Image provided by: Morrow County Museum; Heppner, OR
About Heppner gazette. (Heppner, Morrow County, Or.) 1892-1912 | View Entire Issue (July 5, 1892)
But in Favor of Every
LXCKPT SALOONS OF COURSE.
Ami Tula Ii Ilia Only Parly That Daree
Oppoae Them That1! Wh it St Juliu
Say, aud He' Chairmau ami Sj.i He
Know Wauta Popular Uieutlona.
Cincinnati, June 29 The big music
hall was gay with bu itin .', plants, flow
ers, temperance inscriptions and por
traits ol Washingtoi, Lincoln, Neal
Dow and Frances W'llard, when the
Sixth National convention of the Pro
hibition party waa called to order by
Chairman Dickie, of the National com
mittee, this morning, 'Ihe proceedings
opened with the hvinn "America" on
the organ, the audience rising and join
ing in tne singing. At toe conclusion
Dr. J. G. Evans, of Bedouin Collese.
Illinois, offered a prayer. Rev. Dr. M.
C. Lockwood, of Cincinnati, welcomed
the delegates in I ehalf of the city and
State, Baying among other thing, that
the organized labor of the country was
beginning to appreciate the fact that
the labor and saloon problems are insep
arable, and that labor could never rise
while the saloon flourished.
Professor Dickie responded in behalf of
the delegates and said the prohibition
ists knew precisely what they wore here
for and exactly where they were going,
and there was no danger that any ob
stacle would divert them from their re
lentless purpose. "We are here," he
added, "to put candidates in nomina
tion and keep them in the field until the
polls close next November." This allu
sion to no fusion with the people's party
waa loudly applauded. The speaker
further said the delegates were here to
make an unequivocal platform and closed
by naming Ex-Governor St. John as
temporary chairman. Wild cheering
and waving oi nags and handkerchiefs
greeted the mention of the famous Kan
sas man and was renewed as he stopped
on the platform and assumed the gavel.
Governor St. John thanked the con
vention for the honor of being chosen to
preside over the "Greatest, grandest
convention in sobriety, moral force and
brain power evor convened on the
American soil," and continued: "It
represents a parly that dares to do right
because it is right and condemns wrong
because wrong. It stands for peace,
prosperity and happiness to every home
and death to every saloon in the land.
It demands for women equal pay in the
shop and equul say at the polls, a free
ballot for the white men of Penn
sylvania, Massachusetts and Iowa as for
the black men of Mississippi, Louisiana
and South Carolina; that the North,
the South, the East, the West and
black and white, rich and poor, every
human being shall have protection of
lile and property; that the expenses of
government be levied on the wealthy
instead of the necessities of the people.
We claim that any system which im
poses a high tariff on the food, fuel and
clothing of the poor and lets the dia
monds o: the rich come in free legalizes
robbery under the guise of protection
and ought to be forever abolished; that
all money should be issued by the gov
ernment; every dollar, whether gold,
silver or paper, should stand upon an
equality before tne law for all purposes ;
that the coinage of both metals be free.
Speaker continued urging government
ownership of railways and telegraph,
the election of President, vice-President
and secretary of States by direct vote,
the extension of the Presidential term
to six years with no successive term,
the suppression of monopolies, and con
tinued: "Legalized liquor traffic for
beverage purposes ia the greatest mo
uoply that ever existed ; it destroys a
hundred and fifty thouaand lives, and
costs a billion and a half dollars an
nually; sends misery, poverty, crime
and heartache broadcast among the peo
ple; it ia the product of Democrat and
Republican rule, a damning blot upon
civilization, a sin against God and ought
to be made a crime against humanity
and driven from the face of the earth.
The Prohibition party is the only party
that dares fight this mightieat curse of
the world. Here we are and here we
come to stay. From this hour let no
fusion, no deals, no compromises be our
motto. Let our platform be so broad,
just, clear, comprehensive that all who
lovo God or home or country can join
the procession now rea ly to move on to
victory." The speech was frequently
interrupted by enthusiastic applause.
The temporary rules reported by the
national committee provided that only
delegates present should vote. It was
objected that this would disfranchise
the distant States, and alter a hard fight
the rules were amended to allow dele
gates present to cast the full vote of the
State. The roll of States was called and
the names of members of the standing
committees announced. Pending re
ports from the committees on creden
tials and permanent organization the
convention took a recess till 4 p. m.
Miss Frances Willard was in favor of
withdrawing the Prohibition presiden
tial candidate should the People's party
put up a candidate satisfactory to the
executive committee of the Prohibition
ists. It is evident the convention is
against her on this proposition, how
ever. K.rnnr-'H Hoom Asuumlnc a llaauilful
Omaha, June 211 The boom for Sena
tor Stewart as the nominee for the Peo
ple's party has taken an impetus. Some
one has sh iwn where, previous to the
old party nominations, Senator Stewart
said : "If Cleveland and Harrison are
nominated the electoral vote of Nevada
and all the silver States will go to the
independents." More than this, it is
announced today positively by friends of
Senator St wart that he would accept
the nomination. Many were and will
be surprised to know that there is a
tight against Weaver in his own dele
gation. Whether the fight will be
strong enough to injure Weaver's
chances is not yet known.
I u.ou.hu tauuot Vote for WhllelaS
Omaha, June 29 There is a decided
Gresham feeling among the labor unions
of this city and GreBham talk can be
heard wherever laboring men are
gathered together, and the mention ol
the Judge's name is the signal !or
praises. Greaham sentimentisespecially
strong in the Typographical unions of
Omaha, South Omaha, and Council
Bluffs. Printers, aa a rule, are rather
independent in their political views, and
this year they will be more so than
usual, because of the peculiar conditions
of the campaign.
"We can scarcely hope to elect
Gresham," said a labor unionist, "but he
may become to labor what Fremont was
to the Republican party the man who
blazed that path through the wilder
ness." A member of the Omaha Typograph
ical Union said : "A more radical Re
publican than I am does not live, but I
cannot go for Raid. It was an insult to
union labor and a direct slap to the
nnion which guarantees me a livelihood
and a decent burial. I am one of a great
many in Omaha who will not vote for
Reid ; but we will vote for Gresham."
la tola Country to Look After Faiuoue
Fugltivea from Jaatloe.
New York, June 29 Inspector Fred
Jarvis, one of the shrewdest of the Scot
land Yard detectives, is in this city,
presumably on important business for
the British police authorities. He ar
rived on the Cunarder Umbria on Sat
utday, and on Monday he called on
Yesterday he was closeted for a long
time with Chief Inspector Steers, De
tective Sergeants McCloskey and Crow
ley being specially assigned to assist
Inspector Jarvis in whatever mission
brought him to this country.
I.. .. Anrw .t.ni r..
spector Jarvis was here simply on a
visit to his tattier-in-law, wno is a wen
known resident of Yonkers. Neither
Byrnes or Inspector Steers would dis
cuss the nature of the business which
Jarvis is doing here.
It was learned, however, that In
spector Jarvis has been sent here to
trace the career in tins country ol
Thomas Neill. aliaa Cream, who is un
der arrest in London for the poisoning
of two young women with strychnine,
and who is also charged with having at
tempted to blackmail several notable
persons, among them the son of William
Henry Smith, the English cabinet min
ister, by charging them with having
poisoned the girls. Neill was at one
time a resident of Saratoga, N. Y.
Another part of the mission of Jarvi9
is said to be looking after the move
ments of William Henry Hurlburt, the
litterateur, formerly a resident of this
city, subsequently of London and at
present believed to be in Mexico with
his wife. He is a fugitive from justice
and a warrant is out lor his arrest for
perjury alleged to have been committed
in the matter of the famous Wilfred
Claik u W II be Tagueil On o Hie Ta 1
Washington, D. C, June 29 It is un
derstood that Chairman Campbell in
whom the national Republican commit
tee veated the appointment oi the exec
utive committee, will announce the
names of the members thia week. It
will consist of nine members, four of
them, Chairman Campbell, Vice-Chairman
DeYoung, Secretary Carter and
Treasurer Bliss, being ex-ollicio mem
bers. For the other places the names
of Samuel Fesseuden, of Connecticut,
Joseph 11. Manley, of Maine, Garret A.
Hobart, of New Jersey, and James S.
Clarkson, of Iowa, are mentioned. This
committee will be known as the cam
paign, and while it will have full control
of the conduct of the campaign its pow
ers will end with the election. In this
it differs from any previous executive
lie Btepa Into Blalue'a Suue anil W 11
It ii Hie Slate Department.
Washington, D. C, June 29 Secre
tary Tracy aaya there is nothing in the
story that he is to be made secretary of
state and ex-Governor Cheney, of New
Hampshire, secretary of the navy.
Washington, D. C, June 29 The
President has sent the name of John W.
Foster, of Indiana, to the senate to be
secretary of state.
Washington, D. C, June 29 Tne
senate in executive session has con
firmed the nomination of Foster aa sec
retary of atate.
John W. Foater was born in Pike
county, Indiana, March 2, 1830. Grad
uated at the Indiana university in 1855.
After a year at the Harvard law school
he waa admitted to the bar and began
practice at Evansville. He entered the
national service in 1801 as major ot the
Twenty-fifth Indiana Infantry and waa
later appointed colonel ol the Thir
teenth Indiana. He was sent as United
States minister to Mexico by Grant in
1873, re-appointed by Hayes in 188(1.
In March, 1880, he was transferred to
Russia and held that mission until No
vember, 1881, when he resigned. Pres
ident Arthur appointed him Minister to
Spain. He served from February) 1883,
to March, 1885, when he resigned and
returned to the United States, having
negotiated an important commercial
treaty with Spain.
Had to Give
tlia Money all
Oakland, Cal., June 29 In the case
of Mrs. Marv Martin charged with de
frauding a Miss Leonard out of $14, X)0
tne jury touay returned a verdict of
guilty. The case has attracted much
attention. Mias Leonard, a young lady
from New York, claiming that tin.
Martin had obtained Buch a control over
her will that she was virtually compelled
to do as she chose. The testimony was
of a most sensational character and in
dicated a deliberate plan to swindle.
That's Ilia Way Mo luillle Hlauda In the
San Francisco, June 29 In sporting
circles the great topic now discussed is
the McAulitfe-Goddard fight which will
take place tomorrow evening under the
auspices of the California Athletic club.
The fighters have trained hard and as
Jar as condition is concerned, neither
will have an excuse for detent Mc
Auliffe will enter the ring at about 215
pounds, and his opponent, "The Barrier
Champion," will toe the scratch at 190
pounds, Ihe betting wnen the match
waa made favored the Austrian, but as
the day came nearer MeAuhffe stock
gradually ascended until it reached even
money. Within the paat week "home
money" became more plentiful, and aa
a reault Goddard's end took a tumble,
and now the books call for $100 on Mc
Auliffe as against $90 on the Australian.
Finishing Eli Long Walk.
Pokt Jkrvis, N. Y., June 27 Major
Edward Stone, who is walk ng on a
wager that he will walk from San Fran
cisco to New York in 134 days, reached
this town Saturday night. He expects
to be in New York on Tues lay evening,
when he will have covered 3,324 miles.
He left San Francisco February 13th
and haa been on the road 124 days. He
has worn out ten pairs of shoes on hia
Superintendent Wilder Dead.
Oshkosh, Wis., June 29 James Wil
der died suddenly last evening at his
home in West Aigoina, of dropsy, aged
63 years. He waa superintendent of the
United States Railway mail business
west of the Rocky Mountains.
Fielding is a Democrat.
Chaelottk, N. C, June 29 While the
twin sons of Fielding Knott, of Granville
county, aged 4 years and named Grover
Cleveland Knott and Allen G. Tburman
Knott, were yesterday chasing each
other around their father's k tchen,
Grover fell into a pot of boiling veget
ables placed on the floor by the cook,
and was so severely scalded that he died
THE BLACK DEATH.
TO THE FAMINE DISTRICTS.
ia Ruaalan Government le Taklng
Kvery Precaution to Prevent the
Spread of tha Epidemic Auetrla mil
St. Petersbi'bq, June 29 The doctors
sent by the government have arrived at
Baku to aid in combatting tne ravages
of cholera. The Russian flotilla in the
. Caspian sea has been ordered to watch
an anina leavin? r-ersian Dorta. ine
quarantine stations in the Trana-Cas
pian territory have been increased in
numbera and a week has been added to
the quarantine. Imports of food are
subjected to strict medical examination.
Everything known to medical science
will be done to stamp out the scourge,
In Dzisak, Turkestan, 130 died in four
days. The epidemic prevails in a more
virulent form at Waahka, in the Trans
Caspian territory. Brandy, BUgar and
tea are daily distributed to the troops.
The bars that the disease would invade
Euroueau Russia have been realized.
and already several hundred cases are
reported this side of the frontier. The
i uhabitants and troops along the frontier
are panic stricken. The wealthy classes
are seeking safety in night. It is re
ported cholera has appeared at Tsar its in,
on the Volga.
If true, the scourge is almost certain
to ravage the famine-stricken provinces.
Officers have been dispatched to Ta.irit
sin and Tifiia with full author ty to
adopt all measures to arrest the spread
of cholera through the railway traffic.
The scourge is abating 'at Meshed. The
official reports say there were 374 deaths
out of 512 attacked during the month of
June over a wide area. This is not
alarming especially in view of the rate
Vienna, June 29 Germany and Aus
tria are acting in concert to prevent the
entrance of cholera. Professor Drasche,
of the Vienna sanitary board, who has
been studying cholera for thirty years,
thinks it improbable that the disease
will spread beyond Russia, even if it
gets a foothold there. He says in other
countries a bad sanitary Bystem like
th.U which obtains in l.ussia, has be
come a thing of the past.
a id See-.
eu n-y I vaula Villi
nl Fnlallttee lienor ed
Philadelphia, Pa., June 28 A ter
rific storm passed over Eastern Penn
sylvania last night and in many sections
it assumed the proportions of a cloud
In Reading the streets were flooded,
several houses were struck by lightning
and a number of persona were more or
In Cheater county the Btorm waa the
worst in 20 years. Houses in all parts
of the county were unroofed, many were
struck by lightning and at least a score
of head of live stock were killed.
At Crum Linn, a car of a train on the
P. W. & W. was struck by lightning
while in motion, tne baggage master,
William Lewis, of Chester, being ren
dered unconscious and will probably
die. A newsboy, the only other occu
pant of the car, was knocked down, but
he will recover.
From reports received from all over
the eastern part of the State, it looks
as though the damage to crops will be
There is a rumor that half a dozen
lives have been lost near Hamburg,
Brooks county, but it cannot be verified.
Fred K. Howard of Filth and Cork
streets, Philadelphia, and Miss Emma
Lewis, of 3,744 Haverford street, were
out boating opposite Lancaster when
the storm raged. Their boat was cap
sized. Howard helped the girl to get
bold of the upturned boat, and then
sank back exhausted and was drowned.
Miss Lewis waa saved.
At Chester the streets and cellars
wore flooded and a circus tent was blown
down. Thia caused a panic and half a
dozen people were hurt.
Religion Drives a Qirl to Suioide.
Vancoiivkr, B. C, June 28 On Sun
day night a young lady very neatly
dressed in black and wearing a pretty
light colored bonnet, came to Mount
Pleasant Hill, and after standing. on the
bridge over False creek until no one else
waa near, deliberately stepped under
the rail and dropped into the water.
Until late last evening her identity was
unknown. Then it was discovered that
Edith Edgar had been missing since
Sunday night and that the description
of the figure and clothes of the suicide
tally with hers.' She was somewhat of
a religious enthusiast and that is blamed
for the desire for her death. All at
tempts to find her body were in vain,
and it is thought it has been c rried
away by the tide.
An Kxpreee Thief Miaaea tba Train and
la C i iig-lit
Denneb, Colo., June 27 The arrest of
E. J. Ryan, who is wanted in Wash
ington, D. C, where he robbed the
United Statie Express Company of
$50,000 last Tuesday night, was a clever
piece of work on the part of Chief De
tective bam Howe, who seized Jtvan as
he stepped from the Rio Grande train.
When arrested he had on his person
$3,250, and he states that $41,000 is on
deposit in Pittsburg. After committing
thecrimeRyan went to Pittsburg where
he placed $41,000 in the Safe Deposit &
Trust C'o.'s vault. The next heard of him
was at Kansas City wb .'re he boarded the
Missouri Pacific train, for Denver. His
peculiar actions attracted the attention
of the Pullman conductor who judged
Ryan to be a spotter. Once when he
opened his va iae, the conductor noticed
a large roil of currency with the express
company's wrappers. At Pueblo Ryan
got off the tram and failed to get on as
it left. His traveling cap and grip
were left in the seat. This was
at 9 o'clock in the morning. The con
ductor took the Batchel and cap to the
Pullman office in the Denver Union De
pot and went to Detective Howe'i office
where he told his story. The detective
knew at once that it as the man he
had hoped but hardiy expected to meet.
He went at once to the depot and
watched all trains from Pueblo. At 7:30
o'clock tonight his man lelt the Rio
Grande train and went to the Pullman
office, got bis grip and started up town.
At this point he wag intercepted and at
police headquarters he admitted his
guilt aud told where the money might
Iowa Bepub iomiia.
Deb Moines, la., June 29 Republican
State convention assembles to nominate
candidates ior secretary of state, auditor
and railroad commissioner. Many dele
gates are oppoatd to reference to prohib
ition in the platform.
Tba Policy la Advocated by the Colo-
nice Ir England.
Lonoon. June 29 Among the impor
tant resolutions to be discussed by the
Chambers of Commerce congress ia the
following: The Winnipeg (Manitoba)
Board oi Trade will move that it is the
opinion of this congress that the time
has come or is close at hand when the
people of Great Britain can with confi
dence look to the colonies and depen
dencies of the empire for that portion of I
their breadatuna which they nnd it is
necessary to import from year to year.
The rapid development oi the grain pro
duction of Canada, India and Australia,
during the past ten years clearly indi
cates that these countries will soon
have annually an export surplus of grain
in excess of the annual import demand
of the British and it will be altogether
unnecessary for the latter to look for
supplies to foreign countries, especially
those whose tariff is so framed aa to
strike specially at the trade interesta of
Great Britain and the British colonies.
That tins congress sees the best
method of securing this end by the sys
tem in the mother country of tariff dis
crimination against the grain and other
food products of foreign nations and in
favor of the import of such goods from
the colonies and dependencies and sim
ilar discrimination by the colonies and
dependencies in connection with the
tariff on other goods required lo be im
ported by them. That this congress
favors such movement, and believes its
enforcement would serve as a check
upon the national selfishness which at
the present time seems to inspire many
nations in framing their tariff laws, that
its enforcement would prove a commer
cial counter irritant, which would, in a
comparatively few years, practically
force the great nations oi the world into
a much freer system of trade iuterc jurse
than now exists between them.
Similar resolutions, favoring a tariff
retaliation againat the United States
were presented by the chain oers of com
merce of Montreal, Toronto and Regina
N. W. T. The Clumber of Commerce,
of Trinadad, British Weft Indies, de
clares the McKinley law favorable to the
East Indies, and says the general feel
ing is that every reasonable effort be
made to retain the United States mar
ket as the best yet found lor the princi
pal Btaple sugar.
A delegate oi the Regina Board of
Trade will offer the following: Re
solved, that the Board of Trade of Re.
na, N. VV. T., would heartily favor the
extension of commerce and trade upon
a preferential basis throughout all parts
of the British empire, and it would be
of higheat collective and individual ad
vantage. Further, that the provisions
of any foreign treaty imposing limita
tions upon the full development, of trade
between Canada and other parts of the
British empire should be ut onoe abro
gated. In advocating the above, we
wish it understood while we desire free
trade with the British empire we have
no desire to interiere now or at any
time with the fiscal or political liberty
at present enjoyed by self-governing
colonies, and we believe if such scheme
could be carried out in the near future
it would be a just retaliation to the
United States for the recent legislation
effecting trade retaliations on Great
Britain and Canada with the United
Lobster Industry Destroyed.
St. Johns, June 29 The lobater fac
tory of James Houlahan, at Derry Head
Cave, Bonn bay, on the coast, haa been
raided by the British warship Buzzard.
The boiler and boats were removed and
the factory woodpile burned. The war
ship then suddenly left. The lobster
business at that point is now destroyed.
A disastrous forest fire is raging in the
districts about Renews and Bay Bull.
Two families at the former place have
been rendered homeless by the fire.
Dropped Too Far.
Fort Smith, Ark., June 28 John E.
Thornton was hanged in the United
States jail for the murder at Kreigs, I.
T., of his daughter, Laura Mornie, in a
tit of drunkenness. He made a confes
sion on the scaffold. The head was al
most torn from the body bv the fall, the
arteries were broken, and blood spurted
out forming a sickening spectacle.
Itepubllc ina at Work lu Inillaua and
Fokt Wayne, June 28 The opposition
to Chase tried to delay organization,
claiming that there was a large number
of delegates present who con d not be
seated, but Chairman Gowdy claimed
that organization was the first thing in
order, and announced Hon. C. W. Fair
banks as temporary chairman. On tak
ing the chair, Fairbanks delivered a tell
ing speech dealing with protection and
reciprocity and the united party in In
diana. Recess was then taken till 1 p.
On reassembling the platform was
adopted. The platform indorses tiie
Minneapolis platform; eulogizes Harri
son's administration; com mends the
ticket; denounces the Democratic party
of the State for gerrymander of the con
gressional and legislative districts; for
running the State into debt, unneces
sarily increasing taxation, and for par
tisan, cruel, iicompent management;
favora the law compelling the use of
safety car couplers on all railroaJs ; in
dorses all pension legislation of congress
recommends the establishment of a
State soldiers' home in connec
tion wi h the State department
G. A. R. where all ex-soldiers,
their wives, and widows may be cared
for to the end that the veterans and
their wives need not be separated in
their declining years. The platform
also pays a tribute to the memory ol the
late Alvin P. llovey, and extends sym
pathy to Blaine and his family in their
Chase was then put in nomination for
Governor and several seconding speeches
Chase waa nominated on the first
WILL FIOHT PKETTV BOON.
New Yokk, June 28 The legal battle
which the Republicans of this state pur
pose to wage against the re-apportionment
bill passed by the Democratic
legislature began to take a definite form
of action yesterday.
The committee from the Republican
club called upon Senator Hiscock, and
he and the committee went over the
whole legal aspect of the case. His
cock says action will be brought inside
of three weeks.
HL'bTED JOINS CLARKSON.
New Yokk, June 28 The Republican
State committee has re-elected W. A.
Brook field, chairman, and Chas. W.
Haketto Utica, chairman of the execu
tive committee, in place of Gen. James
Rochester, N. Y., June 28 The an
nual convention of the Republican State
league op ned this morning with a large
attendance. There were speeches of
welcome by the mayor and response!.
A letter from President Harrison was
read regretting his inability to
attend, and urging the leagues to re
newed exertions. President McAlpine
delivered the annual address, predict
ing the brightest prospect for Republi
can success. Recess was then taken.
WINNERS OF BREAD.
How Some Women
Toil in Sweuen.
THEY OFTEN CARRY THE HOD
rhey Carre Wood, M tka L. ioi, Act aa
Barber and lru;a-i4ta, and Work lu
Telephone Oltioea, But Hare not Vet
Leai-nail In He Typewritera.
Cecite Ooh'l in Curlstian Union. 1
llod-carriera of the weaker sex stand
at the bottom of the social ladder in
Sweden. These sturdy women cairy
loads of bricks on scaffoldings.
One Swedish woman owns a number
of apartment houses and a palatial resi
dence. She frankly acknowledges that
she started her career as a hod-carrier,
and made her fortune by prudent in
vestment of savings and successful spec
ulation in real estate. She prides her
self on having become wealthy by her
own enort, and her children take pleas
ure in spending the money by united
Another kind of open-air business is
pursued by the market women (torg-
gummor). Summer and winter, rain or
shine, you see them at their post, keep
ing their feet dry in a tub. No sem
blance of the human form divine could
lie detected in the huge bundle of
shawls emerging from the tub. "Torg
gumman" is a shrewd business woman,
endowed with a kindly disposition and
a lair share of mother wit. But should
a customer haggle or criticize her stock
of gingerbread, molasses loaves, apples,
nuts, horseradish and crude candy she
will hurl such a shower of abusive epi
thets after the offender as would grieve
the recording angel. More than one
market woman has been found out de
fraying a gifted boy's college course by
a life of the hardest work and constant
self-denial, exnectinz no reward bevond
tlm mul ivalinn nf har iila.il ilrniim tn ana
her boy one day in a pulpit of the State
Church preaching the Word of God.
Washerwomen and scrubbing-women
constitute the army of professional
kneelers in the service of cleanliness,
which is aaid to rank next to godliness.
These workers of the glib tongues and
crimson arms may be seen any clay
kneeling on floating bridges, and be
laboring clothes with a wooden imple
ment, reminding of a cricket bat. In
winter, when lakes and canals are frozen
the kneelers have a hole cut in the ice,
and, nothing daunted, they rime their
garments out-of-doors, regardless of tem
perature. The professional scrubbing-wonian
pays weekly visits to homes without
carpets. Her appearance, which ladies
accept as a necessary evil, interfere
with a man's home comfort, and pro
duces on him the same effect as a red
rag on a turkey gobbler.
Sweden manufactures aud exports
safety matches, and crowds of women
are employed in this business, which in
jures their health in some departments.
Quite numerous are women carvers,
plying chisels and grooving tools on
wooden panels or household articles,
workng out geometric designs or Scan
dinavian runic coils in low relief. In
the famous Swedish slojd work, com
prising cabinet making, turning and
carving, women prove themselves fully
as skilled as men.
Then there are the lace makers, pur
suing the industry founded by Saint
Birgitta in the convent of Vadstena more
than five hundred years ago. Busy
bobbins by the scores rattle to and iro
on the lace pillows. Patient is the
women's labor, dainty the work, long
the hours but pitifully snni.l the re
muneration. Women hair-dressers and barbers are
by no mean scarce. The latter crop
many a Samson's lion mane; they lather
and scrape men's bearded faces with no
more ado than if they were passing an
article through the various processes ol
Cooking has forever been conceded to
woman as being her distinctive sphere.
In Sweden the fine art of plain cooking
holds a high standard of excellence.
The person in charge of meals on board
an English steamer is always a woman,
who controls a stall of neat waitresses.
It takes no small amount of business
capacity and professional skill to run
such a department to general satisfac
tion in crowded quarters.
At railroad stations where trains stop
for refreshments women jrovide trav
elers with warm, well-cooked, well
served dinners in four courses soup,
fish, roast, dessert at the fixed price of
one krona (twenty-eight cents), without
extra charge lor the Bide-table dainties
(ainorgasbord). where travelers partake
of a preliminary meal.
When a Swedish hostess prepares for
a party at her house, ehe may order ice
cream and dessert from the confection
er's, but she generally depends for the
solid diBhea on an expert female cook
(kokfru), who fills engagementa fur
private spreads. VVhon the menu ia
settled and provisions marketed, the ex
pert arrives and has full sway of the
kitchen, enlisting the services of the
regular cook, who is eager to learn the
higher mysteries of the profession. Be
tween the two female powers the spread
will be made an exhibition of master
pieces of culinary art.
In country communities the trained
and licensed midwife takes entire
charge of normal confinements; only in
alarming cases they call in a doctor.
The quaint old Swedish expression calls
tier jordegumma" the old woman of
the earth, who ushers the little child
into this earthly existence.
As for trained hospital nurses and
Sisters of the Red Cross, they rank de
servedly high among the noblest busi
ness women of Sweilen.
Patronized by the peasantry in out-of-the-way
places, we find the "wise old
woman," klok gumma, still held in high
esteem. She is an unlearned botanist
and druggist, cures minor ailments with
herb teas and poultices, and often or
forms Bimple surgical operations.
The iateBt departure in woman's w.irk
is the opening of the druggist's trade to
any woman who will lake a thorough
course of pharmacy and successfully
pass the State examinations.
In telegraph and post offices under
government control many women fill
subordinate positions without great re
sponsibility. Their wages are far below
those of ttie male employes, who alone
have the stimulating prospect of ad
vancement, with increase in salary and
a pension in old age.
The telephone stock companies em
ploy a goodly young staff of women
workers, recruited anew when their
ranks are thinned by marriage.
The day of typewriters and steno
graphers in the city offices has not vet
dawned in Sweden, where business nev
er is so rushing as not to give time for
correspondence in handwriting. Many
ladies who write neatly and legibly
make their living by copying legal pa
pers for the courts of justice, or fill posi
tions as clerks in banks and insurance
There are women compositors and
bookbinders. The irrepressible female
book agent, however, does not yet ex
ist in Sweden, and her style of work
would nnd no sympathy in shrinking
A school of horticulture has quite
lately been opened with a view to pre
pare women gardeners and florists to
coax forth blossoms under the very nose
ot grim Boreas in the subdued Northern
Swedish school teachers and govern
esses by the thousands work faithfully
at an averse yearly salary of $200, and
a poor "school-marm" has to pay rev
enue taxes to government and commu
nity on her pittance ol a salary. Women
have recently been elected as trustees of
school boards in the city of Stockholm.
The Swedish universities, Upaalaand
Lund, opened their portals to women
over 15 years ago, and have sent forth
many a doctor ot medicine or pnuosopny
ol the gentler sex. So long as the pulpit
and the bar are closed to women they
find it unpractical to study theology and
law as mere accomplishments.
The "Central Institute" of Stockholm,
where anatomv and Ling's 80-called
"Swedish movements" are taught, ad
mits women as well aa male students.
Lady graduates of thia famous institu
tion practice their prolession in various
cities ol the Union.
Lady artists in Sweden need not be
ashamed of their work, and many young
girls earn their daily bread by decora
tive art work ot exquisite execution.
Swedisli musicians and singers of Jenny
Lind's sex abound in Sweden, and well
trained lady quartettes go forth to de-
ngnt loreign audienceB with Swedish
There are able ladv teachers ol vocal
and instrumental music, lady organists
ami cnoir leaders, in uillerent parts of
This winter a bill was introduced in
the Legislature asking permission for
women to hold office as sextons of the
Women lecturers are few and far be
tween ; chiefly on Salvation army and
temperance platforms. Swedish women
seem aa yet tongue-tied in public, and
seldom puBsess the gift oi gab even in
private ; and Swedish men, who are
poor public speakers themselves, hold,
in their conservatism, with St. Paut in
his enjoir.uient that women should keep
their peace in the assembly.
The dramatic stage prides itself justly
on having actresses of unquestionable
merit and blameleBS character, and the
medal i'ro Uteris et Artibus has been
awarded to Swedisli ladv tragedians.
If women journrlists are still in the
minority among contributors to the
daily press which, by-the-by, devotes
no column to the specia interests of
women, as American papers are' known
to do Swedish women have come to the
front in literature, holding their own aa
magazine writers, poets, novelisls, and
playwrights; and literary talent in
woman commands respect and admira
tion in the far north.
In this department pioneer's work was
done by Miss Fredrika Bremer, the
little, warm-hearted, quaint spinster.
whom Hawthorne liked to a benevolent
fairy godmother of the French tales.
She labored to her dying day for the
evolution of Swedish womanhood, show
in, in her unassuming way, by the
power of her example, that a woman
may develop and use her mental gifts
without losing any of the true womanly
qualities whose beauty outlasts the rav
ages of time.
t'lia Y.iung rluuan-l Will Mle an -the
Keault ef the Hncouuler.
San Antonio, Tex., June 29 Alpine is
small town 100 miles east of here.
Yesterday morning Jordan Bennett
and John Good exchanged shots. Ben
nett was shot through the body and
Good through the hip. Bennett was
taken to the hospital and wi I die.
Good was carried to jail and will recover.
The circumstances are these: Bennett
and .Miss Josie Darling, a beautiful girl,
came here yesterday and wanted a mar
riage license. It was refused on account
of the youth of the bride. The couple
had recourse to the clerk of an adjoining
county, got the license, and returned
here, aud were married in the after
noon. (iood is a friend of the Darling family,
lie met the couple as they came out of
the hotel yesterday morning, and re-
marketl "Well, .losie, you have got a
man at last." The bridegroom reached
lor his hip pocket, and Good, who is an
old timer, reached for his boot. But
one shot wub exchanged.
Good is quito elderly, but is said to
have been an ardent suitor of the girl.
I he wife threw herself upon the pros
trated body of her husband and wi.eu
torn from him was covered with blood.
Ui-aMielon In tile Itiinka ut I'eiinayl
Tiinla lteiu til lounlaiii.
PiTTsiit'iid, Pa., June 30 The general
agreement entered into between Senator
Quay and Chris Magee has been broken
and the battle for supremacy in the Re
publican parly of the State, of which
the defeat of Dolamater lor governor in
1890 was an incident, wi'.l be taken up
The two leaders have been drifting
apart for some time. Ihe positive at
titude of each against the other at Min
neapolis strained the bonds to the
breaking point. Senator Quay's per
sistent opposition to the confirmation of
George W. Miller for internal revenue
collector for the Twenty-second district
is expected to be the last straw.
M.igee'a paper, the Pittsburg Times,
this morning printed a Washington dis
putch, in which these words were used:
"It is asserted that should Mr. Quay
attemp , by his opposition to Mr. M.l-
ler s confirmation, to continue the as
sumption of a right in the political
affairs of the State in which he haa in
recent yours received a severe rebuke,
he may expect to receive a reprimand
direct, instead of through this man, as
in the gubernatorial election of 1890."
This is construed th t Ma-ee will
take oil his out to prevent the return
ol Quay to the United States senate.
11 r; WAS lllilXK
And I'ulleil a Italia on tlie 1'ollcainan
New lle'a lead.
San Francisco, June 29 Robert Kir
lin, a young plasterer, was shot and
killed this morning by Police Officer Ed
ward J. Thompson. Kirlin resisted when
the officer placed him under arrest for
drunkenness and attemited to stab the
policeman with an immense bowie
knife. He was shot just over the heart
aud died half an hour later.
Charleston, S. C, June 28 A con
vention of the Confederate veterans oi
the State has been called to meet in
Columbia on July 19th, for the purjiose
of effecting an organization similar to
the Grand Army ol the Republic. Ex
benator Wade Hampton will preside.
Will Terminate the Contraot.
St. Loi ib, June 28 The Western
Associated Press haa given notice to
New York Associated Press of its inten
tion to terminate their contract now
existing between them.
NOW THEY'LL FIGHT.
Bismark and William
William Haa Ordered the Mlnlater of
Juatloe to lureatigate the Utterances
of BLuiark and tba Papara Propti
eiy tkat He'll be Knooked Out.
Berlin, June 29 Public feeliuz haa
been aroused in an almost unprecedent
ed degree by the report that the Kaiser
lias directed the minister oi imperial
justice to make inquiry regarding the
recent reported interview with Prince
Bismarck with a view to prosecute the
ex-chancellor. The Tagblatt says :
The die is cast. Prince Bismark haa
attained the object for which he has
Btriven during the last two years and
has forced the government to take up
the gauntlet he has so often thrown at
its feet. With the full weightof his his
torical name he exposes chancellor to
the eyes of foreign nations and discred
its him by means of reckless utterances.
All patriots will regard the procedure
with aching hearta. Chancellor Von
Capri vi's question whether Uisinark's
conduct is patriotic will be answered by
a majority of the nation with a nega
tive. Vissische Zeitung says: A single
false step on the part of the government
in the contest now openly embarked
upon may lead to a tragedy. No matter
what the opinion alwut Bismarck may
be, it will not be a Bismarck tragedy.
We merely hope the government will
not execute its threat to take action
against the crettor of German union.
National Zeituug, hopes the patriot
Ism ol Prince Bismarck will lead him to
put an end to the painful spectacle of his
attack on the government. It attributes
his bitter words to disappointment at
the refusal of the Austrian kaiser to
grant him an audience.
Mary Helped Her Get Her Dlvoroe autl
Than She Hobbed Mary.
St. Paul, June 30 Mrs. Cornelia
Thomas, a dressmaker, brought suit for
divorce early in June against her hus
band. Her sister, Mrs. Mary D. Phil
lips, of Seattle, Wash., gave teatimony
that assisted in getting the divorce.
Mrs. Phillips had just completed tlm
sale of some Seattle real estate, and on
making the journey to St. Paul had put
$2,400 ol the money in the lining of her
dress. After the trial ended and Mrs.
Phillips started home she was sleeping
soundly in her berth when the train
reached Tacoma. During her sleep she
dreamed that she Baw Cornelia take
$1,000 of the $2,400 from the lining of
her dress. Un awakening she made an
examination and found that amount
gone. Mrs. Phillips stepped off the
train at Seattle and took the next train
back to St. Paul. She arrived on
Monday aud went at once to the office
of County Attorney O'Brien. The
attorney procured a search warrant and
another warrant lor the arrest of Cor
nelia. The papers were placed in the
hands of Lieutenant Murphy, and yes
terday the lieutenant, in company with
Detective Duly and Mrs. Phillips, pro
ceeded to the residence of Mrs. Thomas.
Murphy read the search warrant to
Cornelia and asked her to hand over the
$1,000. She denied the charge emphat
ically, but search was instituted and a
portioii of the money was found. Cor
nelia will be given a hearing Thursday.
Nil Vegetation ami All Annual Llle
San Antonio, June 30 A letter from
La Salle county, 80 miles southwest of
San Antonio ou the Arkansas Interna
tional aud Great Northern railway, gives
a picture of the drought and desolation
in that section.
In three years it has not rained a
drop. The prairies, once carpeted with
rich grasses, are as bare aa a billiard
table. The streams have gone dry.
There ia no water anywhere. For any
distance as far as the eye can reach
there is not a spot of green.
The sun, reflected from the white
earth, makes the glare and heat almost
unbearable. Deer, turkeys and other
wild game have lelt. Even the familiar
jack-rubbit has disappeared. All the
cattle and sheep have been sold and
shipped into other Slates.
Many of the Mexicans are cowboys or
soldiers. They have no means of sub
sistence and some of them have tried to
farm it, but the seed sown two years ago
remains unsprouted in the ground.
From LaSalle county alone 72,000
head of sheep have been removed. The
citizens today appealed to Governor
Hogg to furnish the starving Mexicans
transportation to cotton districts where
they may find work. An earnest call
for food has been issued.
London, June 30 The second ballot
on the amendment of Sir Charles Tup
per, Canadian high commissioner, to
the lesolution by Medley to the congress
of chambers of commerce of the empire,
resulted today in the defeat of the
amendment. During the first day's
session Medley offered a resolution de
claring that fiscal union between Great
Britain and the colonies by preferential
duties, based upon protection, would be
politically dangerous and commercially
disastrous, and that the arrangement
that would best conduce to intimate
commercial union would be for self gov
erning colonies to adopt, as closely as
circumstances would permit, the non
piotective policy of Great Britain. Sir
Charles Tuppor's proposed amendment
declared that a small differential duty
,-hould be adopted by Great Britain and
the colonies against foreign imports.
When the amendment came up yester
day it was defeated 71) to 34. Sir Charles
challenged the vote and a second ballot
was taken this morning, the amend
ment again being defeated 33 to 55.
Home Wrecker bhot Dead.
Dknison, Tex., June 29 E. W. Har
ris, editor of the Greenville Herald,
while driving with his brother this
morning, met Dr. Y. K. Yowell, late of
Greenville, on the road, with Detective
1). II. Davis. On seeing the Harris
brothers Dr. Yowell fired at them twice
and then ran. E. W. Harris took a
careful sight along his Winchester at
the flying figure and shot Dr. Yowell
dead with a bullet through the heart.
it is alleged that towell waa ruining
An Old Man Killed by Hogs.
Hi' l.uvk 4 li.ici lilrm 'U ClurL-
Stewarl, aged 92, the oldest resident in
Miami tounty, was attacked today by
hogs when walking through the barn-
train 1 iittil trill fai-l Wit tan aasislanAA
reached him the bogs were still at the