly giving a look at the captain when
ever he came in sight, as if to attract
his observation. On being asked by
the steward for his passage-money,
when noaring the port of destination,
Pat replied, "Arrah, honey, be aisy
now; sure the master won't do such
a dirty trick as charge a poor shearer
who lias walked all the way?"
Lo, the poor Indian ! A Kansas
district school was visited by a party
of "advanced" Indian chiefs, who
came to hear the classes recite. A
mischievous boy placed a crooked
pin on the seat alloted to one of the
chiefs, and as he sat down he was ob
served to rise hastily and remark
energetically: "Ugh! too much
flea-bite. Me no care for much pap
poose education ; me git ;" and he
got, followed by the others in solemn
There is rather a good story told
of a dialogue between a navy and a
man who had caught a fifteen pound
pike. Seeing the fish on the bank,
the navy wanted to know:
"What d'ye call that 'ere, maister?"
"Pike," answered the angler;
"Will 'e boit, maister?" asked the
"Put your finger in his mouth and
try," joked the angler.
"Noa, I woan't but I' put pup's
tail in," retorted the navy, and suit
ing the action to the word, he caught
up his dog, a lagish "bull" and pro
ceeded to do as he had said.
No sooner was "pup's tail" in, the
pike's mouth than the jaws closed on
it, and away went the dog across the
country with the pike after him.
. "Halloo! I say, you fellow," cried
the angry angler, "call back your
"Noa, I -won't," laughed the navy;
"you call back your fi6h!" - .
Territorial News Items.
The northwestern Territories have
73 Indian reservations.
A quarter of an acre at Tacoma in '
the rear of the old town lias been
sold for 8300.
A Grange of Patrons of Husbandry
w as organized at Skookum Chuck,
W. T., on the 4th inst.
The laws of Washington Territory
will be ready for distribution in
about five weeks.
Large numbers of sheep are dying ;
in Jordan alley from the eiiecets of
cold weather and scarcity of fodder.
Three different parties have been
engaged in the neighborhood of Van
couver during the Winter in getting
out hoop poles for the San Francisco
Two cars freighted with merchan
dise direct from Japan, and twenty
cars of tea billeted for Chicago and
New York, passed through Ogden
A band of 200 head of fair average
cattle changed hands at the rate of
810 a head at Walla Walla a few daj-s
since. In the lot w as 100 head of
over average cows.
Rev. L. H. Wells has just returned
to Walla Walla after an absence of
several months in the East. We un
derstand he lrought back 83,000 for
Marshal Blinn has turned over the
office of Superintendent of Indian
Affairs for Washington Territory to
Gen. Milroy, his successor, who was
also his predecessor.
The reports from the Swank Creek
mines are very conflicting. One
writer asserts positively they are
go d, while another as emphatically
tays they are good for nothing.
Five hundred and twenty-five dol
lars was raised in about two hours,
on the 27th ult., towards buying a
lot on which to build a Cumberland
Presbyterian Church in Walla Walla.
The Boise City Statesman, says :
This weather is awful on cattle and
sheep, ami unless it comes off warm
very soon, the probability is that the
stock in this valley will die off by
Passengers from the East, at Og
den, report that the praying mania
has reached many towns" along the
Union Pacific road where liquor is
s dd, and that w omen are organizing
t ) join in the crusade against rum.
There is now about 500 tons of
wheat at Wallula awaiting shipment
down the Columbia river." There is'
also a large amount of freight below.
The Columbia river is so low it is
impossible for the boats to run, and
freight will have to lay in store until
the snows in the mountains melt.
A number of persons in Bitter
Root, Montana, proffered Rev. Mr.
Catlin, if he would come there and
preach, a 100-acre improved farm,
four cows and one year's supply of
provisions. Now look out for a rush
of ministers to Bitter Root.
The San Francisco Chronicle says
that "E. S. Kearney, now United
States Marshal for Washington Ter
ritory", has been confirmed by the
Senate as Consul of the United States
at Buenos Ayres." We venture the
supposition that Marshal Kearney
don't know it, whether true or not.
The Vancouver Rister nays: We
are informed that the farmers on
Mill Plain have about completed
their Spring sowing, and that crop
prospects are very favorable. Sever
al farmers on this plain have from
one to seven hundred acres under
A correspondent writing from
Dayton, W. T., to the Walla Walla
Statesman says: About 4,000 bushels
of flax seed will be raised in this part
of the county this season, and our
enterprising citizen, S. M. Wait, will
give attention to the establishment
of an oil mill, in addition to the beet
The body of John Tighe. a soldier
who disappeared from Fort Walla
Walla some three weeks ago, was
found in the yard around the old
pest house, in the outskirts of Walla
Walla, last week. The body was in
an advanced stage of decomposition.
He is supposed to have started from
the town to the garrison, and being
intoxicated climbed over the fence
and laid down and froze to death.
A Father In Texas.
The Wasco, Texas Avalanche pub
lishes the following statement by a
correspondent, who, it says, is one
of the most trustworthy and respect
ed citizens of that place:
"There lives now in our midst a
man who is the father of fifty legiti
mate children; he has been married
to five different women. Bv Avife
No, 1, 14 boys; No. 2, 18 children;
o. o, ten; No. 4. six, and by No. 5,
three. Thirty-five of these children
are still living or were a year ago
eight were killed or lost in the con
federate army, and seven have died
natural deaths. Thirteen of the
boys all children of No. 1 held
office in the Galloway Brigade,
Platte county, Missouri, troops;
Burns commanding. Of the chil
dren by No. 2, there were four in
the confederate army, in different
brigades. By wife No. 3, there was
one in the Confederate army and two
in the Heel Flies, making 20 sons in
the Confederate Service. The man
is hale, hearty and healthy. I know
him well, also his wife No. 5, and
her children; she is young with a
mountain of wealth of hair, fine-looking,
pleasant, and promises to still
add to the population of this coun
try. I will, if required, produce the
amaavit oi tue latner oi mis uum
on s nrntrpn v to the truth of this
i o J
In Error About the Crangers.
Under the above heading we
find the following clear exposition of
i". "lKns or t,,e Uranger in the
W llliamsport, Pennsylvania,i?cj7iVfer.
lhe object and purposes of the
farmer's combinations. . seem to be
greatly mistaken by many, especially
the day-laborers and mechanic as
we have had occasion to learn, recent
ly This is owing partially to aa
undesigned exclusiveness on the side
of the farmers, but more to a design
ed misi-fc! .refutation bv certain do
nothings, whose supp'ort has for
years been drawn from the aching
shoulders of not alone the farmers
but the laborers and mechanics also
whose champions thev now so londW
profess to be. The misrepresentation
is to the effect that the farmers' com
binations and particularly the
Granges form for the purpose of
oppressing the day-laborers and me
chanics. Whilst nothing could be
further from their purpose, we regret
to see a disposition not cto disabuse
the imaginations of these erring men.
The fact must be prominent to the
mind of every one fully cognizant of
the objects to be attained by ther,
Grangers, that so large and impor
tant au element in this country, as
the farmers cannot improve them
selves socially arid mentally, or bet
ter themselves in the sale" of their
products or the purchase of the nec
essaries and luxuries, without corres
pondingly affecting those who are
intimately associated with them a
their farm-hands and their me
chanics. The object is not to form
or create a landed aristocracy. But
few farmers in America f-Jo not labor
hard, themselves, aud so long as our
domain is free, and new fields of
labor constantly opening, it will be
impossible to form any such thing as.
a landed aristocracy. Such is- net
the object and such cannot be the
result. The movement is not aggres
sive but purely defensive, and Ja
directed so as to counteract the fiorees
which have for many years been
brought to bear against the agricul
turists and indirectly against their
necessary help. Amftngst these op
ponents to the farmers in the West
have been the great railroad compan
ies that secured Government support
and then, buying up competing lines,
raised the tariffs so- that the farmers. O
could better afford to burn their corn
as fuel than take it to low market
high freight, and pay tariff on coal.
Farmers in the East have "suffered
"considerably from these enemies,
though in u different way. Now thev
are combining to protect themselves
against all impositions from that
source. They make no war on rail-C
road companies as such. In faci
they find them verv handy and valu
able auxiliaries. But they want
"fair-play." Railroads, built to meet
the real wants of the country or local
ities,. will not be quarreled with, but
their managers must keep their hands,
out of Congressional steals and such
things, and rnn their roads by the
laws of honest trade. The farmers,
are organizing to make them do this,
if they will not do it of their own ac
cord. Wait and see. c O
Again the farmers desire to protect
themselves against all traveling ando
stationary sharks, who have in the
past by the expenditure of very little
capital, less brain and labor, though
much assurance, lived off' the earn
ings of farmers and their auxiliaries
as well. These are they who are
specially interested in getting up an
unreasonable fight between the farm
ers and their help. These are the
ones wiio would make the farm la
borer believe that the man for whom
he works intends through the Grange,
to reduce his wages, put the price of
farm productions beyond his reach
and thus take the food out of his
mouth. None but the veriest simple
ton, of course, will believe that the
farmers, as a class, will do this, or
that they conceive any such an out
rage. But, unfortunately, we have
very many simpletons, -when it
comes to measuring thetfr reasoning
capacity. Strange, enough we have
many w ho, whilst being robbed and
at the same time flattered, kiss the
hand which robs and obey the voice
that flatters but deceives them.
These are the loudest in their denun
ciations of the Patrons, and yet, poor,
misguided individuals! their inter
ests are perfectly identical with those
of the decried farmers. So long as
they remain in their happiness, con
tentment and prosperity depend up
on the relation they sustain (to the
farmers and the measure of success
enjoyed by the latter. What folly it
is, then, to make war between them,
to -slander each other, and keep np a
hostile attitude. This must not be.
It is wholly unnecessary, as well as
unreasonable. Let these various
classes of industry seek a common
bond of brotherhood, impove their
social relations, elevate their condi
tion, live in harmony, and banish
the idlers and leeches from their so
ciety and the Government. This is
the work of the Patrons.
Intemperance Statistics. Statis
tics of intemperance in New York
shows that the vice is on the incrf use.
and what is worse, that intemperate
women are more nearly irreclaimable
than intemperate men. The number
of men committed to the workhouse
from January, 1870, to January, 1874,
six times for drunkenness was 108;
number women committed six times
3,702; number committed seven
tj"meslmen, 28; wmnen, 002; num
ber committed ten times men, 181;
women, 1,157; number committed
one hundred times men, 1; women,
29; total number committed in four
years men, 500; women," 9,006; or
eighteen females to one male. These
figures exhibit a sad fact, and dem
onstrate the necessity of some effect
fi'vA measures for reclaiming the
female victims to this habit.
Vote the ticket at head of 2d page.