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About The Oregon scout. (Union, Union County, Or.) 188?-1918 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 17, 1887)
L PltACTIGAL SYSTEM.
THE BON MARCH ES PLAN OF PRO
FIT SHARING WITH EMPLOYES.
Co-Operatlon as Practiced In Pari' Great
Millinery nnil Dry Goods Paradise A
Home fur tlio Homeless Division of
I the Profit.
Few Americans leave Paris without visiting
tho Mognsin Bon Mnrclio. It tbey nro not
themselves addicted to tlio pleasures of shop
ping tney aro burdened with commissions
from friends nt home, and it is moro than
likely that they will snatch at least a half
day from the attractions of galleries and
churches to dovoto to that great paradise of
millinery and dry goods. The Bon Murcbo
is one of tho most distinguished of tho fifty
French firms which share their profit! with
all who aro employed in tho business. Its
founder, M. lloucicant, made it his highest
aim to associate In his financial success all tho
work MHplo who had united with him to ob
tain it, "especially thoso whoso capacities
wero not adequate for tho attainment of
lucrative jxst." Binco bis death in 1877 his
widow has developed with wisdom and gener
osity all l:is plans.
All who nro ink-rested in such efforts, anil a
grout many who aio prompted on'y by an
idle curiosity, Join tho party of visitors, who,
nt !1 o'clock each afternoon, aro led through
tho great buildings of tho Maison lloucicant.
Following their courteous guldo they enter
tho packing department, a business in Itself,
from which goods nro dispatched to every
part of tho civilized world: they oxumlno the
heavy curtains and tho illuminating appar
atus of tho room, where, by electric light,
shades and colora.cuu lxi exactly harmonl7.ed,
and they visit tlio' stables, shining w ith neat
ness, where bcores of magnificent horses are
lodged liko princes.
A HOME KOll TIIK IIOMKLKSH.
Far moro distinctly interesting is tho home
for tho homeless girls among tlio employes,
which occupies a part of tho privato bui. dings
of Mine, lloucicant. Walking through the
largo halls ono catches glimpses of pleasant,
airy rooms, each with polished lloor, cur
tained window und pretty furniture, livery
room is arranged for ono occupant, nud lx.'iirs
thoimpress of her crsoiml tastes in photo
graphs, ornaments or (lowers. An attractive
parlor is provided with n piano, well filled
lxioi: cases and games. Hero tlieso young
women receive their friends and meet together
for social evenings.
Bpecia! consideration for working women
is Indicated again by tho arrangement of the
dining rooms, which occupy almost un entire
floor of tho main building. In providing
lunch and dinner for Its employes tho Hon
Marcho follows a Parisian custom, moro or
less general, in raforoneo to which wages aro
ud justed; but It can safely bo said that no
other establishment provides such delicate
und nourishing rood, wlillo wages are, at
least, as high as in similar business houses.
There aro five dining rooms, large, sunny and
airy. Ono of these is set apart to tho uso of
tho working girls, and Is moro tasteful In its
furnishing. They are all comfortable and
scrupulously neat und entirely free from any
odor of cooking. Tlio appointments of the
kitchen aro on an immense scale; Gallons ot
soup aro simmering in brightly polished
kettles on tho enormous stoves, which dally
roast 2,000 pounds of meat. Do.cns of bas
kets aro already filled with bread, which an
Ingenious llttlo machine Is slicing thin for
tho potage. Tho refrigerators aro well filled
provision stores in themselves. Lunch con
sists ot meat with vegetables, followed by a
dessert w 1th n half liter of wlno. At dinner,
In addition to tlieso con rscs, soup and salad
aro offered. There is always a choice of
meats; on tho day of my visit tho menu in
cluded roast beef anil stowed hare.
Tho Mulsou lloucicant makes provision to
satisfy mental cravings nswell as physical
needs. A largo loom is selapart to tho usoof
iha evening classes. Here, on dlll'erent even
ings of tho week, are courses In bookkeei
ing, tho modern languages, orchestral music
anil chorus singing. Concerts nro given by
tlieso iiiubIo classes, with tho assistance of
well known artists.
kxugutivi: ami mcoiblativk.
1 Clow to thu class i c Him is tlio center of ex
ecutive and leglslat i o power, thootllcn whew
Mine. lloucicant meets tho heads of depart
ments and superii i employes whom she has
associated with herself In ao(uul partnership.
Kach ono of them owns n $10,000 share of the
capital, No ono bis umtrihutcd moro than
$20,000, and In som instances a single shure
belongs to several jxtsoiis, though entered
under one name, so that the benefits of part
ncrship aro extended to more than 100. These
working pjirtneni in the meetings, at which
Mme, llouelcaiit presides, present their w
ports and consult together for tho advantage
of tho great business which they direct.
About 1,000 oniyloyos, nil those who hate
served llvo years, U'long to tho provident
society, through which profit sharing is prac
ticed. Tlio exact eivcntugo of tlio profit
allotted annually to this society Is undetermin
ed and eligible of variation from year to
year At tjio end of tho commercial year of
18S5-80 about $21,000 was paid Into its treas
ury Tho share of each pnrtlciivint, nearly
proportionate to the amount of bU wages, is
not paid over nuuutiUy, but capitalized to
liis account, an I draws yearly interest at tho
rato of -I H'r cent. Cash payment is niado of
tho 8iim thus accumulated when tho owners
attain tho UUlli year of their ago or tho
twentieth of their work for tho house. In tho
caso of women, the limits aw 50 years of ago
or fifteen of work,
Tho interpretation of these conditions is
very generous, llluessand authorized absence
of three months aw not considered us In
terruption of work. In exceptional cases of
long sickness or disabling accident, an im
mediate Hiymont is often made, and when a
partieiMiut dies tho amount to his credit is
given at onco to tho surviving relatives. A
shvIm1 rulo pro v Mm that a woman who
marries mid loaves the business shall re
celve tho whole amount duo to her, howover
long sho may have Uvn employed.
Tho entire capital of tho pivvldent society
amount at prewnt to mow than 1,000,000
francs nearly $:00,I00. During tho Inst year,
however, Mine, lloucicant, dissatisfied with
tho Incoiue which It yields to workmen who
hnvo grown olil in service, has foundiHl, by a
ienoiml gift of nlxiut $1,000,000, a society of
retreat, whlrli provides for tho same liidlvidu
ills, under equivalent conditions, but adds to
tho llttlo capital thus secured an minimi ixm.
Bion of fi-oin fJlOO to AK), Boston Herald.
Young Wuinen In College,
A writer In Tho Popular Science Monthly
says college work Is by no moans injurious to
female btudcnls. Young women in collego
ni) in far U-ttor health than young women In
socloty.nw healthleriis seniors than they wow
as fivfchnion, and nvuragu fewer coses of III
new tbuiuiro idiown In men's colleges, while
htntistle fchow that Ihoy enjoy bum total of
twenty jut cent, better IvmltU than tho aver
ago woman. Chlcngo Time.
Au Kxrutli'iit I'eed Cutter.
A Bucks county funncr, who sent $10 to n
Philadelphia address in answer to an ndver.
ttwmunt of the fliicst feed cutter in America,
received In return tv 2 ct of faUo teeth.
LOVE'S DESERTED PALACE. f3
Itegard it well, 'tis yet n lordly place, '
Palace of love, onco warmed with sacred Area,
And loud from end to end with Joy of lyres,
rragrant with Incense, with great lights ablazo.
The tt.-cs aro dead now! dead tho festal rays;
No moro tho music marrlfs keen desires,
No more tlio Incense of tho slirlao aspires,
And of love's godhead there Is now no trace.
Yet If ono walked at night through thoso dim
Might it not chance that ghostly shapes would
And ghostly lights glide glimmering down tho
That there might bo a stir, a sound or sigtis,
And gentle voices answering gentlo cans,
u-ntul.rliir umlths of melodies! I
Philip Bourko Slainlon.
TRAINING HANDS AND HEAD.
What Is Helng Accomplished Aiming tlio
Youths of Hampton Institute.
These negro and Indian youths como with
no good background to cxerciso Its uncon
scious but most potent inlluciico in shaping
their lives rather tho reverse is true. This
whole life must Iki reformatory, nn uplifting
out of dark and undeslrablo conditions and
tendencies. There must lw reform, not for
conscious misdoing, but for circunistaneing,
of misfortune, and not of fault. (Jen. Arm
strong's pupils aro up at 5:30 in tho morning,
put in ten solid hours ot work, manual and
with books, and go to lx.il at 0:30. liach hour
has Its duty, Its occupation, or its responsi
bilityand tho vast machlno is distinctly a
As tho negroes and Indians work side by
side on tho farm and in tho shops their
natural traits aro conspicuously illustrated.
Tlio Indian is tho quicker, tho moro ngileon a
spurt; but his black brother has vastly moro
staying power. Tim Indian has tho moro
able and nimble legs, but tho negro is better
dovelojxsl in tho chest and arms all becauso
of very obvious reasons. Gen. Armstrong
says his best students aro thoso who work all
day and have only two hours for study nt
night. The same thing made manhood moro
robust in the fino typo of men who worked
their way through collego and aro to-day
rather impatient that all boys are not' put to
tho school of adversity which they remember
Work and an atmosphere of moral refine
ment nro doing much for these picked repre
sentatives of tlio red and black, and it is in
teresting to discover that tho day scholars
thoio who livo oittsidu the institution do not
turn out so well. Ono sldo of their life lets
them down too much.
Tho home farm employs thirteen students
nil day, with a detail of forty-five who aver
ago ono and a hulf days a week; its products
are ten acres of early peas, ten of Irish pota
toes, ninety of sweet potatoes, fifteen of onls,
two of cabbage and onions, two of spinach
and kale; forty-four acres nro seeded to clover,
100 to corn fodder, forty-six to ryo, and 110
acres aro under cultivation in garden and
orchard. Tho Hemenway farm, about five
miles distant, has 112 acres In corn, forty
three In wheat, 100 in oats, eighty in clover
and 200 in pasture.
Tho Huntington industrial works saw mill
and wood working shop whoro 1.1.000.000
feet of pine, poplar and oak, brought in rafts
through tho canal of tho Dismal swamp from
tho forests of North Carolina nnd Virginin,
have been woi ked up in tho yenr; tho depai t
moiitof household work, tho caring for this
great family of COO, which oirors a field for
training that housowlves will appreciate; tho
dressmaking and tailoring department.,
whew uniforms, dresses ami shirts aro made;
tho printing office and bindery, which has
created a demand for colored printers that
cannot bo supplied ami whoro four years aro
required for mastering tho art of bookmakiug;
tho knitting room with its I,amb knitters, that
afford means of self support, nnd stimulate
tho quickness that piece work always begets;
tlio engineer's department, mo iiiiuaii i min
ing shops, eight in ull, giving Instructions in
n uiniiv tmdus wood workiiiLT. carvlmr.
carK'iiteriug, harness making, shoeinakiiig,
tllismliumg, panning una umcKsiumiiiif;, me
irisnmlumsn mill t lin imrdi'ii these all attract
and instruct tlio visitor. Cor. Springfield
Anglomania lu 1HO'-.
Tho angloinanlao of tho present day can
turn to the curious pages of last century's
newspapers and learn that tho mania which
has seized him is of veiiprnblo origin and
flourished in New York several generations
ago. "Tommy Clod," in a New York nows
paer of lSOJ, contributes n receipt for mak
ing young bucks, from which wo give a fow
exeerpts: "When you arfatigued with walk
ing you may slip into llryden's, or Evan's,
and every genteel person you may meet limy
accost you with 'damme, sir, tho weather's
hot,' etc. 'A gentleman can get no accom
modation lu this town. Loudon is the place,
sir;' and if you should get over a bottle of
wine, you can talk about places which you
never sawnud circumstances that never hap
pened; and if you toll a few lies it is not of
much consequence, ami will only tend to
convince tho person that you havo a very
fertile Imagination. It will bo necessary,
liefoiv you talk nlxmt London, Paris or other
populous cities to get acquainted with the
principal streets, which you can easily do by
going to any of tlio stores and Mrusing for
tlvo minutes tho4ieces.sury books. You
must learn tho most fashionable oaths, and
every now and then, whenever you can find
an opKirUmity, blend them with your con
versation, for nothing adds so much to iv man
ofiMUscquonuousn few of those pronounced
with a proper emphasis." The Argonaut.
Wilt Hooks Disappear?
"Will tho coming man read books!" is tho
startling question that Henry Holt, ono ot
tlio leading book publishers of tho land, pro
ixuiuds in The Writer, lie is led to it by ro
llectlonou the fact that there has been a ro
nmrkublo falling oil" in the sales of bound
volumes in tho last ton yeais. "In novels,
IMvins, travels, essays, histories, biogra
phies," be says, "tlio publishers find that
they can, as a rule, place but about ono
third as many copies of a now bound Ixxik as
they could ten years ago." The query comes,
If the sale diminishes one-third In ton years,
how long will it take for extinction I Surely
hew Is fixxl for most serious reflection, Was
there ever s,uch a sociologle revolution in tho
history of the civillml world as this w ill lx if
It culminates lu tho disnpicaranco of tho
lxik f For tho book has Ixnrn tho chief factor
In the history of tho world's mind, the library
lias lieen the most (xitont clement for good in
the life of tho homo, and tho IhhiU writer tho
most wvewd and must lutlueutial of man
kind. If, as Mr Holt Imlleves, tho change is
largely duo to the givat development of mws
;uiorx and periodicals, then, indeed, H tho
revolution essential and complete. "Will the
coining man wad lKXjksf" Public Opinion.
Teaching u lliirno to Walk Pat.
A axy hoie can Iw tmigit to walk fast by
driving him alone and continually urging
him to move as desired. Any particular
word, promptly uttered every time the whip
U applied, w ill soon give him to understand
what is rtsjuiivd. A sybtomatio course of
Uoiiif at short Interval must be given in
order to succeed. Chicago limes.
Tho fpoclflo germ from whloh whooping
cough Uil8Veloxsl U believed to uxl.t In the
STRATEGY USED BY A REPORTER
TO APPROACH CONKLING.
lien Itutlor Said to Ho the Most Satis
factory Interylowee In tlio Country.
Henry Ward IJeoclicr's Kindness to the
Tliero aro nomo men in publlo Hfo who
have tho reputation of being non-interviow-ablo.
Itoseoo Conkllng used to bo so classi
fied when ho was in tho senate. Knowing
that to lw tho case, I thought I would try my
luck with him. It was on a train going west
from Harrisburg, Pa., to tho great Chicago
convention of '80, which was to, but did not,
nominate Grant for a third term. Conkllng
had a special car all to himself. It was
guarded at each end by stout colored porters,
with orders to let no ono In. Mr. Arthur
(afterward president) and Mr. James (after
ward postmaster general) were tho only men
in tho car with tho great man. To one of tho
colored sentlnols on tho car platform I went
and said: "Can I seo Mr. Conkllng!" "No,
nab," said tho ixirtcr, "ho gave pcticklcr or
ders to let nobody in." "Ah," said I, "but he
didn't know 1 was on tho train just glvohim
tills card, please." This and a quarter no
colored car porter can resist a quarter car
ried my card to tho great man.
On tho card I had written: "Grant dele
gate to Chicago" which was n bit of strate
It did tho business. I was called in, shaken
by tho hand, nnd Invited to cat fruit, while
the imperial senator from tho imperial state
posted mo all up on tho prospectsof Grant, as
'lio viewed them. When he got through -I
'said: "Our friends in Boston would be de
lighted to know how confident you feel, Mr.
.Senator havo you any objection to Ve
quoted in a nowspaper dispatch?" "Not the
loast," ho replied, for by this timo ho was oil
his dignity and almost as human as Mr.
Cleveland. And so I succeedod in stnnding
up the haughty man for an interview, which
was sent on to Doston ns fastis a badly jolt
ing train would permit mo to scratch it off.
In this caso it is certain that tho sight of a
nolo book at tho outset, or even nn admission
that I desired an interview for a paper, would
havo prevented my talking with him nt all.
OEN. I1EXJAMIN 1'. IlUTLKr..
Gen. Uenjamin l' Ilutlcr I regnrd ns, on
tho whole, tho most satlsfactoiy interviewee
in tho country. He, too, has tho reputation
of being difficult of access. It is not true in
tho sense of bis being lofty or inierious, a la
Conkiing. Undo Hen is ono of tho most
genial gentleman in tho United Stntes to
iiowspnix.T men who "uso him square" nnd
don't abuse his confidence. Hut woo betide
tho interviewer who undertakes to publish n
confidential talk, which ho has agreed not to
uso, nnd then go near Undo lien for another
favor, lio will not get it, but ho may get n
largo pieco of Undo Den's mind. First and
last tho general has given mo probably a
dozon or mow interviews, nnd thoy were very
easily taken. The general does all tho work
for you himself. Ho frames tho questions
and answers both, does it at an easy pace, so
that it ran Ik) taken down without straining
your stenographic powers, and never falls to
give you a readable, entertaining column or
two columns, or whatever length ho may talk
I havo heard It said that Undo Hen draws
tho lino at interviowers connected with
papers opposed to him, but I don't believe it.
In iny own case I begun reporting on a Dem
ocratic paper when ho wns a Republican and
passed to tho stair of a Republican paper
when ho beennio a Democrat, but always
found a warm welcome at bis house or ids
olllco, and un interview if ho folt liko giving
iikniiy WAiin ni:r.ciiKK.
Tho only other man who ever conducted nn
Intervlow after Uutler's method, in my ox
perience, was tlio lato Henry Word Ileeclier
At tho time of his controversy over ths doo
trino of everlasting punishment, soniowhere
about the fall of 1S77, my friend Maj. Pond
guvo mo an introduction to Mr. liecclier for
tho purposo of trying to get an intervlow out
of him in answer to tlio attacks of Dr. Storrs
and others. It was at Music hall, one even
ing after n lecture. "Como round to the
Evans house in tho morning nnd go witli mo
toward Dover, N. II., where I lecture to-inor-row
night, and I'll talk for you," said tho
famous preacher. Depend upon it I was
there. Working on a sixth rato dailyata slim
salary, a talk witli lieecher that would sell
readily for $50, or oven ilOO, was not to bo
Well, I wont and met the great man, and
together wo hoarded tho train for Dover. As
soon as wo started, Mr. Ileeclier said: "Now,
sir, if you are ready." I thought ho meant
tun to ilro away witli a question. But ho
stopixxl mo right oil'. "You write short
hand!" "Yes," said I. "All right; then
please put this question" and Mr, Ileeclier
proceeded, exactly as Gen. Butler does, to
put his own questions and answer them, until
ho hud reeled off two columns and n half of
Tho Now York Herald, to which great pajwr
1 sent tho interview, I i-emiber the flaring
hcadlino was "Bcoehcron Hell," but I reiueni
lxr with still mow joy the two baudsomo
figures in tho left hand corner of Tho Her
ald's check. Jnmea W. Clarko in Tho
. Saveil tlio Notes.
A doctor named Francois earned n hundred
francs tho other day and had a good deal of
fun into the Itargain. A lady's jxt dog swal
lowed a Iwnk note of tho value of 1,000 francs
It was such nn accident as lias happened lx
fow in the world's history, and it lias usually
resulted, when tlio amount lost was large, in
tho immediate deatli of the dog. In this caso
tho lady would have sacrificed tho banknote
rather than the innocent pup, so slio set out
at onco for tho olllco of her family physician,
Dr. Francois. Tho doctor was at first amused
nud thou piwled. Tho lady was suw tho dog
had not chewed tho noto all to pieces, and sho
ollVivd the physician 10 per cent, if ho should
save It. Ho would bavodoiio his best to pleao
a client und so ho tried tho only remedy that
seemed to otl'er Iiojxj. Doggy w as placed in a
choir and n pan was put in front of him.
Then tho physician adiniiiisteml an emetic.
Tho dog took a w holo glassful without protest
and without ellVct, w hile his mistress stood
by anxiously. After that tho dog seemed dis
inclined to swallow mow, but a llttlo was
forced down his throat nnd then tho smell ot
tho doo Ixx-amo so disagreeable that what
had lioon taken $ixedily npjieaiwl and, happy
to relate, tho thousand finno noto included.
It was intact and only needed a patient dry
ing. Doggy ivcoverod in half n hour. ParU
Cor, Philadelphia Times.
Ttin Intelligent Compoltor.
"All I what's tliUf exclainuxl tho intelligent
compositor. " 'Sermons in stones, tooks in
tlio running brooks f That can't Ixi right. I
havo it) He ntejins 'Sermons in liooks, stones
lu tho running brooks.' That's bouso." And
thut is how tho writer found it. And yet ho
was not happy. Uostou Transcript.
Tlio total number of railroad accidents in
fJermmiy Inst year was '.',175. Tho number
of io:ons killed or died within twenty-four
bourn after tho accident nu 47C
THE OLD BOOKS.
Deep In tho past I peer and rco
A child upon tho nursery floor,
Holding a book upon his knee,
Who asks, liko Oliver, for more.
Tlio number of his years is l ,
4nd yet in letters hath ho skill.
How deep ho dived In fairy lore!
The books I loved, I lore them stllL
nnn ..iff o. rnlrlra rave me threo
They commonly Ixstowcd of yore
The lovo of books, the golden key
That opens the enchanted door;
lieklnd It Dluebeard lurks, nnd o'er
nd o'er doth Jack his giants kill,
And there Is all Aladdin's store:
Tho books I loved, 1 love them still.
Tako all. but leave my books ta mo I
Those'heavy creels of old we lovo
Wo find not now, nor wander free,
Nor wear tho heart that onco wo wore.
Not now each river seems to poe
Uls water from tho Muse's hill;
Though something's gono from stream and
Tho books 1 loved, I love them still.
MILLIONS OF CORKSCREWS.
nnmigh Mnilo In 1880 to Span Way
Around the Globe Novelties.
Thoro is ono firm in Newark that beats tho
world nt making nnd selling corkscrews. In
round numbers there were 150,000,000 cork
screws mndo by this ono firm Inst yenr, or
corkscrews enough for nearly every voter on
tho globe. If tho corkscrews, which average
threo inches In length, that were mndo during
tho 3ear 18S0 could havo been laid length to
length, they would havo reached from New
York to San Francisco, and then spanned tho
broad Paelficand touched thoshorcsof Japan.
That will givo somo idea of tho number. But
this was only one firm, although the largest,
itlis true. Could all tho corkscrews made
lat; year Ixj known, tliero must have been
enough manufactured to supply nearly every
man, woman and child on this muiulnro
sphere with one. To mnko tho 150,000,000,
rcquirod sovonty-flvo men, simply for tho
twisting ot tho screws, to ray nothing of tho
making of tlio wooden and other stylo of
handles. They worked steadily tho year
round at it.
Ono would hardly think that moro than
threo or four vnrieties were rcquirod, but
there aro about forty on the market. They
include tho ring handle, steel wire screws for
demijohns and largo bottles; tho double ring,
handily incased pocket screw; tho folding
screw nnd tho broad wiro handle screw.
Somo timo ago an icepick and a cigar bos
opener was mado with a screw concealed in
tho steel tulx) handle. Tho tuLo can be
slipped ofi" and tho ice pick forms tho handlo
of tho screw. Another novelty has n brush
In the handle, so that tho colored waiter is
not obliged to run Ids fingers around tho in
sido of tht. neck of n wino bottle to removo
the particles of cork anil dust. For chain
pagno bottleii a scrow is mndo with a blado in
ono end of tho lmudlo to cut tho twino
around tho cork. Another linndlo con
tains both tho knifo and brush on tho handle.
Tho power corkscrew is nn ingenious nr
rangement which saves the knees and arms
from a tussle with an obstinate and fractious
cork. A cono of steel fits over tho neck of
the bottle, and tho screw draws tho cork
whllo tho cone presses on the bottle.
In addition to his corkserow patents, an
inventive man amused himself by twisting
up wiro in almcst every conceivable shape,
thereby supplying tho Hvo cent counters with
novelties nud himself with comfortable in
come, in addition to that previously made by
his ingenious faculties. Tlio sph-al thumb
screw, which can bo pushed into n board and
easily removed, after serving as a temporary
hat rack, is one of his inventions. It is only
a pieco of twisted wire. Spiral paper hooks,
wall hooks, hat and coat racks, spiral picture
nails, spiral carpet tacks and stair buttons,
card suspenders nud holders, Mil files, soap
holders, pickle forks, toasting nnd vegetable
forks aril shoo button hooks aw his inven
tions. Cor. Chicago 'Irilmuo.
What n Miiira.lnci Man Says.
"What kind of literature is most likely to
'Short stories and poems. AVoiuen are far
moro successful in writing these than men.
They nro better equipped to meet tho demands
of thon;;e. Most stories sent to tho magazines
by men embody somo attempt ata plot. Now,
almost every conceivable plot bus lx?en in
vented, and it is almost a miracle when
anything strikingly original comes to us.
Women, on tho other hand, aro mow apt to
employ situations which admit of n portrayal
of subtle shades of feeling. These aro tho
successful story writers of tho present day.
In jioenis the same holds good. Men write,
poems of description and action, women of
passion and feeling."
"How nw articles and stories paid for by
"Well, tho lxst of them havo an established
rate, generally $10 per 1 ,000 w ords. Of course
this is not an intloxiblo rule. Some especially
good articles nro paid special prices. For ex
ample, wo have paid as high ns $1,000 for u
five p.ifo poem. Stories generally run from
$100 to 6',V0. Tho pyNes fluctuate a great
deal. Much depends upon tho reputation of
tho author, A man liko Biet Harto or a
woman liko Constanco Feniiiinoro Woolson
Kin make demands which others could not.
Gcnorally speaking young writers havo a poor
chance to make n living from tho magazines."
Now York Letter.
Douil Indians' Debts.
"Tho debts of dead Indians aro paid by their
relatives," said an ex-meivhaiit on Main street
tho other day. "When Anderson and Barn
hart," ho continued, "killed tho Indian several
years ago, ho owed mo f!ll.". Since that
rime $W0 of this amount has been paid mo by
his relatives. Kentucky died tho other tiny
owing mo about f30. Already his relatives
Irivo upproaohed mo on tho subject nnd made
arrangements to pay the amount. It is a law
with them to pay the debts of their dead rel
atives, nud they never break it. I mil sure
of getting my money if an Indian dies owing
me, but when n white man dies leaving no
property, no matter how rich his relatives, I
never exjx?ct to get a cent. Thoro Is a gwnt
deal of good alxiut a dead Indian anyhow,"
said tho os.-mewbant, as ho closvil his interest
ing eonvors-atiou and walked away. ISnst
Tho Chicago 5hTx I'ot Oaths.
A Chicago girl would never mnko uso of
thut maudlin osplotivo "Mercy I" As wo
figuw it "mercy" lielongs strictly to the list
of Ynnkeo expletives, the sune as "sake
alive," "go.h all hemlock," "gewhilhktmu,"
and "jimmy CUrU'nuu." A Chicago girl
would wxiiier think of swenrintc "lie cokis
blode," or "Ikj swete Sunct Aim," or "Iw tho
sowen divelsof Cologne." When a Chicago
girl indulged in eiuputuU (ami this U swldoml
he explode i "great Scott," or culls on
heaven or earth lowitutu in th name of
"the Hind of th Great Sugar Curwl Ham!"
It Was u l'uvorlti'.
"We will sing tlw lure humlrea and
t wetity-ulnth hymn," said tlw mluUtur nt the
t'liwe of ii imUwtio funeral wrmau. "It wtu
f.ivorilB with tlm remains." tilttux City
"Oolwinoiu hes'' is tho namo givea to icam
dal lover in UnglumL.
THE CITY DIRECTORY.
HOW THE WORK OF GATHERING
NAMES IS ACCOMPLISHED.
Instructions to Canvasncrs Finished In
Three Lessons Hard Work and Sinull
Pay Somo of tho IJlfflcultlcs Encount
"I havo worked for tho Now York City
Directory on four canvasses," said a man of
middle ago to a reporter, "and have also done
similar work in Boston, Philadelphia and Bal
timore. About the third week of April of each
year you will for several days In succession seo
an advertisement in tho different newspapers
to tho effect that men aro wantsl to canvass
for tho City Directory. Tho requIremenU aro
clear round ixmmmsbip, a neat personal ap
pearance, and a good reference. This year
nearly 800 replies were received to tho adver
tisements. Somo years, when moro men nro
Idle, tho number runs up as high as 1,200.
From tbe-o replies, about 00 of tho best
IKinned aro selected, and a postal card h sent
to each of their writers, making an appoint
ment with tho applicant
"Well, of tor tho 800 postal cards havo been
sent out about 275 men will respond in person.
When they call at the office tbey will learn
tho terms nnon which thev will bo employed.
In this city tlieso terms are as follows: Nino
hours to constitute a day's work, with ono
hour for dinner. The minimum amount of
work that will bo accepted for n day is 175
nnmc3. A man who cannot bring in that
number is not wanted nt any price. Tho pay
promised varies from 1.50 to $2 a day, ac
cording to tho number of names returned and
tho correctness and neatuoss of the work
done. Ten per cent, is paid on nil advertise
ment orders procured, but this amounts to so
little with a common canvasser that it is not
to bo taken into account when calculating
what amount he will receive at tho ond of
tho week. If tho applicant accepts these
terms ho siens his name to them, and ho then
gets a card upon which u day and hour nro
notetl when ho must present himself at the
office for Instructions.
"These instructions are of tho simplest
nothing but writing names just the samo as
you see them in tho printed directory and
yet you would bo surprised at tlio great num
ber of Uunders that nro made by tho men at
first. Tha instructions aw finished in threo
lessons, when experiments are mado witli tho
paraphernalia tlio canvasser lias to carry nun
him. These consist of a small hottlo of ink.
with n sponge in it, a pen holder and lien, a
book of f lips about two mcties aim a nan uy
six inches in measurement and 200 in number,
a metal badiro with a number on it and a card
on which tho information! desired at houses
for names for tho directory is printed in Ger
man and Italian. In most cities Chinamen's
names aro taken tho same as anybody elso's,
but in Now York tho Mongolian laundrymen
nro utterly ignored by tho directory.
"Instructions being concluded, tho men aro
told to report for duty on tho first or second
dav. accordimr to cn-cumstances, ntter May
1. At 7:110 o'clock on the morning designated
a long lino wiil form outsido tho building und
tako their turn at tho desk-, where they re
ceivo two InooIcs of slips 100 in all liens, ad
vertisement blanks, ink nnd shields. These
latter must bo worn conspicuously on tho
lnpei ol tho coat, under penalty of discharge
for non-compliance; una during tlio canvass,
as far ns tho office is concerned, tho canvas
ser lo-es his identity by namo as completely
as a convict, in Sing Sing does, and w known
onlv bv tho number borne on his shield.
Thin cnuhmsd nud having been assigned to a
district, tuo men scatter to all parts of tho
city. By this time tho original number,
through different causes, has dwindled down
to about 225 men. When tho district to bo
canvassod is very distant from tho offico car
faro is furnished,
"Onco on tho ground tho fun begin?, and
tho work, too, for I tell you it is tho hardest
work-, this directory canvassing, a man ever
undertook for tho small pay received. Not
15 per cent, of tho whole uumbor earn tho
higher, $2, und to go up and down stairs tor
uino hours on a stretch for $1.50 is what 1
call pretty hard lines, nnd n man must be
hard pushed when Uo accepts sucii won;,
Many fall by tho waysido after tho fii'st day":
experience. Why, then, do r try it year
after year, do you ask? Well, I'm an old
canvasser and I get better terms, not fo- the
canvass for names which I am describing to
you, but I start in for 'ads' alone two months
bel'oro the May canvass, and at this I make
f3 and $10 n day; but I havo to promise to
slnv by tho directory peoplo turougn tne
wholo canvass. I stick at tho work lxcause
I liko it, and becauso it pays. When I have
done tho Business Directory and tlio City
Directory of ono city I go to another ami an
other, and so on. In this way I mnko a
round or circuit each year, and Keep busy an
"Tho Now York city canvass has just been
completed this week that Is, nil tho names
aro in; so lot's seo what aro dono with tho
210,000 names' which will bo in tho directory
of this year. Each namo is on a separate slq
of paper. As soon as a man has completed a
district, tho names he has brought in aio
compared with tho names obtained in tiie
samo district lut year. Of course, groat
many changes nro noted in tuis comparison,
Whero a naiuo Is found on last year's cnuvass
that does not npixiar on that of this year, tho
ouestion Ls asked, 'wiryf touch names nr
written on slips in tho olilco nnd marked I)
Each such slip is given ton man, who is sent
to tlio address given last year to ascertain
why tho namo h not turned in this year. It
may Ixj found that the person it belonged to
is dead or has moved away, in which case it
is dropped; or it may be it was missei
through tho neglect of the ennvusser to get i
this vear: or thoso at tho address given may
for some renson havo refused to furnish it to
tlio canvasser. Thcw is a largo flouting ixjpu
lation, such as is to Ikj found ou tho east side,
in tho Bowery lodging houfes and in hotols,
which it is inqxissiblo to keep track of. But
such missing names must bo 'hunted out of
town.' as tho expression is: in other words,
thev must bo accounted for absolutely in
somo way. This operation or proeoduro is
called 'dimtatching,' and is of iniiKirtuuce
"Tho next step is the compilation arrang
ing tho names in alphabetical oilier. I nm nt
work nt this now. it is tne most leuious
work imaginable. It has to bo done with tho
utmost caw, lest n nnmo get so fur out of its
proper place as to bo missed by ono looking
for it, and so WU tho first principle of
merit in a dlwctoiy, positive accuracy; and
vet it Uu to be done with great rapidity
Tliis phut) of tho work ii carried on by relief
gang of men, without intermission, night
nnd day, till completed. These 2-l0.(X)0 slijis
mu then pasted ou stilT imper, and lu sheets
of fifteen or twenty num, or slij, go to tho
compoaitor. llw work completed, tho book
binder puts his art at work, and when ho is
done tho boot is ready. .mjw i one hun.
No; (tittlng Wtdl I'uld 1 UurdeHt
Young Autlior (to editor) Getting a puli
lwlier, I navo huanl, u the most dttflcult thin
lMltor I don't think so.
Author Ah, you oiwourago me. What,
then, Utlw matt difficult!
Hdlwr Getting readers.
A COIN OF LESBOS.
think how long sho held It with a smile
(Her lealous lyre complaining on her breast).
Dust thick on everything, and she, tho while.
Forgetting It and I'haon and the rest.
With those great eyes, that had not longed o yet
To lose their tears In kindred brine, on moi
Fixed on its precious glimmer, "It will get
What will it get?" sho murmured. me
Somo jewel that will more become my head
Than withering leaves of laurel? har, not bo.
At least, I think, somo lovelier robe," she said.
Than any woman weareth that I know I"
So, years ero that deep glass whprcin sho goacd
With ker last look had Hashed It to tho sun.
So mused, I fancy, tho most overpraised
Of women who nave ever sung on cariu savo
-Sarah M. B. Ratt.
AT THE LIMEKILN CLUB.
A 1.1st of Ktilrs ltneoinmended to Mcm-
liers A ltcsdliitlon Adopted.
In view of tho recent disastrous explosions
and conflagrations in different sections of tho
country, the committee on personal safety
and non-injury havo recommended tho fol
lowing rules to members of tlio club:
"Boan' scratch n match on yer leg onless
prepared to jump ober do Highest fence.
"If you know dat a biler um gwino to ex
plode, drap down on do ground an' keep yer
"Any liusson who smokes a clay pipo in bed
should kivtr do bowl wid a pieco of olo boot
leg an' hiw somebody to keep him awake.
'There should, bo no smoking in the vicinity
of tho club wood lx)x. AVood boxes are liablo
to oxnlodo at any moment, an' when dey does
do sceno of ruin an' desolashun am 'null to
appall do stoutest heart.
"Faradiso hall am liablo to take tiro nny
eavenin' when a meetin' nr' in progress. In
case a fire nr diskivered do outer guard
should notify do inner guard. Dis latter
gem'hjn should quietly notify do Keeper of do
lied Uoah. Dis nusson should softly menshun
do fnck to do Keeixjr of do Sacred Helics, an'
ho in turn should enter do lodge room air
place do matter befo' do president.
"Vo recommend dat seben two gniion jugs,
each ono full of water, bo plueed in do aunty-
room as a precauslmn.
"AIo, dat do insurance on de hall Do in
creased to sich n ligger dat, in cao it burns
up an' Samuel Slim, l'ickles Smith nn' Judgo
Chewso nr' consumed wid it, deir loss will bo
"Wo would furder recommend dat do jan
itor lio supplied wid somo sort of hand firo
extinguisher. Wo doan menu anytliin' costly
an' elaborate, wid a picture of Do boto dis
kiverin' do Mississippi river painted on do
side, but simtliin' combinm' utility and
On motion of Givcadnm Jones tho sugges
tions wero adopted, and ho then offered tho
Resolved, Dat dis Limo Kiln club, beliovin'
dat do present styles of hand firo extinguish
ers tir1 too complex nn' hov too much back
ackhun, hereby announce its willingness to
incourngo the inventive genius of do kentry
by oll'erin' do sum of 50 to any pusson who
shall invent a portublo extinguisher liovin1 do
1. Must wake up de folks when a fire breaks
2. Must bo self actin' an' hov no cog wheels
to git out o' order.
o. Must act as a thermometer when deir nr'
4. Must bo cheap, strong nn' simple, wid
nuflln' nbout it to mildew or throw out tho
germs of ynller fever.
On motion of Col. Pompeii Barker tho res
olution was accepted, and tho janitor was or
dered to put all tho matches in Farndiso Hall
into a pail of water every night before leav
ing. Detroit Free Press.
A Hoy's Hnrlng K.ifi-iment.
Some years ago Professor Mason, of New
Haven, Conn., was the lecturer on physiology
and toxicology at that college, and it was' his
custom to illustrate his lectures with experi
ments upon the lower nnimiils. On ono oc
casion, while telling tho students tho effects
of various poisons, lio remarked that the In
dians of South America wero accustomed to
use poisoned arrows to kill their gaino with.
Tho pokon used was known as woorara, and
it could bo taken into tho stomach, ho said,
without injury; but if a single drop of tho
stuff should bo injected into tlio blood fatal
results would at onco follow. To prove his
experiment, ho took a small quantity nnil in
jected it into tho stomach of a dog, which
seemed to cause tho animal no inconvenience.
Then ho injected a drop mow into the veins
of a pigeon. Tho bird died instantly.
The following day ono of the students
asked what would bo the effect if ono of
them should eat the bird. Mason replied
tint lio did not know. Tho boy who was
helping him, now tho United States ns!stnnt
district attorney, volunteered the informa
tion tnt tho pei-son eating tho pigeon would
ha'ftVi good meal, nnd Unit tLat was the only
result likely to follow. Ho said that ho spolco
from experience, as ho had eaten that identi
cal bird. The professor wns astounded, his
hair fairly stood on ond, as ho remarked:
"Well, mv boy, you havo far moro faith in
my experiments than I hnvo myself. I would
not hnvo eaten that bird under nny consider
ation.1' Washington Cor. Indianapolis Jour
nal. 1'iilquo Heeoinlng a Tipple.
An enterprising American has put tho se
ductive pulque whero it can ticklo tho north
ern palate and produce tho effects so well
advertised by tho American ministers resi
dent and envoys extraordinary to tho
Jrenser republic. Who will now givo us n
jimplo of tho "rarefied air" that should ac
ouipany it to throw in the proper tonic re
ndu A friend of mine who owns somo of
;ho largest maguey plantations in Mexico
rave me the straight tip several years ngo on
die pulque business, and until lie takes it back
i ho julep of "old Virginny" is good enough
for inc. If ho is to Ixj lielieved and ho sells
thousands of gallons of tho suff it cannot
bo kept long enough to Iks oxportod, and must
lx consumed in a low days after it is made.
But the head that it puts ou top of tho mot
robust constitution when it gets in its fino
work cannot be equaled this side of tho here
after. Paralysis does not begin t6 iks.cn I hi
tho condition of the patient. If the New
York article is anything like the native pro
duction, it will soon become the fuvorito ti
plo of the numerous tanks you and 1 know,
but won't mention just now. Now York
Talleyrand' llralu In it Sower.
The doctors have omltmod the corpse. In
onler to do this tliey, ufter the manner of the
undent Eg ptiuns, removed tho Ixowels and
brains. This done, after having tiiinsformnl
IYiueo Talleyrand into a mummy and having
iiailed it up in a cotiln, lined with whitositiu,
they weut away, leaving on tho table tho
brain thut bruin which had thought so
much, inspired so many men, coiistnu-ud so
many ambitious edifices, managed two revo
lutions, deceived twenty kings and held tho
world in t-beck. The doctors gone, n servant
entered ami saw what they had loft, Not
know lug that It w as wanted, and regarding
it us a lothamd object, ho gathered it to
gether und threw It into the bower in front of
tho house. From Hugo's "Choacs Vuos."