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About The Oregon scout. (Union, Union County, Or.) 188?-1918 | View Entire Issue (June 6, 1889)
Cornell University hns put ?1X.'
OOO n now buildings tho past year.
lnnt.v.fivo ncr cent, of tho stu
dents of Franklin College, New Athens.
n . urn nrofossing Christians.
tivo per cent of the graduates of
collcgo have entered tho immsuj.
Says a prominent clergyman: "I
don't oxnect to seo tho millennium. I
slmtlbo quite satistiod if 1 livo to sec
tho day when there will bo as many
churches as grogshops in tho country."
-In tho last six yea-s tho member
ship of tho Chicago Presbyterian
churches has increased from loss than
10,000 to nearly lo.OJO and of tho Sabbath-schools
from 12,000 to nearly 18,
000. Kov. Norman La Marsh, an elo
quent preacher in charge of tho Meth.
odist church at Searsport, Mo., is to
tally blind. A feature of tho sorr.ecs
nt this ch'urch is tho singing of tho
Tho "hireling ministry" is no
longer fo obnoxious as in former day?
to tho Friend. It is said that thore
are in New Vo k Stato at least ten
located pastors, who are wholly sup
"ported by Friends' churches.
Tho largost congregation in the
world, numbering 4,500 members, is
on tho island of Hawaii. Over 90,000
Foojlans gather regularly for Christian
worship. Madagascar, with its Queon
and 200,000 of hor subjects, is ranged
on the sido of tho Cross. In tho Friend
ly Islands thero aro SO.OOO Christians,
who contributo $1;",000 a year to re
Tho Presbyterian Historical So
ciety, of Philadelphia, lias tho conch
shell used by David and John Brainard
to call tho people to their "meetings."
Tho socioty also has an idol ono hun
dred and lifty year old, worshipped by
n family of Munsco Indians; and tho
doorsill of tho house occupied by Dr.
Marcus Whitman, who secured tho
Torritory of Oregon, Washington and
Idaho to the United States, and was
IHllnrl liv thn tnrlinnq.
Pastor McKinney, who has charge
of a Baptist church in Ansonia, Conn.,
recontly preached against card play
ing. Ho was decided in his opinion
that a Christian ought not to play
cards, oven whist, in which ho could
seo no, scionot and laid down these
livo points: First Christians should
not play cards for amusement, because
it is a waste of time. Second They
should not play cards because it dissi
pates tho mind. Third They should
not piny cards because tho example to
others is one that is injurious. Fourth
They should not play cards because
it leads to gambling. Fifth Thoy
should not play cards because whist,
tho Christian game, as generally
played to-day, is gambling.
A PATHETIC INCIDENT.
How the Trenton 1'repiireil for Her I)u
MriK'tioii at Samoa.
One of tho mint beautiful and pa
thetic incidonts in tho narrative of
the .wreck of tho war-ships at Samoa
was ccr'ainly that of tho music
on tho T entoii. It was at mid
right of the day upon which the
Vauda ia struck. That vessel lay up
on tho reef pounding her bottom
upon the coral rock. Mountainous
masses of dark water, white-capped
with seething foam, came rolling in
from tho open sea and swept tho deck
from stem to stern, dashing tho spray
high into the rigging, whoro three hun
dred men clung to tho ratlines. The
howling of the hurricano aroso evon
above tho roar of tho waves and no
other sound mot tho ears of tho shivor
lng men aloft.save tho crash and croak
ing of timbers as each succeeding
wave made inroads into tho noblo ship.
Prosontly thero came across tho
waste of soothing water a sound of
music. Could it bo possiblo? Did
not their eaiM deeoivo thorn? Eagerly
tho mon listened to catch tho sound.
Again it came, borno upon tho whist
ling wind, tho stirring notos of tho
Star Spangled Banner," played by
tho band of tho Trenton, as that ship,
with propellor and ruddor gone,
drifted hopelossly upon tho reef to
meet what soomed almost cortain
doath. Loud and clear, abovo tho
raging storm, aroso tho notos, and
suroly never swootor music sounded to
dying mon than did this to tho seamen
lashed to tho rigging of tho Vandnlia,
and three hundred men broke into a
cheer. Faintly camo tho answer from
tho Tronton's men, as grouped in tho
rigging thoy peorod eagerly into the
lino of foaming breakers ahoad which
marked the deadly reef upon which
they woro drifting. It was only whon
tho vessel struck that tho crash of fall
ing masts and crushing timbers
drowned tho sweet strains of tho stir
ring anthem, and again all was black-no-is.
whirling waves and whistling
winds.- Washington Critic.
It Had No Terrors for Him.
"So this is my claim, is it'" mused
tho new-comor. "My good man, I
don't wish to put you to any trouble,
butyou'ro on my patch of ground."
"1 am, hy?" mid tho tierce look
ing Oklahoma squatter. "My friond,
d'yo see that Inclosuro staked oil thar
tho other side of tho cabin? Woll, that's
my private buryin'-ground, an' it's full
g fellers that thought thoy hod a claim
"1 seo it," replied tho visitor, caro
lossly, "and it doesn't scaro mo any.
I umpired ten base-ball games in De
troit last year," ho added, witli a capa
"Fer. hcavon's sako, mister!" ex
claimed the squatter, his faco turning
(rightfully palo and his knees knock
ing togothor, "glvo mo IVo mlnutoj to
pack up my traps and light outl"
HONEST CARL DUNDER.
He TelM W hy llr l -Ilrpil or CSivlnjr Ad
vlco to Mis Acqimtntnnrr.
Sometimes a young man comes to me
od says lie likes some advice ash to
his future. 1 say to him:
"Snpeak dor truth bo honest be
temperate und keep oudt of debt.
Ho goos right away und trios to be
nominated for otllce. und mnype in six
months he vhas in shall for embezzle
ment. Thoreforo I believe it vhao
best to s;hpoakto young mans who like
"Go und do shust like you want to do
und you will bo all right.''
Sometimes a girl brings mo her al
bum und says sho likes mo to write In
it I like to oblige her, und so I write,
"If you oxpect to bo happy in dor par
lor you must practice economy in dor
Dor next time I seo dat album dot
pago vims cut oudt und dot girl vhas
tolling people dotsomo old Dutohmans
vhas shust too cranky to live. There
fore 1 belief it vhas hotter to write in
"Find a rich und foolish young nTan
marry him sit down in tier parlor -let
do kitchon go py Halifax, und you
will lif one hoonored years und take all
dor happiness doro vhas."
Sometimes an oldt man comes to mo
und says ho likes to got married again
to a young girl, und ho would bo glad
if I tell him how it vhas. It vhas
pleasure for mo to say:
"Dot man who vhas foofty years old
und haf seex shlldren vhas an Idiot
asylum to marry himself by a girl of
Dot oldt man says ho vhas eafor so
much obliged, und ho goes right of!
und marries dot gal und in four weeks
all his shlldren vhas turned oudt doors.
Somopo.ly spheaks about Carl Dundor.
und he says I don't know so mooch ash
dot bird's nest of last year. Thoreforo,
it vhas bettor for mo if I tell him: "It
vhas all right, Mister Schmidt marry
at oneo it vhas your duty young
wives like oldt husbands never mind
doso childrens you vhill bo so happy
ash nefer vhas."
Sometimes a follow ootnos to mo und
says it vhas queer how I get along so
vholl. lie goes down hill all dor times,
vhilo some odder peoplo who don't
work half so hard ash ho does goes oop.
He says ho likes to ask my advice, und
pooty soon I tolls him:
"Don't go by somo saloons keep
oudt of strikos let politics nlono
shmoko a pipo und lif like dor mans
who makes only two dollar a day."
Ho says ho vhas oafer so mooch
Obliged, und ho goes by a saloon und
?ots cm oop for dor boys, und says I
vhas a fool und dor liberties of dls coun
try vhas in danger.
Mavno she vhas hotter if I told
"Drink all dor beer you can go oa
somo strikes eafery wook keep in mil
dor politicians haf plum pudding all
dor timo und shwear dot dor rich vhas
growing richer all dor time."
"I vhas tired. Let somopody advise
herself. Detroit Freo Press.
Men Who Kite Out mi Kxlstenco (ill Thrc
DoIIuim ii Weok.
While some peoplo who imagino thej
aro noor aro souabbling over whethei
or not they can livo on 20 per week
others of whom 1 navo Knowietigo art
livimr on a wcok. Thoy do not stoi.
to debato about the question at .-.11, but
go right ahead and do it, Keally it
does not cost much to support life In u
hearty, healthy man, if ho has no pride
or nicetv about him. Ton cents will
got him a bod for tho night in a big
hot room with fortv or flftv comnan
ions. Fivo cents will got him a bowl
of oatmeal or cornmeal or rlco in the
morning with a slice of bread, ton
cents will got him a plato of meat and
vegetables nt midday, and fivo conts
will cot him all the bread or corn cake
ho wants for suppor. All told, tho man
who lives in tho cheunest lodging-
houses in town and boards at the cheap
est restaurant m town spends only
thirl v emits a dav for living expenses.
Washing costs him nothing, for he
wears no collars and cuffs, and when
his shirt needs soaking very badly
ho wrestles wltli it in tno common
bath tub and hangs it up to dry before
a red-hot stovo boforo ho goes to sleep.
It Is possiblo lor mm to save nineij
conts a week. Longshoremen, tow.
boys, sailors out of work and laborers
of all kinds minglo in tho cheap lodging-house,
and thoro Is also quite n
largo percentage of full-Hedged or soml
tramps and boggars, though most ol
tho gonuino tramps scorn to pay for
any thing and got themselves commit
ted to tires jail or pcnltontlary. Let it
not bo thought for n moment that the
inhabitants of tho cheap lodglng-houscf
nro homogonoous. Thoy aro divided
into many classes. Tho young mon gc
to ono room, tho old mon to another,
and ono of the strangest tilings found
is tho strong disposition of those whe
have fallen from prosperity to drift to
gether. I found in ono houso an ox.
mayor of Brooklyn, an ox-surrogate
and a priest who was not so very long
ago tho holovod pastor of a largo par
ish. Others in tho samo houso wore
ox-morchauts, spendthrift heirs and
cx-nctors. Thoy aro still aristocratic,
spondlng as much as fifteen conts foi
tholr bods and gottlng it, tho Lord
knows how. In their humblo roadlng
room they discuss tho world from the
cynical standpoint of their wrongs, rea
or Imaginary, and they would no raon
associate with tho lodgers in otlici
houses than Queon Victoria would no
company ho? hopeful oldest bon to i
London music hall. Drink has beei
tho catiso of downfall in almost al
these cases. Brooklyn Kaglo.
RAILWAY CAR ETIQUETTE.
An OlMorvnnrp or It Mill Oftrn Snvo Ono
Not n Little Trouble.
One of the most fruitful thomes of
contention in railway carriages un
doubtedly arises from tho tendency of
travelers to occupy more seat than
rightfully bolong to them. On this
point, however, tho law is vory clear.
Kneh person h is a right to ono seat
that is, to one-half of tho double scat
with which our e irs aro usually fur
nished, and no more. Where the car Is
not fully occupied, a passenger may, of
course, 1111 up the vacant half of his
scat with packages ntrtl may naturally
consider that ho should not bo dls
turbed until the car begins to fill up.
but ho must remember that ho has no
real title to more than half of tho sot-'
tec. Tho disobliging spirit which
many persons show w hen thoy aro po
litely asked to remove their bundles,
is often very annoying to tho now ,
comer, who feels that he luis paid for 1
a seat and has a right to occupy one.
Still moro unreasonaiile are thoocople
who turn over a seat and expect to oc
cupy four places for two or three
passengers when tho rest of tho car Is
full. They thus compel later comers ,
to take their choice between standing
up and enduring the doublo discomfort
of riding backward and of intruding
themselves into a group of friends ,
into a sort of private box. as it wero.
A quarrel aroso out of just this stato
of things in a railroad car near Boston
somo twenty years ago, and tho un
pleasant result of it was that one
gentleman lost his temper and struck
another in tho face, for which offense
ho passed three months in tho Stato
Although now comers who take un- i
occupied seats have right and justico
on their side, they are certainly bound
to treat thoso already in possession
with civility. No one should sit down
beside another in a railroad car with
out first asking courteously If tho
empty seat bo engaged or without
allowing tho first occupant an oppor- '
tunity to remove Ills or her parcols.
Few things aro more irritating to a
lady than tho behavior of a man who
plants hiinsolf abruptly in tho seat
bosido her perhaps sitting on her
bundle or her dress without a word ol
preface or apology. Where a beat has
been reversed in order to mako a. rost-ing-placo
for bundles or for tho feet I
of travelers on the opposilo seat, a
new comer, if ho can find no othor un
occupied place in tho car, would cer
tainly be justified in restoring tho seat
to its natural position and taking pos
session of it, after asking politoly if it
wero engaged. It is customary to re
spect tho rights of an absent passongor
who leaves his valiso or umbrella to
guard his seat, but, per contra, it is
neithor fair nor just that a man should
exneot to occupy two seats on a
crowded train ono in tho smoking car!
and one in tho ordinary car. Thus, a
gentleman who observes that a Beat
rosorved by a valiso remained empty
for quite a length of timo would bo
instilled in taking possession of it (tho
seat, not tho valiso), but it would be j
polito for him to oiler to vacato It
when tho first occupant roturncd, and
ho could certainly offer to do so when
ho perceived that tho latter was act
ing as an escort to a lady sitting on a
neighboring seat. Good Housekeep
ing. DRUGS AND MINERALS.
Tho Scientific unci Common Nn men of '1 hose
In Kver.v-ll.iy I nc.
Aqua fortis Is nitric neld.
Aqua rcgia Is nitro-muriatie acid.
Bluo vitriol is sulpnato of copper.
Cream of tartar Is biiartrato of potas
sium. Calomol is chloride of morcury.
Chalk Is carbonate of calcium.
Salt of tartar Is carbonate of potassa.
Chloroform is chloride of formylo.
Common salt is chlorido of sodium.
Copperas, or green vitriol, is sul
phate of iron.
Corrosive sublimato is bichloride of
Dry alum is sulphate of aluminum
and potassium. i
Kpsom salts is sulphato of magnesia. .
T...t.I 1 1 l 1. . .1. .!... f
Firo damp Is light carburotted hy
drogen. Galena is sulphido of lead.
Glauber's baits is sulphato of so
dium. Glucose is grapo sugar.
Goulard water is basic acotato of
Iron pyrites is bisulphldo of iron.
Jowoler's putty is oxide of tin.
King's yollow is sulphide of arsonic.
Laughing gas is protoxido of nitro
gen. Liino is oxide of calcium.
Lunar caustic is nitrato of silver.
Mosaic gold is bisulphnto of tin.
Murlato of limo is chloride of cal
cium. Niter of saltpotor is niL of pot
ash. Oil of vitrol is sulphuric Id.
Potash is oxido of potnsjium.
Realgar is sulphide of arsenic
Ited lead is oxido of lead.
Rust of iron is oxido of iron.
Salammoninc Is murlato of ammonia.
Slacked limo is hydrate calcium.
Soda Is oxido of sodium.
Spirits of hartshorn is ammonia.
Spirit of salt is hydrochloride of
Stucco, or plaster of parls, is sul
phato of llrno.
Sugar of lead is acotato of load.
Verdigris Is basic acotato of copper.
Vermilion is sulphide of morcury.
Vinegar is acetic acid diluted.
Volatile alkali is amrrpnia.
Water Is oxido of hydrogen.
White precipitate is ammonlat,i
White vitriol Is sulphate of zinc.
Somrlilntr liout tW Itn no Mlhil ol
(hutiel .Mortuiigo I on Ik.
Tho papers mado out for a chat I r
mortgage to protect a loan of $h)
have been sent to the Ti ibuno as at.
illustration of tho way In which th
poorer class of borrowe1 s are fleeced
by the Shylocks n this city. The
loan was for six months, and 'the
principal paper is an innocent looklnu
document in which the borrower
acknowledges tho receipt of $101 Indi
cating tho payment of Interest at the
rate of 8 percent per annum. But ac
companying this is a series of si
notes for $o each, payable ono pet
month during the life of the loan
Allowing to the unfortunate the stum
rate of interest as was nominally
charged him he was required to paj
nearly $!M t0 at the end of six months
lor tiie use of $100 during that time,
which is at tho rate of ti'J per cent, pei
Wero this cae an exceptional one il
would justify the use of severe term-
in denouncing the extortion practiced
by tho tender. Unfortunately, thore h
reason to believe it is simply ai
average sample of tho usage to which
the poor borrowers aro subjected w bon
they mako tho mistake of looking tr.
thoohattel mortgage sharks for assist
anco In lime of need. Hie father of a
family who drops out of employment
after having neglected tho wise pre
caution of "saving something for a
rainy day," the male victim of accident
or disease which exhausts all his sav
ings while he is yot unable to resume
work, the widow left with several
small children to provide ft
and, perhaps, obliged oven to
raise money for the funeral expenses
these aro tho peculiar prey of the
bloodsuckers, it is only those already
in tho bitter depths of poverty win
are lleeced in this outrageous manner.
The busir.css-inan who has fallen be
hind in tho race and is making a vain
attempt to slave off bankruptcy by
"kiting" may have to pay sharply foi
tho use of accommodation paper, but
tho figures scarcely over rise to any
thing like the altitiuio of G9 per cent,
por annum. Ono of tho worst cases
exposed in several years past was that
of a firm in Canada which fulled re
cently after having been bled for
awhile at tho rate of I por cent, v
Tho operations of tho vampires arc
conducted in strict compliance with
the letter of tho laws forbidding usury,
but thoy terribly outrage its spirit.
Tho only document made a matter ol
record is tho ono in which thoborrowoi
concedes the fact that ho has received
so much money and agrees to pay the
legal rato of interest for tho uso of it,
giving a mortgage on his household
furnituro as security for tho perform
ance of his contract. Tho usury
notes a jo kept in tho dark and made
out "for value received" without au,
reference to tho documont placed on
record. But tho latter can not bo can
03llod till all tho notos aro paid, as
some who havo tried it found to theii
cust. Tho usurers aro prepared foi
all possible attempts at such evasion
ar d one of tho most pitiable feature
of this moan business Is tho fact thai
"roputab o" lawyers can always be
found ready to place tholr legal lore at
tho service of tho men whoso profit
consist of gleanings In tho field of pov
erty. There is no loophole of escape
except by paying "tho uttermost
farthing." If tho boriowor has tin
good fortuno to meet with a friond wht
is willing to take up tho pnpors loiifi
boforo tho date of maturity ho will ask
in vain for a rebate of part of tho in
terest. Somo cases havo boon reported
in which such oilers to cancol thodobl
woro mot by a rofusal to accept the
money till it was duo. Tho man whe
took tho notes claims that ho hat
passed them over to anothor, who it
conveniently absent from tho city, oi
finds some other xcuso for insisting
on the letter of tho bond. Only whon
tho friend is powerful enough to be
feared in case lie exposes the nofarloui
transaction is there tho least chance
of any concession from tho full moas
uro of oxtortionate payment that ba
boon once agreed to by the unfortunate
This systematic oppression of those
who aro already so poor s to deserve
sympathy if not to command assistance
in tho hour of need is ono of tho worsl
evils that exist in largo cities. It If
especially doplorabl'-, as It tends tc
bro ik tho hearts and destroy tho self
respect of tho sufferers from tho ex
tortion, whilo It lurnlhboH tho poorei
malcontents with the strongest pos
sible arguments thoy can think of in
favor of tin rchy As tho only phase
of capitalistic aid with ulnci thoy are
familiar it Is easy for thoin to regard
all capitalists a-opprcs nr. having nc
right to the possession oi tho r weal h
und radical enemies to the rest of the
people. No bettor -orvl. .i con d be
rendered In tho rod Ileal ion of this er
roneous belief than by tin "IToi t on the
part of tho rich to abolU'i he orylni?
shame that now charade ' I ho oliac
tel mortga 'e busme s in t .s and ot iui
cities. It would immi'ii-oy improve
Mio morals of t io lovo ialf of the
community, besides affor I or Individ
ual relief from extortion in thousand'
of cases of unavoidable de-litiitlon. -Chicago
Tho Dukoof Wi'slmliihtor, accord
In? to tho luto-t loiiirii i- xtlll h'
rlehost m n In dreat r la n. his fort
uno being set clow, u 8D.O'.0 0O0.
This Is a pretty big pH but it Un I
overstating H to say that lu ro aro at
least half a dozen imoii in Mil countr.
t ho could buy out the Du.co without
exhausting the contcn of t It oil
coffers. Amurloa 1'itf bcomo lli!
abode of tho Ori!sufiH of ho wrth.
.AFRICA'S SLAVE TRADE-
How tlio NefurloiM Trillin Is Currleil tin lly
If ii priori plot) Ship-Owner.
Tho Paris Temps published tho other
day n letter from Arabia giving somo
details in regard to tho slave markots
In Hodeida and other towns. It is
said that tho Turkish Government
closes its eyes to the tralllc, and that
consequently slavery nourishes with
Httlo or no obstruction. Tho few
vessels S'-attered along the great dis
tance from Znnaibnr to Suaklm are
utterly inadequate for tho purpose of
suppressing the trade. To exorcise
nn effective surveillance a largo fleet
of cruisers would be necessary, involv
ing, of course, an immense expense.
Tho captains of tho slavers are
thoroughly skilled in tho methods of
concealing their merchnndi.-'o. For
example, when a warship is approach
ing tho slaves are thrown in the bot
tom of the hold, and barrels and
bales and all sorts of things are placed
over them, with little care for tho
danger of their suffocation. In this
way many a slaver escapes as a vessel
engaged In an honest business. In the
lied Sea they employ othor means to
escape. Thoy deal principally in
children, and when there Is danger of
capture they put their captives in
small boats and land thorn on somo
Islnnd, where thoy conceal them as
best they can. One of tho dllllcultles
in tho way of stopping this tralllc Is
tho consent of tho slaves themselves.
In liberty away from tholr own coun
tries they seo nothing but starvation
boforo them, and tho result Is that
many liberated slaves often rosoll
themselves. Moreover, they havo a
dread of Kuropeans. The Arabs toll
thorn that the whites eat tho blacks.
Tho proper way to suppress tho
tralllc would bo to commence with tho
slave markets, which llourlsh under
tho protection, or at least tho toler
ance, of tho Turkish Government.
Formerly tho markots woro carried on
oponl v. now thev are operated secretly,
and that is tho only difference. Tho
slavers land their morehnndlso upon
somo deserted portion of tho coast,
and from thero it is brought ovorlnnd
to Hodeida. Kvory body Is informed
of tho arrival. J ho t.ovornor Is 'io
first to get tho news. Tho slaves o
placed with agents, who sell them
either in tho town Itself or in the Inte
rior. Of course, the prices vary ac
cording to tho quality of tho goods;
but of lato years tho prices havo been
consider .bly raised on account of tho
fees which tho merchants aro obliged
to pay to tho Turkish olllcials. Never
theless, a good sorvant can bo pur
chased for about $00 or $80. Tho ne
groes from Zanzibar and tho Soudan
aro generally omployed as sorvants.
Tho women from Djimona and Abys
sinia are high priced. They aro gen
erally pretty, with tolerably clear
complexions, and features of the Eu
ropean typo. They fill tho haroms of
Arabia, A handsomo Galla about
twelve years old will soli easily for
$120, $lV0 or oven $200. In Hodoida,
whore thoro aro two European Con
suls, this trade Is carried on secretly,
but in tho interior it goes on openly.
In Lohova, a little north of Hodoida,
tho slaves are sold at auction, and the
Lieutenant-Governor recolvos $2 for
each slave that is sold. Moreover, ho
gonorally selects ono or two for him
self out of each now cargo. This func
tionary does not oven know how to
sign his naino, and the Cadi of tho
same town deals in Gallas and Sou
danese as the most legitimate business
In tho world.
All that tho Turkish Government
docs against this tralllc is to give a
color of satisfaction to tho European
powors. Lately a Turkish war vossol
solzod two slavers with 100 negroes;
but this is after all only a thin villi to
cover the acta which aro going on every
day under tho shelter of tho Ottoman
About 1,000 Hlavcs aro annually sold
at Hodeida, and tho trado is carried
on at other points on a much larger
MODERN FISH CULTURE.
A (ireiit DUroverj ICociiiil ly Mmlo Hjr Fran
cois l.iiKrln, or Clmiuvu.
For ii number of years jiast tho
Swiss Government and sovoral prlvato
firms and Individuals havo mado de
termined ofibrts to restock tho ex
hausted lakes and streams of Switzer
land. Until quito latoly all thoso
efforts proved practically abortive.
But recontly M. Francois Lugrln, of
Genova, invented a highly successful
process for propagating In largo quan
tities and at a nominal cost various
species of mlnuto crabs, etc., upon
which tho young fry of various iish
feed during tho first fow months of
tholr lives. This now moans of sus
taining tho young fish upon natural
food until thoy attain sufficient sl.o
and strength to mako tholr way suc
cessfully In open water has solved tho
hitherto most serious obstacle in fish
culture Hitherto all such attempts
havo had only a negative result: at all
events, it Is Impossible to cito a single
caso of success. Tons and hundreds
of thousands of small fry havo boon
hatched and turned Into tho waters of
Genova. among which wero sovoral
species which it was hoped to acclima
tize, but never a fish of these species
has boon caught or seen. Notablo
success, however, has been achieved
by tho system of Mossrs, Lugrln and
Du Hovoray, who own and manage tho
plseicultural establishment atGrenmz,
In tho F each Department of Alt).
Near tho ond of December, 1880,
Messrs. Lugrln and Du Hovoray, as
wo learn from tho American Consul at
Marseilles, received from this country
ilx thou-and eggs of a species of sal
mon which watt unknown in Kuropo
until artificially propagated thoro.
Tho eggs In question woro duly
hatched, and tho young fish kopt in
the tanks at Grcmaz, fnttcning upon
tho abundant living food provided by
tho Lugrln process, until the 21th
of April, at which timo fivo thousand
of thorn wero put into tho lako of
Anneey, a beautiful shoot of wator in
tho department of Hauto Savolo. At
this timo these robust young llsh hnd
attaine'd an average length of fi 1-10
Inches, and weighed about 1 ouncoa
each. On tho 1st of Septombor. ono
hundred and thirty dnys after being
thus plnnti'd, two of thoso fish woro
caught at different points of tho lako,
and wero officially weighed and
measured. Each had attained a length
of 81 inches, and weighed 1 ounces.
They had thus trebled In wolght, and
nearly doubled in length, in a little
more than four months. Many other
speclinons of tho same brood havo
been taken in thonels of tho fishermen
of Anneey. but they aro, of course,
liberated, it being rigidly forbidden to
interfere with tho final result of nn
experiment which has begun so
Commenting upon theso facts, the
Swiss journals regard the problem of
restocking their depleted waters iui
substantially solved, and Mr. Lugrln
has received from olllcial sourcoa
many Mattering congratulations.
Tho fatal difficulty hitherto has boon
that, owing to tho absence of avallablo
food and tho intense cold of tho Swiss
lakes and rivers, most of which aro
fed from glaciers, tho tender young
lish which have boon turned into the
water a fow weeks after hatching,
havo perished from cold, hunger and
othor accidents, whereas the robust
and vigorous yearlings, already old
enough to catch living food and light
their way, havo striven with tho ox
traordtnary results abovo Btatod. It
is estimated that a thousand woll
grown and healthy yearlings aro ol
moro value for stocking open waters
than a million of tho delicate creatures
of the tender ago at which thoy hava
been hitherto planted, for want ol
means to properly feed them whon in
confinement. N. Y. Ledger.
A Domeslle Art Thill Shoulil llo Arqulroit
Rooms that aro carpeted should ba
frequently swept, oven though thoy
may not bo used much. Especial care
should bo taken to brush tho edgos
and corners of tho carpet with a short
corn broom. Moths and oarpot-buga
aro in this way kopt out of a room. A
sleoping-rooin Hhould bo thoroughly
swopt and dusted every wcok, no mat
'tor how clean it may look. With na
room in tho houso should thoro ba
more euro taken. It may look all
right, but it will not bo fresh and
sweet without tho wcokly cleaning.
Have covers for tho largo pieces ol
furniture. Thoso covors should ba
about two yards and a half long. In
most households three such covors will
bo enough. Threo breadths of soma
cheap print, stitched togothor and
hummed, will mako a cover that an
swers for tho largest picco of furnituro.
First dust tho ornaments and small
pieces of furnituro and put them in
iinothor room. Now dust tho heavy
pieces and cover them with tho cloths.
Brush tho backs of tho pictures and
tho ledges over tho doors and windows.
Shako out tho curtains, if yoiuhava
drapery, and fold and fasten thorn back
Irom tho window. If thoro bo por
tieres, take thorn down, if you can
easily do so, and shako and air thorn.
Take up tho rugs and havo them beaten
out-of-doors. When all this is dono,
sprinklo the carpot with coarso dairy
Bait and then swoop tho room, taking
short strokes with tho broom. Take
up tho sweepings and shako tho broom
out-of-doors, to rouiovo all tho dust
After tho dust has hnd timo to set
tle, go over tho carpot with a broom
onco moro, swooping vory gontly. TIiIh
wU tako up all the dust that has set
tled on tho carpot. With a foathor
duster, dust tho walls, doors, pictures,
windows, otc. Tako tho cavers from
tho heavy furnituro, und after Blink
ing them out-of-doors, fold thorn up
and put thom away. Wash tho win
dows und wash all tho spots from tho
paint around tho door-knobs, base
boards, otc, If thoro bo a ilrc-placu In
tho room, wash tho hearth; or. If n
tovo bo used, polish It before dust
ing. Now shako out tho curtains and.
hang tho portleros. Placo tho furni
turo and ornaments in position, using
piece of chooso cloth to wipo off any
dust that may cling to any of tho ar
ticles. No matter how cold tho woathor,
tho windows should bo kopt opou dur
ing tho swooping and dusting.
A print dress and a cap should al
ways bo worn whon swooping. Cut a
pair of old stockings opon ut tho toes,
and cut a hole in each hcol for tho
thumbs. Draw thoso over tho hands
! and arms and thoy will protect tho
hands and sleoves.
When a carpot 1b used a good deal,
as in a sitting-room, after it Is swept,
put two quarts of warm water Jn a
pall and add to It threo tablospoonfula
of ammonia, or two of turpentine.
Wring a cloth out of this wator and
wlpo tho carpot with It. It will
brighten tho fabrlo considerably.
Whon cleaning a room, novor shake
rugs, curtains, oto., out of tho wln-
I dows. A largo part of tho dust files
back Into tho room; much of it clings
to tho houso; and If thoro bo any win
dows opon noar by, Ao dust is blown
through them Into othor rooms. la
either summer or winter, all thosa
things should, whon possiblo, havo a.
good shaking In tho Ivtok yard antl
then bo hung on a lino for awhile, to
got an airing. Murlu Furloa, ia.