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About The Oregon scout. (Union, Union County, Or.) 188?-1918 | View Entire Issue (May 9, 1889)
FROM THE CAPITOL.
PRESIDENTIAL APPOINTMENTS IN
Increase of Pensions Admlrat Klmber
ly'a Heport to the Department
Easter Monday at tho
Zuch Montgomery will practice law at
( Alex It. Morrison, of Mexico, will be
appointed timber agent.
Secretary Rlaino is Buffering from a
Blight attack of lumbago.
The Chinese minister at Washington
is soon to give n farewell ball.
E. W. Carson, of Spokano Falls, W. T.,
lias been granted a pension.
John T. Lobaugh has been appointed
postmaster at Pullman, W. T.
Ex-Congressman 15. .1. Ellis, of tanis
iana, died suddenly last Thursday.
Julia A. L. Castro has been commis
sioned postmistress at New Era, Or.
Easter Monday is always children's
day atthc White House and grounds.
The president was overwhelmed with
ofliec-seekcrs and other callers last week.
The npK)intment of W. C. Hunt has
1)cen recommended as statistical expert.
First Comptroller Durham severed his
connection with tho treasury department
on the 22 inst.
Tho senate committee on our relations
with Cunaday, will start for tho Pacific
Coast in a few days.
Prominent republicans think an extra
session of congress will bo convened by
the president in October.
The president has npixdnted Willis
Sweet, of Idaho, attorney for the United
Suites for that territory.
President and Mrs. Harrison enter
tained vice-Presidoiit and Mrs. Morton
at dinner, last Wednesday.
Charles .1. Gofl' has been appointed
special agent of tho treasury department
lor tlie lur sea isiuihib in iiuHiiu.
At Higltv, Hinglium county. Idaho, a
new postolilco has been established, and
John Parks appointed postmaster.
J. L. Stoddard, pesent disbursing of
ficer of the department of labor, has been
recommended as disbursing oflicer of the
No apprehension is felt at the navy
department respecting tho non-arrival of
the Monongahola and Hrooklyn at their
Tho president has appointed tho fol
lowing K)stmasters: Edward Anger, at
Ilailoy, Idaho, and George P. Cook, at
Second Assistant Postmaster General
"Whitford has under consideration tho
establishment of several star mail routes
On tho 21st inst.. President Harrison
received a delegation of Southern repub
licans, among the number being sever:'.!
well know n colored men.
Tho secretary of state is informed that
Russia will send delegates to the Marino
Conference, which meets at Washington
on the 18th of October next.
Commissioner of Pensions Tanner last
week rendered a decision by winch tho
tension of Henrv Dembetz will bo in
creased from $30 to .$72 per month.
The resignation of Nicholas M. Hell
superintendent of the foreign mail service
m tho posio ico ue panuioni. nan uceu
accepted by tho postmaster-general.
Ailmlnil Kimherlv has forwarded to
the naw department a report from Chief
Kierstedt, stating thai tno engine oi mo
Nipsio has been tried and worKou wen.
Tho naval loard unpointed to select a
site for a naw van! on the Northwest
coast, having completed its labors, havo
returned to their respective lonueriiuiics
Tho president has appointed as the
comm tteo to negotiate with tho woux
Indians, Dakota, Hon. William Warner,
of Kansas City, and lion. Charles FoBter,
Tho acting comptroller of tho currency
liaB authorized tho Washington iNiuiona
ltnnk. of Tacoina. Washington territory
to beinn business with a capital of
Tho secretary of war has orderod tho
commanding otlicers at all tho military
iiohIh In lire a national salute of thirty-
eight L'uns Anril iiO. tho Centenary of
Consul General Walter, at London, in
hubs report to tho department ol state
says there has boon a general revival of
trade and commerce throughout the
The following residents of tho Pacific
Coast have been granted pensions : Wash
ington Territory Joel Hradlov, Im Cen
ter. U aho Mex can survivor, joiiii
Green, Holso Harracks.
f Roornbirv ltnnk- Iiiih unpointed Dr. G
E. Morrow, of Campaign, HI., to repre
sent the Agricultural Department at tho
Jubilee show of the Royal Agricultural
Society to bo held in England this sum
mer. Commissioner Stockslager, of tho gen
eral laud ollico, says that from present
indications the contests over laud claims
in Oklahoma would ultimately involve
nearly every quarter Bectlon of land in
Corjwral Tanner, commissioner of pen
hIohs, rendered an important division on
tho 22d inst., in imssiiig upon the appli
cation of John Webb late private of Com
pany 1), Indiana camlry, for an increase
of pension from $24 to f 10 per moutl.
Secretary Windom authorized tho com
missioner of Immigration at Philadelphia,
to use tho immigrant fund in meeting all
proper exjK'iises in giving relief todestl
into immigrant passengers of tho wrecked
Bteainor Daninark, brought to Philadel
phia on tho steamer Missouri.
Tho major general coiiiiniindffig tho
army lias Issued an order that hereafter
all arniB, ordnance and ipiiirteriiuiHter
stores und camping oqutimgo issued to
states mid territories Iks turned over to
tho quartermaster's detriment for truiiB
portatlou, to lw borne by tho government.
Secretary Noble Iiiih requested that all
action iigHlnat the Missoula Mercantile
Coiiiiwiiy and tho Nortlteru Puelllo Hall
KHid (or Uiutxtr treNpasH on public lauds
in Montana bo siwimndod until the hiiiiiu
miu Im Invwtlwtod, Over forty million j
Urt ot ium In involved,
JIOJIK AX I AHIlO.ll.
Hundreds of Boomers to tb Oklahoma
District Rournlntf HoavjrHall
storm In Georgia Notes.
Albert M. Froy,
died last week.
the pool champion,
The sanitary commission has reached
The Michigan legislator has passed the
anti-dressed beef bill.
The old board of directors of the Union
Pacific has been re-elected.
Four murderers escaped from the
Wichita, Kan., jail, last week.
Hundreds of disappointed Oklahoma
boomers are on the back track.
Tin sleeping car interests are to bo
united in one enormous concern.
Jackson, Miss., after being dry nearly
two and a half years, is again a wet town.
For the fourth time in English history
the title of the Duke of Huckingham has
Tho monastry of Melk, in Austria, has
just celebrated the HOOtli anniversary of
Ngns of effort to establish a Whisky
Trust havo become manifest in the
The City of Mexico proposes to follow
New York's example and clear the streets
of wires and poles.
Otto Falko has started iu a small boat
from Hangor to New Orleans. Tho trip
is made on a wager.
Tho heaviest hail and rainstorm ever
known iu that section of country, fell in
Atlanta, Ga., on the 24th.
Tho fellows who crowd tho White
House to keop certain other fellows from
getting ollico are called "spikors."
Claim-jumpers in Oklahoma are creat
ing considerable trouble, and several of
them have been killed in consequence.
The Russian Czar is suffering from ex
treme nervousness and excitement, being I
in constant dread ot attempts on his hie.
A Swedish laborer who landed in New
York a few days ago, was shipped back
to Sweden under tiio contract Labor law.
A remonstrance from leading property
owners against an elevated road in Bos
ton, is published in the papers of that
Lord Hrownlow denies that ho has ac
cepted tho viceroyship of Ireland. Ho
says that he has never been offered the
C. J. Smith has been appointed general
manager of the Oregon Hallway & Navi
gation Company, with headquarters at
It is officially announced that Prince
Ferdinand, nephew of King Charles, has
been selected as heir to the throne of
Tho Farmer's Allianco of Miss'ssippi
ban obtained room iu the penitentiary
building to operate a bagging factory of a
capacity of 5U00 yards a day.
A bill is pressed in the legislature of
Michigan to establish the business of
twine manufacturing iu the state prisons.
These movements are hostile to trusts.
Hotilanger says he fled from Paris be
cause tho government had formed a plot
to assassinate him, and railing in that, to
sentence him to death by a one-tided
Tho French Ambassador at Homo has
just discovered there a famous portrait of
Voltaire that has been missing for more
than half a century. It represents him
iu his youth.
Topoka, Kan., has the largest electric
railway system in tho world. There are
sixteen and a half miles of track in oper
ation, and a speed of lifteen miles an hour
can le attained.
The Mammoth hotel at Rockaway
beach, which was built by tho Hookaway
Hcadi Improvement Company iu 1870,
has been sold for $20,000. The building
will be torn down.
There were more than 17,000 Bidoons
iu Ohio. Under the olioy ot taxation by
regulation this uumler has been reduced
one-half and the revenuu amounts to
$2,500,000 a year to tho btato.
Tho debtor who does not pay in Shun
must become the slave of his creditor,
who charges him from lf to 30 per cent a
year, puts him in chains and takes his
work as the interest of his debt.
Applicants for country postodices aro
now sending their photographs to Wash
ington to bo tiled with their papers of in
dorsement. It is noticed that nearly all
photos represent very good looking mon.
The Connecticut State Hoard of Chari
ties has investigated charges made
against oflicers ot tho state prison of
Weathersllold, and a shameful state of
immorality and lack of discipline was
The Texas Spring Palaco at Fort Worth.
Texas, will be opened on tho 20th of May.
its ohjct is toexhihit loxas to the eo
pie from other states, and to induce men
and women to see the South for thorn
solves. Grand Old Man Gladstone is to bo hon
ored with a emit natural monument.
The highest peak of tho Fiuisterro range
in .New utiinca is to bo christened .Mount
Gladstone. It is said no whito man has
yet reached its summit.
Count Paponhoitn, formerly adjutant
to the late King Ludwlg of Havana, is
reported to have absconded to America
with the funds he obtained by the sale of
estates, leaving a large number of credi
tors to bewail his llight.
Governor Taylor, of Tonnesseo. has
vetoed the bill providing for tho removal
of the state penitentiary. The measure
was regarded as the first step toward tho
alxilitlon of the convict lease system and
the governor has raised a storm ol popu
Observations niton tho sway of tall
hlnmcvs during high winds s'how that
one of 115 feet in height and four feet in
total diameter, at the top waved twenty
inches during a heavy gale, and another
104 feet liich, but with a six and a halt
feet diameter of Hue. moved through mi
arc of only six and u half inches,
The Department of Agriculture at '
uwUuiRton has decided to send uu ex
iKrt to Southern California to inveatiguto
the new vino disease, having U'on un
able to make anything of the aixH-imens
sent to Washington und it lietnir thought
udvlsablu to experiment Uhju fresh sjkjc-
THE PACIFIC COAST.
HACKMEN OP PORTLAND ORGANIZE
Government Land Thron Open for Sot
tloment Steamer Sunk Railway
Notes Disastrous Collision
Items of Interest.
Petroleum has been struck at Ukiali.
Frasno has organized a Tally-ho club'
San Diego complains of the price paid
Pneumonia is plentiful in Hawthorne,
The plant for tho creosote works at San
J'cdro has arrived.
It has been so far a bad year for bar-
racouda in southern waters.
The hiK'kmen of Portland are to or
ganizo a protective association.
ihe cutworms has appeared in some
some of tho California vineyards.
.Many .Nintu Kosa ladies have been vic
tims of endowment associations
Konrad Frederick Wiemeyer, editor of
tho bacraincnto Journal, died last week
San Diego county bee men say the
prospects were never better than this
There is a report that the oil wells at
Sespe are not yielding as much oil as for
Tho mayor of Portland and city council
are at outs respecting the location of a
William Hamilton, a prominent ranch
er of Grub Gulch, Fresno county, died
Yosemito was connected by telegraph
with tho outside world last week for the
Santa Cruz has fixed the liquor license
at $200 per annum, and the circus license
at $250 a day.
Two fomalo tramps, who carry their
blankets and sleep in barns, are doing
Mulky's Tom Daly, Little Dock and
Butcher Hoy were the winners of tho races
at Fresno on the 18th inst.
Frankio Joesink. a 10-year-old ho
tinder a moving Height tram
inunto, recently, and was killed.
Los Angeles last vear shipped away
8005 tons of citrus fruits and imported
from tho East 7021 tons of beer.
Mrs. George lovelock was drowned
whilo fishing in a slough near her resi
dence, on Humboldt river, Nov., last
Tho commission to fix a sito for the
insano asylum for Southern California
voted for a locality last week, but as eacli
voted for his own county, no result was
At Victoria. H. C, on the 23d, the cor
ner stone of tlie Provincial Royal Jubilee
hospital was laid by Mrs. Nelson, wifo of
Austin A. Hull, a prominent and very
wealthy citizen of Seattle, W. T., com
mitted "suicido on the 24th inst., by shoot
ing himself tlrough the head.
Corbett and Choynski, San Francisco
pngilsts, havo signed articles to meet in
a tight to a finish for a purse of $1000 a
side, Queonsberry rules to govern.
A disastrous cohesion occurred at
Thompson Falls, on the Northern Pacific,
on Monday last, in which tho engineer,
tiremau and brulcemau were injured.
Charles Mint, an Italian fisherman at
Seattle W. T., was arrested last Tuoiduv
for attempting to rape Mabel Gilford, tho
5-year-old daughter ot a Iiiuiidryinan of
lion. John l . bwitt, the nowiy ap
pointed minister to Japan, accompanied
by his wife, left San Francisco on the
steamer Oceanic, last week, for his now
Held of labor.
Governor Stevenson's call for a consti
tutional convention, to bb held at Hoiso
flitv. .Inlv 4. has been iinanimnuslv on
dorsed by tho republican territorial cen
Albert J. Cody, who bit off a portion
of Joseph Monti's lower lip, in a fight
last month at Portland, has K'on con
victed of mayhem. Tho penalty is next
to that for murder.
N. Cooper was cut to pieces recently by
a California halfhreed Indian named Hen
Jones, at Colony ranch, Harvy county,
Or. Thoy were apparently very friendly
a few minutes bel'oro the killing.
Tho Orogon Railway it Navigation
company is pushing its line through the
tho Cujur d'Aleno reservation and Cieur
d'Aleue mountains to Mullen. About
two thousand men aro employed.
Tho steamer Alliance, owned bv tho
Portland & Coast Steamship Company,
had a collision with tho steamer Danube
on Thursday last, near tho Willamette
slough, In which tlie Alliance was sunk.
Frank Saiifnrd who killed himself at
San Rafael last week, was a son of Hon.
Stephen Sanford, and a cousin of Con
gressman Sanford of Amsterdam, N. Y.,
which place he left to avoid divorce pro
ceedings. A new railroad company, known as the
Hockford & SiKikane Falls, has been or
ganized to build from. Rockford, twenty-
five miles, to Sokano Falls. lion com
pleted it will open a now lino to Portland
via Fatinington and Pendleton.
At Seattle, W. T.. on the 23d inst., the
government authorities advertised two
townships of valuable tiinlnir laud to bo
thrown open for settlement. The rush
for tho land ollico almost cqtiallud tho
frantic rush of the laud-seekers to Okla
homa. The granting of a franchise for street
railway lines to the Villanl syndicate by
tho City Council of Tacoina. W. T re
cently, has created a sensation in that
city, inasmuueh as it gives the syndicate
practical control of ubotit tuonty miles of
the public highways and makes tho fran
chise exclusive for llfty years.
There Is a bitter court-houso war in
Whitman county, W. T. Colfax is tho
present county seat and wants to build a
now court-house, Tho rest of tho county
wants a division of the county. The
county commissioners orderod tho county
to m landed for ftlf,0O0, und opiwsitlon
meetings tiro Mug held iu all the other
towns, und there is much excitement iu
IIO.IIF. AXU FAK.ll.
The Nursery Toilet Tlie Care of Poultry
The Pruning Season Farm
1 1 provements.
Plants require their food in a soluable
condition. No matter how much manure
is added to the soil, onlv the soluable por
tions are used. The solids can not be of
benefit until they decompose and aro dis
solved by the moisture.
Knitting silk has been found to wash
better than embroidery silk, and so
makes more serviceable outliningon dam
ask cloths for the figure. Monograms on
doylies aro worked with yellow silk, in
large letters, at the middle.
Poultry need a good, dry dusting place.
They like it better on a" level with the
floor of tho poultry-house than to climb
into a box. Over-feeding or keeping on
corn and other fattening food is quite as !
frequent n cause for hens failing to lay as j
lack of food. "
Pruning when dormant tends to im
part vigor, but if done when growing or !
in leaf it checks growth, i n 1 therefore a ,
feeble tree should never be pruned after
growth commences in the spring. Hut
healthy, strong growers may be lightly i
pruned at either season. " i
There is no lack this season of pretty,
linirgs for thin black materials. Silk, is'
of course, the most desirable, and one I
sufficiently good can be pin chased at 50 '
cents a yard. There aro silk-finished !
muslins, sateens and other cotton fabrics
that look quito well under grenadine, or
other diaphanous fabric, but silk had
better be always used for waist lining, as '
any other material is apt to stain the
skin and underclothing in warm weather, j
Farmers have a much greater sphere i
of influence on tho flavor of milk pro -
duced than they suppose, or they uo
willing to admit. Tho reason why "a cer
tain number of consumers in all largo
cities are willing to pay what, to a farmer
or an average consumer, may seem ex
traordinary prices is becaus'e they get
butters of high flavors which are always
uniform. The makers of these butters
nearly all use clover or meadow hav and
corn meal, in varying proportiens witli
other coarse fodder and meals.
Lemon Shortcake: Make a shortcake'
dough exactly like a strawberry short-1
cako. While that is baking grate the
peel of a lemon and squeeze every drop
of juice from it into tlie bowl, then take
half a cup of sugar and half a cup of mo
lasses, a teacupful of water, a little lump
of butter and a tablespoonful of four.
Let this boil until it is justabout as thick
as a boiled custard. When the suortcano
is haKcd cut it in two parts, and pour tho
mixture over the lower one, then lay the
upper part on this, bottom side up", and
over that also with custard.
Brown bread, which may be also served
as a pudding, is made bv taking one cup
of molasses, one teaspoonful of soda dis
solved in a hull cupful of boiling water;
stir this in tho molasses until it is thor
oughly mixed with it, then add three
parts ol graham Hour to one ot corn meal
in sufficient quantity to make a batter, to
this add a tablespoonful of melted lard.
Steam this four hours. If you wish to eat
it hot in place of bread, dry it in the oven
for fifteen minutes; if for pudding, serve
it fresli from the steamer with a sour
Fresh salads: Fresh salads ought to
lio long in water; tho withered only long
enough to crisp them. The outside leaves
aro thrown away, the inner ones parted,
well rinsed and examined, and, it neces;
sarv, plunged into salt and water tor a
fow minutes, which will quickly free the
leaves of any insects that may cling
to them. They may be thrown "into a
colander or salad basket to drain, ami
thence into u napkin held by its four
corners and shaken lightly until it ab
sorbs the water hanging about tho leaves.
Handle the salad as little as possible in
cutting. Do not mix it with dressing
until tho moment of serving, and then it
is usual to put the liquids at tho bottom
of the bowl and stir it up just before serv
ing. Salads of fish, meat or potatoes
are better made half an hour before thoy
aro used, except such as are mixed with
leaf salad. Let chives or onions be
handled apart when used, not mixed in,
as so many object to the flavor.
Tho Nursery Toilet: Some ono should
make a protest against tho sopping of.
children's hair with water, or using a'
wet brush in dressing their hair, to save !
tho nurso or mother somo trouble in ar-!
ranging it. ater constantly ovaporat
ing from tho surface affects tho natural (
circulation, the color and oil of the hair;
it should bo used on the scalp only, to
cleanse it, or at llxed times to wash tho i
hair, and this preferably at night, when I
tho head can bo well covered up to avoid j
taking cold. It will bo found quito dry i
in the morning. The use of hot water, !
instead of cold, for cleansing tho scalp j
and hair may bo recommended. Hot;
water is a stimulant and should givo tho !
hair a good color. It is known that sul-1
phur is a conionent part of the natural J
color of the hair, and somo of the hot
water hair dressers avow that thoy can
distinctly smell the sulphur developed by'
this process in the hair with tho hand !
rubbing that accompanies its use. Hair
dries more quickly also, after the hot'
water application than tho cold. Hut bo I
sure to pin the head up after rubbing
iu a towel, which can lo removed and
replaced, if it becomes wet. If salt bo
applied, it should be in this way. Occa
sionally this application will give a sound
sleep to restless or fatigued heads.
The best and the shortest wav to im
prove a farm is to reduce the stock, plow
your fallows in winter so that the soil
will Ihj warm and dry and thp subsoil de-
couiposed early in the spring. Harrow
won and then sow ten or twelve auarts of
grass Heed to tho aero when you put in
your oats. If all take, your chance is
good for obtaining from five to ten acres
of oats and a Held of grass. Then pre
pare us many acres for rye-sowing, pro
vided your land is not good enough for
wheat, and the two crops will giveou
all the straw you need, and the corn field, '
Willi usual good luck, will producp enough
to fatten stock. At tho end of tho sea-'
son you will have tho produce from tlf-,
teen to twenty acres of land, represented i
iu oats, corn and iotatoes, and as many
acres sown with rye and wheat. Keep just I
stock enough to eat up the produce iu grain 1
and hay, and aftor gathering your next ,
year s crop of hay and grain, covering say
llfty acres of your farm of ono hundred
acres, you may think of adding as many '
head of cattle as your farm will sustain
without purchasing heavily of foreign
supplies. Hy tho end of tho fourth year'
you are ready to put iu a crop of wheat
und save plowing up your Iwttom
meadow, you have re-seaded your whole '
farm ami are now ready to enlargo your 1
dulry and ut the end of ten years your 1
laud ought to bo in a condition to double
vour crops und tho number of vour cattle, i
This is in rotation. I
THE ODTLOOK VERY PROMISING
FOR THE FARMER.
Fresh Fruits and Vegetables In Good
Demand Sugars Have Advanced
Wools In tho Interior
The condition of the locai'mctvhiindise
market continues to be active, and shows
that Portland is getting its fair share of
the expanding trade of the country trib
utary to it, while the favorable spring
weather gives every indication of another
Iwuntiful harvest. Sugars have advanced
tt,'e all-round. Provisions are steady at
former quotations. Fresh fruits and veg
etables of all khids find ready sale. Dried
fruits are selling fairly well, Oregon
prunes especially. In dairy produce and
poultry the market is about steady, while
wools in the interior are held too high by
.'1 or 4 cents per iotind. Tho grain mark
et is rather quiet, but flour remains steady
ami in demand at quotations for standard
brands. We quote:
Sugars, Golden C 7'jC extra C 7$e,
dry granulated SV, cube, crushed and
)ovdered ilcijj'. Coffee: Costa Hica21
22.c, Hio 22.i2.1e, Java 25a27e, Mocha
2S(g31c, Arbitckle's roasted 25-?4C
Oregon ham 121.1c, breakfast ba
' con 12ac, sides lOalO'.jC, shoulders S1
)c. Eastern ham l'J!4&'Mc,
fast bacon 12e. sides 1010J2e
Navel oranges .4.7o, Riversides $3.25.
California lemons $3.5U4 per box.
Potatoes 30(f40c, onions l?.j'a2c per
rheuoarb lUc, tomatoes .?2.o0 per lxx.
Apples 5(?Gc, sliced !c. apricots 13
14c, peaches S10e, pears 8c, Italian, 8c,
silver 7c, German (i0jnC, plums 57o.
California figs 8c.
Hotter. Oregon fancy 25c, medium 20e,
Eastern 22c, California lStOc.
Chickens .f4(i.50, ducks .f 1011 per
doz., geese !fl012, turkeys are 3c higher
at 20 per It..
Valley H5al7c, Eastern Oregon 1015o.
Wheat, Vallev .fl.25al.27!C, Eastern
$1.15al.l7J2- Oats 3031c.
Standard $4.25, other brands $3.93.
Hav $13(S,14 per ton, bran $14al.r,
shorts !fl5al0. barley $22.50 24, mill
Heef, live. o!c, dressed 7c, mutton,
live, 3jC, dressctl 7c, lambs $2.50 e. ch,
hogs live (5c, dressed veal 0jo.
Deep or Shallow Plowing.
For many years I havo found ft a
great advantago to plow in tho follow
ing way: For corn I plow in spring ns
near livo inches deop ns I can, if it is
sod manured. Thus I got tho uso of
tho manure early in tho season. I can
work tho ground, and by capillary at
traction tho moisture can como from be
low, which can not occur when tho
plowing is dono eight inches deep or
more. This is u vory important point.
In plowing deop it takes throo horsos,
whon tho ground gets hard, and ofton
tho fnrinor can not got tho third horso.
I havo novor failed to boat my neigh
bors in crops of corn whon thoy plow
od deop, say eight or ton inches. Tho
following spring plowed for oats
from oight to ton inches deop. turning
tho corn stalks down and kooping tho
manure in thoraiddlo of tho furrow, as
it wero. At this time of spring it is
easy on a team, and can bo dono well.
Tho noxt full, whon tho ground is hnrd
and tho woathor is hot, I plow for wheat,
five inches only, and plow the manuro
up. Tho ground will bo mellow thon
and easily packed to that dopth for a
seod bed. 1 havo found by following
this course that good crops followod.
J. H. Machamor, in Ohio Fnrmor.
Knew Their Sensitive Point
"Thoy talk a groat doal nbout
beautiful womon of Baltimore,"
tho strangor In tho Monumontal City as
ho loaned up against a lamppost to rest
himsolf. "This must bo ono of tholr
days for staying in tho house. Tvo
walked all ovor this town to-day and
havon't soon half a dozen women that
would bo called good looking oven in
Tho mob that quickly collected had
fastened ono end of a ropo to tho top of
a lamppost and was about to tie tho
other ond around lib nock whon tho
strangor, with wonderful prosenco of
mind, romarkod emphatically:
"Hut thoro is ono thing I will say
about Haltlmora It's tho only placo
in tho country whoro thoy know how to
cook terrapin and ciinvass-back duck."
In less than live minutes his arm had
noarlv boon shiikon off him by tho
wildly enthusiastic crowd, and
accepte! a hundred invitations
nor. Chicago Tribune.
"Whcrcvor sheep feed, now sweot
grasses flourish anil weeds are destroyed.
For this reason farmers should niise
moro of them, if for no other. Hut there
are several other und equally good rea
sons why eyory fanner should havo its
flock of these useful animals.
It has lioeu claimed that some of the
lxst cheeses, such as llockcfort, lire made
from ewe's milk. Goats are used in Ger
many for loth milk and cheese, while in
England the shows are nowoHn to dairy
gouts for comictition, somo of them
yielding larger quantities of milk than
ordinary scrub cows.
OUR GLORIOUS COUNTRY.
Wlint ,mrrlci llm Dono fur tlm Crumb
IIiijT Mnimrchlr f Hiiropp.
Not long ago I read in thnt hyper
critical English journal, tho Spectator,
that America had added tho potato, a
gift, as tho writer said, of doubtful
value, and maize to tho food of man.
but tho Spectator doubted whether tho
course of European history had in re
ality been much improved by the happy
stumbling, ns ho called it. of tho fifteenth
century navigators upon two gneat con
tinents. That is thoroughly English,
Those two vasteontinonts, with their
boundless prairies and pampas, with
their extended lakes, their navigablo
and hemisphere-embracing rivers,
mountains tilled with iron, coal, silver,
gold and marble; lying undisturbed in
primeval quiet and unproductiveness,
furnishing a hunting ground for tho
roving and untutored aborigines, havo
been subdued by man and dedicated to
industry, to agriculture, commerce,
manufacturing, mining, arts, scioueo,
free institutions and Christian civiliza
tion, and nro turning out millions and
millions for tho benefit of the world.
Hut that is a mere material and physi
cal contribution. In tho Old World men
vrero fettered and oppressed by human
ambitions, dynastic superstitions, inef
fable disdain of human rights, degrading
and blasphemous assumption that who
ever governs you his religion shall be
yours, whilo padlocks wero placed on
immortal minds and aspirations wero
cruelly repressed. In America our
forefathers had a tabula ram on which
to write laws and institutions moro in
accordance with tlie teachings of tho
Now Testament and with the inaliena
blo rights of man. This country in
largo degreo has been rid of the ex
hausting machinery of military con
quest, of oligarchy, aristocracy, priest
craft and privilege Wo havo liberty
of press, liberty of speech, liberation
of marriage from the exclusive control
of the priesthood, and liberty of educa
tion. American ideas aro pervading,
uplifting and regenerntiiit,' the effete
institutions of tho Old World. Princi
ples dimly discerned by seers havo
boon practically applied. Much of th?
progress in civil and political a Tail's
in Europe during tho last one hundred
years has had its genesis and inspira
tion in the great ideas embodied in
American institutions. The overthrow
of the crushing and dehumanizing
despotism of class distinction has como
from tho stimulus of American exam
ple, and old abuses and tyrannies have
succumbed before our successful ex
periments ot popular government.
The discovery of America lias given
to us tho mastery of tho ocean. Tho
victory has been accomplished slowly.
Stop by stop, timidly hugging the
shore, venturing fearfully across chan
nels and narrow seas, navigation has
advanced. The obstacles havo been
numerous, and efforts were often buflled.
In olden times nc plux ultra was in
scribed on tho pillars rf Hercules by
fear or avarico or superstition. Sam
son, in blind strength, seized tho pil
lars of tho temple, and he and the tem
ple wero crushed. The daring navi
gator whom wo commemorate by this
celebration uprooted the pillars of Hor
eules, with sublime faith boro them
across the untraveled Atlantic, planted
tbem on these western shores; and
Spain, catching the inspiration of the
grand deed, inscribed ou her banner in
tho spirit of our American Excelsior,
the nobler device, plus ultra beyond
and still beyond. Hon. J. L. M. Curry,
ox-Minister to Spain, in an address at
tho banquet of tho Hoard of Promotion
for tho Celebration of tho Four Hun
dredth Anniversary of tho Discovery
of America, held in Washington, D. C.
HUNTING FOR HEADS.
A Vicious Ilulilt rrovHlllnjr Anion); New
Tho bad habit somo savages havo of
cutting off the heads of any strangors
who fall in their way simply becuuso
heads aro required to adorn thoir sa
cred houses or to servo in tho dedicato
ry exercises of thoir war canoes, has
tragically ended the careers of a num
ber of white men within the past year.
Tho latest news from Now Guinea is
that Mr. Armstrong, an Englishman,
was recently lured to ono of tho coast
islands, whore ho was decapitated and
his head sent to tho coast chief
proofs that tho islanders wore attend
Ing to business. About a year ago a
brave in ono of tho wild tribes on the
Indian frontier was not permitted to
wed tho maiden of his choice, becuuso
her relatives wero of tho opinion that
ho had not acquired a sulllciont numbor
of heads to demonstrate his prowess.
It was agreed that when ho could show
two moro heads ho might havo tho
girl, and so ho sallied forth to win rep
utation and a bride. It happened that
tho tirst strangers tho bravo and his
party encountered wore Lieutenant
Stownrt of tho Hritish army and his
small escort, who wero led into an am
bush and slaughtered, and tholr heads
taken back iu triumph to tho village
This was tho cap sheaf of a series of
head-hiintlng outrages, und the bravo
had not long onjoyod his honoy-moou
beforo an Indian expedition fell upon
tho tribe and gavo it somo now views
on the ethics of howl-hunting. This fa
vorite pastlmo has nourished greatly at
Horneo, but U is now in a bad way in tho
Hritibh part of that island, whoro tho
penalty of death is visited upon overy
heud-huifor who is unlucky enough to
bo caught. A whilo ago tho Hritfch
authorities, iu settling a disputo be
tween two tribes, found that ono vil
lage persisted iu head-hunting because
tho other fellows hud three heads thQ
advantage of them. Tho accounts wero
baluncod by a small supply of trade
goods, and tho rival honil.Tiiintnmi
jiromlsod thereafter to live iu amity.