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About The Oregon scout. (Union, Union County, Or.) 188?-1918 | View Entire Issue (June 18, 1887)
An Epitome of the Principal Events Now
Attracting Public Interest
Jiivailed by Xatlve.
London. Advices from Sierra
Leone s.iy Mint n itive warriors under
their chiefs invaded the British setlle-
linnlo nt sllmrhrM nnt KlltdtVIIS. till-
torturing and killing the native in
habitants and taking COO prisoner?.
On entering British territory the ma
rauders divided into two forces and
tried to capture the French factory at
Suimot.and the English factory on the
Wanow river, both of which were
stored, with valuable merchandise.
Burnet, the English agent, at the head
of native laborers and police, desper
ately resisted the savages, who were
compelled to letire after three at
tempts, leaving many of their num
ber dead. They besieged the station,
however, for four days, when the gun
boat Icarius anived on the scene and
landed a forcoof marines, who quickly
put the savages to flight. Attaches of
the French factory lepulsed the attack
upon them unaided.
The Prize 'Winners.
i AVasiukgtok. the prizes in the
vhationnl drill were distributed by Gen.
P. II. Sheridan as follows:
Company Prizes First, Lomax Ri-
lies, $ 5,000 ; second, Company D, First
Minnesota, $2,500; third, Belknap
Hi flea, of Texas, $1,100; fourth, Na
tional Rifles, of Washington, $1,000;
fifth, San Antonio, Texas, Rifles, $500.
Battalion Prizes First, Washington
Light Infantry, $3,000 ; second, Louis
ville, Ky., Legion, $ 1,500.
Light Artillery Prizes birst, in-
diunan lis Liirht Artillery. $1,500 ; sec-
jinn ill 1 1 ivti 1 1 if I'l. ii.ri.i, rt: iif . .pi. www.
i r" '. i -.... . J;l nnn
Zouave Prizes First, Chicago Zou
aves, $1,000; second, Memphis Mer
Cntoi. Prizes First. Michigan Mili
tary Academy, $1,000; second, Mary
land Agricultural College, $750.
Regimental prize to First Regiment
of Virginia, only competing regiment,
Vttand of colors and silver and bronze
lYiedals to officers.
Machine-gun Prizes First, Battery
A, Ohio, silver trophy, $750 ; second,
.Battery A, Louisville Legion, $700.
A'brick building at St. Louis col
lapsed, fatally injuring several men.
The two Rock Island train robbers
have been sentenced to imprisonment
A boiler explosion at Canon Largo,
N. M.,killed two men and destroyed a
sawmill. lUuny men were injured.
At Dexter, Mo., six persons were
struck by lightning while returning
from piayer meeting, ouo of whom
was msuiuMj hiiiuu.
I The terrible plague of locusts has
'visited the central portion of Spain.
Tho insects are so thick that gangs of
men have- been sent to clear railroad
lines. Crops have been fearfully rav-
At Huntington, West Virginia, the
boiler on the elevator at the foot of
Twentieth street exploded, killing T.
II. Reeee, John Kelly and W. M.
Albertson, and badly injuring five
John B. Fassett and wife, both aged
GO years, were burned to death in their
sawmill at Moretown, Vermont. Mrs.
Fassett's body was found near the
river, while that of her husband was
found in tho ruins of tho mill over
which they lived.
While Samuel G. Heed, a deserter
from the army, was being led from the
guardhouse to undergo trial by court
martial, he broke away from the
i l l 1 rill i
cuanis aim ueu. J no guaras sent, a
Tvolloy after him, and ho fell mortally
history. lie is believed to havo com
mitted half a dozen murders. A fey
yearn ago ho and another deserter
killed a rich Jew named Block, at
Matamoras. The murderers secured
.10,000. Reed comes of a good fam
ily in Montgomery, Ala.
A suit for damages has been insti
tuted under the civil rights bill against
tho Central Railroad, at Atlanta, Ga.
The complainant is a white man, Col.
J. N. Hale, of Henry county, who is
aeirrioved because he is not allowed to
4 rule in tho "Jim Crow" car, as the
coach sot aside for negroes is called.
He" claimed his ticket allowed him to
ride anywhere on tho train. The con
ductor did not take this view of tho
case and had Colonel Halo ejected
from the train, anil for this injury
Halo claims $2,500 damages.
Twenty-five masked men, bolonging
to a band of regulators and known as
"Knights of the Switch," rodo up to
the house of a family named Lynch,
living near Corydon, Indiana, and tak
ring Mrs. Lynch and hor daughter
'Mary into the yard stripped them to
tho skin and whipped them with
switches until they hunted in pain.
Mrs. Lynch was about to become a
j. mother. It is feared sho will dio from
tho ell'ects of the severe whipping.
The women boro a bad reputation.
Tho "Knights" aro tho samo ones who
committed numerous similar outrages
somo months ago.
Polico Captain Williams, of Now
York City, received an infernal nm
chino by express and barely escaped
tho rosulls of an explosion by drop
ping it into a buckot of water, when
tho machinery in it began to work.
Another dynamite machino, intricate
in construction, was given by an un
known man to an expressman in Jer
sey City to deliver to Inspector Byrnes,
but tno cxpresfinin took it to police
headquarters, where it was carefully
oponod without causing an explosion.
Itis not known whothor both machines
camo from tho same source or not.
Everything of General Interest in a
Malheur county starts out $110,000
A band of wild horses roam near
Allister Lobin was killed by falling
down an ore chute at the Connor
It is learned that parties have londod
some claims in Cable Cove, at the head
of Powder river, for $70,000.
The Catholic church in Heppner re
mains in an unfinished condition,
owing probably to lack of funds.
It is estimated tint the wheat crop
of Umatilla county will be diminished
500,000 bushels by wild mustard.
John Roten, of Willow Springs,
Jackson county, who was recently
kicked by a horse, died from his injury.
In tho northern portion of Morrow
county the cut-worms aro doing great
damage to voting timber and fruit i
trees and also to vegetables.
There are twelvo daily papers pub
lished in Oregon, as follows: Port
land 4, Salem 2, Albany, McMinnville,
Corvallis, Pendleton, Astoria and Ba
ker City one.
Operations have been begun in the
quarry at Tongue Point for tho re
moval of 50,000 tons of rock to be
Used in the government improvement
at Fort Stevens.
Mr. W. S. Ladtl, of Portland, has
oflfered to donate $10,000 to the Al
bany College if an additional sum of
$10,000 is raised to make the total en
Enough money was raised at the
dedicatory services of the M. E.
church at Philomath, Benton county,
to pay the indebtedness on the church
and to purchase a bell, carpets and
hymn books, and to build a walk in
front of the church.
A bank of dirt caved on Georgo L.
Todd recently while he was mining on
Jones creek, Jackson county, covering
him so deep that he could not extri
cate himself until the water washed
the dirt away from his body and legs.
He was not much hurt.
The State Superintendent of Public
Instruction, E. B. McElroy, has made
arrangements for holding an institute
of the first judicial district at Grant's
Pass, on July 13, M and 15. This dis
trict comprises Lake, Klamath, Jack
son and Josephine counties.
Governor Pennoyer has appointed
N. L. Butler, of Dallas, judgo of Polk
county, vice Judge Dempsey, resigned
on account of failing eyesight; L. L.
MoArthur, of Portland, to be regent
of the State university to serve for
twelve years; and S. J. Barbour, den
tal examiner, to serve for two years,
vice D. Siddalls, resigned.
The Board of Immigration pub
lishes a list of lands for sale in the va
rious counties of tho State, giving
Lane 28,000 acres, Marion 10,000, Ben
ton' 5(5.000, Clackamas -iS,000, and
Washington 31,000; while it credits
Baker county with only 0,000, Grant
1,250, Crook S50, Gilliam 1,300, Union
3.7S0, Morrow 1,050, and Umatilla
Len D. Smith, of Helix, has per
fected an apparatus by which a person
can let himself down a rope from any
altitude. It is intended as a patent
fire escape and can be mi naged with
ease. It is a sort of box inside of
which is a pear shaped block of wood
aiound which tho ropo slips. The
speed of the slide is regulated by two
handles which operate brakes on the
rope, and the operator can stop or run
the machine at pleasure.
A largo number of the stock raisers
of Wallowa county met in Joseph for
the purpose of organizing a stock as
sociation. The meeting proceeded to
organize by electing the following of li
fers : P. O. Sullivan, president; B.
Thomas, vice president; A. C. Smith,
secretary ; P. S. Courtney and George
Ferguson to act with tho president,
vice president and secretary as an ex
ecutive committee. Already abovo
thirty names have been signed to the
articles of organization, and there is
every prospect that the association
will become a systematic and powerful
factor for tho interests of the law in
Another terrible runaway accident
occurred at Jacksonville, in which
Win. Eaton, street commissioner, was
seriously if not fatally injured. His
team ran away, throwing all tho occu
pants over an embankment and the
wheels passing over Eaton, breaking
his jaw bone and crushing his head.
It was only a few months ago that ho
was thrown from his wagon and had
his leg broken, and was just getting
well, only to meet with this last one.
Tho past few weeks have a largo record
for accidonts and runaways. One
man and a smull boy were kicked by
horsos and died from their injuries, and
at least half a dozen persons havo been
crippled and badly bruised by runa
ways during that timo.
Says tho Bandon Recorder: About
foity Italian coal miners were brought
up by tho stoamer to work in tho Now
port mines. Tho Areata, which is ex
pected Boon, it is thought will bring
up quite a lot more of minors, as it
takes at least 100 to run tho mines.
Tho company notfied tho old minors
sonio days ago to vacate tho houses
occupied by them, which will result in
much hardship to somo who are out of
funds, and particularly will it bo hard
on those widow whoso lato husbands
had gono up to Nanaimo, only to bo in
timo to bo killed in sho explosion
tliere. Tho latter aro entitled to somo
of tho large fund that has boon raised
on tho coast for tho reliof of tho suf
ferers from tho great disaster.
Devoted Principally to Washington
Territory and California.
North Y.ikima, W. T., will build a
$10,000 school house.
County warrants in Lincoln countv.
W. T , are worth !)S cents.
Coinago at the U. S. mint, San Fran
cisco, during May was $1,000,000.
A man named Merrill had his nose
bitten oil', at Bennington, Idaho, by a
N. P. Elerston was drowned in the
Columbia, near Oak Point, W. T.. br
falling from a boit.
The fishing schooner Ounonick has
been lost oil' the Alaskan coast and
seven persons drowned.
Three railroads into tho CuMir
d'Alene are quite probable before the
snows cover the ground again.
In Montana there are at least 500
head of horses quarantined, because
they are all'ected with glanders.
Lewis Cox and wife have sold 7-10.07
acres of land on tho Copper, W. T.,
to Milton Aldrich for $20,310.
Walla Walla is to have a new city
hall, jail, engine house, etc., all com
bined in a fine three-story building.
An accident recently occurred in
the Roslyn (W. T.) coal mines which
resulted in the death of M. P. Welch.
Pasco, W. T., it is claimed, will be
the lay-over place for two train crews
when tho Cascade division is finished.
At Spokane Falls a suspicion grows
that Thomas Fallon, the saloon keeper,
did not commit suicide, but was ni'ur
deied. Tho cowboys of Yancey's ranch on
tho Yellowstone have caught two wild
elk and are breaking them for saddle
Ninety-three prisoners, now in the
penitentiary at Walk Walla, are doing
absolutely nothing to pay for then
support. Lon Leonard, son of Robert H.
Leonard, of Silver City, Idaho, was in
stantly killed by tho accidental dis
charge of a pistol.
Tho attendance at the Sitka, Alaska,
training school is very good just now,
the number of pupils" being 102, 100
of whom are Indians.
Tho winery of Henry Myers, with
1S,000 gallons of wine, was destroyed
by fire. The insurance agent attrib
utes the cause to lightning.
The President has authorized tho
allotment of lands in severalty to tljo
Indians on tho Muckleshot Reserva
tion in Washington Territory.
Tho Northern Pacific is building a
large wharf at Kelso, W. T., so as to
land there with steamboats in case the
water is too high to run the transfer
A nine year old son of Capt. Mc
Coiinell, master of the bark Ruthwell
lying at Martinez, Cal., fell overboard
and was drowned. The body has not
Patrick Wall, section foreman at
Crittenden station, Arizona, fell into
the tank well and was instantly killed,
his neck being broken. He fell a dis
tance of eighty feet.
Spokano Falls is to have an opera
house, to bo built by N. G. Willis. The
building will he of brick, throe stories
high, with stores on the ground floor;
estimated cost, $50,000.
The Chemical National Bank of
New York has sued the notorious Win.
Kissane alias Rogers, of California, to
recover $20,000 on forged notes which
he passed on them thirty-two years
Mrs. John Hopkins, wife of a San
Francisco policeman, was shot in the
head by her husband. Hopkins is
I now in jail and will remain there until
the condition of his wife becomes
either better or worse.
A man named Teller was shot by
his wife on a ranch at Deep Creek
Falls, W. T. There was a little dis
pute over a deed to tho farm, and
Teller confronted his wife with a shot
gun, whereupon tho wife drew a re
volver and shot him, the injuries prov
ing fatal almost immediately. Di
rectly after the catastrophe the wife
gave herself up to tho sheriff.
John Little, a trunk makr, was
drowned at tho foot of Filmoro street,
San Francibco. Ho was fishing from
the foot of tho wharf and, benu sub
ject to fits of dizziness, it is supposed
he foil oil' in ono of these.
An extraordinary accident, which
proved fatal to a man named Samuel
Massoy, occurred near Kennett, Cal.
Ho was engaged in grading a road
along tho nido of a mountain, when a
dog playing on tho hillside abovo him
loosened a stone woighing about
twenty-five pounds, which, falling
over a porpendicular bank, struck
Massey on tho top of his head, crush
ing tho skull.
Tho big Cascade tunnol is now about
half completed. Some trouble is ex
perienced on this sido owing to tho
rock swelling after exposure to tho air.
This swelling has been so groat in in
stances that timbors a foot square havo
been broken in two. When tho tun
nel was 1,300 feet in and at a point
400 feot from tho summit, slabs of
6lato bearing impressions of leaves and
plants wore takon out.
Hugh Currant wag sontonced by a
Sierra county (Cal.) judgo to servo
forty years in the State prison for rob
bing a man of eoventyfivo cents. His
son has been s ntenced to two years
imprisonment for participation in tho
crime. Tho severity of tho old man's
Eontcnco is owing to the fact that ho
led his son into tho sehonio to draw a
man into ambuBh and rob him. They
succeeded in obtaining only seventy
five cents from theirv ictim.
FASHIONS OF THE DAY.
kucffitlnns for 1 ml m Vtho Oeslro to
Wear Xonc Hut Stylish (inrmcnts.
Pattern drosses in vnolons are very
stylish and generally popular and are
in groat variety.
Plain skirts will be the rule the com
ing season, with very long and full
draperies in the overdress.
Colored Brussels net still takes the
place of white niching for neck and
sleeves of dressy cost tunes.
Ib'iring-lM)iii' eainors-liair fabric are
soft and pliable, and in all the desirable
shades, both dark and light.
Gauze sashes with colored ends aro
worn gracefully arranged with a light
evening toilet of China silk.
Hoelloss slippers of scarlet velvet are
the latest for house wear, and offer
great temptations for kicking them off.
Palm leaves form a very elegant and
favorite design in trimming this
season, both in braid and passemen
terie. Several small combs aro worn in the
hair instead of one good sized one,
and they are tucked in apparently at
All the new spring models have tho
effect of being "made-over" costumes,
as they are composed of two distinct
Parisian bu'tnus out-button any but
tons seen here for many a day, and aro
of the most elegant and elaborate de
scription. Skirtings of bayadere stripes aro par
ticularly stylish this season. They
i-oine in beautiful Persian colors, rich
Frisi) stripes, with plain fabric be
tween, are seen in some light shades,
and will lighten a plain cloth suit, very
Tho satin striped gossamer silks are
to be worn by bridesmaids the coining
season, and these silks are found in all
The cotton frise cloths, so very stjd
ish last season, aro to bo seen again
this year among the new goods. Stripes
are very stylish.
Japanese idols and curios of all sorts
aro used for tho ornamenting of um
brellas and dog-whips carried by
"sporty" young ladies.
Silk and wool frise goods, when of
rich quality, are very much used in the
new models for walking dresses for
White wolf skins are in demand for
rugs and mats for the boudoir, which
must now bo as nearly as it. may bo
dressed in virgin white.
Bonnet pins aro growing more and
more elaborate every day, and now aro
sot with real stones of value, such as
diamonds, pilaris and opals.
Geneva point is a lace which will bo
much used the coining season on wash
able dresses, as it. is very durable and
at the same time attractive.
Somo of the tinsel ribbons are of
tawdry effect when seen in the shops,
but make very pretty trimming for
light fabrics, such as ehanibry. Ar. P.
-Villi and Efjr.t,s.
NEW DRESS MATERIALS.
Scotch filiislmins, SuttcriiH, Lawns, Muh
lins, Ti'iinlt Cloth Mint SI 1 Uh.
The cotton dresses being prepared in
advance of tho season for summer wear
are mostly Scotch ginghams, satteens,
lawns and muslins trimmed with em
broidery. The striped ginghams aro
in great favor, primrose and heliotrope
stripes alternating, or else white and
lavender stripes; also two shades of
blue or pink with brown, or lavender,
white and brown, in fact, any combina
tion in stripes can bo had, but. lavender
is one of the predominating ones. Pret
ty whilo ginghams with bars or stripes
of color wide apart are shown; a very
stylish pattern in white with brown
bars, open-striped Hamburg is in stock.
Velvet is used for their trimming,
forming round shawl collars, and also
deep close-lilting cuffs. Plaid and
striped satteens are used for tho skirt
and drapory, while tho basque is of
plain satteon. This is pretty in helio
trope grounds with pompadour de
signs, or in pale gray, or China blue,
with llower designs for tho skirt, and a
plain bluo or gray basque. Dark blue
and brown remain favorite colors in
those dressy cottons. A very popular
satteon is a pretty shado of blue, neither
dark nor very light, hut a very hand
some shade of blue with rose pink
rings all over it. Tho satteens aro
mostly dark ground work, with light
designs whatever the pattern loaves,
bunch of roses, buds, carnations, etc.
If tho ground work is dark tho pattern
is light, oithor in two shado or more.
Tennis cloth is a new Scotch mate
rial of fine wool, with enough cotton
added to keep it from shrinking, yet it
is soft, pliant, exceedingly llglit, and
comos in all the pretty stripes and new
colors of tho Scotch ginghams.
Printed challi dresses of lino wool
are to ho worn this spring and summer.
The cream grounds with gay figures
aro mudo with velvet collar, rovers
and a border of the velvot on the lower
skirt just showing under tho long over
skirt. The newest velvets conio in
plaids or stripes; the plaids aro Scotch
plaids and consequently havo many
colors composing thoin, all harmoniz
ing nicely. Gray will ho very fashion
able tho coming soason, as all tho now
goods, oven calicoes, como in gray and
drab. Whito drosses will ho worn;
they aro mado of nainsook, Victoria
lawn, plquo, nun's vailng, canvas cloth
and boiirotto wool.
Summer silks nro tho Indian silks in
colored figures on palo grounds or on
whito, or else they aro In solid colors,
such as porcelain blue, primro3o pink,
or soarlot, with valve t of a darker
shade or in contrast for trimming.
Detroit Free J'ross.
Scientists say an average oyBtor
yields ton million heirs.
THE BUSY MOTH.
An Instructive Hit or .Niiturnl History It fa
inting to tin- Itiire Old lllril.
You will find a great deal of aluable
information about the moth in books;
ou will loam that ho possesses inven
tive talents of a high order, and jaws
which closely resemble a pair of scis
sors. But a full realization of the
creature's ingenuity can only be had
by intimate personal acquaintance.
Tho moth is not an intelligent-looking
bird. On the contrary, io has a
receding brow and chin, a wholly un
intclloetual cast of countenance a
sort of You-hnvo-wnked-tno-too-soon-lot-ino-sluinber-again
look. Hut if you
tuck the bod-elothos under his chin
and go off on tip-too in order that ho
may slumber again, you will ore long
tint! yourself a victim of misplaced
confidence, llis unprepossessing feat
ures, and his habitually weary look are
wise provisions of nature to enable
him to successfully impose upon the
If ho possessed a massive forehead,
largo, soulful eyes, 'noath finely pen
ciled brows, delicately chiseled feat
ures, and a clear, ringing laugh, in
connection with his scissor-like jaws,
and his wild, eager longing to devour
expensive storo-olothos, men would bo
on their guard against him. Or, if he
were of tho size of a dog or a rabbit,
or oven of a kitten, ho could bo chased
out of the house or shot, at sight. But
he is so small that ho can hide himself
anil his whole family under a button;
or, if ho feels like it, can lie on the lap
hA of your coat anil smile tip into your
face, and you will think hint a speck of
dust, if you see him at all.
Tho moth and the tailor aro bound
by some mystic tie. tho precise nature
of which has never boon made public.
Hut that it exists is beyond question.
The two are constantly playing into
each other's hands. Tho tailor does
(ill in his power to further tho sale of
tho particular goods to which the moth
is most partial; and the moth, in his
turn, loses no opportunity to serve tho
tailor, as I shall show. Speak to your
tailor about this, and ho will affect, to
regard it as a pleasantry. Ho will
evince a marked disinclination to con
verso on tliOi subject. Question him
closely, and he will indulge in evasive
repartee or become angry. Nor can
you gain any information from tho
Let us study the ways of this eccen
tric and ingenious fowl. You tiro going
to the country. Your wife gets out all
vour winter clothes, and all hers, and
all the children's, and has them hung
on the line in tho backyard, remarking
that, sho is so glad those Simpsons aro
not at homo to see them and make re
marks about them. 'Then she sends
tho chambermaid out with a stick to
beat. them. Sho works' until her hand
is blistered, and until she has burst two
of the seams in your dress coat, and
knocked most of the stuffing out of
your best overcoat. Then your wife
tolls you to go round to the drug store
and ask the proprietor to send her
some thing that ho can recommend as
a sure preventive of the inroads of
At this tho moths in the garments
you have boon thumping you don't,
see the creatures, but they are there all
tho same oxehange glances and smile
You go to tho druggist, and if he
doesn't happen to put up a preparation
of his own for the purpose, lie tolls von
that there is nothing that, will strike
terror to the soul of a moth like cam
phor, just, plain, simple, every day
gunk-camphor, i on buy four pounds,
and trip lightly homeward with. Your
wife rejoices greatly at the good tidings
of groat joy which you bring.
The clothes are all carefully folded
and lumps of camphor the size of co-
eoanuts distributed among them. I hen
they are wrapped in newspapers, for
there is a quaint old legend which says
that moths will havo nothing to do
with those publications; that they hate
them with as deadly a hatred as that
of n nitieh-eriticiscd tragedian, or a man
whose little autobiographical "person
al" referring to him as "our genial and
whole-souled friend," has boon refused
insertion. This fa bio is still believed
by most people.
You put away your camphorated
clothes. There is ono worthless old
coat that you leave lying on a chrdr,
You go to the country, cast aside dull
caro, and abandon yoursolf to enjoy
ment, skiui-milk and salt-pork.
When you return, two months later,
you examine vour winter garments
When you undo the packages the smell
of camphor is so strong that it nearly
knocks you down. Aro there any
moths to be seenP Woll, yes, a few
About two thousand of assorted sizes
on each garment. All summer long
they have boon indulging in broad
cloth J'ricuuduau and dou-skin a la AV
jxtijnol, and similar luxuries. Havo
they eaten where it will not show? No;
thoy havo studiously avoided all such
places. Hut they havo assimilated tho
greater part of both lapols of your
dres-coat and nearly all tho front of
your eighly-iivo dollar overcoat.
And tho old coat on tho chair havo
thoy injured it muoh? No, thoy have
not even glanced at it
As tho )Mot sings: "A r'aro old bird
is tho festive moth." 7''. A. Steams,
Mr. Sam Bass, of Ward, Ark.,
thinks that he has a small fort u no in a
colt recently foaled on his farm, with
out any forelegs. Otherwise tho
little fellow is perfect, and Mr. Bass
thinks that ho will soon begin to walk
on his two legs, llko any other biped.
Already tho owner has takon many
quarters for a sight at tho colt, ami has
refused ouo hundred dollars for him.
N. Y. Sun.
SWORDS AND BAYONETS
The Severe Test to Which Those Intended
for the (lerinnn Army Are Stuhjected.
The follow ing information respecting
the manufacture and testing of tho
weapons supplied to the German army
reaches mo from a high authority. As
a general rule all the army swords, sa
bers and bavonots are made m Govern
ment factories. When, however, large
numbers are required in a hurry, con
tracts are entered into with great man
ufacturers at Solingcn and elsewhere.
In those cases spocinl provision is made
in each contract, enabling Government
experts and scientific officers to enter
the factories at all times in order to re
port upon the quality of the material
mil workmanship employed ir. carry
ing out the Government onion. Even"
weapon, whether manufactured Ay state
or private industry, is tested before it
receives the Government stamp, which
is only intrusted to army officers, each
one of whom is hold personally respon
sible for the proper testing of the weap
ons impressed by his stamp. With re
spect to swords and sabers the testing
process is the following: Ihe blades
are brought in unmounted, examined
for length and thickness, then bent ac
cording to certain fixed rules; two heavy
rijrht and left outs are then struck at a
wooden block with tho edge, and two
blows with the Hat of each blade. Hav
ing passed these tests the blades are
stamped and laid aside to be mounted
and finished. When mounted thoy aro
again tested for solidity of connection
between blade and hilt. The testing of
bayonets is equally severe and exhaust
ive. No inferior material or defective
workmanship escapes the cognizance of
the inspecting otlicors, who are special
ly chosen by the Ministry of War for
their knowledge of all the physical and
technical details connected with the
material and fabrication of steel weap
ons. The rejected blades and bayonets are
generally sold by the manufacturers to
retail linns or to Governments which do
not adopt precautionary measures for
inspeotingarins. Most.of these weapons
aro sent abroad. Tho swords, etc., man
ufactured in German Government shops
are paid for singly to each workman on
delivery, after having boon tested and
found perfect. I hose rejected are not
paid for. This system compels the
workmen to be careful, alid results in
the production of a very high percent
age of faultless weapons. 1 need scarce
ly add that none aro passed which, to
the minutest detail, do not fulfil the re
quirements of the Government stand-
ird. Hcrlm Cor. London lelcgraph.
KEYS OF THE BASTILE.
Discovery of 1'lvc I'rcclntiH ItellcN In the.
City or St. I.iiiiIm.
About seven or eight years ago I saw
a statement in the Toronto Mail to the
effect that the keys of tho celebrated
llastllo of Paris, which was destroyed
in 1781), wore in the possession of a St.
Louis locksmith, he having bought
them from a French emigrant named
Lechastol. It appears that when the
great prison fortress fell, the Governor,
the old Marquess tie Launay, was
dragged out into the street, his head
out. off and stuck on a pike; ono Le
chastol secured the koj's, which were
carried aloft through tho streets.
Those keys remained in this man's
family until lS.V.t, when a doseemlant
of his camo out to America and found
himself in very reduced circumstances
in this city, (St. Louis), whero ho sold
the (dd relics to Mr. John Hamilton,
the locksmith mentioned above. I had
often wished to eominimicate with him
and learn more about these curiosities,
but until to-day I could never find his
address, and even here 1 had the great
est difficulty in tracing him up. At
last I found the "keeper of the keys,"
an intelligent old gentleman, who gave
mo all tho information 1 wanted on
tho subject, and who eventually ac
cepted the offer I made him to purchase
tho keys for myself. Here they are,
live in number, the largest looking
rusty and old enough to havo been
tisi'd by Ungues Aubriot, tho Provost of
Paris, who built the Bastilo in 11)01.
It is nearly twelve inches long and
very heavy. Tho smallest key is of
lino workmanship, the pivot holo is
shaped like tho aco of clubs or sham
rock, and is supposed to have belonged
to the treastiro-rooni, for Henry IV.
kept his valuables in tho Bastilo. La
fayette secured tho key of the main en
trance to tho Bastilo the Porto St.
Antoiiio and sent it to Washington,
ami it is now to bo scon atMt. Vernon.
Tho others, which holongod to the in
terior part of tho prison, were snatehed
up by this Carwin Lechastol, and hold
by him as stated; and for tho third
timo they havo changed hands to.day.
Cor. Kotna and Queries.
During the month of May and early
in June, before tho corn has grown
beyond tholr injury, crows do or may
do a groat deal of damage. Tho rust
of tho year thoy do little harm. In
early spring thoy soarch for orysolids
and worms, and aro particularly fond
of mieo; later, when whito grubs and
cutworms come, thoy aro indefatiga
ble, and so thoy keep up all summer.
Thoy aro fond of grain of all kinds,
and, when thoy can do so, will help
themselves. If a crow is caught in a
trap in a eorn-llold of, say ton or fifteen
acres in extent, and whilo still allvo is
fastened so that its screams will attract
a llock of its follows, that field will hu
secure against tho visitation of crows,
either for servlco or for damage"
throughout tho soason. -r-AmcricM
In Arizoiyi fo sling United States
with neatness and ilNpatoh" moans to
talk with some regard for grammatical