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About The Oregon scout. (Union, Union County, Or.) 188?-1918 | View Entire Issue (April 13, 1888)
my first Valentine.
.. k many 1ot-. lonjf ymri. nrjo
Who-' ltij go I II not deflnc,
Vnon llfo uj in Its morning glow,
' f.'amc my Urst Volentlnc.
The breath of flow'rs, tlio son? of b'rds,
Framed In nnd out with loving word.
Agitn. oh yes. nnd yet again
I mused upon thfi lino
A "pucr" to my young heart then
"O, tic my Vrtlcntlne."
liut girt around with mystery's sheen,
I quoded not what It might moan.
Nor was I with tho problem tasked,
For scorning mystic sign
A lmndsomo school boy next day asked:
"Where Is your Valentino!"
With cheeks aglow and oves nshlno,
I nnswored : "What's a Valentino ?"
"A Valentino. Why," stammerod ho,
"You half confuse a feller:
"'TIs when ono loves h girl, you see,
"And takes this way to tell her.
"Uut look In 'Webster.' he will say.
"It means more yet: 'All lover's day."
O. little maid, your thirteen years
Suggested not a cover
To hide your faco of smiles and tears
From such a knowing lover.
Who could nsert with boyish gloe:
"Ho I'll love you and you'll lovo mo
I'll single out from mom'rles dim
This, scaled with goldon sign :
Thenceforth I ha-1 no nano to him
Save this: "My Valentino."
And I, with thrill or guileless shame,
Under my breath, called him the sama.
I dwell not on tho years that passed,
When wM HfQ's fuller knowledge,
Thol'nurcls at his feot were cast,
Hard won from school and collcgo.
And faith and hopobesldo him stood,
Knch promising all futuro good.
Anon the war cry thrilled nnln,
Its dark cloud dimmed our day:
And slnco the nation c.ill'd for men
How could a hero stay
Stay: with hoart grand, stainless, true-
Wo bado godspeed "Tho boy In blue."
Too soon from out tho deadly frav.
They brought him, dono with strlfo;
Tho brown curls on his forehead lay,
Tho Hps smllod as in llfo.
Hut touched as with a s -al divine.
Thoy breathed no moro "My Valentino."
1 can not sav I lovod tho boy
For llfo was free and young
But it will bo with rapturous Joy
If I but Unci among
Tho ransomud hosts, in glory's lino,
My own, my long-lost Valentino.
Monks Hcource Their Hum Hanks Until
lilood flows I' r om tint Wniimls,
In tlio old days all nuns and monks
in Mexico wore compelled by tho rigid
rides of tlio owlor to uso tho discipline
oimhoir own nakod persons ovory night
mid morning before retiring to and ris
ing from thu iron bedsteads that wort
purposely mado too short and supplied
only with a block of wood for a pillow.
Mine. Caldoron do In Duron, in hor
bok on Mexico, written forty yuars
ago, tolls ns all about it. Says "sho.
Tho discourse appeared liko a prona
tion for tho oxeoution of a multitude" of
condeinnud criminals. After It thoy
nil joined in prayor with much fervor
and enthusiasm, boating thoir breasts
and falling upon their faces. Then n
monk stood up, and in a very distinct
voieo road several passages of Scripture
descriptive of Christ's sufferings. The
organ then struck up tho "Misororo,"
and all of a sudden tho church was
plunged into profound darkness. Sud
denly a terrible voice orled out in the
dark: "My brothers, whon Jesus wn.
fastened to the pillar by tho .Jews lie
was scourged!" At those words we
hoard the sounds of hundreds of
scourges descending on tho bare llesb.
lean noteoneoive any thing more hor
. V('"le. lleforo ton minutes had -passed
tno sounds booame splashing from
blood that was Mowing. Wo could not
leave the ehuroh, but it was perfectly
sickening, and had 1 not been able
to hold Senora s hand, and
thus fool something human be
Hide tno in the darknoss, I eouli
liave fancied myself transported into
Dante's inferno. Now and thou a sup-
pressed groan was hoard, and occasion,
ally tho voice of the monk oneouraginj
Ilium by ejaculations or by short pus
Hugos from tlio Hiblo. Somot linos tie
organ struck uj), and tho poor wretches
tried in faint voices to join in the
"Miserere." Tho sound of tho scourg
ing was indescribable. At tho end of
half an hour a little bell was rung, and
tho voice of tho monk was hoard call
ing upon them to desist; but such was
thoir enthusiasm that the horrible lash
ing continued louder and fiercer than
over. In vain ho entreated them not
to kill themselves, that heaven would
be satisfied, and that human nature
could not endure beyond a cortaiu point.
No answer but tho loud sound ot the
scourges as thoir sharp iron points
entered tho Mesh. At length, as if they
woro xirfoolly exhausted, tho sound
f row fainter, and llttlo by little roused
altogether. Wo then got up in the
dui'k. mill u'ltli irpiiiiO 1 1 1 111 1 irivMiiul
our way through tho gallorios and down I
tho stali-s till wo reached tho door and
had tho ploasuro of again fflollng tho
fresh air. Thoy toll us that tho church
floor is frequently covered with bood
after one of those penances, nnd that a
man died tho other day in consequence
of his wounds.
This awful penance was known as (ho
dosagruvlos, and it must bo remembered
thntoaoh man scourged only himself; if
they hud seourged each other tho ter
rible energy displayed would seem less
astonishing. The season of desugruvios
used to continue thirty-llvoduys of every
year. The women attended church in
tho morning, no men having bqon per
mitted to outer, and tho mou in the
evening, when women wore not iuU
mitted. Tho penance of tho women
was much loss severe, and consisted
chiefly in kneeling for half an hour,
with arms extended in tho form of a
cross, a very painful position after the
llrsl live minutes. .Wife;. Want, in
AMONG THE SiAw.oi.
Hoclal Condition') of U in of tlif "W'Ml
turoitliig Oriental Countries.
It is said that bl biam the i o ijilo in
an slaves. liut It is no' inn .-invert
wo goncrally undorstnnd. bulnspch
of slavish feudalism. Prisoners f
war and thoir children for nil time itr
absolute slaves. Of liieso thoro are
largo number, uui trio remainder an
bonded lo somo master. A parent
S 'V.B Ms child, or a limn sells himself,
or rather mortgages himself. Ho bor
rows n sum of money at a very lienvi
rate of interest fifteen per cent, being
tho legal rate, but a liighor rate per
missible and pays tho interest
through life. Tho debt also binds his
Overy ono in this way first bolongs
lo some uobloman, being mnrked by a
tattoo, generally on tho wrist, to in
dicalc his master. He owos to tho no
bleman fifteen days' work each yoar.
In addition to this is tho mortga.ro or
sale to somo other must or. perhaps
rs than a uohtemau.
P lygamy is universal, and one soos
at (ho (healer a man in tho dress circle
of mou, while Ins wifo or wives and
slaves (female) aro in I ho womou's
Irclc. All classes chew tho hotel nut.
and at the llionler each family lias tho
botal pot and spittoon. Tho latter is
carried by a slave, who hands it to tho
ladies when I hoy wish to spit.
J lie bolel uut is astringent nnd some
what intoxicant. It is ohowed in con
nexion with a panto mado of lime, to-
bare and popper loaf. It iot only
blackens tho lootli, but orneks the lips.
and so in j ires the gunn that tho teo h
aro caused to proiiudo and look
The King. Princes and common peo
plo aro alike slaves to tho nastv habit,
and half of tho womon havo thoir
mouths inj ired if not absolutely dis
torted by it.
Otherwise, tlio women aro decidedly
comely, having line forms and good
gaits. Womon and men dress so near
ly alike that I could hardly distinguish
ono from the other for sovoral days,
for all woar short hair.
j no oress is a cio'h, eatlod "pa
noong." about two foot wide, wrapped
around the waist, with ono corner
drawn botweon the logs and caught in
a girdle at Iho waist. This makes a
sort, of Mowing Irousor, falling to the
A gonlloman wears a closely-but
toned coat (sneque) buttonod to tlio
nock, with long stockings and low shoo.
Tho common man disponsos with tho
coat, stockings and shoos. Tlio woman
generally allows tho "panoong" to
hang like a petticoat, and wraps about
her breast a girdle, leaving tho upper
part of tho bosom and shouldors on
tlrely buro, and nono woar shoes.
Many of tho working women dispouso
with tho glrdlo entirely. Tlio groat
mass of people, even in tho city, go
baro-loggcd and bare-footed. This is
universal in tho country.
The women appear lo bo industri
ous, and perform much moro than half
the work. Tho men aro lazv and. witli
tho exception of fishing, appear will
ing to leave tlio womon lo earn Iho
bread. All are in vet oral o gambiors,
and ono rarely soos a gainbling-house.
of which there aro a great many, otiier
wlso than full. Thoy aro ontiroly open
to tho street, canal or river, and at
night aro distinguished by their many
lights. Carter 11. Harrison, in Chi
THE TRUE SEA-URCHIN.
A Now Delicacy From tlio Hon A ti .ill t.i Hi
Guneral y Introduced.
A now edible delicacy of murine
origin, nnd suronssing. in tho opi- -ion
of ninny S iiithorn gourmands,
the finest oystors, is about to Lo in
troduced into this country. A supply
of tho true M dltorranoan son-urchins
in good condition is to bo co l
slgiied to our market, and English
epicures will bo asked to try tho eggs
of tho oehlnid inn afler tho fashion of
Marseilles that is, by oating them
i'M' tho shells, raw and uncooked. The
son-urchin, which sciontiflc mon, with
the plavful simplicity characteristic
of Iho kind, hnvo agreed to designnto
tho "strongylo icenrotus," is an nrti-clt-offood
in ninny pnrts of tho world
as most pooplo nro probably aware.
Honco olio of tho common names it
bears anions fish-folk who hnvo
kcop up, nnd
tho "soa-ogg. "
tho shoros of tho
for lonrning to
who called it
But nil nlong
forming the i side
of tlio prickly croaturo is ostconiod ono
of Iho tastiest morsels yielded bv tlio
sen. Strangers visiting tho Marseilles
fi-di market will soo baskot afler baskot
there filled with these hrowny-green
and violet-colorod "hedge-hogs i.f tho
docp." They aro deftly openod by tlio
fishwives, tho left hand being pre
lected against tho sluirp prickles bv a
stout clo.li wrapped around it, t ho
stomach-sack is cut out, nnd the lino
orange-colored eggs in tho contor ex
posed and handed upon tho shell to
tho customers over ready for tho
dainty. Thoso eggs aro only to bo
found in the "urchin" bolwoen tho
months of October and May. that is,
about tho samo time tho oyster is in
season. At other limes tlio eggs aro
missing, and many worthy pcoi lo
havo pronounced tho croaturo good
for nothing hecauso thoy happenod to
capture and open it at the
wrong senson of tho yoar. The
urchin fishery, owing to tlio great de
mand for tho crustacean in Southorn
Europe, is ono of Iho most important
in tho Mediterranean. The croutnro3
fro quo it rocky ground, and in tlio
form of round, prickly balls, thoy aro
found, hundreds togolhor. a fow foot
below high water mark in tho shoals
of tlio Spanish, Fronch and Italian
coast. Thoy are c.ipturod by means of
a cloft stick, with which tho fishor
pokes about in their haunts, and often,
too. by divers. In the bay of Narlos
nothing is more amusing than to
wal eh tho urchin fishers at work in
search of thoir prey. Howing to tho
spot whero thoy aro carrying on opora
tions, one may soo somo scores of
hoads bobbing about in tho water, and
probably an equal nuinbor of pairs of
legs, all belonging to bodies that aro
Invisible. Suddonly a head will go
down and a pair of logs como up;
then, ns unexpected I', ono of thopnir
of logs will go down and a head bob
up. "A puzzling spuctnele," says
Mr. H. Jones, who has well describ
ed tho fishery, "and a constant vicis
situde from licols to hoads and from
heads to heels." London Morning
NEW YEAR IN SIAM.
A COSTLY TROUSSEAU.
"I can iiilio spirits," said along
haired medium. "Thash's alt riirhtl"
exclaimed a drunken fellow In thu tin.
raidli 'urn uti' I'll put
anrKooUM Preparation for tliu Wedding
i union's doling Kmiurir.
. I . i . , .1 It. .
Aiiiiougn i no weaning ot tlio young
Emperor of China "ill probably not
lake place before 188'J, thousands
hands are already busv with the ladv'
irousseau and wedding prosonts,
which havo probably novor boon
equalod in wealth at any other court
Iho following aro Iho prosonts tho
young K nporor Is presenting to his
linnee before their ninrringo, after tho
actual engagoinont present, which eon
slsts of a gold seal, rlohly Inlaid with
jewels, Iho handle being formed by
two gold dragons. Up to a month
provious to the wedding, the lady Is
presented wilh 10 piebald liorsos
with complete trappings, 10 gilt hel
mets and cuirasses, 100 pieces of satin
and 200 pieces of cotton material as
Jhe bride receives 200 ouncos of
gold. 10.000 ouncos of silver, ono gold
tea service, consisting of teapot and
ono cup with a lid; ono silver sorvico,
twosllvor wash basins, 1,000 pieced
of satin, 20 liorsos with? complete
trappings -'0 liorsos without trappings.
.v saddles tor paok-horsos and mules,
and costly gifts aro also made to tho
paronts and brothers and sisters of
thu bride. Iho brldo s hats are tho
most remarkable among tho rich
trousseau. Tho winter court hat has
a rim of satin; tho crown is mado of
rod velvet, from tho contor of which
rises a button composed of throo parts,
each of which is ornamented with
three small oblong pearls of particu
lar beauty and seventeen ordinary
pearls, whilo In tho center otuach part
another splendid pearl Is set in gold
and surmounted by a gold phoenix. A
handkerchief worn on thu breast is
green, richly embroidered, trimmed
with tassels of jjwols and red ribbon.
A gala apron of red and blue satin,
trimmed with otter skin nud em
l.roldored iu gold, dragon fans and
skirls of many dlM'orent kinds aro also
part of this gorgeous outfit, and the
furniture for the futuro E.upross is in
koopl ig. Shanyhai Herald,
At tho recent annual Hoar's Head
dinner at Queen's College, Oxiotd,
the head, a magnificent specimen,
weighing oyer eighty pounds, was
borne in on tho shouldors of four servants.
Peculiar Oriental Kilns, Cimtoms, Cera
moultm unit Knstlvitien.
All Slnnieso birthdays aro colobralod
al Now Year's, and at this time tho
curious custom of "hair-cutting" is
observod. Whon a boy reaches tho
ago of olovon or fifteon, and a girl that
of nine or thirteen, thoy are consid
ered no longor childron. Up to this
ti mo a tuft of hair is allowed to grow
just above I ho forohoad, and is always
.dressed wilh groat care. It is twistod
Into a graceful knot and hold together
with a long go'.d or jowolod pin. At
tho baso of tills knot is worn a wroath
of fragrant white flowors. Tho coro
monlcs of hair-outting often last five
or six days. It is tho "coming-out
party ot tho boy or girl, and there
after thoy nro not permitted to minglo
with tho olhor sox as childron, but are
considered to havo arrived at a mar
At Iho timo
Mow tho Average Xtttlrn America'! Hun
gers Altr Million.
It must bo said, howover, that tin
Americans nro more opon man nuv
olhcr nation on tlio globo to th
chnrgo of worshiping money. That
is adiseaso that vast numbers of them
would liko to catch, and not having
a chanco at it thoy merely moldor
away in country towns and in city
suburbs ami iu laborous walks whore
the remaining freshness of our llfo is
to be found; but our middle class a
soon as it rccolvos education bogins
to asplro not lo tho exoelonco of per
fection in somo se'e cu or art or
morals, but to rapid money, and
with it a complete ehnnffo of friends
and surroundings. After tho Amer
ican has mado his fortuuo Ihoro is not
much more to expect irom lit in. He
finds no joy in his llfo liko that,
thlrstful gain, a id Indeod thu
methods of woalth hereabout partake
of tho gamester's arts and groed. Tho
gambler has two sins upon his soul
the first tho sin of unniercifulness and
tho second tho sin of unrest. II) will
not only plunder whoever will sit with
him and bo engaged, but ho will not
bo able to apply his ill-gottou gains lo
any ,u ot or happv utility. Tho gamo
ho has learned forces him on
and on in quest of another
man who will play. nnd. there
fore, our society, which is made
up of tho stiecossf.il men, h,as most ol
the qualifications of gambling socioty.
The y ung man who has got nearly
his million no longor stays at homo of
nights, or if ho has a fino houso ho
wonders how ho can turn it Into his
business as an instrumentality, so as
to make moro money. Ho notifies his
wifo to visit whore thoro aro rich cus
tomers. Sho receives hor portion of
tho gamingstakos in an unusual allow
ance, carriages and horses, and tho op
portunity to purchase hither and thith
er. Sho fools now and thou that things
aro not going right; that t ho man is
giving hi' soul instead of his real
facullios to Iho route for wealth, and
sho wonders if ho will ever, unless he
becomes very sick, bo at homo again
liko the bridegroom of her youth, who!
sought her out above all o'hers and
gavo hor his attontions unasked. Still
sho thinks that ho has olevated his
condition immensely, and it must go
on. And, therefore, all day long he
schemes, and smllos, and :akos in
money, and tho cards go against him
now and then, anil ho feels that some
thing must be dono to recover that
stake, and he attends clubs, not as a
club man, but as a gambling man,
looking for to-morrow's respondent
and customor. Even tho chtirehos aro
filled with those gamblers and their
familios, looking across- at oach othor
from pew to pow. and making them
selves boliovo that a valuablo hour ex
tracted from business will surely bo
considered by Iho Lord in what Ho in
tends to lot Hi servant mako on the
board or at tho shop during tho com-
ing woek. Oath, in Cincinnati Enquirer.
RICH MEN'S FKEAKS.
Eccentric Action twnl Will nt Otherwise
A French millionaire named Henri
Meynard. who died in tlio South of
Franco about two years ago, was dur
ing his llfo esteemed a man of extra
ordinary common sense. Ho amassed
a large fortuuo in cotton -spinning and
was one of iho most noted i Micor.s of
tho French Government in his part of
tho country. Still his will was con
tested by. his heirs on tlio ground of
insanity, and it certainly contained
sonic curious provision. It directed
that his a flin should bo deposited
in a tomb cut iu a solid block
of stono and that comont should
bo run into Iho interstices and
over tho top so that tho whole should
form one solid mass. Upon tlio top
of tho wholo a slono was then to bo
c mooted and tho solid block con
taming the body was then to bo
put up In tho cupola of his
house. Tho will directed that his
homo containing art collodions to the
amount oi ssiu uuu sliould remain un
inhabited except by tho scores of dogs,
chickens, j igeons and oilier pets
which I lie testator was so fond of dm
ing his lifetime, and that the house
should romnin un'ouched except for
repairs. Another rivnehninn provid
od that a new cooking recipe should
bo pasted on his loin I) each day, and
another millionaire provided lhat an
opitapli to his dog should bo put be
sido his own upon his monument.
Ihero is a millionaire iu Connecticut
who has now passed his throo score
and Ion who has made his
and who has arranged all
of his funeral. His
sou, and ho is said
own co flin.
Ho is n good bu
h.s father left
.ra"k on tho
n an in Connecticut
inoss man, and
a fortune which
him. Ho is a
subject of elm timber for coflins
and it is now forty years since ho sent
to England for an olm saplin
While it was growing ho told his
friends that ho intended to bo finally
buried within it, ami that ho hoped to
havo enough wood from it to furnish
collins for all his friends. A few
years ago tho tree, thon over thirty
years old, was cut down and enough
material got out of it to mako three
coflins. Ho packed ono of these away
in his garret for himself, burning his
namo into tho top and sides wilh iron.
He said that an engraved plate would
bo too exponsivo and his directions
for his funeral provido that tho sim
plest ceremony shall bo used. Enough
of the wood for another coffin ho sent
to Dr. Dix, iho rector of Trinity
Church, New York, and tho othor
planks he prosontod to his only
brothor. Dr. Dix is said to havo had
n coMin made from tho wood, but tho
brothor. though he has sent his thanks
for iho present, has not cared to do so.
Albany Y. ) Argus.
Us ml lo
Hoards of llmilth .Should Take Moasuros
Against Thulr Consumption.
While the war has raged wilh vary
ing fortnno over tho question of to
bacco from tho issuance of King
James' counterblast to tho present
time, no defondor of tho Indian weed
has boon found who would vonturo to
assort that it is innoxious lo youths
anil childron. On tho contrary, nil
writers who havo
tion agroo that the
and especially of
studied tno quos
effect of tobacco,
cigarottos, is uni-
11 ll rv
of tho hnlr-cutting of
daughter of tho Into
the entire country nssomblod at
die capital to witness the services.
Plays and pantomines, operas and
balls were given tho pooplo for a weok;
Iho country was in a state of oxcossivo
exhileratlou. O.i tho last dav a pro-
osslon of Siamese, Malays, Chinese,
Peguans, Burmese. Laos, Karens and
Japanese filed past tho King and his
lovely daughter, soatod upon a throne
of gold. Groups of pretty womon
danced at the foot of tho throno with
Miiall silvor troos in thoir hands tho
symbol of maiden purity. Soft music
issued from unseon bauds and intoxi
cating perfumes woro wafted from real
and artitioial banks of Mowers. Tho
nlr was charged with greetings to the
happy maid that was that day tho re-
clplont of no loss than thirty-live of
fors of marrlago from neighboring
Iho hair-cutting was dono in tho
King's chapel by the family priest.
after which tho little lady was bathed
In holy water, and, clad in moro
gorgeous raiment than over boforo.
proclaimed a woman.
Many olhor rilos and ceremonies aro
observed Now Year's, such as tho bath.
Ing of tho prlosls by tho King and the
bathing of his Majesty by the Prinoos
of tho minor principalities, tho offer-
Ing of special obligations lo Huddha
by tho King for the welfare of his poo
plo during the nowyear, and the build.
lug of new temples to his honor.
hntovor can bo dono to propitiate
thoir deity is attempted, and overv
ilensuro of which tho people can con
ceive Is Indulgod Iu by thorn during
this, tho greatest festival of the yoar.
A'. 1. Comtnereial Advertiser,
formly injurious to tho young, and
that undor no concoivablo conditions!
can it be harmless to thoin. It has
boon demonstrated that tobacco j
chocks tho physical growth of chil
dron, clouds thoir minds and impairs
thoir intellects, and dovolops a kind
. 11 (1 M.
oi noun trouuio wnicn oiton re
sults tatally. So well is this
known and understood that can
didates for admission to the
United Statos military or naval acad
emy aro now examined with special
roferonco to disorders produced by
cigarotio-smoKing, and a largo pro
portion of those who aro rejected owe
thoir fail nro to pass tho physical ex
animation to tho injurious and nine
tioual disorders ouusod by cigarottos,
It is no uncommon thing nowadays
lo seo children scarcely out of drosses
pulling at a cigarette -with all tho non
chalauco imaginable; and such cigar
ottos, too, as thoj generally are. The
hablos' means aro so limited that thoy
can buy nothing out tho cheapest am!
vuosi kiiuis oi cigarettes, sucli as no
man who knows any thing about to
bncoo would look at, much loss smoko
and fWltli these indescribably nasty
concoctions thoso youngsters procood
to poison thomsolvos San Francisco
n may iuko or smart man tor no or
raskll, y it nrtor all, widout good sonso
dar ain t no honesty.
on u comos lor do test, it 'ponr
liko do smooth an' smilin' man doan
hoi' out oz well ez do man dnt ain't
got sloh or bright face. Do crab applo
makes bettor cider don do sweet apple
I 'splzo tor soo er little man dat is
proud. Ho puts mo in initio o' do fiece
dog dat doan look up tor soo how high
do co'n stalks is orbovo him, but looks,
down tor soo how fur do grass is below
Wo sometimes finds fault wid pns-
hous ouzo da's changeable, an' say dat
da ain't do right sorter folks, but we
may bo wrong. Do grcon brior nubor
changes, winter nur summon but
stead o' b'arin' fruit it Is alius reudv
tar t'aryo' cloze. .drkansaw Travt'er.
Origin of a Word Fri-quent'y
This word originated, according to
good authority, undor the following
interesting circumstances: In 1811
tlio nnti-Fodoralists, or Rspuhlicuns,
i as thoy woro then called, of Massn
' ehusotls, after a bitter contest, sue
cecdod in electing their candidate for
1 ii ivornor, r.iur.ugo ii Try, and a ma-
j jorily in both houses of the Legisla
Hire, in order to maintain this ma
jority in tlio future, thoy proceeded to
roorganizo Iho senatorial districts of
the State, which had hitherto been
formed without any division of coun-
lios by dividing counties so as to
secure a iJomocrauo niaioritj-, ovon
though the counties wore, in roality.
strongly Federal in sontimofiU Tho
Federalists protested, but in vain; tho
uivisions woro mauo without ovon n
! consideration of tho proprioty of the
act; tho work was sanctioned by
I Governor and became a law
, his signature, whoroforo
i political opponents soundly
iigaioit nun iirougu tno nowspapors
and at public mootings. In E sox
County the nrrangemont of tho dis-
Iricls iu relation lo tho towns was
singular and absurd. Itussoll, the
veteran editor of tho Boston Sintinel,
took a map of that county nnd, color
ing tho soloctod towns, hung it on the
wall of his editorial room. Ono day
Gilbort Stuart, tho omlnont painter,
was in Iho room, and looking at tho
map. roniarked that tho colored town
ships resombled somo monstrous ani
mal. Ho took a pencil, nnd with a fow
touches drew a head, wings, claws and
tail. "There." said Stuart, "that will
do for a Salamander." Ktissull, look
ing at tho hidoous figure, exclaimed:
"Sa'amandorl Cull it jcrry-mandor."
An engraved copy of this map wa?
widely circulated by Hussoll, and tho
word was immediately adopted into tho
national political vocabulary as a term
of reproach for thoso who chango
boundaries of districts for a partisan
purpose. at. J.oins U lobe-Democrat.
How Tlioy Are Taught to llrcomo Gam
blers anil Eventually Tliievei.
The young idoa of this city is lonrn
ing to sltoot very rapidly at present.
That is, tho male portion is spending
lunch timo and considerable cash in
initiating Itself into tho mysteries of
fiftccn-bull pool and tho art of gam
bling. Instead of amusing thomsolvos
after school or business hours in a
manner of which their parents would
approvo, .tho bojs of tho city hie
llioiusclvcs to tho nearest pool-room
or, making up a party, proceed to
somo secluded spot lo enjoy tho ex
citement of Iho scductivo game of
"penny ante" or a "little gamo of
draw." with a ton cent limit. This is
particularly truo iu tho upper wards
Ono soldom pnssos a knot, of boys
on Iho street but such phrases as
"Did yor git on to dor sucker I
outtght last night?" or "I scooped do
pot with a pair of trays," are heard.
It is only recontly that cigar store
keepers havo realized how profitable a
pool table is. Formerly, to piny a
gamo of pool or billiards it was neces
sary lo r sort to a liquor saloon, but
now cigar stores with pool-rooms at
tached aro tho rule, and the number is
According to law. boys undor eight
eon yours of ago aro not allowed to
frequent I'ool-rooius. In Brooklyn,
howivct, this Jaw is practically dead,
for all hough a placard in tho store an
nounces that "boys undor eighteen
years of ago will not bo allowed in
this pool-room," i ho proprietor would
soon bo compolcd to shut up shop
sliould he enforce tho rule. Tho boys
who patron zo these places aro not
more than fifteon years of age, and
aro usually employed as ofilco boys or
iu some other minor capacity in this
Instead of buying thoir lunch thoy
savo tho money to gamble with. Five
cents for each player in every game is
what it costs to play pool. Tho player
scoring tho lowest nuinbor of points
pays for tho game. Tho proprietor of
tho place gives oach player a "chock"
on oach game. A "cheek" passes in
tlio store for two and a half cents. It
is necessary to hold two chocks to get
a package of cigarottos, a cigar or a
bottle of soda water or ginger ale, so
that to realizo on iho "chocks" it is
cssoutial that moro than ono gamo bo
This system of "chock" giving is
moro demoralizing than tho gamo
itsolf. Tho boys dosirous of emulat
ing Iho "young bloods" who figure
is heroes in tlio cheap literature ol
tho day, add o tho excitement of tho
gamo by using tho "cheeks' as cap
ital and wagering thorn on tho result.
This small stako soon becomes tamo
and the precocious boys add to thoir
"glory" by betting monoy.
Iho amount of these wagers steadily
mcreasos and tho result is soon ap
parent. Tho boy who was iu tho
habit of appearing neatly attired bo
gins to look shabby. Whon ho first
wont to work ho promised himself that
ho would alwtvys havo good clothing
and that ho would lay asido a small
amount each week to enable him lo
carry out his intention. Ho didn't
foreseo that ho would bocomo in
fatuated with pool. But ho did bo
como infatuated, and tho 11101103' with
which ho wns to purehaso clothing has
gone to swell the profi.s of tho pro
prietor of l lie table he played on.
But ovon by spending all his monoy
at pool ho is not satisfied. He must
havo more. But how shall ho got it?
Somo boys who work for small waged
and spend as much as ho does novor
seom to ba "broke." How do thoy
manago it? Surely their parents don't
supply thoin with so much.
Many of (hose young prodigals maka
a practice of selling postago stamps to
grocers and cigar doalors at a consid
erable discoun from their faco value.
Tho Government allows no profit to bo
made on postago stamps. How then
can tho boys afford to sell thorn so
choap? But 0110 inferonco can bo
Tlio boy who frequents pool-rooms
and gambles will almost surely, 6oouer
or later, yiold to tomptaliou. X. Y.
HIS SUNDAY SUIT.
A Fair Understanding.
When tho owner of a factory down
tho River road hired a watchman tho
othor day, ho said:
Now, Jamos, lot us havo a fair un
"Yes. sir. that's what I want. Thu
wages aro ten dollars a woolc."
"And no raiso if I discover sus-
piclous characters about, or report
attempts at incendiarism or rob.
' No raiso, James, undor any circum
"Very woll. sir, yon'n not hour of
any thing happening while I am in
charge. Good-day, sir, wo under-
stand oach other." Detroit 'ru
Ita Ex-Owner Tells How It Came ta
"Tho other day," ho said, as ho
was talking to a knot of mon in a
tobacco store, "whon that sharper
wont around and got hold of two or
throo ladies' sealskin sacques bv falso
representations, I wont homo and said
to my wif :
" 'Martha, if a fellow should como
hero and say that ho had boon sont by
Mr. Blank to got your sealskin sacquo
for a pattern would you lot it go.'
" 'Most assuredly not,' was hor
11c cause inai is an oui gamo on
which I am postod. I should liko to
seo a sharpor try any such game 011
"Two or throo nights later I wont
homo and sho ask mo what I wanted
of my Sunday suit.
" 'Why, nothing.'
" -Why did you sond for it, then?'
" 'Bui I didn't.'
" You surely did! A follow came
Hero and said you wanted it, and I sont
it by him.'
" 'You did! Ho was a swindlor! I
thought you said no sharpors could
" 'Yes, but I thought sharpers always
inquired for soaUkui siicquos, and
never for men's clothing.'
"Yo, sir, sho gavo him a suit of
clothos which cost mo sixty-five dol
lars, and 1 shall never soo hido nor
hair of it agalu." Detroit Fret Freu.