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About Oregon City enterprise. (Oregon City, Or.) 1871-188? | View Entire Issue (Feb. 14, 1873)
ii i' .r''"'' " t ft ani'i ' T ir--
-Mf-A UftJJWt 'JUIMiJH J Jin WM.
-.K OF CLICK MAS CO 1'STt .
oni:;;n riTV, ouncnx, feb. ii, istj.
Suing1 fr Peace.
Klseuticre we uM!sh a protest
from (ov. G rover to the Peace
(lominissixm-wliu-h is to meet Cnjit.
Jark to-nTorrotv ami see on wliat
terms he wil accept tlie hospitali
ties of otirlnimaiie ai.ul benevolent
I'lK-le Sam. Tlie points made ly
the (luvernorare impregnable and
;-liould be beeded by this Commis
sion. The Governor holds that
tlie Peace Commission has no ricrht
to treat with the murderers tn tlie
soil of Oregon which shall release
them from punishment for their
crimes, perpetrated before the
trooMs attempted or a.-ked them to
on their reservation, ami before
any hostilities were made. That
lle-v must, be j;iveii no and tried in
(im- State Courts the. same as any
other murderers. The land vh;e:i
it is ntggested should be given
these savages as a condition of
peace, Jiclongs to thecState, and
lias been tak:i "up by actual
n-tller--, and it would be unjust to
compel these people to ive up
their homes. The title to these
l.t'i Is w as in the lirst place pur
chased from the Modocs, and they
cannot now make any claim to it.
The couise of tlie Administration
in this matter is most disgraceful,
and a simple blip for rebellious In
dians hereafter tomurdcr innocent
and unprotected whites. We have
im doubt, a has been charged, that
oie of the principal causes of the
AIo Iocs refusing to remain -hju the
reservation was, that they were
starved, and that the Indian Agent
did not -give them the allowances
made to them by thr Coveriinieiit.
We find this eharge inade openly
by a correspondent in the San
Francisco ( 'iron i-i: , as follows:
c",.rr, ..,:,(!. -n: Whom do von suppose
is 'tunic li I'i'iy '" I s is-1 1 '.'
Mr. Sit t ie We!!, then arc sever. i!.
TI...-I' AiT'-i'.i'v ; . I ;i:c main'y rt-s;nn
sili !. 1 ' 1 1 -- were detei miiii d to have
lllir-e Iiali :liS (!l the. L'e.-elVation Ul'd
cm !dn'! H-sl ensv un;ii by llli: reptesen'a
inn they jiot the Govei iiueiiit to order
U.i-ir ii auster.
(". ri es-. undent Why were they so iir.x
Mr. Ste-l Wi-ll sir. 111 tell von om-rrn-u;i.
A few il In l' )l f t!;t; fi.ia!
trf:tOllt Vt';li!l Nil" vll" ;IS lllN-i W :u ll
ki l.- l tlu-i e'He-im in'o tnwii to pi-t me to
try ami 'lo rti im-: li'u '' to prei rve ttn
,ri. lie 111. -n tol l me th it ; 1 i 1 1
C'li ilit Molji i-r li id h.-ell est:lli'.i.!iOil
t!t.v-; ill it -J. I) Aj' l U'' uml A. II
M.- ieiii'ai ami otliers cuiiiM-eleil with the
Kl ill) Oil I:.-'1V.I ii.ll h::il j'ist Ciric'il'l-'l
a r.-'i.'j irl ir'Ht Hn'in-f7r s- for t!u' .-ti;ji!y of
li, i t to tin- Inili ins. Tln'V h:ol i.-t out tile
lOll'rt.Ct to ; llll ','(.. Ill i 1 1 1 1 Oil. to fllltlisfl
t!i- In el at e'.i-v.'ii ci tl a poiui.l on foot.
1 1 - -1 1 any settler on Lost river ami !'r
' ini:.s iu iiii.'iil - wool. I have been :! el
to lurni-!i it ai live ceiiis. !). yon see
now where the joUe is? Ol ci"He tlie
iioif In Ii UK. tin' more nioiitl'.s M leed:
:uel the nmre ne'iiUi-. more beef at
e'eVea cents a pound. -
4 irres j n a del it Lx.icly.
if. Steele Jn-t so.
f.iric-ji. indent We!!, aoo' din o
.1 i U's -Miy it would m .ke ten liiiledif
fereave how in 103- I.-idiuis there were;
1 1 . t re o. ild ue !io mole heet used.
Now we have not the slightest
doubt but these are facts; but why
l.ou!d not the agtu's and the
Credit Mobiliers be punished, and
not the innocent who have been
shun? Let the Government put
them back on the reservation ami
appoint honest men to take care of
them, and not create another reser
vation which will" make a new
opening for morc Iladieal thieves
to be placid in otltce. The murder
.f the pioneers on our borders de
man. is redress, and we arc pleased
to note in the protest made by the
" . 1 1 "
..10 vernor. that we have a man at
the head of ourfState d
our; tale uepartmeut
who will see that the rights ot tlie
11... . ... !
. 11 I
)peoo!e are protected against the
a .g ssionsof either Mo loe Indians
.1 - 9 - 1
or their svmoat In.mg friends at
v as;nngton. e agiee uuu rv n-
- I . .1 I.
y : . 1 .. 1
at or t'ol-, al Calilurnia, vlu says
:ic r-fu-tion v 1 he :iceent e. 1 hv 1 o
lii.'iie.ns a a victory. 1 lesides, anv
l! 1 ...Tt : .. . .( .1... "t ...1 .
, . , - , .
! Illl ii t If, l.l l t ! Ii t I r, i ! i i .
i:t'l H L .H;l IT1 111! .Ill ' till Si
oe in:t ic inio.i '.i iue viegou ill-
,- . o .
....... .. ..
For cool impudence, the edit or of
t!ii' Jacksonville N- nii.u'l snri asses
" '"i '4 "1
his Kadical cotemporaries. In an
article n the Credit Mobilicr last
. . i i.''.,wJVtlV t o A o'r vMI'leV.-.-o.'
week, he savs that manv lea ling
,i " - "
m -tubers of not. i paities m Con
,. , x- .
truth of the matter is, thereis but
u9 Democrat, be it said to. his
i ii-i t ,t .. ,
sh.imeand dishonor, whi.e tin re are
, '. ,. ,
Ut h ai nfteeli leading Kadica,-,
II:; licaN, ainotig them Vice Prcsi-
dent tnllax, and Nice l'rcsi.lent
elect. Wilson, uho are implicated
t, , . 1
iu th msgracehil transacUot ,
ThegKadieals are responsible for
this gigantic, robbery of the peopled
imm'ey, and they cannot shoulder
the miamy on the Democracy.
The bill introduced by Mr. Slater
to provide for persons euteriu"
timbered iands, which we publish -
-ii. ' i. i, . . . i .i i
eit hist woik, lias pusscvl the Power
of C ongress.
A Change Needed.
The question of chanin the
Federal Constitution so as to do
away with tlie system of electing
the President and Vice President
by electoral votes, has been agitat
ed the present session of Congress.
(jl here are manv arguments in favor
of this change, and none can deny
but what the present system is open
to many objections and abuses.
We are not of those who desire to
tamper with our National Consti
tution, but a change in this respect
and also the ni:n.:n r of electing U. ;U1(1 inm.ity to our .Legislative
S. Senators, should be made. They ; Halls, and fl.e Executive Depart
should be elected by the people j iue:it. A President will be no
.i: n. ,i ,.."i,,..,,,;..,-;tv ' lonircr tempted to prostitute the
mini, itiiii ui iiiv i nihil mil win t
determine the result. This would
be Democratic, and would be much
more preferable. Under the pres
ent system, a very small majority
in a State determines the lesult of
:i l.ire State, while dividing the
various Slates into districts, would
tjive all an epial chance. At the
lsl 0yet'ioii, two distinct electoral
tickets are reported trom Louisana.
While it does not make any differ
ence this time which one of these
are counted, at some future time it
may. In that event, it mi.ht de
termine the result of the Presiden
tial election against the leal ma
jorit v, and under the twenty-second
rule f Congress, if an election is
thrown into the House il is provid
ed that if an electoral vote is
ohjected to the Senate shall retire
to its chamber and each House
shall separately consider the objec
tion, and if the two Houses do not
aree then the vote shall not be
counted, by such disagreement a
State may be deprived entirely of
its vole. In this manner a Presi
dent and Vice President may be
elected against the will of the ma
jority. Another jjreat objection to
the present, system is, that a Presi
dent may be elected by a manority
vole of the people.
The system propose! not only
remedies this, but makes the Su
preme or District Judges a tribunal
before whom all questions of con
troversy which may arise can be
tried, and takes the matter entirely
out of Congress. A Democratic
exchange, speaking on this subject,
thus ably argues against the pres
ent system and in favor of the
"The present system by an Elec
toral College is not in harmony
with the true theory of republican
Ljovernment. It may be ured by
some that there is more danger in
the popular vote than in any other
'mode, but late developments in
regard to the methods resorted to
i i older to influence and control
Electoral Colleges or legislative
bodies, warns us that they are not
like Ca'sar's wife, above suspicion
and influence. Evtn grave and
aged Senators are shown to have
purchased their seats. We trust
that the Constitution will not only
be amended so as to change the
method of electing the President
and Vice-President, but also so as
to make Senators elective by the
popular vole of the people of each
State. Under the piesent system,
by the use of money and the influ
ence of professional and corrupt
lobbyists, corners are made upon
the election of Senators, as they are
in Wall street on Erie or some other
fancy stock. The elements of fit ness
i entirely overlooked, and the
I !"M";!;ir v.-ill entirely disregarded.
i Legislative bodies are eo!'i"tipte I,
and demoralized, and bribed, and
tl.,. m ... ,....i.ioi-.l the
i.. III. Ill II ll'l Villi viflillll.il.'.
most money is the winning man
"b demoraliat ion and con option
! 'I1'11 SOM,u;r or 1:;tor' if ,,ot ,l'UU';.
1 'lie. 1, sap the very foundations of
,,.1 . 1- i .
our whole tio 11ic.il structure.
S.:ne nro:.ose as a r.-medv lornr
; tan 1 1 c eU'ctiun jiriviU'ix :ini t
! 1111 ."'HCiai ami manv ol her unices
1 - .
; by annoim mc.it t hot -o-,. n .v h.i-t - !
- . 11 1 - 1
i v e.
i in-v talk of ihe dcmoi ;;!i.a-
' . 1 ...
i "'-u ami nu apacit v ot tlie je.'tipie as
' 1 . 4 - . . . 4 I .
ti.m and nu aj.acit v of tht
i th.. ..... .,, ' ..: . .. o . ,
v.iv. u.u iiui.tM, iui i in- nasv i-a
j demonstrated lhat while tin- peojh-
ma,iora Uttle while le intiueneed
l'V ihe lias.io!. 1 1 ... or, i ::.;,,., ,('
1 . 1 t - . . '
I I 'I
; oie h.ur, th.it in tin. inaiii, they are
I honest and patriotic, ami tliat as
! ls lassi.m has time to cool ami i
' ,iasuI1 ) reasser; its lominiun,t hat.
! l,u y v, 'b act for the goo.i. and that
! . t,,. .. ... i - , , . :
- ' I'lghei -ahove t he in laenees
! of et rrnption and brilu rv than tl
j majority of men who" represent
l;um iu b-gisl.nive bodies. Again,
i l'K'' :u'-' too miiiu rous to be re e-li.
. t wi. , ., '
iMV' s,Kh I'lfb.iences. rIhe onlv
safety ot our form of government i's
! in the education of the masses an 1
'"-4'";g 4 -met. s elective h- tlifi"'1.'111"1""1""1
' VUC- "vi Svn:'l",s be elected by I Tiiere will be
t'"-' lT'nar vote, and v.m will m.t ' ;ih fVonMhis r
,,0 ;innovtll 1)V these swarms of i '
j luld.yUs that"gather n,n,l ''HV
! legislative halls on the eve of a
Senatorial contt, like buzzards
uiooini a iii-.ni i.iu.es. 1 hey are
i luiais ot ni omen, ami presage tio
1 good. Wherever they assemble
their ole object is prey, and they
: "re.c:Ul,lir ",lt llle. u'r)' vitals of
purity and honesty in our State an.l
. r i t - . , 1
national Legislatures. L nder an
existing act of Congress it is an
offence punishable by three years'
imprisonment and perpetual disa
bility to receive a bribe. If the law
was enforced ho v many would be
serving their country in a peniten
tiary instead of our National Leg
islature. tate laws in regard to"
bribery should also be enforced.
We favor the amendment proposed
and would ijo further and favor one
!enirt"4ieninir the Presidential term
of oflice to six years, and make the
President- ineligible for a second
term. And also United Stall s
Senators should bo elected by the
popular vote, as you elect a Gov
ernor. Adopt these amendments.
mil -oii will fur-ini fi'stiiri' imritv
patronage of his oflice during the
first term to secure a re-tlection for
a second. 3Ien will no longer se
cure seats in the Senate b- bribery
and money. They will come fresh
from' the people, and be directly
responsible to the people. Con
gress will no longer possess the
power in any contingency to defeat
th choice of the people, and we
will have no minority."
Opinions of the I'ress.
Our exchanges generally call for
no peace terms for the Modoc mur
derers. The llulltiln says:
Our Government sues for peace
with the Modocs. If it cannot
vanquish ami bring these murderers
to punishment tlie State of Oregon
rint. The Government may beg a
p.ace with these criminals, but
Oregon will not; and moreover,
treaty or no treaty, Oregon will
enforce her laws against savages
who have wantonly murdered her
citizens, whciievt-r and wherever
the State authorities can find the
offenders. These murders were
committed within tlie jurisdiction
of the State, and the murderers, if
ever caught, will be subject to trial
under the Slate's laws.
The AVf'Vr.NVi '' says:
More foolishness ( )rders have
been issued to tlie Military author
ities to suspend operations against
the Modocs "till the Peace Com
missioners shall have a chance to
make an appeal to Captain Jack's
well-known magnanimity and chris
tian philanthropy. When shall we
have done with this ridiculous and
senseless sentimentalism in the
treatment of Indians? Christian
graces wont stand oST'the incarnate
dcviUry of a si wash, and there's no
use trying it.
Tlie Jiii'Iitii, speaking of the
Governor's protest, says:
His Excellency, Governor G ro
ver, lias addressed tt) the Modoc
Peace Commission a communica
tion in which he very properly
protests in behalf" 01 the State
against any negotiation or settle
ment with these Indians which
it condone tiieir crimes or
surrender to them any portion of
the lands they claim as a seperate
I Jesc'rvation. The Governor gives
a brief but entirely clear and accur
ate statement of the case against
thcs; Indians It is filling that
such a protest should come from
the Executive of our State. Al!
its points are exactly in accord
with the positions heretofore taki n
by the Ihi'ht'n. Our State author
ities and our whole people hold the
killing of citizens by these Indians
to have been deliberate murder,
which should be duly punished.
They also hold that those who
were not e ngaged in the pel pet ra
tion of these murders should be
compelled to return to their own
Pescrvalion, and that the project
of a new Reservation for their ac
commodation should not be enter
tained. Without doubt the Gov
ernor in his communication sfales
the sentiments of the entite people
of Oregon, and we are glad that he
has sent forward this protest to be
placed in the hands of the Com
mission. There are but two points
to discuss in the negotiation for
peace; first, that the murderers
shall redelivered no: second, that
the remainder of l heir baud go back
to their Uesei vation and stay there.
The Or-Jon t'.'i says:
Tiiere can be no doubt that tin
general sentiment of the people ol
Oregon is hostile to the p. an oil
treating with the Modoc butchers
on anv terms but war to the knife.
And this sentiment is not accom-
nai.i d by any desire for useless
1 - -
carnage. it is no longer a maitcr
t policy with us tins jiioitoc
nest ion but it ha become "a
forced necessity that these red
fiends should be reduced to com
plete submission or cxtenainalcd
' . .
io(l and hrau. ii. i hey have now
shown t hi ir true disposition, which
is to scalp and pillage. Hut a Peace
Commission has bee!
and we are forced to
. . . ...
the ha mis of the govern
U has been appointed,
ccept it at
aril" tliese vliabolical murderers
i e become.
Airs. Daniway and her followers
are to have a grand mass conven
tion at Portland, commencing to
day and continuing over to-morrow,
some wonderful re-j
athering, no doubt. S
!...,. . it i i . i i
, V , ,"U!'1"i:iU,, " 1 " .a I
V'llUu or hhi' to y
Exi.auoko. The Catholic S-n- j
find of the 8th inst. comes to us j
much enlarged and made up in au j
eight page form. It is now as neat j
a paper as there is in the Slate, j
Success to you, friend Herman. I
AN I.MPOItTANT DOCUMCX .
(Jov. 12 rover Protests gainst the Peo
ple of .Southern Oregon being Hob
bed. T1IE FEOPI.E WIT, UK C.ft.VTKFCI. TO Til i; I It
State ok Okkuox. I akcctive Ornei:.
Sai.km. Fehrnary l!). IsT.l.
To the Commissioners aopoinfed to eon
dude peace with the Modoc Indian-
iJentlernen: As the Stale if Oregon is
deeply interes el in th-" results of th
pending Indian IVace .Commission. I tie
sire to express to you :i few sujjesuons
bearing upon the salject about to engagu
From official report? made to me. ami
from other reliable inforneiiion. it appears
Conclusively established 'h;'t massacre
of eijjhieen citi.ens of Orepon on the th
of November last was committed without
provocation and without notiee - cut'in?
ami shooting men down in cold blood at
their homeland in their fields. on by one
as they were found, by Indians who had
not, been attacked by the soldiery nor
otherwise molested, and who could speak
our laniruaire and were personally ac
quainted wkh their victims. The homes
and f irms of the s! inu'a'ered settlers were
tipiui laml.s to which the Indian title had
'wz since been extinguished by treaty.
These acts I hold to lie deliberate and
willful murder. Over r-uch ofe-nes I con
C -ive the civil authorities f this State
coiistiuite the only coinpeieiit and litia!
tribunal. I ilesire therefore to ptotesi on
behalf of the Sla'e of Oregon e'ainst
any action. ot the Commissiori which shall
puroort to condone the crimes of the Mo
dues or compound their ollenses.
The people of ()rreon desire, that the
murderers shall be eiveri up. and be de
livered over to the civil authorities lor
trial and punishment.
As to 1 he land on Lost river, which some
have fuipriresleti s-houid be surrendered to
the ?Iodoes as t peace oiFeiirii; allow ue
to say lhat these lands h,e whidly wilh'n
1 he S ate of Oreyjo 1. and wi-hin the juris
die 1 ion of the Su per 111 ten dent of Indian Af
lairs for Oregon; that the Indian ti le to
these lands was extinguished bv treaty,
fairly m;nle through the ): tuii Supeiia
tendeney. between the .Modocs and the
General ( lovernment. on ihe Ilih day ot
October. lSfet. 'I'fiey have Vieen urve ed
uiier the direction of the Surveyor (Jen
eral of Oregon, ami the surveys were
hoiij since approved bv the (leneial I.aod
Oilice. Tlie.-e lands have beer, exn-nsive
lv taken and are. tmw occupied bv bona
fide settlers, onder the h'iiuetead iimi
pre-i-mpiion laws of I he Uni'ed States.
The Commi-tsioil will thelef.re have ii"
more power to declare a ivserv.-tiion on
Lost liver. ilO:'.Uulll'r these hetllemen's. to
in ike ttie same a basis of oe tce with these
IndiatiS. than they have to provide !r
their establishment upon any other settled
portion ot thisStite.
l-'orihe interests of Sau'hern C'regon
au I for 1 li- future pence ! our sua i hern
Irontier, I will express iht- hope and eon
lidence that the project if a resi-rva'ion
on Lost river will not be entertained by
ihe Coisruission. and that the Modoes will
eii her cousent to return to iheir own res
ervation or to be as.-igaed lo bounds be
yond the seltiem-'tUs.
h great respect I am your obedient
servant, L F. (iutivnt.
(ioveruor ol Or'goii.
Orco'-n Kail road 5'rospecta.
A late number of the Wr.st. published
at San Francisco, ha ihe following on the
future prospects of railroads in Oregon,
and we believe the position taken is
about t rue:
Whether the Orcenn ,'ind C.ilifor'ii i
It I'lroad will be bui t oevo id li i-eh urjr
the coming vear is somewhat ilouh tu'.
To beein with, llo'lail ty has set rir -1 to
h sriiiro.id all the enrvintr trade ol the
L'lniupi a Valley : ari l tiie money expend
ed by the Federal (rever ninent ,'or inttirov
inir the navig aiion of the Umpqu i River
was jn-t 5."). 0 )1 tiirowri away or "riven
to reimburse a few defeated vt'i iei ins
for their e'ec'ion e-;et;s s in 187'! Then
fiis railroad terminus i-- s -ve,-i'v live m:!e
nearer Jacksonville, ih-n (iwni fi'v.
whenee the K'.ne River Valley h ive
hi herfo hauled w;ha: 'h'-v wear arid eoti
8 line wlih :vt i ' n o y beto r wapo mad
Freih's averiire tnree ceiits per teerid
from Sin Frat ciseo to Jack-ririi b -the
Crescent City rmre. In t the loss lv
breakera'e is enormous, so that be'ore
an- ther year Ihe J icksonvihe people will
ship two thirds of their jroods bv the Col
umbia River thilji illu-t'ra'irig tlie firce ol
the old ad-lae th it Ihe :mre.-l wav
round is trie surest wav home.'' Agiia.
the route south of Rnselitni; is over u
broken, rolling country . which affords bir
little distance to overcome elevations,
hence the gradients would be heavv and
wear out iron very fast, in addition to
requiring m vast, amount of pi'ing and
trestle-work. without anv coordinate rec
omiieose in the way of incvase i carrying
irafiic. Aufither obstacle is that Am-ri-c
ti railroad securities are very low in
the Lifopean markets ( w here thev are
alo' e negoiiable to any great ex'en') and
the iruc'ii;e adopttd by the Norihern
rait'n: (ompaey aid bv'Mr. Uolladav.
l selling mil Ihe Ian.) giants of the road
to an association, and taking stork in thai
associ i ion iu payment, his heen a disas
trous move for boili i iriies above named.
The object was of onus" t) ir,. huio-r
Oliees lui" ihe l.iud (Ji m 'he Olgillic acts
i I'ended should have be-n charged to
settlers, or iuicha'eis of anv sort, for
that tu itter. And while we d not seek
to raise the question of fai h ot sales ol
this kind, from companies to rings of land
speculators composed of the ullieers o!
such Companies we mu.t express the be
lief that iliese traiis'eis of land gfints will
re'ard la'her thin advance thecomfile
tion of the Oregon and Wa-hin -ton Terri
We are told that lien Ilolladay,
a financier and speculator of great
renown in the Pacific .States, when
once asked to help elect a candidate
for the Senate, said that he had
owned stock iu pretty much overv
species of property, from a Missouri
bull-team to an ocean steamship
line, but never yet in a United
States Senator; he would like a
lew shares. J" 1 . Tribune.
Ien evidently never made this
assertion, lie had the controlling
interest iu Williams when he was
Senator, and if we are not much
mistaken, he has a large, share in
the newly elected Senator from
There are deficiencies in what is
called at Washington the u le
partineiit of Justice," and Attor-
nev-Geiuiral Williams asks fur au
appropriation ot .300,000 to cover
lllem. Year before last the expenses
of this department were Go9,-
367 35 ; last year the appropriation
was 03,200,000, and even this fell
short, lint year before last Grant
'I'd not have to be re-elected,
" Department of Justice" indeed!
Money can't cover its deficiencies.
Oregon has over twei;ty-Sve distiaci
Rev. Mr. Rowland of the Christiaa
Cuurcb at .Salem is very ill.
Portland expanded on street work,
dining the year 1672. $05,310 17.
The late Herman Festival at Portland
ueueu aoout 5o,ij);). I,v:tv n-11()d.
A cherry tree
Ponrrhts county had
u. essoins on it every d y in January.
The Ladies of St. Pant's Church. Salem,
will hold a Valentine Festival to night.
Work cn the Portland hridge across the
tt i'.lainette will be commenced next Mon
day. Some enterpiising mPn are talking oT
sorting an iron foundry near East Port-
Five nersors received the baptismal
rite by immersion at Salem on Suuday
Mr. Hugh Small was admitted to citi
zenship in the United States Circuit Court
B. E. tanpincott. of Yamhill, has crone
to Si.etz Reservation to take an otlicial
position under Genera! Palmer.
The appreciations for Indian service
in Oregon this year is s 1 1 :!.tlllt. and ex
ceed 'hose ot las; year .-S.jti.uu0.
Parties went down frim Rosehurg last
woei to take the ste oiier Enterprise from
the Uinpnua to ihe Willamette river.
Fears are entertained at Portland of
t! e safety of the (h-o. S. Wr:gl l. which is
eighteen d ivs over due at th it pl.eje.
Mes-rs. Jesse Atiplejja'e. .V. 15. Meachatn
and Simuel Ca-e are tl Peace Co minis
sion" to wait upvii tiie M idoc muideiers.
The little child of E. Znmwalt. of P.en
to i. v.'hoin the papers of last week rep.Tt
el as so severely scalded, has since died
The Odd Fellows Lodge at A'b iny is
rrowin rapidly in numbers. The pro
ject of building a temple, the .coming sea
son, is mooted.
Mr. Augustus- Knight of Corvallts has
in his garden a China (.) lince tree, i r
shrob. which is now covered wi.h rich
red buds and full blown liower.
A bar-room "r. ngh atid tumble" fiji,!
tic k place at Eola a few days ago. bu'
f iritinCely beyond broken noses and
blackened eyes no harm wus done.
Mr. Henry Gillry. Private Secretary
to ihe Governor, started on Monday tor
l.ii-ki ille. on business eonneeo-d wi-.h
Sia'.e lauds iu llie Klamath country.
It is thought that Elias Keeny who sho'
I'el'on a'. 11 irrisburg last week, he
e-eaped by w.-.y of ihe Ing.'r.e M i-K' n.ie
wagon road across ihe Cascade lunlitiliiiiis
On Wednesday evening of last we?k
the District Deputy (hand M.is-er. .Mr.
Wm Michell. organized Mount Hood Me
In kah Degree bodge. No. 5, 1. O. O. F. o!
The oldest exts'ing Good Ti mn' o
I o Ige in 'he S a'e is at J. lf. rson. The
h'g!i"st otli -er of the s.itne ore; .rrz v'ion
re,id--s itl the sun.' pl.i-e. viz.: Jacob
C msor. G. W. C. T.
Jerry Creeks, who was wounded in the
ti.'ht of January ISih. y the Mod -i's
d ed on tlie ."oh' ins). Lieut Roberts is
also in a er'eieal eondi'ion. The rest o!
tlie .vou;ii-d are doin well.
A E'ljrefio si-hrol te-ic'.er m-ikes l.is np
pearme iu the si-hool room i h a piiie
iu his month, piiifiair lie a Mi is-.:p;i
liver steamer, nod oeeasioila o V suspends
o;iei a'ioos to pro -ore a ciiaw"' from
some one of his pupils.
Tie W ilia met to Navlg-tt'oi Company
it is . iid. h a ve siilimi' - 1 a (iropo-i : ion to
carrv wheat Iro n torvliis to portl ir.il at
seven and a half cent- bn-he. if insur
ed Ihe whoie tnde for five years.
Fi ni the Eugene Gnurd: ".T. P. Fu
ll tw o 1 a dav or two since disposed of
lht Post ():Ve-e huildiiis. corner of Wil
lamette an I Eia'ti siree's. lo Eugene
L. il:e. No 11. A. F. A A. M., for the'sum
Key. J. II. Turner, recently from Mis
sum, and eminent divine, has . t led in
Pendleton. Fin ii'll.i county, ris'ern ()rc
go i. h-re he is ab oil to pub i-h a re
I gious journ i! devoted lo the evangelical
iii'.ere.-'.s ot Eis'ern Oregtm.
Savs the St ttr.snfin : '"Ten torts o!
munition of war h ive just been forwird
ed to the Modoc conn'ry trom Port Van
eouver. to lie in store a! headrpi.iriers till
the Peace Coininis'-ioners get throng!)
wi'h their farce entitled. "-The Modoc Mis
si m tries, or How to Reward Good In
Over 1"!) persons and firms pay a tax
of more than Soil each in .lacksnn coun'y.
Tiie heaviest tax payer of individuals is
C. C. Peckman. who pavs S til IC. The
firm paving heaviest is hat of Sac lis Pros.,
which contri'm'es to the county finanevs.
tlie sum of S VJ'J til.
From the S!tttsmun of Saturday: "The
Po n d ot Education for the S'tate of Ore
gon under the law unproved October "JD.
1S72. effected :i preliminary organiz it ion
yesterday. Mr. Simpson having qualified
as Superintendent of Pnb!;c Instruc'ion.
The po ird consists of the Governor, the
Secretary and the So peri., t mdenl.
We l.an frotn Shetid in. Yamhill conn
tv. tiiat Cov. H isbrook's hired man. who
was suspected of the murder ot Hus
bronk. has had a preliminary examination
and been S"nt hi jail. He was not allow
ed to give trail. The slorv he 'old of the
two men is m'irely dicredi!ed. and there
is sid to be strong ciicuuistaucial cvi
deuce agnius'. him.
From the Ti'-''s'rr ; As the summer
aot.roacl;es. the I ti ectoi s of TheAlb'tiy
atul .'"iiu'iain Canal Company nre making
prepar tt'ions to proceed wi'h its cons'ruc
t'on. We le irn trom the President of the
Co'npinv. L. F.lkins. E-ij ." that Caut.
Smith, late I'gineer of the Locks at the
Falls of the Willamette, has been employ
ed to thorimjrhl y survey the rmi'i' from
the portion ef the Canal already fi.-rshed
to Albany, and ihat he commeuccd oper
ations early ia the we k.
The Ifemry copies the f.il'owir.g ex
tract from x lefer to Gen. John F. Mil'er.
by General Whe iton: -1 hope we will
not require more men than the regulars
now en route. Tie-re are indica'ious that
'Jack" has been belly holt and is lire.l
o" war. He evidently w auts peace, and
i Ids fearful snow crowds him some. An
nricoudi 1 m il surrender will be the on'y
t"i m. I told Fairc hilds t. inform his
messenger that if thus.; terms were not
speedily accepted we would kill thetn all
l!' h took us years, but tea days' fighting
would tlnish thelll."'
The Ti -ilUtin '.ys: four months ago there
lived in this eiy a in in and h:s wife by
the name of Pendleton. He timk her to
Astori i for her health and left her there,
pi-oniisiiig to return in ten davs. Since
that time nothing has been seen of him.
Mrs. P. returned, and has been very sick
tor three months past. Her condition for
some time required great a tentiioi and
car- (she h is a stnih infant), and ih-htc's
coming to the knowledge of the Cotmtv
Commissioners yesterd iv. an order was
made extending relief t a.e amount of
J0 per month. Dr. Glenn has been at
tending the case. The party is i Iespec
laoie lamny ana ive'l deservin-"- of the 1
sympathy and aid of this people."'' A for ;
Pendleton, it is hard lo say what has tie- !
con e of hua. If ulive Le dis rves to bo i
A Move ia the Ili-ht MVay.
A cemmittee corsisiing of Messrs. C. P.
Purkhart, Wm. Ruble and T. L. Davidson
was appointed at a meeting of the farmers
at Salem, on the 2."th tilt., to prepare an
id dress to the farmers of the State. On tiie
od inst.. they met and after deliberating
upon the subject, issued the following
FKI.I.oW kakmeks ok opkijox : Tlie un
dersigned were appointed a committee at
the r armer s Meeting in Salem. Jan. 2"th.
to address you through the papers of the
State, upon the subject of organiz ition
for tiie protection ot our mutual interests
and for shipping purposes.
Y e regret our inability to do justice
to so great a trust, but the past year's ex-
peiienc- in respect to our con; nierc.al le
laiions has satisfied us that the hone ot
Oregon depends upon the organization of
ihe tillers of the soil. If we want the
country prosperous, ihe waste places re
deemed, the solitudes inhabited, our hollies
improved, our prospects brightened, and
our calling dignified, we must do some
thing to stand clear of the rings whij have
combined to steal and earn lroiu us our
hard and honest earnings.
We need not stale to yon. now. their
acts; most of yon are fainiiiar with them
Tlie question is. Will you tamely submit
and let the country go to ruin", or will
you rise like mea and show yourselves
equal to the occasion? Sing!- handed we
can do nothing; organized, you can ship
your own surplus and realize all it will
luing in a foreign market, except the cost
of transportation, insurance and commis
sion, this, we can confidently assure
yon. will secure to you a better price for
your pro Pi"is than you can possibly re
al i.e without it.
Had such att org ni-a ion been i i ex
istence tiie pn sent jur. it would have
s..ved to Oregon a million of dollars.
enough lo have purchased ten of the best
snips sailing on he seas, and in five ears
e.iough to export ail our surplus uml im
port all our loreign commodiiies.
li in ty seem an id-al thing to unite the
farmers of this S ate in a common bond
of union, bui look abroad over our coun
try and see the unions ot money edtnen
to cany forward gigantic projects, and
whi'.'ti in lime will cover our whole coun
try as a net work, more despo'io in their
power than the greale.-t m oiai'eli of earl li
grinding ihe taimers to the dust a. the
veriest slaves. Moneyed men accumulate
millions in a tev short years, and vet the
tinners ot our laud grow poorer every
day. Their sohis we.iiiL'g out. their im.
pioveiu -uts are ging tlj.vti.au 1 out of
lijeir abutid.mce llie are in want. O
Tiie great law of nature is. "You must
help 3 ourselves." Farmers of Oregon,
once mote we would say. Organize.''
and tolce llio speculator and money etl
arisiocl'.ti to respect you as hum Ol beings
and not its so many ca.lle liliveil lo llie
a.iamoies tor slaoghlei". e
i e iev.iig mat a. i eifecnve org iniz ition
for slipping purposes. oiiVreii by your
own choice, will secure Jo yun good and
salislactory iesulls in souie of the mokeis.
ot J ii - w.ii lil a ail t.uos and l.at von can
s -cure K.is only through a State iio.ud
W.io.-e business li aih Oe to look atter tiie
malic!", a. id also that yon Heed a County
ho.rd. ve would recoiuta -nd thit when
on ai e .isseiuoied li. Cwuniv Convention,
eacti coiuny itio.i.-e u t'ouuty Pourl o'
o!li;ers lo consist of a President. Vice
i'l evident. It . 'cording Secretary. Corms
p iitihiig Secretary a. id a Treasurer, and
I iai you send the oliieers lo the Suite Cv:i-Vi-litl
u at a elil.Caik-d to im-i''. ui Ti.nik
iia, the lvi.h o! Ajil'.l, and Willi lll.'iU one
udai'iiotiil yeiegi.e tor each pleciocl ol"
coil lo iiie couu!y willing lo go in lo ihe
ewoii.d also recommend permanent
ot gaii. a ion iu every precinct in lie eouu-lie-.
as yo l will altv'ava hale some it.-ial
qut's ii.n-5 to seilie. socii as soil ing gia.n
and the coliecion ol sta is les ul v.o.r
.-iu pins, thai w in be subj--cl to iiie ,,i-th-i-ot
y our Si.He io.n d. and Ih.n tin: pre
cine s tU'-.-l on .Ma i cn l.")-li. and tiie Coun
ty Con v eil' em. .Mai e ll b.
Tlie tjoiiiuil te- h-ive thought it best I i
change ihe dales ol tiiei iiiig, lo give you
iu ii e lime to organ. ze.
Tlie clubs anealy orgatized in the
State atespecia ii recou.in -uded lo take
an .ictiie a ; in mis i. a er.
Ali ihe t J tors ol slo- iiiaie are cordi illy
i.iviie.l lo aid tins en ri prise as mncu as
tli"ii good will will pernio by pobi. suing
iliis .appeal lor a Frmera" Lniou. or tf.v-
.I'uCla llolll it.
Snor and K 1 1 . i.mi. From Ihe I.i!las
lltpi.hiic in w e leai u thai en I ue.-u.iy. itie
Lo nisi, a iu in by Iiie naie 01 lien lias
01 00k. wlio icsi-led a lew miie above
.stieiid.ig. it in 1: 1 1 i county Oi.gnn. was
sliol and almost insiaully killed w bile at
Hie barn. '1 lie facts as near as we can
ieirn are about as tollowa: Mr llasbrook
had ueivi lili-siug grain li oin Ins b u n
piior lo ihe iinie lu -n ion -il . and siijpos
log thai some leilow was eng g.l 111
helping himself uticci emoniousiy lo wh.il
thu not belong lo him he arranged a pi.iu
Wlieiel.y he m.gtil ca-c.'i tiie r.i.-c.l. lie
placed a loaded ga:' in or near Ihe barn,
arranging u so thai il could be discharged
by means ot a spiing. it was so pian.ed
tliat 11 was tho-.ietit hai 1 ii is gun would
be tired in C '.se any person ai templed lo
en er tin- bun (a Imsdiy even ng Mr.
llislirook lieariitg a noise al ihe u.1111.
proceeded hi tier accompanied by a man
by the name 01 Cox. No s. .nor liad ihey
leacueii llie barn iiiau Mr. lla-brook was
ti;ed upon and liiorla:ly wounded. Mr
Cox s 1 s he s iW three me.i tvo inside
and the t:iier ouiside the barn and wiiiie
eude.i vol ing lo escape lie Was caugtil by
tlie pel soil outside who staObed at him
twice wilii a large kni'e. .Mr. d ebruuK
Was a soii-iu law of Natliau Conner, an
o.d resident of this county. Tlie neirdci
er is said 10 have fired tlie fatal shot Iroui
the gun the victim had placed at the barn.
Deceased leaves a young wile and two
children besides a large number of friends
to mourn his sudden and untimely dealb.
Tiiere are said lo be siispi ;ious that the
terr.ble murder in Yumhi.l county was
committed by I !a brook's hired man. ana
thai tlie story ol ihe two burglars ia the
granarv is a myth.
A New Coujiction Distijict.
A AV;;.s!.ington correspon Jittt says;
3Ir. llatt-r has introdiiccal a lil!
jitDjuisiiiL; to form a new Collec
tion District out of all that portion
of Oregon yhvj; south and i:;s
of tht Suislaw Iiiver, with Coos
n.ivfr its port of entry, and ports
of delivery at tlu: month of Ilonne
Iiiver, Tort Orford and GardiiW,
witli a Deputy Collector at each.
The Collector is to be paid not ex
ceeding :j,000 per annum; the
salaries of the deputies are not fixed.
This bill is before the House Com
mittee on Commerce.
A correspond.!. t writes Lorn Lebanon,
saying that the gnuiest want of that sec
tion is means of transportation. The
Switimr r vt is navigable for small
steamers within three miles of Lebanon,
and at which point suitable warehouses
w mid be built to receive freight for ship
ment. Elkins Pros, will supply from 30
to ") tons of Hour weekly, and the town
as tn ich more.
The fact h is come to the knowledge of
the Committee 101 Claims ihat General
Putler paid over in lMi8 to the. United
Slates Treasurer $202 000. being money
eaptured in the South, but in fact belong
ing, U loyal peoole in the North.
The telegraph reports the epizootic pie- 0
vailing to au alarming extent.
The Norihern Pacific bus; built 17-t
miles of road in four months.
There are 23.000 0 )0 cattle itMhe Unit
ed States. Texas has over o.'JOO.OOO.
The sugar crop of Louisiana this year ia
estimated at 10.000 hogsheads.
It is estimated that 7.000.00!) hogs will
be packed this year iu the United States.
Florida planters contract with their
lahn-ers to give theui one-third of the
The annual product of the manufacto
ries of New Jersey is valued at over $20,
OJ0.000. CThe Bethel fair held lately in Cincin
nati for charitable purposes realized $32-
More than 80.000 Italians were render
ed houseles and destitute by the late
The balance of trade against the United
States lust vear was, in round uumbers,
The horses in the United States aro
valued at six hundred and sixty millions
0 Three-fourths of ihe writing paper mado
in this country coines Iroui llolyoke,
The Illinois Penitentiary is now miking
several thousand dollars per mouth for
the State clear oT all expeuses.
The proposed transfer of troops from
the Southern States to Utah is causing a
deal of comment ia that Territory.
Fifteen hundred and thirty-one build
ings have been erected during the past
year at St. Louis, at the cost of iso.iitL
(100. Of these buildings only eighty-six
The annual review of the river com
merce of New York shows that a litile
over tme third 01" the entire steam tonnage O
of the United Slates is employed on thu
westt rn rivers.
K. II. Keeney. who was to be hanged
at Yis.ili. March 7th, fur (the murder of
Flelchei. has had his , sentence commuted
t imprisonment lor ""life by (Juveriur
Cleveland has fourteen rolling mills in
operation against eight in 157(). In lsll
Ohio m anu fac'ured' over 70. on'.) tons of
rolled and hammered iron one-tenth of
the whole amount raised iu the L'uiied
It is now almost certain that Ceorjre
L. Woods is to tie relieved as Governor
of L't.th. A Washington le'ter-w riier
says that the a;. ooi.rnie.it will be tender
ed to Delegate Cl.igge! of Montana
George has made considerable money
during his slay ani-'-' the M rtnun. and
i-. now reported to 1 . . orih slOO.OJJ.
G;-n Robert L. Lee's birt.lnlay va cel
ebrated wi h great clat in s.me of thu
Southern cities on Jan.-O. The first p,
r de of military since the war took p!aoB'
in Sivannah. Hen. Wad.- Hampton de
livered an address. Th' day genur.i!!v
was observed a a holifjay and resi'lllbied
a Fonrih of July beiore tiie war.
The Jollowing is said to be a sure test Q
of horses" ae. Afu-r a horse is rune ye;irs
old. av.rinkU coiu-'s over bis evelid. at
the upper corner of the Imwr lid: and
every year thereafter he h.ts oiie well de
fined wrinkle f.,r each year of his no Q
over nine. If. for in-iauce. tk-horse has
three wrinkles, he is twelve years old.
Add the tmuibor d!" wrinkles to nine, and
you will always obtain his exact age.
In the contested e'ecion case of Bo wen
against lie Large. i:i I'.oligressjOl he Coill
mi' ive tleveloj etl so mueii Irani! and lo
cality that il recommended die passage of
a resolution tl-clariug neither f the j.ar-
.ties enlilled to the sea'. The resolution
p.t-ed ami tlie seat is nxtvr vacant. !
Large, the setting member, is a ii-ro and
BoWeri is the same leilow who was ex
pelled for' selling cade'.ships a noble
Saa 1'Viincisio .Market Ite'.ort.
Sis Francisco. February 12.
Flour SI 7,"i(7,!ii3
Wheal 1 7 0(o I 03. O
Barley ?l 2e(o 1 40.
O.. l(n. 1 2..
Po'atoes i)0 (o. 1 20.
l-.ggs -li'to doe
1. utter i.r .;.c.
Bueo ill !,('tt 1 1.
Wool - ls(o fl.
Hides i fV -0-
Poi ltand .Market Keport.
Wei ks d a t. Evkmxu Feb 12, 1S73.
Ne.v York Gold quotations: lit.
Po.tlaud Iegal Tender rales: i7J., buy
ing; hsi. selling.
WilLAT The market remains uncbang
e l. and prices nominal -at y I 00 per cental
I'LOI K Quo ations are iinchsmgetl,
the prevailing prices teinjr j.s be ore.
So o tor standard, extra. atnF $4(5 l
bbl for upei tine -and outside lirands.
OATS We note a sale of out) bushels,
dair. to day at (ioo bns'n 1 sacked. Tn a
is about tlie mling figures, but they aro
I- KKD Middlings find ready !!
c3 (o .i2 5 1 per tMii. and Pran continues
linn at SluolS per ton.
JIAIILKY Por land quota' ions retnaTn
at SI -4.i(V lt;0 jier ceutal sacked and deO
Pi il'ATOFS Prices remain firm at fig
ures ranging from 3." lo 40 ceuis per
bushel according to the quantity.
PtiULTliY Chickens are in good de
niaiit at S3 7o(7 I per doz.
PFTTLU hair country brand find
Slow sale ill ':
.i(' . uc tier eon ii'!. w Ii
us usual remains firm al 40
LfiGS Find ready sale at 22c per doz
ii..lU. Lon tin nes tirni al our former
figures: Sides. ll(12c per lb; Hams. 12
(1 le; Shouivlers, t(o,'J and joles at 6 cl.
Oregon City Market Hcport.
The following are the prices paid for
produce, and the prices at which other ar
cicles are selling, in this market :
WHI-IAT Wuite."jJ bushel. 3'J51 00.
O ATS bitshei, 406rf4" rts. O
POTATO busll.ju 37i cts,
ON IONS -$ bnshel.51 50. o
cFLOFli "jjt bbl. t?4S4 50.
Pi:..NS White. It... .r)(f cts.
DUIFD FIIU1T Apples. lb.. f.fJT cts.
Peaches. r$ lb.. 12(ti H'.c: Plums,
20 cts.: Currants. lb.. VK715 cts.
1JUTTEU - ft Bj.. 2-cts. "
EGGS r) dozen. 202;'-"5 cts.
CHI CK ENS t tb ..en . 33 50.
SUtJAii Crushed. n.. 20 cts.;Island
r 11.. 10212 ct-. : N". O.. lb.. 15 cts.;
San Francisco reiiiieu. 3 . 14 cts.
TEA Young Hvson. lb.. SI 00 ; Ja
pan. t ft.. "..cSl ot: black. 3 ft.., C2c.
COFFEE y. '".. 2:i(2. cts.
SALT f1 lb.. U(ti2i cts. q
SYUUP Heavy Golden, t?zall..50ct ;
Ex. Heavy Golden, t gull., '0
PACON Hams. It,.. 14 cts; Sides,
12 cts. "f? ft).: Shoulders. 8 cts.
L.UI- ft... 12 i cts.
()lL--l)evoe's Kerosene, "pi gall.. 75.
Linseetl oil. raw. "jl, gall.. 5l 25 ;
Litiseed oil. boiled. L) gall., $1 251 50
WOOL lb.. U5 cts.
PEEK On foot, ; cts. f ft.
POUIC On foot. (Ifjrocts. yt ft).
SHEEP Per head. $2 50;$3 00.
111 PES G reen . 2 5003 : Dry , ii? Jh.,
.-!.. Salted Re. O
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