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About The Oregon scout. (Union, Union County, Or.) 188?-1918 | View Entire Issue (June 15, 1888)
OREGON SCOUT.i .telegraphic.
JONES A CHAHCEY, Pnbliikers.
Silver, generally a very desirable
metal, isa Bourco of great annoyance
in tho manufacture of white lead, for
if present in an appreciable quantity
it spoils tho'color of the finished pro
duct, owing to the well-known black
ening effect of light upon tho salts of
Sunflowers are now used in Wyo
ming Territory for uel. Tho stalks
when dry aro as hard as maplewood
and mako a hot fire, and the seed
heads with tho seeds in aro snid to
burn better than tho best, hard conl.
An acre of sunflowers will furnish
fuehfor one stove for a year.
While George Newby, aged twonty
one, Mary Wilson, aged seven, and
Emily Wilson, aged five, and a man
named PerkinB wero attempting to
cross a small stream in tho Ogden
Canon, near Salt Lake, in a boat, they
were swept over Wilson's dam and all
except Perkins drowned.
The three Ewing brothers, of Iiw
renccburg, Ind., wcro born at tho same
timo fifty-four years ago. They are
Baid to bo tho oldest, largest and best
looking triplets in the United States.
Abel weighs 225 pounds, Joshua 213
and Putnam 2-18 pounds; total, 710
A lady toachor of music in Ontario
County, New York, inserted her pro
fessional card in ono of tho county
nowspapers. It was seen by an old
lover in Chicago, who at onco hunted
her up, explained his absence of a
quarter of a century and married her.
It pays to advertise.
The latest "cattlo queon" of tho
"West is Miss Kitty Wilkins, of Idaho,
a tall blonde, twenty-threo years of
ago, a lino horsowoman, and a dead
shot. Though called tho cattlo queen,
sb a matter of fact horses aro her
apccialty, and sho owns no less than
eight hundred, besides thousands of
John Coi.aiN,of Hartford City, Ind.,
is tho possessor of four young foxes
that havo been adopted by a cat on
tho premises, that seems to manifest
as much maternal solicitude and
motherly fondness for them as though
they were her own Tho foxes h ive
accopted tho situation in a spirit of
meekness, and aro seemingly satisfied.
A can of naphtha or benzino, ar
ranged with a closely fitting cover, is
a convenience for cleaning screws
bolls or other small work in a machine
shop. A wiro basket makeB a good
ladle. Work in this way is kopt
clean, and agreeable to
A fa km hand, popularly known as
"Tony, the Dutchman," had a desper-
ato encounter near Scianton, Penn
with a wild cat, which he finally
clubbed into insensibility after tho ani
mal hud torn his clothes and badly
scratched his faeo. "Tony" Biibso
qucntly procured a gun and shot tho
beast, and tho lattor has since been
Btuflod as a memento of tho struggle
Mkb. I)AKKU,of Emhry, Kan., awoko
lior husband tho other night ami to'.i:
him to go for tho doctor, for sho had a
tremendous attack of cholera morbus,
Mr. Baker wont, tho doctor came, am
an hour or two afterward a nieo bo
was born into tho world, much to tho
surprise of both mother and father,
-who insisted thoy had no idea that
any such thing was to happen.
A novel school commencement was
held at tho New York Trade Schools
on Friday last. Ono hundred and
twenty brick-layers wore given diplo
mas, ono hundred and eighty-four
plumbers, each armed with a sheep'
bkin, wero sot loose on tho community,
together with fifteen stone-cutters,
thirty-eight painters and twenty-eight
Hon Moody and his son-in-law Billy
M !.. - 1 . l .
aurnu woiu out miming recoiim in
Maine, and each killed an old buck.
Moody's deer wouldn't Ho still, so tho
young niau camo over and emptied
tho other barrel of his gun into it, and
went hack to his own. Mr. Moody
started to out tho deer's throat, and
atuck tho knife through, when tho
doer kicked out twice, jumped up and
ran, swam tho river anil got away.
Tlio richest gunlus, like the most
fertile soil, whon uncultivated, slioots
up Into tlio rankest weeds; and. histoid
of vinus and olives for the pleasure and
nso of man, produces to IU slothful
owner lltji most abundant crop of pul
roe oi ine rrincipai twenti
.1 it n
Attracting Public Inltrwl
Tho colored Methodist church and
Odd Fellows hall was blown to piecis
by a cyclone at Corsicana, Texas.
Charles Hayes was blown to pieces
by an explosion of giant powder,
which ho was carrying at tho Daly
mine, Park City.'Utah.
An Italian boarding-houso burned
at Pittstown, Pa. Thrco children of
tho proprietor, Christopher Sargali,'
perished, and several men were hurt.
Ilobert Taylor shot and killed It.
Tenner, at Norfolk, Va., a married
man, who had betrayed Taylor's sifter.
The girl was driven insane by shame,
and is in a mad-house.
. A riot among tho negroes at Longn
loo College, La., cccurred on com
mencement day. In the shooting
which followed several negroes were
Jocob Iliggins, a prominent farmer,
who lives near Ilixan Station, Tenn.,
committed filicide by bunging himself
to a clothes line. He lost his wifo a
few months ago and has been despond
ent over since.
A destructive hail storm destroyed
cotton plants and greatly damaging
other crops at Sulphur Springs, Texa.
Brookstone, in Lamar county, is re-1
ported to havo been almostdemohshed,
but no loss of life is reported.
Michael Flynn tried to induce his
wife, who had left him, to return to
return to his cabin at "White Bend,
Texas, and, at her refusal, shot her
three time?, killing her. Ho then
shot himself through the heart.
Nicholas Bonnar, a half crazy
farmer, living south west of Ada, Minn.,
shot his son John, aged twenty-threo.
Tho young man found his father and
mother quarreliug. Ho interfered in
his mother's behalf, and tho father
took down a shotgun and shot him in
the side, killing him instantly.
Arch Stotts, swallowed a doso of
rough on rats at Richmond, Ky., and
died from its effects. His brother,
William Stotts, learning of tho fact of
his brother's death, desired to follow
him in tho samo manner. He found
tho bottlo whero his brothor had hid
den it, and swallowed tho contents,
thus following his brother into eternity.
A cyclone struck tho town of Ari
zona, Kansas, cutting its way through
tho thickest settled portion of the
place. Among tho buildingsdestroyed
aro tho Methodist church, Palace
hotel and a number of stores and
dwellings. Several people were
severely injured by Hying timbers.
While tho Mississippi river steamer
Inverness, of La Ciosso, Wis., was tow-1
ing a raft to Hannibal, tho two lower
Hues collapsed, and ten men were
blown overboaid or jumped into tho
water to escape a delugo of steam.
John Green, Chas. Conroy, William
Tiomey, Joseph Halifin and George
Crait wore drowned.
Tho residence of Mrs. Leo Jeromo
was entered by burglars at Wichita,
Kan., and $1U,UIX) worth of diamonds
stolen. Tho inmates of tho house
wore chloroformed. Mis. Jerome
caused a Bonsation boiuo weeks ago
by marrying tho head waiter of a
hotel. Sho is worth half a million.
Whitely, tho notorious outlaw and
train robbor, was captured after a hard
fight at Liberty villo, Texas. Two
deputy Bherifl's met Whitely on the
road. 'Dropping himsolf on tho side
of his horse, ho fired at tho officers
from under his neck. Tho tiro was
returned, Whitely's horso being killed,
and Whitely badly wounded.
A terriblo accident occurred to Burt
Reeves, and old and well known citi
zen of Bloomington, Ind. Ho was out
on his farm burning brush, when he
accidentally fell, face downward, iu
tho lire. Being a very heavy man, ho
was unable to move himself before, ho
was Biifibcated to death. Whon found,
his body was in Haines, tho head and
a portion of tho trunk having burned
Blancho Connors, a woman of mu
latto and Cherokeo descent, was con
victed of murthir in tho first degreo at
Kansas City, Mo. She enticed a man
named Joseph Peters into her room on
Christinas night for the purpose of
nibbing him. Failing to secure his
money, sho pushed him out on tho
sidewalk, whero sho and two male ac
complices killed him.
Harry Burrow, a little four-year-old
orphan hoy, was shot and fatally
wounded at Chattanooga. Tumi., bv an 1
eight-year-old boy named Harry John
son. Young Johnson was playing
with a Folbert target rillo, which "was
loadad. Ho pulled tho hammer back,
and, in trying to let it down, it slipped
t I .! . . I I ' i .
mmi jiih Kruau, mm nine mri;ou ino i
gun. Tlio hall struck Hairy Burrow
in tho mouth, and lodged in his neck.
Tho familv cf J. C. Waltmyor. rr- !
siding in West llemptield, Pa., has ,
been terribly atllicted. About ton !
days ago his son William was taken i
ill with a m.ilignant typo of diphtho-
ria, and died within a few davs : then
three other children, aged five, oiiiht
ami eleven, wero taken ill and died
within a day of each other. Now tho
four remaining children three well
jrown sons and daughter-are dead, j
Geo. Haminorsmith.nyoniii' jeweler,
and his friend, Guo. W. Moonoy. wero 1
examining a thirty-eight callihre ham-
merless pistol that ho had in tho slum
for some tune. They unlireaehed tho !
weapon, and, thoy thought, took all 1
ino cartridges oiu, out realty lull one
in, and they shut the cylinder down.
whon this was fired. Tho ball ontored
laiiinioisniith'rt right toiniilo and
pu&od through his luad, and ho diod
n about two liotiiy.
Devoted Principally to Washington
Territory and California.
An Indian horse-thief was shot
killed near Helena, Montana.
James B. Hays, Chief Justice of
Idaho, is dead. His age was -18 years.
Elwood's shinglo mill near Blaine,
W. T., was burned accidentally. Lots
John Kronkile, treasurer of Alpine
county, Nov., was thrown from ahorse
into tho Carson river, and drowned.
Tho sentence of death has been
passed upon Mrs. Pylo and John
Hum, at Walla Walla, W.T., by Judge
La vy ford.
W,T. Tompkins,living near Helena,
Montana, was shot in the neck by
Mrs. Gordon, while trying to get his
wife to go home and live with him.
Nelson Silsby attacked John Daly,
while drunk, at Jtocklin, Cal., and
kicked him to death. Silsby alleges
that D.tly insulted his wife. ,
Max Hoppe, a tramp, shot and
killed a man named Adams, near Fort
Conrad, Mont., who had been giving
him a free ride.
John Roo.les son of Rev. J. L.
Roodes, 19 years of age, was accident
ally drowned while bathing in the
Palouse river, W. T.
A shooting affray occurred at Flor
ence, Arizona, between J. P. Gabriel
and Joseph Phy. Phy received three
shots. Gabriel was shot near tho
heart. Both aro dead.
Dr. Gray, a physician of S.in Diego,
Cal., has been arrested for manslaugh
ter. Ho is cliarged with giving Jno.
Parker an overdose of medicine which
caused his death.
Firo broko out in the job office of
tho San Diego Printing Company and
rapidly spread, burning several one
story buildings and damaging the post
oiliee building to tho extent of $1,000.
Geo. T. McGinnis, aged 37, died
from injuries received at Seattle, W.
T., by being kicked in tho head by a
horse. Ho leaves a wifo and two chil
dren. At San ' Luis Obispo, Cal., C. It.
Bromley was leading a horse, which
became frightened and bolted. Brom
ley could not free himself and was
dragged to death. Tho body was ter
Cornelius Grady, a prominent stock
man and rancher on Snake rivor, W.
T., whilo crossing tho Pennawawa
ferry, on route to Walla Walla with a
band of beef cattle, was crowded oir
tho ferry by the cattlo and and lost
Firo started in some old boxes in the
rear of Foreman it Stone's furniture
sioro at oan uiego uai. nio names i
soon spread to the store, which was
totally destroyed. Tho loss reaches
$115,000; insuranco about $15,000.
The firo is supposed to be of incendiary
Nino fishing seines, with their com
plement of men, havo been busy night
and day lor months taking hsh from
tho noted Tulare lake. Hundreds of
tons have been caught and shipped to
all points in California. Much indig
nation is folt, and tho legislature will
bo asked to pass a law prohibiting
seine fishing in the lake.
Miss Florenco, a daughter of 11. M.
Bones, a well-to-do rancher near Vic
tor, Montana, gave birth 10 a child a
few days ago. It was believed that
tho little waif was niurdorod, and all
the parties suspected navo been ar
rested. Tho child was found buried
in a small box, near a stream, wrapped
in rags, and having its skull fractured.
Arthur D. January, of Sacramento,
Cal., who, whilo deputy iu the office
of state treasurer stole over $50,
000, and was convicted and sentenced
to ton years' imprisonmont. was
brought back to San Jose, and will I
have to serve tho term. Ho hid been
out on hail for seveial months, pend
ing appeal to the supremo court.
Fred Hoagland, an old resident of
Stockton, Cal., and John Giaunini, a
farmer, wore run into by a train, and
Hoagland was instantly killed. The
buggy was smashed and the horse's
leg broken, necessitating killing him.
Hoagland's body was carried some dis
tance and all the bones apparently
smashed. Giaunini was thrown about
fifty feet, and a piece of flesh was torn
out of his back, his head being severely
A collision occurred near Walnut
station, Arizona, between engine WIS, :
Engineer Stevens, and an east-bound
freight, Conductor Mahonoy. Head
Brakoinan llowull, of the freight, was
instantly killed, and tho engineer, fire
man and two brakeme on tho extra
wero seriously injured. Tho track was
torn up for some distil noo. Twelve
cars wero ditched and badlv smashed
t 0 , , , ,
. . ....... ... .... y'l"
W'wK'l ? Dn'SO, Onl., by a
Pimm tt'caei niueu juauui-u Mini Minn
the Goronado islands, whero ho had
been for two weeks, tho boat in which
ho had been fishinir havimr been
wrecked. Though tho island? aro hut
twenty miles from tho city vessels sol-
doiu go near them, and ho was unable
to attract attention. Ho was noarly
starved, being obliged to subsist on
raw fish, which ho caught with a lino
ho luckily saved,
A bUwU lw
4. Dllllill VAUUiMWII lit lilU VMWIiWlllIU
firo works manufactory at San Fran-
cisco. set firo to tho clothing of two
ompkwes, Frank Barry, a boy of 10,
and Michael Curtis, a vomit: man.
Bairv was stunned bv the shock of the
explosion, and bofoio assistance could
arrive ho was burned to death. Curtis
contrived to escape before the litmus
gained much headway. Ho was taken
to his homo, where ho lies iu a very
precarious condition, teirlbly burud
about tho logs.
Heliablo Quotations Carefully Revised
WHEAT Valley, $1 251 2GJ ;
Walla Walla, $1 17$l 18.
BARLEY W hole. $1 101 12;
ground, per ton, 20 0025 00.
OATS Milling, -1547c. ; feed, 44
HAY Baled, $14 00 15 00.
SEED Blue Gras, 14AlGc : Tim
othy, 9.J10c; Red Clover, 1415c.
FLOUR Patent Roller, $4 00;
Country Brand, $3 75.
EGGS Per doz, 18c.
BUTTEH Fanov mil, per pound.
40c; pickled, 27-J30c; inferior
CHEESE Eastern, 1620c; Ore
gon, 14lGo.; California, 14$e.
VEGETABLES Beets, per sack,
fl oU; cabb.tge, per lb., 2jc. ; carrots,
per sk., $1 25; lettuce, per doz. 25.?.;
onions, $1 75; potatoes, per 100 lbs.,
5075c. ; radishes, per doz., 1520c. ;
rhubarb, per lb., Ce.
HONEY In comb, per lb., 18c;
strained. 5 gal. tins, per lb, 8Jc
POULTRY Chickens, per doz..
$2 50)3 00; ducks, per doz., $5 00
8 00; geese, $G 008 00; turkeys,
per lb., lb18c.
PROVISION-: Oregon hams, 13.c
per li. ; avastem, J.ll.J$c. ; Eaetern
breakfast bacon, 12 . per lb.; Oregon
12(S)13c; E.iFi.-ru lard, 10llc. per
lb.; Oregon, 10c.
GREEN FRUITS Apples. $2 00
2 50; Sicily lemons $5 00(S5 50
California, $3 50 5 00 ; Naval oranges
to ou; Kiversuie, $3 50; Medilerra
nean, $3 75.
uiuiiiD i'ltuiifa sun anea ap
ples, 74o. per lb. ; machine dried, 10
11c; pit'ess plums, 13c,; Italian
prunes, 1014c. ; peaches, 1214c
raisins, $2 252 50.
MEAT Beef, wholesale, 44Ac ;
dressed, oc; slieen, dfsc ; dre(-ed, 7c,
hogs, dressed, 77c", veal, 78c.
WOOL Valley, 1819c; Eastern
Oregon. 16 18c
HIDES Dry beef hides, 810i.;
culls, b7i; km and calf, S10j
Murrain, 10 12c. ; tallow, 33Ac.
LUMBEH Rough, per M, $10 00;
edged, per M, $12 UO; T. and G
sheathing, per M,$13 00: No. 2 floor
ing, per m, -tics uu; ino. coiling, per
M,$18 UU; JNo. II rustic, per M, $18 00
clear rough, per M, $20 00 ; clear P. 4
o, per m, ou; ino. i lioormg, por
M. $22 50; No. 1 ceiling, per M,
$22 50; No. 1 rustic, per M, $22 50;
stepping, per M, $25 00; over 12
inches wide, extra., $1 00; lengths 40
to 50, extra, $2 00; lengths 50 to GO,
extra, $4 00; 1 lah, per M, $2 50;
U lath, per M, $2 75.
BEANS Quote small whites,$4 50;
pinks, $3; bayos, $3; butter, $4;
Limas, $4 50 per cental.
COFFEE Quote Salvador, lGc;
Costa Rica, 1820c ; Ri , lS20c. ;
Java, 274c; ArbuokleVs misted, 20jk
SALT Liverpool grades of lino
quoted $18, $19 and $20 for tho three
sizes; stock salt, $10.
PICKLES Kegs quoted steady at
SUGAR Prices for barrels; Golden
O.Oc; extra C, b ; dry granulated
7 .J J. ; cruyhed, line crushed, cube an
powdered, 74c ; extra C, Ggc; halves
and boxes, c higher.
OF GENERAL INTEREST.
-A man bearing tho rcmarkablo
naino of Bloomer Blizzard died recent
ly in Nowburg, N. Y.
A Racino man said "white horso"
whon ho mot a red-headed girl the
I othor day. Sho fell on to him lustily,
I knocking linn into a muddy ditch with
A citizon of Blakoly, Ga., has i
novel method of hunting wild turkovs
lie takes a tamo gobblor alonsr, tothors
it to a troe, then hides and waits for
tho wild birds to conio up and mako
A young man in a railway carriago
was making fun of a lady's hat to an
oldorlygentloiiian in tho seat with him.
"Yes," said the elderly gentleman,
"that's my wife, and 1 told her if sho
woro that bonnet some fool would
mako fun of it."
It is stated by an English dealer
In East India cereal that tlioijo aro
moro than ton thousand d inure tit vari
tics of rice, and yet that thoro is only
ono species. Tho different varieties aro
of all colors, from black to palo yel
low and snow white
Tho heirs of a merchant of Mon
foii, Mass., recoived tho othor day
thirty cents, sent by a man in Penn
sylvania, who wrote that thoy woro to
pay for four apples that ho took from
tho merchant's storo whon ho lived
thore forty years ago.
A Richmond, Mich., woman lost
her watch a few days ago. Sho could
not find it, but wherovor she wont sho
heard that watch tick. This nerved
her on to greater efforts, and sho
turned the house upside down in her
search and then found tho watch iu
Tho Adrian, Mich., Press discov
ered an old account book of tho crop
of 1830, ami learns from it that wood
was worth if I a conl that year, a ynrd
of calico 37J cunts, a pen six oontsj
tea was worth CO conts and cofl'oo 2'2
conts; shirting 12 cents and a spool
of thread nine cunts. Buttor was
worth 30 on u, whisky 6C cents a gal
lon, and liM pounds of Hour $8.
The Weston lender is urging the
citizens of that place to build water
The construction of a new steam
boat on Upper Kl.mieth lake is talked
A company has incorporated at
Lostine for tho purpose of building a
John Pomeroy, of Huutington, has
been adjudged insane and sent to the
The new Catholic church to be built
at Salem will cost $6,000 and will seat
A Chinaman jumped into the Wil
lamette river at Portland, but was res-
cii4d in a liall-drowned condition.
John Barker, of Buttea creek, Mor
row county, was fined $100 for allow
ing his saabby sheep to scatter on the
The Dalles Lumbering Company's
flume is within six miles of that city,
and the work is being pushed as rap
idly as possible.
The chief engineer and assistants of
the Portland Paid Firo Department
were prr-sented with gold badges by
the members, for attention to duty.
Percival Nash, fell from a wairon at
Nashville, tho wheels pahsing over his
breast. It is thought the boy, who is
iu years old, will recover.
A postolhce has been established at
Mill City, Marion county, and Joseph
A. Shaw has been appointed post
George Williams has been appointed
postmaster at Wamte. Wasco county,
in place of M. A. Chamberlain, who
There is talk at Harrisburg of con-
BLiuung u Winer uncn ior tne pur
pose of furnishing water power for a
paper mill, which Portland capitalists
propose to build there.
Robert Brown, the brakeman who
was charged with having robbed the
body of Georgo Kalmback, had his
trial at Huutington and was fully ex
on era ted.
Grant county's school fund has been
quite materially argumented since the
commencement of circuit court
Several large fincB and a lot of smaller
ones is the caiuo thereof.
Miss Wmiberly, a student at the
Ongon State Normal School from
Roseburg, is lying very low witl
symptoms of brain fever, and her re
covery is doubtful.
A short time ago in Jordan valley,
Al Corpc, an old-time stage driver,
struck Dick Munger over the head
with a spade. It is said that Munger
The barge Mirgey collided with the
draw of the Morrison street bridge,
Portland, bending the kingpost back
several feet, lif'ing tho pilot house
from over tho head of the captain and
tearing away tho smokestack.
Billy Roberts, who was arrested up
on a charge of an assault with intent
to kill was examined in LiukviUe last
week and acquitted, the evidence
showing that he was tho assaulted
H. Hosford's store at Canby burned
down at an estimated loss of $4,500,
building inclusive. It is rumored to
have been the work of an incendiary,
by boring holes through tho wall and
pouring coal oil through to start the
Whilo A. D. Hadley, of Burnt river,
Baker county, was endeavoring to
break a coll, ho was severely kicked
by tho animal on the right cheek
bone just below tho eye, breaking the
cheek bone and cutting him just above
tho eye and down the right side of the
nose, making a seveio and painful
Tho locomotive for tho Southern
Oregon Company's logging railroad at
Sumner, is on the way from the East
to San Francisco, and" on its arrival
there will bo shipped immediately to
Coos bay. The track is now being
laid, and everything will be in readi-no-s
for hauling logs when tho loco
Jo Ben Line, agent at the Siletz In
dian Reservation, is again in peaceful
possession of allairs attho reservation.
A special agent accompanied him on
his return, aftr being driven off by
the Indians, and a peace has been
patched up, and things aro again mov
ing along quietly without danger of
any further disturbance on the part o
Jacob Bashor, who lives about three
miles east of Salem, built a barbed
wiro fnce on his place. He hardly
finished putting up the fence until a
mare belonging to him, valued at $150,
ran against it at full speed. Sho tore
down the fence and cut her windpipe
ami ngui jugniar vein, and died in
twenty minutes. Another horse with
hor was pretty badly used up, but will
recovor. Air. Bashor savs that ho
won't put up any more barbed wire
fenco on Ins place.
The Ailvt'iiturt'. u ore.
AmoiiK tho incidents of tlm cinrm i
Boston, Thu Ultvtrio Kuvlow ruhitns hnw Mm
entanglement of n liorx, nttaeluxl to ouo of
uiocoiit uon very teams was i-aiiM-d by tho
wires. It was in tho evonimr. Tho Imrs..
got entangled and tho wn-os throw hiin down.
Some, of tho Miarl of wirw nruveti to l thmk
of electric lights Thu kioking and tho strug
gles of tho hurt brought tie) wirus in oontaet
anil in tho words of tho tomiirnr r.-....!
imo ho kicked it would lighten, ami every
ono it liglimtied ho would kick! 1 tlu.nri.f
to iiiyxtlf, 'Ho U bewitched with lightning. '
1 ti-Mkl to unhuttoo linn, aud ovary Hutu I
unlmikHiwI oiMt itUo ho was umu-b uiti,
blnnig in aiiottHM-." Tbo noar luiru
wuij raMtti rroni uU ikjtiI by
rtli.' iui.1l i-sIixk! tho CUU0 of tho
Everything of General Interest
Devoted to the Interests of Farmers
The Corillncr Moth.
The remedy, or rather tin preventive
for the codling moth, is to spray the
trees with a solution of some poison
that will deter tho motli from laying
its eges in the calvx or blossom end of
apples and pears, early in tho spring.
I he ft tut then is very small, and as it
grows it sheds off the poison and the
mature fruit shows no trace of it.
Paris green and London purple aro the
remedies, but Paris green with diffi
culty forms a Folution, while London
purple mixes with ease in water, and
very thoroughly. It only costs 25
cents per pound, and a pound will b
enough for sixty gallons of water. Tho
praying is done by an apparatus
easily fixed up and capable of lasting
many years. It needs some sort or a
tank or tub, closed tight, to hold sav
twenty galloiiB of water. Tho fori e
pump is rigged up to tlm and it is
mounted on a sled or a cart and drawn
thiough tho orchard. From the force
pump there can go two lengths of
hose and a pipe with a spraying rose.
A man drives and works tho pump
and two other men use the hoso and
pipes, spraying two trees at a time.
With this apparatus in good working
order, three men can spray 500 trees
in a day, and likely more than that.
The solution, if sprayed in a warm
day, will almost instantly dry oil', and
will not show on the fruit, or even
taste on it, but it s enough to disgust
the codling moth an 1 sive the fruit.
This moth flies at night, in the early
days of May. The trees should be
well sprayed as soon as the fruit is set
and the bloom falls, and a second time
in twelve days or a fortnight after
wards. The cost of spraying trees is not
even a penny a tree and if tho trees
bring a bushel of fruit that is a small
price to pay for insuring it against
harm. Old trees, of large size, of
courso will require more time and
more of the solution, but if the codling
moth can be kept ofT and the fruit
saved at a cost of a cent a bushel for
the fruit, no one should complain.
Now is the time to do the spraying,
and tho knowkdge that several or
chardists having boon fixing up spray
ing apparatus, and that it has been
found to work well in every respect,
induces a further notice of an import
The chief thing that most farmers
need to nmko more money is to get
out of the old ruts. The extra care
and labor which market gardening
implies are too many an objection.
If the farmer begins gradually and
moderately in market gardening he
will probably make a succets of
i hat also, besides being a better farmer
in every respect.
Whenever grain is largely grown,
most farmers havo more straw than
thoy can profitably use. Why notr
then, save barn room by cutting the
grain high and leaving a long stubble?'
The straw, as a manure, is certainly
more evenly distributed than it coulil
be by any other means. Stubble is al
so no insignificant protection to young
clover in winter. It holds the snow
over it, when without the stubble the
field would be wind-swept, and tho
ground much more deeply frozen.
The contact of tho clover leaves with
snow in winter keeps the plant fiom
injury, no matter how cold tho
weather may be. The stubs of straw
are by spring time mostly flattened to
the ground, where they rot under tho
glowing clover in spring. By tho
time tho clover is out tho straw will
be thoroughly rotted, so as to give
litt'e trouble in haying if the clover be
as stiong and rank as it should be.
Most farmers have noticed that hay
rapidly wastes when handled two or
uiree nines in winter. n tney are
obliged to buy a load toward spring, it
does not go so far as that pitched di
rectly from their own bays or stacks
into the feed manners or boxes. There
is doubtless considerable waste of the
finer portions of the hay, which aro
broken oil' and fall on the ground dur
ing repeated handling. But the newly
mown hay is not packed closely, anil
cannot be it is so dry. It looks to be
more than it is. If tho farmer in
sprint; is obliged to buy hay he should
usually feed moro grain to mako it go
farther. Tho ono aihantaue of hay
on most farms is that it is on the
premises, and it costs moro to market
it than it does crain. Tho latter in
most places furnishes tho cheaper nut
riment, and when both havo to be
bought, the cheaper handling of grain'
is an argument in its favor tia against
hay or coarser feed.
Crushed corn or fine-ground meal is
more economical to feed to cattlo than
com in tho ear, for they cannot well
masticate the latter, and more or less
passes whole through the intestines,
undigested. Hoises and mules with
sound, smooth teeth can grind it pretty
well ; still it is not so fully digested as
fine meal. But this last should not
be fed alono; it ought always to bo
mixed with bran or shorts, at the rate
of one-fourth to three-fourths, accord
ing to circumstances. If for working
or storo animals, one-fourth of Indian
meal would bo a good proportion, hut
if fatting cattlo. one-half to three-
fourths might bo best. If a half to a
whole pint of linseed or cotton-seed
moal woro added to evt rv four (marts
of tho abovo meal ration, it would bo
so much tho bettor, as this lubricates
tho intestines', assist, diirestion and is
also quito nutritions. There is very
little woik for a mill to grind it with
tho grain, atul wo doubt whether the
extra ox pen to of doing this is paid.
in chief valuo is to lighton up or sep-
irute the liner prtrtip'rs r f Uimo4l, or
in thinning or di'iuii.g it.