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About The Oregon scout. (Union, Union County, Or.) 188?-1918 | View Entire Issue (April 13, 1888)
OREGON SCOUT.! TELEGRAPHIC.
JONES & CHANCEY, Publishers.
A Russian law forbids the uso of
exclamation points in newspaper ar
ticles in that country.
There are 900 beet sugar factories
in Europe. France manufactures 000,-
000 tons of sugar, and Germany 1,024,
3: . . r-
An Alhenr (Ga.) paper mill iB rc
ported to have turned out a sheet of
manila paper six miles in length and
five feet wide, without a break.
Ik Germany very nearly twelvo
pounds of sugar are now mado from
100 pounds of beets, the cost of tho
production being only two cents per
The pig iron product of tho United
States in 1887 was 6,417,148 tons,
uch tho largest on record. Tho next
largest production was in 1880, when
5,683,329 gross tons wore turned out.
Near tho town of Soloure, Switzer
land, a bird's nest was recently found
which was constructed entirely of tho
imperfect watch springs thrown out
from tho workshops. It has been do-
posited in tho local museum.
The largest cotton mill in tho world
is Baid to bo located at Kranholm, in
Kuasia. Tho establishment contuins
340,000 spindles and 2,200 looms, dis
poses of a force of 0,300 horse-power,
and gives employment to 7,000 hands.
A male child one year old, and
weighing only one pound, is on exhi
bition in Minnesota. Tho midget
ireighod six ounces at birth. Its bed
is a doll's cradle, which resti upon a
tand at the side of tho mother's bed.
Tho child is hearty, lively, intelligent
For tho twelvo months ending Do
ecmber 21, 1887, tho total number of
immigrants arrived in tho United
States was 509,281, as compared with
380,031 pcrsonH arrived during tho
preceding twelvo months. Of tho
above number 125,712 wore from
Great Britain and Ireland and 85,920
ItHi'RKSKNTATiVK Hermann has re
signed from servico on tho Houso
Committee on Manufactures, in con
scquoncc of an understanding with
Buchanan of Now Jersey, who had re
signed his placo on the Committeo on
Indian Donrcdation Claims. Hermann
waa assigned to sorvico on Indian
Tub statistical returns at tho Agri
cultural Department for March show
tho corn crop to bo tho smallest sinco
1884, estimated at 508,000,000 busholB,
a deorcaso of about 100,000,000 from
last yoar. Tho indicated stock of
whoat in tho hands of farmers is 132,
000,000 bushols, as against 122,000,000
bushols at tho samo timoono year ago.
A new British industry iB tho prep
aration of basio slag for agricultural
uinure. Tho material is pulverized
by machinory to such an extent that
tho finished product will puss through
a siovo of ten thousand IioIcb to tho
quaro inch. Tho fertilizing proper
ties of this Blag are duo to tho largo
proportion of iron and phosphoric acid
which it contains.
The Houbu Committeo on Pensions
eatimato that tho payment of $8 per
month to survivors of Indian wars,
from 1832 to 1812, and their widows,
will amount to $000,000. Thero woro
63,903 men engaged in tho Florida,
lllackhawk, Ohorokeo and Creek wars,
of whom 47,520 woro volunteers, 1,116
regulars, and 3,000 BailorB. Eight
dollars will bo paid to all who served
The tower which is being erected
by tho Russians on tho highest point
of tho Mount of Olives is already sev
eral BtoricB high, but one moro is to bo
added. Tho object is to mnko it so
high that both tho Mediterranean and
Dead Seas may bo seen from tho top.
A numbor of bolls will bo placed in tho
tower. In digging tho foundation
seven Christian graves woro found,
togolhor with an inscription in Greek,
in which tho word "Stepliamia" could
yet bo deciphered.
A New York man has invented a
dovico to Bavo horses in case of tiro,
It can bo worked either by electricity
or hand. At a certain temperature a
hell will ring, and tho moment tho
bell shall ring tho doors will tly open,
the horses will bo unhitched and two
small streams of water will striko each
horso in tho faco, To eseapo tho wa
ter tho horseB will back out of tho
stalls, and onco out of thorn thoy will
liavB tin opportunity of seeing a way
of (wcapo through tho doors.
Epitow of the Principal Erects
Attracting Pablie Interest
Tho steamer Gannonburg, wrecked
at Nantucket, valued at $150,000, is a
Tho French government haa de
clined to accept Italy's proposal for a
Willie Jack, aged 12 years, was ac
cidcntally shot and killed at Butte,
Montana, by a playmate.
Tho C. B. A Q. R. It. paint shop
building at Aurora, Ilhnoif, was de
stroyed by fire. Loss, $200,000.
Ex-Lieutenant Governor Wm, Dor-
sheimcr, of New York, publisher of the
Now York Star, died at Savannah,
Albert Murrish, a farmer living near
Kearney, Neb., shot his wife dead and
fatally wounded Thomas Fatterson,
who was employed about tho farm,
A temblo explosion occurred in a
coal mine at Rich Hill, Mo., imprison
inc thirty-five miners. Those not
killed outright wero to badly injured
that they will die.
Tho statement of the Philadelphia fc
Heading Railroad r.nd Iron Compann s
for threo months ending February 29,
1888. compared with tho samo period
in 1887, shows a decrease in gross
earnings of $2,222,140.
E. F. Willman, formerly local editor
of tho Leadvillo Herald, and at ono
tinio connected with the Donvor IHmen,
suicided at Salt Lake City. Ho loft
a note stating that he was tired of life.
Ho was thirty years of ago.
Tho British ship Dolbadern Castle
has arrived in San Francisco, 143 days
from Swansea. On tho trip out the
vessel lost her third mate. Ho fell
from tho main-topmaat rigging, and
striking on his head was killed.
Twonty-fivo convicts mutinied at
tho Birmingham, Ala., prison. Officers
attempted to suppress them and two
of tho negro convicts were killed. Tho
Coronor's jury returned a verdict that
tho Biiooting was done in tho porlorm-
ance of tho prison officers' duty.
Capt. Charles R. Barnett has been
relieved from duty at Los Angeles and
ordered to Baltimore, Md., relieving
Mni. Gilbert C. Smith, who has been
ordered to Holona, Mont., to relievo
Capt. Charles Bird. Tho latter has
been ordered to Washington, D. C.
A dispatch from Gila Bend, Arizonu,
says Unit ono of tho Mexicans who
assassinated Sunt. Gribblo, of the
VuUuro mine, and two companions,
was shot and killed while resisting ar
rest at tho Gila River Irrigation Com
pany's camp. Tho $7,000 bar of
bullion was recovered.
A mob of women in Constantinople
sought to obtain arrears of pensions
due their husbands from tho govern
ment, and besieged tho office of tho
Minister of Finance. Tho minister
was secreted to escape tho fury of tho
mob. Tho mob killed a woman who
was ndvising them to make their do
Tho Emperor of Germany receives
daily reports concerning tho Hoods.
Tho. damages aro estimated at $50,
000,000. Tho towns of Botzonburg,
Domitz and Damonburg aro still
fiooded. Twonty-nino lives have been
lost and 10,000 head of cattlo have
porished. Thiity thousand people aro
homoless on account of tho Hood.
Donvor had a grand six-days' cele
bration on tho opening of tho Pan
handle route. It is estimated that
75,000 peoplo witnessed tho parade
Tho streets wero a wildorness of Hags,
bunting and banners, while tho pavo-
monts for miles weio ono iimbs of
humanity, 'so closely packed that all
travel had to bo suspended for several
M. DcLos8ops writes to tho financial
correspondents of tho Panama Canal
Company that 108,230 new obligations
havo boon subscribed for placing 50,
000,000 francs in the hands of tho
company. Ho rogards this as satis
factory ; but authorizes correspondents
to continue to roceivo subscriptions.
Ho hoped that tho government would
now authorize a lottery.
A sovoro explosion was folt through
out Westchefcter county, Now l ork.
Doors and windows in houses wero
rattled, and peoplo thought thoy had
experienced a shock of onrthquako.
A largo quantity of powder exploded
in tho Slycknoy powdor works, noar
Ashford. At tho Bpot whore tho mills
stood thero is a hole big enough to
bury a house. Two workmen wero
blown to atoms. Thoy wero tho ouly
men in or near tho works.
Tho French court of appeals has
rovorBed tho decision of tho lower
court in the caso of M. Wilson, who
was charged with complicity in tho
decoration scandals, and acquits Wil
son of tho charges against him. His
comrades in tho same ease weio also
acquitted. Tho judgment of tho court
severely condemuB acts imputed to
Wilson and others, hut declares that
existing laws do not apply to tho of
fenses charged against them.
A terrible wind storm Btruck tho
little town of Ninncscuh, Mo. It de
stroyed everything in its path, leaving
only threo houses standing in tho
wholo place. Two churches, live
stores and llfteon dwelling houses
woro absolutely torn to pieces, and tho
Hying timbers caused tho death of
three and tho maiming of seventeen
oitixoiiB. Tho dead aro Mrs. J. O.
Williams, hor infant and Geoniu liar
desty. Those most severely hurt aro
James Williams, both leirs broken and
severely bruised, ami will probably die.
unanea uordon, injured in tho back,
it is supposed fatally.
Devoted Principally to Washington
Territory and California.
Palouse, W. T., has incorporated.
Rufus Ford shot and killed himself
at Silver City, Nevada.
A Christian Church Society haa been
organized at Colfax, W. T.
About 3,000 tons of wheat aro stored
in the Colton, W. T., warehouse
A largo barn, ita contents and nine
horses, burned at Vacaville, Cal. Loss
A rabbit drive near Selma, Cal., re
sulted in tho slaughter of 12,230
Tho Booth-Barrett encasement of
threo weeks realized $08,000 at Sau
Tho east bound train was detained
at. Stampode, W. T., about four hours
by a landslide.
T. J. Abbott, aged 55 years, a resi
dent of Santa Ann, Cal., was thrown
fiom his buggy and killed.
A Mexican attempted to steal a ride
on a freight train at Beaumont, Cal.,
and was run over and killed.
David Wilcox, of New York, has
been appointed Receiver of Public
Moneys at Walla Walla, W. .
L. B. Cornell, of New York, has
been appointed Receiver of Public
Moneys at Spokane Falls, W. T.
H. W. McNair, about 50 years old,
committed suicide at a hotel in Ta
coma, W. T., by taking morphine.
Twenty-five logging camps and
seven canneries will be in operation
in Pacific county, W. T., this Beason.
Efforts aro being made to secure the
funds necessary to finish up tho col-
lego at Colfax, W. T., for use this
Samuel Stewart, a well known resi
dent of Colton, W. T., committed
suicide near that town by drowning
himself in .the lake.
A young man about 24 years old,
named Joseph Greer, committed sui
cide at Snohomish, W. T by shooting
himself in the head.
Tho list of salmon canneries on this
coast now number 103, a considerable
increase over tho number last year
when 997,000 cases wero packed.
The town of Blacks, Cal., was par
tially burned. Tho charred remains
of a man were found in the debris.
Tho origin of tho fire is not known.
In a snloon row at San Bernardino,
Cal., Henry Wilson and Oliver Grif
fith wero fatally shot. Officer Codoria
and a Mexican wore also badly hurt.
Julius Shockcn, a stranger in Spo
kane Falls, W. T., died rather suddenly
from a knife wound accidentally in
flicted while in a stato of intoxication.
While a gang of Chinamen wero
working in a largo gravel bank near
Los Olives, Cal., the bank gave way,
killing two and breaking tho leg of
In tho Biiperior court at Sacramento,
Cal, George A. Turlcy and Frank
Abbott were sentenced to threo years
each at Folsom for voting illegally at
a recent city election.
Tho roundhouse at Stampede, W.T.,
with two engines, were burned. The
ironwork will be takon to Tacoma for
repairs. Only ono man was present
when tho lire started, and lie could do
Tho ship J. D. Walker reports that
during a gale on hor tr'p from Seattle
to San Francisco, she lost two men
overboard named Denis Naglo and
Thomas Kane. Tho men wero swept
from tho jibboom.
At Chico, Cal., a 2-year-old child of
Wm. Maro was drowned in a wash
boiler containing threo inches of water.
Tho mother left tho child for a few
moments, placing hor nour tho boiler,
and when sko returned she found her j
According to tho report of tho com
missioner of navigation, tho tonnage
of tho Pacific Coast, on Juno 30, 1887,
was as follows : Stato of California
Numbor of vessels, 80-1 ; tonnage, 254,
092. Orogon Vessels, 18S; tonnage,
52,021. Washington Territory Ves
sels, 165 ; tonnage, 49,400. Alaska
Vessels, 19; toningo. 030. Total
numbor of vessel, 1,230 ; total ton
Contracts were signed by parties in
Fresno, Cal., and a man has gone to
North Carolina to ship to that county
300 negro families. Most of these will
replace Chineso in tho orchards and
vineyards. It is said that the women
and children in vineyards do better
than chinamon, while the men in tho
sweat and drying houses learn tho
business of curing raisius much better
and faster than tho Chinese.
Ira Hummel, formerly a waiter in
restaurant at Seattlo, W. T., shot
and dangerously wounded John Mi-
haolson, a laborer. Alio two had
been drinking heavily, and Hummel
took Miohaelson out on tho street to
show him sonio real estate which ho
owned, and to buy which Miehaolson
had previously Baid ho had sufficient
money. It was evidently to obtain
this that Hummel shot his companion.
Tho wvuuded man was takon to tho
Dr. J. B. Zangorlo, of Virginia City,
Nov., was arrested for concealing seven
case of smallpox. Tho President of
tho Board of Health discovered tho
cases. Zangorlo violated an ordinance
which requires physicians to report
all oases of contagious diseaso to tho
Board of Health. The ordinance im
poses a tine of $500 and imprisonment
for sixtv days for jx violation of ita
provisions. It is probable that tho
extreme ponalty will bo imposed in
Zangorlo'a caso as tho discovery of tho
concealed cases haa caused a general
sentiment of intense indignation. ,
Legislation Pertaining to the Interest
of the Paciflo Coast
Toller introduced tho following
amendment to the bill to forfeit cer
tain railread land grants : "That in
all cases where any of the lands for
feited by this act have boon sold by
the United States for cash, or entered
by homestead or pro-emption Bottlers,
or selected by any state as part of tho
grant to such stato in aid of any pub
lic work which haa been fully com
pleted, the right of all persons bo hold
ing lands shall bo confirmed."
Farren's bill to prohibit selling or
giving away cigars, cigarettes or to
bacco to minors was passed without
dissent. Tho Senate haa been deluged
with petitions from the Women's
Christian Temperance Union, and'tho
like, urging tho passage of the bill
Under the bill it will be a misde
meanor for a father to give his son
under 21 years of ago a cigar.
Mitclieil introduced a resolution in
the Senate directing the Committee
on lemtories to inquire into the valid
ity of tho act of the Legislative As
sombly of Washington Territory
providing that the next session of the
legislative assembly of that Territory
shall begin on the second Monday o
The Senate passed a bill permitting
the construction of a bridge over the
Columbia river above Vancouver.
Dolph offered a resolution, which
was adopted, calling on the Secretary
of the Treasury for information as to
the necessity; for fortifications in Puget
Sound, and a'a to tho practicability of
fortiying tho entrance to the Sound.
A bill reported in the Senate to per
fect tlio.Jquarantme service provides
for the following additional quarantine
stations: At San Dfego, Cal., $55,500 ;
San Francisco, $103,000; Port Town
send, W. T., $55,000.
A bill to amend the naturalization
law so as to require would-be-citizons
to make oath that they are not polyga'
mists, anarchists or communists was
introduced by Stewart.
Tho Houso adopted a resolution of
the committee on elections, in tho caso
of Post against Worthington, Tenth
Illinois district, confirming the right
of Post, the sitting member.
The river and harbor bill has been
completed by tho committee. Tho
appropriations for rivers and harbors
on tho Pacific Coast are :
California Humboldt, $150,000 ;
Oakland, $175,000; Wilmington, $90,-
000; Yaquina Bav, $120,000; San
Joaquin, $25.000 ; Redwood, $74,000 ;
Mokelumne, $2,000; San Luis, $25,
000; Sacramento and Feather rivers,
$20,000; San Diego, $10,000; Napa,
$7,500 ; Petaluma, $2,000 ; deep sea
Oregon Coquillo river, $20,000;
Coos bay, $50,000; Cascades, $175,
000; Upper Columbia, $10,000; mouth
of the Columbia, $350,000; Lower
Willamotte, $80,000; Upper Wilam
otte, $15,000 ; Coquillo, between Co
quillo and Myrtle Point, $2,000 ; gaug
ing tho water of tho Columbia, $2,500,
Washington Chehalis river, $2,000 ;
Uowiitz river, :2,ihju; okagit river,
Tho bill makes an appropriation of
$19,432,783 and is tho largest bill of
the kind eer brought in.
Tho Mississippi river from Minne
sota to tho Gulf of Mexico receives $3,
385,000; St. Mary's river, $1,500,000;
Missouri river, $025,000.
Felton introduced a bill to autho
rize tho admission, free of duty, of
machinery for tho manufacture of
fOHTliA.NI I'KOnUCK 11AUHKT,
Fancy roll, tf lb
Eastern, full cream
Apples, qra. ska an
ska and bxa...
tVuricottt. new crop
Peaches, impeded, new .
Pears, machine dried....
Pitted tiltuiiB, Orogon. . . .
FIksv Cal., in bgs and bxa
Cal. Prunes, French
1' i.ouk -Portland
Pat, Roller, tf bbl 9
Salem do do
White Lily V bbl
Country brand a 60
Superllne 2 to
Wheat, Valley. tf 100 Iba . . . 1 22J
do Walla Walla 1 16
Barley, whole, tf ctl
do ground, tf ton 20 00 25 00
Oat, choice milling tf bush 47 SO
do feed, tfood tocholce,old 40 (4 47
Rve. tM00 Iba 1 10 1 25
Urau, tf ton 10 00 17 00
Shorts, tf ton IS 00 10 00
Hay, tf ton, baled, (418 00
Chop. tf ton 23 00 25 00
Oil cake meal tf ton 82 00 (&S3 00
Apple, Oregon, tf box
Cherries, Oregon, tfdrm...
Lemons, California, tfbx..
Limes, tf 100
Riverside oranges, tf box. , ,
Loa Angeles, do do ...
Peackea, tf box
Dry, over 10 lbs, tf tb
SVet salted, over 65 lbs
Cabbaee, tf lb...
Carrota, tf sack
Potatoes, new, tf 1C0 lbs . .
Kant Oregon, Spring clip.,
Vallov Orcgou, do ,,
Everything of General Interest in
Tramps in Roseburg are put to w( rk
Milton is already arranging for a
Fourtli of July celebration.
The O. R. & N. Co's taxes in Union
county amounted to $7,554.08.
In Douglas county, Volney Oden
killed a largo eagle measuring seven
feet from tip to tip.
The census taken by the city au
thorities shows Medford to contain
over 1,000 inhabitants.
Crump, convicted at Heppner of
manslaughter, was sentenced to fifteen
years' imprisonment and to pay a fine
Patents have been grinted to Pat
rick F. McGee, Orogon City, car heater,
Frank J. Orouoh, Eugene City, appa
ratus for heating cars.
A man named Sawyer drodped dead
on the Sandy road about a mile and a
half from East Portland. Tho cause
of death was heart disease.
Wm. E. Pinkstan was found dead
in his room in a hotel in East Portland.
Tho jury returned a verdict of death
from au overdose of morphine, acci
The State Board of Immigration has
issued a public appeal for subperip
lions to aid in advertising the resources
of Oregon. Thoy desire to expend
$2,500 monthly fr that purpose.
The Stockmen's Association of Long
Creek, Grant county, elected the fol
lowing officers: S. Reynolds, presi
dent; Ed. C. Allen, vict-president; J.
W. Keeney secretary ; G. S. L. Smith,
James Brandley, convicted of firing
the town of Loxington, was sentenced
to five years' imprisonment. James
Cannon's case was postponed. He
was indicted for complicity in the
burning of Lexington.
All tho registers and receivers of the
various land offices in Oregon have
sent a petition to the Secretary of the
Interior, requesting him to urge Con
gress to make an ample appropriation
for Burvcy of public lands in Oregon.
George Barker, a Portland painter,
lost all the fingers of one hand by the
explosion of a fulminating cap. Not
knowing the dangerous nature of tho
explosive he began to pick at it with
a pocket, knife, with the above result.
Nat. McEwin met with a fearful
death near Fossil. Ho was leading a
fractious horse by a rope attached to
his wrist, when the animal became
frightened aud ran away, dragging
McEwin until he was fatally injured.
Congress has appropriated $5,000
with which to replace the cable be
tween Astoria and Fort Canby. For
a time it was thought tho old cable
could be raised and repaired, but this
was found to be impracticable, as in
places the cable was found to be cov
ered with sand to a depth of ten feet
Articles of Incorporation of the
Northwest Industrial Association have
been filed in the office of the county
clerk of Multnomah county. The
association has a capital stock of $100,
000, and its object is to purchase land
and erect buildings in Portland in
which to hold fairs for the display of
mechanical, agricultural, mineral and
other products of the Stato.
Tho little 0-year-old daughter of
Geo. Will, a farmer living near Au
rora, was fatally burned. Accom
panied by neighboring children, the
little girl went out in tho field where
tho farm hands wero burning up old
rubbish, such as dry grass, etc. Her
dress; caught lire, and before proper
assistance could be given her, she was
burned so badly that she died tho fol
Firo broko out in tho upper story o
the Eureka hotel at Perrydale, Poll-
county, and soon enveloped the ontiro
building. The Humes spread to other
buildings, and notwithstanding the
great 'exertions of tho citizens and
many people from tho surrounding
country who had been attracted by the
fire, tho hotel, furniture store, machine
shop ami grocery store near by burned
to tlio ground. With great difliculty
the ronnunder of the town was saved
Tho lepors confined at the poor farm
noar rortiaiui, some ten r twelve,
frequently leave tho farm in a body,
visit Portland and demand money of
their countrymen. I hoy are not
modest in their demands, generally
asking lor .uu or .fouu. Tins is usu
ally paid, but tho last time the Chinese
merchants refused tho demnnd and
tho Chief of Polico herded tho lepers
m the joss houso and induced them to
return to tho poor farm by promising
to sond them a supply of food and
Fire broko out in the Stahley chair
factory at Salem, and in a few mo
mouis mo eniiro structure was in
names. uonsiuerauie uiiucuity was
experienced by the firo department in
securing water. The factory waa
burned entirely to tho ground, except
tho engine and dry rooms, which were
of brick, and tho roof of which only
was destroyed. Tho establishment and
machinery wero tho property of tho
Stahley chair factory and were valued
at about $15,000. Tli6ro was no in
Biiranco upon thorn. Messrs. Mount
it McMillan, lessees, had been operat
ing the factory but a short time, and
they loso soveral thousand dollars'
worth of stock, upon which thero is
mauranco of $1,500. This waa tho
only factory of any importance in
Salem, and about twenty-four hands
men and wameu are thrown out of
employment. It is stated tho owners
will niako an offer to Mount it Mc
Millan to turn over tho property saved
if thoy will rebuild tho eetablUhment.
the Interests of
Care of 1'oultry.
If the hens can be furnished with a.
sufficient variety of food, and especially
with gieen food, and the hen-houses
are dry and warm, they will do better
if confined in them all the time, from
the day tho ground is first covered i
with snow until the weaiher become
warm in the spring, than if shut up a
few cold or stormy dayB and then given
their liberty a few days. Of course
they require more care in feeding, and
in having roosts, nests and wallowing:
places kept clean, when confined, than
if out of doors, but the increased num
ber of eggs should pay for keeping.
A feed of cabbage once a week will be
good for them; raw beets or turnips
cut in two and thrown in for them to
pick at are also good. Tho leaves and
6talka which may be obtained from
market gardeners who are trimming
celery for market are excellent. Fowls
also need meat or fish in some form
nearly every day through tho winter.
Give a warm mess every morninc and
whole grain at night. With fresh eggs
selling at nearly a half-dollar a dozen,,
it will pay to take some pains with the
"What Fruit Growers .Should Know.
1. He should be acquainted with
all of the more common insects that
occur in his vicinity, their names (not
necessarily the scientific ones), their
injuries and their habits.
2. He should be able to detect w
insect pests, so that he could promptly
submit them for scientific study.
3. He should be able to dietinguish
between insect foes and insect friends,
so that in fighting the former he will
not destroy the latter.
4. He should be able to refer them
to each ono of tho several orders to
which they may belong, so that he can
speak or write of them understand
ing, without grouping them all
under the name of "bugs."
5. He should know the manner of
insect feeding, whether by means of
biting jaws or with a proboscis, so as
to be able to employ the proper class
0. He should experiment with such
remedies and preventives as his own
obseivation and experience sugegsts.
Thero are about 5,000,000 farms in
the United States, of which 1,500,000
are worked under lease or on shares.
By running a smooth harrow over
the wheat-field the young plants will
be greatly benefited. The harrow will
not injure tho wheat, but will assist in
covering grass seed that may have
been town early in the year. x
Do not omit the warm water for
cows because of moderation in the
weather. So long as the water shall
be cold and tho weather'changeable, it
should bo slightly warm, and tho av
erage yield of milk will be maintained
Any of the potash salts may be used
with advantage on all fruit crops. In
the early spring is the best time to
apply them. If 200 pounds of super
phosphate be applied at the same time
its effects will be very marked at the
Cut potatoes to two eyes. If they
be desired early, for home use, thin
out the plants to a single one in the
hill. This will give earlier, larger and
moro uniform potatoes, but the yield
will not bo as large s when two plants
are left to tho hill.
A change in food will be relished by
the sheep just as well as by any ani
mal on the farm. Nature is a pretty
sure guide in such matters. There
may bo and is a choice of foods among
thogo that sheep will eat with a relibh,
but it is a mistake to feed what they
do not relish.
There are many new varieties of
vegetables offered in the catalogues for
1888, and some of them are probably
vnluablo acquisitions, but it is best to
experiment with new varieties the first
year of their existence, as it is not
always advisable to discard an old and
tried variety for a newer kind.
Work in the garden is always well
bestowed. If the value of the' vege
tables grown be not equal to the labor
applied, tho advantage of having fresh
vegetables and of a superior quality
will more than compensate for the cost.
Very often tho labor given pays for
itself in promoting health and impart
Tho condition of hollow-horn is
simply a symptom of disease, and in
stead of directing medical attention to
the horn the practitioner should make
hnsto to look in other directions for
the disease; for the very fact that tho
horns are insufficiently supplied with
blood is proof that there is too much
blood somewhere else, and hence a
state of congestion.
The best rule is to keep farm tools
housed when not in use. The wastage
by exposure ef costly implements each .
year iB enormous, and it is responsible
for considerable of the hard times that
some farmers complain of. No matter
how soon tools are rusted out, the
farmer cannot escape paying for them.
Anyone with a little practice can
learn to graft. If people would only
study tho principles involved in the
operation wwhould hear less of "bad
luck" in graHhg. One of tho main
elements of amicefs consists in having
both scion and stock in the proper
condition. To sncuro litis, ecions
should bo cut early, beforo tho sap f
begins to work. They must then be
packed in some soft material, such as
sand sawdust or moss, and placed in a
cool temperature. Some prefer wait
ing in tho spring until the buds on the
stock commence swelling, while others
perform the operation very early, but
in both cases tlio scion will uuito if
carefully prepared and thoroughly
.uotectcd from the air.