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OKECniTmrOliEGOX, JILT 4, 1S71.
To Our "Exchanges.
CWe shall pay the postage on all
our exchanges, find Khali forward the
Entkwrisb to them in return, ex
pecting all to pay at the ollice where
it is received. If there are any who
do not desire to pay the postage, the
postmaster can notify us that the pa
per is uncalled for and we shall dis
continue sending it.
O Fourth of July.
Death of Hon. J. G. Wilson.
To-dav is the Ninety-Seventh An
niversary of American Independence
It marks' the occurrence of the most
important eventrwhich has been re
corded since the opening of the
Christian Era. It ought to be ob
served by every dweller in the land,
and in a manner appropriate to the
great occasion. On this day Amer
ican.- ought to live, as it were in the
past, recalling th heroic deeds and
might-achievements of the patriot
hosts who proclaimed, battled for,
and established the independence ant
liberties which wo have enjoyed
The day ought to be sacred to the
cause of American Impendence, as
declared bv the founders who met in
-pi.ni.1eb.hia. on the ever memora
ble Fourth day of July, 1770. "With
the domestic trials of latter periods
as an issue to be joined with our ob-
prvMiicn of this anniversary, we
should have nothing to do. It is
lav for all to meet together, without
reference to creeds, sentiments, or
conditions as did the jatriot band
who made'' the day the occasion for
the most glorious jubilee ever par
ticipated in by man and to do full
honor to the thrilling traditions with
C which it has descended to us. "We
hope and trust it will be celebrated
according to tnis proper rule in Ore
gon as in every other State, and by
eVery other community. Let us re
call the history of ltevolutionary
days; remember the trials and sacri
fices of ltevolutionary sires; and, re
ceiving inspiration from the glowing
theme, become animated by the same
pure unquenchable patriotic ardor
which so gloriously carried them
through the darkest days of their
eventful, Cproiracted struggle, to a
triumph, the parallel of which was
never before realized. From the
story of their lives Ave can extract
much that deeply concerns us at this
juncture to know r.rid p-aetice for
ourselves. lnt if for no other pur
pose than the. simpln observance of
this a miver. a;v in a becoming man
ner, we ought to devote ourselves to
a contemplation of the events and
scenes and eminent characters of the
1 efiod vve commemorate, and it is
only by pursuing this course that we
are likely to give it tone and sem
blance of a National holiday on
which, rejoicings and hosannas
should resound and commingle from
one end of the Republic to the other.
The dispatches yesterday morning
ing ns the sad news of the death
of Hon. Joseph Wilson, Represent
ative in Conjrress from our State.
He died at the home of his aged
mother, in Marietta, Ohio, on the
morning of July 2d.
Judge Wilson was born in New
Hampshire, in the year 1S28. At
an early acre he removed with his
parents to Ohio, where a colony of
New Hampshire jieople had settled,
and founded the town of Marietta
and the institution of learning which
bears its name. Of this institution
Mr. Wilson was an alumnus. At
the age of twenty he commenced the
study of law. In the fall of 1852, lie
removed to Oregon and settled in
Salem, where he first began practice
lefore the courts of the Territory.
In the same year he received the ap
pointment of Clerk of the Supreme
Court, which ofliee he held for sev
eral years. In 1854 he was married
to Miss Lizzie Miller, the estimable
lady who now survives him. From
this time forward until 1800, Mr.
Wilson was engaged in the practice
of his profession as an attorney and
counselor. In 1S0O he was appointed
Dsitrict Attorney for the Third Ju
dicial District. The legislature of
18G2 cre .ted a fifth district compris
ing all that portion of Oregon lying
east of the Cascade mountains. To
the office of Judge by this act creat
ed Mr. Wilson was appointed by his
Excellency Governor Whiteaker.
In 1805 the degree of JLLi. JJ. was
-it :f erred unon him by his Alma
Mater. At the regular election in
1804 he was elected to the same po
sition. holdins: his ollice until the
summer of 1S00, when he resigned.
On retiring from the bench, Judge
Wilson resumed a lucrative practice
In 1S70, he was the candidate of the
Reimblican iartv for Congress, but
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Takes Care ot his i rienus.
What a degradation for Massachu
setts, which has always prided her
self on a long line of illustrious
Chief Magistrates, of irreproachable
character and -stainless reputation,
lf. nMimllv contemplating the
possibility of making " Beast" But
ler her Governor. Says an ex
change, there is not a politi
vi.n in the country who has
had more uncanny things said of
him than this man. He has-been
accused cf being a common thief, as
well as a rascal on a stupendous
scale. In his own State we do not
know of a single newspaper that will
demean itself by advertising his
claims. He has declared his utter
contempt for newspaper praise or
abuse; and will go ahead in their
despite. He has innumerable per
sonal as well as political enemies.
The dignity and high-toned respect
ability of his State are up in arms
against him. Yet he laughs them
to scorn, and the Cincinnati Enquir
er says there is hardly a doubt that
he will be the next Governor of
Massachusetts. And why? Ben
Butler takes care of his friends. He
does this in the face of all opposi
tion. The country may talk as it
will about his nephew, for example;
his nephew is cared for. Last No
vember the country beheld the
melancholly spectacle of the re-election
of General Grant to the Pres
idency. His first election was in
obedience to a custom which has
well nigh become a law of taking a
President from the latest and blood
iest battle-field. But why was he
elected the second time? lie had
shown his unfitness. Three Repub
licans of intelligence out of four
know this. Not one citizen in a
hundred who ever saw him hut -was
ashamed to acknowledge him to be
the President of the United States.
Tho Truth Will Come.
! An Dfficient Free Trade Document.
was defeated by Hon. Jas. H. Slater. He had usurped the Constitution,
made the high oflice a personal per-
In 1872, he again received the Be
publican nomination and was elect
ed to Congress, his term commenc
ing on the 4th of last March.
Politically, Mr. Wilson was always
a strong and persistent partisan, but
on the bench as a public officer, he
was faithful, honest and just. Few
men were held higher m the esteem
of bis fellow-citizens than he, and
the people of Oregon have lost in
deed a true man, a worthy public
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ofheer, and an aile advocate; nis
friends, which are numerous all over
the State, have lost a warm-hearted
and gn al companion. line nis
death is a State loss, it is far greater
to the bereaved wife and children
who survive him, and in their loss
tliev will have the sympathy of our
We have always been opposed to
Judire Wilson in politics, but have
always found in him a warm-hearted
personal friend. Peace be to his
A Sensible View.
The 31o!oc Q,ticstion.
telegraph tells us that the
President and Secretary of the Inte
rior have under consideration and
will probably adopt, as a means of
settling the Modoc question, the en
tire breaking up of the tribe, bring
ing all belonging to it east of the
mountains and distributing them by
families among other tribes and na
tions. None will be informed as to
where the rest have gone, and the
object will be to separate them wide
ly care leing taken that families are
not divided. Means will be taken,
if this plan is carried out, to have
the knowledge of thb punishment in
flicted well circulated among all the
Indians, and it is believed it will have
the most salutary influence, and es
pecially cause chiefs and those who
hold positions among them to main
tain peace, lest their tribes be broken
up in the same manner. This appears
to us as a ridiculous farce, and as we
anticipated, a virtual triumph for
the murderers. We have not the
slightest idea that anv one of the Mo-
The New York Herald, in comment
ing on the assassination of the Modoc
prisoners, takes a most sensible view
of the matter, and says that the sto
ries received are "unquestionable ev
idence of the excited feelings of the
settlers against the red-skinned assas
sins by those who suffered at their
lioiiilo o-rwl 4lo -fool- l.Kif -frlltf no-v
criminal philanthropy at Washington,
may succeed in saving Captain Jack
and his brother cutthroats from the
gallows. Had General Davis been
allowed to mete out swift justice to
these wretches the present massacre
would not have occurred. We are
also told that the arch-murderers
Captain Jack and Sehonchin, declare
their innocence of the death of Gen
eral Canby, but lay the blame on the
" boys" and on some mythical Klam
il i -t I 1 . -r .
atn cmei who led them astray. lt is
not unlikely that they may find pow
erful advocates in Washington, ready
to testify to their previous good char
acter and to excuse the late undeas
antness. When all these things are
considered it is not surprising that
the settlers should be very much in
clined to take the law into their own
qnisite and plaything and brought
it into disgrace. But he took care
of his friends. The only President,
so far as we remember, whose par
ents, both of them, lived to see their
son crowned with the highest honors
in the gift of the people of forty
millions, he passed beyond the prop
er limits of his ollice to remember
them. His father holds an ollice for
which he is notoriously unfit, and
continues to hold it in the face of a
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siorm oi ueserveu criticism wuilii
would compel many another man to
remove all his relatives from office.
The old gentleman is pleased with
the office, and we are not sure that
the tenacious, obstinate Ulysses, i
assured that his re-election depend
ed upon his removal, would have
removed him. With equal tenaeity
has he upheld his numerous rela
tives and his more numerous friends
No criticism of truth-telling coulc
shake his determination. The
fri nds that gave him money m'
lands, and the friends that ga. e him
political support, were alike reinem
bered. The Conklings and the Mor
tons and the Siokkses and the
Schancks and the Binghams believe
in Grant. It was this fact that con
tributed more than any thing else
to his re-election.
Our readers are aware that no ef
forts were spared by the California,
and many Eastern papers to lay the
blame of the Indian war upon our
citizens. The creation of this im
pression was aided by a dirty, lying
telegraphic reporter, probably in
with the thieves. But it appears
that the truth is about to come out,
and instead of Oregon being the
guilty party, our neighbors have
been using the cry of " stop thief,"
and they are being branded by one
of its own members in Congress a
being the cause of the trouble. We
here append a Washington dispatch,
dated June 28th. It does not look
very flattering for our California
neighbors. It says:
Hon. J. K. Luttrell, Congressman
elect from the third California Dis
trict, sends to Secretary Delano an
account of his recent visit to the
scene of the Modoc war. He says
he has been able to arrive at only
one conclusion in reference to it,
namely: That it was a war caused by
the wrotfful acts of California tcfitte
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men. fie is mlormea on what seems
to him reliable authority that the
Modocs were compelled to slaughter
their horses for food on Klamath
Reservation and having exhausted
this means oi subsistence were com
piled by hunger to seek fishing and
nmtiug grounds on their old lles-
ervation on Lost river. He rcgr
to sav that never was there a time
since the organization of the Gov
eminent when there was so much
swindling, not only upon the Gov-
rnment and people but upon the
ndians, as is to-day being practiced
m Indian lieservations on the i a-
ifio Coast. He concludes as fol-
ows: Air. Aleacham and Air. ftteele
managed the anairs to the satistac
tion of the people and the Indians, (?)
md I regret that they were not re
tained as Superintendents. I do not
know who is to blame n n do 1 ac
cuse any particular Agent of corrup
tion, but we know much has been
perpetrated and before launching
these Indian chiefs into eternity let
their testimony be taken in order
that the guilty parties may be found.
We have lost many valuable men in
this war. Justice demands if any
person or persons have been guilty
of inciting the Modocs to war lie or
they should be punished. I am w il
lin; if you can delegate the author
ity to aid and assist in the investiga
tion of all canses and charges which
may be found or brought before
Court-martial, as a representative of
the people immediately concerned,
and who have sufi'ered most by rea
son of the war. I feel that justice
demands a thorugh investigation
and if I can in any way serve the
Government and the people in aid
ing or assisting in investigation
command my service by telegraph at
r ort Jones.
Summary of State Xews Items.
In'the opinion of the New York
World the last census report is the
best free trade document in existence.
After an elaborate review of its indus
trial table, that able journal says:
We have now a total of 12,505,923
persons engaged in labors of differ
ent kinds, of whom only 1,554,500
are claimed to come within the scope
of the pseudo benefits of protective
tariff legislation. If it could be prov
ed conclusively that the country at
large would derive ultimate advan
tages from special legislation that
tended to erect these 1,554,500 per
sons into a privileged class at the ex
pense of all other classes in the com
munity, that might still be no good
reason (did our Constitution give
Congress the power) for the adoption
of a protective tariff in a republic.
But when it is shown, as these tables
show conclusively first, that the 1,
554,500 persons so legislated for are
those who receive the least wages of
any class of skilled laborers; second,
that the natural tendency of the de
velopment of mechanical invention is
to reduce at once the number of em
ployes, the quality of the employ
ment, and in ratio, the per capita of
wages; third, that the net contribu
tion of indutries to the resources of
the country- is reduced in proportion
as the value of materials and capital
preponderates over the value of the
labor in making up the sum of gross
roducts; and lastly, when it is
Known, through data embodied in
this same census, that the entire body
of capitalists, the proprietary class,
who are the only real beneficiaries of
special tariff legislation, number only
42,877 when all these facts are col-
ectively considered, Protection as a
mm.' . t i
means ot lostermg the interests oi a
republic does seem to be the wicked
est absurdity of a not very wise age.
And it is for the reason that the in
dustrial tables of the ninth or nsus
enable us to arrive at these facts con
clusively and bring them out in the
m st conspicuous mannt r, that we
pronounce that publication one of
the most efficient free trade docu
ments ever issued from the press.
Ah Independent Viewing.
A Solution of the Chinese Problem.
ilu"i will rvpr be Diinished for their
crimes. Should the court -martial I han,ls AvLen opportunity offers. They
find them guilty of murder, the Pres- j
ident will commute their sentence j
from death to a peaceful and happy j
reservation, to be f t d and clothed at !
the expense of the people. This, we
ln'lieve is a formal announcement
thafono Modoc shall be hung for mur
der. If these Indians should happen
to have been Southern people, and
only guilty of scaring some Yankee
carpet bagger, the President and the
Badieal party would have been
prompt in visiting punishment upon
them, even to the death penalty. Let
the people of Oregon remember these
facts in the future.
New Book. We have received a
copy of a new Look entitled The
Men and Memories of San Francisco
in the Spriag of 70, by L. A. Barry
and P. A. Patton, published by the
nomilar house of Bancroft S: Co.
look upon the captive Modocs as a
set of incarnate fiends for whom
death is but a mild punishment, and
forget entirely the feelings of those
tender-hearted advisers of the gov
ernment who regard the savages only
as erring children. The massacre is
both lamentable and disgraceful; but
the responsibility for it rests in great
part with the government, which
pursues such a puerile policy in deal
ing with Indian murderers. The
speedy execution of the ringleaders
in the lava bed tragedies will tend to
allay the angry passions of the Ore
gon settlers. Should that not take
place we would not be surprised to
hear of a general massacre of red
skins in that region ere many days
Definition' of a Pakty. The New
York Xatlon, a newspaper that genei-
The book is neatly gotten up and j allv knows what it is talking about,
splendidly bound, in morroeeo. It
is replete with interesting sketches
and anecdotes of San Francisco in
that early day and is very pleasant
Greading 'for "all the old settlers on
this coast. The amount of pleas
ure derived, from reading it is well
worth the cost, and a great deal of
information can be gleaned from its
thus defines the IteinihliVan
"It is held together as an organiza
tion solely by the possession of the
Government offices. This makes it
a real business concern, with ac
counts to keep, earnings to make,
dividends to distribute, and claims
to adjust. It consequently does not
need opinions, and, to do it justice,
makes no pretense of having any."
In discussing the evils of Chinese
migration and the existing depression
of business, consequent upon the
displacement of white labor by the
Chinese in the workshops, and other
places, the San Francisco Golden Era
hits the matter on the head in the
"The only measure of redress
which holds out any promise of relief
is the formation of anti-Chinese soci
eties all over, the Coast, the members
of which shall be pledged not to em
ploy Chinese, not to purchase goods
of those who do employ them, nor to
purchase goods of Chinese manufac
turers. They first propose these anti-
Chinese societies should be to make
themselves felt in the character of
purchasers. If one thousand men in
this city should effect an organization
under a solemn pledge not to employ
Chinese nor to purchase goods of in
dividuals of firms who might employ
them, it would greatly strengthen
the hands of such of our local manu
facturers as are now engaged in the
experiment of competing with Chi
nese manufacturers. If this one
thousand was multiplied by ten, as it
soon might be, the success of the
experiment would be assured. These
societies must be organized without
the aid of law, as vo law would be
constitutional that discriminated
against Chinese residents. Such or
ganizations could only be carried out
where the community is nearly unan
imous in favor of the object to be at
tained; but such unanimity, it is be
lieved, prevails in this State.
The experiment has been tried by
at least one man in San Francisco,
says the Examiner. We allude to
Mr. H. Sutliff, who is proprietor of
two large stores, 330 and 832 Kearny
street. As long ago as I860, Mr.
Sutliff, knowing what the results of
Chinese labor would be, formed the
resolution to neither employ Chinese
workmen, nor sell, nor purchase
cigars made by Chinese, and ho has
carried out this resolution to the
present day, and will continue to ad
here to it as long as he remains in
business. Many of his friends
thought it impossible for him to stem
the current of opposition to those in
the same trade who employed Chi
nese workmen, but he has done so
successfully, and instead of the one
small establishment which he com
menced with at the time of forming
this resolution, he now has two of the
largest in the city.
The following brief postal items
should be preserved:
CHANGES AFTEK JUNE 30, 1873.
1. Franking privilege abolished.
unuer this neaa the Jitirh-Je,
published at Eugene City, goes after
Surveyor General Odell and the Bad
ieal clique of Oregon in good style
It appears that other members of the
Legislature got surveying contracts
Our statesman from Clackamas was
not the only one. The Hawk-Eye
We started out on an independent
platform and promised the exposition
of fraud and corruption wherever we
louna it. An independent paper is
to its community what gas is to
dark alley. As it is now, politiea
theives and punderers have subsidiz
ed the press and placed in charge
bohemian writers to such an exten
that it is alarming to contemplate the
future. . We have no personal axe to
grind, or any personal animosity- to
satisfy, but we have a consciousness
of a power exerted by a corrupt ring
in Oregon, to which the Head of the
Land Office in Kugehe City belongs,
and we feel it a duty to the honest
voter, to let him see the actions of
this portion of this ring, and warn
him of their evil tendencies. ' This
galvanizing and whitewashing process
of party papers on party office-holders
is ruinous to our Itepublic, virtu
ally licensing crime, it tends to de
grade the nation. Public men require
public scrutiny, and if they are
willing to submit to it, or their
friends unwilling to have them
publicly examined, it is evidence
that there is a wrong covered up in
their actions, and they deserve pub
lic censure. We are warranted by
the popular voice of the people in
asserting that the political conduct
of Surveyor General Odell deserves
a rigid public analysis. These are in
part the questions we have been ask
ed, and we propose to answer them
truthfully. How is it that Hon. N.
Martin and Hon. A. AV. Powers
members of the last Legislature, from
this county, and avowed supporters
of Corbett for Senator, betrayed their
constituents, voted for Mitchell, and
now receive fat contracts of Govern
ment surveying? How is it that J.
H. Evan's, who possesses no practical
or civil engineering ability, was taken
off a cobbler's bench in a shoe shop
and theneefrom given a yearly con
tract of the best land in the State to
survey? Under what specific head
claim do H. C. and J. Owen get, a fat
contract to speculate upon ? What
suddenly caused Mr. Handley to
cease urging Gen. Odell's removal ?
Under what regulation can Mr. Byars
and Mr. Kelly le awarded a contract
and proceed to work before thu Sur
veyor General receives his annual
instructions? What regard is paid
to the Commissioner's instructions to
let contracts only to practical survey
ors? How Mas Odell's survey, refus
ed bv Applegate, worked in under
Odell ? Bv what process of economy
are Land Office elerks,bankmpts two
or three years ago, enabled to now
own fine city residences and 810,000
farms? Why don't Washburn, who
was elected a Mitchell man and voted
for him honestly, get a contract?
What does the Ha irk-Eye know of
documents extant in regard to Land
3. Official stamps must not
used except for official business.
4. Stamp of one department can
not Im? used for correspondence of
5. No matter can pass through
the mails frt-e.
0. Postage must be collected on
newspapers published in the county
7. Exchanges not free. Publish
ers must pay postage on each tx
8. Postal cards uncalled for are
not sent to the dead-letter office.
1). Postal cards cannot be sent a
10. Ordinary cards can be trans
mitted through the mails by affixing
one-cent stamp, provided the entire
message is printed. The address
may be written.
Letters Three cents for each half
on ice or fraction thereof.
Drop Letters Where delivered
by carriers, two cents for each half
o nice or fraction thereof. At other
offices, one cent for each half ounce
or fraction thereof.
Printed Matter One cent for each
two ounces or fraction thereof.
Seeds, bulbs, cuttings, roots, scions
chromos and engravings are classed
with printed matter.
Merchandise Two cents for each
two ounces or a fraction thereof,
limited to twelve ounces. "When
any of the above matter Is mailed
wholly unpaid and by inadvertanee
reaches its destination double rates
will be charged and collected.
State news on fourth page.
Celebrations in Oregon general to
day. Wheat is worth 70 cents in Yam
hill. Corvallis has a new fire bell weigh
ing 458 pounds.
There are 94 convicts in the Oregon
Penitentiary all males.
The hav crop this vear is the
heaviest ever known in Oregon.
The City Fathers of Forest Grove
are talking of naming the streets.
Hon. It. P- Boise is to deliver the
oration at Junction City to-day.
Both the flouring mills at MtvMinn
ville have shut down till after har
vest. A Grange was organized at Gingle's
school house, on Soap Creek, last
It is estimated that not less than
five hundred men have gone to the
new Ochoco mines.
Gen. Mart. Y. Brown is to deliver
the oration at Jefferson to-day. It
will be a good one.
A "Progress Club" has been incor
porated at Portland. The incorpora
tors are Germans.
Hacks will start in a few days on
a line to be established between La
fayette and Portland.
An assessment of forty per cent,
has been levied upon the capital of
the Albany Farmers 'Company.
The brick work on the State Uni
versity is progressing finely, several
feet having already been laid.
Seven thousand dollars in currency
was jrnid to the Warm Spring Indian
scouts at the Dalles last week.
Mrs. F. F. Victor is traveling in
Southern Oregon collecting material
for further literary works.
Bev. Thos. Condon, cf the Dalles,
has accepted the invitation to deliver
the annual address at the next State
It is reported that Biley Thorpe,
who was said to have been drowned
i l the Santiam last winter, has been
seen at Omaha.
Dr. B. C. Hill of Albany, will
shortly start for a trip to his old Ten
nessee home. We wish him a safe
voyage and a pleasant visit.
The big cut in the Santiam Canal
is completed and is full of water.
Work on other portions of the Canal
is being vigorously pushed.
The Corvallis College has just
closed a most prosperous year, and
will open the next collegiate year
with a still more flattering patronage.
Friday, over fifty Chinamen were
arraigned in the Police Court at
Portland for hiving thicker than
allowed by the "Cubic air" ordinance.
4 ay X! SeIlins at EuSene City
at s7 50 per ton.
D. Lowry who we last w-eek stated
had the small-pox at Portland has
since died of the disease. '
Janies Whitney, of the Dalles was
thrown from his horse last week, and
had one of his legs broken.
The celebration of the Masonic
fraternity at Baker City, on the 24th
ult., was largely attended by breth
ren from a distance.
Last week a man by the name of
V Uliam iradiey was lulled by a bank
caving m while ne was at work in
Bye Valley, Baker county.
M. M. Brown, of Douglas connfr
has been taken to the insane asvluro
l'eter. Kx. ivol-ii, an attorney oi Port
land, has been taken to the peniten
tiary for appropriating his clients
money, for one year.
The Executive Committee of the.
Jackson county Agricultural Society
have fixed upon Wednesday, Septem
ber 24th, as the day for opening tho
annual fair of the Society. The fair
will continue four days.
The w heat fields about the Dalles
present quite a contrast to those of
the Willamette Valley. Many fields
in that region are now about ready
for the reaper, "while in this valley
but few fields have fairly begun to
The graduating class at St. Helens'
Hall this year were Miss Laura P..
Adair, of Astoria; Mi Iola Bristow
of Eugene, City, and Miss Hortense
Van Fridagh.. We learn that the ex
ercises were very interesting and that
the examination w.as an honor to buth
teachers and pupils.
Frank Powers, of Springfield, last
w eek sheared 800 head of half-breed
cotswold sheep, the whole lot aver
aging over 8J pounds per head
Fifteen averaged 12 pounds apiece;
thirty-one averaged 11 pounds; forty
six averaged 10 pounds; sixty -seven,
averaged 0 pounds.
Considerable talk is going on in
Liun county concerning the sudden
departure of Martin Lwper, an old.
well known and respectable citizt-n
of that county. He closed up his
business m a business way, left am
ple provision for his children, came
to Portland and took the steamer for
San Francisco, sending word honitt
that he was going 'but not telling
The Grange of Patrons of Husban
dry, organized at Tangent a few
weeks since. Lave decided to build a
hall 20x40 feet, two stories in bight.
The wheat fields of Washington
county now present an appearance
that would strike the eastern wheat
grower with admiration and wonder.
Lafayette just now presents a lively
appearance. Carpenters are at work
in different portions of the town put
t'n j up new dwelling houses, burns,
There will be a basket meeting at
the camp-ground of the M. E. Church
South, near Dixie, Polk county, on
and Sunday, July 5th and
Important to Teachers.
Orator. General Joseph Lane is
to deliver the 4th of July oration at
Myrtle Creek,Douglas ceunty,to-day.
Though over 75 years of age, he is
still hail and hearty.and w ill gladden
the hearts of many listeners to-day
with his eloquence and patriotism. "
Office State Scp. Prnmc In- )
si'iu-fTiox, June 28, 1873. f
The first Semi Annual Session of
the State Board of Examination will
be held at Salem, at the ollice of the
Superintendent of Public Instruc
tion on the 7th day of July, 1873,
beginning at 10 o'clock a. m. Can
didates for Life Diplomas, State
Diplomas and State Certificates, will
then be examined in the studies
hertofore agreed upon and an
nounced by the State Board.
Applicants must report to the
State Superintendent promptly at
the hour named.
As this will be the only- State ex
amination held this year, all teach
ers who are desirous of obtaining
State Certificates of any grade, will
do well to avail themselves of this
opportunity by doing so.
Svl. C. Simpson,
State Supt. Public Instruction.
New Readers. We have received
a copy of the first reader of a series
being published by A. L. Bancroft
& Co., of San Francisco, by A. W.
Patterson, M. D., of Eugene City,
Oregon. The Book is well adapted
for the new beginner, and it being a
home production, no doubt will re
ceive a favorable consideration from
those who have the selecting of the
text books for our State. Should the
remaining numbers of the series be
equal to this volume, they will le
equal in every respect to any readers
now in use.
In-creasixo. ithin the past
month our subscription list has ma
terially increased. We are pleased
to add new subscribers to our list,
and hope that the Enterprise may
be taken by every family in the coun
ty.. It is the cheapest weekly pa-er
m Oregon for the amount of readin
matter it contains. Sub:
?2 50 per annum.
young Japanese, Mingoree
and Cameejio, arrived at Forest
Grove last Wednesday, from San
Francisco. They are going to school
in that place.
John Dupont was sentenced to the
Penitentiary for two years and Wil
liam Simpson was sentenced for four
years at the Dalles last week. Both
were convicted of larceny.
The peach crop usually so abund
ant about Walla Walla and the
Dalles, is this year almost a failure
from late frosts. The same is true h
Unipqna and Rogue river valleys.
The wagon road from Corvallis to
the beach at Yaquina, which has been
under way for live years past, is at
last finished, except the bridges on
some important streams and sloughs.
Bev. Thomas Navlor died in Lon
don, Eng., on last Friday afternoon.
and his son Richard Naylor, residing
in Cornelius, was apprised of the
fact at 2 o clock the same day.
The Pioneers of Portland were
beaten 14 runs by the Colho-f flnl
of Salem last Saturday. The score
stood: Pioneers, 4fj; College Club,C0.
Good for the College boys.
The horse men of Albany will
match three carriage teams of that
city against any other three teams in
the State for (speed and style), at
the approaching .Linn County Fair.
A runaway at Salem last Thursday
resulted in throwing Dr. Jossup and
wife and Mrs. W. W. Martin out of
a buggy, bruising all of them and
dislocating trs. Jessup's shoulder.
At a meeting of the Albany Farm
ers' ComiKuiy on Saturday, the 22d,
1 ),v unanimous vote of the shareholders
the capital stock of the Company was
increased from 10,000 to o0,(J0.
The graduates of tho Albany Col
lege this year were Miss. Corn',!. Ir
vine, Miss Maria G. Irvine. Miss
Mary J. Hannon, and Mis-s Weltha
M. Young, all of wl
themselves w ith honor.
At a regular meeting of Spencer
Butte Lodgo. No. 9, I. O. O. F., the
following officers were elected to
serve for the ensuing six months: J.
J. Walton. Jr.,.N. G. ; Wm. Kilings
worth, V. O.; Joel Ware, 11. S.; B.
F. Dorris, Tresis.
Mrs. Sutton, wife of the late- John
Sutton, of Portland, who was lost
with the ill-fated Wright, has peti
t oued the Government to send a
vessel in search of some remnant of
the lost steamer, or any definite evi
dence concerning her loss.
Mr. Goldsmith, President of tho
W. R. T. Co., has kindly tendered
the use of one of the Company's
steamboats to Albany Engine No. 1,
for an excursion on the 4th of July.
The boys .have accepted the tender
and will exewrsh up the Willamette
i on that day.
here to or why. He took about
10,000 with him.
The Dalles municipal election re
sulted as follows : Mayor, R. Grant;
Reorder, James A. Campbell; Mar
shal, Samuel Klein; Treasurer, E.
Wingate; Counciluieu, F. Dehm,
W. French, Geo. A. Lit be and John
Morun. For the fifth Coaiu-iluiuii
the following gentlemen received the
same number of votes: N. II. Gates.
A. C Pht-lps, L. Newman and J. M.
Peail,and the matter is t-till unileciu
ed. An exhibition by the pupils of the
School for the Blind, &t Salem, was
givt n last Wednesday. The exvrt ises
commenced with an address by Mi.
Simpson, the blind teacher, to the
memlers of the Board of Education,
expressing in wry appropriate terms
her gratitude for favors so f;ir shown
to her pupils and herself, solicitii g
the future exertions of the saute, ;.nd
on their and her own behalf, promis
ing their utmost cf Torts to promote,
the best interests of the institution.
The Jacksonville Sentinel of Sat
urday last has news from the fn ir.
that eleven of the worst Modocs, in
cluding Captain Jack, are securely
ironed and lu-ed in the blockhouse,
w hile the others are kept in barracks
enclosed by pickets 20 feet high. A
strong guard is kept up, night ar.d
day. The Commission is not yet or
ganized; cause too much red tape.
No fault, however, of (ien. Dais.
As soon as the Commission is organ
ized, which will be completed in a
few days, the General will start with
a large forje on his contemplated
Isaac Henshaw, of Polk county,
drowned himself on Friday of last
week in Goose Creek, lie is the
same man who, a year ago last
spring, went into the mountains and
remained until he was nearly starved
and his feet so badly frozen that they
had to be amputated. His object
then was to die of starvation. This
time he adopted the surer, quicker
and less painful way of dying by
drowning. No cause is known why
he should wish to end his life. lh
is supposed to have been partiaby
insane at the time. He was well off
in this world's goads, and leaves a
children; some of
Go After Them. The- llt,rk-Ee
published at Eugene City, by the.
Gale- Bros.., Ixb. good Radicals, i
evidently goi;g after tho x-htial
head of Surveyor- 5??neral Ghil.
Elsewhere will V found an article
taken ivop$ tha,t paper, which indi
cates that, like our statesman from
tls county, members, of the last log-,
islativre were gentlly to be iaid oil
with surveying contracts if they were.
Corbett men when elected, if tbS
xofed for Mitchell. Sjf-it v.ilibesetu
that the people are eventually to. pay
for his election, after all.
A New Political Ihea. A curious,
proportion has been introduced lut'1
the Ohio Constitutional Convention
It is to establish what is called tlK
principle of "tecaH" in case of nieiu-.
lie.rs.of the Legislature; that is, f'1"
mitt ing the juniority of any constitu
ency to recall and dismiss their l'V
rescntativc from the service whenever
they get tired of him,, whether hi
term has, expired or not.
The death of Judge Wilson vi'd
necessitate a special election ff
Congressman lefore the. first of iixt
No Change. We have no thi'1p
to note in 'our market reports fro
those published last week.
wife and seven
The graduating exercises of the
Academy of the Sacred Heart, locat
ed at Salem, and under the auspices,
of Most Holy Names of Jesus and
Mary, took place, last Monday, siul
the Annual Commencement on the
following day. Six young ladies
Misses Maggie McManus, Margaret
Cosper, Zella Savage, Dora Havden.
Estelle Hayden and Ella Honlt
have completed tho curriculum of
studies whieh entitles them to grad
uating honors with the diploma ami
gold medal tf tue Academy. Tin
other exercises will comprise essay
on interesting topics, together whh
vocal and instrumental musical selections.
... '"'- - - -?.'.
" 1 11 mill II ll iMaMMUllMI
UNIVERSITY CF CALIFORNIA,