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About The Oregon scout. (Union, Union County, Or.) 188?-1918 | View Entire Issue (June 4, 1887)
A CIRCUS NOVELTY.
ttrxcrlptlnn of tlw Aininlnc Kntortnln
mrntu nirrn t the cr Circuit In I'urU
Tho new circus is a most rcninrka
blc novclly. It combines gymnastics
ami aquatics. It exhibits both riding
and swlninilnir. It is the lioinc of tho
iiicriiinn us well as of tho centaur. In
appoarniiec tho new circus is like nioi
other circuses. Tlio spectator takes
Ins seat on one of tho furies of ci: cling
lionchcs which arise from tho ring to
tho other walls of the building. Tho
tfnly peculiarity to attract immediate
attention is tho huge cocoa mat which
covers the nut: in plaeo of tho usual
tan bark. Tho programme- is divide
Into three p'arts, ami of these the first
two aro not unlike those in other at
ousos. There is a dor acrobat which
turns somersaults, and rolls a banc!
nniLstnnds on his fore-legs on a sword
nnduhams dead. There is a clown who
exhibits a performing nig, which is rid
den by a monkey, and which jumps over
hurdles and through a paper hoop.
Then! is another clown, on whoso par
ti-colored dress vou note the arms of
Great Kritaiu and the United States,
A great many of the circus performers
one sees in Europe aro Americans, and
tho clowns always speak J-mglish.
There is a group of performing ele
phants, the youngest of which wears a
clown's hat. There is an acrobat who
hangs by his heels. There are tiger
horses, exhibited by M. Loval might;
l'oreheron heroes. straiiircly spotted
und striped. There is the usual assort
nieiit of riders, doing tho pad act and
tho bare-b.ick act and the viancyc act.
After all these have been seen, the
rinir ih cleared. The Inure cocoa mat
is rolled into a long cylinder, and
queer four-wheeled truck is drawn into
th ring, astraddle of the rolled mat,
which is then strapped to the truck.
All hands then pull away the truck and
its load through the entrance door and
out of siuht. Thus the bare boards of
the ring are exposed to view, and they
an! seen to be pierced with numberless
holes. An enormous glass globe con
tabling a powerful electric light is next
placed in tho center of the ring, which
is then cleared, and its low doors are
closed. The interested spectator.
watching all these preparations, next
hears u sound of inachincrv, and sees
tho hoards of the ring tremble a little,
and then berin to descend. There is a
MHind of pouring water, and wntot
streams up through every hole in the
Mooring. In less than a minute the
Hat ring lias Ijeeii changed to a deep
tank, thi water of which is lighted and
ln.ido transparent by the large electric
lamp, now descended to the bottom.
This sudden transformation is ellccled
by ingenious n aehin ry, which pulls
down into the swimming tank the
franie-work of tho tlooriugof the ring.
Within the water there is suddenly
to bo seen a swimming ligurc, and then
another and another and another be
comes visible, until there are half
doion who have most mysteriously ap
peared. While the transformation is
taking place the swimmers are in the
water just I'utsido of the ring and tin
alor the audience. As soon as the lloor
of tho ring lias sunk to the bottom of
the tank, the swimmers, one after an
other, d ve under the cross braces and
reveal themselves in the tank. It was
J'rof. Johnson and his seven daughter"
an Knglish. family - who gave the
aquatic entertainment on the et ching
I spent at the New Circus. A large
mattress was placed ill the center of
tho tank, and a spring-hoard at one
of tho entrain es, The gymnasts turn
ed somersaults from the spring-hoard
tried to land t their feet on the mat
tress, whence they might walk ashore
dry-shod over the plank. Failing to
reach the mat tress, they were ducked
in the pond. It is easy to imagine what
fun the clowns make out of their aquatic
misadventures and misfortunes. Ar
thur A in, in liarpcri Yonmj I'coptc.
THE SHEPHERD DOG.
KindncHw anil I'litlciice till" I'rliiclplr Itult'H
lor llli Training.
Train the pup from the the time lie is
one month old; train him to know what
jou want him to do, by kindness; show
him what you want done, and then
Jdndly but lirmly keep him at Ids task
until he has learned it. Fondle and
pet him for duty well performed and
the next time he wid do it with greater
alacrity and plcasiitc. Talk to him ,tf
you won d to a child and you will be
surprised to note how well he under
stands you. A few lessons will serve
to teach him from your manner tho
dilleroneo between rigid and left; "go"
and "coine;" and "walk;" "quick"
and ".slow." If your pup is intelligent,
it will take only a short time to teach
him the above lessons. I have seen pups
lx weeks old keep stock from coining
through an open gate. The shepherd pup
is much like a child; he is a great imi
tator. 1 know a pup six months old
that can tell as well as his master if his
fourteen cows are In the lot at milking
time. The owner of this pup told mo
that one evening when lie supposed tho
cows were all in tho pup caught tho
gate which ho was closing and pulled it
open and thou sturtt;ib on a run and
brought in another cow that had not
been missed. Didn't that pup know
thirteen trout fourteen? Don't abuse
your dog. (Slvo lite most intelligent
pup on earth to a coarse, brutal master,
and 1 guarantee ho will turn out a
worthless cur. Kindness to animals is
as much a duty us kindness to our fol
Jow men. It is as natural for a well
bred, intelligent Scotch shepherd dog
to work as to eat, and the only rules
or bis training aro to bo kind, patient
iind faithful in your instruction.
Tim man who never committed a
folly never appreciated wisdom. IITu'fc
THE HUMAN HAND.
A Nlre I.tt tin Lecture for ltoyn ami fJIrM
Hml Hnnin Old Folk, Too.
Young people have a great deal of
trouble with their hands, and commit
many faults wit.li them. When they go
upon tho platform to speak a piece,
they know not what to do witli those
troub esomc and superfluous append
ages, unless some good teacher of elo
cution lias told them; and then it is
hard to obey his injunction to "let
Just to let them hang quietly and
naturally by the side most of the time,
is very dilliciilt for a tyro. A boy's im
pul e is, to get hold of Ids coat, funiblo
with Ids watch-chain, or make gestures
which add no force tohis words. An
old teacher of elocution lias given this
excellent rule: ' When your hands
have nothing to do, do nothing will
them; let them hang."
Some boys, yes, and some girls, too,
have a world of trouble in keeping
their hands clean. Probably, on this
very day, in tho United States, one hun
dred thousand mothers have spoken
words like tljese, in various to cs:
"Johnny, what dreadful hands to coma
to the table with! (io and wasli them,
sir, at once!" Johnny gazes ruefully
at what his elder sister calls ids "hor
rid paws," and wonders how tliey could
have acquired their dismal hue. It
is a mvstery. Ho started clean in
the morning; at least, lie thought lie
did, anil ho lias only been to school.
Yet look at his hands! Rlaek as r
harcoal dealer's, with nails fcar'ul o
behold. Many boys wonder, naturally
enough, how grown people keep their
hands cle.in all day without taking
milch trouble about it. Roys handle
every thing, whether clean or dirty.
Did half of them do not know how to
wash their hands, or how to wipe them
dry. Hands well-washed and perfectly
dried will keopclcan four times as long
as hands half-washed and half-dried.
Nails, too, are much more easily kept
in good order if they are attended to
frequently and with care and thorou li
nos. Many, indeed, are tho faults of tho
hands. One of the worst is pointing the
linger of scorn at the faults of other
Kiting the thumb was the Italian
method of expressing contempt in the
days of Koineo and Juliet, the tragedy
of whose lives lie-ran with their servants
biting til 'ir thumbs at one another. It
is with the hands that liovs pinch,
scratch, light and steal. Hamlet called
Ins hands "pickers and stealer.
Hut, then, what beautiful and won
derful things the hum. m hand can do!
what lovely pictures it can paint; what
'iichanting niiisie it can play; what vnl
ant deeds it can do; what kind acts it
'an perforin! Host of all, it can lift up
the fallen, and welcome back to hope
mil new effort tho ropentcut wanderer
from the path of recitude. We said tho
other week, that knowing teachers
often judge of tho quality of their pu
pils by looking at their mouths. Hut
th(! hands, too, have a tale to tell and
sometimes they tell very plainly.
SMUT IN CORN.
ItH I'rrvi'iitlmi ICIVcclcil liy Simltlnir llib
SiimI In it Copper Niilphutii Solution.
Smut in corn is fast becoming a pre
vailing evil, injuring the crops and
poisoning the todder and the cattle
which consume it. its nature is worth
study, so that some remedy can bo
found for it. It is a pure parasitic dis
ease, no d.uibt, which all'i ets every part
of the plant and is as liable to infect
the seed and the soil as the plant itself,
hi fact the evidence goes to show that
every part of the plant is infected for
the outburst of the seed of the fungus
appears in every part, the roots, stem,
leaves, (lowers and seed being all more
or less all'eeled. Tho soil can not
help bill be infected by the
large quantity of smut left upon
in the debris of the crop
and that brought by the winds and
washed down by the rains from tho air
in which it floats. The smut of corn is
precisely like that of wheat or oats in
prominent characteristics and dif
rs front the latter in some invisible
points only, and tho means for evading
this which are used with etiect with tho
mailer grains may be used equally
with corn. Wo have lvecu experiment
ing with corn smut for some years ami
have found the soaking of seed in a
solution of sulphate of copper or one of
hlorhle of potash the common muri
ate of pota bused as a fertilizer has
the same ellect ut preventing smut in
the crop as it has witli wheat and oats.
A'. Y. Times.
How inconsistent most persons aic!
on shoot oil' a inin, a brand-now ouo
possibly, ami you aro uireaionoii with
instant annihilation, hut the .same man
who thus objects will spend a dollar
and a half and three hours at the
theater listening to tho most archaic of
word-twisting, laugh uproariously at
every pun, and next day retail all ho
can lvmcmhcr to Ids trleuds and ac
quaintances. As Colonel Ingersoll
once remarked, there's something
wrong somewhere. I'MhulefjiIiia I'ress.
John Monroe, a young man Hying
with his widowed sister, Mrs. W. It.
Citveii, in tlio northern part of Georgia,
found tho other day $ 1, ISO in gold
buried in tho cellar, money that wrs
laid away ami lost during tlio war, over
twenty years ago, by Mrs. Green's hus
band. Monroe was moved merely by
impulse to dig in the collar.
Mrs. Cignavali, the woman who
murdered her husband lit New York in
order that she might marry another
man, practiced two weeks under the
Instructions of bur lover in order that
tlio might make sure of hor nini when
tho time ooinw, A. 1'. Sun.
Tlio Three I'rtnripitl I'rrlmU tit t'.ie (Irrat
HI it tram n it' 1,1 fr.
Wo shall seo in tlio course of the
present work how the life of Abraham
Lincoln divides itself into three princi
pal periods, with corresponding stages
f his intellectual development ; t ho lirst,
of about forty years, ending witli his
term in Congress; the second, of about
ten years, concluding with his final
campaign of political speech-making in
New York and New Kngland, shortly
before the Presidential nominations of
18G0; and tlio last of about live years,
terminating at his death. We have
thus far traced his career through the
.Irst period of forty years. In the sev
eral stages of frontier experience
through which ho had passed, and
which in the main but repeated the
trials and vicissitudes of thousands
of other boys and youths in
the West, only so much individuality
had been developed in him as brought
him into tliu leading class of his eon
temporaries. He had risen from
laborer to student, from clerk to law
yer, from politician to legislator.
That ho had lifted himself by
healthy ambition and unaided in
dustry out of tho station of a farm
hand, whose routine life begins and
ends in a back-woods log-cabin, to that
representative character and authority
which seated him in the National Cap
itol to aid in framing laws for his coun
try, was already B an achievement
that may well be hold honorably to
crown a career of fortj years.
Such achievement and such distinc
tion, however, were not so uncommon
as to appear phenomenal. Hundreds
of other boys, born in log-cabins, had
won similar elevation in tho many,
practical schools of Western public life.
Kven in ordinary times there still re
mained within tiie reach of average in
tellects several higher grades of public
service. It is quite probable that the
superior talents of Lincoln would have
made him fJovernorof Illinois or given
him a term in the United States Senate.
Hut the story of his life would not have
commanded, as it now doits, the nu
ll ageing attention of postoriiy had
there not fallen upon Ids generation
tlio usual conditions and opportunities
brought about by a series of re
markable convulsions in National poli
tics. If we would correctly understand
how Lincoln became, lirst conspicu
ous actor, and then a chosen leader, in
a great strife of National parties for
supremacy and power, we must briefly
stud)- the origin and development of
tho great slavery controversy in Amer
ican legislation which found its high
est activity and decisive culmination in
tlio single decade from 1S"0 to 1800.
Wo should greatly err, however, if we
attributed the new events in Lincoln's
career to the caprice of fortune. The
conditions and opportunities of which
wo speak were broadly National, and
open to all without restriction of rank
or locality. Many of his contempora
ries had seemingly overshadowing ad
vantages, by prominence and training,
to seize and appropriate them to their
own advancement. It is precisely this
careful study of tho times which shows
us by what inevitable process of se
lection honors and labors of which lie
did not dream fell upon him; how, in
deed, it was not the individual who
gained the prize, but the paramount
duty willed claimed the man. -.YiVoa
(tint Hay, in Cvntitn.
Tin- OlmtriilliH4 of Ouo Wh'i I.oiiUh at tlm
Worlil ivltli Kxpurlnitceil llyet.
I doaii' belief half 1 hear unless it
vitas scandal. Djii 1 belief it all, and
iJiT fact dot our neigdhor can hat a
now coat while we haf to wear our old
one vlias blcnty oveiise to hate him.
Vhon a young man who vlias oudt of
work and money und in rags comes to
you for help, tell him "do re vlias room
at dor top." It vlias good advice und
If somebody robs mo of two cents 1
vhant him arrested for dor principle of
it. Dor shnialler tier sunt tier more 1
stick tor principle, ton can huv a
whole car-load of it for a cent.
Vhon a man begins to pelief dot he
owns dor earth, it vims time to put him
up for candidate for constable and lot
him seo how few admirers ho has.
Vhon 1 meet a man who hungers to
reform tier human race, I took notis
dot ho vitas somebody who viias tired
of honest labor, or ho vhas seart out of
a wicked career by dor police.
Vhon I goes into a grocery and sees
dor sign dot honesty vhas dor best
policy, l doan' buy some colVco dero.
It vhas sure to bo half chicory.
If wo lose a dollar on dor shtreot wo
vhas mailt pecauso tier finder vhas not
i honest enough to return it. If we hud
i life dollar we feel dot dor owner ought
I to lose it for his carelessness.
I If you gif somepotly advice find out
first how he b"lievos, und don inako
, your advice to agree with it. Dor man
I whoso advice doan' tally mit our
opinions vitas no good.
1 doan' shudgo a Christian man hy
dor length of his prayers or tier loud
ness of his song. Dor question vluts if
lie pays his debts und keeps his lions
mit his own yard. . ,
If we vhas in tier coal peosnoss und
giving eighteen hoouerod pounds for a
ton, wo keep alt eye on dor wood man
dot ho gifs full measure mit Ids wood.
If 1 vhas a good man 1 like to half
dor fact kept off my tombstone. Dor
graveyard critic gifs nopoby credit.
Anticipation vhas a bigdiunor which
wo eat up und shtill fuel hungry all
Stettin pipos, hy a local ordinance,
must be kept at a dbtunou of threu
hobos from any woodwork, in San
T WONDERFUL TOWERS
Somr of thr Mont Itfinnrknlito Strnrturn
of the Kind In the World.
The ancient city of Pisa, Italy, is fa
mous for its lofty and magnificent
structures, some of which have very in
. cresting stories. None of them, how
ever, is so wonderful as tho celebrated
leaning tower. This building wag
commenced in 1174 by a Pisan archi
tect, named Honanna, by William of
Iunspruek. It is of cylindrical form,
one hundred and seventy-iiliro feet
high, fifty feet in diameter, and loans
twelve feet nine inches from tlio per
pendicular. It consists of eight stories,
each of which lias an outside gallery
projecting from it. From the summit,
which is readied by several hundred
stops, a beautiful and extensive view
may he had of the surrounding coun
try. The misconstruction was discov
ered before the tower was finished, and
tho upper tiers were so shaped as to
partly counteract the arcutation. At
the top of the tower seven immense
helix were so placed, as by thole
weight, to counterbalance tho loaning
of the tower.
The highest tower in the world is at
Cremona, in Northern Italy; it-is three
hundred and ninety-six feet high. It
was begun in 1223, and tho bells which
are in it were east in 158. An astro
nomical clock, m:ttlc in the, year lo'Jl,
is placed in the third story.
Ihe Moreutme campanile was com
menced in lliiil, hy diotto, tde great
painter, architect and scu'ptor. He
commenced the erection ol the tower
with the determination to surpass all
the ancient .structure, of this kind, both
in height and in ri(4iness of design.
Hut t'liolto, having died in 133G, the
tower was completed hv laddeo (,addi.
Its height is two hundred and seventy-
six feet, and it isdivided into four tiers.
It is of equal dimensions from bottom
to to, and is built on the Italian Ooth
ic style. On the basement lloor there
are two rows of tablets in relief: they
are the work ol tiiotto. J here are also
many beautiful statues on the upper
tier. It was the original design of
Giotto to have a spite surmount the
present tower, and the columns which
were to support it may still be seen on
the top of the building.
Ihe famous tower known as drama-.
is situated at hevillc, tspain. I Ins tower
when originally I uilt by Phillip fSuo-
vam, the iWoor, was only two hunilrcii
and fifty feet high. Hut in lftllS a niag-
lrlicent belfry one hundred feet high
was added, and it is now the seen d
highest in the world.
The campanile was called Ciralda,
because of the brazen weathercock 'in
its top story. Although the figure
weighs a ton and a half, it is easily
turned by the wind. It is said that a
very fine campanile was situated at
Salisbury, Kngland. It is supposed to
have been two hundred feet high, and
was probably destroyed by Sir Thomas
Wyatt, the younger, while leading an
insurrectionary mob. l.ouinritlc (A'.)
"See here, Jones, I want to talk to
you it moment," said an Austin philan
thropist; don't you know you are not
doing vour duty by your children in not
sending them to school? That's not
the wav a fond father should treat his
Well, now. I don't know about that."
replied Jones. '-I don't believe you
fully realize what you tire talking about.
Now, I have a brother whose oldest son
was scut up for two years for horse
stealing, anil the judge, in sentencing
liiiq, said that his ignorance and lack of
early education were strong mitigating
circumstances in the case; and instead
of niakingtlie sentence ten years, which
he would have done had the boy never
received any education, lie would only
make it two. Now, do you suppose! I
am going to rob my boys of those miti
gating circumstances that have alteady
been such a bonanza in the family?
No. sir; before I do, I hope my right
arm will cleave to tho roof of my
mouth!" Teras fiij'UiHj.
Toothsome Boiled Bread.
A writer in a housekeeping journal
allinns that bread can be boiled instead
of baking it and with far less heat of the
range. The new method consists
mainly in steaming the dough instead
of cooking it in tho oven. It is claimed
that this is a great invention, as it
.stives the time and experience neces
sary to get tlio oven to the right heat
for baking, which lias always proved
tlto great obstacle to baking at home.
The utensils required aro simply those:
First a tin mould, or canip-kettlo, it
which the dough is placed after it lias
been mixed with the usual ingredients
water, jeat, sugar and suit and
secondly, a larger tin saucepan, into
which the mould tits. The watf r in' the
outer saucepan is allow ed to boil around
tlio tin mould for two or three hours,
tho litis of both utensils being kept
closely down and at the end of that
time tlio loaf may bo tinned out. It
will bo found firm, solid and palatable,
witli all the qualities of gotal bread.
V. Y. W'vrM.
The Presbyterian General Assem
bly, of Kngland, have forwarded a pe
tition to Queen Victoria praving for
protection to their mission work in the
New Hebrides. It is pointed out that
the missionaries have been successful
in civilizing a large portion of tlio peo
ple of tho New Hebrides. Nearly
X'ISO.000 has been expended in carry
ing on tho work, iu which sixteen mis
sionaries anil over one hundred native
teachers and evangelists are engaged.
The mission has mado 0,000 converts
to Christianity whilo fiO.000 tmtivos had
been more or loss u ilized.
A l'rontnlilf Hut Kvcr-tllncly .'MnIoiloron
Intliiatry nf Situtii Hurbnry.
Four hundred tons of fish have found
their way to foreign markets from this
port in twenty mouths. This large ox
port has been supplemented by the
shipment of many tons of seaweed.
This industry give employment to
many men. and requires a schooner in
constant service to transport fishermen,
seines, provisions, ami the various
paraphernalia necessary to insure a
catch, as well as to perform the very
important part of bringing in the haul.
The fishing is carried on till along the
coast, from San Luis Obispo to San
Diego, but the headquarters of the
fish-drying institution are hero at Santa
Harbara; and it is here tlio drying
operations are conducted.
A reporter strolling toward the bench
on Chapala street, in search of prehistor
ic tumult, a runaway, a ehuckhole, a no-
table arrival any tiling, in fact
to make tin item was guided
unerring instinct and a very
odor to a barnlike structure at the end
of that thoroughfare. This weather-
stained building is t ho home, office of the
industry which for two long years litis
addled the atmosphere of the neighbor
hood, curdled tho circumambient air,
and stagnated Mission creek as it
trickled musically on to the moonlit
cstero. Forcing a passage through the
odor of decayed fish, Ihe rep trier ac
costed it veii"rable China man whose
name is One Lung Gone. All of Mr.
Gone's teeth were indeed gone, with
the exception of live time-worn stumps,
but that custodian of the drying es
tablishment certainly travels under a
misnomer in so far as his lung are
brought into question. The gentle
man made up in courtesy what he
hicl'cd in molars, aiid extended
hospitality of the institution in
smoothest ot pigeon English.
Arranged with great regtlrd for econ
omy of space are six large tanks or
vats, four holding probably a ton of
fisli apiece and two of three times that
capacity. A chimney of brick is built
uj) from the fireplace, upon which hat
ter structure is arranged places foi
large .boilers. A small room parti
tioned oil' for sleeping bunks and ti
small loan-to roof hoarded in for
ti work-room completed the in
door arrangements of this establish
ment. The process for curing the fish
is ti very simple one. Upon being dis
embarked from the sfJiooner they tire
split open, cleaned and laid out to dry.
After a suitable time they are packed
away in the vats in layers of salt, and
when sufficiently, cured are bound up
into bundles in matting, and are then
ready for shipment.
Tins varieties iu most favor are a
species of codfish, harracud.i and dog
fish. The latter is now the kind most plen
tiful, and long row's of them lay upon the
frame, smiling, with a ghastly display
of teeth, in the warm sun. The fish
when cured are worth about 70 per
ton, the four hundred tons cured dur
ing thy last two years representing
some Sis, 000. Forty tons of fish have
been lost iu the curing, and these are
those which made Home howl, or rather
mado t lit adjoining residents wish they
were dead or that the fish were not.
I'he lisli of the largo teeth, called hv
he Chinamen dogfish, are obtained be
low S.in Diego, the fishing operations
oeing carried mi many miles south of
(hat point. Harracuda. in season, are
of course obtained in great numbers in
this channel. Most peculiar, however,
is t bet ratio in sea moss. Thiseoinmodity
s piled up in huge bales against the
lire-place to dry. and there must be
now on hand in the establishment sev
eral tons ready for coiiMgnniont to the
Chinese merchants in San Francisco
and to the markets of China. The
.noss is of ti beajit f til lavender tint,
and is always conspicuous in albums
ami sea-moss designs oh account of its
delicate shapes and feathery loaves. It
is washed up by every wave on the
beach here tit Santa Harbara. but not
in an amount nearly sufficient for com
mercial purposes. Tiie great source of
upply is the beach near More's hinti
ng. The Chinese cooks Use it to make
soups, anil it is said to tickle tiie Celes
tial palate after a most delicious and
savory ma niter.
It i.s a pity that the American kitchen
can not find a use for these two aban
doned fruit products. Dried dog-fish
and ser. moss, at the present writing,
are not particularly luring baits to the
pampered epicure of the Arlington or
San Marcos, but there may be unlim
ited possibilities iu the way of gastron
omic glee hidtl"n within those rough
exteriors, an I with this latter sugges
tion tlio subject is turned over to those
'ntcrested in booming Stint a Harbara.
Santa Barbara (Ca1.) Initrpemlcnt.
Some Large Libraries.
The largest library iu the worlil is
he Hibliothoquo National, in Paris,
tvhich contains 'J.OO.l.OOO volumes, and
is wonderfully rich in manuscripts.
The next largest is that of the Hritish
Museum, w ith 1, i 500.000 volumes, and
the third is the Imperial, iu St. Peters
burg, with 1,100,000 volumes. Other
;reat libraries tire: Royal. Horliu,
rOUOOO; lioynl, Dresden. and
Royal, Copenhagen, A00.0U0 each;
ttoyal, Munich, l.'iO.OtU; hit
lorial, Vienna. 400,000; Con
gressional, Washington, .SSO.000, and
University. Loipsic, JtUO.OOO, The Hos
ton public library is tlio next largest iu
America, after the Congressional, hav
ng, including tho branches, 35.1,000
foluiues. Tho Yale library litis 190,
XKI; tho Astor, Now York, 180,000; tho
Mercantile, iu Philadelphia, 135,000;
he Philadelphia library, lOo.OOO. and
he National, of Mexico, 100,000. The
'anions Hodloiiiu Library. Oxford Uni-
rerslt,v. Kngland, has 330,000 voluntas. 1
The AVur llctwcen the
Ire and tho
Hudsox, Wis., April 4.1 nrrived hero last
week just a little nliead of the biting blasts of
tlio i. c. b. By tlm 1. c, b. I mean to imply
tlfe interstate commission bill.
I noticed while en route that the new law
had stimulated travel to a .vonilcrftil degree.
On my way from tlio south, where I win
during tho winter, I noticed that tho sluggth
arteries of trade Lad nlrcndy begun to palpi
tate, and crowds of people filled tlio cars on
1 fcaid to myself, congress has at Inst solved
this great question of flnniicial stringency
und broken the great dam Unit held capital
captive. On tlio Piedmont Air lino people
crushed each other together In a mad attempt
to travel. On tho Richmond and Dnnvillo
and E. T., K. and O., as ell as tho L. and N
humanity crowded day coaches and sleepers
till the walls cracked. At Cincinnati I could
not got a sleeping car at nil, and I bnd to
telegraph twenty-four bom's ahead to get one
from Chicago. Everywhere, as far ns tlio eyo
could rench, thero seemed to lie a wild and
restless desire to get somewhere else. Several
companies hnvo to put on extra coaches to
carry tlio'cager tourists.
I arrived hero just in time to witness the
last moments of a nortliK 3tern pass as its
spirit took its flight. Had t iostioned my
journey for ii hinglo tiny I would havo been
It was still yotmg. Life was beforo it.
Rarely a quarter of tlio span of its life had
iK'eu passed when it curled up and expired.
It was a cute (ittlo tiling, with nil olivo coin
ploxion and large, mournful, upper case eyes.
A few weeks ago I noticed that it did not
look well. It did not complain of illness or
pain, hut I thought I detected n condition on
its back, and so 1 hurried homo in order to Ikj
here in ease it should expire. As soon as tho
-oiidnctor looked at it and felt its pulso ho
-au'd that heeould tie nothing for it. Tliointer
stnto commerce law is one of tliosotliingstlint
will have to Ik, tried before wo can pass upon
it, I presume, though sonio claim thnt it is
going to bu very dil.icull to pass upon it oven
then. Tlio thought occurred to mo just ufter
the gate keeper pushed mo back yesterday
and told me to go nud get my ticket
l then lirst rcnlin.il what it was to bo rudely
ground under the heel of n cold coqioratioii
that is devoid of heart, devoid of soul, dovoid
of noble thoughts, devoid of refined instincts,
devoid of kind impulses, dovoid of milk of
human kindness, devoid of bowels of compas
sion. From force of hnliit I walked up to the gatu
with n joyous nod and the old password, only
to bo coldly repulsed by tho hired bouncer of
this heartless, soulless, iniptdseloss, milklcss
and bowellcss corporation.
Rut tho railroads will get tho worst of it,
for I know that travel on sonto of tho lines
has fallen otr since April 1, I can seo it
already. 1 have fallen off myself since tho 1st
if the mouth and others will do tho same
That is not nil. A friend of initio who runs
a paper, and whoso pass got tho hollow hoiv
on 1'Viday last, says that his columns ere no!?
open to those who wish to complain of tho
management of this road. lie states thnt tho
first hot box will be duly chronicled, and that
hti will no longer close his eyes to the wrongs
wo have heretofore buffered at tho hiindsof
this unjust nnd ruthless vunipire that has
been sapping the very foundation of our in
stitut ions and smearing its long, dark trail
with tho remnants of our liest milch cows,
reluctantly paying for them tho price set at
the tail of an unjust nud enervating trial by
a corrupt, venal and driveling jury.
IIo bays that "tho liino lias come for the
press to arise and assert itself," nnd when tho
train runs otr the track and kills a lot of
people who have led exemplary lives, his pa
llor will hereafter tell why and how it was
done. Heretofore ho has not hnd suflieient
help in tho oilice, ho claims-, and ho fro
queutly i nn short of tyix;, hut now ho is go
ing to give nil tho particulars of tho first
smash up that occurs on tho road if tho paper
falls into the relentless maw of a sheriffs sale
on tho following week. Now York Worlil.
The One II Forgot.
"John, I would liko to invito my friend,
Mix Sinidley this evening. Will you Ikj nblo
tohoi.ii" "Xo, my dear, I must attend a
meeting of tho Knights of Honor to-night"
"Well, to-morrow evening?" "I havo tho
Ancient Order of United Workmen, and you
know" "What about Wednesday even
ing!' "Oh. the Odtl Fellows meet that night,
.and on Thursday I havo a meeting of tho
Cjosen Friends to attend; on Friday tho
Royal T- mplars; on Saturday there is a.
speck. 1 meeting of tlio Masonic lodge, and I
'ouhhi't inks that; and then Sunday let mo
ee what is there on Sunday night, my
leai C "Tho Uraud and Ancient Order
Christian Fellowship." "Why, I had forgot
ten, am 1 member of that let mo see "
"Cut you havo forgotten another socletv,
John." "What's thut?" "Your wife's."
Ros ton' Record.
A Case for I'uoteur.
"Look henh, Sti' Jane, I tlono lef a qunht
bottle of blaekbe'y brandy in dat cubbonud
when I went out to took home dat 'ionin',
an' now day isn't enough of dat tonic to
weaken ono dose, of my cough inixttmh.
Wliar dat likker nil appeahed to, I Vixseti"
"How I know what coino of yeh likker?
You might got moaU senso dan put anything
in dat ar cubboahd; it's jes' lilin full of
cockroaches." "Well, you' olo man done got
bit by cockroach, don, fob, I jes' met him
flown street tight in' wid two ohcemoa who
was tyin' 1'iim down on a dray." Toras Sif t
ingu. II Win Put ill tho Paper.
A friend writing from Roston relates tho
following nnecdote, toltl her by n head master
of oneot tho schools in thnt city, as illustra
tive of tho hold that a well known daily
paper has upou the poptjar mind:
"Tho recitation was in ancient hiitory. The
pupil was expatiating upon tho topic of the
Olympic games. 'A great many jieoplo ent
to see them,' she said, 'because it was put in
the paper when tlioy wore coming off.' 'The
yaper!' exclaimed tho teacher. 'Dal they havo
newspapers Ja thosodaysr 'Why, yuj,' won
tho reply, it iaya to in t'f.o book, nny way ; it
tvya llw Herald proclaimed tbem.' " Ojen
f II 1