Oregon City enterprise. (Oregon City, Or.) 1871-188?, December 08, 1871, Image 2

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l)ci)ccklij aSntcrprtsc.
Oregon City, Oregon
9. 1 "IJjjl
Dec, 8, 1871.
The Passive Policy.
With the solitary exception of the ad-
QVice given by the New York World to the
Democratic parly, just on the ere of the
Clast Presidential election, to the effect that
one of the candidates nominated by its
regular convention should be thrown ov
erboard, there has never before been so
euicidal a policy recommended by any
t)re outside of a madhouse as that recent
ly advised by the St. Louis Republican, to
eO the effect that the Democratic party should
disband its organization and make no
Cnommation in tbe ensuing Presidential
Canvass. What would be thought of a
General, if, on the day just before an en
gagement was unavoidable with the foe,
be would order the old guard of veterans
that had seen the smoke and borne the
q brunt of a hundred battles, to disband
and to fall in as the rear guard of a mot
ley crowd of disorganized militia, gather
ed together from among the camp-follow
ers and discharged mule-drivers of the
enemy ? Would not any man with even
a lady's thimble full of brain3 vote him
either a fool or a madman ? And yet
that is precisely the policy advised to the
Democracy by the St. Louis Republican.
G It recommends that the Democratic party,
venerable in years, honored in tradition,
Ocompact in organization, and parental in
its existence, an organization which has
been victorious on many well contested
fields, and svbich, though often defeated
by force, fraud and corruption, still pre
serves intact, its rank and file of veterans,
beneath the same old flag, '-torn but fly
ing," which it has ever borne, shall now
prove alike false to its past history and
recreant to its high duties ; disband its
forces and fall in behind a lot of sore
headed Republicans, who never have had
honor enough to frankly condemn ihe
faults of their own party, nor the courage
to openly leave it ; who do not at present
possess even the semblance of an organiza
tion in a single State of the Union, and
who neither have the tact, ability or cour
age to form one. even if the Democratic
oparty should be big enough fool to dis
band its organization and betake itself to
the most humiliating task of patting these
sore-heads on the back while they should
make the attempt.
The policy which every dictate of pru
dence and ol reason would point out to
ns, is the very reverse of that advised by
the Republican. Strict political organiza
tions have become a necessity 'n this
country and have arisen only in obi die ice
to that necessity, and now when the ex
perience of long years has taught us their
use ; now when we find in our front a foe
possessed of the National Treasury, which
it mainly uses to strengthen its organiza
tion, it is our imperative duty to attend
to the strengthening and inspiriting of our
own instead of disbanding its ranks, and
thus demoralizing; the entire host. Instead
of counseling the Democrac' to disband
and await the action cf the Lord only
knows whom who will hold a nominat
ing convention, the Lord only knows
when, and where, it is the duty of every
Democratic journal in the land to urge a
more thorough organization of the old
guard and demand of the National Demo
cratic Committee an early nominating
convention, so that we could have plenty
of time to harmonize and drill our furces,
and arouse the necessary enthusiasm by
which the Democracy of the w hole Union,
from the lakes to the gulf, and from
Maine to Oregon, can stand shoulder to
shoulder, and thereby be enabled to drive
from place and power the entire army of
Radical thieves and treasury plunderers
Tbo are growing fat and saucy from the
hard earnings of the people. Instead of
disbanding, we want to more closely close
up tho ranks. Instead of waiting for
something to turn up. we want an early
nomination by which we will ourselves be
enabled to turn something up. Instead of
lowering the old flag, we want it hung on
the outer wall. Instead of falling in be
bind the weak-kneed and white-livered
Republicans, we mast rather let them fall
in our rear and give them arms and am
munition by making a judicious nomina
tion and platform, and by making the
fight mainly on the rascality and corrup
tion of Grant's Administration. This is
the course that should be advised by Dem
ocratic journals. It is the only safe course.
After Varro had been terribly defeated at
Canna., like a true soldier, he gathered
up the fragments of his army, and hasten
ed to the defence of Rome, at the gate of
which city he was met by the SeDate and
thanked because be had n t despaired of
the Republic. And so after our recent
defeat, if all the Democratic journals of
the land will but imitate his courage and
wisdom, ttey will deserve the thanks of
tho entire party. And as Rome wag sav
'ed by his unyielding heroism, so can the
liberties of our country be saved, if un
daunted by defeat, the old guard shall
with unyielding spirit continue the strug
gle. l'or Freedom's battle once begun,
bequeathed from bleeding sire to son,
Though baffled oft is ever won.
President's Message. We have not
yet received the President's message, not
withstanding it reached San Francisco last
Tuesday. The three Portland paper? pay
an enormous sum of money weekly for
the dispatches, yet the San Francisco op
erator or news compiler, gives them just
as much as he wants to, and is geuerally
very prolific in giving such matter as the
people of Oregon have no earthly interest
in. That fellow needs reconstrueting and
we hope the Portland papers will do it.
We shall probably have it ia full next
Resources of Eastern- Oregon. We
are indebted to E. S. McComas, Esq., of
La Grand, for a handsome pb.ampb.Iet in
regard to the resources, climate and
wealth of Eastern Oregon. It is an inter
esting document, aid we shall trj aDd
gad room for some extracts from its page
Grant's Programme.
The Northern people have sustained
Grant in trampling upon the liberties of
the South. There are no Constitutions,
no laws in that section superior to the
will of the President. The turn of the
other section will come after awhile. The
Courier-Journal thus sketches f.be plan of
the Would be Kaiser's campaign for the
future. Let reflecting men ponder well
what it says, for they are words cf truth
and soberness :
'His object is to keep the South in a
disturbed condition until he can raise a
disturbance in the North, when the ma
chinery now provided for the one section
can be applied to the other. Then, when
he has bioken down the spirit of freedom
at the South, it is as like as not that he
will make terms with us and engage us as
agents to help him conpner the North. pre
cisely as we have been conquered. Andy
Johnson tried this and failed, and as far
as the South was concerned, succeeded in
bringing to his support men who hated
him worse than anybody hates Grant. But
Grant will have more power and he will
use it to better purpose than Johnson. If
he is re-elected President, we expect to
see him hand and glove with such adven
turous spirits as he can find in the disor
dered and ruined South, who are ready
to serve in a crusade against the Northern
people, who are blind to their danger.and
especially against New England, which
will be withered and blighted before the
advancing legions of imperialism, pleas
antly dubbed' Free Trade. The Northern
people will do just as they please about
it. In the South we have lost our liber
ties. There is no longer any freedom at
the South. When the combustion comes
we shall take our chance. We are pow
erless to avert it. Bat when it comes
and it will come if Giant is given four ad
ditional years in oflice the North will ex
perience what the South is familiar with
martial law, provost marshals, prisons,
bayonets, and what not. If the honest
Republican, who now pooh-poohs this,
raises up his voice against it, he will be
arrested and put out of the way. Grant
will make quick and easy work of that
sort of cattle. He means business, and
he knows very well how far it is safe for
him to go. Just now it is not safe, nor is
it necessary f .r him to go further than he
is going. But his is a progressive scheme,
and if it succeeds, the idiots who swear
there is nothing in all this but idle news
paper talk will have to thank themselves
for it. Moreover, they and not we. will
be its first victims. We shall be able to
make our peace with the conqueror, for
by that time we shall be thoroughly sub
jugated. But they will have to make a
tight for which they will not be prepared
a fight against, awell-pei fected military
machine, a fight against a power reinforc
ed by all the mercenaries of the country,
and all the malcontents and all the adven
turers, a power which at this timo com
mands both houses of Congress aud the
Republican party, and four or eight years
hence will be irresistible.7'
Lock and Dam Swindle. '"Out of their
own months shall they be condemned.''
The Oregon City Enterprise, a leading
Democratic paper of the State, which as
a matter of course, favored the "school
fund steal" of the last Legislature and ap
proved the ''Lock ami Dam Swindle' in
a recent issue says.
The above is from the Corvallis Gazelle.
and following it is "the notice made by us
of Mr. Jordan leaving this place rather
mysteriously. Now if the editor of the
Gazette had any sense, he could not see
any "swindle"' in the transaction ; what
Mr. Jordan's leaving has to do with the
matter is something no one but a Radical
editor could discover. Mr. Jordan and
two others took the contract from the com
pany to complete the works, and if the
contractors fail, it does not follow that
the Company will not iu good faith carry
out their contract with the State. The
trouble is, he does not know the difference
between the Company and contractors.
As for endorsing the "Lock and Dam
Swindle,7' if the editor of that moral
and truth ful sheet had any knowledge of
the past, he would not accuse us of en
dorsing anything of the kind. The En
terprise opposed the bill before its pas
sage and since. But let us state here that
our opposition to the Dill was not owing
to the fact that it "took school money from
the children." It was because we believ
ed the interests of the State would be
equally as well guarded by the construc
tion of the locks on the east side, and this
could have been done much less than pro
vided on the west side. But we certainly
favored, for the benefit of such counties
as Benton and others, isolated from trans
portation, and which are subject to steam
boat monopolies, that some 1)111 should
pass by which competition could be cre
ated in the transportation of their prod
ucts. Since we failed in getting our
choice, we shall give our encouragement
to the Company which has the subsidy.
It will be worth more to the State when
completed than the $200,000 advanced by
it, and the amount the Company will pay
to the State during the twenty vears. will ,
more than re-eraburse her for the amount
advanced. The Gazette man and a'.l per
sons on the west hide of Ihe river should
feel grateful that the other parts of the
State were generous enough to make this
appropriation for their especial benefit,
and should, instead of abusing the Com
pany who have this matter in hand, give
them every encouragement for a speedy
completion of the work.
A Mistake. The Bulletin or the 5th
insh. says :
"The Oregon City Enterprise calls at
tention to the fact that the Church to
which Governor Woods belongs in this
State has not hauled him over the coals
for certain reasons which it states, and
censures the Church therefor."
The editor of the Bulletin is certainly
mistaken in the declaration that we have
found fault with the Church to which Gov.
Woods belongs for "not hauling him over
the couls We have simply stated that
the Church to which Secretary May be
longed took notice of his bad conduct
while in office, and suspended him there
for. As to the matter ol our belon-in- to
the same Order of which both Gov.Woods
and Secretary May are members, and it
being our duty to have them brought be
fore the Order and ' hauled over the coals
if we believed what we published about
them is a matter with which the public
has nothing to do. If such were done, or
even had been done, the editor cf the
Bulletin would not be any better inform
ed on the subject than he is at present. It
is no more the business of the public than
the last canfession made by parties be
longicg to the same Church of which the
editor of the Bulletin is a member.
Guess Again. Sister Duniway is under
the impression that Rev, Mr. Gerry wrote
the communication which appeared in the
Enterprise two weeks ago. You are
badly mistaken, slater.
Salem Correspondence-
Salem, Nov., 27, 1S71.
Editor Enterprise : As it will not be
Ions before the sovereign people of Ore
gon, as well as the people of all the States
will be called upon to exercise that once
proud privilege, the right of franchise,
would it not be well in view of the great
importance attached to the coming elec
tion, to take a review of the past, a3 well
as a glance into the future, and bjn to
marshal our hosts preparatory to the
storm that will doubtless ensue, the fate
of w hich w ill to some extent decide wheth
er or not we as a people are capable of
maintaining a republican form of govern
ment, or w helher we intend to erect in
stead of "the best government the world
ever saw," the worst kind of a mongrel
ized despotism. That the Radical party
should be hurled from power,no man who
loves the pure simplicity of our once
proud and cherished form of government,
will for a moment deny. How to bring
about this long wished for change, and
redeem our unfortunate country from the
chaos and confusion in which it is involv
ed, is a question upon which Democrats
seem to be divided.
There is a disposition on the part of a
formidable portion of our leaders, to ob
tain control of the government by sacri
ficing every manly principle, by tamely
submitting, and accepting as finalities the
unconstitutional usurpations of the dom
inant party.
The past history for the last eight or
ten years, of these fellows, is but a miser
able history of cowards, and cringing syc
ophants. They regai das fie most effect
ual way to obtain power, by either plac
ing before the people renegade Black Re
publicans, or submitting milk and cider
platforms. The nomination of McClellan.
Seymour and Blair and the adoption of
the Ohio platform, will, beyond a doubt,
verily this assertion.
Is it a crime to have been a life long
Democrat"? It is so regarded by these
men. lodging them by their past conduct,
for if they entertain a hope that they can
proselyte a Black Republican, they are
willing to acknowledge to the world that
Democracy was wrong during the war.
It Democracy is right now it has always
been right, and where let me ask would
our organization be if it had not been for
those (earless, honest, life long Democrats
who dared breast the storm, during the
dark d.'ys. White it is our duty to "for
get and forgive" the past, this however is
impossible, it 5s contrary to our natures.
Never, never, while memory' retains her
sway and reason shall assert her superior
ity, can Democrats forget how their news
papers were throttled for daring to crit
icise the inh'iman acts of the dominant
party, and how, for opinion's sake. Demo
crats were plunged into filthy bastile.-.
without any charges being preferred
against them and denied tho poor privil
ege of a fair trial at the hands of their
countrymen. Are men who, by their ac
tions sanctioned these outrages, to be
placed on our tickets as standard bearers,
soliciting the suffrages of Democrats and
are men whose unflinching devotion to,
and whose acknowledged ability ranks
them among the first statesmen of the age,
to be ignored, for no othei reason than
that they have always been consistent
Democrats to give room for some un
principled political reprobates. May
Heaven forbid.
We of Oregon, however. have no reason
to complain, but upon the cr ntrary we
have every reason to be proud of our
Slate officials, for with Gov. Grover, Col.
Kelly, and James II. Slater, there can be
no douDt but that they will guard with
jealous eyes against any encroachments
upon the lights ol the people. Now Mr.
Editor, is it not high time to do away with
this policy doctrine, principle dodging,
which has characterized these self-constituted
leaders of the Democratic party for
the last eight or ten years? And is it not
time to consult the wishes of the rank and
file of our parly, by placing before them
honest, consistent, unflinching Democrats,
with a fearless platform, proclaiming to
the world tho sincerity of our intentions.
The principles o! Democracy are coirect.
and a candid world will sooner or later
acknowledge it. That the. bone and sinew
of Democracy can reach a point beyond
which forbearance ceases to be a virtue,
was clearly demonstrated b7 rejecting th
new departure humbug. Then as Oregon
is the first Stale in the Union that will
hold an election in "72. let her set a noble,
example by adopting an honest plalfoim.
and by rewarding faithful nun, let the
nominations be made fairl' and squarely,
and not as tho result of bargain, sab and
intrigue, and it is safe to predict that we
will obtain a victory that we will be proud
of. The opposition of Ben Ilolladay and
the Bulletin to the contrary notwithstand
ing. Respectfully, Esro.
XTotes on School MiUers,
One effective method of enabling a sys
tem of free schools to accomplish the ob
ject designed in its organization, is to pro
vide pleasant and comfortable school
rooms for the children. There is a too
prevalent impression that almost any kind
of a building will answer the purpose of
a school-room, the main object being to
corral the children. In the first settle
ment of a country, cheap structures are a
necessity, but the moment comfortable
homes can be provided, some of the ener
gy and thought of the people should be
directed to the object of securing pleasant
school rooms which are to be th homes
of the children, much of the time while re
ceiving an education. There can be no
doubt that the quality of the homes of a
people indicate their degree of advance
ment in wealth and refinement. Do not
the kind of school -houses they build, or
suffer to be used, indicate the degree of
interest they take in the education of their
children? Taking the affirmative answer
to this question, which we believe to be
the coirect one. as the basis upon which
to rest a judgment, there are some dis
tricts in this county where the interest is
almost at the lowest ebb.
There are buildings in this county.erect
ed as school-houses and used for school
purposes, which if used as shelter for the
stock in some of the older States, the own
ers thereof would subject themselves to a
penalty under the law for the prevention
of cruelty to animals. I have in mind one
school-bouse in particular, which is not
used at all in the winter season, and could
not be so used with any degree of com-fo-t,
and in the summer season it is much
pleasanter under the neighboring trees.
And in some of the other districts, teach
ers and children, are iu the habit of aban
doning the school-house and retiring to
the woods. And yet. the people, a great
majority of them, at least, have comforta
ble homes, ana could, if they would, pro
vide pleasant places for their children to
meet and study in. Log school-houses,
vvith narrow openings between the los
tor windows, wnh narrow benches for
ats without backhand so high the fee.
and legs of the smaller children ha'
dangling in mid air as they sit upon them'
wuh desks made of boards laid upon .:.
driven into the logs, so that children are
obliged to sit close up to, and facing a
uiaiin.nau.ua) ai lei Uiy, are Certabilv
not pleasant adjuncts to a' useful eca- j
tion. It is not strange that children un
der such circumstances, should pilfer to
study nature rather than books. Ibere
are just such school-houses with just such
internal arrangements now in use m tuc
county. I would not believe it had I not
seen them.
In the first place there never was a m
cessitv for such torture-pens, and if child
ren acquire an education of any value to
them, under such circumstances, their zeal
is worthy of commendation. e say there
is no necessity for such, for the same
amount of time, labor and expense, or a
very little additional could have been ex
pended much more judiciously.
In the second place.wbatever the neces
sities of those who built these houses, they
no longer exist, and the houses should be
removed out of the way and their places
occupied by better ones, more suited to
the present condition of the people, aud
the requirements of the times, in the mat
ter of education. Withiu the last year or
two, there have been some changes for
the better. Three or four school-hou.es
have been built, that are really a credit
to the districts building them. In dis
trict No. 43, they have taken a Jong stride
in the right direction. In district No. 17,
for a long time without a school-house, a
new building has recently been erected.
In one or two districts the work has been
commenced, but through lack of energy,
or from some other cause, it has not been
carried through. In other districts the
people are beginning to feel their need,
and to talk about the matter. The difti
enliy is they talk too much and act too
little. It is true, there must be some talk
before a thing can be acted upon, but in
the matter of building school-houses, the
less the better, only that the ways and
means he clearly understood, then push
the enterprise along before opposition has
time to gather force ami break it down.
It may require some sacrifices, but let
them be made. We have nothing in this
world of any worth, that does riot cost a
sacrifice, and the proper education of our
children stands among the; most worthy
objects for which we should be willing to
make all needful sacrifices.
A suggestion or two in reference to
school-houses may not be out of place.
First, iu regard to locality. Do not be
too strenuous about placing them in the
exact geographical center of a district, for
the boundaries are continually changing,
and it may eventually be k-U at one side.
Do not locate on some spot of worthless
ground because some man is ready (ogive
it. Better consult general, rather than
individual interests, and if necessary, pay
for a site. Do not locate a school-house
in the brush, at the end of some half-cou-cealed
trail, where a stranger will need
an experienced guide to find it. Better
place it upon a traveled road, where oc
casionally the sight of a passing team will
relieve the monotony of studv.
In the second place a school-house,
should be finished and furnished in a stvle
that will render it as attractive as home,
and even more so. if possible. And in
seeking for a model, the best, and not the
poorest homes in the district should be
selected. There should be that in Ihe
place of study itself and its surroundings
which should have a tendency to draw
the children thither with willing feet and
hold them with interest and zeal to their
allotted tasks. The pas-ion for study
among children as a rule, is not. so great
as to lead them to become oblivious of
disagreeable surroundings. If patent
desks and seats Cannot be procured, let
those wfiich are made, be made with a
view to the greatest ease and comfort of
the children. I! the parents were com
pelled to sit d ay after day, as many of
their children are, in a constrained and
unnatural position, there would be a com
plete revolution in His style of school fur
niture. The walls of a school room should
be embellished with maps, pictures and
mottoes, anything that may be instructive
as well as attractive and pleasing. The
best school-rooms in the country are fit
ted up as nicely as parlors, with carpeted
floors and cushioned seats, and money ex
pended in this way is by no mms " lost.
I know il is sometimes said that children
are so destructive in their tendencies, that
nothing of this kind could be kept nice.
But there is no danger when they are pro
perly trained at home, and placed under
the care of a proper teacher. They easily
learn to respeot their surroundings when
worthy of respect. 1 am well aware that
those who are determined to secure an ed
ucation will make Ihe most of Iheir oppor
tunities and overcome all obstacles. But
for the pu'oiic good, education must not
be limited to such. All must have a share
and while a tew may not require a strong
stimulus, the great majority must be en
couraged by a variety of methods. And
pleasant school rooms are among the most
effective of these. Wild such, one of the
difficulties in securing regularity of attend
ance will be tar;. n out ol the way. Child
ren will take delight in attending school,
and every day will find them in their
Inasmuch as district quarrels often pre
vent the erection of school-houses when
much needed, it seems to me that it would
be well to give the County Court Ihe pow
er to locate and build them where and
when required, at the expense of the
county. In this, way ground, for local
jealousies will be removed, and so far as
taxation is concerned, what is for tho in
terest of one part of the county in the
matter of education, is for the interest of
all parts, and besides, in such a case. Ihe
county would own the school property
A similar law, limited to townships, is in
force in at lea-it one State, with good re
sults. E. Gkrry.
Too Bao kor East Portland. Two
street con'ruclors at. East Portland left
1 st week very suddeiilj, and failed to
pay their bills. According to the Orego
nian and other Radical sheets, the city
government of that place is -busted."
We are sorry for that prosperous little
place. The Radical papers all said when
a certain contractor left this place, that
busted" the lock and canal all to pieces,
and If contractors have such strong rela
relations to a place, of course, East Tort
land is "gone in."
A Chance. On the first inst. the Herald
changed bunds, Messrs. Semple it Patter
sou selling out to the "Herald Publishing
Company.'' The change will not elfect
the business of the paper whatever, nor
its political tone, Col. Taylor, thy editor,
is one of the firm, and we w ish him and
all connected, the best of prosperity in
their undertaking. The Col. is making
the Herald a good paper,.
What is the Matter. We received last
Tuesday the Oregonian of Monday and
Tuesday, in the afternoon mail, also the
Herald and Bulletin. On Wednesday we
received the Oregonian in the morning.but
neither the Bulletin nor Herald made their
appearance. The subscribers to these pa
pers are in anything but a pleasant hu.
mor in consequence of this irregularity.
We can forgive Mrs. Dunhyay for many
of her hard sayings against us for the
"manly" manner she overhauls the Tam
many clique of Multnomah county Rad
icals. Go it, sister ; we are with you in
all such endeavors at reform.
Mrs. Duniway is lecturing on the sub
ject of " Women's duty as citizens." She
had better give them a sensible lecture
(if she can) about "women's duty as
mothers" and quit making herself the
D - ughing stock of the country.
Dallas is going to have a brass band.
The Corvallis Gazette has begun its ninth
A bear was killed last week within a
mile of Roseburg.
Portland has a steam sausage factory.
A bad place lor dogs.
Ben Ilolladay, Jr., is about to erect a
fine hotel at Portland.
The Orifiamme is advertised to sail from
Portland to-day.
Thtre were thirteen marriages in Linn
county last month.
It is said that an extensive carriage fac
tory will be erected at Albany.
The Gazette szjs that Mr. Green B Smith
has fixed his residence iu line style.
A man named Collins got slightly stab
bed at Albany last Monday night.
Col. A. G. Enos has been appointed
Light House keeper at Yaquina Bay.
Sullivan, the forger, who escaped from
the Eugene jail, has been recaptured.
The cook belonging to the dreger, at
Portland has mysteriously disappeared.
Nine persons united with the Presby
terian Church last Sunday, at Portland.
Another vessel is on the ways at Goose
Bay. Over twenty have been built there.
A dry dock is to be constructed at
Empire city (Coos Bay) by II. LI. Luse.
Sheriff Bills, of Multnomah county, is
very sick with inflammatory rheumatism.
A line of telegraph is being erected
along the route of the west-side railroad.
The Ball on Thanksgiving evening at
the Chemeketa Hotel, was a graud success.
Hon. Jesse Appleg.ate, who has been,
abseut iu California, has returned home.
John Wilson has been seit to Salem to
make brick for a year from Multncmiah
Sam Vowels was found guilty of may
hem in the Circuit Court for Multnomah
The hurdy-gurdy girls have cea-ed to
attract at Eugene, have departed for other
Ex-Senator Nesmilh lately killed 112
fat hogs, and has a lew more of the same
sort left.
Eugene City contains less than twelve
hundred inhabitants aud has twelve
Real estate transactions for the past
two weeks in Linn county foot up $09,
23.3 -Li.
Sunday and Monday of last week theC ol
umbia river at The Dalles rose about
eight feet.
A gravel train run off the track about
ten miles below
damage done.
Not much
The famous Caruthers estate suit has
been postponed until the next, term of the
Circuit Court.
Judge Deady sentenced John W. Savage
to the penitentiary for selling loquor to
The stage company now put on six
horses to drag their vehicles through the
Cnipqua mud.
The dwelling house of J. Angell. on
the Coquiile, was destroyed by lite on
Tuesday 2$'.t tilt.
A man named Ileiple stabbed W. D.
Taylor last Tuesd ly at Eas; Portland.
Not supposed to be fatal.
Marion, a station on the roilroad be
tween Salem and the Sautiani, now Las
twenty live houses.
The river is so high at Salem, and is
running with so strong a current that the
ferry boat cannot cross.
Daniel Gaby. Esq.. had a very narrow
escape from drowning on the 0th inst.,
while crossing Ihe Sau.iaiu.
The Radicals elected thiir entire city
ticket at Salem last Monday. The Demo
crats had no ticket in the field.
The wagaa roal from Roseburg to
Coos Bay is nearly completed. It will be
ready lor travel next S pring.
A lot of apples. 400 boxes, has been
shipped from Coos Bay to San Eranclsco.
Something new for that quarter,
Portland has a sewing school. A good
institution, far butter th i:i the agitatiuu oj
woman s suffrage.
Some excitement h is been orjated at
Portland by the disappearance of one
R:s!ey, who was in debt.
Boats are still running on the upper
Columbia as far as Wallula, and will con
tinue as long as navigation rem lins ope.i.
A. A. Williams was elected Chief En
gineer of the Portland Eire Department
last Tuesday ; A- Weuett, First Assistant,
and Win. Deitz, Second Assistant.
A man named Canult, four miles from
Oakland. Douglas county, who has just
arrived from Indiana, has the small pox.
A tornado passed over Pocahontas,
Baker county, last week, unroofing build
ings, scattering fences aud destroying
T. J. Right has recovered $200 damages
from the city of Corvsllis for injuries re
ceived by falling through a defective side
walk. Edward Reif has been employed, by
order of Ihe Marion county Circuit Court,
to make brick at the penitentiary for two
The jury in the badge case at Salem.
having been out the whole of Saturday
night, brought in a verdict lor Pumpelly
for $75.
Secretary Chadwick has received a
summons from Roseburg to attend h's
mother, who is believed to be on her
death bed.
Clias. II. Parker has been sent to the
penitentiary for one year from Multnomah
county. Also J. C. Spencer for the same
length of time.
Judge Thayer of Benton county has
rendered a decision to the effect that there
is no law forbidding the keeping open of
a beer saloon on Sunday.
Mr. Wilson, who in June last killed a mau
in Polk couny and was sent to the peni
tentiary for lite, has been pardoned and
returned to his family.
Charley, Scott and George, three noble
red men, were convicted of larceny at
Corvallis, last week, and sent to the peni
tentiary for two years each.
The house of Mr. .Matthews, in Lost
Valley, was ransacked by a burglar re
cently, while the family were absent at
tending the funeral of a relat.yj.
Andrew Wiley, sentenced last March in
the United fetates District Court to an im
prisonment of one year in the penitentiary,
has been pardoned by the President.
Two street contractors at Portland,
named Abbott and Lamb, have adscond
ed. and left creditors to the amount of
$10,000 to mourn their abrupt departure.
T. B. Merry, Esq., is editing the Yreka
Union during the absence of lis editor at
tending the Legislature. Tom will keep
up the high reputation of that paper. The
Union is one of the best exchanges we
On Sunday, December 10th. a new
church, built by the Methodist at Marsh
field, will be dedicated. Revs. Diiver and
Roberts will conduct the ceremonies.
Mr. B. F. Brown, who has long been con
nected with the telegraph oflice at Salem,
has resigned. We doubt if the Company
can supply his place with a more popular
and obliging person.
The Statesman favors the purchase of
the Opera House for a Court House. The
claimants to the property ought to be
able to sell it cheap, as the State furnish
ed the brick and never got a cent for
The Oregonian says: It is wanted to
know where is Wm. Warner. There is a
pension certificate in the Oregon City
Agency lor him. Any one knowing bis
whereabouts will please communicate
with this office.
The city election at Albany last Mon
day, resulted in the election of the Demo
cratic candidates for Mayor, Recorder,
Treasurer, and three out of the six Coun
cilmeu. Last year the Radicals elected
their whole ticket with the exception o!
the Mayor. Good tor Albany.
The ship Hattie C. Bessie was driven
ashore twenty-five miles south of Cape
Flattery on the 30th ult., during the pre
valence of a tarrific storm, and is a total
loss. She was bound to Burrard Inlet,
British Columbia, for a load of lumber.
The officers and crew were saved, and
only one sailor was injured, and he had a
leg broken.
From the Corvallis Gazette : The Ya
qniua railroad is not a "myth." or a thing
existing only in the over-heated imagina-H
tion of a few friends. W e have good
reasons for believing that the scheme is
assuming a decisive and difinite form, and
that within ninety days developments will
be made public that will be astonishing to
all interested in this much needed aud
too long neglected enterprise.
A Fearless Heart and a Level Head
The Missouri Republican of the 17th in
stant, has a well-considered article on
Governor Palmer's Message." We cull
the following extract, to which all who are
not in favor of obliterating State lines will
say '-Ameu:"
The message. then, is precisely
such a document us might have been
anticipated from such a man under such
circumstances. It alters no excuse for his
previous course, ttt on the contrary, reit
era ted with greater care and emphasis the
charges preferred in the Bushnel letter,
substantiates them with the clearest and
most satisfactory evidence, and then sup
plements the whole with a dUtiuct and
perfectly unanswerable enunciation of
those organic principles which underlie
the constitutional relations ot the State
and Federal Government. There is not
in this noble message, from beginning to
end. a single trace of time-serving timidi
ty or apologetic quibbling which would
lead the harshest critic to suppose mac
the author had anv reirrets for views ex
pressed in the nast. or was not ready to
follow those views to their logical conclu
sion, whatever personal sacrifice might be
required. It breathes in every calm con
viction, purity of purpose and firm de
lerminatitiu : and no reader, we care not
what his oxinioti miv be. can rise from
the perusal of Governor Palmer's messagt
without feeling a profound respect for tin
man. and a thorough belief in his fearless
and incorruotible honesty. We are satis
fied that thsse Republicans who have suf
fered themselves to be unduly prejudiced
by the unscrupulous misrepresentations of
a partisan press, will find here a sufficient
vindication of ftie Executive of Illinois,
and be compelled to acknowledge that
were there more of the same stamp the
liberties of the people would rest on se
curer foundations than thev now do.
The Rising Wwe. Iu order that the
meaning of the recent election in New
York might not be missunderstood the
following explanation is given:
Lei the full meaning of this verdict be
realized. The people ot New York have
not pronounced against Democratic
thieves; only but against all thieves.
Thev have decided that there shall be a
speedy end ot all purchase and sale- of
legislation, of all ibbery and corruption
in otliee. of ail Kings" for the promotion
of personal interests and mercenary
schemes at ihe expense of the public good.
It means that there shall speedily be in
augurated a new era of uprightness in
government, and of frugality in adminis
tration. It means that there shall hence
forth bo diminished expenditures, reduced
taxes, and steadily decreasing public
debts. It means that speculators and
plunderers, whether of high or low degree,
whether of this party or of that, shah be
exposed, prosecuted, and subjected to
condign punishment. Woe to that party
which shall fail to comprehend and head
the lesson I
A Villainous Scheme. A special
Washington dispatch of the 30th ult. says:
"There is now another explanation o'Tered
for the recent proclamation of maitial law
in South Carolina. The nine counths
which are placed under the control of un
licensed, irresponsible soldiery, are tie
wealthiest, most populous, and the largest
cotton-producing districts of the State.
Of the latter staple a tremendous yield
was promised the present season. Spocu.
lators from civil life in high official
tions were induced to use their in
fluence to have these counties mule war
on, in order that the value of property
might be depreciated, the citizens driven
from their homes, and forced to sell the
growing crops at the lowest figures to pro
vide for their necessities. Thus far the
plan is said to be working successfully.
and speculators are reaping rich rewards
from the calamities of the unfortunate
people of the prescribed section.',
-Southern Misrule." Under this head -
inr, the Bulletin. referring to the fraudulent
issuance ol oonos iu comn Carolina by
the Radical Governor and his thieving fs
sociat.es, says: -It is fully as bad as the
practice of Tammany in New York, over
which the whole counti-y is indignant.-'
No doubt of this fact, but mark the differ
ence The Radical press, from one end of
the Union to the other, with one voice de
nounced the Tammany thieves and the
people at the polls repudiated them. Iu
regard to South Carolina that same press
are dumb as clams, and instead of aiding
the people of that oppressed, plundered
section to shake off the thieving crew, the
Administiation backs them up with Fed
eral bayonets, declares the people in a
state of rebellionn against the Government
because they reb,el against being robbed,
and visits upon them all the ciueities ar.d
annoyances of war. Such is Radic il hon
esty and justice. A 4 trooly loil"' theif is
a very different character from a thieving
Democrat. Examiner.
At a meeting of fish and salt dealers of
New England at Loston, it was stated that
the annual value of our ocean fisheries is
$50,000,000; that 20,000,000 bushels cf
salt are used in the United States every
year, and that the average duty on salt is
now 224 per cent, advalorum. making the
average cost per bushel to the consumer
fifty cents, whereas, without duty it would
be but twenty -five cents.
Telegraphic Clippings.
New Yokl. Nov. 29. Judge Biad y
granted an order for the arrest of May r
Hall on a similar complaint to those against
1 weed and Connolly. The fact becoming
known at the City Hall during the fore
noon Hall soon disappeared, and is sup
posed to have secured bondsmen to save
the annoyance of remaining in custody,
but. he is to be arrested at 1 o'clock
New York. Dec. 1. The 7n6u,estated
that Connolly yesterday prepared a full
confession of all transactions of the Ring
and that three of Tweed's bondsmen in
cluding Hugh Hastings and the Comrner- 0
ciul Advertiser, have signified their inten
tion to withdraw.
Mayor Hall has not been arrested.
Charleston, Dec. 2. In the Douse of
Representatives at Columbia, to-day, C.C.
Powen presented his credentials asa'inem
ber from Charleston Objections were
made that he had been convicted of an
infamous crime. He was finally admitted
by 311 to 32.
fcr. L.ouis, -Nov. 2U. John Quincy
Adams has written a letter, which will
appear in the Republican to morrow, in
which he firmly indorses the jio-calhd
Passive Policy" for the Democrats in the
next Presidential election.
j i a si img Toy SUITS.
Washington. Dec. 1. The report of the
Secretary of the Jsavy will recommend
more liberal appropriations bv Congress.-
those of the last year having been insuffi
cient ror edective force, no more thatt
thirty or foity vessels being now atloaC
out of the one hundred on the list, exclu
sive of fifty Ironclads, nearly all of which
are laid up-and out of service. The Sec
retary read the proof-slips of his report
to day.
The Postmaster General is sending to
distant points copies of his annual report
He inclo.-es a note to the publishers, de
pending on their honor not to pririt the
report in advance of delivery to Congress.
He will again recommend the abolition
of the franking privilege, and ask for
legislation to relieve the Department from
delay and embarrassment in re-advertising
proposals for carrying the mails iu
cases where there have been deceptions
and failures by "straw bids," to make
provision fov giving contracts to. the low
est responsible bidders.
Washington, Dec. 2. Among the ap
pointments yesterday was that of Geo. A.
Hart as Collector of Customs at, San
Fr n. isco.
Washington, Dec. 2. The report of
the Commissioner f Internal Revenue
states that the aggregate receipts from all
sources exclusive of direct taxes upon
lands and duty upon circulation and de
posits of National Banks, for the liscaV
year 1S71, is $1 1-4.0ll.17U. This sum in
cludes the amounts refunded and allowed?
on drawbacks, amounting to tfti lO.-Ki.S.
The Commissioner's cstiiate of the re
ceipts lor the current year, under the
present law, is $l2a,tlu0,ii0U. Receipt
from, spirits for the fi.-cal year were $40,
283.12.S. Amount of tax received m
lermented liquors, $7. lot) .740. Total re-r
ceipts from tobaccos, .'J:3.."S;$.0'J7 an iu-crear-o
of $2.2."0 000 over last year. The
total amount of manufactured tobacco
represented by the amount of collection
is lo."),.S2sj.9(;:i pounds. The total number
of cigars, cheroots, etc.. on which taxes
were collected was l.D.'l.b I i .5 f. t" he
increase is d;.e to the recent changes in the
mode of collecting. The Comm is:ouetL
favors the consolidation of the t.. buccS
tax at the rate of 21 cents1, if it can he'
done without loss to the Government, suid
expresses the opinion that the present
system of export b nd;'d warehouses can
be entirely abolished to the in'erest both
of Government and manufacturers.
The report concludes by stating that
230 accounts of ex-Collectors are still
open. 115 of which have been placed itv
tl;e hands of attorneys for suits against
bondsmen of delinqglnts. The total
amount received from compromised reve
nue cases for the year is tfti IS:-J'J7. Total
value of seizures. f'Jlo.S it).
Washington, Dee. 3. The Secretary of
War's report is issued, main facts relative Q
to which were printed two weeks ago.
Bureau reports show that the aimy on
July 1st has been reduced to 30.0tX.'are
expenses yearly were about forty millions,
including nearly $400,000 for " river and
harbor improvements. Estimates for
military purposes for the fiscal year end
ing dune 30. 1S72 are $32.41.".472.. Til
Treasury realizes thus far in the present
fiscal year $21,706.-103 from the sale of
arms and other sources.
Washington, Dec. -1. Sneaker Blainn
called the Douse to order at noon. There
was a large number of spectators present.
After prayer the roll was called, which'
was responded to by 201 members. After
appointing a Committee to wait on the
President the Speaker announced tin?
Standing Committees. Dawes is Chair-- 0
man of Ways and .Means.
A dispatch from Washington says corres
pondence in the case of Caticaxy. the Iafe
Russian Minister, will be called "for i tb'V
Senate to-morrow. It is also stated la
Washington dispatches that an effort will
soon be made to put Summer back on the
Foreign Relations Committee.
The members from the Pacific ccA.i
have p'aces on the following Committeesr
Pacifio Rai'ro d, Ilovghtor, of fa ifo r i
Si tter, Oregon ; Postcffi.es and Post
Roads, Coghlan. California ; Mines aud
Mining, Sargent. California.
Washington, Dec. 4. In the House
various resolutions were introduced and
referred to appropriate Committees.
The President's message was received
and leul. and the House adjourned, j
The Senate met at noon. There is near
ly a full attendance. Several resolutions
were introduced and referred. The Pres
ident's message was read and ordered
The Supreme Court met at noon, and
fo-'ii thereafter adjournfd and called up
on the President to pay- lheir respects.
The Presi ene "s message is well receiv
ed by both parties.
The following are the leading points in
the report of the Secrelary of the Treasu
ry : The pubi c finances shared a measura
ble prosperity during the year now clos
ing. The reduction of the public debt
for the year ending June 30th w;is $91
327.704. TI e total decrease from March I
18C9 was $277,211,892 10. During the
same period the annual interest has been
reduced $1(5.741 430. The revenues show
that the time has arrived when consider
able further reduction can be myde. and
leave in possession of $50,000,000 annual
ly offiu inci.il debt, including the amonni
pledged through the sinking fund. He
adverts to this opinion in his last airnual
report that the country required a reve
nue sufficient to m,eet the ordinary expen
ses of the Government aud pay the inter
est of the public debt, and $50,0000,000
to $CO:000.000 of the principal.
Philadelphia. Dec. 3. -The health re
port shows 233 deaths from small-pox
during the past week.
What a Pity. Mrs. Duniway says
that the Enterprise is so dirty that sho
opens it with a ''pair of tongs." We are
- i 5 I I
sorry tor ner, ana nope sae is equaiiy
cautious m all thing3 she tonciies. ana
never handles anything dirtier without
tongs. How is this tor high 7
f .. ui : --q-j; -i-i-M iTTiKLimni
Fortv Yiiiii Experience have tested
the virtues of Dr. JVistar'n Tiaham of JVild
Cherrv. cud the result is that it is the be.t
remedy extant for pulmonary and lung dis
eases; embracing the whole ranje from a
shgiit cold to a settled consumption. ere
it not for its mri, it would long since hare
"d.ed, and made vi sign." dec3w4
o o
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