Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About Weston weekly leader. (Weston, Umatilla County, Or.) 1878-189? | View Entire Issue (Aug. 21, 1880)
WES TON, UMATILLA COUNTY; OREGON; SATURDAY. AUGUST 21,! 18S0.
iS-".'-- . . - -
. r yi, j . ..... ; 3
TESTOX WEEKLY LrJADU.t
It. williaksox, o. p. m'coll
'Wn '"- M'tOIX. raMLaaera.
lut'EO Evebt Saturday Moksiso,
f WCSTOS. CMATILLA COUJTTY OB.
I KbKTlpllSB Raltal
r Year, (eoia)..
i (line Moatua.. . .
. ... I W
NOT IONS !
!OHIVintlP(lvn uiwrfcw - .
aaea additional tnaertion ' - & I
Tim Squama, Sret insertion I aU '
-.i.41.i,..l iHuitiim . . 1 EJ
1 Tare kwm. Srst intsrttoa ..... 3 oo
I Math additieual insertion 1
S sa Onartar Column, tint insertion 1
I - - dtiUkiaiLi insertion. 3 W
Tina advert! by special contract Local notice
(6 osnta par lun flnt insertion, 1J4 cent) per line each
nhesa,narit iaaertioa. Advertising bill payabe quar
All laral notices will ba chanted 75 ccnta per square
at inaacttoa. and S7t cant per sauare each subsequent
taaactiaa (payable monthly ).
; Konoa. Slmpls announcement of births, marriage
aaa daatha will ba tnaorted wituout Marge, obituary
aotsoee chanced lor according, to len'tb.
iiCUTTLERY AfJO PiPEi!
Perfumer, Toilet Soaps,
Si 6 s 31 ii g'S LE ITEit.
Ajime Keaaous ffly James A. Varflrld Ought
nut tJ Ksei:iTe (lie .i ectur.il vuAc aaf rc
1)e: rt, Pulic Co., July 19, 1880.."
Editor Tihes: la 1873 "I made a
canvass of tke Slate fur a seat in tlie
431 Conaaad in the sjutheru coaa--.ie.-i
met many persoas whit wwi Jhr
ers b t3ti tliedreceut outbreak by the
ilo :oc Inilian.-i. Peraous who- had been
Jeao.iile.l t their, property, and tlmr
g V. KNOX,
Attorney at Law,
Will praatir bi tha Courta ot thin State and W sh
ngtwi Territory. Special attention paid to Loud OUke
baeittceia aud Cviievtiuna.
fC-Mala M.. Weatom. O.
FUEXt'll A.D AJltBlt'A.N
Toys and Nuts,
TOBACCO AXI) CIGARS,
Wltocsale and Retail.
Fred, M. P.i"-!y,
right "vipun which this bill should be
olaced. ' I detdre to aay here to-day that
there has been no Modoc war in auv na-
tiotial or iuternatiuaal sene. Bv the
Constitution of the United S ats Con
gress alone declares war. The Congress I hands.
of the Utiitod 'States has declared no
war, and has recogaiz -d iw. w w wiU UiaJ JU1 h;l A eappirt of a largwinaj 'ritv
give hiai. In his treatment of the raeas-1
ures for the relief o: the sufferers bv the :oor wMj-rto crreapilt Airtn
xt i . . n j fcag liraueii-Whuil llur Wild Wa are
Modoc outbreak, the frontier settlers nunicianuadew ,a4 Wkera
srt of justice they may eitpect at; his
at Ctfrfi'Ii '
Upon fvery vote. that was taken,! my
Attorney at Law,
rntt-At Caart Bona. Walla Malla
4 M EACH EN.
Attorney at Law and Notary Public.
V '; pnctlea n the Courta in Oregon and Washington
., . Territory. '
Collections Promptly Attended To.
tint E. Mala MreeU - Wcatoa.Or
o? tha k'tni ii t'l
'lease examine the',
liferent dips aad price
j A, STEEL.
Notary Public and Collector.
Ageat lor Utah, Idabo and Oregon Stage Co'a, alao,
laealrrla Caadlea, at. Toy , Notloas, Cljn r
Tahareoa. and nunicroaa other nrllrli a.
EO. W. KEA.
Attorney at Law.
Will practise in all the courta o: Vac State.
W..WESTON, M. 1).
Physician, Surgeon and Accoucheur.
All calls proanptly attended.
J F. CHOPP, M. D.
Physician and Surgeon.
OfUca with Dr Blalock, over Day's Drag
MAIN ST. WLLA WALLA.
S. H. Kennedy's iVIfg Co.
Thp 7' -fit
-a, a. I MBal
-aaa Dissolved Sulphur Dip,
IVice 82.25 a gallon,
i'his is equal to 30 lbs the best
Price, SZ.-o a gallon,
T.iisis my FAVORITE Dip be
. t'UUES S'AU and can as
ree of strength with safety.
Heml ck Poi onou3 Dip,
Price, S-.-o a gallon.
AND IS THE BEST POISONOUS PIP IN
Each. Gallo.1 of tiese Dips
Will male: ciuu.tk ,'nr Ji ,i,utai after
Spacia! Dip for Scab,
1 ri..o, J. a gallon.
Keliablc a'. a:;y s;as"!i of the year, especially
so m tlic F'tf. tttnl Winter
11'ut up hi one aud live gallon cans with full
directions t. .r use.
ramp .lets ser.t tree to any Address.
Sold by ail principal dealers in the U. S.
J. McCRACKKX L- CO.,
Aemta for tbe Parifle4'oaat.
R. W. K. JONI.
mrmrt T Till ricruai OAU.ERT, V.'tsroN, ORKn.i.
tV Inserting Artlf.cial Teeth, a S ialty tfl.
KS. KELLOGG & NICHOLS,
Homoepathic Physicians and Surgeons
OPnCE-Paine Bro3' Erick.
A!tiriecial At'ention given to diseases ot the Kye, Ear
l. JAMES DOUR,
VSR DAT' DUIC TORE, WALL.1 WALLA
aT-JTeeth utaacted irh-:it pain and 'J work war
3D JU Ai "X'lST,
I.e:iiius Kvrnlnz 1ipwapajpr Wtt of tU
RLB.SI KIJTI.N' RATIOS.
P ily Pur. tin, w y.ar St2 SM
Werly an J Friday ini.iutin iriyr.::::. ;oj.-t.iea
comp.-jte Mm-w i-c!..;. o
Vet.-ii..i' "iloii-j, ; fcar 3 5.
i vta ot a ytar in j-ro. o.ticn.
FREE SEED DISTRIBUTION.
Fach ubacricer will b3 prosentei with -ve;-a' "a
rietU'S.M tare and V'iluibWTlii.C, ViCidTA M.t. and
KlAI iAl riiiCD3, equal in v.ue to tae subscripiio.i
p.ice of tne )pt.-r.
txT Send lor Sample Copy, giving full particulars.
Kemittnnrea by Pratt, Potottfce Order, We. s, Fargo
&. Co.'s ExprvM, and Ifeisteri-d Letter, ut our risk.
b. f. criLi:Ti :o..
Han Franrlsco, Cul.
r'ricnJ.s dejoanded f me that, in th
e.ven'i f uiy election, I should try to
pr cure "or them from the U. S. Gov
errua'Mt Nome indemnification for the
1jss--s :iu;y had smtained at the hand.s
of the Indians. In a speech which I
made at. J ickfOuville, 1 ph-dged myself
to do all in lay power for the relief of
those people. I stated that their :laiuis
fur indemniiication were meritorious and
just, anJ referred to the act of Congress
which recognized lhat clitracter of
claims, and stated that ud:mi ""aer
principles of right and justice that lov
alty to the GovernuiPut and p''otect;ou
of the citizens v. ere recipr-c d obliga
tions and duties. I sta'ijd th it the Gov
ernment did not hold the Indian Lr.bcs
to be foreign nations; but treated the n
as their wards and protected theui
against any attempts of the citizens to
hold them responsible, legally cr other
wise, for any wrongs they might perpe
trate. In pursuance of this solemn
pledge, I did, in a few days after taking
my seat in Congress, introi uce a bill to
provide for ascertaining the losses sus
tained by citizens of Southern Oregon
and Northern California by reason of In
dian depredations in the yeais 1872-73.
The bill was referred to the Committee
on Indian affairs, and after much labor
I succeeded in obtaining from that com
mittee a unanimously favorable repor.
On the 13th of February, 187-1, my bill
came In-fore the1 House, and was under
consideration in' committee of the whole.
Mr. Averill a Republic n member from
Minnesota, was Chairman of the Com
mittee on Iudiau Aifair.s, and a? such,
had charge of th's bid, and advocated its
passige. The debate is too leng'hy, per
haps, for you to publish. Suffice to say,
that I occupied all the time the rules of
the House allowed in advocating its pas
sage. Gen. John Peter Cluer Shank, a
long-haired specimen of Republican hu
manity from Indiana, antagonized the
bill, and uttered charges against Ben
Wright and other frontiermcn, as tlie
cause jot the Modoc outbreak, and in,
his charges quoted many of Meaeham's
iien. I got an extension of time to re
ply to Shanks, and the debate became
warm nnd interesting. I had read to
Modoc Indian ' On the contrary, the
United St ttes was at peace with the Mo
doc Indians in a national sense. So th
argument does not apply that, inasmuch
that these Indians were a cojjmon ene
my, compensation cannot be made for
their depredations. What do the stat
utes of the United Stites prov.de on
this subject Is there ro uiode known
to the law under the Constitution by
which citizens of the United States shall
have a remedy for los:;es which they sus
tain and for injuries which they suffer
at the hands of Indians in charge of the
Government 1 We cannot apply to the
, I Modoc Indians the formula of a nation-
il . .i
ahty, for they are not a nation; we can
not pursue them in a court of justice,
jt'or there is no process known to law by
which they can be reached there; but the
statutes of the United States have sub
stantially provided a mode of relief, and
the provisions of this bill are but a mod
ification , of what is provided by the
statutes. It is not different in principle.
By the act of 1802, the intercourse act-
with the Indian tribes, it is expressly
provided that when any member of an
Indian tribe in amity with the United
States, in his own country commits any
depredation upon the person or property
of any citizen of the United States who
may lawfully be in that country, then
reparation therefor shall be made by the
. Ui-ited States.
incorporated in; the intercourse act of
of the Southern and. extreme Western
members, including Rir.sier, of South
Carolinia, and Rapier, of Alabama. . Even
th much abused negroes entertained a
higher sense of justice and had more
ylpa' hy f or the people of the frontier
than the Rev. J. A. Garfield.
If you desire to pursue this subject or
test my accuracy of statement, I refer
you to the officially reported debate, Con
gressional Record, "Vol. 2, part 2, 1st ses
sion 43d Congress, page 1485.
J. W. Nesmitii.
"RE3IE.1.Li.itf ft a YSBIJIMa
AXD GENERAL HANCOCK."
Westox, Aug 1G, 1S80.
Eds. Leader On the evening of July
1863 began the movement in the late
civil war which was pregnant with result
affecting the Union cause and the perma
nence of the best and noblest Republic
ever established. On that portentous
evening Gen. Hancock concentrated his
force around the bights of Gettysburg
Ceuietry nnd Gulp's Hill. On the morn
ing following opened the memorable bat
t'e of Gettysburg, with TIanc c's at the
head of the stcond corps and command
ing the lett centre. .Lee ordered lAing
street to take Hancock's iine by a furious
itttack on Ceuietry Hill. The second
corps was two hours under the concen
tr.ited tire of 23'J pieces of artillery which
The same principle is i poured out destruction on the iUidon
line. This shock v, us sustained without
1834. The guarani ee is there given that j flinching and during the attack Hancock
depredations committed by tlie Indians j iu front o his lines stimulating his men
shall be compensated by the Govorn-nent by word and action imparting his own
of the United States, if compensation, j military bravery and enthusiasm to his
cannot be obtained from the Indian tribe. I followers. The shock of corps to corps,
Lo!& Bkasch, 2ST- JaijlWO.
Everybody i Buproaely sppy at
Long Branchy 1he tijeanw IgbP"
fy ; becaosC-tiie ltISaSV4 ,ve
them an opportunity to 1 aifdy'MB tea
shore to its fa-ltut extent. - Tfcirwater is
ia a superb condition : ttSS-0
glorious breakers that ' 'dasli- . tho
sandy shores. The hotel" keepers are
happy because their houses are absolute
ly full and running over. DicU'Ir mT
they were happy 1 L err; for they are
really unhappy because their accommo
dations are so limited ; that eren cots
will not supply the demands of the som
nolent patrons who throng the corriders
and people the verandahs; Col. Leland,
our host of the "Ocean" iibeard'to ut
ter an extraet-froor Pinafore tlveins
with a great big D because he Kept so
diminotive a place,' as "though a cool
thousand wasn't enough foi4 ' .any one
man to.lodge, feed and dtbensise enter
tain. The hackmen are happy aecpuso
they fare well just at th present' "junc
ture. The principal ambition olta great
many of the visitors is appaweStly, as
soon a they land, to geVint ? vehicle
or some sort, it does not matter what,
and ride up and down the a"ven4e front
iug the beach, and thenthey -go homo
and say they had such a splendid time at
Lon Branch. The prooniitora or the
great t tr arc happy because- the boats
carried down from New Tfork are loaded
to repletion, and in order to gt ashore,
a disbursement of 10 cents-' las to b
made before it can be accontpludieu, and
so they ar getting rich. In fsbt, every
body is happy, and it is a goad thing to
have it so ..The "Ocean" is at the dero-
Now, have upon this border thou
sands of citizens of the United states
who have been deprived of their liberty
or their property by the Indians, as oth
ers were deprived of their lives, an4 un
less remedy can be obtained in some
way through the Congress of the United
States, then there can b no remedy for
citizens in that condition. The courts
are closed to them, and except through
the remedies- which ('onress may fur
nish, our own citizens are defenceless in
th-nr property and in their rights. If
the humblest citizen of the United States
upon foreign soil is at all interfered with
in his rights or in his property the whole
power of the government the army and
tlie navy is marshaled in his defense.
And shall it be said that a citizen of the
regiment against regiment, man to man'
and sword to sword was the culminating
effort which resulted in the nu lting away
of the shattered Southern forces. Dur
ihis clash Hancock vas wounded but the
battle won. Had Hancock been less
brave, less of a military genius what
might have been the result? Vicksburg
might not have fallen and the end of the
civil war might have been otherwise.
Why should not Hancocks devotion
fealty t' the Uniou be accepted unques
tioned? Hecariiesthe houorabln scars
of battl(j contested in defence of the
Union to dav. Will he not defend our
the Housfl a strong letter from Jesse
Annleffrtt.ft in favor of the mefisorp. anil
. . . , , ... , United States upon our own' territory-
was ably supported by Mr. Averill and . . ,.
ocratic end of the ib'wh"-RaJe farther
south it is considered more aristocratic.
as there are some cottages located there
occupied by swell people. ' One of tin
must beautiful of these places is owned
by the President of ' Adams Express
Company. It is my ideal of a summer
residence, and he knows how to appre
ciate it. Gen. Grant also has a cottage
not far distant, but it is rentef this sea
son to some other partitw.-;
The various hotels seem to have little
coteries formed by people from particU-la'-'localities.
Should "Toud"ins to find
a Philadelphia!!, you can solely get tid
ings of him by qoing to.Howland's Ho
tel. At the West End the Baltimore
ladies are most likely . to gather, while
at the "Ocean," western and southern
civil rights with the sae courage should j peoj)le find a resiaence suited to their
he be elected. Hancock's respect for the it is( tia ray est of ill the t
NO PATENT, NO PAY.
Of Walla Walla, will aiaka frequent profetwional visits
at Weston and Pendleton.
Physician and Surgeon,
, acst dsair ta City Draw Stare. CaUs
M. W. T. WILLIAMSON.
Physician and Surgeon.
fan at his raWeire aa Watatr St.
JJR8. BOYD ALBAN.
PHYSICIANS AND SURGEONS,
obtained for mechanical devices, medical or other com
pounds, ornamental designs, trado-mirks and labels.
Caveats. A.-ignm.'nt, Interferences. Infringements, and
all matters relatiog to ft- nts, promptly attv-nded to.
We naac preliminarv examinations and furnih opinions
as to patentabiiitv , free ot charge, and all who are inter
ested in new inventions and Patents are invited to send
lor a copy of our "Guide for obtaining Patents," which
a sent iree to any auuruas, uuu vwiiu.ii, iuiuicic in
structUius how to obtain Patents and other valuable
matter. During the past five years we have obtained
nearly three thousand Patents for America-, and Foreign
inventors, and can give satisfactory references iu almost
every county in the L'mou.
Address: Loals Bjif,iTt Co.. Solicitors ' Patents
and Attorneys at Law, U l'roit Uuilciing, Waablnstau,
: WESTON and CENTERVILLE.
BLrE MOUXTA1X STATION.
asc-rala r s Xrw Rrtck
f. I a?!
-tm uy aatrt .1
I will cte-itw sosMla to .
aid ClUea at the me
W1U carry frctji.
AU orders left with Salias aaeae, J. E. Jones o
F. !. Pauly at Weston, or Cook 6 Irvine, OsatervUla
ill receive my prosnpt attannoo.
Fr.-tcht Bills to be iaraibly paid In
Mr. Lowe, a Republican member from
Ivans is, and Mr. Luttrell fro. n Califor
nia. Near the close of the debate Mr.
Garfield participated and spoke as fol
iws: Mr. Garfield I should have no ob
jection f at all to the. appointment ot a
uo. omission, if the eommis3ion and the
work it might do would bring any reso
lution on which Congress would be usi
ified in giving relief. Suppose a com
mission should be appointed aud its ex
penses paid, and its report made; what
will we do with the report? Th se out
rages and deprecations were committed
by one of two classes of persons; either
by pi ivate robbers and murderers, or I y
public enemies. If bv private ruunler
ers, then who in this House propo: 63 to
adopt the principle that Congress shall
pay the damages inflicted ?
When Buffalo was burned to ashes by
the enemy in the war of 1812 with
Great Britain, the case was laid before
Congress, and that was probably the
strongest ever - pp-sented.
After a full and able discussion, Con
gress considered the laws of war did not
sustain a demand for payment for rav
ages by the common enemy.
I move to strike out the enactins clauss
ia the bill
Mr. Towne, ot -Kansas, said: I beg
the indulgence of the committee of the
whole for a few minutes, in order that
I may state what the committee on In
dian Affairs believe to be the right of
public pel :y rid the ground of public
! e l . ... J .t..;i
Here the hammer fell.
Mr. Garfield: I move to strike out the
enacting clause in 4he bill.
The Chairman: That is not debata
ble. The question was taken, nnd upon a
division there were: Ayes, 85; uay-, 64.
Before the result was announced Mr.
Nesmith called for tellers.
Mr. Garfield and Mr. Averill were ap
pointed, and the tellers reported that
there were: Ayes, 79; nays, 68.
The committee arose and reported to
the House, and Mr. Garfield moved that
the House agree to the report of the
committee. ' ,
Mr. Nesmith called for the yeas and
nays, and there wcro 105 yeas and 85
nays, 09 being a "osent or not voting.
Thus as you will observe from the
quotations that I have, made from the
official report of the debate, Mr. Garfield
did, in a cold-blooded aud ruthless man
ner, deny justice to the sufferers by the
Modoc outbreak. Mr. Garfield was a
leader of the House, and chairman of one
of its most important committees. He
made no argument worthy of name
against my bill, and replied to none, but
resorted to a mere technicality and by
the brute force of numbers cut off the
debate, and defeated as just and meritor
ious a measure as was ever brought be
fore any legislative body. I have never,
forgiven him for the act, and I hope that
the honest votors ii Oregon will act for
process of the courts lien he took c jiu
uiand in the south ; roves that hi is
above inaugurating any dictatorship.
Hancock would not likely be -( "in" the
! hands of h s fiiends" for a third terra as
one of our too much honored generals
has been. Any one who weighs Han-
cock's qualiiicacions and talents in situa
tions of difficulty and peril must be con
vinced that he is a uiau of great ability.
An rap a olio it i of u.iprej aiis-'d mini
iiitiat admit the loyalty of Hancock.
Otherwise no achievuieut can secure the
good opinion of men. All men who have
accomplished great and good dee;U should
reap the fruit thereof some day. Honor
Hancock and trust him as you -lid at
Last year over 20U,(M bushels of
wheat was threshed iu Jackson county.
This year it is thought that not over 80,
000 bushels will be threshed.
Oh, yes ! You can reiy on Webfoot j
nil n , ,,11 e n,,rl,fr r,l ft w a .urn
cure for croup or spasm. Ast for it at
McCoUd. Miller's. - '
Last week, the first time since its es
tablishment as a money or ler otEke, over
500 were sent through the po,st office
at Hillfehoro. . !
. .ja ;
The new hspital which the sifters, of
charity iutend to open at Astoria, viil be
ready for dedication early next month.
Evans & Wtst, of Lake county, have,
driven a band of 400 bead of tine beef
cattle, to California. .
gayest of all the hotels.
and the ladies say the hops'are perfectly
lovely. There are found ; some of the
most charming of southerndaughtcrs,fuil
of bright, sparkling, vivacious wit, whose
very motion is grace personified. There
are some terrific flirtations engendered
by the near proximity to the sea, and in
their endeavors to interpret tha language
of the wild waves, many. a Romeo and
Juliet have found their affinities. I '
picked up a crumpled bit of paper upon
which was inscribed these lines, evident-
ly showing that some . fine had a very
bad attack:. .. '1
' On thy fair hand this ;;lov may rest.
Ottimcs and oft aain, I
Hut ever within tlna loately breaat,
W ill I this aemimcut retain
Of luve fur thee. 'i '
Aud when life's fitful dream ( uVr,
Though in a-lotherTtpbere -With
forms angelic I may soar.
- My spirit w ill be forever here
T worship thee.
Long Brauch was at one period the
Mecca of New York excursioi.ists. Carn
ey Island, howeVe',liaRdrawiioffa greats
portion of the class oji i people who b
ljevc in cheap ekciafsions. Therefore,
the class, of people are, as a rule, more
orderly than they wero'in former day,
making it a more agreeable resort to wich
as prefer a quiet ' souru at the seasiot-.
-- - H. G.
Use OrientatV v 1'onic for preserv
ing the hair.-
Citizens of Independence school dta
trict have voted to rajpe $1509 by
for the purpose of-jbuildine 4 chool
Vebtooi Oil cures' pain, ijtetrnal or
external in from onel to fifteen sainutea.
Warranted. For' ''ile by iUcColl k