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About The Oregon scout. (Union, Union County, Or.) 188?-1918 | View Entire Issue (March 21, 1889)
SENATOR RIDDLEBERQEB TENDER8
The Frantic Scramble for Office Spring
er the Recipient of a lHsather Med
alThe Republican Major
ity In the House.
No wine was served nt the inaugural
The proceeds cf tho innugural ball .were
Whitelaw Reid will, It is said, be ap
pointed minister to England.
Ex-Governor Porter, of Indiana, will
bo apjointed minister to Koine.
Senator Ingalls was elected president
pro tern of tho senate Thursday.
Tiie Republicans have a majority of
three in the IlouBe of Representatives.
Attorney-General Garland will locate
in New "York and resume tho practice of
Justicz Stanley Matthews, of the su-
ireme court, is reported to be dangerous
Judgz Gresham will be appointed to
the supreme bench to fill the first va
cancy. A delegation is in Washington for the
purpose of nn early change in Arizona's
The new British minister, Sir Julian
Pauneefoto, will arrive in Washington
The colored man appears to be quite
numerous around Washington since the
Ex-Rcprcsentative Wren, of Nevada, is
being urged for commissioner of the gen
eral land office.
It is assorted that Mr.. Kasson will rep
resent tho United States at Berlin ill the
Congressman Springer has beqn 'pre
sented with an elaborate leather medal
by admiring Dakotans.
The supremo court has continued tho
case of Cliao Chang Ping from the Uth
to the 25th of this month.
Postmaster-General Wannaniaker has
purchased tho Frelinghuvsen mansion in
Washington for $80,000. "
A resolution has been introduced in
the senate for tho purchase of $4,000,000
worth of silver bullion a month.
James II. Beatly, of the Wood river
mining district, is in Washington a can
didate for the Idaho governorship.
The scramble for office by the hungry
horde has compelled the President to re
strict the hours of inicellaneous callers.
Charles E. Coon, of New York, will be
appointed assistant secretary of tho
treasury, to succeed GovernorThompson.
A new chief of the railway mail ser
vice will bo appointed, and tho general
reorganization of the service entered upon.
Dr. C. C. O'Donnell, of San Francisco,
is in Washington with the viow of en
lightening the capitol on tho evil of Chi
nese. Representatives from thirteen states
were in attendance at tho national green
back conference held in Washington last
Ex-SecfaSli: Whitney, with others,
lias imrchawBhn controlling interest in'
the New York Loan and Improvement
The Government has recovered $1000
penalty from Joseph and John Lees of
Philadelphia for importing contract labor
at their mills.
The new senators sworn in are, Bar
bour of Virginia, Higgins of Delaware,
McMillan of Michigan and Marston of
Vice-Presidont Morton has bought tho
Bell residence in Washington and gavo
his check for $95,000' in payment for the
property. He will spend about $10,000
more in repairs.
The Pennsylvania roops at the inaugu
ration ceremonies "fought nobly," that
is they vanquished the polieo and de
molished all tho free lunches in town.
Last Monday President Harrison en
tered upon his official duties in earnest,
lleaeafter less time will bo accorded to
hand-shakers and chronic office-seekers.
The name "Grover Cleveland" in big
gold letters, appears on the window at
45 William street, Now York, with tho
names of Bangs, Stetson, Tracy and
Onooftho most interesting incidents
of the Inauguration day celebration at
Washington was tho initiation into tho
Grand Army of tho Republic of ex
Speaker Samuel J. Randall.
The navy department has postponed
from March 15th to April 3d the time for
receiving proposals for tho construction
of an armored coast defense vessel. The
order was Secretary Tracy's first official
Senator Riddlelmrger was forcibly
ejected from tho Senate Sunday by order
of President Ingalls. The Virginia Sena
tor was in an intoxicated condition and
could not bo prevailed upon to keep
The conduct of tho Pennsylvania mili
tia attending tho inaugural ceremonies
was marked all along by disgraceful
bcenes. Their rowdyish acts and drunken
debaucheries culminated in almost a
John H. Walsh, ox-Superintondont of
the United States Treasury, was arrested
at Washington Sunday for passing a
worthless check for $141 on Managor
Downs of tho Morton Houso in payment
of his hotel bill.
General Shorman has made an urgont
personal request of tho President that
General Josoph E. Johnston bo retained
in tho office of railroad commissioner.
Johnston surrendered to Sherman twenty-four
At tho conferonco of tho state rail
road comralBfiiouors with tho inter
state commoR'o commission, held in
Washington Thursday, a resolution was
adopted recomjnondlng the adoption of
automatic signals for tho protection of
life on till railroads,
HOME AND ABROAD.
THE TRIUMPH OP BOULANQER A
MENACE TO EUROPE.
A Niece of Chief Justice Chase Arrested
ln.Now York Tho Tragic Sequel
to an Illinois Elopement A
Remody for Rabbis.
King Milan has abdicated.
' Patrick Egan is in New York.
A black man is the champion wrestler
Nevada saloons will hereafter close at
There is a probability of an Eastern
Fifty colored men are studying for the
priesthood in Rome.
The M,aine Senate has vetoed against
the Australian Ballot 'bill.
Prince Kraptosin has settled in Lon
don for tho rest of his life.
Tho Arizona council is making itself
conspicuous by its ignorance.
The woman suffrage bill has been de
feated in tho Maine legislature.
A marked increase in hostility to
foreigners is noticeable in China. j
An epidemic of rabies has appeared
in AVetzel county, West Virginia.
Damascus has 150,000 inhabitants and
is soon to havo gas and street cars.
The German Emperor now has his
Berlin palace lighted by electricity.
Zurich capitalists are to utilize tho falls
of the Rhine for electrical purposes.
Crown Prince Alexander was pro
claimed King of Servia Thursday.
Twelve killed and twenty-oignt injured
is the result of the late Ontario bridge dis
aster. The capital stock of the Pullman Car
company has been increased to $25,000,
000. Stanhope, tho British secretary of war,
believes that a great European war is im
minent. Silver oro yielding from $5000 to $12,
000 a ton has been discovered at Maroon,
Bv the falling of a wall at Milwaukeo
Wednesday twelve firemen were crushed
Tho consolidation of tho Northern Pa
cific and tho AVisconsin Central railroads
The consolidation of the "branch lines
of tho Union Pacific centering at Ogdcn,
Nathan A. Wilson, secretary of tho
Cleveland Stove company, committed
Floquet, tho French Premier, at ono 1
timo got a small salary for getting up stuff
in a nowspaper office.
Troublo is feared between Northern
Pacific and Union Pacific workmen in
Jefferson canyon, Montana.
The Nevada legislature has passed a
bill to refund the money paid by drum
mers to sell goods in the state.
The three leading breweries of Roches
ter, N. Y., have been purchased by an
English syndicate for $3,5000,000.
It has been discovered tliJrfcBtfuice of
tho pluco or magic plant on tlPjsthmus
is a certain remedy for hydrophobia.
bodies of threo murdered women '
.covered from tho bed of the Rio ,
Grande river at El Paso, Wednesday.
V. P. Mays and J. C. Leisure, of Ore
gon, are in Washington, both candidates
for United States attorney for Oregon.
Two Chinamen wore arrested at Mil
waukeo Thursday for enticing young
girls into their dens for immoral purposes.
In London tho windows of private
houses are washed by a limited liability
company at tho rate of 8 cents a window.
, Goneral Gcorgo B. Williams, of Indi
ana has been decorated by tho Emperor
of Japan with tho order of tho Rising
General Adam Badeau is again before
the public in a lawsuit, in connection
with his work, '"The Life of General
An elopement culminated in Earlvillo,
111., Wednesday, by the man killing tho
girl, 13 years old, and then committing
Mrs. Sarah C. Leland, niece of tho lato
Chief Jwtieo Chase, was arrosted in
Now York Monday for stealing a pair of
The governor of Montana has been pe
titioned to commute the death sentence
of Godas, tho half-breed murderer, to im
prisonment for life.
Win. Cromleigh, of Lisburn, Pa., saw
his best girl at church witlianothor man,
and immediately retired and put a bullet
through his own brain.
Mrs. Ann Driscoll decapitated her sleej
ing husband and attempted to murder
her son in a fit of insanity, near Dela
fiold, Wis., Wednesday.
Tho government has forbidden large
deputations to visit General Boulanger's
house, and havo ordered tho officers not
to salute or recognizo him.
A score of petitions from fruit growers
of tho Niagara district havo been pre
sented to tho Dominion Parliament ask
ing for the r'imiKwition of duty on Ameri
can small fruits.
It is said that American loodlers in
Canada are subscribing liberally to se
cure tho defeat of tho bill introduced in
the Canadian parliament extraditing peo
ple of their kind.
Governor Luco of Michigan declares
that tho senate of that state is not legally
constituted, and refuses to sign bills
passed by tho legislature.
Tho Empress of Russia lias sent up
ward of $50,000 to the St. Petersburg Hos
pital as a thank offering for her miracu
lous escaie from death in tho recent rail
road accident to the royal train.
Mrs. Con Murphy, of Holena, Mon
tana, threw a lighted lamp at Joe Ander
son, her lover,0 Wednesday. Tho lamp
struck him over tho ear, broaking and
saturating his clothing with oil, which
took flro. His ear was nearly burned
off ami his right arm roasted to a crisp.
THE PACIFIC COAST.
SAN DIEGO'S CHIEF OF POLICE All
RESTED FOR THEFT.
A Mys'erious Yacht Engaged In Smug
gling Chinamen Roportod Upris
ing of tho Flathoads Cali
Astoria has a Curfew ordinance.
Jack Dompsoy will not go to California.
Walla Walla is to have a street railway.
Victoria protests against a duty on Hour.
A strong earthquake was felt at Guay
mas Saturday morning.
Mr. Moody's meetings in Ixh Angeles
were a success financially.-
Two wild camels are occasionally seen
near Cottonwood, A. T.
A raisin-grower of Modesto is planting
200,000 Muscat grape vines.
Richard Gird proioses to erect a beet
sugar factory at Chino, Gal.
Washington's constitutional conven
tion will ho held in Washington.
Work on the Sokane Palls and North
ern railroad commenced last week.
Mrs. Upham, aged nineteen years,
hanged herself at Riverside last week.
Mayor Bryson, of Los Angeles, refuses
to surrender tho office to his successor.
Tokay grape? fresh from tho vine,
wero oii exhibition at Fresno last weok.
A heavy snow fall is reported on the
Bitter root and Salmon river mountains.
ligilistic brutes, yclept sporting gentle
men, have taken possession of San Fran
cisco. Trains loaded with gold seekers, bound
for lower California, leave l)s Angeles
A vicious horse with a kick killed W. J.
Handy, an old resident, at Ios Angeles
Tho San Francisco "eXaMiiiNer" af
pears to have the sinchs on tho Associa
Vigilantes assisted a young man named
Patten out of jrroyo Grande on a rail,
Northern Pacific men have acquired
complete ownership of thoTacoma street
Ex-Senator James II. Slater, who has
been dangerously ill at home at LaG ramie,
The San Francisco walking match, like
all other hobodroines of the kind, was a
Tho Canadian government is conteni-
plating defenses of a strong character on
tlio raenio uoast.
smuggling Chinamen from Victoria into
the United States.
Largo numbers of prospectors havo left
ban Diego lor the now mining district in
Governor Wattorson is being bittorlv
denounced for his action in vetoing tho
.1!..; if i mi v
Perry Bennett, 72 years old, crushed
nis wife's skull with a hatchet at Rush
ville, Cal., Tursday.
LooChuek, convicted of murder at San
Francisco, has been grantod a new trial
by tho supreme court.
Tho California IcL'isliitiirn Iiiih tnniln
the best record for asininitv of an body
of the kind on the earth.
Miss Lilian Bowers, at Garvanza, Los
Angeles, has been sustained by the courts
for flogging a boy scholar.
The San Francisco customs authorities
seized $4000 worth of opium on the steam
collier Empire Wednesday.
The mangled remains of a littlo girl
wore discovered in an unfinished build
ing at Tacoma Thursday.
William Dhron, a farmer, hanged him
self at Hollistor, Cal., last week.
Tho saloon men havo organized an as
sociation in Sacramonto for the purpose
of fighting tho high licenso law.
Goodall it Perkins proposo to build a
railroad from Watsonvillo to Moss Land
ing, and ask only the right-of-way.
Henry L. Goetan, charged with rob
bing the Sonoma, Cal., stago last Decem
ber, has been held in $10,000 bail.
Chief Avery and two membors of
the San Diego Fire department havo
been arrested for stealing shoes at a fire'
The California state lonrd of trade will
send threo Pullman cars filled with Cah
fornia products through to Great
Alejandro Sabine, sent to jail last week
at Los Angeles for contempt of court, has
appealed to President Diaz for his inter
ference. Tho Flathead Indians in Montana are
again in a dangerous mood, over tho
death of the Indian recently shot by u
Charlos Nobnian, whilo practicing with
a parlor rifle at San Francisco, Thursday,
shot and killed a man on tho opjosito
sido of tho target.
A desperate attempt to cacapo was
made by tho prisoners in tho Port Town
send jail Thursday. Ono prisoner was
shot in tho arm by the jailer.
Mrs. Nelson, of Fan Francisco, fell
from a second story landing to tho ground
Sunday. Sho laid in a soaking rain for
an hour and was picked up dead.
Charles Hamilton, the hackman who
figured in the mysterious murder ill Car
rie Bradley's bagnio in Portland six yearH
ago, was seen in San Francisco last week.
On account of a scandalous article pul
lished in a Is Angeles nowspaper, Col.
W. A. Ray has resigned tho presidency of
tho San Gabriel Valley bank of Pasadena.
Goodall, Perkins & Company havo do
cidod to givo all carpenter work, repair
ing, etc., on thuir vessels to privato firms,
ami in consequence have discharged all
Flores, for attempting to bribo whom
tho Tin Juana King is in jail at Los An
geles, is likely to bo taken ovortho border
by tho Mexicans and shot, unless Judge
FARM GLEANINGS. 1
THE RELATIVE VALUE OF FROSTED
The Normal Condition of a Short Horn
Cow An Incronsoof One Hundred
Per Cont In Production on
Well Fertilized Land.
Blackleg has appeared among the cat
tle in Modoc county, Cal.
The farmers of Illinois arc organizing
county societies for tho extermination of
Wood-moss laid on the earth around
plants is beneficial, bv retaining moist-
uro and giving the pot a neater appear
ance. Owing to the great use of the twine-
binder in harvesting, the consumption of
hemp and similar fibres has increased 25
per cent during the past year.
An irrigation svstem is to be adopted
for tho laud of the Fruto Improvement
Company in Colusa county. The main
ditch will bo'soven miles in length.
A farmer of Hartford, X. Y., has been
indicted by the Grand Jury for neglect
ing to remove and destroy some dis
eased peach trees that were in his
The production of seed is more ex
hausting to soil than the growth of vine,
and for that reason a green manurial
crop does not require to be matured. It
takes nearly as much Irom the air through
its leaves and the assistance of rains as
it takes from the soil.
Two excellent results of life on the farm
compared with life on the street, are the
humanity and economy engendered in
young people who help to feed tho many
dependents on the farm, and who find
no other way of gathering needed pennies
but by that of slow earnings and careful
The third report of the Experimental
Agricultural Station at Auburn, Ala., has
just been published. Tho profit from
ten acres of corn, fertilized, was $5.5(! per
acre, while from unfertilized it was $2.40
per acre. Other experiments Vith sweet
potatoes, ground peas, turnips and grapes
were uniformly successful.
The value of all dogs in the state of
New York is $1,000,000, says a current
nowspaper paragraph. Yes, and if it
wasn't for this $1,000,000 worth of useless
dog meat the value of the sheep of the
state of New York Mould be several mil
lions moro than it is, and tho Common
wealth that much richer.
Geese do not receive as much atten
tion as they should on farms especially
adapted to rearing water fowls. Be
sides yielding a regular income of feath
ers, thoy are ono of the most profitable
fawlft for the market. Much easier reared
than turkeys, thov sell as readily in most
seasons at as good profits.
Germany claims tho honor of having
tho oldest roso bush in tho world. It is
said that in 1071) Bishop Ilepilo caused
a trellis to ho erected to support tho bush
now climbing over tho old church at
Ileldersheim. The only certain tiling is
that tho main branch of this roso bush is.
now larger than a man's body,
Farming business generally is con
ducted on a looso and slovenly basis,
with an absence of economical methods
that surprises every man that comes to
this country fully posted as to tho meth
ods adopted elsewhere, where men havo
to pay an annual rent for tho land and
much higher tithes and taxes than wo.
Professor Storer says a ration of thirty
lounds of pumpkin per cow daily will in
crease tho tlow anil improve tho quality
of milk. More than this quantity should
not bo given. Pumpkins are very cheap
food, as a couple of tons can bo grown fo
tho aero with the corn crop. The seeds
of tho pumpkin ought to be remove! be
The chango from an out-door run to tho
limit of a hennerv is not at all agreeablo
to the nature of fowls. Tliero they livo
and grow like houso plants palo and
delicate. The longer the aro hived to
gether tho more sickly they will bo and
the less number tho breeder will havo to
show or sell in a presontablo condition to
Raising flowers for tho manufacture of
perfumory is becoming a now industry in
Florida under tho encouragement" of
Northern capital. The two varieties of
roses grown are tho musk anil damask,
and other flowers that aro used for dis
tillation, such as tho jassamine, violets,
lillies and jonquils, aro hardy and yield
rich harvests under cultivation.
"It's no trouble to winter sheep," said
an old flock-master to us, oneo; "but tho
rub is in springin' 'em." That was be
causo he did not winter thorn well. Tho
steady cold of winter keeps tho system
koyed up, and the poorest feed is 'eaten
with some relish and benefit; hut unless
tho sheep has been kept on a high level
tho warm, debilitating breath of spring
will let it down fatally.
There is much difference in tho milk
of different animals and breeds, and
much depends uK)n tho food and condi
tion of tho cow. It is very unusual to
find less than 2.5 or moro than 8 per cent
of lat, less than 5 or moro than 30 per
cent, of tho volume of tho mi.k, of cream,
less than 10.5 or moro than 17 per cent,
of solids, or less than 83 or moro than
80.50 por cent, of water in pure milk.
Professor Green, of tho Minnesota State
Agricultural college, has completed his
experiments to ascertain (ho relative
value of frosted grain for seed. His re
port shows that from 40 to 00 per cont of
the total amount planted will Hprout and
grow. Ho says that tho experiments
may lo relied upon, and hereafter far
mers may plant frosted grain with tho
assurance that it will grow, rather than
run in debt for other seed, Tho Dal
rymples of Dakota will givo frosted seed
a thorough test.
Shorthorn breeders In sovoral western
states are discussing tho futuro of tho
breed, and comments indicate tho various
stages of education of different breeders.
Homo would arbitrarily cull herds and
condemn certain strains. Some would
feed heavier, filters would avoid inilhing
and others still, would oncouoago milk
ing. Many hare yot to learn that tho
normal condition of a Shorthorn cow is
tho milking condition and not tho
butcher condition j that tho Shorthorns
should te tested as milk cows for milk
and as steers for beef, but that breeding
cows should only bo kojrt. in breeding
condition and not in condition for tho
butcher. Overfeeding for fatness will
not only destroy milking characteristics,
but it will ulso destroy breeding.
THE LOCAL MARKET ALL THAT
COULD BE DESIRED.
Sugars Exhibit Groat Flrmno3S A Brisk
Domand for Freeh Meats Dried
Frul' a Drug In tho Market
Drop In Cutvd Meats.
The chief event of importance during)
the past week has been the strike among j
the employes ot tho river division of the j
O. R. t N. company, which hns caused a
temporary cessation of trade viih Astoria.
The dull state of the wheat market, how-!
ever, renders the situation less serious i
than it would have Iven otherwise. In,
all other respects business' is active. In
provisions the market is weak, prices,
however, remaining steady. Sugars have
advanced another stop, with the prospect
of another raise. The demand for fruits
and vegetables has been good. Receipts
in dried fruits have been meagre, on ac
count of an overstocked market. The
imiHirtation from California has had the
effect of reducing the price of butter.
Wool is a drug, with very little prospect
for tho future. Wheat is quiet and
Sugars, Golden C fSi extra C oTB'c,
cube! crushed and powdered 7c. Coffee:
Java 25c, Rio 2l)..e, Arbucklo's roasted
Oregon ham 12.j(a:13c, breakfast ba
con 13c, sides lie, shoulders 10.4Sllc.
Eastern ham 12 ,'?. 13c, Sinolairo's 13
13,'c, breakfast bacon 12,'a(cil3o, sideB
lie. shoulders 1U(UC Lard JU&
Navel oranges $4.S5r5.00, Riversido
$3.253.50. apples $1.10, lemons $5.50 per
Potatoes 3035e, onions 7075c.
Apples f(Ti(ie, sliced d'ye, apricots 13
14c, peaches 8(?U0i pears 8c, Oregon
prunes. Italian, 8c, silver 8c, German 5j
(tfOc. plums 57c. Raisins $2 per box,
California tigs So, Syrna 15c.
Butter, Oregon fancy 25c, medium 20c,
Eastern 15c, California 22c.
Chickens $5.50(', ducks $S.25 por
doz., geeso $10012, turkeys 17c per lb.
Valloy 18c, Eastern Oregon 815e.
Wheat, Valloy $1.35, Eastern $1.30.
Standard $4.50, other brands $44.10,
Hay $13015 per ton, bran $17, shorts'
$18, barley chop $2324, mill chop $18.
Beef, live, 4c. dressed 8c, mutton, livo,
4c, dressed 8c, lambs $2.50 each, hogs (3c,
dressed 77jjC, veal (lSc.
Tho Minnesota legislature decided Fri
day not to submit an amendment to tho
people in favor of prohibition.
The crazy idiots who fled to Lotfbr
California on the strengeh of an irreBpon-
Mlltln limit Mvnilli'ilt l U'lm uttri'iul tlm ri-
port of fabulous gold Holds, are returning.
Thoy all got soup as usual.
Tho Tacoma " Leger " is just begining
to get man. Aiiuougu mo war cioseu
nearly a quarter of a century ago tho
editor has hist been apprised of tho fact.
Ho is evidently red hot and tho Southern
Confedonicy had better bo careful.
It is reported that Special Agent Saun
ders, on tho Umatilla reservation, has
mado a demand for troops to enforce tho
orders regarding tho vacation of tho res
ervation by white settlers, and to quiet
threatened disturbances among tho In
dians. Tho signing of the Territorial bill puts
money into General Butler's pocnet. Ho
owns two-thirds of tho stock of tho
United States Bunting Company which
has tho making of tho flags for tno Gov
ernment offices, nnd tho additional stars
will necessitate new flags everywhere.
Tho order from tho Government nlono
will reach $200,000.
In an opinion renderzd by Justico Mil
ler of tho suprzmo court, in tho case of
tho Oregon Railway and Navigation com
pany versus thz Oregonian Railway com
pany, limited, tho court holds that tho
Oregonian company had no power to
lease its railroad, and that tho Naviga
tion company had no power to take tho
In discussing "Stock'Growing in Agri
culture, " a Western writer makes ono
jKiint which is too often disregarded. Ho
avers that tho stock-growing farm can bo
made self-supporting, which is not tho
case with all other branchefl of agricult
ure. For it must bo ' remembered that
barn-yard manure is tho basis of success
ful farming. It costs nothing hut tho
saving, and it is a complete manure for
all crop productions, and therefore in
growing food necessary for tho stock the
fertility of tho soil can bo maintained,
which otherwiso is sure to deteriorate.
"John," said u wife who was sup
posed to bo on hor doath-bed, "In case
of my death 1 think n man of your
temperament and domostlo nature,
nsido from tho (rood of tho children,
ought to marry ufain."
Do you think so, my dour?"
I certainly do, after u, reasonable
length of time."
" Well, now, do you know, my dear,
that rolloves my mind of a groat bur
don. Tho littlo widow Jenkins has
acted rather domuro toward mo over
sinco you wore taken Hick. Sho is not
tho woman that you are, of course, u
strong-minded, intelligent woman of
character, but sho Is plump and pretty,
and I am sura she would make mo a
very deslrablo wife."
Tho noxt day Mrs. John was nblo to
tit up, tho following day she wont
down-stairs, ami on tho third day sho
was pluunlny for a now droad.-
TIip Toot Wlilttlcr Soinpthlnff to Soy
on n Tlckllnh Nubjpct.
Tho poet Wlilttlcr has enunciated a
hard doctrlno In u recent letter to a
friend In regard to tho publication ot
private epistles. How It chances that
tho principles ho so emphatically lays
down are violated by tho publication,
of this particular document is not ox
plained; but it, is rather surprising",
since ho writes: "Somo years ago I
destroyed a largo collection of letters
1 hud received, not from any regard to
my own reputation, but from tho fear
that to leave thorn liable to publicity
might bo injurious nr unpleasant to
tho writers or their friends. Thoy
covered much of tho ant'-slavory
period, and the war of tho reholliour
and many of them, I know, wcroi V
strictly private and confidential. I
was not able at the time to look over
tho MSS., and 1 thought It safest to
make a bonfire of all. I havo always f?
regarded u private and confidential
let'er as sacred, ami its pnlmcity in.
anv shape a shameful breach of trust.
unless authorized by tho writer. I ?
only wish my own letters to thousands K
of correspondents may bo as carefully
disposed of." ,
The ground hero taken is cortainly
v sufficiently high one. Tho logical
deduction from tho position of tho
writer is that most biographies aro
practically violations of tho decent re- .
servo which should surround the dead, ?
since it Is difficult to believe that thoro .
exists u modern biography which docs ,
not owo its Information largoly to
what Mr. Whittior calls private letters. :
Leaving, for tho moment, tho wider ,
question whether biographies as such
aro or are not of value, it is fair to
consider that every honest man, If.,
told that his history will bo written,;
will first of all desire that it bo truer
To destroy his letters would, in tho "
case of any porson of sufficient nototo
havo been conco'-ned In important
events, bo to lesson tho chance of tho
truth's being known, either In regard
to himself or others. Certainly if bi
ography and history are to bo written,
it is important that they shall ap
proach as nearly as possible to tho
truth; and neither Mr. Whittior nor
anybody olso has a right to destroy
documents which would assist la
bringing tho truth to light. Justico
to tho memory of his frlond should,
load ono who ha important letters to
see that thoy aro properly used, not
that tho risk is run of having history
misropresonted for want of thorn. Mr. J
Whittior himself would undoubtedly
profor that "his letters to thousands
of correspondents" should bo printed.
to having his lifo misrepresented and
tho hiph causos in defenso of which ho
has fought so well Ulisiind.oratorub
Tho fact is that whilo this muttor ol
pub'leatlon sooms at first glnnco both,
unpleasant ntul unjustifiable, it is but
another form Of tho Universal truth,
that no man's lifo bolongs to hlmsolf.
Porhapa a man has no moro right
olthor to oxpoct or to wish to tako tor
the grnvo with him any moro than,
ho takes his gold tho porsonal privacy
which is us much a luxury of lifo as la
his tronsure. In any caso tho history
of man bolangs to tho living; and sinco
tho history of man is mado up of tho
history of men, in their story the world,
has an Inalienablo right. It follows,
that documents which scorn prlvata
property aro often public trusts, and.
not thcroforo to bo disposed of accord
ing to tho simple will of tho possessor,
who is really simply a custodian.
It is not of course meant that all tho
details of lifo, the privato oxporlonccs,.
hidden emotions and intimate secrets,
of tho heart, are to bo laid open to tho
market pluco. It is not that publld;
vulgar curiosity is to bo sntisllod, but.
the significant, tho general, tho thinga
which belong to tho lifo of tho pcoplo
or to tho growth of tho public senti
ment or belief those things belong,
not to tho Individual, but to tho race.
And so, do3plto our recognition of tho.
genuiuo sincerity of tho net and of tha
delicacy of fooling which prompted it.
wo can not help fooling that It Is ufe
least an opon question whothor Mr
Whittior had u moral right to destroy
thoso letters, relating, as many of
them must havo dono, to somo of tha
most important ovonts which havo
over shaken and shaped our Nation.
The Vital Functions.
It Is well undorstood that tho vltaL
functions aro moro or loss procossos ol
combustion, and aro subject to laws
similar to thoso which regulato tho'
burning of coal In our fireplaces. Wo
aro apt to put on too much coal, or al
low tho fire to bo smothered in ushoik.
Tho child pokes tho firo from tho top
to make it burn faster; but tho wise,
man pokes It from below to rako out
the allies and allow freu access of ox
ygon. And so It Is with tho functions
of life, only that these being less un
dorstood, nuiny u man acts in regard to
them as n child doos to tho lire. Tha
man thinks that his brain is not acting'
because ho has not supplied It with,
sufficient food. Ho takes moat threap
time a day and beef toa to supply 1U
wants, as ho thinks, and puts in pokf
er to stir It up In the shapo of a glass
of shorry or h nip from tho brandy bot
tle. And yot, all tho time, his brain la
suffering from accumulation of aslu
and tho moro ho continues to cract,
himself with food, and to supply hln,
self with stlmulunts, tho worso h
ultimately becomes, just as tho child's
broaking tho coal may causo a tompo-t
rury blaze, but oIIowb tho ilro to b
smothorod In ashes. Hall's Journal et
Tt U n-tenslon to Pav
i dull story.f Blughumton llopublii