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About The Oregon scout. (Union, Union County, Or.) 188?-1918 | View Entire Issue (March 21, 1889)
PITH AND POINT.
Wlmt wo tiro at homo is a pretty
uro teat of what wo really are.
When a gentleman loses his temper
in talking, it is a tolerably correct sign
that ho is getting "tho worst of tho
Employment, which Galon calls
"naturo' s physician,' la so essential to
human hnppinoss that indolcnco is
justly considered tho mother of misory.
Next to moral weakness, n. fear of
tho difficulties to bo mot is, undoubted
ly, tho most unfortunate mental trait
of any young person.
Most natures nro insolvent; can
not satisfy their own wonts: havo an
ambition out of all proportion to their
practical force, and so do loan and bog
day and night continually. Emorson.
mo responsibilities of uro arc
gauged not by what wo aro but by
what wc may become Tho man who
has ventured only to tho limits of his
conscious force has only reached tho
threshold of his possible attainments.
F. G. Clark.
-r-Thoughts aro tho first-born, the
blossoms of tho soul, tho beginning of
our strength, whothor for good or evil,
and thoy aro tho greatest ovidenco for
or against a person that nan be.
"Thou understandest my thoughts afar
off." "Try mo, and know my thoughts;
and load mo in tho way over
lasting." Thomas Brooks.
Men that look no further than
thoir outsldos, think health an ap
purtenance unto life, and quarrel with
thoir constitutions for being sick, but
I, that havo oxamlned tho parts of
man, and know upon what tender fila
rnonts that fabric hangs, do wonder
that wo aro not always so, and, con
sidering tho thousand Moors that load
,to death, do thank my God that wo can
alo hut once. Sir T. Browne.
Originality is the cradlo in which
-eminence is nursed, for originality lifts
mon from tho boaton track of tho past
into unexplored fields, giving tho world
now productions in science, literature
and art. To succood, a man must bo
original, and his performing a certain
net must not be becauso somo ouo olso
did It, but becauso from his own ob
servation ho knows it to bo proper and
It 1b hard to toll which of tho two
Is tho mora pltlablo Uio ovor-nico
ronsonor, who novor comes to any con
clusion, or tho vacillating, doublo
mindod man, who novor docldos to net.
Ho is Uko tho farmer in tho Book of
Ecclosiastos, who is always obsorvlng
tho clouds and tho wind to make sure
of tho exactly right tlmo for his work.
As "tho I'roachor" says: "That man
will novor sow and will novor roup;"
or, as Sir Philip Sldnoy says: "Whoso
ever, in great things, will think to pro
vont (anticipate or forestall) all objec
tions, must Ho still and do nothing,"
8. S. Times.
THE NATIONAL GAME.
What Hliulcoupcnro Hnyn Almut tt In 111
Tho game of baso ball is gonorally
Supposed to bo a modern pastlmo, but
a look through Shakospoaro will con
vlnco one that tho gnnio Is of remote
Your baso (foot) ball players.
Why those balls bound. "Morry
Now, lot's havo a catch. "Twelfth
I will run no baBO. "Morry
And so I shall catch tho ily. "Ilonry
Lot mo bp umplro in this. "Ilonry
A hit, n piilpablohlt ."Hamlet."
Ilootor shall havo a great catch.
"Trollus and Crosslda."
Moro Uko to run tho county baso.
Ab swift In motion as a ball.
"Borneo and Juliet."
Ho'U loavo striking in tho Hold.
After the score. "Othello."
Ajak goes up and down tho flold.
"Trollus and Crosslda."
Havo you scored inoP "Winter's
And tho third nlno. "Corlohuuts. "
Ho proves tho best man In the Hold.
Tho word Is pitch and pay. "King
Hovvovor men do catch. "Tompost."
What foul play had wo. "Titus An
dronlous." Unprovidod of a pair of bases.
His confounded base. "Henry V.M
No other book but tho scorn.
I will fear to catch. "Tlinou ol
Where go you with batsP "Corlo
luiius." Lot us soo you in Uio Held. "Trollui
Thrice again to tnaku up nine.
N. Y. Graphic.
Violating tho Proprieties.
"Such a dinner as you wish to give,"
laid tho fashionable caterer, "Includ
ing champagne, of course, will cost $1
"But I don't care for champagne
Wlmt will It coat with boor and lemon
Ado Instead of ohnmpugnoP"
"Just tho same," rupllod the dlgnl
fled CRterer, sillily. "I could not, with
propriety, ask any of my young gen
tlonuin to watt upon the table at such
a dinner without giving them extra
iH)Hj)oiisutioi), Chicago Tribune
AN OLD HORSE-THIEF.
tl Ii Seventy-Eight Tmn Old and llu
Done Some Carious Work.
Tho man who claims to bo tho most
celebrated horso-thlof in tho world is
now under arrest in Louisburg, Kan
His name Is Washington Waterman
and ho is sevonty-oight yonrs of age.
Ho acknowledges tho theft of ono hun
drcd horses in Kansas alone, and tho
authorities of tho State aro willing to
admit that ho has made oil with flvo
times that numbor.
Tho old man takos his present arrest
with great good nature. Ho is near
tho end of his earthly pilgrimage, and
ho docs not expect to bo jailed again in
this world. Tho ponitontiarics of Mis
sourl, Kansas and Nebraska have each
held him on sovoral dlflerontoccaslons.
In his earlier days It wall his custom to
lead a party of tramps into a nolgh
borhood which ho had previously pros
pected, and, with a central rendezvous,
all would mako a circuit of fivo or ten
miles on a given night and round up
boforo daylight at tho appointed place
with all tho horses, harness, shovels,
currycombs, chnlns, monkoy-wrenclios,
whips, hammors, oil, scrow-d rivers and
brooms that tho region alTorded. Barns
would bo literally stripped of every
thing of value.
After the prohibitory law wont Into
effect In Kansas, tho country being moro
thicklysottled, Waterman found It nd-
visablo to change his plan of opera
Hons. Ho would visit towns In Mis
souri and lay In a largo supply of
whisky in quart bottles, and then, as
a sccrot dispenser of this bovcrago, ho
would attack tho Kansns farmer on his
weak side. When ho found ono who
properly appreciated tho luxury of
having liquor brought to his very door,
no wotuu tarry witn mm ana open
bottlo or two on his own account.
After tho farmer had yielded to tho ef
fects of tho potations and had fallen
undor tho table, Waterman would help
himsolf at tho barn and disappear.
Tho old man also enjoys tho raro dis
tinction of being tho only man in tho
world who over stolo a horse whilo he
was an inmate of a State prison. When
ho was serving tho last of his throo
terms in tho Missouri penitentiary, his
conduct was so good that ho was set
down as a "trusty," and as such was
on many occasions permitted to go out
sldo tho walls. On ono of thoso excur
sions ho was soizod with an irrosistlblo
impulse to mako off with a horso, and
flvo minutes later ho was astrldo a ilno
animal which ho had lifted from a con
voniont barn. With this exploit ho
scorns to havo boon content, for ho
prosently dismounted, loft tho horso to
browso at will by" tho roadside, and
hurrlod back to tho prison. Having
had a taste of liberty Waterman longod
for moro, and two wooks later ho stolo
a team bolonging to ono of tho koopors
and mado for tho country ut a broak
neck pace. Ho found no dilllculty In
disposing of tho horsos, and with tho
monoy obtained ho Hod to Canada,
where ho passed sovoral yoars without
attracting much attention.
Waterman, who doos not appear to
bo as old as ho is, talks froely of his
oxploits, and sooms to havo no concep
tion of the fact that horso stealing ii
not a perfectly logltlmato pursuit. Ho
told ono of his visitors tho other day
that ho was getting on In yoars, and
that if any of tho boys wanted points
in tho buslnoss ho would givo up at tho
rate of flvo dollars a point. Cor. Chi
EZRA CORNELL'S BOYHOOD.
Tho Industry mid reinnvorimoo of the
l'oiiuilor of ii (Irciit Unlvoritlty.
Years ago thoro lived In tho Interior
of Now York a boy, tho son of a farmer,
who also worked at tho trado of a pot
tor, Tho boy was a markod youth, be
causo ho did with might whatever ho
undertook. Ho was a loader In the or
dinary sports of boyhood; and, whon
ovor tho farm or tho pottery relaxed
their hold upon Ulm ho would be found
repairing somo damaged artlolo or de
vising a new imploinout.
Ills fathor was poor, tho farm was
Binall, and could only bo enlarged by
clearing up tho prlmoval forest. Tho
boy was anxious to acqulro knowledge,
but his services woro so necossary to
his father that ho could not bo spared
to attend tho winter term of tho com
mon school. But tho hoy was In oarn
ost. With tho aid of his brother, ono
year his junior, ho chopped and cleared
four acres of birch and maplo woodland,
plowed it, planted it with corn, har
vested tho corn, and then asked, as his
compensation, to be allowed to attend
Bohool during winter. Of course the
father granted tho wish.
Whon tho boy was Bovoutoon tho
father's pottery buslnoss had so in
creased as to demand a moro extensive
factory. A carpenter was hired to
build Uio now building, and tho boy
assisted him. So familiar did ho bo
come with tho tools and trado that ho
determined, with tho aid of tho younger
brothor, to oroot a two-story frame
dwolllng-houso for his father's family.
Tho two boys cut tho timber from
tho forest, planned and framed the
structure, and then invited tho neigh
bors to assist at tho "raising." Thoy
oamo from far and near to seo what a
hid of seventeen had done. Whon eve
ry mortise and tenon was found to tit
in Us placo, and tho frame was soon to
stand perfect and secure, tho veterans
cheered tho youvg architect and build
er. From that day ho was in demand
as a muster carpenter.
That boy was Kim Cornoll, tho foun
der of Cornell Uulvorslty, KvangolU
By spraying tho region of tho ex
ternal car with othor, Dim. Honoquo
mid Frldul, of Paris, render tho dental
nerves lmuiuthU, mid uxtraot tooth
without pain or ifouoriil ttuwtUwlu.
Ilin,' Herring Are Made to Ileiemble th
"Aro these tho genuine French sar
dines?" asked a woll-drcsscd woman of
a grocer as sho rocclvcd for inspection
an oblong tin box, marked on ono side
"Sardines a laFrancaiso." Tho grocer
looked at hor with a slightly surprised
air, and replied: "Certainly." "You
may send mo threo boxes then," said
sho, and, after ordering a fow moro
things, wont out. As sho passed through
the door a reporter, who had been
standing by, inquired: "But woro they
renl French sardines, after all?"
Tho grocer tried to appear indignant,
but couldn't. Finally ho laughed and
said: "I guess you know all about It,
but what can I say when a lndy asks
mo such a question? I can't explain to
hor that nine-tenths of tho sardines con
sumed in tho United States como from
Mnino, for, although they aro just ns
good as tho French product, sho would
not havo them, and I Bhould loeo her
trado. Most of tho sardines sold now
adays aro nothing but small herrings,
put up in boxes with gaudy labels
nnd French Inscriptions. In Last-
port there nro nlneteon places whero
thoy turn out sardines, besides threo at
Lubec, two at Joncsport and ono each
at Mlllbridgo, Lamoino and Kobbins
ton. When it was. flfrst attempted to
make sardines from herrings it was
found that tho difficulty lay in eradicat
ing tho herring flavor. It took years
of experiment to accomplish this. Fi
nally a manufacturer succeeded in pro
ducing a combination of-oil and spices
which removed the trouble. Ihehor-
ringsiuscd in making sardinos nro about
4 inclics long, and can; bo bought of tho
Maine and Now Brunswick fishermen.
when plenty, for about $5 a hogshead,
although when scarce they bring
as high as $15 a hogshead.
Tho fish- aro caught in huge nets sot
along the- -shore. After capturo thoy
aro takon- immediately to tho factory,
and laid in heaps upon long tables,
whero thoy aro decapitate 1 and cleaned
by children, whoso dexterity is marvel
ous. On tho average each child dresses
8ovonty-fivo fish a minute. Tho pay is
10c. for a box holding about a bushel.
Somo of tho children mako as much as
$1.50 per day. After boing washed,.
tho fish aro pickled for half an hour,
and aro thoa biid upon trays and placed
in- a largo drying-room, heated by
steam. When dry thoy aro thrown Into
largo shallow pans of boiling o.l nnd
thoroughly cooked. Thoy nro packed
la boxes by women and girls, and
into each box: is poured some of the
patent mixture of oil andspices. Covors
are- fitted on- tno boxes ana scaicu Dy
men. Tho boxes aro noxt placed in
boiling water for half an hour, and aro
then romovod and put on an incline
plane, so that tho enclosed tot air
rushes to ono corner of tho box. This
corner is punctured witn an nwi, anu
the- air escapes; tho box then bolng
mado nlr-tight again by a drop of
soldor. Tho boxes aro ornamonted
with attractive French labels, stating
that tho enclosed nro "Sardines a la
Francalso." Somo nro labeled in addi
tion, "a Phuilo d'oiivo!" Tho oil gon
orally used is cotton sood. Ollvo oil is.
however, used for tho quality marked
'Almost tho ontiro product of those
fnctorlos aro shipped to Now York,
whence it goes to retailors all ovor tho
country. Ono of tho Lubec housos pre
pares about 4,500 boxes por day. Tho
profit mado bj tho pnokors is from 4c to
6c a box."
'How do you happen to bo so woll
Informed on tho subject?" was asked.
"Woll, 1 hall from Eastport mysolf,"
said tho grocor, "and ns a boy I usod to
work In a sardlno factory." N. 1.
Why She Was Enthusiastic
"Seated to tho light of mo at a place
of amusement," writes a Western mu
ficnl crltlo, "was a lady whoso Intorost
was not aroused till a thin, diseonsolnte
looklng girl mado hor appearance
Then sho bognn to applaud furiously.
As I could dlscorn no posslblo occasion
for such a manifestation, I felt sur
prised; but, as sho kept it up all tho
ovoning and soemod to havo no assist
ance from any of tho audlonco, 1 took a
hand, as thoy say, and also bogan ap
plauding tho thin, disconsolate-looking
girl. My good naturo, howovor, boro,
as good naturo often does, bitter fruit
Tho lady turnod and said: ' hat aro
you applauding for?' I stammered an
Insulllclent answer, lou don't think
alio doos woll, do you?' sho continued.
No, Madam.' 'Shea tfwkward, and
sho can't sing,' said she, contemptuous
ly. I hud tlmo to rccovor myself.
Might I ask, I ssld, with conscious
dignity, 'why, Madam, If such Is tho
case, you aro so onthuslnstlo?' 'Sho
owes mo nlno dollars and thirty-live
cents,' said my neighbor, with Bcorn
and asporlty, 'and, if this oro show
don't succeed, I'll bo that much outP "
N. Y. Lodger.
A Truly Faithful Heart.
Tumblothwnlto had proposed and
beon accepted, and as ho slipped tho
ongngomont ring upon hor finger, he
"Darling, you will always wear It
upon this finger, won't youP" and the
girl, with a shy glanco or love, rcplloti:
"Always, uoorgo, niwuya wiion i
am with you." Life,
Tho church in Shnkor Vlllngo.
Canterbury, N. H., although built In
1702, has novor beon ro-shlngled. lhe
shingles are ot heart pine, and woro
fastened on with wooden pegs.
A Brookfleld, Conn., farmer found
a silver fork Imticddod In tho btonmcli
of a Jioa uo killed, ono day, lately. m
llow He Mnde It a Very Satisfactory
Source of Revenue.
Going ovor on a Weohawkcn ferry
boat1 tho other day was an old fellow at
tired in nn 1840 sporting costume, tho
principal element of which was an Irish
capo-coat reaching from his hat brim
to his heels.
His little ferret eyes snapped uneasily
from under a pair of moustachio brows,
nnd it was evident that ho wa4 pining
for somebody to talk to.
That somebody, In tho person of a
Washington market butcher, carao in
presently, and, taking an adjoining
feat, opened tho ball by remarking that
it was a wet day.
"Wot ain't no .riamo for it," was tho
prompt rejoindor, "it'sarcg'lar soaker.
What ver from?"
"Shot I didn't know but what yer
might be from Sennygamby. - Did yor
ever hair a man crow?
"Ever hear a man crow liko a
"Botcher life, I kin."
"Los hear ye," and tho mnrkotraan'3
eyes betrnyed an overwhelming curi
osity. "Costs a quarter, my friend, and If
ycr ain't satisfied, yer gits yer money
back. If I can't crow to beat any
Shanghai you ever heard, I'llgo 'njump
overboard. Thanks. Any ono elw
wantur hear m2"
Sovoral coin woro handed to tho
original professor, and an air of expect
ancy pervaded tho cabin, as ho prepared
for tho performance.
Turning around) sideways, and "curv
ing his chin deop down lathe recesses
of his collar, ho suddenly let our a clear
shrill' penetrating "Cock-a-doo-dlo-doo!"
that was absolutely perfect in its
imitation of a big-lungetl barn-yard
king, and his effort was followed by a
thunder of applause? which shook tho
boat. "I told yor sV ho said, as-his
face eanro- into viow again. "They ain't
no. flies on Crower nalpin. Wanter
More- quarters wero-produced, and ho
ra just going to repent tho feat when
the- butcher by a quick spasmodic move
ment reached down undor the skirls of
the great-coat and pulled out a lino
specimen of a Jersey chanticleer with
tho- terse remark: "Say, friend, th'
next time you try a chicken bunco,
game, bo partic'lar that your pal keeps.
his-tail-feathers from sliowin ." It was
very fortunate for the ferry company
that even the- boat was- left when the
crowd followed that old. mam ashore-Time-.
THE TELL LEGEND.
A Thcntrlciil MnmiRer Kxplnln Why
Tnke It In "OoodFultli.'
Do I believe' thoro was. such a person
as. William Tell? Ida I hare faith
in legends and folk lore. Even if there
is- much that will not stand tho fierce
light of critical research, I would not
havo tho mind freed from thoso precious
superstitions, if you choose to call them
so. If you go on with this pernicious
iconoclastic work what is to becomo of
tho Minnesingors and tho Mastor
slngors, the Nlbolungod Lied, and how
then will Wagnor stand? I think I
would murder tho man who should toll
mo that tho grand incident of tho noblo
Sydnoy denying himsolf tho proflorod
drink of water to glvo it to tho humble
soldior was a myth. Thoy will bo tell
ing us pretty soon that Nelson in his
last broath on tho quarter dock did not
say, "Kiss mo. Hardy." Or that Law
rence novor said, "Don't givo up tho
ship," or that Perry fallod to romark,
"Wo havo moot tho onomy. and thoy aro
ours." No, sir, I won't havo it. I am
awaro that tho old biting, bitter destroy
or of myths and shams, tho groat Vol
taire, was ono of tho first to east doubt
upon tho reality of tho Swiss horo. But
what olso could you oxpoctof a French
man? Had ho lived to tills day he
would havo said thoro was no such per
son as Bismarck or at loist ho would
havo wished there was not. Did not
Voltnlro call Bismarck a savago? Take
away Toll and his magic arrow, his son
nnd thu upplo, and you rob Switzerland
of its splendid romanco, and the mind
of man of ono of Its lovollost illusions.
Trust to tho poot; ho will always sot
you right with his unerring instinct.
Schiller has wrought for us ono of the
grandost dramas out of tho logonds of
tho sturdy Swiss In thoir strugglo for
Independence To read or hoar his
thrilling pootlo play Is to breatho tho
air of Url and Untorwnlton, and to bo
Inspired with tho lofty Ideas of liberty
and vlrtuo Imparted by contact with
Lie othor whero grows tho edolwois.
Sheridan Knowles has given tho Eng
lish stage an oxcollent play on tho sub
ject of tho Swiss Liberator. Yos, sir; I
boliovo in Wllllnm Toll St. Louis
A couploi lately of Alpharotta. Ga.,
wont to a Squiro'a oflleo to got married.
Whilo thoy waited for tho Squlro to
hunt up tho book containing tho formu
la, tho man asked to bo excused a mo
ment, and hurrying out, mounted n
horso and rodo furiously away. As ho
was leaving tho room ho whlspored to
tho groomsman that ho was ashamed to
get married boforo bo many persons.
Tho groomsman told tho brldo, who
promptly wild: "You helped to bring
mo horo, and now you must tako hla
place" Tho young man said ho was
willing, and tho ceremony was perform
ed. At its conclusion tho brldo said:
"Whon I mako up my mind to do any
thing I novor let any thing stand in the
Tho man who would carry In his
head tho names of nil tho streets in
London roust a havo long memory.
Thoro uro 28,000 of thorn.
HAYTfAN VOUDOO ORGIES,
Horrible Itltt nnd Sacrifices Practiced
In the- r.i:ro Itepubllcv
At dusk of CIiri;tmas Eve many of
tho lowest of tho blacks loft Port au
Prlnco on foot for tho valloy at tho
foot of tho Lascello mountains, somo
twelve miles south of tho town, whore
several thousand of tho believers In
voudooism wero found assembled, the
greater portion being from tho
vicinity of Jacmel, the most barbarous
portion of tho island. Tho correspond
ent, disguised and blackcnod. under
tho protection of a liborally paid
guide, arrived on tho spot just before
midnight. There each of tho per
formers put on a pair of sandals and
fastened around his othorwiso nnked
body a number of red handkorchiefs,
the King of the Voudoos having an un
usually largo number, with a blue
girdle, and red handkerchiefs bound
around his head and worn as a dia
dem. Tho Queen, clothed in the
charming simplicity of a slngte broad
red sash, was seated with tho King on
a largo box. whoro tho Wingless ser
pent representing tho Deity was kopt
Then began tho horrible adoration
i tho serpent, lasting aoout inirty
minutes, and ending in a wild satur
nalia of delirium. Tho scene, amid tho
glaring of burning torches and bon
fires, can hardly bo described. All
present took part in dancing around a
largo altar, erected In tho center of an
jpen space. Between the dances
abundant potations of tho vilest native
urn and gin, flavored with herbs and
oots tending to increaso tho delirium,
wero indulged in by all. After the
Jancing the crowd sopnratcd andT ac
cording to seniority, approached1 the
I'erpont in tho cage. Dropping on
Jioir stomachs they crawled forward
imploring the aid of tho voudoo for
blessings on themselves and friends
ad malediction on enomlos, known
and unknown. Tho answer to these
appeals was interpreted to tho im
beeilo crowd by tho Queen, thoy never
doubting the most monstrous absurd
ity, and only knowing how to obey
what hi despotically dictated to them.
They then bound themselves by tho most
exucrablo oaths to obey tho dictates of
the Queen aad minor priestesses until
the next annual assemblage On
this: occasion a white goat was sao--rifieed,
but my guide informed mo thht
last yoar ho was prosont at tho same
assemblage, four miles north of Jac
mel, whoro a female child was stupe
fied by drugs. Its veins opened, and
tho blood sucked therefrom by tho
King, Queen and minor seniors, while
tho rabblo toro tho corpso limb from
limb and devoured tho flesh, still
warm, tho bones and adhoring slips of'
ilosh, with tho head, being' throwni
into a kottlo of boiling water with the
bodies of small snakes. Tho broth;
seasoned with horbs and rum, was.
eagerly partakon of by all prosont.
Tills sooms incrodiblo. but woll au
thonticated cases whoro recontly buriedi
bodies havo beon oxhumod. cooked,
and devoured by tho almost complete
ly barbarous inhabitants of tho southv
orn department tho brutalized de
scendants of tho lowest tribes of.
Africans havo beon heard of.
In February, 1881, at St Marc a
cask of so-callod pork was sold to- a
foreign ship. Fingers and fingernails
boing discovered, furthor investiga
tion proved all tho flesh thoroin
to bo human. An English colored
clergyman near Capo Ilaytian re
cently found that his wifo had pur
chased human flesh Instead. of pork In
public market. Four people were
fined in tho capo for oating corpses.
Cor. N. Y. World.
KISSING THE LADIES.
Unco n Very l'opulitr KiirIImIl SIod ol
, Nlcolaus do Bothlon, a. pupil of Dr.
Basiro at Alba Julia, visited England
during tho winter of 1CG3-4, and iso
lates the following in his "Autobiogra
phy": "Boing unaware of tho fact
that it was customary in England to
kiss the cornor of tho mouth of ladies
by way of salutation, instead of shak
ing hands, as wo do in Hungary, my
youngor brothor and I bohaved very
rudoly on ono occasion. Wo woro in
vited to dlnnor to tho houso of a gon
tlemun of high, rank, and found his
wifo and threo daughters, ono of thorn
married, standing in array ready to
recoivo us. Wo klssod tho girls, but
not tho married ladles, and theroby
greatly oifonded tho lattor, but Duval,
(a French Protestant clergyman) apol
ogised for our blundor, and explained
to us that whon saluting wo must
always kiss tho senior lady first and
loavo tho girls and ohlldron to the
last; after dlnnor it was considered
sufUciont to kiss tho hostess only In
recognition of tho hospitality ro
colved." Thoroafter, ho adds, ho and
all his traveling companions, with tho
exception of one, who could not bo
provallod upon, compllod most scru
pulously with tho rules of otlquKte
Bothlon moved In tho best socioty in
London. Ho was rocolvod by Charlos
II. "In publlca solonnl nudlontla" surrounded-by
a throng of noblemen: ho
called on tho Dux Ebornconsls, Uu par
tus Palatlnus lihoni, and many noblo
mon of high rank. At Oxford ho was
entertained and mndo vory much of
by tho profossors, who, ho Informs us,
spoko Latin with dilllculty. In fact
everybody in England, ho tells us,
considered it a great torture to be
obliged to speak Latin, and ho was,
theroforo, compelled to air his broken
English, which ho had picked up at
Leyden undor tho tuition of n poor
Englishman. Notes and Queries.
A Lover's Stratagem "How Is it
you always tako your intended to tho
railway fetation?" "Becauso wo can
Ihgro kiss undWturbod, nnd Om folks
think wo nro unruly aylnggoodbyo."
ttovr Wood I Dried In the T.nrco Furni
ture FactorJrn of the Bait.
"It is mighty hard work to' buy thor
oughly dried 'lumber' nowadays," said
a furniture manufacturer, "becauso tho
great demand for it in tho East for
building nnd manufacturing purposes
leads tho Western lumbermen to ship
it boforo it has been thoroughly sea
soned. A fow years ago it was custom
ary to tako tho wood from tho saw
and pile it up out-doors, whero it would
remnln from eighteen monthB to two
years before it was considered fit for
shipping.. Now, six months is consid
ered long' enough, nnd In consoquenco
wo recoivo very little wood dry enough
to bo worked to ndvantago."
"How then do- you raanago to got
along?" was askcd
"Wo havo dry-rooms or kilns, in
which wo placo tho wood and season it
ourselves. Wo buy tho best-seasoned
timber wo can got, and then shut it up
for from ono to threo weeks until it is
in fit condition for use"
"How can you tell whon it is?"
"In several ways. Wo notice how it
cuts, and examlno tho saw-dust and
shavings. Even then wo aro often de
ceived, nnd discover wnrps and cracks
In our manufactured product boforo it
leaves tho salesrooms. You yourself
have probably noticed cracks in tho
fino bedsteads 6f ovon tho best makers,
or have soon tho top of a nlco' hard
wood desk split from sldo to side- All
this comes from tho use of unseasoned
lumber. It makes up neatly, and may
6eem to bo perfectly dry, but whon ox
posed to tho changes of tho atmos
phoro, tho molsturo In tho pores rjf. tho
wood evaporates, shrlnkago ensues,
and something gives. I was much
mortified the othor day, and at tho.
samo tlmo lost a good customer, by
just this very thing happening. An
ordor had been received from a wealthy
woman In Now Haven for a finely
carved cabinet Unfortunately, I was
called out of town boforo I had fin
ished selecting the wood for it and had
to. loavo somo of tho solocting to an
assistant. Tho cabinot was finished,
and was an exquisite bit of workman
ship. In threo weoks after dolivory it
was sont back to mo, and right across
one of tho finest panols thoro was a
crock that you could put a pin into.
That-customer has novor beon near tho
store-since, and yet I vonturo to say
that! tho same thing is liable to occur
at any timo in any establishment"
"How do you dry timbor artificial
ly?" "There aro a numbor of ways.
Naturally, heat is tho fundamental
principlo in all. Tho kilns aro of all
sizes and shapes. Somo aro heated by.
furnaces, somo by steam-pipes, and
somo by hot air sont from a dlstauco
bjr fans. In somo a vacuum is croatod,
in others compressed air is used. Tho
groat point, I think, is to got a good,
circulation all about tho lumber. Ono
method is used by which a largo vol
ume of hot air is sont into tho kiln at
ono end and oxhausted at tho othor.
Every minuto or two tho air in tho
kiln is thus changed and tho moisture
from tho wood passed off. Thero is an
arrangement by which any degree of
heat can bo produced, and dilTcrent
kinds of wood aro treated differently.
This process dries green 'lumber' in
sovon or eight days. It would tako
ono or two years of exposure to dry
tho samo wood in tho open air." N.
Y. Evening Post
WHY MORTAR HARDENS.
It Id Duo to tho Combination of I.lmo with
In writing upon this subject G. R,
Burnoll says: Until vory recently it
was hold by most onglnoors and archi
tects, by mysolf among others, that
tho solidification of mortars took placo
in consequonco of tho nbsorption of
carbonic acid gas by thp limo during
tho process of crystallzation but it has
beon fairly objected to this theory that
tho quantity of carbonic acid gas con
tained in tho atmosphoro which could
bo brought Into contact with a large
body of cement would not suillco to
saturate tho latter.
Tho goncrally recoived opinion on
tho subject now is. that limo hardens
simply in consequonco of tho combina
tlon with water which takos placo dur
ing tho sinking, and that tho rapidity
of tho setting, and tho pormanonco of
tho newly-formed hydrate of limo, de
ponds upon its boing combined with
somo other salt; tho puro hydrate of
lime, In fact is solublo; tho hydrated
silicate of limo is tolorably insoluble,
but it forms slowly; whilo tho hydrated
doublo silicate of limo and alumina, or
of limo and magnesia, aro practically
Tho facta actually obsorved seom to
confirm theso viows, nnd thoy certain
ly onablo us to account for not only tho
dlfforont modes of sotting obsorvablo
In dlfToront limes, but also for somo of
tho moro gradual actions which tako
placo In that matorlal, and the effects
roclprocally producod by tho mlxturos
of various ingredlonts.
In tho caso of tho now generally
used Portland comonts, and In that of
undorburnt limo, somo vory curious
phenomena may, howovor, bo ob
sorved, which appear to indlcato that
tho simple laws mentioned nbovo do
not comprohond all tho conditions
which may nrlso, 60 that tho above'
theory Itsolf must only bo considorod
as a stop toward tho attainment of n.
complete ono of a moro general char
acter. Tho phenomena to which I thu3 al
lude are connected with tho obscure
subjoct of tho chemical actions which
take placo under the influonco of
high dugroue of temperature. Boston
Budget ' r