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About The Weston leader. (Weston, Umatilla County, Or.) 189?-1946 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 16, 1918)
WESTON, OREGON, FRIDAY. AUG. 10. 1918
OREGON NEWS NOTES
OF GENERAL INTEREST
D-lnelnal Puanta nf fhM Wick
Principal Events 01 we
Briefly Sketched tor imor
mttion of Our Render.
Tho Oregon Interstate fair will bo
held In Prlnevllln thla year, October 1
to 6, Inclusive.
The Hltka Spruce company, of Co
ijiillle, la establishing a now ehlngla
mill In tli" r'Ulitrap district.
I'reparai Ion am being made by tho
lulior rounrll of t'nna hay for a mam
iiiuili rrMnatlnu hi Nrtli llnd and
Marahtlrld on l-abor day.
rllityone mriiibei of the Oregon
Agricultural college faculty have with
drawn to enlrr government service
allira 111 declarsllon of war.
A aawmlll ownod hy John M. Robins
at Hwan l.ake vallry In Klamath coun
ty was destroyed by fir with loss
of between 110,000 and f 11.000.
The prune growers or I'olk county
bsve formed a from prun pool. Tho
minimum prlre paid for tbn green fruit
will bo ! rents pound delivered at
th Dallas warehouse.
The Iowa aaaoclatlon of Oregon will
hold Ha annual picnic at the atate fair
ground at Hulrui Auuat IT and It la
ezpected that former lowana from all
over tho atala will bo prraent.
Tho George Terry aheep ranch on
Dock crock waa purrbaaed laat week
by John J. Kelly of llcppner. consid
eration named being $45,000. Tho
ranch embrace 3500 acres of land la
Morrow and Gilliam countlra.
Oregon baa been dlatrlctad Into IS
dlvlalona with community tabor
board given jurisdiction over each dis
trict to prepare for mobllliatlon and
dlatrlbutlon of labor, chiefly of the un
killed claa. In war Industries.
A new magazine for Sunday school
workers In Oregon, to b known aa
the Oregon Sunday School Outlook,
will ba published In Cortland under tbe
ausplcea of the Oregon Sunday School
Aaaoclatlon. beginning In September.
An Immense run of Chinook salmon
In th Columbia river, which began
aeveral days ago and Is still continu
ing, has made It probsble that this
season's pack will exceed that of laat
year. Cannerlea are all working at
Work haa begun on the construction
ef a fill to replace much of tho treatle
work adjacent to lh big Oregon Klec
trie railroad brldg over the Santlam
river between Dever and Talbot, where
the railroad croaaea from Linn Into
In the mountain district about 20
miles south of Camas valley, a double
tragedy accurred when two men were
caught by a falling tree. They were
Melvln Murphy and Robert Denham.
Murphy waa killed outright, and Ben
ham aerlously Injured.
Only one fatal accident, out of a
total of 691 Induitrlal casualties, was
reported to tbe state accident commls-
Inn for the week ending August I
This wss the case of John M. Person,
who wss accidentally killed In Port
land while engaged In tbe shipyards.
Through Intervention of Senator Mo
Nary a modification bas been secured
of tbe order of the railroad adminis
tration prohibiting reduced rates on
shipments of exhibits to the state fair.
All exhibits sent to tbe next state fair
may be transported In one direction
Oregon's fourth liberty loan quota
probably will be double that of the
third loan, according to Information
conveyed In a lotter to Governor
Wlthycombe from James K. Lynch, of
Ban Francisco, governor of the federal
reserve bank there. The quota of tbe
laat campaign was $18,495,000.
The Oregon Historical society estim
ates Its expenses for the next two years
at $24,800 and the department of public
Instruction at $41,068, In reports filed
with the state tax commission
celpts for tbe historical society are
estimated at $1600 and for the depart
ment of publlo instruction at $20,000.
Shipyards of the state expended 113,
S18.S16.2t In salaries and wagea during
tbe first six months of 1918, tor 2,266,
727 working days, or an average wage
for all classes of employment of $5.44
per day, according to figures which
have Just been completed for State
Labor Commissioner Hoffs biennial
Wherever practicable women will be
used on stats highway work In the
future, according to State Highway
Engineer Nunn. They will be assigned
to positions of Inspecting, checking
rock and similar lines of employment.
Orders have gone forth to engage as
Iran wwaaM J4tflhl.w4 to- ra,
I' n mm for other service.
Unrmnr Wlthyriimbe believes the
rial"- military iiollr ran be rut down
to (o llilrdu III r will size on th
flml of III year, and Dial by 1120.
regardless of whether or not the war
continues, It ran Iw rut to half lta
t M ArrordllIII hfl d.lttM
that no. leas than 1313.000 ran be.
lopped off the $651,000 which Major
IMrb haa estimated will be necessary
for the organisation during the next
bietinlum. Thla would leavs $274,000
for the use of the police.
At a conference with the capitalisa
tion committee of the war Induatrlea
board. IN preventative Slnnotl was In
formed that ths agricultural experte
have reported favorably on the Warm
Springe Irrigation project and that tho
outlook la good for favorable art Ion
on the lioiul issue, though no definite
action ran be taken now.
George F. Hodgers, shipbuilder of
Astoria, and former mayor of Salem,
wanta to use convicts to build ehlpa.
In a leltrr rrrelved by the atat board
of control Roditera atatea that be la
satisfied that free labor would not
object to convlrta working In the
yarda. and be atatea be la willing to
give full pay for their aervlces.
The body of Walter 8. Drockmen.
the largest owner of cattle In .Vallowa
county, was found near a trail on the
Snake river, where apparently be bad
fallen over the cliffs. Lying near blm
waa hla park mule, also dead, and
some of his horses were nearby. He
waa at work on the trail and la be
loved to have met bla death acciden
tally. ' Tbe Industrial Accident commission
will have an estimated deficiency of
f 110.000 for the present biennlum. ac
cording to a supplemental report filed
with the auto tax commission. Ex
penditure for the first six months
against tbe aula's ahar of expense
make an expense of f 3(0,000 likely for
the biennlum, aa against an appropria
tion of 1550.000.
Various timber owners and lumber
operators asked Governor Wlthycombe
to auapend tbe bunting seaaon, which
opened Thursday, that tbe danger
from disastrous forest flrea might be
minimised. Lumbermen believed that
the bunting seaaon should bo deferred
until changed climatic conditions re
duce tbe liability of forest flrea. Tbe
governor, however, decided to allow
the bunting season to open August IS
regardless of the proteata.
The Initiative and referendum pam
phlet for tbe genrrnl election contains
14 pages, the smallest issued In tbe
history of tbe Oregon system. Six
measures are covered, Including estab
lishment of normal schools In eastern
and southern Oregon, a boms for de
fective and delinquent children, prohib
iting commercial fishing In the Willamette-
and seine and set-net fishing
In the Rogue river and repealing bills
covering advertising delinquent tax
lists and cost of legal publications.
In event tbe legislature listens to a
recommendation of tbs Industrial Ac
cident commission to make workmen's
compensation compulsory, it will coat
tQC aute but $286,974.14 to conduct
that commission during the next bien
nlum. On tbe other hand, if the rec
ommendation' Is not abided by, tbs
state's share of the accident fund for
the two years will be $1,200,000. These
facts are brought out In the special
report of the Accident commission Just
tiled with the State Tax commission.
Henry L. Corbett, of Portland, sub
mitted his resignation as chairman and
member of the state council of defense
to Governor Wlthycombe, to become
effective Immediately. William F.
Woodward, of Portland, was named to
succeed Mr. Corbett. Mr. Corbett said
his selection In connection with the
Military Training Camps' association
made It necessary for him to reslpn.
His new position will take him on In
spection work through the camps of
Oregon, California and Washington,
and will consume much of his time.
More than 100 pounds of surplus
honey per colony Is the record of some
ore(on Agricultural college bees in
tests carried on this summer. The
result Is attributed almost entirely to
winter care by A. L. "Lovett, entomolo
gist, who made the tests. Other. col
onies, similar In every way but win
tered In the usual manner, made no
such record. Plenty of stores, plenty
of room and plenty of protection make
up tbe formula. The successful col
onies were wintered In a double hive,
tbe upper part tilled with stores, the
whole protected from cold and mois
ture. Submarine Sinks Nina Fishing Boats.
Nantucket, Maaa. Nine fishing
schooners were sunk off Georges
bank by a German submarine, a naval
icout bwt hlcii put In here reported,
HI I ka
Col. Marlborough Churchill, head ef
ths military Intslligsncs section ef the
Unltsd Ststes Army gsnsral staff. .
GAS ATTACK OFF ;
Washington The nary department
baa announced a gaa attack agald'iit
the North Carolina coast, presumstily
by a German submarine, temporarily
putting out of business the roast guard
atatlon and lighthouse at Peronnel, on
Forty minutes after the attack three
large oil spots, each about an acre In
extent, were observed passing by
Smith Island to tbs north. It is con
jectured thst the gss must have been
generated In thla oil, which warre
brssed by the submarine in the vicin
ity of the entrance to the channel. In
the hope that It would come In with
Smith ialand is off the mouth of
Fcsr river. Had the Gertnana had bet
ter tuck with wind and tide, the
clouda of gas would have swept Into
the city or Wilmington. Six men at
the coaat guard station and lighthouse
were gassed, but there bsve been no
CASUALTIES TOTAL 20,112
Casusltles Reported by Genersl Persh
ing Aggregate 4916.
Washington Casualties in tbe srmy
and marine corps overseas made pub
lic Sunday aggregated 432, bringing
the total for the week to 4916 and the
total since Americsn troops landed In
France to 20,112. Most of tbe casual
ties for the week represented losses
In the fighting on the Marne-Aisne
Of the total casualties-announced
Sunday 345 were soldiers and 87 ma
rines, while of tbe week's total, which
Included Sunday's lists, 4198 were sol
diers and 718 marlnoa. The week's
aggregate of 4916 compared with 1430
the week before.
In the 20,112 casualties, total deatbs,
Including 291 lost at sea, men killed
In action, died of wounds, disease, ac
cidents and othor causes, numbered
7716; soldiers. 6883; msrlnes, 833. The
wounded sggregated 10,874; soldiers.
9048; marines. 1826; and the missing,
Including prisoners, 1522; soldiers,
1431; marines, 91.
Lsnlne and Trotzky Flee Moscow.
London. Premier Lenlne and his
chief assistant, Leon Trotzky, bave
fled to Kronstadt, the naval base near
Petrograd, according to a dispatch sent
out by the semi-official Wolff Bureau
of Berlin and printed in Zurich news-
ssys a Havas report from
Finns Rsjtct King Bill.
Amsterdam. The bill providing for
the election of a king of Finland waa
rejected on the third reading in the
Finnish Diet because It failed to re
ceive the necessary five-sixths ma
There has been little fighting of
great mement on the Vesle river, ex
cept in the nature of reciprocal artil
lery duels. The Americans have msde
another crossing of the Vesle and cap
tured the village ot Flsmette, north
wast of niajfc
1 ' V
Major General W. 8. Graves, Mho
haa been stlectsd to command tho
American troops to bs sent to Siberia.
With tbe American Army on the
Vesle Front In attempting to dis
lodge tbe French and Americans from
positions north of the Vcitlo river on
both sides of Flsmos. tbe Germans
launched repeated counter-atlacka,
without auccess. There waa desperate
fighting In the region of Flsm.ile,
where the German attacks were re
pulsed by the Americans, who were
clinging to tbe outskirts of tbe village.
in tbe region of Baxocbea tbe Ger-
mans msde several vicious attache,
but tbe allies successfully fought them
The Amerlrsns took t tew prisoners
at Kistnette ss a result ef hand-to-hand
encounters. After a second German
night attack the Americans retaliated
and penetrated tbe German lines a
short distance. They reached one of
the enemy's rirst-aid field stations and
took prisoner seversl wounded Ger
mans. The Americans then returned to
their scml-rircular positions at FIs
mette and resisted all attempts of tbe
enemy to dislodge them.
BRIEF NEJVS OF THE WAR
Marshal Koch followed up bis suc
cessful counter attack on the Soissons
Rheims salient by an offensive on the
Picardy front, where the Germans
made their great gain last March.
The bulge in the allied lines In Pi
cardy molted away before tbe com
bined onslaught of the British, French,
Australians, Canadians and Americans
and the Indications are that the Ger
mans will not only lose all they gain
ed In their offensive In March but
may be forced back to the old Hinden
The allied forces forged ahead so
rapidly in Tlcardy that the German
retreat almost reached the proportions
of a rout In places. The whole bot
tom of the salient flattened out In two
days' fighting. The French captured
the important town of Montdidier
Important German lines of com-
muntcatlon have been cut. Oothers
ern under bombardment by artillery
and airplanes. The enemy retirement
within the salient is reported to be
greatly congested and great numbers
of men and huge quantities of material
are being cut off.
The number of prisoners captured
during the first three days of the of
fensive is very large. It Is hinted at
Paris that It exceeds by far the figure
given out in the official statements.
Two divisional headquarters, with
their staffs, are said to have been
taken. The guns and war materials
lost by the enemy constitute a very
The tanks, armored cars and caval
ry worked throughout the entire re
gion, while airplanes soared far be
hind the lines, bombing transport and
troop movements and also paying par
ticular attention to the bridges over
the Somme, by which the enemy Is
endeavoring to escape. All behind the
line the Germans are destroying am
munition depots as they quit their
U. 8. Orders 1,000.000 watcnes.
Geneva. American expeditionary
forces In France have ordered 1,000,
,000 watcfcis troa Swiss firms,
AMIENS 0UT0F GUN RANGE
Great Transportation Center Safe,
Thanks to Allied Triumphs.
London. Speaking at a luncheon at
Newport, Monmouthshire. Premier
Lloyd Reorg emphasised the Import
ance of the pushing back of the Oer
mans from within gun rsnge of tbe
"Hundreds of trslns used to psss
through Amiens daily," the Premier
said, "but we were temporarily de
prived of Its use until recently, when
wa were able to employ 20 trains
dally. Amiens Is now safe, through
the recent allied triumphs on tbe
Msrne and the Sornme, which were
due to the unity of command."
Halg Advancing on Flanders Front
London. Increased activity In
Danders with slight advancement of
the Ilritlsh lines at two points In the
center of tbe salient, was announced
by Field Marshall Halg.
Wilson Absndons His Trip to Coast
Wsabington. President Wilson has
abandoned tbe alight prospect had ol
vialting the Pacific coast at least fof
many months, probably until tbe cloae
of tbe war.
Ship Torpedoed Off New York.
New York. A German submarine
approaching the very gatea of New
Tork barbor, aank the oil tanker Fred
erlck R. Kellogg off tbe Ambrose
channel. Thirty-five members of tbe
crew brought here reported that seven
Germans Want Finna to Fight.
Washington. A report from Stock
holm reaching tbe state department
from sources considered reliable sayt
tbe German government baa addressed
an ultimatum to the Finnish govern
ment requiring that the Finnish army
prepare to march against the entente
forces on the Murmansk coast within
' THE MARKET
Oats No. 2 white feed. $59 per ton.
Barley Standard feed. $54.50 ton.'
Corn Whole. $75; cracked. $76.
Hay Timothy, $34 per toa; alfalfa.
Butter Creamery, 49c per lb.
Eggs Ranch. 48c per dozen.
Potatoes New, $3.253.75 per cwt
Poultry Hens, 23 25c; broilers,
26 a 27c.
Butter Creamery. 53c per lb.
Eggs Ranch, 53c per dozen.
Poultry Hens, heavy, dressed, 36c;
light, 36c; broilers, dressed, 42; roost
ers, dressed, 27c; ducks, live, 30c;
dressed, 36c; geese, live, 27c, dressed,
U. S. FIELD ARMY FORMED
First Step Taken Toward Co-ordination
of American Forces in France.
With the Amerncan Army In France.
The first American field army has
been organized. It is under the direct
commend of General John J. Pershing,
commandeiMn-chief of the American.
forces. The corps commanders thus
far announced are Major-Generals Lig
gett, Bullard, Bundy. Reed and Wright
The creation ot the first field army
is the first step toward the co-ordination
ot all the American forces la
This does not mean the immediate
withdrawal from the British and
French commands ot all American
units, and it is probably that divisions
will be used on the French and British
fronts for weeks yet.
Long. Range Gun Silent
Paris. The long range cannon with
which the Germans have intermittent
ly bombarded Paris, has been silent
for several days. This may be ex
plained by the allied advance toward
Noyon and Guiscard, whence the re
cent firing Ia said to have been proceeding.
i&f OREGON ia
IN WILD DISORDER
Old Line Held By Enemy Be
fore Retreat to Hindenburg
Line Crossed By Allies.
With the British Army la Francs.
The allied forces continue their vic
torious advance, poshing la the gen
eral direction of tbs upper reaches of
Tbey were smashing the stiff re
sistance Interposed by tbe rear guards
of tbe. retreating Germans, the bulk
of whom, according to reports con
sidered reliable, are fleeing la dis
order. The Germans are retiring gradually
everywhere. The Americana a ad
British north of the Somme after hard
fighting, with fine spirit pushed oat
toward Bray. Tbey have traversed
the northern spur east of Chlpllly.
and Etinebem is as well aa la their
British, French and Americas
troopa have reached, roughly, the old
line held by tbe Germans before their
retirement to the Hindenburg lioe.
Tbey bsve now poshed beyond ' la
Large groups of prisoners, hungry,
thirsty and grimy and appesring thor
oughly disheartened, continue to ar-
rive at the collecting cages.
tbn captured were Ave regimental
commanders and ten battalion coat
minders. So far 33 German divisions bar
been Identified la the fighting. Tbe
Indications are that tbe enemy's re
serves are gradually being exhausted
and be la drawing troopa eat ef the
line to extend bin flanks and cover
any gape. This la aa operation, bow
ever, which can be carried oat oaly
to a limited degree. .
TO SPEED UP
Washington. Chief of Staff March's
declaration that America must speed
up Instesd of let up, la Its war effort
as a result of allied successes la
France, ia counted on la official circles
to spur congress to quick actios ea
tbe man power bill, broadening the
The thing to do now, March force
fully declared, ia to put tbe maximum
punch Into American effort Officials
regarded his statement aa Indicating
plainly that the allied war chiefs,
from Marshal Foch down, have put it
up to tbe United States to throw such
a force into the field as will complete
the disillusionment of the Germane,
already well begun by the achieve
ments of American fighters who have
gone against the kaiser's crack le
March's statement of the magnifi
cent work of the Rainbow division,
composed of men from 26 states, also
wss construed as evidencing the fact
that Foch knows that Amertcaa
troops, be they "green' or seasoned.
are , match for the best the kaiser
has. March told how the Rainbow di
vision In eight days bad forced the
passage of the Ourcq river, taken pris
oners from six enemy divisions, deci
mated and routed a crack division of
Prussian guards, a Bavarian division
and one other division, and smashed
back the foe's line 16 kilometers.
This division was In the center of
the American-French counter offen
sive. The Germane knew It had gone
in and put their best troops against It,
hoping to smash America'a unseasoned
men and so prove to the German peo
ple tbat the United States military
aid counted for little. Had the plan,
succeeded, the effect on the allied mor
ale and on Foch's plans might have
Fees of the staie treasurer's office.
Including those on Inheritances and on
interest on deposits, are expected to
Increase over $100,000 in the next two
years, bringing their aggregate up to
$305,500, according to a statement filed
by State Treasurer Ksy with the tea
commission. Expenses for the office
tor the two years are estimsted at $35,
900. The Public Service commission,
exclusive ot the state grain inspection
department estimates lta expenses at
$97,100, with tees of $2000 from log
boom companies. The state weather,
board asks $30,080, minus fees of $13.
200. and the bureau of mines and geol
ogy $50,000. The Florence Crlttendoe
Home expects $7500 from the state as
part of recelpta totaling $10,503.