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About The Oregon scout. (Union, Union County, Or.) 188?-1918 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 1, 1891)
The Oregon Scout
JONE8 & CHANCE.Y.
rincii In (Icriiiuny.
A curious system of lines obtains in
Germany. Peoplo arc fined for every
curious littlo alleged offense. An es
tlmablo lady (very near and dear to
mo) went out for a walk in the old
part of Hanover. Wandering about in
tho quaint, narrow streets sho lost her
-way, and, being unable to speak Ger
man or to find a cab, she meanderod
wildly hither and thither until at last
eho found herself in a remote suburb
quito in tho country. Seeking to make
a short cut back to tho city sho start
ed across an open Held, but was speed
ily overhauled by a nativo who implied
by Ills tones and gestures that sho was
committing a gravo offense.
To make a long and harrowing story
short, this csthnablo lady was ultimate
ly compelled to pay a flno of three
marks for trespassing (most innocently)
upon tho privato property of a subtir
bar farmer. If it wero not, however,
-for tho severity of tho trespass law
larms, orchards and meadows would
"bo ruthlessly overrun, for fences aro
what tho book sellers would call "ex
IJoys aro fined for playing games
In tho streets; to throw a snow
"ball at any person or any thing
costs thrco marks. Whistling upon tho
streets is a finablo offense ; so is drop
ping nutshells or fruit peelings upon
tho pavement. If your neighbor keeps
poultry and tho cackling disturbs you
11 complaint to tho polico results in tho
Immediato abatement of tho nuisance.
"When tho young womnn of tho family
practices upon tho piano tho windows
of tho room must bo closed in order
that tho neighborhood shall not bo pes
tered. Having hiid threo boys at school in
Germany not only am I pretty well in
formed as to tho number of finablo of
fenses, but I havo a pretty positive
theory as to how the German empire
Is enabled to boar tho cost of so large
n standing army. Tho regular flno is
threo marks; for this sum tho average
American boy can commit any ono of
thoso characteristic actions or carchvo
ncss's which in his nativo land aro con
sidered the natural prerogatives of
maseulino youth. When ono says that
Germany is tho cheapest plaeo in tho
world in which to edueato a boy either
lio does not tako tho American boys
into consideration or ho does not in
clude the Inevitable lines hi his esti
mate. Eugeno Field in Chicago News.
I.I Co 011 tho Hull.
Conductor of a Dining Car Yes, 1
get pretty tired of this sort of life. Tho
worst part about it is tho uncertainty.
"When I say good-by to my wife and
babies I never know when I shall meet
them again. I don't mean what you
think I mean death by accident.
railroad man soon gets over that. Il
has to, Tho constant fear of that sort
of tiling would mako a man crazy.
What I refer to is this: I loft Cedar
ltapids ono morning. I expectod to bo
in Chicago by 2:30 p. m. An accident
to a freight train up tho road caused us
a delay of several hours. Now, I get
a telegram telling mo to drop this din
ing ear at a certain point, and to go back
with it on tho noxt train. That sort of
thing is liable to happen on overy run
I mako for a week, mid I may not see
my family for that tlTuo or longer. A
railroad man nover knows what orders
ho is going to got. I havo got home,
that is to tho station whore my homo
Is, often, and just as I was starting to
my houso I havo received orders to
tako somobody elso's run, and had to
do it boforo I had timo to go seo my
family. Wo may not havo as hard a
timo of It as some, but don't you'got it
Into your head that wo sleep on beds
of roses and never havo anything to
worry us. Chicago Tribune
Soldero iim DetcoUru Agencies.
Itobort P. Smith, turnkoy of tho Ul
ster county, N. Y., Jail, flnda that spi
ders aro usoful In ascertaining whether
Erlsoners havo been tampering with
on window bars or not. It Is not easy
to discover tho cut of a lino saw in an
Iron bar, especially when such cut has
Loon carofully closed with blackened
broad. Even running a kuifo blade
along tho bar does not always disclose
it. Spiders weave their webs ovor these
windows, running their threads from
bar to bar. A prisoner cannot work on
a bar without breaking down tho webs.
"When tho olllcor sees the web has not
boon displaced ho considers It good
proof that the window bars havo not
been sawod. If tho web has been
brushed away ho makes a caroful ex
amination. Philadelphia ledger.
A Lriioii In Kroiioniy.
Clothing Dealer Moln front, vy you
nod buy your olodhigsofT mo?
Dudlsh Youth I always havo my
costumes made to ordor, sir,
"You go mlt uno vaslilonablo tailor,
eli? Don't you know, moln front, dat
your employor, Sir. Greatpurso, and
suany other rich merchants, and bank
ers, and brokors alvays buy dero clod
lugs ready mado, oh?"
"Yes, 1'vo hoard bo. What of It?"
"Dot Is how doy got ricli." New
Of tho twenty-threu presidents wo
havo had, Jofforson, Madison, Jac.ks.on
and Lincoln aro tho only ones whoso
names btand for btato capitals, and
Montgomery lfl tho only other historic
f American w remembered.
AMID SEAS OF ICE.
SCENES AMONG THE GLACIERS OF
THE UPPER ENGADINE.
Climbing Snow Clnil Alpine Heights Dnsl
Aviilniiclie Portimtlori of n Glacier A
Moraine How "fJlurlcr Corn" Is formed.
"Glacier Table" Moulin.
As far ns my vision extended thoro was
nothing in sight but ico and snow, mid
tho snow was exceedingly white, I assure
you. Tho driven snow you havo In towns
and plains Is a decided brown compared
with tlio dazzling snow wo saw up tlicro
at tho tops of Swiss mountains. Forovor
and forever this virgin gown lies on all
tho peaks, ns It nlso covers tho lower val
leys in whiter. It has tho soft look of a
dove's breast, It rests on rocks a thing of
beauty, and often it is very dangerous.
It falls in soft, pure flakes, clings to all
tho projections, covers rocks witli charm
ing traceries, and spreads itself Ilko a
sheet of whito satin over tho upper vales.
Hut tho touch of a passing eagle's wing,
tho light weight of a chamois, or tho
careful step of uu expert climber will do
tach it from its crest and send it down.
Then it goes sliding, rumbling along,
breaking and reforming as it fulls, over
increasing In volume and velocity, and,
pursuing Its way, becomes a devastating, j
terrible avalanche that bends and breaks
trees, gathers up earth and stones, and
rolls into the Ktigudino witli un awful
sound, spreading destruction and dismay
In its path, lliey call tneso sort of tilings
staublawincn, or dust avalanches, becauso
they consist at tho start of cold, dry,
powdery snow only, and they aro often
fur more powerful than a raging hurrl
cano. lint tho avalanches usually seen
lying in high Alpino valleys, covered with
dust, earth and stones and great trunks
of trees, aro known as gruudlawiuen or
It was a grand bight on which wo gazed.
Glaciers filled ovory valley and ravino,
mid tho ico stood up in tall ramparts
wherover tho spaco was too narrow to
hold Its rigid wavos. Glacier ico is snow
that has for a considerable time been sub
jected to enormous pressure. If you
squcozo a snowball in your hand until it
is very hard it becomes icy. So in tho
Alps, the continual tall of snow Is tho
prossuro and tho sun's heat tho warmth
which producos those seas of ico that uro
called glaciers. Thoro aro over COO of
thorn in Switzerland, and some aro coeval
with tho glacial period of this continent,
whilo others aro now in process of forma
tion. Winter Is their seuson of rest, but
witli tho spring they resume their onward
motion, duo to the combined action of
heat and gravitation. For in spito of their
uppureut immobility all Alpine glaeiors do
move constantly, although with diiTorcnt
degrees of spoed, and, hko liquid streams,
thoy curry with them debris of all sorts,
but principally tho stones that full on
their surface from tho mountains' sides.
The glacier starting in its purity from
some white unsullied peak, loses boforo
many years its spotless character. Tho
wintry frosts gathering into iron bonds
tho streams that trickle down tho inotin
tain sides expand thu water in freezing
und shatter rocks with a forco that tho
most solid cliffs cannot possibly roslst.
Thus broken fragments drop oh to tho
onco unspotted bosom of tho ico sea and
swell its burden with advancing years.
Tho debris thus brought down form what
uro called moraines. Each glacier has a
moraine on either side of it; its end is a
terminal moraine, und when two glaciers
unite their lateral moraines join and form
a medial iiioruluo. One of tho largest
medial moraines hereabout 1 saw us wo
camo down from this excursion. It is in
tho center of tho Morterutseh Glacier and
Is about fifty feet or more broad and per
haps twenty feet high in its center.
Wo wero struck by tho infinite whito
ucss of ovorything, and 1 have sinco
learned that it is owing to tho presence of
glacier corn. There is on glacier clad
mountains a neve, or finely crystallized
snow, which is never fully melted, and
this is tho prossuro that forms tho glacier
ico. Now, glacier ico is (pilto different
to that which results from freezing
water, and Is found to consist of crystals
varying in size from that of a hen s egg
to a pin's head; these particles aro known
as granules or glacier corn, and In minute
holes ulr is imprisoned. Where tho air
bubbles are ubsont thu glacier has a blue
ish tint, and is no longer that pure white
which puzzles so many persons. With
tho oldest guldo carefully leading tho
way wo walked over tho Ico sea of Diu
volezza. Before wo hud gone far on its
lovol surface I saw bowlders supported at
somo iicigiit on ico pedestals ana 1 stopped
to examine thorn. "Glacier tables," said
tho guide at tlio tail end of our proces
sion, but his remark conveyed no useful
Information. 1 soon saw that thoy re
sulted from tho presence of u block of
stone. It had fallen on tho sea, and had,
so to speak, piotoeted the Ice directly bo
ut'uth It from tho heat of tho sun. In
consequence, whilo tho glacier all round
has been dissolving ami sinking, tho Ico
under the.so bowlders has hut Blightly
melted, anil gradually u pillow is foruilug
under each rock.
"Hut tlio bowlder is not balanced evenly
on tho top," observed tho Hoston lady.
It was explained to iter that becauso tlio
sun Is able to reach thoso Ico pedestals
more freely on the south side than on l ho
north the thing naturally inclines toward
the south. As wo walked along wo
noticed a lino of sand covered mounds
about four or live feet high and culminat
ing in a sharp rldgo. Wo Hcruped oil a
littlo of tho band and earth uiul found
that u mound wus composed of ico which
looked quite black when it was uncovered.
Thu reason for the existence, of these
couos was obvious. Tho Ico protected by
the sand had remained uuineited, und tho
wind hud thinned thu drifted heap Into
a pointed shape. Suddenly wo heard a
cracking hound which wus accompanied
by a nolso like that of 11 distant explosion,
and thu guide said this announced tlio
formation of another crevasse. Presently
tho bound of fulling water, which grow
louder uud louder us wo approached, was
heard, and soon wo reached a point where
a stream dropped down a shaft In the ico
and wus lost to sight. Tho guido culled
this deep hole a iiioulln, and ho gently re
marked that u false step In Its direction
would tako a follow "own beyond ull
human aid. Agassi 'and Tyuuull both
tried to ascertain tho thickness of glaciers
bv taking boundlnes down these moullus.
The former found 110 bottom tit BOO feet1'
011 ono sou and ou another ho estimated
the thickness at 1,000 feci. Cor. Now
York Time. t
Deviation In Artillery Tiring.
When the grout gun which has thrown
ball oloveu miles happens to be aimed
aoith. a lateral deviation of 200 feet must
bo takou into account for tho difference-iu
rotating bpotnl between tho spot where It
U fired uud thu spot where the mistdlo
will trlko. Nw Yor'.i Sua.
ODDS AND ENDS.
Tlicro aro 30,000 mayors in Prance,
Two thousand two hundred trains
leave London ordinarily every twenty
The llrst locomotives to be used In
Palestine arc of American manufacture.
Silk imitation furs arc pronounced a
perfect succoss by prominent clonk and
dry goods housed.
Twice within tho year lias Jay Gould
refused o servo on a jury, and each
time has been fined 8100.
A census enumerator discovered a
family of ten children in San Francisco
who wero all elubfootod.
A Georgia farmer has bought only
fifty-five cents' worth of meat during
twenty-five yours of housekeeping.
Novelist llowells was able to set typo
with some facility when only 7 years
old. lio was brought up in a printing
A gentleman offers u lady his loft
arm, and always walks on her right
sido; it is not necessary for him to
change around every timo tlicro is a
turn in tho street.
A great number of lingo privato ho
tels aro now in process of construction
in California, and especially in San
A new stenographic machine in uso
by the Italian parliament is capable of
recording 250 words a minute, and can
bo readily manipulated by a blind per
son. Tho Rev. Shuttlewortli, vicar of the
church at Egloslmyle, Cornwall, has
married Miss Cudnioro, a well known
actress 011 the London stage, herself
tho daughter of a Cornish clergyman.
Tho Fisko position Under is about
ready for tho experimental tests at Fort
Hamilton. A complete metallic cir
cuit was found to bo a necessity in
making the electrical connection.
Some of tlio swagger men who aro
on the alort for tho very latest wrinkles
in men's furnishings are now having
their flno silk underwear woven or
mado to order.
Tho Potsdam Sporting club has just
coino in from its annual squirrel hunt.
Ono member of tho club killed 755
squirrels, another killed 005, and tho
total number of the slain was -1,500.
Evaporation is a wonderful power in
drawing tlio water from the sea. 12 very
year a layer of the entire sea fourteen
feet thick is taken up into tlio clouds.
These cool days aro the harbingers of
cooler nights, and anon the silken pa
jama will commence its period of se
questration, the night robo being onco
Tailing Only "Cat Nap."
Bouoieault was so anxious to get as
much out of life as possiblothnt during
tho last four or fivo years of his career
ho denied himself proper sleep, going
to bed at 2 and rising at C. Tho time
passed in slumber ho considered wast
ed. More rest thnn this ho did not
seem to require.
The other day I read of a man in
London who never sleeps, as we under
stand tho word. IIo is tho janitor of a
largo building to which peoplo resort at
all hours of the twenty-four. TWs
Cerberus volunteered for a double sal
ary to do tho watching day and night,
and so he does, sitting in a chair and
opening a gate every timo the bell
rings. There in nover a longer interval
than fifteen minutes, and yet ho con
trives to snatch suflleient sleep to servo
him. His health is good and his hup
piness apparently complete. Ho looks
upon himself as fortunate in having
this exacting place, which most other
peoplo would not accept at any price.
The amount of sleep is to a consid
erable degree a matter of toinperainont.
Napoleon, according to tho life of Jo
sephino recently published, was a pro
digious sleeper, taking nine hours when
he could get it. His active brain re
quired this amount of rest. On tho
other hand Hmile Littre, the author of
tho dictionary, needed only four hours.
IIo wont to bed 11 1 1 a. 111. and got up
at 8. All tho rest of tho time, except
a fow minutes at his meals, ho spent at
his desk. IIo lived to bo S5 and en
Joyed perfect health. Baltimore News.
A (11Iiii)ki of Hut I'ppur Inland.
The work of bridging tho deep chasm
between Washington Heights and One
Hundred and Fifty-fifth streot station
of tho elevated railroad goes forward
rapidly. Tho face of tho earth west
and south of tho now ball grounds
looks ius if an oarthquako had visited
the vicinity or somo gigantio subterra
nean explosion had hurled rocks and
trees In tho air and left thorn piled in
picturesque heaps against tho hillside.
Ono of tho most striking viows to be
hud anywhere on tho island is to bo
seen from the edge of the blull just oast
of Ono Hundred and Fifty-uuh street
and St, Nicholas avenuo after night
fall. Par down In tho valley below tho
lights of numberless passing craft aro
to be soon reflected from the waters of
tlio Harlem, whilo tho nolso of scores
of trains on tho Now York Central
speeding along tho farther bank of the
river, their hundreds of lights flashing
back and forth and tho bolls ringing on
tho night air and mingling witli tho
cries of tho guards ut tho elevated sta
Uon nearer tho bluff, comblno to form
a spectacle that causes tho observer to
Involuntarily wonder what would Mine.
Juinel, Aaron Burr, Alexander Ham
ilton or any of tho other residents of
tho Heights a century ago think could
they stand ou tho hill for 11 vo minute
and seo it nil. Now York Tribune
TI1E ARID LAND AREA.
RECLAIMING WASTZ REGIONS BY
MEANS OF ir.P.IGATION.
Agricultural l-'imls of Colorado Which
3lay IIo Mado Immensely Productive.
Atzec Canalt n d Irrigation Ditches.
Tlio Uu 1 11 Ilelt I'nrniprH' Testimony.
Mr. T. C. Henry, formerly of Kansas,
and now ono of tho most prominent men
In Colorado, who has been instrumental
In building sovoral largo canals iu tie.
state, in discussing this question, says
"Of tho 40.000 sqtiaro miles of tho terri
tory in this state east of tho foothills less
than il,000 sqtiaro miles aro actually and
systematically formed. It is my deliber
ate conviction that wero all tho water of
all tho streams covering theso plains ab
solutely preserved for domestic and Irri
gating purposes and applied with tho
skill and ccotiomy displayed oven in India
or Egypt, wo could Irrigate and make
fruitful every aero of this immense, urea
an area capable of supporting au agri
cultural population, urban and rural, of
3,000,000 people, and yet it would bo less
than ono-hulf as densely populated as
Belgium or the agricultural sections of
"Tlio area east of tho mountains is
practically all agricultural land, and If
peopled as densely as is Belgium, would
contain a population of moro than 8,000,
000 of peoplo. Or if provided with water
for irrigation, skillfully applied, each forty
acres would support a family of livo per
sons, aggregating a population of more
than 3.000,000, not including tho directly
dependent urban population. Ou tho
same basis, tho great San Luis valley
would sustain a population of 1,000,000;
tho San Juan country in tho southwest
nearly 1.000,000; tho Gunnison and the
Lower Grande, 750,000, and tho White, tho
Yampali and tlio almost unknown North
west, 1.000,000 more. Boforo tho closo
of another century thero will havo been
elaborated a systom of agriculture sur
passing that wonderful civilization which
Moorish power plained in tlio irrigated
valleys of Spain ten centuries ago, main
taining tho millions then populating our
grand commonwealth Thero tiro not loss
than o0, 000,000 acres of agricultural lands
in this state which only need tho applica
tion of irrigation to bo mado as valuablo
uud productive. any already cultivated."
Carrv the.so samo predictions into west
ern Nebraska and Kunsus, into Wvoniiug
and Now Mexico, Idaho, Utah und
throughout tho west, by utilizing tho
wasto waters saved in reservoirs, and tho
future greatness of the west is almost in
conceivable. These things aro possiblo.
Tlio ruins of tho Aztecs and Pueblo In
dians, and groat nations that aro only
known In tho dim past by tho desolation
of mighty cities, tell us how densely pop
ulated wero vast regions in tho west in
an almost unknown antiquity. With
theso ruins aro old canals and Irrigation
ditches, and in somo of them thero is said
to havo been used a kind of cement that
is now a lost art. Theso ruins uro found
iu arid sections whero it would havo been
impossiblo for a great population und
cities to havo thrived without vust irri
gation bcliemes. Theso great nations
havo been swept away. HowY io ouo
knows, but from tho dim borderland of
that almost hidden antiquity tlicro eomo
up facts that when first considered seem
almost like a dream. But it is history.
uud let history repeat itself. Tho public
domain will noon bo a thing of the past,
and tlio present must look to tlio future,
and if this great water question is grasped
by our statesmen us it should be, it will
lay tho foundation for still now nud
mighty common wealths.
is tho rain belt, gradually moving west
ward? This is a much disputed question.
Irrigating ditches mako moro surfaco
wuter, und henco thero is more evapora
tion. That proposition canuot bo denied,
although it must bo admitted that tho
rain does not always fall 111 tho samo lo
cality whero tho water was taken up by
evaporation. It is also claimed by somo
that treo planting does not materially in
crease tho rainfall.
In tho.lantiarv numberof Science, Ilenrv
Garnott savs: "Over 100,000 square miles
of almost, treeless prairio in Northern
Missouri, southern Minnesota and parts
of Illinois and Indiana have been reforested
since their settlement, uud furnish an ex
ample of reforesting uncquulcd elsewhere
upon tho face of tho globo, and yet tho
rainfall has not increased. On tlio other
hand, thero havo been moro acres of land
denuded of forest in tho United States
within a century than anywhere else In
tho world, yet tlicro is no evidenco of a
Professor Sargent, of Harvard collego.
says: "Tho removal of a forest from any
region will 1101, diminish tho amount of
rain fulling upon it; nor can the Increase
of forest in a slightly wooded or treeless
country Increaso its rainfall. Tho gradual
drylng'upof countrios onco fertllo, within
tho history of tho human race, but now
barren anil almost uninhabitable, must
bo traced to gradual geological changes,
of courso entirely beyond tho reach of
human control, und not to the mero de
struction of tho forest."
But tlicro uro ublo men who havo thor
oughly studied the question und whostato
thut tho rain belt is surely coming west
ward: Among tho number aro Professors
Wilber, Angbey, Snow, and ex-Governor
Furnuss, of No'braska and Kansas. Tho
observations taken at Fort Leavenworth
during a period of thirty-eight years uro
said to indicate an annual increaso in tho
rainfall of 5.21 inches; thirty years at
Fort Hiley, twenty-four ut tho Stato
Agricultural college", aud soventeen years
at tho State university, Lawreuco, Kan.,
aro said to givo figures showing an in
creaso in tho rainfall of 3.05 uud 3.00
Inches per unnnin. Tho data Is very
valuable, and seems almost Indisputable.
But there is still a stronger authority,
tho farmers themselves. hi Western
Kunsus and Nebraska und Eastern Col
orado, farmers uro now raising crops on
whut wus formerly known as tho Great
American Desert. Thoy claim tliat thero
is a grout future for that section, and
thoy rulso crops without irrigation, do
pending solely on the rainfall. And so
whilo boiuo scientists aro doubting tho
statement that tho rain belt is coming
west, furmers aro ruUlng crop3. If, iu
that section, they can ralso tho cereals
without Irrlgatlou, so much tho better,
but thero uro many millions of acres of
laud that cau never bo made productive
without Irrigation, and let us havo reser
voirs aud great winds, and from what
are now arid regions lu tho west now
empires aro iwssibilitles. Will C. Ferril
hi Kansas City Journal.
The Cuiiko of It.
First CltUeu Your wifo seems to havo
ajred greatly of lato. What is tho matter?
Second Citizen Sho got that way wait
ing for change iu ono of our big trimming
stores. Pittsburg Builotlu.
They Injected Two Loafer from n Tlic.itrf
Without Creatlnpr u Pnulc.
"There camo near being a riot at the
theatre to-night," said a gentleman
dropping into tho Chicago club the
other evening. "A man was annoying
i peoplo seated near him, and they put
! liim out The house was crowded, and
i tho row camo near creating a panic.
! Women screamed, men jumped hi and
1 tho play was temporarily stopped."
! "It's a wonth. t:i 10 v.iwi't a panic,"
replied an old ti :i first nighter who
was present. "Notliingis more danger
ous than any sort of commotion in a
, theatre. But I suppose this row was
I all caused by reason of tho freshness of
' tlio men who went to eject the dis
! turber. There's a right way and a
1 wrong way to do such things. The
I audience needn't have been alarmed tit
1 all If it had been properly done. Do
I you remember Billy Eminett?"
! "No. who was ho?"
I "Billy? Oh, ho was tho manager tit
I ono timo of the old Academy and at
j another of tho Olympic theatre. He's
! dead now, poor fellow! Well, Billy
I would have had the disturbing party
1 out of that theatre without any trouble
I whatever. In fact, ho'd have made it
rather a diversion for tho audience.
"You seo Billy had a great reverence
for women. Ho never would let n
lady stand in his house. If ho couldn't
givo her a seat ho wouldn't sell her a
ticket. He wouldn't tolerate a tough
or a masher. If one ever mado the
' slightost play in Billy's houso out he
went. No I tidy could bo insulted or
oven coarsely treated whero ho was.
"But to come to tho question of
putting a man out. I remember onco
at tho Olympic a gentleman came out
to the boxollico window and complain
ed to tho tre:tsur?r that thero wero two
men seated behind him and his wifo
who persisted in chewing tobacco and
expectorating under the scat, much to
tho damage of tho lady's dress. 'I
have asked them to stop,' tho gentle
man continued, 'but they refuso to do
" 'What's fjmt?' said Billy, who was
in tho ofllee. 'Well, they will stop, sir,
you can depend on that. They can't
stay in my theatre at all. Not a min
ute. Just wait a second.'
"Billy rushed into tho house, located
tho two loafers and eamo back to tho
door, where ho summoned his two
'bouncers.' Ono of 'em, I remember,
was a muscular fellow named Thurs
ton. IIo was tin ex-pri.o fighter and a
corker. The other was an nil round
athlete. He put them on to tho two
men and gave them their cue.
"A fow moments later tho curtain
fell on an act, and Billy, urbano and
debonair, appeared in front of it.
"'Ladies and gentlemen,' ho said, 'I
regret to inform you that there aro two
loafers sitting right over there who
havo annoyed tho lady in front of them
by expectorating tobacco upon her
dress. Now they aro going to leave
tho house. Thoy havo declined to go,
and aro going to bo put out. Keep
your seats, please, and don't bo excited.'
"As Billy finished Thurston and his
assistant, walked down tho aisle, step
pod into the row behind the two toughs,
leaned over and told them to leavo the
theatre. Both the loafers wero big,
husky brutes and they refused.
" 'We'll go if ycr can put us out,'
fhey said, and clutched tho arms of
their chairs. That was enough. Thurs
ton and tho other fellow just stooped
over, reached under tho chairs, gave
ono mighty hoavo and up camo the
whole aggregation toughs, chairs and
all tho screws pulled right loose from
tho wood. They carried tho whole lot
up tho aisle, tho toughs struggling in
vain, out tho door and shot tho two
men, chairs and all, into tho center ot
Clark street with tho force of a cata
pult. Everybody applauded and
laughed and tho show went on.
"That showed Billy Emmott's tact.
If ho had not explained to tho audience
thero would havo been danger of a freo
fight, a panio or what not. Peoplo al
ways interfere in a row they don't under
stand and a crowded theatro where
there aro women is a mighty dangerous
pluco to have one." Chicago Mail.
Several Private Secretaries.
Tho privato secretaries of Secretaries
Blaine, Proctor and Noblo aro merely
clerks, and do not have tho swing that
somo of the others have. Louis A.
Dent, who attends to tho correspond
ence of Secretary Blaine, is a young
man, a son of tho lato Gen. Josiali
Dent, of this city. For many years
Mr. Bliiino had a privato secretary
who was ono In fact. This was Mr.
Thomas H. Sherman, who was tho
right hand of Mr. Bhdno for many
years. Ho Is now consul general to
Liverpool, having been appointed to
that oflieo by President Harrison.
I.urk In Orchitis.
Tho chance of finding a bit of su
pcrbum in a bundle of tho ordinary
kind lends peculiar excitement to a
salo of these plants. Such luck first
occurred to Mr. Hath In Stovons' auc
tion rooms. IIo paid half a crown for
a very weakly fragment, brought it
round, flowered it and received a prize
for good gardening hi the shapo of 72,
cheerfully paid by Sir Trovor Lawrence
for a plant unique at that timo. Long
A Cultlvuteil Kur.
Littlo Girl (during a thunder storm)
Mamma, do thoy havo music in
"Yes, my dear."
Littlo Ghl Well, I guess Wagnor
must bo leading tho orchestra. Now
CHINA'S GREAT WALL,
A. Missionary Describes tho StructuroTh.it
AViih Hullt 1,000 Years Ago.
Tho Rev. William P. Spraguo, of
Knlgan, North China, writes as follows
to Tho Missionary Herald :
If any ono doubts tho cxistenco of
China's great wall let him come with
mo to Kalgan and see for himself tho
Identical wall built by tho first Emperor
Chin, in 2i0 B. C.
Take a steamer across tho Pacific .
Tientsin, then a native boat up tho Pol
IIo river threo days, then pack saddle
or nitilo litter live days more, through
mountains and plains to Kalgan. Be
fore you roach the city you sco a dark
lino along tho hill tops just beyond the
town, and by tho time you enter our
compound you sco tho wall stretching
away over the mountains as far tts tln
cyo can reach, both east and west, with
towers on all tho prominent elevation.
As we pay it a visit for closor inspec
tion you find it a windrow or ridge of
reddish brown porphyry rock broken,
not cut, into irregular blocks. These
aro so well fitted to each other that tho
outer surfaco is tolerably smooth and
has somewhat the appearance of crazy
It is about 10 feet broad at tho b.-e
and 15 feet high, the sides sloping to a
sharp ridge, like a stoop houso roof.
You may follow this wall eastward to
the sea and westward to tho Kanuli,
tho northwestern province, and so do
ing you will havo traversed tho entire
northern frontier of China, 1,500 milis.
Though you find several hundred miles
of adobe sun dried mud wall, yet otln-r
hundredsof miles aro of good brick and
higher than at Kalgan. By the tiiun
you havo traced its length you will b'
willing to concede not only that China
has a groat wall, but also that the ruler
who could conquer so vast a country,
drive out tho invading Tartars and
build a fortillcation 1,500 miles Ions' to
keep them out was worthy to be called
tho first emperor and to give his name
(China) to tho country.
If any one laughs at the folly of
spending so much labor on such a un
less defense let him remember that it
was a defense only against horseback
riders, armed with nothing but bows
and arrows. A few guards on the
watch towers could, with their signal
fires on the mountain tops, easily rou-e
tho villagers far and near to tho defen.-e
of their homes. And this well accom
plished its purposo for over a thousand
years, when tlio great Ghonghis Khan,
with his bravo Mongol followers, broke
his way through.
This section of tho great wall be
comes for half a mile the city wall of
Kalgan. A beautiful temple is built on
this wall to eclebrato Ghenghis Khan's
This two thousand year old wall is
littlo known to the world at large, be
causo thero is .-mother wall much ofton
er visited and described by visitors
from the western world. It is near
Peking, and a far moro imposing struct
ure. This is only an inner arm of tho
great wj:'1, but 500 miles long and not
so old by 700 years. It is built of cut
granite and good brick, and is .'10
feet wide at its base, 25 foot wide at
tho top and .'10 foot high. It is a lino
sight as it winds over tho highest moun
How KothschUd Clot Klch.
The late Baron Charles Rothschild
was ono day asked by a friend whom
ho had taken with him on 'change at
his request to toll him tho secret of
getting rich by specluations on tho
bourse, as tho samo peoplo always did
business with each other, and it was.
therefore natural to suppose that U10
profits and losses would bo equalized in
tho long run.
"Just count tho number of gentle
men who aro now making tho biggest
noise," said tho baron.
"Thero aro fourteen of them."
"Very good; wo will comoand count
them again in a fortnight."
They did so, and this timo thero were
"You see," said Rothschild, "tho
threo that aro missing havo been swal
lowed up by tho rest."
"Then how must you go about it if
you want to speculate successfully f"
Inquired tho inexperienced stranger.
"As when you aro taking a Russian
vapor bath quick in and quick out
again Sehorer's Fniuilienblatk
A Diamond Shortcake.
A wealthy jeweler of this city, whilo
dining iu a restaurant, emphasized a
remark by striking tlio table with his
fists. A valuablo diamond ho wore on
his linger disappeared with tho blow,
and though tho place was carofully
searched tho stono could not bo found.
Soon after tho hunt had been aban
doned a customer named Spencer was
served with a piece of strawberry short
cake, and as ho passed his knifo
through it it struck something hard.
With a jocular remark to tho waiter In
attendance tho obstruction was re
moved, and proved to bo tho lost dia
mond. It was returned to tho owner.
After tho Shower.
"Why aro theso thunder 6tonns Hko
tho letter S?" asked Bessio of her
"I seo no resemblanco unless it bo
that thoy mnko our milk sour," replied
Jack, who had "heard it before."
A writer in an English magazine
gives tho particulars of forty-two royal
marriages, and shows that in each and
overy caso policy and not lovo brought
about tho match. No princo or prin
cess has any right to fall inJovo. They
havo enough good things without it.