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About The Oregon scout. (Union, Union County, Or.) 188?-1918 | View Entire Issue (June 6, 1889)
THE PACIFIC COAST.
DEMOCRATS HAVE A MAJOKIIYIN
THE MONTANA CONVhNTION.
Soattlo Has b Building Boon l- re
gonlnn Hallroad Unablo to Pav
Ita EmployrB Fine Grai ltu
Scuttle is building 200 dwelling.
Reno, Nov. lira 500 school children.
Willows makes all tramps move on.
Shasta's hoard of trade will disband.
Spokuno Tails has now seven hanks.
Pctiduma'B race-track is in good repair.
Cutworms arc in the Fresno vineyards.
Ynma Indians have n hi? wheal har
vest. Elsinor Is forming an irrigation dis
trict. The scalo hug hold's its own near Po
mona. The almond crop in San Die'o is im
mense. A granite quarry near Seattle is to' he
Astoria has just pledged $30,000 for n
"Woodland complains of vagrants und
Fresno and Selma have telephone com
munication. A hatlery of artillery is to lie sent to
Selma proposes to light up with gas by
tho 4th of July.
None hut union tailors can find work
nt Helena, M. T.
Twenty-five acres havo been planted
to figs at Chico. t
The railroad is expected to reach Pacific
Grove by June 10.
San Jose hanks after Juno 1, will close
at noon every day.
A turkey farm near Uakersfield has
11KX) eggs in lmtching.
Largo orders aroi coming to Pomona
from England for wine.
Tho namo of the poBtofllco at Ingrams
lias been changed to Cazanero.
Tho steamer Hush has been ordered to
Alaska for duty in Retiring sea.
A corner lot on Pacific avenue, Tacoina,
W. T., recently sold for $05,01)0.
Peter 1). Fisher, a '4!)or, was found
dead in a saloon at Fresno, lust week.
Tho high-license ordinance at Peta
luma will go into operation July, 1889.
Dubois Bros.' sawmill at Vancouver,
"VV. T., has been burned; loss, $1 -1,000.
William Clark, a photographer, com
mitted suieido at Portland, Or., last week.
The Democrats havo a small majority
in tho Montana Constitutional Conven
tion. The Gallup, N. M., coal mine striko
has been a failure. It has lasted two
The Debris Commissioners aro inspect
ing tho mines in Nevada and Sierra
The Oregonian Railroad is unablo to
pay its employes and must bo sold at
The contract for building tho Butto, M.
T., branch of the Norlhorn Pacific road,
has been let.
David McCoy, need 00 years, works in
the field with tho Invent Hrooksido, San
The value of land in Delano has ad
vanced $10 an acre since the formation of
an irrigation district.
Commander Percy Hokin of H. M.S.
Swiftsure, died at Victoria, 1$. C, on tho
10th inst., of acute rheumatism.
The green sandstone found near the
Southern Pacific in IConrn county, is
claimed to be the finest in tho Btate.
M. T. Hatch stopped the Northern Pa
cific graders with a pistol on tho 18th
iiiBt., at Portlnud.und drovo them oil".
It' is said that five sawmills and seven
shingo-mills cannot supply tho demand
for building lumber at Contralto, V. T.
11. T. Hedges, of San Pedro, has caused
his wife's arrest as insane, and she
charges that ho wants to get her property.
Smallpox is reported to bo raging
among tho Okunagon Indians. Physi
cians have been sunt to vaccinate the
"Cyclone Pill" and W. U. Cunning
ham have been held at Tucson for trial
on the charge of robbing Paymaster
Ground is now !eing broken on the
llutto, M. T., branch of the Northern
Pacific railroad, known us the lloinostako
George P. Connors, of 1201 Howard
street, San Francisco, on tho : .th Inst..
Blipied from a hrakobeam and was killed
John K. llurmim, ugliest at the Quiinhy
House, Portland, ends his life or. tho
2:id lust., bv blowing his own brains out
with n revolver.
Mrs. Harriet Campbell, mother of the
late Mrs. Esther Holludiiy, has been ap
pointed guardian of tho Holliiday chil
dren at Portland.
Tho ieoplo of Wheatland will soon he
supplied with water by tho new system.
Work on the trenches for the main pipes
have been started.
A dozen Itoys have within a short time
been committed to the Napa Insane
Asylum, whoso insanity has lieen caused
by smoking cigarettes.
Miss Mantle Ijidd and Charles Need
ran Hwav from Miss Maude's parents at
Piili'lnes", Han Penlto county. on tho 18th,
und were murrlod at Santa Criu.
O'Connor, tho oarsman, Is anxious to
break tho record, and will make some
strong Hlbrto in that direction at the
rogrtttuon Iako Washington on Memorial
A woman, giving the name of Mrs. A.
Sanderson, of Oaklund, Cal., killed bur
self at Uutto, M. T., recently. Sho is
known to lift vo Iwon n woman w ho had
gone to tho bad.
Two young men, Moses Iiiniigar nnd
Harry CJoehrinK, woro drowned in tho
Willamette river, nt Portland, Or., bun
day, May 10th. A galo unset their boat
and thoy tried to swim to laud.
P''ri8tiHn8 MMBSftcrod T'o Labor Con
Ktci'A Scandinavian Opera
Hee-Keeping tn Uorniany.
In Silesia 17,000 men are on a sttike.
Tlie Pope has been taken suddenly ill.
Great Britain's fisheries employ 1150,000
G'-netal Boulanger contemplates a visit
William O'Brien's libel suit against
Salisbury is for 10,000.
Vienna tramway employes won their
'demand for tweve hours.
Oldham, England, is to have a now
S0,kM-spiridlo cotton mill.
In Germany lice-keeping is taught in
ninny of the public schools.
Foitv-fivo iH-rsons have lost their lives
through floods in Bohemia.
The interest on money in Ixmdon is 1
per cent on permanent loans.
Christians are being massacred by the
Turks on the Montenegrin frontier.
Two sisters of Piggott, the forger of the j
Parnoll letters, are nuns in Ireland. i
The English court is in mourning for ;
the late. Dowager Queen of Bavaria, j
Princess Beatrice, wifeof Prince Henry i
of Battenborg, bus given birth to n son. ,
Thr extraordinary session at the Peru-j
vhm Congress, opened at Lima last week. :
In Great Pritain, last year, 010 persons
wero killed and 8,820 injured on the rail
Tho German Emperor and Empress
will spend the summer chiefly at Reieh
The trouble with tho mines in West
phalia is being settled, and the miners
are resuming work.
The public, authorities at London an
nounce that they will suppress all gamb
ling clubs in the city.
factory nt Manzaniilo, Cuba, has been
burned ; loss, $4J0,00().
Dliulecp Singh, the Indian Prince, was
privntelv married to Miss Ada Wetherell
in Paris', on the 10th inst.
Tho Czar will dismiss Gotirko from llio
Governorship of Warsaw, owing to his
Tho proprietor of the Field Club in
London has been fined 500 for Vr
mitting gambling in his rooms.
Phyllis Brougliton's suit for breach of
promise against lird Daugun is expected
to como up in u couple of weeks.
The ship Sutlej at Havre, from San
Francisco, was slightly damaged last
week in a collision with the quay.
Holland has potteries that omply ehil
dien under twelve who work from 4 a.
m. to 11 p. m. for 50 and 75 cents per
It is reported that Sir Charles ltussell's
feo for acting as counsel for the Pamell
ites before the special commission is
Tli. liill in Intmlize niiirriiiiie with u de
ceased wife's sister has again received its
i i..r . .. :.. ii... rf
IIHIIIII (ICIflll. 111 U'U l-iniini. nuuni. ii
One bundled houses hav been swept
away in the Pilseu district, Bohemia, and
ninety-one persons have been drowned
by the fioods.
The Parisian papers unanimously com
iilimniif Sibvl undersoil, the American
prima donna, upon her success in Mas
senet's now opera.
There is much dissatisfaction among
the operatives in tho laco factories at
Nottingham, England, and a general
strike is impending.
A Berlin correspondent of the Ixmdon
Standard t: ys the Sainoan conference is
cementing the friendship lietwcen En
gland and Germany.
The anarchists are fermenting land!
agitation In Lombard)'. There has been
serious noting and a number of houses
have been ransacked.
England Gots her ice from Norway. It
sells in London at from 58 to 81 cents per
100 pounds. England used to buj large
quantities from Boston.
In tho llrltish House of CommotiB
last week, the bill providing for addi
tional naval defenses passed third read
ing by a vote of 1811 to 101.
Tho police at St. Petersburg, Russia,
have discovered that the ringleaders of
the recent plot against tho Czar belonged
to the garrison at Cronstadt.
Emperor William has accepted the in
vitation of Emperor Francis Joseph to at
tend to autumn maneuvers of the Aus
trian army in Moravia and Bohemia.
Tho French Sollalists have secretly in
vited their German brethren to take part
in a congress of Socialists, which it is
proposed to hold in Paris on July 1 Ith.
It is reported that Legitime has con
cluded a treaty with France, hy which
the assistance of tho French Goverment
is given in the suppression of tho rebel
lion. Sir Frederick Cowen has slimed a con
tract in 1-ondon to composa an opera
upon a Scandinavian subject t the Curl
Rosa Company, .enneii is to write the
It is state the Continent that En
glish phyr .s found General Boulauger
Bufienii'-' ' diabetes in an advanced
stage i ered him to go to Vichy or
Tho French Government has given its
sanction to the Lnlior Congress, which
has been proved by the Swiss Federal
Council, to he held at Be; no or Geneva
in tho summer.
lird Ihiuraven has practically accepted
all the conditions attending the challenge
for tho America Cup, but suggests Hlight
modification!), which he deems of more
convenience to himself.
Two French fishing vessels, the Ella
and Four Brothers, which left France
some timo iifeo for the Newfoundland
fisheries, with fifteen men, have been
lost and all bunds drowned.
Louis Conlou of Montlucon, Franco,
has probably the longest beard in tho
world. Ho is scarcely live feet in height,
his beard measures seven feet and he
wears it wound round his neck.
VILLARD AND THE OKEOON TRANS
CONTINENTAL. Secretary Bayard's Marriage Woman's
Sullrago Fuctorlos Estaoltshed
Prisoners Lashed Minora
Maine farmers complain of n scarcity
Natural wis will soon be piped to San
President Harrison will not talk poli
tics on Sunday.
Congressman Samuel S. Randall is con
The Chicago Drainage hill has passed
the Illinois senate.
Worms are destroying the cotton crops
in Southern Arkansas.
Anarchist literature aro being exten
sively circulated in Chicago.
The Atlanta is to relieve the Omaha as
fiagstatrof the Asiatic station.
Oil has been struck at a reported depth
of 1000 feet in Terre Haute, I ml.
The Woman's Municipal Sufirage bill
was defeated in the Michigan senate.
All of Mrs. Langtry'o stave properties
e to be sold at auction on May 28th.
A Northern syndicate lias purchased
30,000 acres of land in North Carolina.
A Chicago meat firm will build a five
story refrigerating depot at MeKcesport.
Compulsory education laws aro likely
to break up child labor in several states.
"Uncle Dick Tate," ex-Stato Treasurer
of Kentucky is believed to be in Califor
nia. A reort in the West Virginia Guber
natorial contest is not expected before
A million dollars in gold bars has been
orderod for export to Franco from Now
Eleven prisinois wero lashed nnd five
of thorn pilloried at Now Castle, Del., re
cently. The town of Ctinunings, 111., Buffered
from a disastrous fire last week ; loss,
Mrs. Grover Cleveland has received
from the Queen Regent of Spain, a pho
tograph. It is thought the sum of $2,000,000 will
cover the entiro cost of the New York
The Illinois house has passed the bill
reducing the rate of interest from 8 to 7
Ex-Commissioner of Pensions John C.
Black w'll niako tun home at Chicago
Villard claims to have secured a ma
jority of the stock of the Oregon Trans
continental. Horrihlo stories are being told of the
management of the asylum for the Chi
The coming conference of Nortli Amer
ican nations at Washington promises to
be a stir-ess.
The Pennsylvania legislature appro
priated $75,030 for dress uniforms for tho
Mrs. A. K. Horton, ot San Diego, was
thrown from n cab at Washington, last
week, anil killed.
The Canadian Fisheries Department is
aheady sending out its armed cruisers to
watch American fishorincu.
The New York legislature ha appro
priated $10,000 for a monument to John
Ericsson, in Now York city.
Artesian w lis have a future in this
country. Tho towns in Dakota are put
ting them to iniortant uses.
A wind and hailstorm passed through
tho northern portion of Texas, last week,
doing great damage to crops.
It is said that tho negroes of Louisiana
and Mississippi aro moving out hy thou
sands and are going to Kansas.
Nearly eight thousand miners have re
sumed work at Pittston, Penn., after an
idleness of over seven months.
A mob at Wyeklifi'e, Ky., on the 18th
inst., hanged Joe Thompson, who had
criminally assaulted a little girl.
Viscount Adolph do Vallcourt, a dis
tinguished Frenchman, died suddenly at
San Antonio, Texas, of epilepsy.
At a recent birthday celebration in
Fairhaveii, Vt., thirteen persons were
present whoso ages aggregated 10111 years.
William Hansen, a 17-vear-old boy,
was wantonly shot nt JoV.et, 111., last
week, hy a colored policeman named
Fish in the Iowa river aro dying by
thousands from Marshalltowu down. It
is believed the glucose works have juris
soned tho water.
Denver, Col., authorities nre making a
vigorous war on vice. Over four hun
dred prostitutes have been arrested with
in the past few days.
A woman's walking match is in pro
gress at Baltimore, one of tho conditions
being that 300 miles must bo covered in
six days or no money is paid.
Francis Wayland Goddard, of Provi
dence. R. I., died suddenly in a dentist's
olllce in Boston, on the 17th inst. He
was widely known in the state.
Tho marriage of ox-Secretary Bayard
to Miss Clymer, daughter of Dr. Clymer,
of the United States navy, of Washing
ton, w ill occur early in the summer.
The Sioux Itesurvatinn in Dakota,
which is ONpected to be soon coded to the
United States, is live times as largo as
Oklahoma and five times better farm
Twenty factories, with the aggregate
capital of $1,500,000, have lieen establish
ed in Florence, Ala., a town of some
2500 people, during the seven months
Tlio Constitution of Missouri requires
members of the legislature to serve for $1
a day after having lieen in session 120
days. That's tho pay tho Missouri legis
lator is now getting.
Early PlolnR Fat Sbop Foul Air in !
BtableB Soiling Crops Oatmeal
Mush Tor Children Notes.
When pear trees refuse to grow and ap
pear donnent cultivate them well nnd
apply plenty of wood ashes around them.
Trim back the wood and give the trunks
a good washing with strong soapsuds.
A heavy plank drawn over a lawn-plot ,
will serve to render it smooth, thus ,
greatly aiding the lawn-mower after the
; nn. i . i
JiHlBM is up
The lawn grass, being very .
short, may bo cured and stored away for)
the use of poultry in winter
Have you evergreens about the house?
Trim them up this spring so that they
will look ship-shape. Two or three hun
dred dollars can often be added to the
value of a farm by an hour or two's work
in pruning the ornamental trees.
Everylnvly can raise berries the farm
er, the villager and the resident. If you
have a walk ten feet long liordei it with
the finest strawberries. Do not try to
grow them in a careless, slip-shod way.
Fill the ground with richness and you
will be astonished and well paid.
Tomatoes cut into thick slices and
baked in a dripping pan make a most
ageeable garnish. Sprinkle pepper and
fine bread crumbs over each slice, and in
the spare between the slices put little
ter Vike ti 1 tinier an,l'M.ochtt 283,c' Costa Uicil -"m
liie platter with SiSt. ' Moia,, Arbuck e's roasted
lumps ol butter
serve hot on
Larlv plowing exposes the soil to tho'
action of the rain, frost and sun, and the
earlier the work is done the finer will bo
the particles of earth and the more avail-1
able the plant food. Quite a number of '
Misects will also be exposed to the sur
face, while the loosening of tho soil also
permits tho ground to become warm
Foul nir in stables affects the quality of
milk, and where stables are small and
crowded the air is so loaded with impuri
ties as to destroy the natural sweet
llavor of the milk. These are facts for
all users of milk to know. They should
stimulate careful personal inquiry as to
whether the milk used is clean or is
filled with poisonous animal matters.
One of the prettiest ornaments for a
shelf is a squaru or oblong glass with
beveled edges. On this glass paint a i
landscape. A snow scene is particularly
ndapted for this. A glass ten indies
high by eight wide is a good size. This
may be placed upon an easel when it is ,
done, or may be glued to a plush panel,
which can be hung on the wall. !
Most every farmer is aware of the fact
that a sheep must be fat to make the best ,
mutton, but few conceive the idea that a
properly and well fed sheep produces
more and better wool than one poorly fed i
and cared for. AVool is a product from
feeding, just the same as fat or ilest, and
the flock should be fed and managed with '
a view to wool growth, and that of line
Chow chow requires one peck of green '
tomatoes, four very small, solid cabbages, j
six onions and six green bell peppers, all i
chopped line and mixed. Sprinkle a cup-1
ful over tho niixturo and let it stand over
night. In the morning drain oil' the juice
and add two pounds of brown sngar, one ,
cupful of mustard seed and one gallon of
vinegar to tho chopped mixture. Boil '
until it looks clear and tender and put in
jars. This is declared to be "way up."
Tomatoes ( tit into slices and baked
make a delicious entree, but to servo '
with brazed fow ls and in highlv seasoned
gravies tlie tomatoes should be cut into I
slices, be dipped in flour, and then be
browned in butter, with salt and pepper
scattered on each slice. This process
imparts an indescribable flavor to the (
tomatoes which nothing else could give,
and a new joy awaits the lover of good i
things who has not partaken of this '
relish. It is most agrceablo as a garnish ,
for a fat and juicy roast of beef, as well as 1
of fowl and lamb.
The ways in which an omelet may be J
made to vary are inmost without number,
- . ... , i
i no omelet wiin line nerns is a lavonio
Willi inose people who iiko ingn seasui
ing. '1 hen tho most fastidious delight i
ing, men tno most lastuuous nought in
an oino.et with inusiiroons. these, oi
course, must bo chopped, or bo broken in
tlno bits, before they are mixed with tho
omelet ; parsley alone, rubbed very line,
imparts a delicious flavor to a plain
omelet; tomatoes added to the omelets
just beforo it hardens, those having beon
already cooked, give an excellent relish
to it ; later in tho season oysters chopped
fine, or tho Littlo Neck clam, render an
omelet a dish to be longed for and to bo
eaten with indescribable gusto. .
Oatmeal mush for children or invalids: 1
Take ono cup granulated oatmeal, a half
teaspoonful of salt and ono scant quart
boiling water. Put the meal and salt
the doublo lKiiler, pour on tho boiling
water and cook two or three hours. l(e
niovo the cover just before serving and
stir with a fork to let the steam escape, i
If the water in the lower lioiler be,
strongly salted tho meal will cook moro .
quickly. Servo with sugar or salt and
cream! Baked Bour apples sauco and 1
apple jelly aro delicious eaten with tho
oatmeal. " They should be served with ;
the mush, and the cream and sugar ;
iKJiired over tho whole. They give tho,
acid llavor, which so many crave in the
morning. Coarse oatmeal is not suitable
foranv form of wr.torbrash, acidlv or!
Imwel irritation. It often causes erup
tions on tlie skiu in warm weather.
Planting Trees: Tho trees being snugly
heeled-in, do not plant until the weather
is settled, especially until the long wind
storms are over. These winds aro dan
gerous and shrivel up tho bark and des
troy the verdure of the buds, which the
roots cannot yet supply with moisture.
If tlie trees como to hand early in tho
spring, it ia lest to heel them in until
the weather gets warm. If trees after a
long journoy in warm weather aro found
tn havo the buds started and tho hark
shriveled, trim them hack and cut each
branch back to a soundt dormant bud.
Then din a tench in suitable soil, and
lay In the trees ono by one, taking care. Twelve thousand Norwegians colobrat
that in tilling in every part of the shrivel- cd the soventv-llfth anniversary of Nor-
ed lmrk is in contact with the moist soil. ,'
Cover all completely, root and branch, I
taking care that tho labels nre proporlv
will ho found emiin!..t..lv r.Mlnr.wl I.V.
amine the roots nnd nruno the mutilated !
ones with a sooi ah cut. Prune the tops
into pioer shape. Some nursories give
a largo head, whilo others cut the young
trees into shai while yet in tho nursery
rows. A covering of finely divided, light
soil over the roots is a great benefit to
newly planted trees.
THE CONDITION OF THE MERCHAN-j
D1SE MARKET GOOD.
No Chango In Sugars Slnco Last Wo k
Coffees Firm VVth an Upward
Tendency-Oats In Demand
Wheat Very Dull.
The condition of the local nierchadise
markets, while not so active as it lias .
been, continues good, tho numerous nr-'
rivals in every county of Oregon and
Washington, helping to swell the volume
of trade, which shows that in spite of
much keen competition from several i
quarters, Portland merchants manage to
acquire a very fair share of new business.
Pright sunshine is all that is now needed
to mature crops of all kinds, and bring
quantities of the early fruits into market.
Sugars have been without change since
our last rej)ort. Provisions are steady,
while dried fruits of all kinds move fairly 1
well. We quote: j
Sugars, Golden C Oe. extra C 'Jc, i
dry granulated 8c, cube, crushed and
powdered 9jic. 'Jotlee: Java 2,(-'e,
Oregon ham 12W.(Tei:c. breakfast ha
con 13c, sides 1010.c, shoulders 8
Oc. Eastern ham I3(ii:5k.c. breakfast
bacon 1313e, sides !)'(($ 10c. Lard ,
LosAngeles oranges $2.25, Riversides;
$3.26. California lumens $3.50(a4 per box.
Oregon strawberries $2 per crato. I
Potatoes 40(3.500, onions $1.50, rheu
barb3c, tomatoes $1(S3 per box.
Apples 45c, sliced 0c, pears 8c, Ore
gon prunes, Italian 8c, silver 7c, German
00o, plums 5(a7c apricots 13i 14c,
peaches 810c, California ligs 8c. raisins
$1.752.2o per box.
Butter. Oregon fancy 20c, medium 15 i
lfjfje, common, 1012,lc. Eastern 22c, i
California 18G?20c. I
Chickens $5, broilers $34, ducks $0,
per doz., geese $9, turkeys 20c per lb.
Valley 1017c, Eastern Oregon 1015i.
Wheat, Valley $1.2-', Eastern Oregon
$1.15. Oats 2830c.
Standard $4.10, other brands $3.75.
Hay $1314 per ton, bran $1314,
chop $18020, shorts $1415, burlev $22.50
24. " ;
Beef, live. 3c. dressed, 7c; mutton,1
live, 3JhC, dressed 7c; lambs $2.50 each,
hogs live 0e, dressed, 7ffi7c; veal 0Se.
Tho CalmrnH Shelter.
In the little pocket book which tho late
Emperor Frederick, then crown prince
of Germany, carried on tho day of the
queen's jubilee is tho following entry:
"Tho ambulance arrangements on the
day of tho jubilee, tho drinking troughs
for dogs and horses and the cabmen's '
shelters in the streets of London." It '
was his habit to jot down whatevct '
ho saw in foreign countries which he 1
thought might be advantageously in
troduced into Germany.
All over rainy, foggy London at con
venient distances aro cab stands where
hansoms and four wheelers wait in a
row for patrons. Until the erection ol
tho "shelters" tho cabman had no place
of refuge froxi cold and damp except
j behind tlio apron of his cab. These
..sh(.Ucrs Btand dJrec
tly in the middle
of tho streets, and with their rows of ;
little windows all around look moro like I
playhouses for children than establish
ments for tho comfort of cabmen. They
nro picturesquo little wooden buildings,
all over gables and miniature balconies
from which aro suspended hanging
plants. Plants also blossom in pots in
tho windows. Hero tho cabman cannot 1
only warm his benumbed lingers, but can i
OPt a hot steak and n steaming cup of
tea; so a policeman told mo ono morning
on tho top of tho omnibus as wo trundled 1
along hy the cabmen's shelter on Regent
street. April Wido Awake.
Tastlnc Without a Toncuo. 1
Thcro exists a mistaken notion that
tho tonguo is tho solo organ of taste, just
as tho idea, natural but erroneous, is ex-1
tant that it is necessary for purposes of
speech. As a matter of fact, tasto is as
largely resident in tho palate as in the
tongue, while numerous cases aro on
record in which crsons who havo suf
fered tho loss of tho tonguo have been
able to 6peak with clearness. Recently
a proof wns given of the widespread
naturo of the taste sen so in tho mouth. 1
In n patient from whom tho tonguo had
been very completely removed, it was
found that sensations of sweet, sour and
bitter naturo wero still present. Curious
ly, too, no sense of salt tasto remained.
Theso facts would almost 6eeni to provo '
that various parts of tonguo nnd pal-!
ato are set apart for tho appreciation ,
of ditrerent "tastes." This idea supports
the fact that the tonguo assesses on its
stirfaco papillio or tatte organs of differ
ent shapes and sizes. It is consistent to
assume that such variations in the enda
of tho nerves of tasto imply variations in
their functions. New York Telegram.
way's independence, at Chicago, last
week, by Bjieeches, a procession, open
air festival and fireworks.
'"'"uoniai.v Heavily liui.ii with Allien
wm .tour,si8.. lmm ior
. : . . .. 1 : i , ....
lounsis Douiiii ior j'.urono. mo
number of thoso who every day nail
reaches into tho thousands,
Ono hundred ersons wero olsoned bv
ice cream nt a church festival at South
Glastenhury, Conn., lust week, and
thirty-four aro not expected to live, The
poisou was iu tho veuilla extract.
An Kxptitniitltin (if tlin Movement Inna
KitmlcMl liy Ite-nry lMrRP.
Wo hear much nowadays of tho
"slnglo-tax" agitation. Thcro is a
"single-tax" league, which has a con
siderable membership throughout tho
country; public meetings in tho in
terest of tho "single tax" aro hold,
and several newspapers and many
books advocating tho "single tax" arc
published or havo boon published.
What Is this "sWiglo tux?"
It is, in brief, n proposition to abolish
r.ll taxation except that upon land, or
tho value of land. It does not propose
that even buildings shall bo taxed, but
that all tho taxation of the Nation, the
State and tho municipality shall belaid
upon tho land alono, exactly in tho
hiime mansuro, whether It bo built
upon or vacant, but in proportion to
tho valuo which it possessor from near
ness to tho ccnici-s of population or
"The "single-tax" theory ii based
upon tho doctrine that the land right
fully belongs to all the people. That
the exclusive possession f hind by
individuals is not right. and
that tho separate ownership of
land might be merged into u frort
of joint-stock ownership of tho public
without injustice, was first suggested,
in England, by tho social philosopher.
Herbert Speiicr. The doctrine re
ceived a much fuller statement in this
country at tho hands of Mr. Henry
George, in a book called "Pi-ogress and
Poverty," first published in 1870. Mr.
Georgo is accounted tho founder of the
single-tax system, and is the head and
front of tho agitation.
Mr. Goorgo and his followers main
tain that, under the present system of
privato ownership of land, the burden
of poverty resting upon tho mass of
mankind grows heavier as the world
makes material progress; that in spite
of tho increase in the world's pro
ductive power, wages always tend to a
minimum which will give but a bare
living. They hold that private owner
ship of land, with tho privilege of hold
ing it for speculative purposes and of
forcing up rents as population and in
dustry advance, has tho effect to put a
monopoly of natural opportunities into
tho hands of tho land-owners. The
natural opportunities being thus
monopolized, laborers arc eotnpe'ed to
compete with each other to such an ex
tent as to force w.agesdown to tho low
est possible point.
As they hold that wages ol all classes
of laborers depend upon the productive
cultivation of tho soil, Mr. G.-orge and
his followers maintain that the true
remedy for poverty is to make the land
Thoy do not, however, propose to
disturb the occupants of land, so long
as the occupants make full use of their
land. They propose, on the contrary,
to allow the posbcssors of the soil to
continue to buy and sell and bequeath
it. But they do propose to take all tho
rent by taxation. To do this would
make the occupant of the land a ten
ant paying rout to tho Stale.
This proposition, which was first
known under tho name of "land na
tionalization," has sinco, by the com
mon consent of its advocates, become
known as tho "single-tax" movement,
the efforts of its friends having been di
rected more specifically to tho aboli
tion of all other forms of taxation.
They hold that tho removal of taxation
from iiub'stries in general would stimu
late manufactures and business, at the
same timo that it destroyed specula
tion in land, to such an extent that the
general prosperity would ho immensely
increased and wages greatly raised.
They hold that tho revenue from tho
single tax would be so large as to ena
ble the Government to maintain schools
and colleges, build and operate rail
roads and telegraphs, and do many
things which it doos not now engage
Their plan, also, of courso, being a
"single tax." involves tho abolition of
tariffs upon imports. The "slnglo-tax"
men aro absolute free-traders.
Tho agitation for tho "single tax,"
or against privato ownership of hind,
Is hy no means confined to the United
States. It has mado much headway in
Great Britain, and is very strong in tho
Australian colonies, whore ono colony.
South Australia, ha by law limited
municipal taxation to unimproved land
values. Youth's Companion.
Where Cow-Bells Are Made.
Colliusvillo, 111., is a groat place for
cattle bells. That cow bolls nro mado
and do not grow on trees or olsowhoro
seems to surprise some people, but
there nro four establishments in the
United States which aro oxcluslvoly
devoted to the manufacturo of that res
onant article, and two of theso aro
Colliusville. Ono hundred and fifty
dozen ai nod out daily and thou
sands o' m danglo from tho nooks
of in.' ito cows all over tho prai
ries o . orth and South America. The
manufacturo of cow-bolls Is eullroly
distinct from that of othor bolls. In
stead of being molded tho motal is
rolled into sheets, cut into symmetric
al polygons, which, whon folded, nro
pressed into their woll-known form.
Having boon rlvottod thoy aro noxt
packed in clay and brought to a whlto
boat. Whon suddonly coolod theso
6teol bells nro found to bo not only
tempered, but also bountifully brazed.
St. Louis Post-Dlspatoh.
-Blind boys iu tho Pittsburgh (Pa.)
nayhim aro bolng taught to rldo on tho
bicycle. Under tho leadership of tho
superintendent, n bicycling class has
beon formed, aud tho members rocont
ly took an outing trip of ton milos on