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About The Oregon scout. (Union, Union County, Or.) 188?-1918 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 10, 1889)
THE OREGON SCOUT
JONES A. CHAMCEY, - Publishers
Jk. rnbllnher Tell How Tlicy
ilucrd to thn Public,
"What class of books do you And
eolls tho best?"
"Well, It has been the result oi our
xperienco that tho American peopl
ro at heart religious. If they're not
religious they're religiously Inclined,
And no book wo handle, be it our own
publication or tho publication of soma
one elso which wo soli on commission.
Bolls liko tho book that has a religious
coloring. This seems rather strange
when wo hear so much about Amorl
can Irreverence, but it's a fact. Then
again, wo'ro a patriotic people, and
books about popular military leaders
or l'resiuents or Presidents' wives aro
acceptable and find rendy sale."
"Isn't there immenso profit In sub
"Not so much as you would imagine
from tho price of tho books. Sub
scriptlon books tiro high-priced nnd
many of them aro not so well gotten
up us tho books in tho trade. Hut.
you seo, wo send tho books out over
tho highways and byways to tho poo
plo. And tho agents, whoso work
Isn't tho most enviable In tho world
havo to bo paid enormously. As
matter of fact, tho publisher of many
a subscription book doesn't realize as
much per copy as do tho publishers
who simply put their goods on tho
trade. Hut what wo lose ono way wo
make up another. For instance our
sales of a book aro much greater than
though wo simply put it on tho mnrkot
and trusted to tho morit of tho book to
soli It. Merit cuts little figuro in
subscription book; it's tho push of
agents. Besides, tho lapso of timo
makes litllo difference; tho subscription
book, us a rule, is rarely scon out of
a prlvato houso, is raroly discussod in
nowspapors, and Is just as good for
soiling ton years from tho dato of tho
first issuo as at flritt. Besides it is
possiblo to run a vory profltablo sub-
Bcrlptlon-book business on compara
tively small capital that is, whon you
havo but ono or two books. In tho
trado it is different Thoro a man
wants nulto a largo catalogue, and it
all means monoy. I don't think I am
far from tho truth whon I say that
Harpor Brothers havo $12,000,000 or
$15,000,000 bound up in storcotypo
plates alono, to say nothing about
copyrights, royalties, dead stock and
' "Your pricos, I suppose, aro a puroly
"Not so much with us as with tho
publishers for the trado. At tho book
stores tho prices II, .$1.25, $1.50 or
$2 aro almost wholly conventional
prices, irrespective of what tho book
actually costs to manufacture. Wo
reckon about four times the actual
cost of tho book to bo about tho soil
ing prico. Our pricos, of courso, aro
more or loss manipulated by agents.
A subscription book which in tho
neighborhood of Chicago wo never
expect city patronage sells for $il la
sold on tho Pacific coast at $5 and in
Australia at $7 or 8. But that extra
money tho agonts pookot. Oh, my!
yes, lots of our subscription books go
to Australia. It will bo many a long
year before tho West Is as bookish as
the Kant, and till it Is, though book
agonts maybe regarded as a nuisance,
tho subscription-book trado will
Ihrlvo." Chiciujo News.
Aguo In the Wator.
In all districts whoro wator is
drained through a largo amount o(
vegetable mutter, especially whoro tho
lands havo boon recently brought un-
dor cultivation, fever and aguo and
other Intermittent fovors aro likely to
Imj generated, and tho germs of dis
ease aro generally takon Into tho sys
tem through tho medium of wator.
Hut If those unnoollniiitod would taku
tho precaution to drink only wator
that has boon boiled, they would very
Boldom taku theso fevers. At a heat
of 212 degrees or tho boiling point,
those germs in tho wator aro killed,
and tho water then becomes harmless.
Tho writer, some eighteen years Hlnce,
was required to travol through and
tarry some tlmo In tho nguo districts
of Michigan and Illinois. After spend
ing u few days in the formor Statu ho
began to feel tho olTeots of drinking
tho water, aud thou adopted the plan
of drinking only weak tea. This was
tho only olToetlvo moans of obtaining
woll-bolled water, as tea Is never made
except with boiling wator. After ceas
ing to drink wator oxcept with tea, ho
traveled through and spent several
mouths in some of tho worst dlstricta
of Illinois, aud was entirely free from
any symptoms of aguo or other ill ef
fects from tho water of tho various
-miasmatio localities which had boon
boiled, lie also has known several
cases of persons who havo entirely es
caped tho damgers of acullmatiou by
adopting this plan of using only boiled
water. Country Gentleman.
An editor in this country does not
liavo to saw wood, but ho carries coal,
nukes pasto, attends all tho meetings,
roads a lot of trash to get a little news,
does job printing, runs the hand pross,
runs errands, swoops out once a month,
rrnakos out bills once a mouth and
then makes them out over again next
month aud smile sweetly on tho
iHun who tlireutons to kill him
m sight. Then thoro aro somo editors
who "rush thogrowlor," "deal," "buck
tiger," got drunk, stay drunk and lot
all of tho beforo montionod duties go
.'4o thunder, -llUina. S.yn IwlcucniienL )
THE PACIFIC COAST.
PORTLAND'S BIO EXPOSITION WAS
OPENED LAST WEEK.
Bakcraflold's Improvements Chopped
HiaOwn Flngoa Off Port Orchard
Selected for the New Navy
Yard Skull Fracture.
is trying to disinoorpor-
Epizooty is afflicting horses at Carson
Chico, Cal., lias 044 children at public
Santa Cruz has a 13-months-old baby
A Jocky Club is soon to bo organized
A shoo factory has been established at
at Otay, Cal.
Tncoma has one lawyer to every 150 of
A dressed beef company has been in
corporated at Portland.
The Oregon Baptist Conference met at
ElleiiBburg on the 20th.
Tho Sacramento police hnvo received
no salary for six months.
A heavv rain hnB extinguished tho fires
in tho Willamette Valley.
Ground is broken at Santa Ana for the
$100,000 water-works system.
Tho sports of Albuquerque have been
bled by an unknown sprinter.
Tho Northwest Exposition Company
has been incoriorated at Tacoma.
Portland's Hie Exposition opened on
the 20th witli imposing ceremonies.
Rather sovero frosts have visited Doug-
Ins county, Or., since tho 11th inst.
J. II. Hoffman line been arrested nt
Portland, Or., for passing forged checks.
President Harrison has appointed A.
N. Gilbert tho Postmaster at Snlem, Or.
Ellonsburir's prospects for securing the
Stato Capitol of Washington are flatter
Gcoriro Younir has been arrested for
the murder of Charles Beach at Prescott,
A majority of the waiters in tho Pacific
Ocean House, Santa Cruz aro out on a
Tho women of Ogden are reported to bo
organized and burning disreputablo
Tho apricot and peach crops of San
Bernardino Valley will bring .if 150,000.
Arthur II. Fonmson. a survoyor at Los
Angeles, was drowned at Kodondo Beach
on the 22d.
Tho Northern Pacific Reduction Com
nnnv is build nir sampling worns at
Tho school for tho blind opened at
Salem, Or., on tho 20th, tho beginning of
tho now term.
Tho romainB of James O'Connor was
found floating in tho Willamette at Port
land, on tho 20th.
Tho Citv of I'uebla has just made tho
run from San Francisco to Victoria, B.C.,
in fifty-one hours.
llarrv Shirlov. who was well known in
musical and dramatic circles, died at San
Diego on tho 22d.
Tho African Methodist Episcopal Con
ference of California has concluded its
labors at San Jose.
Dr. A. W. Hoisholl has been chosen
assistant physician of the Stato Insano
Asylum at btookton.
iV sailor on tho Mary Buhno was
washed overboard and drowned at Eu
reka, Cal., on the 2lld.
Honry Williamson has been arrested
nnd charged with robbing tho forest
Hill stage a few weeks ago.
A political tournament took place at
Seattle last Saturday between six of tho
leading lights of both parties.
John Andorson, a nutivo of Virginia,
aged 00, ami for many years ono of the
leading politicians in isovaua county, is
Tho Brotherhood of Railroad Conduc
tors has concluded its labors at I.os
Vngcles and will meet in loledo, Ohio,
Biikerslleld has nearly thirty brick
buildings finished ami in course of oreo-
lon since tho place was burned up a lew
The commission appointed by Congress
to select a site for a navy yard on the
Pacific Const, has, after duo deliberation,
selected Port Orchard.
The cable railway company nt Spokano
Falls has consummated the purchaso of
all the horse railways in that city, to
gether with their franchises.
Portland nuthoritics have been trying
to put a stop to tho daily parades of tho
Salvation Army, but so far havo failed.
Tho law is not Btrong enough.
There is trouble between tho Biiperin
ulcnt anil the men at tho Snn Pedro,
N. M., copper mine, owini: to an order
that none but ItalianB should be em
Mason Smith, a young and prominent
merchant of Siwkano Falls, received a
kull-frncturu by a fall from a horse
Mr. Smith's recovery is very
John Snell. a neuro convict in tho
Oregon Penitentiary, placed his left hand
on a board and with a hatchet cut oil' tho
third and middle finger. Ho did it to
Detectives in Utah had just made a
Btrong case of train robbery against a
man named Curtlss. whon tho real otlVn-
tiers, Joseph Nay and Ed. Dayton uuulo
contessiou exonerating mm.
Tommy Warren of Los Anuoles. nnd
Frank Murphy of England, fought fifty-
luht rounds nt mo rooms oi uiu Cali
fornia Athletic Club on the 24th. The
referee refused to mako a decision.
Carson Vallov ranchers nro endeavor-
ug to compromise with the Union Mill
ml Mining company over uiu ngni 10
m thoy lUnJ tQ llght tho wmv&ny
io waters ol tlio uarson river, ll they
The Sultan's Edict A Vessel Wrecked
Many Christians Cast Into Pris
on Tho Cotton King.
Thomas A. Edison is in London.
Guyaquil prohibits Chinese immigra-
A Spanish sqradron has reached Tan
A finow and hall ptorm in Scotland is
King Menelek now rules oyer all
Apples are rather scarce in England
The stevedores at the East India docks,
London, are at work.
The death is announced at London of
Farnie, the librettist.
The United States war-ship Enterprise
is at Inverary, Scotland.
The London strike increased the busi
ness of the Liverpool docks.
In Franco the Government, runs the
tobacco and match business.
The wheat crop of France is 30,000,000
bushels greater than last year.
Countess Bcthlen committed suicide at
her castlo in Schassburg in Hungary.
Tho British wnr-ship Lily hns been
wrecked on tho Iabrador coast. Seven
of the men were lost.
Emperor William says the best guar
anty of peace in Europe is the strength
of the German Army.
Travelers report that more English is
spoken on the European Continent this
year than ever before.
A large part of the village of Kensing
ton, Princo Edwnrd'a Island, has been
burned. Loss, $100,000.
The Spanish Government is construct
ing extensive fortifications along the
whole line of the Pyrenees.
Grand Duko Constnntine, undo of the
Czar, who Buffered from a stroke of par
alysis two months ago, is dying.
Tho Duko of Cannaughtwill relinquish
his command in Bombay and return to
England in the spring via Vancouver.
Tho Hessian fly is said to hnvo been
introduced into England from the United
States in tho straw put in packing cases.
An English cutter has captured a dhow
off Pent bra, Africa, with 131 slaves on
Twenty students have been arrested at
Kieffj Russia, on a charge of being
English shop-keepers are complaining
that American shoppers are exceedingly
Cardinal Schiafiino is dead at Rome.
Ho was born in 1829 and was made a
Cardinal in 1885.
Tho awards of the various committees
of tho Paris Exposition will be announced
on September 29th.
Tho anniversary of the occupation of
Rome by Victor Emanuel was celebrated
recently at tho Eternal City.
Tho Russian Government hns issued a
decreo prohibiting tho purchasing of
cattle by German merchants.
Tho Silvertown Telegraph Works at
London liaB locked out 2,000 men who
demanded an advance of wages.
Emperor Francis Joseph has signified
n wish that official circles censo talking
about his coronation at Prague.
Miss Toki Mardira, tho daughter of ono
of the hignest families in Japan, has do
cided to take tho veil in Munich.
Tho family of Rihhard Wagner re
ceived 2,000 as their share of tho profits
from tho recent performances at Beyrouth.
It is reported that Count Sehouvaloff.
tho Russian Ambassador at Berlin, hns
been appointed Governorol tho Caucasus,
Tho bodv of a wealthy Ixmdoncr named
Wedon hns been exhumed nt the m-
stnnco of his brothers, who suspected
Princo Bismarck's malady of inflamed
veins of the lees doe? not abate. He has
been forbidden to walk, and ho rides only
in a carriage.
Tho Duke of Portland's winnings in
tho races this season aro within a frac
tion of X100.000. Nearlv all of which he
owes to his liorso Donovan.
An American nnmed Uallv Allen, nr
rested in Ixmdnn f-r jewel robbery com
nutted at Munich, has been sentenced to
twelve years' penal servitude.
Thirtv thousand out of the 40.000 peo
pie in Jerusalem are Hebrews, nnd the
Israelites bid fair to ncnin become tho
predominant pooplo in Palestine.
Mail advices from the Congo are re
assuriiu;. Tho Arabs maintain a cordial
attitude and navigation is unimpeded.
Tippoo lib is helpful nnd submissive.
Thirl v-two of tho 25 ft Boulnr.gist candi
dates nominated, hnvo withdrawn from
the coining French elections, it is now
too into to substitute other candidates.
U a now stated that Mrs. Lanutrv re
mains in England to bring tho Britons
who scored her acting so uunicr-idilly
vcars airo to acknowledge her nullity ns
The operntivo cotton spinners of Black
burn. England, have agreed to assist tho
manufacturers in defeating the totton
Ring, ami are willing for a shut-down of
a few weeks.
Tho Christian Inhabitants of Crete are
fleeing to tho mountains. Their cattle
and other property aro being stolon by
Turks. Many Christians havo been east
Major Field, formerly Secretary of tho
British American Mortgage Company, at
Ixmdou, hns loon sentenced to twelve
months' imprisonment lor forging con
x)ub of tho company.
Glndatono says ho regards Balfour's
Catholic university endowment proposal
tiH a conductor intended to divert light
ning from Htriklng the Parnell Commis
sion at tho oiH'iilng of Parliament.
The Sultan of Zanzibar has issued an
edict eniowerlng tho commanders of
English and Gorman war-ships to search
all Zanilluir boats. Tho decree provides
that every person who enters tho Sultan's
dominions ufter November shall be free,
GEORGE FRANCIS TRAtN SUED FOR
A Howling Mob In Kansas Wants the
Colored People Colonlz-d Old
Documents Found Chicago
Wants tho Big Fair.
The Michigan peach crop is very short.
Indiana has negotiated another $700,
Snow is several inches deep on Mount
A big deaf in Montana mining property
George Francia Train's wife has sued
him for a divorce.
Mrs. Langtry's lawyer denies the re
port of her divorce.
Baltimore is raising capital to build a
large sugar refinery.
Snapper Garrison has resigned from
the Belmont Btables.
Tho Corn Palace wna opened at Sioux
City, Iowa, on the 23d.
The Princeton Hotel at Buena Vista,
Col., has been burned.
Tho trust stocks are spoken of in Now
York as super-saturated.
The Creek Nation is urged to form a
State and join the Union.
The Treasury has expended $234,497,
744. G4 in bond purchases.
A valuable silver find in the mountains
of Pennsylvania is reported.
The Yorktown shows a power in excess
of the contract requirements.
The National Silver Convention assem
bled in St. Louis on the 25th.
Piano-makers are forming a protective
association. This is not a trust.
An epidemic resembling dysentary is
raging near Meadowville, W. Va.
Typhoid fever is prevalent in Boston
and' its suburbs at the present time.
The New York Teletiram savs the idea
of Chinese invasion is quite comical.
John T. Falconer has been appointed
ganger for the First California district.
The chief oi police at Kansas City has
boon ordered to suppress tho Salvation
Boston police expect to have a parade,
the first for many years, some time in
The streets of Alexandria. Va., were
first lighted by electricity on the night of
President Gilman of JolniB Hopkins
University ays he lias no desire to make
A public school at Troy, N. Y., has
been closed because the building is over
run with lleas.
Tho New York Daily Graphic, the pic
torial paper, baa suspended, and is in the
Secretary Noble has taken meaensures
to preserve tho rnins at Casa Grande,
Pinal county, A. T.
Miss Anita MtCormick and Emmons
Blaine were married at Richfield Springs,
N. Y., on the 25th inst.
Many survivors of tho abolition move
ment participated in the Emancipation
Day celebration at Boston.
There is only ono colored member of
congress. His name is Cheatham, and
ho hails from North Carolina.
"Rattlesnake Pete," an On City char
acter, has sold a snake skin for $0 to a
man who will use it as a necktie.
It is thought that New York's efforts
to secure tho Exposition of 1892 will re
ceive but little support in congress.
Mayor Noonan of St. Louis has mado
the te'mporary suspension of his private
secretary, C. E. Meade, permanent.
It is generally believed in Washington
that Major Warner hns accepted tho po
sition ot Commissioner of Pensions.
Senator Wado Hampton wants tho
United States to expend $50,000,000 in
colonizing the colored people in Cuba.
Governor David B. Hill, of Now York,
is ndvertised as ono of tho attractions of
tho fair to be held in Atlanta next month.
Old documents found in a Mexican
church lead to tho hope that tho long
lost mines of that country may be redis
covered. It hns been discovered that tho city of
Cincinnati owns nearly $1,000,000 of real
estate, of which all knowledge had been
Chicago's great public building, tho
Auditorium, is Hearing completion, and
is expected to be ready lor a grand oien
ing December 9.
The resignation of Dr. James P. Kim
ball as Director of tho Mint, has been ac
cepted, and it is believed Edward O.
Leech will succeed him.
There is a movement in Michigan to
have tho national ling displayed on all
school houses in tho State, and Governor
Luce heartily indorses it.
It Is estimated that 80,000 Americans
who have visited Europe this season havo
paid to the companies for passage. both
ways upward of $14,000,000.
Six or moro custom houses are to bo
established on tho Cnndian Bide of the
international boundary between Mani
tolwi and tho Rocky Mountains.
There was an explosion of gas in ono
of tho coal mines at Dayton, Tenn., on
tho 23d, and nine miners wore frightfully
burned, several of whom will die.
There is lieliof among naval officers
that tho Baltimore can mako faster tlmo
at Newport than her record shows, and
a trial will probably bo Riven there.
Samuel Murray, a lalorer, at Louisiana,
Mo., mado an attack upon his son Alfred
with a chair, when his son John, aired 18
years, took part aud shot his father dead.
There is too largo a Bentluieut in opio-
eition to the uso of Central Park for the
World's Fair at Now York, and tho movo
looking to that site is being abandoned.
An attcmnt was mado recently to
wreck tho Wisconsin Central passonger
train, but a party of hunters discovered
and removed tho obstructions in timo toa
Chicago newspapers .uo gathering com
fort from replies to innuiries regarding
preferences for the location of tho World's
Fair. Tho lumber merest has declared in
favor of Chicago.
JIOJIK FA It 31.
In-Breeding and lnter-Breedlng-Truth
for Ruralista Veal Olives Or
chard Grass The Cantaloup.
Boil one-half dozen potatoes until well
done, then mnsh. with a tablespoonlul
of butter, little salt, pepper, and three
tablcfoonfuls of milk.
More butter is injured by keeping the
cream too long before churning than in
any oilier manner, ine cnurning miuuiu
bo nerformod as soon as the cream IS
ripe, even if there is only a small quan
tity to churn.
Orchard grass will thrive well on damp
locations. It is an excellent grass, but
"stools," which gives it an uneven np
pearance in the fields. As it becomes
moro compact each season it soon forms
an even pasture.
The Emerald Gem cantaloup is one of
the most delicious varieties that has been
grown this season. It is of medium size,
but cracks sometimes when ripe. The
rind is dark, and it does not present an
attractive anpearauce. though deeply
ribbed and netted. But witli these dis
advantages against it there is no variety
that equals it in flavor, whilo the quality
of flesh is superior to any other.
Veal Cutlets witli Tomato Puree. Cut
from a piece of leg of veal some slices
three-eighths of an inch thick, and trim
them pear shape to tho sizo ot cutlets ;
sprinkle them both sides with pepper
and salt, and lav them in a well buttered
Hat pan; put a buttered sheet on the top
of them, and put the tin in the oven just
long enough to thoroughly cook the cut
lets. Disjwso them on a dish in a circle
round a puree of tomatoes and serve.
Spinach. Look it over carefully and
wash thoroughly, holding the stem sidt
up as you shake it about in the water.
Put. it in a Baucepan without any water
except the moisture on its leaves. Cover
cleseiv and cook for half an hour. Put it
in the corander to pi ess out all the water;
return it to the saucepan to heat ngnin.
Season with butter, red pepper and salt,
and servo with either sliced, hard boiled
eggs or sliced lemon. Instead of butter,
three tablesj)oonful8 of rich cream may
bo heated with it.
Truth for Ruralists.- -Here is a bit of
gospel truth which is worthy the con
sideration of farmers who are tempted to
extravagance, either by pride or the dis
play of their neighbors. A farmer can
live happier in his old house, out of debt,
than he can in a new, fine ono with a
mortgage on it. A family can worship
moro devoutly going to church in a farm
wagon, when" they are not afraid of any
creditor meeting them than to go in a
fine carriage with a chattel mortgage on
tho horses, subject to be foreclosed at
Complete protection of choice plants
exposed to the attacks of cutworms may
bo secured, according to Mr. A. W .
Cheever.ot the Now England Farmer, by
surrounding tho stems with strips ot
folded newspaper. Last year, ho says,
whilo away from home, a dozen tomato
plants set m tho usual way in his garden
were nearly all destroyed in two or three
days. Tins year, of more than two
dozen, set with a fence of folded news
papers around each, not ono has been
touched, although cut-worms are abun
dant in tho garden.
Veal Olives. Cut two pounds of veal
into strips three inches long and two
inches wide. Mako a dressing of one
cup of stale bread crumbs, ono table
spoonful of melted butter, seasoned with
salt, pepper and sweet herbs. Mix and
spread on the strips ot veal ; roll them up
and tie tightly ; roll in Hour and brown
in boiling fat." Then put in a saucepan,
pour over a pint of soup stock, thicken
with a little flour and let simmer two
hours. Take up, remove the string, put
the olives in a dish, strain the sauce,
flavor with mushroom catsup, and pour
Puree of Tomatoes. Tako a quarter
peck of tomatoes, cut them up into quar
ters and remove from each tho pips nnd
watery substance it contains ; put them
into a" saucepan with an onion, plenty of
butttr, pepper, salt, a bay leaf and some
thyme; add a few spoondils ot either
stock or gravy ; kep stirring on the fire
until they aro reduced to a pulp. Pass
this through a hair sieve. Put an ounce
of butter into a saucepan, and mix with
it on tho fire two tablespoonfuls of flour;
as soon as it begins to color add tho
tomato pulp, a little at a time, and keep
Btirring on the tiro until tho puree
German Honey Cakes. Tho delicious
honey cakes are' not often soen nowa
days, and fow of tho younger generation
know of this good variety of cakes. Six
ounces of honey and two generous table
spoonfuls of butter are to be gently
warmed together. Mix lightly with six
ounces of sifted flour, half a teaspoonful
of grated nu'ineg, with the s:imo quantity
each of grated lemon ptol and carbonate
of soda- Mix with tho honey and butter,
and let it stand over night. Roll out
thinly, cut into shapes and hake in a
gentle oven. All cakes that have either
molasses or honey in them should bake
with a slow bent. Tho acid in tho honey
is suHicient to combine with tho soda,
and no cream of tartar is necessary. It
is tho sanio way witli molasses in com
bination with soda.
Inn-Breeding and Inter-Breeding.
Theso terms havo often been used by
writers on breeding domestic animals, as
synonymous ; but they aro really of quite
a different signification. In-breeding
means the mating of animals which are
more or less closely related ; whilo int r-
breeding is tho mating of cross-bred
animals, that havo no relationship with
each other, tor example, supioso a
Shorthorn and Hereford aro bred to
get Iter, tho offspring possesses half the
blood of each. Next, supjwse tho samo
of a bussox and a Uovon, thon tho oil
soring of these two crosses bred together.
This would bo inter-breeding, their par
enta having no consanguinity of blood
between thorn. It is a snfo courso to
pursue: and for tho attainment of special
ends may at times provo quite an advan
tage to tho eattlo breeder. In-breeding,
or breeding in-and-in, as it is moro gene
rally termed, is dangerous unless to a
crson of great oxperience, and who is a
jHrfect judgo of tho infections of ani
mals ; then it may bo advantageous. It
is frequently followed by the unskillful
with a loss of size, thrift, and constitu
tion ; and, finally, by barrenness. Fatal
diseases aro iiIbo to bo dmulwl for sup
pose ono parent is touched witli a dis
enso; in couBcquenca then of its con
sanguinity to the other, this will bo likely
to bu intensified in the offspring ; and if
both parents hnvo the same diseaso, it
will prokibly be doubled or Quadrupled
A NOTICEABLE ADVANCE IN THE r
Whilo There has Been no Material or
Startling Cnange in Quotations,
Buslnees In all Lines Is
Commercial affairs present no new or
significent feature this week. The vol
ume of trade in progress with but fow
exceptions is not only satisfactory, but
considerably in excess of the correspond
ing period of last year, whilo there is an
abundance of any feature that threatens
to disturb the future or interrupt the de
velopment of prosperity. The feeling of
confidence that prevails is manifested by
the liberality with which dealers havo
replenished their stocks, while business
promises to bo further stimulated in tho
near future by the many visitors coming
to the Big Fair, and later on by the moro
rapid marketing of the wheat crop. The
fresh meat market has been very quiet
and there has been little alteration since
our last review. There is no special
change in groceries and provisions,
though lard, hams and bacon aro in bet
ter demand. The market contiunes firm
and active for fruits and vegetables.
The butter, produce and poultry market
continues strong. A slight advance is
reported in Valley and Eastern Oregon
wheat, while hops remain very dull.
Sugars, Golden C Gc. extra O 6,
dry granulated 8Jc, cube, crushed ana
powdered 8cC Coffee: Guatamala 20
22, Java 3032c, Costa Rica 21
22c, Mocha 37c, Rio 2223c,
roasted Java 3032c, Arbuckle'a roasted
Oregon ham 1313)c, breakfast bacon.
1213c, sides 9810c, Eastern ham 13:
14c, breakfast bacon 12c, sides 9c,
shoulders 9c. Lard 8c.
Apples $1, lemons $8, Sicily $7.50,.
Apples 45c, evaporated C(iJo sliced'
6c, pears 8c, peaches 810c, Oregon
plums 34, petite prunes 50c, German
5J(30c, prunes, Italian 7c, silver 07e,
Cplifornia figs 7c, Smyrna furs 1415c
ap.icots 1314c, raisins $1.75f2.25 per
Potatoes, new, $9cl, sweets lo
per lb, onions 85c.
Butter, Oregon tancv 30c, dairy
2527c, common 1012c. Eastern
22c, California 1820c.
Oregon eggs 30 ; Eastern 25t.
Chickens $3.504, old hens $55.25,
young geese $810, turkeys l)c per ft.
Valley 1719c, Umpquo 1920c, East
ern Oregon 1014c.
Hops G8c for Oregon, 09c for
Wheat, Vallev $1.221.25, Eastern
Oregon $1.121.15. Oats 38c.
Standard $4.25, other brands $3.75
Hay $1G18 per ton, bran $14.50, chop
$1820, shorts $10.50, barley $21.
Beef, live. 2c, dressed, 3c; mutton,
live, 3c, dressed, Gsc; hogs live, 55jc,.
dressed 11!, deer 2?43c.
THE YUMA INDIANS.
uteri-Mini; Summary of. Some of Their
Yuma superstitions are many; tho
fow following will torvo as examples:
With rare exceptions they strenu
ously object to boinp: photographed.
'mv thoy beliovo tho accuracy of tho
pictures due to somothlnp takon from
them whoso loss will boon causo death.
Many will not allow themselves to bo
viewed through field glasses, us they
imagine their nakedness is oxposed
notwithstanding their clothes. If a
dead person had in life boon accus
tomed to share tho food of his rela
tives tho latter, during feasts and
other ceremonials, sot apart a portion
.'or burning, for fear tho deceased
ould othorwiso upbraid thorn in
dreams for thotr selfishness. The
smoke of tho sacrifice is consumed by
tho dead. For tho samo reason death
and kindred subjects aro seldom men
tioned and tho namos of tho departed
pass tho lips under no circumstances.
Tho woodpecker is never killed, be
eauso the slayer will immediately bo
stricken with blindness. Children aro
often frightened into good bohavlor
by allusions to a bird-like ghost re
sembling a monstrous owl, called
Toh-kah-lot. capable f inflicting aw-
nu caitmlties upon tho disobedient.
Tho dead sometimes communicate
with the living through an owl's hoot
ing. Tho bird itsolf is the pulso or
heart-beats transferred temporarily
and conios at night to convoy good or
bad news. Whatsoever happens,
whether natural or accidental, must
soon bo duplicated. For instance, If
an Indian dios, two moro will follow;
if it rains, two rainy days may bo ex
pooled; and should tho wind blow
hard, thoro will bo two days of storm.
On seeing nn eclipse, thoy beliovo iha
planet is sick and trying to slljfp.
Should it not nwnko, tho Colorado
rivor would dry up and bring sickness
and death upon them, and so the tribo
assomblos to clap hands, shako rattles
and shout to assist it, and indirectly
themselves, out of a predicament
bnootlng stars aromossages from Coh-coh-mak,
communicating to tho In
dians tho death of one or moro whlto