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About The Oregon scout. (Union, Union County, Or.) 188?-1918 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 9, 1887)
JONES & CFATCEY, Prtllahen.
PITH AND POINT.
i Habit is llio dross of chnractor.
In this world joy is moastirod by
tho cup; troublo by tlio pock.
Truth la beautiful, but socloty ns
rothas not offered a proiniuui for its
steady use. Pomcrou's Advance
An Omaha editor lins discovered
tli at tlioro is no such thing as n bald
licndcd idiot. Atchison Globe.
Train up a child In tho way ho
should go," nnd keep a littlo ahead of
liim in the sanio way during tho train
ing, to bo sure ho goes. Picayune.
A Western editor asks, "How shall
vrc got our girls to road articles on
Fcientific subjfots?" Why, mix tliem
up with tho fashion notes, of course.
Young women ought novor to got
into a way of thinking that it is bettor
to mnrry imprudently than remain
Blnglo and oxposod to absurd comment
thereby. Pittsburgh Chronicle.
Laziness grows on peoplo; it bo
gins in cobwebs and ends in iron
chains. Tho moro businesss a mnn
lias to do tho moro ho is ablo to ac
complish, for ho learns to oconomizo
Ids limo. Texas Silings.
A printer up in Canada is snld to
lio ouo hundred and throo years old.
Ho lias mado so many Ij'pogrnphical
errors dining his careor that ho is
afraid to die. Somcrvillc Journal.
Small boy (at church picnic) "I
way, Johnny, whero's tho in nice ham
sandwiches your ma put up for youP
Thoso ain't no good." Johnnv (bit
terly) "Tho superintendent an' tho
touchers is a-oatin of '0111. ' N. 1.
Whilo a man was nailing up a
gate in Jnnosboro, Ga., lightning
struck tho hammor and killed him,
How many shiftless men will mako
tills an oxcuso for novor nailing up tho
gate. Texas Stflmgs.
Tho lovor who writes tho swootost
"Valentino pnotry before marriago
doesn't always mako tho sort of a bus
"Land who will bring up the coal and
sootho wailing twins llvo years after
tlio wedding day.
If a man nnd wife aro ono flesh, no
ronder it is such a painful operation
for tlioiu to get divorced. And, bj' tho
-way. that reminds us that divorces
should only bo granted on Twos-day.
If there is nothing lovollor in tho
world than a woll-bohaved and good
tempered child, tlioro aro fow creat
ures moro odious than ono who is law
less and quarrelsome. Half a do.on
such would render a lnrgo hotol un
comfortable. A'. 1' Ledger.
Tho di Ho ron co
Oh I tlio Biri'n bountiful,
Loving and dutiful,
Wion wo ii' u hopeful to win hor.
Lot hor our mitt (lony,
Tlion Hho Is but n Riiy,
Bhunuud a. tho veriest Hlimor.
i Old Chocolate's Philosophy.
, Dai's many a Ho on a tomb-stun.
2f do cat's nsleop do bacon am safe.
Tears dat How bohin' do do' am do
folios' oh sorror.
Dar's no use look In' at do sun of hit
plies yo1 eye.
Do wicked offon wondoh how oddahs
Id n bo gooil.
Do dog dat doan' bank gits do big
ges' motif id oh lireoehes.
Doan' weep fo' faded blossoms. Dar
cr seeds on do snmo hush.
Do bird on do wnvin' branch a'n't
lilt cz easy oz do "bird on do stump.
Ef do doetah kin on' yo' lumbago,
v'y can't ho on' Ms own ruumiytlz?
Do light niu'-rod man does a quick
Job will do faiunah w'oso biuui was
Ef a straight faco war ov'donco oh
lionosty, nobody ud evalt eotch do man
dat stole dat coonskin. Judne,
Tho Caso Was Dismissed.
"Did you strike this man?" Inquired
'Yes, sir. I did. '
What did you do it for?"
"Woll, yer Honor, It was this way.
I was out in my yard llxln' up an ap
ple tiyo that had been broken by tho
wind. I had a littlo method of my
own, that 1 thought would make tho
troo grow together. This man caino
ulong and says to mo:
'What yer doln' P"
Then I went through tho wholo
thing, and when I'd finished 1 savs:
'Don't you think It's a big under
taking?' Troo-mond-ous."says he, and as for
tho rest of tlio facts, tho police otlluer
knows 'cm." .ldroi(ifi 2'raveter.
A Squaro Man.
Jo sort of elaborate eulogy can so
iplotely iloiino enaraoter to the ap-
naiiou oi i no many as tlio declara
tion of a man that ho is "sutinro."
This Is an abbreviation of "square
lood." which, In its tlmo. was a con
traction of "Ho squarely toos the
line," An upright, honest man comes
"square-toed" to tho liiioof duty, nnd
is accordingly a square man. Tho term
is simple, and it is Biilllcioiit. A voter
i'ks to know no mora who learns that
a caudldalo is a "quuro man." Tho
word "qunro," to denote honesty and
integrity of diameter, Is common In
business and political phraseology, ami
tho man who has the reputation of
"being squaro' In all things, is pretty
apt to bo trusted implioiiy by his fol-low-boln
BU Louit Qlobe-Dcmocral.
An Incident Which Matin Hip DIiI U.-.MI-iiihii
IVrary anil Sick.
"Sergeant, muypo you know snim
pody who likes to buy mo oudt?" xaii
Mr. Diiuder as he entered the Centra
Station yesterday with a down-trodden
"Oh! it's you, is itP" queried Ser
geant Dcudnll as ho looked up. "Got
into some fresh trouble, I suppose?"
"Sergeant, I. vims, broke all oop
If I can sell oudt I doan shtay hero two
"What's tho occasion P"
"Vliell, it makes mo feci bettor if I
tell you. You know I keep a telephone
in my blnce; I keep him to shpeak in it
my brewer nnd to somo Aldcrinans.
Yesterday a man who vims nsshliclc ash
grease conies in und says vims I Carl
Dundor? I vims. All right. Mr.
Diindor, dcr wires vhas crossed und
your telephone doan' work. Sorry if
you vhas troubled, but I feex him right
off. Vhell, ho goes mit dot phono und
taps on der box, und takes down dor
trumpet und says:
"Hello! Central! Hello! hollo!
hello! y-e-s! I vhas at Carl Diindcr's.
Can you hoar mo now? Why, of
course if ho likes to treat mo dot vims
all right. Nice oldt mans, und doan'
you forget himl Vlieli nil right,
"Now, Sergeant, I haf to ask him to
take a glass of beer, doan' I? If I
doan' I vhas no shonllcman, eh?"
"Vhell, aboudt two hours later a
ccond man came in. Ho vhas shlick
too. Vhas I Carl I) under? I vhas,
All right. Mr. Dunder, dot induction
vhas so strong wo vhas in a peck of
troubles. Let mo seo how your tele
phono vhas. Und ho goes oop und
knocks on der box und softly says
Hello I Dill, vhas dot you ? No
Yes. Perhaps. Yin', I vhas down to
Cavl Duuder's place. I second der
motion. I can get two lioonered votes
for him for Alderman. Hasn't treated
mo yet, but ho probably will. Vhell,
"Now, Sergeant, I haf to sot oop dcr
beer, doan' I ? I feels tickled, you
know, und I like to bo a shontlenians,
"I understand. What else ?"
"Vhell, somo moro fellers come, und
I doan' suspect nopody until Shako
comes home. Don ho says it vhas an
old shoslniit, mid dot I vhas soft in dot
hoadt. Dot makes me madt all oafcr.
foot' queok somopody comes in. Vims
I Car Dinn er P I vhas. All rio-liL
Say, Mr. Dundor, vhoii yoi ring on dor
telephone your number doan' drop In
der ofllce. l'loaso allow me. Und ho
goes oop und rings und calls oudt
" 'Vhas dot you, Nellie. All! doro,
Nell ? Does dot .number drop down
wnen i ring r bay, vims you going
oop to dorl' lata next Soondny ? Guest'
vhoro IvasP Not much! You vhas
vlmy off. I vhas down to Carl-
"Vhell, Sergeant, dot vhas all I
could shtaud. I shitmp on dot feller
und gif him six weeks sickness."
"Good I 1 honor your pluck I"
"Sergeant, keep quiot. Ho doan' go
avhay oafor half an hour vhen my tele
phone rings. Vhas f Carl Dundor ?
1 vhas. Dis vhas Supl. Shaokson, of
der telephone. Mr. Dundor, you haf
almost killed ono of our regular re
pairers, und I like to say to you dot it
cost you moro nsh four hoonered dol
"Dot vhas so. I doan' shleop two
winks last night, und my wife says it
vhlll all come oudt dot 1 vhas Mo-
'It was a bad mistake."
"Vhell, vhat can I do ? Shust liko
I tells you, nopody vhas two times
alike. I vhas all dor time shaking tit i t
my boots, und Shako vhas going into
consumption. Sergeant, if somopody
arrests me let him bo very soft und
(pilot. 1 vhas so broke oop dot I can't
stand some more grief. If you see
Mister Shaokson tell him how it vhas.
roll him dot I vhas all turned around
in dis country, nnd eafery time I kick
at some dead-beat ho proves to bo a
shentloinans. Good-pvo, Sergeant I
Maype I tako some Hough on some
Hats und put an end to all dis grief. "
Detroit Free Press.
"Have you seen my beautiful yacht P"
"Have I seen your beautiful whauht?"
"Yacht! yacht! yacht!"
"Ohl No, 1 have uacht."
"If it's naoht too haunt lot's tracht
down to tho spaclit whore I keep my
"I waeht that you have nauht gaeht
a yacht, (treat Scacht! 1 'know your
plaeht. ion ought to be shaoht. I'll
nacht stir one jaeht. your yacht is
nothing but an ohl tuohb." V. J'.
The following findorsenient was
made by a colored preacher on the back
of a marriage license rot union to tho of
liceof thecounty register: "1, ,
did united those parties that was
Menus, on '27 day of June, 1887, together
in matrimony, in the imino of the
Father, and of tho Sou and of the Holy
Cost 1887, at tho honso of ,
in Wilmington, N. C, according to
laws of New Hanover Co. Toguthor
in the inline of tho Sou and of the Holy
Gost." Wdminiiton (.V. t) Star.
Great Traveler "Yes, thov have
some curious customs in Cuba. Tor in
stance, Cuban girls won't let their lov
ers kiss them until after marriage."
Omaha Girl "Very .short engage
ments, I suppose." "No; sometimes
the engagements last several yours."
"And during all that tlmo they won t
bo kissed?" "Not omm." "I don't bo-
Muve It." Omaha World.
ALFALFA OR LUCERN.
The 1'laln Truth About tho Much Talked
of I'ornfce Plant.
There is considerable interest just
now existing in regard to tho forage
plant commonly known an alfalfa,
This is the Spanish name of luccru, a
plant of tho leguminous tribo closely
resembling clover, and commonly cul
tivated in Europe for green fodder. It
differs from clover, however, in having
more woody stalks, slenderer leaves, a
purplish flower, and a legiimo or pod,
which is colled spirally and contains
several seeds. It is a native of Spain,
and thrives best in hot, somewhat dry
climates, and produces enormously
when irrigated. In tho northern Ital
ian-provinces it is commonly grown in
this way, and is cut several times in a
season, producing in tlio aggregate
sixty to eighty inches of herbage in the
growing season. It is perennial, and
when kept freo from weeds and ma
nured occasional! v it continues to yield
abundantly for' twenty years, never
being permitted to seed, however.
It is not a good hay plant unless it
is cut quite j'oung and cured with lit
tlo exposure to the sun, but as a green
fodder plant it is unexcelled. As com
pared witli clover it is sixtoon percent,
richer in albuminoids, thirty-thrco per
cent, richer in fat, and eight or nine
per cent, poorer in carbo-hydrates, and
has twenty per cent, moro woody fibre,
to which it owes its inferiority as a
hay plant. It is an excellent food when
cut green for all farm animals, for
which use it is extensively cultivated
in California, and might bo made very
valuable in tho Southern States.
As it has been made a subject for
much discussion recently in tho loading
agricultural journals, and has boon fre
quently written of with moro favor, wo
think, than it deserves, it is perhaps
desirable to mention its disadvantages
as compared with tlio only crop witli
which it comes into competition, as
well lis to notice all its valuable char
acteristics. This wo do from personal
experienco with it, having grown it
moro than twenty j-ears ago as a forage
crop and abandoned its culture as less
profitable and convenient than that of
red clover for ordinary farm purposes.
It has novor been extensively grown
where clover flourishes, and in such lo
calities lias been sown moro as an ex
periment than for use, nnd when so
sown lias always fallon into neglect
and disuse. It is of no use as a tem
porary crop grown in rotation, because
of its cqst and tho slowness witli which
it comes to maturity. It requires a
special culture, must bo sown alone
and upon rich soil in tlio cleanest con
dition, for it is quito unablo to resist
weeds, nnd when in its first weak, slow
growth is quickly smothered and
stunted, consequent!' it is necessary to
manure tho sou woll and to sow tho
seed in drills twelve or sixteen inches
apart and to cultivate crop frequently
until it covers tho ground. Tho seed
is costly, twenty pounds per nero is re
quired, and tho prioo is twenty-five
cents per pound. It can not bo grazed
as clover may bo nor is it more prolific
Theso aro its disadvantages, and it is
easily perceived that as a competitor
with clover it can not bo profitably
substituted for it in ordinary farm cult
ure where clover does its best. And
when clovor is plowed under after it
has served its purpose so well for two
or three years it furnishes to tho soil a
much larger quantity of valuable plant
food than is contributed by alfalfa.
Alfalfa nourishes most luxuriantly
upon tho rich river bottoms of tho
California valleys, known as tulu
lands, and upon tho rich dry lands of
Colorado and other localities of tho far
West, where the climate is dry and ir
rigation is practiced. Tlioro it is at
its best, but tho conditions under which
it luxuriates being so different from
those prevailing elsewhere show plainly
that it is not a suitable plan for ordi
nary farming whore clover is at its best.
Nevertheless, there are some localities
in the eastern part of the continent
where it may bo found very useful. In
Honda and most of tho Southern
States, for instance, it will find a con
genial home and may be used most ad
vantageously for summer feeding as
green fodder; but its exacting charac
ter in regard to culture should not be
lost sight of, for it will refuse to grow
under the same conditions in which
clover would yield a fair crop and
would utterly fail under the common
ysteni of culture which prevails in tho
Tho manner of preparing the soil for
alfalfa is much the same as that f iraii
other spring crop. Tho land should
be deeply plowed, and if not rich
enough to bring seventy-live bushels of
corn or three tons of timothy and
clover per aero it must bo made so by
liberal manuring. J he land must, also
bo cleared of weeds by previous sum
mer fallowing, ami this clean culture
s iudisVMisahle. The .-oil is brought
to a line tilth by repeated harrowing,
and the coed is then drilled in rows
twelve to sixteen inches apart some
lime in May. Tho ground is repeatedly
cultivated during the summer, and if
tho growth is good a crop of fodder may
be mowed in the fall, but it is host to
leave it uncut as a protection to tho
young roots tho first winter. Pastur
ing by pigs is destructive of tlio crop.
. J. limes.
Tako care how vim let any machine
ill or lubricator conio in contact witli
t cut or scratch on your hand or arm,
or serious blood poison nmv result.
hi tlio manufacture of some of these
machine oils fat from diseased ami de
composed animals is used. All physi
cians know how poisonous such matter
Is. J ho oim safeguard is not to lot
any spot whore tho skin is broken be
touched by any machine oil or lubri.
cator. 2'ic Farmer and Mattultctttrcr,
Some of tlio Chlncne Hummer Drllcaclei
Coveted by the Gothnm Heathen.
One of tho attractions of Mott street
on a summer Sunday nro tho several
uiuncso watermelon statins, i ono
wishes to enjoy a genuine Oriental
market sight, with stands and booths
of ncarlv orcry description, crowded
witii Chinese patrons, lie should pass
through Mott street on a Sunday after
noon, say about five o'clock. Tho way
the heathens got nway witli Christian
watermelon is significant. Without
exaggeration on a single Sunday after
noon between tlio hours of four and
eight p. m., nt least two tons, or four
thousand pounds, of watermelons nro
devoured by tho throat-parched opium
smokers. Ihero aro seven Chinamen
who keep watermelon stands and each
takes in from twenty to fiftv dollar
per Sunday. They retail their melons
at five cents a slice to their fellow conn
trymen. As many as forty Chinamen
aro often soon surrounding ono stand
munching at lingo chunks of- well
ripened "Wes'tern pumpkins," as tlio
Chinese call them.
Thou thcro aro tho Chinese peanut
stands, that also do a big business at
any time of tho year. This is because
tlio Chinese cook their peanuts in salt
water. Ihoy are boiled until they be
como mellow. Even tho Chinese
roasted peanuts aro much superior to
thoso produced by tho son of
sunny Italy, bocauso tho nuts
nro soaked in salt for thirty-six
hours before they aro put through the
roaster. Tho watermelon seeds are
similarly treated, and they servo among
tlio Mongolians of Gotham as a very
dainty dish at their groat dinners, as,
instead of smoking cigars, the Chinese
guests sit down and crack watermelon
Thosugar-cano stands also do a rush
ing business, as do the Chinese "Leon
fun" or ico-cream stands. The Chinese
ice-croam is somewhat different from
.my other kind of ice-cream. In tho
first placo it lias no ice in it, and in tho
second place there is no cream; but it
is called Loon fun or "cold" croam or
jelly, and it is really the only thing that
answers to ico-cream among tho four
hundred million of heathens in China.
Tlio Chinese aro so fond of it that even
tho real article hero has failed to super
sodo it. This "Leon fun" is mado of u
species of light stuff, very much liko
American blanc mango. It is boiled
very thin with brown sugar and sot in
cold water until it congeals and then
cut up in dico-shaped small squares.
A fow spoonfuls of this is put into a
bowl, a kind of thin, cool sweetened
sauco is poured over it, and tho whole
of this peculiar mixture is sold for
Christian nickel. Tho Mott street fan-
tan pl.'tyors call it boiled ice-cream.
Wong Chin Foo, in N. Y. World.
SMUGGLING AT NIAGARA.
How American Omuls Are Carried Across
the Canadian Uik.
Quito a thriving smuggling business
s done by boatmen on tho river, and
at least thrco Port Erie boatmen mako
their living this way. whilo there are
dozens of others who carrv contraband
goods occasionally. Two Fort Erie fish
ermen, who were drowned last winter,
had thoir boat loaded with live hun
dred pounds of coal, which caused tho
craft to capsize on tho ice-floe when a
break-up occurred on the lake.
llio penalty for smuggling into
Canada is heavy, and there are somo
queer wrinkles in tlio law. For in
stance, tho informant gets a largo per
centago of tho proceeds of a seizure
Then, if a person should smuggle :
small amount of goods while t;ntofinr
the larger part, the whole is subject to
seizure. When Hoot & Koating's confi
dential clerk, Erp, embezzled several
thousand dollars, he built a lino house
over the river in Fort Erie and furnished
it in excellent style. Ho entered his
housohold goods on tho freo list as
having been used several months, but
afterward smuggled over several laco
window curtains. A Fort Erie woman,
who got into Mrs. Erp's confidence, in
formed tho officers, and every thing in
tlio house was seized. Tho informant
got a largo part of tho furniture, and
lias some of it now in her house in tho
village. Tho seizure so broke up Erp
that ho returned to Duffalo and gave up
all ho had left on condition that lie
would noti'o criminally prosecuted.
A veteran boatman said to-day:
"Smuggling is going on all tho time
along the Niagara river front. It is
mostly from this side into Canada.
Small boats are used, and every even
ing dozens of parcels are carried over.
Fort Erie peoplo get seven-eighths of
their supplies from Duffalo, and seven
eighths of tliis pays no duty. Thoy
bring tlio goods down to tho water
front and leave them with somo boat
honso keeper or friend and give somo
boatman over the river a tip to ferry
thoin across. They'll do it for twenty
five cents alul deliver tlio goods after
dark. The Canadian olllcers aro hon
est enough, but they have got too much
to watch and can not cover every point.
"I ferried over four young fellows
one night who each had a now suit of
clothes. People save fifty per cent.,
on some things and thou they can't
get what they want over in Canada.
Poor coffee costs forty conts a pound,
when just as good can bo got in Duffalo
for twonty-tlvo cents. Ton is tlio same
way. You can not got a decent pair of
shoes in Fort Erie. Housekeepers go
to the citv, order ten or twelve dollars
worth of goods to be delivered at a eor
tain place along tho river, and during
the night tho goods are transferred
across. Jiujl'alo Cor. Chicago Sows.
Fremont County, Wyo., sheared
sixty-live thousand sheep this season,
yielding live hundred and twenty-live
thousand pounds of wool.
The Direction In Which to Look for Prac
tical Instances of it.
Curtius rode into the dreadful nnd
dark, abyss for tho salvation of Rome
It was a deed for all time to applaud
and for all men to exult over a splcu
did exhibition of personal daring and
of patriotic sacrifice. A good d
nearer to us in point of fact and tunc
was the heroic front of Nathan Hale,
tlio gallant young martyr of the Amer
ican revolution, whoso last regret was
that he had only only one lifo to give to
his country. Very properly wo admir
and celebrate those and all heroic
deeds; but there aro other kinds of
heroism of which littlo note is made
but which ought to movo us to admir;
tion as fervid ns that which tlio world
lias agreed to lav upon tho altars
whoreon patriotism has immolated it
self in the splendid moments of tho
world s history. Where, for example
shall wo find loftier courage than that
of the woman who goes into her own
kitchen day after day and week after
week during tlio long continued and
wearing heat of the summer, that those
who aro dependent on lier ministrations
may cat and drink and bo satisfied?
And that sho does it with sweet cheer
fulness, and that she comes from her
kitchen to her dinner table flushed
and overheated, thinking only how
she can enhance tho family comfort.
with never a complaint for self, and
you may have a truly heroic figure,
Sublime patienco is the only weapon
with which wo can do hopeful
Dattlo against extreme boat. How
many of us are possessed of
sufficient moral music to handle
that weapon valiantly? The lament
able fact is, most of us aro too ready
to lay down the good sword point of
patience and fight only with dull com
plaint and querulous objurgation. The
general impulse is to run away at tho
hrst onslaught of summer, in cowardly
and selfish heedlessness of the mother
martyr in her kitchen. She is not an
inspiration for tlio poets (who aro not,
as a rulc.'hclpful or reassuring persons
to nvo with), but, as this world goes.
sho is tho motor and tho fly wheel of
tlio lainily machine. Without her what
could Wo do? .And where should we
find a substitute? It is onlvthe favored
fow who can say to tho hired servant
"Go thou, and do nnd suffer in our
service that wo may eat of the pahv
tablo whortleberry pio and tho juicy
roast bcof, and drink of the iced tea
that rattles merrily in tho capacious
goblet." Appreciation of the humble
woman s patience and courage and
fortitude in tho faco of hor kitchen
sufferings would seem to be the small
est compensation that we can rivo hor.
No doubt we would gladly pay her
much moro than appreciation if only
some thoughtful friend would remind
us of our debt. The trouble with us
is that wo accept her uncomplaining
service as part of our inherent right.
Why may not wo mako an occasional
littlo speech or perform an occasional
littlo act of thanks? Detroit Free
BENEFITS OF SUNLIGHT.
FartH for Hotim-kccpers Who Have the
Wolfaro of Tlmlr KaiullIcH at Heart.
Instead of excluding tho sunlight
from our houses lest it fade carpets nnd
curtains, draw flics and bring freckles.
we should open every door and window
and bid it enter. It brings life and
health and joy; there is healing in its
beams; it drives away disease, damp
ness, mold, megrims. Instead of do
ing this, however, many careful house
wives close tho bl'nds, draw down tho
shades, lock the doors, .shut out the
glorifying rays, nnd rejoice in the dim
and musty coolness and twilight of
their apartments. It is pleasant, and
not unwholesome during tho glare
of tho noontide to subdue tliri heat, but
in the evening wo may freely indulge
in tho sun-bath, and let it 'flood all
our rooms and if at its very fiercest
ind brightest, it has full entrance
to our sleeping rooms so much tho
better for us. Wire netting in doors
md windows excludes not Hies and
mosquitoes onlv, but all other insects,
and those who have onco used it will
continue to do so. With this as a pro
tection from intrusive winged ereat
ures, one may almost dispenso with
shades and shutters; and enjoy all tho
benefits of an open house without any
of tho annoyances so frequent in warm
weather. Dut better the annoyances
with sunshine than freedom from them
without it. Statistics of epidemics
have shown that if thoj' rage' in any
part of a city, they will prevail in
houses which aro exposed the least to
sunshine, while those most exposed to
it, will not bo at all, or very slightly,
ttlected. Even in tho sanio house,
persons occupying rooms exposed to-
sunlight will bo healthier and repulse
epidemic influences better than thoso
occupying rooms where no sunlight en
ters. Baptist Weekly.
Gonoral John Didwell, who rccent
gavo eight acres of his great ranch
at Chico, Cal., as a site for tho now
Normal School of Northern California,
went to that State long before tho dis
covery of gold. Ho bought ids ranch
of 30,000 acres for $:),000, and now it is
worth $-.000,000, and yields an income
of sf 100,000. General Didwell used to bo
a great wiuo producer, but his second
wife has induced him to root out all
his wiuo grapes and replace them witli
A turtle was found in 1851 south
of York, Pa., by sevoral parties, who
marked it "L. K." In 1877 it was
found again, and few davs ago tlio
amo old turtle was found on tho farm
of Mr. J. F. Hohrbaoh, south of York.
When found and marked in 1851 the
turtle was us large as it is now.
BOLD RAILWAY THIEVES.
now Traveler In Italy Are ltobbed of the
Contents of Their Trunks.
English travelers in Italy have now
and then had occasion to perceive that
thoir luggage was not safe from depre
dations which could only be charged
to the railway employes, but com
plaints have always been fruitless even
to diminish the number of thefts ex
cept for a short period, some years
since, when a lady of tho diplomatic
world had her jewels taken neatly out
of her trunk, which caused official ac
tion and detection of tho dishonest
oilicials, when for a time tlio thefts
were less common. Tho effect of tho
investigation which then took place,
however, passed away, and now wo
have another Princess robbed nnd an
other inquisition, for railway robberies,
like collisions, require victims in high
positions to secure the attention of tho
In tlio last ton years I havo had my
luggage rifled five times before I
learned tlio way to treat it, which is,
first, to put nothing in tlio luggago
which can bo of value to tho thieves;
and, secondly, to see that the locks aro
such as can not bo tampered with
without showing it when the luggago
is delivered. Some cautious peoplo
carry leaden seals and pincers with
cipher, and seal all the luggage as if it
were going from Rome to Florence.
This is effective.
Tiie thieves have access to the lug
gage vans, and work whilo tho train is
in motion. Thoy generally drive out
tho pin of tho hasp of tlio lock or thoso
of tho hinges, go carefully through tho
contents, put them back as carefully,
after having taken what they want,
and put the pins of lock or hinges back
in their place., The thefts aro gener
ally limited to luggage going through
Italy or that which evidently belongs
to foreigners. If a box has luggago
tickets on it showing that it goes back
and forth continually in Italy tho
thieves let it alone. Tho owner of tho
luggage thus does not discover tlio
theft till too far from the thief to com
plain. Complaint is, however, of no
use. In one personal experience, in
which my wife's trunk had been deli
cately overlooked and 20 extracted
from an envelope in a writiug-oaso at
the bottom, where it was put at Turin,
every thing else having boon carefully
replaced, I made complaint to the
station-master at Venice, us won as wo
found that tho money was missing, and
the magnanimous official laughed at
me, saying: "If you fear for your ef
fects take them into tho carriage with
you, at which tho whole stall haw-
hawed uproariously; it was so good a
joke to propose to tako a lady's trunk
into tiie passenger carriage. In an
other case I found a portmanteau
forced open, so that I was aware of tho
robbery before I took my luggago from
the station, and at once called the at
tention of the officials to it, when they
replied that us the luggage had passed
over several roads it was impossible to
say where it was done. Home Cor.
CHARACTER IN SHOES.
The Slgnlllrant .Stories Told by Old or
"Do you know how much character
there is to be read in a partly worn
pair of boots or shoes?" said tho cob
bler to the reporter, as ho hammered a
last nail in among a double row of
them on the outer border of the heel of
a boot. "There might bo a collection
formed of shoos taken from tho feet of
a dozen wearers and tho dullest com
prehension would seo somo trait ex
hibited in looking them over. There
is tho cow-hide variety, coarse, mado
for work and not for ornament; its solo
will bo found evenly worn, denot
ing a phlegmatic, steady character,
whoso shoes boar him stead
ily and without nervousness to and
from labor, which, not being his own.
needs no rush or hurry. Then you may
tako tho better grade of men's shoes;
there's one with oaeli heel worn away
at the back, which denotes tho brisk,
energetic business man, and tho pair
near by, similar, but with tlio left heel
worn at the back while tho right ono
has kept its original shape. Why, if
you work for that man and somo day
ho looks up to the sky and says: "I hero
;oes a white crow, vou say it is very
white, or you will look for a new place,
because ho is a man of emphatic ideas.
which lie emphasis at every stop as ho
pegs down that left heel.
"Look out for that pair of shoes all
run down at the side, and have him for
your good-natured, jolly, fun-loving
friend, but not to look out for vour in
terests, because ho never did it for his
own, and consequently will not for an
other. Then tlioro is ono pair with tho
toot, 'stubbed out.' Theso are owned
by a visionary man, whoso thoughts
and eyes are away up in tlio clouds, so
tar above earthly things as to mako
him an impractical man in all business
matters. Ihero aro women s books.
too, but about tho only difference lies
in the radical changes that tho last fow
years havo brought about, for where
onco the woman of fashion wore only
tho narrow-toed, French-heel boot, and
tho lower class the sensible shoe, sho of
the hunt ton now wears only the com
mon sense style, and to the servant girl
on her afternoon out, and to the lower
class, the onco favorite French shoo is
relegated. What on earth holds more
cause for pathos and anguish ,in inani
mate form than tho tiny, half-worn
tdtoes of the littlo one whoso footsteps
were so fow until thoy started back on
thoir journoy to the angols they left iv
littlo whilo ago? Many n broken
hearted mother will part with all her
doail child's wardrobe for charity's
sake, but the Mttle shoos she will ten
derly wrap up ami keep through tho
years that pass between their parting
and meeting." Providence Journal.