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About The Weston leader. (Weston, Umatilla County, Or.) 189?-1946 | View Entire Issue (March 12, 1920)
WESTON. OKEGON, FRIDAY.' MARCH 12, 1020
SOME FACTS AND
There Hat Been Much Misrepre
sentation In America About
People and Conditions.
f MAXIMO M. KALAW,
Secretary of the Philippine Mlaslen.
A re rt it In lady
t Hie HI. Louie
Exposition taw at
toned nnn In fault.
IrM Wlllllg limit
anil accosted him
Willi ilia Inquiry.
"I auiM yu are
Tlia man ad-
ilrf!i rap I lad.
"Then you mutt
ba Chinese." she
Maxima M. Kalaw,
-No, I am not
I am a Filipino," be replied.
"How a ibair asked Ilia lady. "I
thought they ware all eavagee living In
Uia wood a."
"Wall. I ll tall yon how I cama bare."
ha aald. "A month before I left the
Philippines I waa living In the wood,
but the American Governor decided to
catch aa many wild Diru aa possible,
train them and eend thrm orer here.
Bo brre I am, Just aa you ." And
the St. Louis lady actually believed
That la what you would rail fancies
about the Philippines. The fact la,
however, that Uia ll.ooo.ooo rillplnoe
end their annulare bare horn civilised
and Clirlailana for 800 years; that the
nitn-C'lirlatlan population, according to
the census of IMS. la only KM.tioo, and
even tbeae are not all uncivilized.
Another fancy la that not until the
coming of the Americana were echool
hnllillniii seen In the Islands, roads
built, or aubatantlal bouse erected.
Do you know that fur hundrede of
yera I lie Filipinos have had collegia
and acboola and that the University of
Banto Toiniia la only twenty-five year
olitur than llnrvardt That aa early aa
1840, out of a population of 4.000,000
people, there were Ml schools for boya
and 833 fur girls? That In 1S!2, eight
cars before Uio coming of the Ameri
cana, there were 2.I3T schools?
I "To grant self government to Luton
under Aguliinlilo would be like grant
ing self government to an Apache res
ervation undor aomo local chief." Ttiua
poke former l'roaldent of the United
Htatea during the rillplno-Amerlcao
war. Exaggeration could be an excuse
at time when the dignity of the Ara
crlcan people demanded the extinction
of Filipino oppoaltlon, but do you know
that the Philippine Republic, before the
American occupation of the Islands,
had the approval of prominent Amerl
rana who were on the apot like John
Barrett, Director of the Pan-Amorlcnn
Union, who compared It favorably with
the Japnncao government That Ad
miral Dewey considered the Filipinos
better fitted for gulf government than
the Cubans? That they had drafted a
'constitution at Mnlnloa which elicited
the approval of distinguished Repub
licans like the late Seuator George F.
Hoar? That before the coming of (lie
Americana they had produced national
he roe a like the martyred Joae lllaal,
pronounced hy a Republican congress
nan, Itcpreaentatlvo Ooopor, aa the
nobleat victim that haa ever fallen Into
the clutchea of tyranny?
' And do you know that the Filipino
lave not had for hundrede of year a any
Mate ayalom, blood distinction or royal
jfaralllea, nod that, unlike their oriental
sisters, they are the only Cbrlatlan peo
ple to the orient?
j People have pictured an Ignorant
maaa of Filipinos, Illiterate, poor, llr
,lng Ufa of aervltude for a few
.wealthy land ownors snd foreigners,
ot tort? oZ'& llTluVm'lZ n
per cent of the people nbovs ten years
f age can read and write and that this
percentage of literacy Is almost as high
aa some of the states of the Union T
That It Is higher, than In any country
;of South America, higher than the UN
,cracy of the Spanish people, and un
questionably above that of any of the
new countries recognlxod In Europe!
Do you know that there are a million
and a half farms In the Philippine
,end that DO per cent of these fnnns
are owned hy Filipinos. In other words,
that out of tho 11,000,000 Christian
Flllptnoa, 8,000,000 of them at lenst live
pn thulr own farms, with houses of
their owu, Independent of any absentee)
landlord or foreign muster? That 01
per cent of the urban property con
sisting of houses and landa la owned
1 . -
by the natives of the Philippines, and i
only 0 per cent, la In the bands ot for- '
elgners? Vet tboso'are facta cnbled by
Actlug Governor Charles Emmctt Yea.
ler to the War Department from the
recent census estimates. - '
' 10 VITAL
Mr. Wilson In Letter Restates
Opposition to "Nullifying
Washington. President Wllaon rs
atatrd for democratic aenatora Monday
lila oppoaltlon to any peace treaty re
aorvallnns which would weaken the
full force of article 10 or materially
Impair provialona of the league cove
nant. Wlhout laying specifically what
qualification he would or would not
accept, hn wrote to Bnnator Hitchcock,
administration leader, that almoat all
reservations be had heard euggealed
were "In effect virtual nullifications"
of tho treaty artlclea to which they
"I hear nf rcservatlnnlst and mild
reaervatloulala," the letter added, "but
I cannot understand the difference be
tween a nullifier and mild nullifler."
Discussing article 10. the president
wrote that there waa "no escaping
the moral obligations expreaaed In
poaltlve larme In thU ankle," though
there could be no objection to explain
ing In an Interpretation the conatitu
tlonal met hod a by which aurh an ob
ligation would have to be fulfilled.
The "very heart" of the covenant, he
reiterated would be Imperilled by
weakening article 10.
The letter waa written In response
to a remind that he confer with Sen
ator Simmon of North Carolina, In
charge for the democratic aide of the
aenate In current negotiatlona for
DANIELS ASKS FOR
NEW NAVAL BASES
Washington. Immediate and exten
sive enlargement of naval docking and
bailing facilities on the Pacific and
leaialatloii to provide a naval reaerve
force of at least .00,000 were advoca
ted before tho house naval committee
by Becretsry Daniels.
The secretary asked authority to
atari construction of a new naval base
on Han Frunclsco bay below Mare
Inland and urged that $10,000,000 be
made available at once.
Among the recommendations mad
by the secretary were:
Establishment of submarine and do-
etroyer bases at Port Angeles, Wash.,
and Astoria. Or.
Mr. Danlela requeated permission to
accent a tract of 115 acrea of land
from the city of Astoria free from
incumbrance on which to tulld the
propoaed deatroyer and submarine
Enlargement of tho naval baae at
Bremerton, Wssh , to permit of caring
for a larger quod of the fleet there.
This yard should become one of
the main repair and docking yarda of Marlon, 1'olk and Yamhill counties, auperlntendet.t cf public Instruction, thla fund will be $1,450,000, It was an
for capital shlpa," aald Mr. Danlela. The American Jereey Cattle club has who returned to Salem after three nounced.
Expressing tho belief that In the withdrawn lta support from the atate weeka spent in the east and middle Because Oregon and California face
next war aa In the laat the United
States would send lis troops into the
nemy'a country, Mr. Daniels said
largo navy and strong naval reserve
were "absolutely necessary."
Washington Teachers to Meet During
Olympla, Wash. Efforts to limit the
work of the extraordinary aesston ot
the legislature called by Governor
Louis F. Hart to convene March 22 to
the minimum required to ratify the
federal auffrage amendment and pro- Prohibition has not Increased the record favoring an appropr.atlon or drainage expert of the Oregon Agrl
vlde for continuing the atate educa- use of drugs In Oregon, declare nar- 110.000 to aid In construction of a cultural college, and County Agent C.
ttnn.t tnstitiitinna raenivcd a dneidod !,.. nrn. .nrkina t.yr iha community house tor the American j. Hurd. The lands are situated In the
,etback whon Mrg, Josephine Corliss
PrMlon- '' uPW'nUnd.nt of pub-
" tartructlon, refused, to comply with
the governor's request that the atate
conference of county and city superin-
tendents and city principals ot public
achoola called to meet in Olympla on
the opening day of the extra session
to Dress legislative action to meet Ira-
perattve needs ot the public schools 10 head ot pure bred Hampshire ewes, court, has offered to contribute $25,
of the stato be deferred one week, purchased from I. T. Edwards of Kim- 000 to the construction of the pro-
berley, Idaho. poaed new Salem hospital on condl-
uaving solemnly promtseu tne Fill-
'Pos their Independence and having b
gone before the world as the champion
of self-determination, the Filipino peo
ple cannot understand how America
can consistently refuse to make good
'CUM ATI OF THI PHILIPPINES.
Tn Philippine Islands have a mild-
T tropical climate. Tha nights are
and sunstrokes are unknown. The
temperature record for the past thirty
Vw boi ta verttgo of 80 degree
i , 'i, ', . J
ni w . . ii rm i
OREGON miS NOTES
David M. Bmutx, aged 78 yeare,
veteran of the Civil war, died In Dallas.
The week of March 22 to 27 will be
pure bred livestock week In Lane
GoorKO Taylor Cction, a merchant of
Lebanon for 40 years, died at the age
of 7S years.
Secretary Houston haa approved ap-
plication for a charter of the Flrat
National bank of Madras.
The Dallea now Wsts one of tho
finest and most uptn-date apartment
houses In the Inlanl Empire
Directors of the Lane County Fair
sssoclatlnn announce the building of a
goat and sheep building 30 by 200 cot.
The 1920 consistory cUbb of Eugene,
Scottish nite Maaons. elected Jude
John S. Coke of Marshfleld. president
Tho annual conference of the Oregon
Daughters of the American Revolution
waa held In Albany with 100 dclegatea
and stato officer present
Harold Cook, an employe of the state
engineer's office, has been retained to
direct the activities of the Salem Boy
Scouta at a salary of f 1800 a year.
Buaineas men of The Dallea are
planning to establish a modern air
plane field on the old county poor
farm alte Juat west of the city limits.
One-fourth of the $100,000 necessary
for construction of the new Salem hos-
pltal haa been pledged by physicians
fair, transferring it wholly to the In
ternational Livestock show at Port
land. The Medford Elka lodge haa grown
so rapidly the past yeir that at the
last meeting It waa decided to put up
a $7000 extension to Its building at
The White Cooking club of Hub-
bard In Marlon couu'y la the first
club In the state to have 100 per cent
of lta members finish the required
united States Internal revenue depart-
e. D. Cusick. former state aenator
from Linn and Lans counties, waa
elected exalted ruler o the Albany
lodge of Elka In tho annual election ot
The animal husbandry department of
n. A. C. has received a shipment cf
At . meeting ot the state advisory
rf of the Saivatlon Arn)J, home
service nroisramme for 1920. a con-
ventlon waa called to meet In Tort-
land March 17.
The University of Oregon won the
championship of the International Trl-
angular Debating league, composed of
the Unlveraltlea of Idaho, British
Columbia and Oregon.
The register of the Roseburg land
office haa Issued a statement that all
exservlce men will be given preference
OF GHiERAL INTEREST
rlghta In filing on land known aa tne
Oregon and California land grante.
- Cold order certificates, payable to a
given bank, held by that bank In Ha
vaults not endorsed, are not legal re-
serve, according to a legal opinion
given by Attorney General Brown,
Samuel Strohecker Jr. or Corvallia
tias been nominated by Represent-tive
J!awley as alternate to the military
academy at West Point to aucceed Del-
mar L. Bond of Salem, who resigned,
Damage to forests In Oregon last
year as the results of fires totaled
about $300,000. according to the an-
nual report of F. A. Elliott, atate for-
Salem chapter. American War Moth-
ers, at a meeting outlined plans for
i ndowlng a four bed ward in the pro-
posed new Salem hospital in honor
of the returned veterana of the world
The herd law In effect in Umatilla
county, which provides against live-
stock running at large. Is utterly un-
constitutional, according to a legal
opinion given by Attorney-General
Tho part time schools which have
been In rogue in Wisconsin for the
past eight years are a sucoess and
have done much toward furthering the
educational advantages of that state,
according to J. A. Churchill, state
Albany school teachers will receive for either hydroelectric power or Irrl-
material Increase in aalaries for the gatlon purposes," the Geary Invest
next school year. Because of lack of ment corporation ot Oregon, and the
fuade the school board has been un- CaUfornfa-Oregcn Tower company, a
able to meet requests for a big raise California corporation, will bury the
this year, but a budget $11,500 greater hatchet this year and allow water stor
la available for next year's work and age In the Upper Klamath lake,
the board has decided to use all of Approximately 400 acres of worthless
this Increase for the payment of larger swamp land In Douglas county will be
salaries. made worth between $300 and $400 per
acre by the new drainuga project
The Marlon county court went on
Lgon. as uthorlxed by the last leg-
Boys nd girls between the sges ot
16 and 18, who are employed and who
nave not fluinhed the cignm graue,
must attend part-time school In Ore-
Kon City, according to an order Issued
by the school board.
Marlon' county through the county
tion that the remainder of the neces-
,ary jioo.COO is mado available
The Inventory and aoDralsement ot
the estate of Dr. Bernard Daly of Lake-
view, who died recently, shows a total
value of $733,628.57, more than $500,-
000 of which is in government, muni-
clpal, echool, county and road bonds.
- By a vote of 217 to SO the city of
Seaside has bonded ItseU for $263,000
for the construction ot a pfer into the
Pacific ocean, a system of bulkheads
on tho ocean front and new hard-
urface driveway through the entire
city. ' The recent threat of labor to petition
state officials to oust from their em
ployment all married women whose
husbands are capable of providing for
their support, appears to have stimu
lated rather than deterred marriages
of girls on the state payroll.
The atudects of Baker high school
have purchased a new, high-class motion-picture
machine and have booked
a lui-g series of excellent film pro-
duct Ions, which will be projected upon
the screen in the high school audi-
tori u in one evening in every week.
Robbers broke Into the vault of the
Scio State bank at Sclo and escaped
with an unknown quantity of Liberty
bonds. War Savings Stamps and some
cash secured from rifling the contents
of boxes, which may total as high as
$50,000. No attempt waa made to open
the main safe.
A questionnaire Is being sent to all
tho high school principals in the state
by Dr. John Lundsbury. dean of the
school of music of the State University,
in an attempt to gain their coopera-
tion in making high school credits In
music worthy of being rated aa uni
versity entrance credits.
With national leaders present, and
a great majority of tho Baptist
minister of the state in attendance,
Baptist leaders met at the White
Temple in Portland to formulate plana
for the nation-wide campaign for $100,
000.000. Oregon's apportionment of
an "unprecedented shortage of water
outlined by Professor C. F. Johnson.
Looking Glass and Yoncalla valleya.
According to reports announced by
the city bealth bureau there are 11
cases of sleeping sickness in Portland
at present, ueatns irom me aisease
to date total eight, ot which six were
reported in December, one In January
and ono in February. Sleeping sick-
ness ia comparatively new here, and
no record of cases was kept prior to
Washington. Corporation dividends
distributed aa stock do not constitute
"Income' and are not suojeci to iea-
eral income taxes, the supreme court
decided in a five-to-four decision.
Provisions of the 191S federal Income
tax law levying taxes on stock divl-
dends were declared unconsUtutional.
The decision also nullified similar pro-
visions of the present law and will
Involve great loss in revenues to the
government and refunds ot such taxea
U. S. INCOME TAX
Every Person Who Had Income
In 1919 Must Determine
MARCH 15 LAST FILING DATE.
Surest Way Is U Fellow Form 1040A
Free Advice In Doubtful Cases.
Severe Penalties In
Noliody Is exempt from Income T.
An obligation Is laid directly on the
shoulders of each citizen and resident
to consider bis own ense snd to get lilt
return In on time If one Is due.
With each return showing a las dm
a payment must accompany the return
In the full amount of the tax or at
least one-quarter of the tax.
All returns for 1919 must be filed os
or before March 13.
Must Show True Figures.
In figuring up bis earnings for In
come tax purposes a person mnst tak
into consideration all Items nf taxable
Income, and each Item Itself mnxt be
accurate In amount. Guesees and e
tlmates must be avoided, for the re
turn Is made under oath.
Everybody who had an Income dur
ing 1019 niUKt now determine whet bet
bla or her net Income was sufficient la
amount to require an Income Tax re
turn. The beet way to find out Is te
get a Form IOWA and follow the In
structions printed on It That form
will serve as reminder of every Item
of Income; and if a return Is due. It
tells how to prepare and file It.
One of the important points to keet
in mind Is that person'a net Income
Is found by a computation prescribed
In the law, and that each Item of In
come from every source must be con
sidered, unless specifically exempted.
Another thing to remember Is that
Hit personal exemption allowed tax
payers by law lias no relation whatevet
to the requirement to file return. This
exemption is not to be considered until
person has figured out his net lo
' come and determined whether It wn
sufficient to require him to file a re
turn. Then, if a return must be filed,
he should rend cnrefully the Instruc
tions for claiming exemption, and com
plete his return.
If In doubt on any point as to income
or deductions, a' jierson may secure
free advice and aid from the ties rest
Internal Revenue office. Many bnnkr
and trust couipnulcs arc also furnish
ing similar sen ice during banking
Heavy Penalties In Law.
For failing to make a return on time
the penalty Is a fine of not more than
$1,000 nnd an addition of 23 per cent
to the tax. if any. For making n fnlse
or fraudulent return the penalty Is a
fine of not more than $10,000 or Im
prisonment not exceeding o)p year, ot
both ; and. In Wilition, 50 per cent ot
the tax. There are other penalties fot
falling to pay tax when due and fot
understatement of the tax throu;r
Many Sources of Income.
Aside from what one may earn bj
his services, there are many othet
sources of Income. If be sold any
property during 1919 be must figure
out the -gain realized. If he rented
buildings, hind, apartments or room!
such rents must be considered tax
nble, and lie may claim deductions fot
necessary expenses Incidental to rents
Bank interest Is a common source
of Income and Is taxable whether with
drawn or not. Any amount of Interest
credited to a depositor Is Income tc
Interest on mortgages and notes it
taxable; also bond Interest received
A taxpayer who cashed his Insur
ance during 1919 must report as in
come any excess received over. the to
tal of premiums paid.
Members of partnerships or personal
service corporations or beneficiaries ol
an estate or trust must report theli
shares of Income distributable to them
whether or not actually withdrawn.
Dividends of domestic corporations
must be reported. Many other forms
of Income ore taxable, unless specific
Savage Heada Oregon Fair Board.
Salem, Or. W. H. Savage of Cor
Tallis was elected president of the
state fair board here to succeed M. L.
Jones, who will retire from the boar
t expiration ot his term on April 1.
x. C. Marsters of Kosenurg waa nanieo.
Idaho Jury Convicts One Alleged Red.
snd Point, Idaho. Theory trytaf
the case of 18 L W. V. charged with
criminal syndicalism, after deliberat-
lag tMi than four hours, returned
-erdict of guilty against one ot the
defendaata and not guilty against the