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About The Oregon scout. (Union, Union County, Or.) 188?-1918 | View Entire Issue (April 23, 1891)
ofye (Drag or? &cout
fje Oregon ufc
Is recognized as the leading
paper of Union county.
tfowMc the circulation of
any paper in the county.
Mere Will tin.- I'rca tlio 1 -oople KIUt Mnltittiin.
UNION, OKK(SOX, THURSDAY. APKIL :?, 181)1.
VOL. VI 1.
J. IV. SIIEI.TON. J. . CARROL!,.
SlIELTON . CARROLL,
Attorneys ai Law,
Special attention .dven to all business
entrusted to us.
Ofllec two dooi south of bank.
Attorney at L-iw,
Prompt attention paid to all binlne. en-
trusted t nu
Oflice cmo do r uth f
store of Stimiut'i' & I.ayne.
I. N. CROMWELl M. D.,
Ph vsician and Surgeon.
All calls promptly attended to. day or
Oflice one dour south of tla hardware
store of Summers M l.avne. liesidence on
A St., fourth houe west of Wright's store.
E. BROOKS, M. D.,
Physician & Surgeon,
ISLAND CITY, OltKOON'.
JT-Prompt attention given to all profes
sional calls, day or night.
T. McNAUGl ITON, 31. D.,
Physician & Surgeon,
-All rnlN promptly attended to. day
MRS. A. M. I'ELIIAM, 31. D.
Diseases of ' hildren a Specialty.
Can be found at the residence of 0. W,
Ames, north of town.
M. DITTEBBANDT, M. D.,
P h y s i c i a n ami Surgeon,
Oflieo at resilience, four doors south of
DR. E. N. NORTH.
Ilns the iinest ann'thi'tii' for extracting
teeth without pain known to the profession.
Will practice in al! the , ln.iiicliu.- of modem
dentistry. Silver and gold work a .specialty.
Fine sots of teeth alwas on hand. First
class work and satisfaction guaranteed.
Oflice. .Main street Union. Oregou.
Tonsorial -:- Parlors,
GEO. BAIRD, Proprietor.
Shaving, Hair-Cutting ami Shampooing in
the Latest Style of the Art.
Shop two doors nouth of tho Centennial
hotel. Oirejmc a call.
City Meat Market,
UNION, OK BOON,
BENSON BROS, Proprietors.
Beef, Pork, Veal, Mutton, Hams
KEPT CONSTANTLY ON HAND.
ED. REMILLARD, PROPRIETOR.
If you want a refreshing Drink
or good cigar, drop in.
"First-class billiard and pool table for
the accommodation of customer.-).
WILLIAM VILSON, PROPRIETOR.
Finest of ' vines, Liquors and Ci
gars Kept in Stock.
-Liquors for medicinal purpocM a
Good billiard table. Drop in and be so
ciable, LUMBER for SALE
at tho High Valley
All kind of lumber constantly on hand
or furnished on nhort notice. Price cheap
as the cheapem.
Patronage - Solicited.
MOtf W'U. WILKINHON 80N.
PKNIeiliKD HooMm Foil KKN I'. -
.Mr M.J rimiui-y rnt-r i-x-vond an i
U 6t- I'mon Oreon
"The Hunt Line"
In Connection with the
NORTHERN PACIFIC RAILR'D
Quickest and Best Route
, petwp,, Eastern Oregon and Wni&ingtoii
and Timet MounU points, as wen a
the Popular and Direct
Line to all
POINTS H ST and SOUTHEAST
l-ULLM i-'LEEMifO CARS,
SUPERLl DINING CARS, and
FREE SECOND CLASS SLEEPERS
Th rou eh to Chicago via Mil Line.
Passenger Trains of this Company are run
inir regularly between
DAYTON, WAIT8BUUG. WALLA
WALLA, WASH., ami PEN
Making clo.se connection at Hunt's.lunc
tion with Northern Pacific trains for Taco
jna, Seattle, Victoria, li. C Elltmsbttrg,
Xorth Yakima. Pasco, ttprague. Cheney.
Davenport, Spokane Palls, Uutte, Helena.
St. Paul, Minneapolis,
AND ALL POINTS EAST.
Passenger Train, making above connec
tions loaves Pendleton daily, at 7:40 p. lu.
Through Tickets Sold to all Points East
at the Lowest Rates.
V. F. WAMSLEY,
Gen'l Fr't and Puss gr Agt.
Walla Waia. Wash.
G. W. HUNT, , ,
President and Gen'l M'nager,
II. L. DEACON, Tieke it, Union, Or
'R. H. BROWN,
OILS, GLASS, PUTTY, Etc.
A Complete and Varied Stock of Wall
Paper on baud.
Proscriptions Carefully Com'iounded
Day or Night.
A full supply of school books con.
stantly on h.ind.
flie G0T8 Dmi Store
JASPER G. STEVENS. Propr.
Perfumery, Paints and Oils.
I'roHei iptions Carefully I'repnrud,
ALSO Il!Al.Klt is
IMIles, Shotguns, Pistols
Imported and Domestic Cigars,
School Hooks, Etc.
A Pine line of Qoodi Always in Block.
Cull and Examine Them.
Suits Made to Order,
Cleaning aud Repairing. '
All work warranted. 12-4-tf.
Union and orniiooj)1a .
Stage - Line !
Qutekwifc and CIuMtpext
Koufe to the Pliut Creek
Ai.r. fur.n.iii !
i ' h !
Urn IV :
U Wl '." e i
i.idii to I'urk
" " Cornurnpih
Valuable Information lie
THE MANNER OF CULTIVATION.
Maaufaetoxles Should be Cenducttd on a
Luge lcle Mst of Running
1 The Brownsvillo Times sara: Anx
' ious to obtain reliable information in
I rogiml to the Sugar Beet Industry,
! which is now ultraotiug so milch at
! ion lion throughout the Northwest, wo
wrote to Air. E. H. Dyer, of E. IT.
Dyer & t Co., Alvarndo, Cat., nud have
! received the following letter in answer,
j which we publish for the benefit of our
j readers :
! Alvabado, Cal, March 1, 1891.
! Messks. McDonauj & Cavknorii:
Gentlemen: I have vours of tho
14th inst., and in reply will say that
you can obtain any of the latest varie
ties of imported mtgur beet seed of the
Alvarado Sugar Co. for 20 and 25 cents
a pound. They have just in a large
invoice from Europe, of the best varie
ties. If you desire to order any, I will
attend to it. and select the be-?t varie
ties. In regani to your request for infor
mation n ".;ar.lin tho industry, so
much can be .-aid that I hardly know
what to attempt, to say in a letter that
will be ot much value. In regani to
the business, first, I will say, any soil
aud climate that will produce j;ood
potatoes and other root crops, will pro
duce good beets for sugar. Also, bind
that produces jiood cereal crops will
produce jxood beets, if the soil is fertile
and contains sufnoicnl moisture. A
light sandy loam or alluvial soil is the
best aud most profitable soil for the
produeliou of beets for sugar. In your
state, the land should be plowed in the
fall not less than 12 to 15 inches deep,
so as to have the benefit of the action
of frosts. In tho spring, lijiht plowing
of from 4 to G inches will do. Then
harrow and roll it. until the surface is
well pulverized. In regard to sowing
tile seed. We have seeders made for
the special purpose. Our machines
are designed for two horses, and a
man can plant ten acres a day. In
California and in Europe the drills are,
as a general rule, 15 inches apart.
The young beets are thinned out so us
to stand from 4 to fi inches in the row.
By planting closely the beets grow
small like carrots, and all underground
except a small crown. Experience
has taught the manufacturer that n
small beet, contains as much sugar as
a large one, and he has less raw mate
rial to work aud buy. Tho fanner can
get as large a crop, raised in this way
as he could if raised in the usual man
ner for stock, and at as little coat. So
by cultivating beets in a mannor to
pioduco the most sugar, is advan
tageous to both farmer and manufact
urer. The seeders should bo gauged
to deppsit the seed about inch be
neath the surface of the ground, if
deeper than that the seed is apt to lie
dormant. The first weeding and thin
ning should be done as soon as the
young beets can bo distinguished from
the weeds. After that, all that is nec
essary is to keep them free from weeds.
To manufacture sugar from beets,
economically, it is ueoeesary to con
duct the business on a large scale. I
would not recommend a factory of less
size than a daily capacity of .150 tons
of beets. The teasons for this are too
many to be explained in a letter. We
aro now engaged in constructing u fac
tory in Utah of the abovo capnoity.
To give you some idea of the cost of I
manufacturing sugar, I will give you
our estimates of the cost per pound for
making sugar in the factory now being
constructed. These estimates are
based, as you see, upon cost of mated
al iti that territory, and upon a yield
of 10 per cent refined sugar, aud the
working of 300 tons of beets a day.
The yield will probably bo 11 or 12 per
cent sugar, and we intend to work H50 j
tons of beets. But we desire to keep
within fiifi limits. I
KtOIMATKJJ lour Ol 1ft NM(. TIIK t-
li'l. i 1 NVKN1 I ol It Hot lirt, 1
." ton. t 1..1! (. $.!. ifl'Jj ,
H tons Jiuifc.ume. & ... i I
2 ton oku ( U IK
Packing mat, rial (Hi '
mxr p. r d.iv 'JNJ 1
Daily waste of bum-blush ?"
Daily repair? t!0
Dnily supplies '
DailV insurance SO
300 tons beet f 4.50 $1,350
Making the daily out-put of refined
sugar to lie G0.000 pounds at a cost of
Jig cents jHr pound. By adding to or
deducting the difference of cost f ma
terial in Oregon and Utah, you can
closely approximate to the. cost per
pound of making sugar in your state
The Utah Sugar Co., of Salt Lake
City, arc having built a first-class fac
tory, cantatuing the latent modern
improvements. The buildings ate all
of brick, and the machinery is all
made in Cleveland, Ohio, from our
plans ami drawings. Wo are agents
for the largest and best manufactory
of sugar machinery in Europe, but
found we could have the machinery
made here as cheaply as we could im
1 have tried to cover all the most im
portant points in connection with this
business, but will give you any further
information I have upon application,
U. II. Dvitit.
Orop-WeatUar, Bulletin Nu, 6.
The observer of the Oregon Weather
Ilnroau, of Portland, Oregon, has is
sued tho bulletin for the week ending
Saturday, April IS, 1SD1, the same bo
ing based upon reports received from
116 correspondents, which is as follows:
WHSTHR.V OKtiUOX WKATHRIt.
The temperature has been fiom a
normal condition in southern part to ."
degtees above the normal in northern
part, the actual temperature ranging
from 10 to 75 decrees. Showers oc
curred on several days, on the l!Uh
and 10th, thunder accompanying them.
The winds havo been light to ftesh, in
force, and variable in direction. No
frosts havo been reported. Cloudy or
partly cloudy wcathn predominated,
with warm, bright sunshine at inter
Marked growth in all vegetation,
during tho week, has been reported.
Fall wheat has had rapid growth.
Early sown spring wheat is above the
ground and growing remarkably well.
Oats aro healty, and otpial wheat in
growth. Spring seeding has been rap
idly pushod and considerable progress
has been made. Tho acreage lias been
generally largely increased. Fruit
frees are all blooming; generally some
bloom iu falling. Fruit prospects were
never bettor. Gardens are coming on,
early sown soed showing above ground.
Strawberries are in bloom, and small
berries, sizoof pea, formed on the early
varieties. Sheep shearing in progress.
Hops are being trained anil growing
i:A.sn:it.v oiikcjon wi:atiii:u.
Tho temperature has boon about
normal. A few showers fell, but. not
an average amount. The weather was
generally partly cloudy or cloudless,
with bright, warm sunshine. A few
frosts are reported, south "f the Blue
North of the Blue mountains spring
is well advanced. Tho ground is be
coming dry. Fall wheat has a remark
ably good growth. Spring grain is all
EOiv.al and moiitofit is up and growing
well. Grain prospects wore never but
ter. Fruit trees aro in full bloom, and
trees are leafing out. Borry bushes in
full lmif. Tho grass is growing well.
Farmers aro busy plowing for summer
(allow. Showers would prove benefi
cial, for the section is very dusty and
ground iu fields is caking on top.
South of the Blue mountains spring is
nut so far advanced. The temperature
is lower, but crops aro doing well, fruit
showing buds and bloom.
Sheep are iu fine condition. Shoar
ing is iu progress, but will bo in full
blast next week. Lambing has been
remarkably successful. Tho increase
will be from 00 to 100 per centum.
The rango is good and stock is goner
ally reported to be doing well.
B. S. PAGUE,
Observer, U. S. Signal Service
You can always tint! a good supply of
stationery, school book, novels, titc, at the
(MMtornce utoru. A lino lot of garden mid
rimer hmU Juit rwelvwl -l-ii-wl
.Senator IVH'er in Demand
stt Public Meetings.
THE AMERICAN PATENT SVSTEM.
Barou Fava has gone Home General But
ler made Happy 'Canadian Re
einrocny. ! W.sntsirox. April t:i, tstu.
UnrroK Orkoon Scout:
Senator IVfler is in deniiuid at pult
lic meetings here, nud he does not for
get to unpres tin principles of the far-
mors' alliance upon his hearers at ev
ery opportunity, lie mado a speech
i at a latgely attended meeting of the
( federation of labor 1 1 a is- week, that has
j attracted wide attention. He took up
! tho immigration quc.lion--a wry live
j one jtiyt now from the passage of the
I notorious contract-labor law, in Ib'tH,
of which he said: ".Many a time have
I wondered how the hand of honest old
Abe Lincoln must have shaken when
ho signed it." This law, he argued,
was tho natural sequel of the granting
of a 1,000 ,000 acres of public lands to
railroads in 18(52 and !!, ami was passed
to enablo their agents lo bring over un
der contract cheap Uuropoau laborers
to do their work. As a direct result of
agitation iu 1S02 the first, anti-alien
contract law was paod, another in
1SS5, and still another at the last ses
sion of congress. Ho then gave his
hearers some pointers about pushing
the educational work iu and out of
pcaton, and supporting men from their
Spoakiug of an interview in which
Senator Edmunds charuotem"d the
farmers' alliance niovonu tit as a fever,
Senator Pefl'cr aid : "Some people
fosfilii, I wn going to say are inclined
to belittle those things. 1 notice that
Dr. George F. Edmunds said that it
was nothing but a fever, and that the
public were alllieted periodically in this
way. But the people will not listen lo
these ancient physicians, and will not
heed antediluvian remedies." Conclud
ing, he said : "1 waul to identify my
self with you. I want you, the labor
ing men and women of the country,
to understand that you havo at least
one friend in the senate of (ho United
States, one who will not bo ashamed or
afraid to present to that dignified body
whatever you may wish."
Another distinguished alliance man,
Col. L. L. Polk, president of the na
tional farmers' alliance and indu-jtrial
union, made his first bow before a
Washington audience lasl night, at a
public mooting hold by Local Branch,
No. 1, National Citizens' Alliance. Ho
made a good impression, ami it is said
some convorts by his ablo presentation
of tho principles of his organization.
The centennial of tho American pat
ent system is being celebrated hero this
week, and tho town is full of the men
who have made fortunos out of their
own or somebody else's inventions, to
say nothing of the newspaper inventors
whom we havo with us always. The
patent ollice is beautifully decorated
inside iu honor of the occasion, aud in
the lecture room of the national mus
eum is an exhibition of many interest
ing things, including the identical
printing pross at which Benjamin
Franklin worked iu London. This
morning tho visiting inventors woro ta
ken to Mount Vornon and allowod to
jiay their devotion lo the tomb of Wash
ington, and their spare cash for feouvo
nirs sold on tho grounds, and this af
ternoon tho celebration is to close with
a military review. It has boon a Very
pleasant afi'air to those on tho inside,
so to speak, but as tickets were required
for everything the people woro really
not "in it."
Barou Fava, tho Italian minister,
has gone home, and the public lost in
terest in tho cause of his going as soon
as it was oortain that a poacoful fcottlo
mont would ovontually bo reached.
Mr, Blaine's answer to the last dispatch
from tho Italian government was road
to tho oabitiot, approved and sent oil'
by mail this week. It will not bo mado
public at this time.
Ex-lteproseutntive Crounse, of No
brnska, has boon appointed assistant
(secretary of tho treasury at tho roquost
of Soorotary Fostor, with whom ho
sen-mi in the Houno of Koprosontativos
icomo years ago.
Oon. llonj. F. Butlor was made liap
py this woek by the receipt of $270,000
of government money in payment fur
the white elephant he has had on his
hand ever since he built the big stone
house just opposite the Capitol build
inu, which the last congress very kindly
passed a bill t purchase for its own
Use at the prue uan.d.
Uncle Jerry Unk, having succeeded
in getting Germany to agree to lift its
embargo on American meats, has now
turned all of his heavy guns upi'ii
France, and he hopes to be equallly
successful with that country.
ll is believed here that Canadian
reciprocity is completely done for as
far a the present, administration is
concerned, and that no notice w ll
ever Ik sent to the Cituadin.ii go rn
metit that Mr. it.irrifon is ready 1 1
receive them and hear their pn.p. .
tions. Air. Harrison is criticised :'
having so brusqivly sent tho emi
nent Canadians buck home, when i ln y
came here to keep an engagem n
made with Mr. Blaine. "It. wnld
only have been courtesy to Imve al
lowed them to say what they eatm to
say," remarked a republican senator
last uighl, and he is by no means alone
in thinking so.
Senator Edmunds' resignation cre
ated more regret, than surprise am- ng
his party associates. .1. It. t .
A SVOAB C0SIBINATIOK.
Au Association Formed to Handle ilia
Entire Amerioau Froduat.
Heports have been current for w
days on the sugar niaiket that a com
bination had been formed between tho
whisky trust, tho sugar trust, the Ha. st
ern refiners and the wholesale Grocers'
Association to acquire eoniplote con
trol of. the sugar trade. It is known
that negotiations havo been pending
between ilio independent rolinois, su
gar trust, and wholesale dealers to han
handlo all the sugar refined in this
country and boycott tho refined sugars
ot foreign countries. So far tho deal
has resulted only in an association of
It is stated that Clans Sprockets,
E. 0. Knight, Harrison and Frar.er,
and all independent sugar refiners
havo entered into an agreotnont with
the trust to work in harmony with its
managers and produce only their pro
rata share of the entire production,
which is to bo limited to sales made in
advance by wholesale grocors. One
of tho largest sugar dealers sairi in re
ference to tho agreement:
"Tho refiners aro now making a prol
it of only 1-15 of a cent pur pound on
the sugar handled by thorn. They
are restricted to this piolit because at
J of ti cent per pound between cost re
fined and selling prico foreign beet su
gar would como into tho market in
such quantities as to prevent the plac
ing of tho product of American refiners.
Telegrams havo boon received asking
for quotations iu German boot sugar
and that article favored as it is by a
high bounty to the producer from tho
Gorman govornmout, is looming up
promptly as a inonaco to tho refining
business. There seems to bo no at
tompfto boycott it, however, but in
dividual relinors and tho trust, acting
together, will take whatovor stops they
deem necessary to provont it or any
othor foreign refined sugar from find
ing a inarkot hero."
April 12, 1801.
Sowing wheat will bo in ordor noxt
A farmers' alliance was organized at
Elgin and also at l'loasaut Hill school
liouso on tho 10th insl., by I'rof. Bork.
When tho farmer can sot tho prico on
his produce then times will-change for
tho bettor for tho farming class.
C. W. Whitolias purchased 80 aorcs
of land from John Graham on Gardner
creok. Consideration $-1,000.
Tlioro were ton horsoa exhibited at
tho liorso show Saturday. Six woro
Died, at Pino Grovo, April 10, 1891,
William Henderson, aged 20 years. Tho
cause of his doatti was from a fall from
a swing. Ho was a lino looking young
man, of moro than ordinary physical
and mental powors, and was rcspootcd
by all who know him. llo loaves many
warm frionds to mourn his loss. Tho
boroavod family havo tho sympathy of
tho entire community.
Hubsorlbo for nnd advertise In Tun Okc