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About Weston weekly leader. (Weston, Umatilla County, Or.) 1878-189? | View Entire Issue (Oct. 16, 1880)
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WESTON, UMATILLA COUNTY, OREGON, SATURDAY, OCTOBER 16, 1880.
" no. 45 j - :
WESTOX WEEKLY LEADER
W. T. WILLIAMSON, a P. M'COLL
WIUXAMMS t MYALL. rnMUhere.
Issued Evert Saturday Morning,
WESTOX, UMATILLA COUKTT OK.
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None. Simple announcement of births, marriage
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notice charged lor scuoruing to wngtn.
g V. KNOX,
Attorney at Law,
Will nraetlca In tlia Court! of thla Slate and W ah
ngtoo Territory. Special attention paid to Land Offlc
business and collections.
Office Main St.. Weston. O.
Attorney at Law,
Fnt E At Conrt Hons. Walla Walls
Attorney at Law and Notary Public.
WU practice n tin Court in Oregon and Washington
Collections Promptly Attended To. .
OrriCE. oat S!tla Street, ' Weston, Or
J A. STEEL,
Notary Public and Collector.
Ajrunt for Utah, Idaho and Oregon Stage Co'a, alio,
boiler la Caudles, NutH, Toys, Notions, t'lgar
Tuhncros. and aniuerons other articles.
Attorney at Law.
Will practise in all tha court of the State.
.1 W. WESTON, M. D.
Physician, Surgeon and Accoucheur.
ILI V.l, UHLI.U1.
AU call promptly attended.
and dealer la
R. W. R. JONES,
Orrec at to Pictvu Oalubt, Wistor, Oaioox,
Avrlneerting Artificial Teeth, a Sfecial t.v "Ba.
RS. KELLOGG & NICHOLS,
Homcepathic Physicians and Surgeons
OFFICE-Paine Bros' Brick.
ATSpaclal Attention given to disease of the Eye, Ear
R. JAMES DORR,
VEB DAY DBC STOKE, WALLA WALLA
aVTseth extaacted without pain
and all work war
Of WalU WalU, will make frequent profeational vUiU
at Weaton and Pendleton.
Physician and Surgeon,
lee, next door to City Drag Store.
R. W. T. WILLIAMSON,
Physician and Surgeon,
" WESTON. OGN.
Oflre at his resident on Water St.
OFFICE At Drvg Store. CenfervUle.
CUTTLE RY AN D PI PES I
Perfumery, Toilet Soaps,
FKENCH AXD AHEBICAX
Toys and Nuts,
TOBACCO AND CIGARS,
Wnoesale and Betall.
Fred. M. Pauly,
S. H. Kennedy's Mf g Co
The T.-vrsest of the kind in th TJ. S
Please examine the of the
(liferent dips and price: viz:
Dissolved Sulphur Dip,
"ifr Price $2.23 a gallon,
This is equal to 30 lbs the best
Concentrated Extract of
Price, $2.25 a gallon,
This is my FAVORITE Dip be
t CURES SCAB and can as
, uugree of strength with safety.
Hemlock Poisonous Dip.
; : Prico, $2.26 gallon. ,v , ,
AND IS THE BEST POISONOUS DIP IN
Each Gallon of theoo THna
117 make enough for 223 Sheep after
Special Dip for Scab,
Price, $2.50 a gallon.
Reliable at any season of the year, especially
so in the Fall and Winter.
Put up in one and five gallon cans with full
directions for use.
Pamphlets sent Free to any Address.
Sold by all principal dealers in the U. S.
j. Mccracken & co.,
Agents for the! PaelncCoast.
Leading Evening Newspaper West of th
Diily Bulletin, one year $ig OO
Weekly and Friday Bulletin (making togcthei
a complete Semi-Weekly 3 00
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Fart of a year in proportion.
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8. F. Bl'LLEVIX CO.,
NO PATENT, NO PAY.
obtained for mechanical devices, medical or other com
pounds, ornamental design, trade-marks and labels.
Caveats, Aaaignments, Interferences, Infringements, and
all matters relating to Patent, promptly attended io.
We make preliminary examinations and furnish oniniom
as to patentability, free of charge, and all who are inter
ested in new inventions and Patents are invited to send
for a copy of our "Guide for obtaining Patents," which
I aent frea to any address, and contain complete in
structions how to obtain Patent and other valuable
matter. During the past five yeara we have obtained
nearly three thousand Patent for American and Foreign
Inventors, and can give satisfactory references in almost
every county in the Union.
Address: Lou Is Bagger Jt Co.. Solicitors of Patents
and Attorneysat Law, LeDroit Building, Washington,
T. E. BRAMECT
SURVEYOR AND CIVIL
LSP AX WEtLS' SPRINGS, UMATILLA CO..
in Dalles District. Parties desiring land located
would do well to correspond with him. PettyevUle P.O.
J. C. STAMPER, MRS. TAYLOR.
The Webfoot Restaurant,
Opposite the new Court House.)
Best Heals for the Money tm Walla Walla.
For the Leasbb. !
Hundred of thousands wiil greet him.
And nuke him the chief of out nation !
Jfor can all their legion unseat him
Confuse him. or alter his station !
On, on to the battle ! He leads.
Cap in hand, he ware over their heads.
Kind adieu inch a Garfield, most dreads'!
Weston, Or., Oct 5th, 1880.
Editors Leader: i
Gentlemen If not encroaching upon
your valuable time would you do me, and
probably many others the favor to inform
me through the columns of your esteemed
paper, why you are a Democrat 1 I am
a young man with my political procliv
ities not yet cast, and my mind is unbi
ased. If I have been correctly informed,
you arrived in this country after your
mind had reached maturity. Your an
cestors were not adherents of either polit
ical party in this Presidential election,
and consequently you sheuld have been
free from all political influences. Your
honesty and intelligence I admire and
your opinion I would esteem.
WH1 WE ABE DEMOCBATIC.
jThere are only two political parties,
properly speaking, in this country. He
wjio participates in politics is either a
Democrat or a Republican. It is pre
sumable that each individual has a suf-
ieiit reason for his political preference.
The democratic part" dates back to the
days of Jefferson, while the Republican
party does not extend much beyond the
Lincoln administration. The . funda
mental principles of democracy are the
same to-day that they were in the time
of J efferson; constitutional State's rights,
tariff for revenue only, honest money
and economical government. These we
cordially endorse. , They have been pro
ductive of goocL Under democratic rule
tte country has experienced its greatest
prosperity; acquired all its territory, ex
cepting Alaska, and fought all its foreign
From the time of the Missouri Compro
mise, (1820) the question of slavery agi
tated the public mind. It was never a
party issue, but was purely a sectional
one. It ran through- different phases
Until the various Compromises were
swept away by Douglas' famous Kansas
Nebraska Bill, which became law in
jl854. Towards the close of Pierce's ad
ministration, the Whig party died. All
opposed to slavery were swallowed up in
jthe republican party. Fremont, its can
didate received the vote of only eleven
States, and Buchanan was t Jested. Mow
began the breaking up of the democratic
ranks. Slavery was the all-absorbing
question. A great many of the old line
Whigs joined the democrats and a great
many democrats went into the republican
party. The old party lines were oblit
erated. Minor issues were thrown aside.
The question of slavery was uppermost
in every mind. The one and only grand
distinctive feature of the republican
party was its opposition to the extension
of slavery. Every reader of his country's
history knows that the platform upon
which good Abe Lincoln was elected
president was largely democratic in prin
ciple, and that nearly evry plank of it
was suggested by democrats like Lyman
TrumbuL The truth is that a great por
tion of the republican party at that time
were democrats, who were opposed to
slavery. It was now a contest between
the Whigs and democrats of the north,
and the Whigs and democrats of the south.
The north won, and the south seceded.
A majority at the south and a great
many at the north believed it had a right
to do so. This belief was not confined
to what formerly constituted the demo
cratic party, (the strongly republican N.
Y. Tribune for instance) nor did it find
universal favor with that party. But
the war decided these questions forever.
Slavery and Seoession are dead, and lie
buried deep in the ashes of confederate
hopes. No breezes from the Sunny
South can ever fan them iato life again.
But the war could not have been carried
to such a successful termination without
the aid of the democracy. Thousands of
them who had not allied themselves to
the republican part? now rushed to the
rescue of the Union. It is an undeni
able fact that those states which gave
Lincoln the smallest vote, furnished more
men in proportion to their population
than did the states that were strongly
republican. . Let us examine this more
closely. The entire vote for Lincoln was
1,820,426. The 29 states which give
this vote contributed 2,731,744 Union
soldiers. Then at least 917,094 of them
must have been democrats. But this
number would imply that all the Lincoln
votes joined the army, which is simply
preposterous. The rebel state of Mi
souri gave Lincoln 17,028 votes, and fur
nished 199,111 Union soldiersi e."' Mis
souri contributed 17,028 republican
soldiers and 182,083 demoeaatic soldiers
to the cause of the Union more than
ten to one. And jret the republicans
crashed the rebellion. Shame ! Then
look at the array of democratic names
who led the federal forces: General
Hancock, Thomas, McClellan, Rosecranz,
Hooker, Sloeum, Seigel, Palmer, Mor-
gan, Jawing, Terry, Farnsworth, Scho
field, Bouek, Bragg, Stoneman, Corse
McClernand, Steadman, Steele and many
others, making an overwhelming major
ity of democratic officers. This does not
seem as if the democrats were disloyal.
Even the Emancipation Bill could not
have passed but for democratic votes and
then it had a majority of only three.
But the war was over, and slavery and
secession were both dead. The republi
can party had the name of subduing the
rebellion, and it laid the flattering unc
tion to its soul without a qualm of con
science. On this tidal wave of popular
ity Gen. Grant was borne to the White
House. Now was the golden opportu
nity of the republican party to rise supe
rior to sectional strife and personal ag
grandizement, and become a national
party. But, the timely counsels of the
very men who made the party were en
tirely disregarded, and mere politicians
shaped its destiny. Suoh men as Sum
ner, Chase, Trumbul, Greeley, Palmer,
Bristow and Doolittle, together with the
wise measures they advocated, were
thrown into the shade of neglect. But
the men who did nothing for the party,
but reap the reward of its greatness
Blaine, Conkling, Cameron, Logan (who
desired a rebel commission, and did not
flop over until 1863), Garfield, Belknap,
Robeson, Schensk, Sheppard and others
of that class, now ruled the land. This
looked suspicious, and set serious men to
thinking. About the only claim the
party could now make to popular sup
port was that it crushed the rebellion,
and we have seen whether it did that.
The republican party under Grant was
as unlike the republican party that elect
ed Lincoln as well could be. It retained
the-nauae but had discarded the princi
ples. Let ..us compare them briefly.
Here is an extract from the Lincoln plat
form : "That the maintenance inviolate
of the rights of states, and especially the
right of each state to order and control
its own domestic institutions according to
its own judgement exclusively, is essen
tial to that balance of power on which
the perfection and endurance of our po
litical fabric depend." This was good
democratic doctrine in the days of Jeffer
son. It is eood democratic dactrina to
day. It was republiean doctrine in
1860, During Grant's administration
it was repudiated. The party with
steady strides marched towards imperial
ism. The judicial rights of states were
set at naught in at least two instances.
Another extract from that same platform
is as follows: "We denounce the law
less invasion by armed force of the soil
of any state or territory, no matter under
what pretext, as among the gravest of
crimes." This is now and always has
been good democratic doctiine. It was
republican in 1860. But how sadly that
partyjrepudiated it when Grant sent the
troops to Louisiana, Just one more ex
cept from the Lincoln platform : "That
we are in favor of restoring the action of
the federal government to the principles
of Washington and Jefferson.
and that a return to rigid economy
and accountability is indispensable."
This too has the true democratic ring.
But no one, however partisan, will for a
moment claim that the republiean party
is in harmony with the principles of Jef
ferson ; it ignores state's rights, opposes
free trade, has an uncertain financial
policy and is the most extravagant party
this country has ever suffered from.
Thus we see that it has utterly disregard
ed the principles laid down by its found
ers, and repudiated the doctrines that
gave it strength.
It was at this time we were obliged to
form our political opinion. We found
that the republican party had violated
every pledge (omitting the dead issues of
slavery and secession), that it had made
to the people in I860; we found it foster
ing sectional animosities for political par
poses; we found the whole land ringing
with democratic and republican charges
of fraud of all dimensions, in high places,
and the administration unwilling to pun
ish corruption in the party; we found it
the friend of cliques and rings in every
department of the government. On the
other hand the democracy still adheres
to the principles of Jefferson, that have
made this union prosperous at home and
respected abroad. It still stands by the
declarations it made in the Lincoln plat
form, which the republicans once advo
cated but which in the flush and plenti
tude of their power they ignored and
abandoned. These are the chief reasons
why we are democratic.
THE V. S. LAND LAWS.
What the settler UBeqnlred to do to Acquire
A soldier who served in the war of
the rebellion on the Union side has
right to take a lien upon 160 acres for
six months on the payment of three dol
lars. The land may be secured for him
on a written application sent by mail or
by an attorney holding written authori- J
ty from the soldier. At the expiration
of six months the soldier must personal
ly make a regular filing and thereafter
is governed by the same laws as the
civilian, excepting that he is allowed to
deduct the time of , his service in the
army from the required five years' resi
dence, provided always, that he lives at
least one year on the land. The soldier
in filing his homestead claim should in
form the Register that he wishes to de
duct the time of his service in the army
from the five years' residence. In case
of the death of the soldier, his widow, f
unmarried, will be entitled to all the
.privileges of the soldier. In ease of the
death or marriage of the widow, the
minor children of the soldier, by a guar
dian duly appointed and officially accred
ited at the department of the Interior,
may be entitled to all the privileges to
which the father would have been enti
tled. The government does not require
residence of the guardian or children
simply cultivation of the land. j
Hancock and English Club at Milton.
We had quite a ripple on our political sur
face here this afternoon. As previously an
nounced, Col. Fulton, and Dr. Williamson
appeared promptly upon the tapis at 2 p. M.
on the 6th inst. Meeting organized by the
selection of N. Pierce as temporary Chairman.
On motion your correspondent was chosen
Secretary. J. H. Lamson was then elected
permanent President of the Club, when Mr.
Fulton being introduced, made quite a telling
speech in the interest "ot the party now sup
porting Hancock for President. Taking up
and threading a line of armament that chal
lenges successful contradiction, reviewing in
brief the many disqualifications of Garfield for
the Presidency, etc. He was followed in a
very appropriate, and eloquent address from
Dr. Williamson, of the Leader," who also
based his remarks upon authority which has
ever yet, and ever will fail to dispute the tes
timony it has given to the world, of misrule
in office. After the speaking the following
named persons signified their identity with
the Hancock and English Club, by enrolling
their names as members. j
James Ireland, Jason Wyatf. i
W SFrazier, D H Williams,
F J Morie,
. y n nerce,
J M Fagg, !
A M Elam,
W P Palmer,
AGP Wardle, . j
, S F Herrington, L
P Comstock, ' j
J 1 Moss,
S P Whitley,
W A Rash,
E L Morrison,
ai s ratterson,
There will bo doubt be many accessions to
our number when we again meet to properly
organize. Time of meetings fixed upon Wed
nesday evenings. Our citizens here, of all
parties, do their work quietly, making no un
due demonstrations, and what they undertake
in that iireotion will be done surely. j
W. P. Palmer,'
Oh, yes 1 You can rely on Webfoot
oil at all times, night or day, as a sure
cure for croup or spasm. Ask for it at
jxtcvou or aimer s.
THUBLOW WEED ON t&GEB&OUi.
The following letter from Mr. Weed,
appears in the New York Herald; :
Men entertaining infidel opinions fori
the last twenty or more years, and until
the appearance of Robert G. : Ingersoll'
have seldom obtruded themselves upon
the public. There is nothing in the
manner or matter of modern divines
either to provoke or invite antagonism.
Clergymen do not, as formerly, dwell and
linger upon the dark features of theo o
gy. Nothing is now heard of the fat of ,
"infants not a span long." The minjstry (
of our day is a ministry of peace, charity J -
and good will. This generation learns to '
love and serve rather than to dread and
distrust our Creator and Saviour.' What
ever grounds existed formerly to tempt
scoffers and revilers, the religion of our ,
time disarms and silences unprejudiced
Colonel Ingersell, whom I know, has -the
reputation of being a gentleman of
education, with a well stored mind and
attractive personal manners, who speaks
fluently and eloquently. A man thus
gifted can do much good, but much more
evil, according to the principles,espoused
and the lines of conduct marked out for
himself. Colonel Ingersoll, it seems, up
on thejentrance into active life, chose
the left instead of the right pathway,
and becomes a reviler of, instead of a
believer in, a religion which has been
making the world wiser, better and hap
pier for almost nineteen centuries.
Without questioning Colonel Ingersoll's "
sincerity or impugning his motives, I am
persuaded that if half the time expended
in fortifying himself with arguments had
been devoted to an intelligent anl im-
partial consideration of the evidences
establishing its truth, the country would
have had instead of a reviler a gifted fol
lower of Him, whose missions, labors and
character, viewed from a worldly stand-'
point, inspire admiration, affection and. -gratitude.
Is it not, therefore, painful:
to see men "richly endowed perverting' X
their gifts, misusing their talents in per- -sumptious
revilings and ribald jesting
against a Creator and a Saviour from
whom every earthly bounty and blessing
emanates 1 .
No act of the Saviour's life and no
word He ever uttered has been or can
be construed or tortured into hostility
to the welfare and happiness of every
member of the human family. Human
laws are founded upon the Divine law.
All that concerns our happiness here and
hopes of happiness hereafter is derived -
from the Scriptures. On the other hand,
what has infidelity done for us I Who '
profits by its teachings? After depriving
its followers of their belief in a future,
how does it compensate them ? What
does it offer in exchange for a life of
immortality. If, for example, Colonel 4
Ingersoll should be summoned to the
bedside of a dying friend or relative, "
what words of comfort could he offer?
Of what service could he be to that
stricken friend? Would he aggravate)
the sufferings of one whose last hours
needed soothing by telling him there was
nothing but the cold, dark grave await
This cruel theory is repelled not ou
y by revelation but by the laws of Na-.-ture.
Nature is instinct with evidences
and confirmations of the truth of revela
tion. The vegetable and floral world
only die to live again. The produces of
the earth live and die annually. The'
buried acorn reproduces the living oak.
And yet infidelity insists that man, the
image of the Creator, wonderfully en
dowed and gifted, under whose auspices
the world has been enlightened, elevated
and. adorned, is after a brief existence to
be as though he never had been. Con trast
the labor of Voltiare and Paine
with those of J ohn Wesley. Can it . be ;
said with truth that the former two made
any one better or ,lappier? Hundreds
of thousands of the ; followers of John
Weslev have lived and died and other 7"
hundreds of thousands survive, rejoicing
in their conversion from a sinful to a
Christian life.. The memory of Wesley
is everywhere; cherished by the good and
the pure, while Voltaire and Paine are.-'
only remembered for the e Vil rather than .
for good they did.
Use Oriental Hair Tonic for preserv.
mg the hair.