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About The Oregon scout. (Union, Union County, Or.) 188?-1918 | View Entire Issue (May 14, 1887)
WOMAN AND HOME.
THE FRIENDSHIP AND LOVE OF
WOMAN WORTH WINNING.
Cleanllncwt nnd It Virtues ltiilc for
Family I'ence A Womnn'n Good Urno'
lutloiitt Interior Decoration Children.
Itllcbcn Hint 'ot- anil Item.
My brother, it is said, and I ljelievc it to
bo In many cases true, that men do not read
women readily; do not understand their reii
characters oven though those characters may
ha Keen by other women. Now, let mo give
you nn infallible rule, ono which you can
apply in every caso nnd never bo disappointed
In llo rowulls. It fs simply this: When you
onnw into tho presenco of a woman whom
yon nre meeting for tho first timo noto tut
imprcEnion sho makes on your mind. If sh
reminds you nt onco of your box and her owe
by look, word or act, let her alone, for her
inlluonre will degrade you. Hho may please
your oyo by hrr beauty, your ear by her
olce, Hatter you by her words and manner,
hut sho will never bo n truo friend to you.
Klio studies to plenso and expects you tc
please in rcliini. Sim has' no thought nbov
present pl-amiro and no caro for anything
but self. She will never uplift you beyond
your propoiit piano nor incito you to deeds of
honor. She must livo out lier organization
mid by mirroring b: mado to km tho truo aim
, of lifn before hhe can bo to you in any respect
what u woman should bo to n man n guide
ta draw him up, not down; n friend whom
1m can safely trust and honor, and, pcr
cJi.mcc, oven lovo.
If, on tho oth-r hand, you meet a woman
wlxwt proscnoo brings no thought of sex into
your mind, who brings out your best
thoughts, nnd gives you hers in return,
whoso manner encotunges no ignoble deed or
word, who ivipectHhem-ir, and involuntarily
calk out your respect for her, mako that
woman vonr fr end. no matter wnni may no
licr ago or social position, no matter if 6hc
Imi poorly drowsed and plain featured nnd one
not calculated to make n show in tho world
.if fmdilnn: hho has a roul Idled with good,
nnd her thought arotlio forerunners of good
deeds, and sho will provo a source ol con
stant inspiration to you that will draw you
to higher planes of development and tend to
inako vou tho man you otigut 10 i. aiwi
ftncndlii? mi hour with such a woman you
leave her feeling more manly, more erect
morally nnd physically, and though you may
not havo tho thought clearly formed in your
mind, yet you nro conscious that tho time
spent in her company win spent wisely.
Vou nro awam that her Inlhumcu L'l elevating
nnd roflnini: nnd vou feel your b-tter nature
reusing into action. You fool uxihamed of
your tnlsdondi nnd winli yourself better than
you arc, and resolve to unko yourself more
worthy of her regard. Kvili thnt you have
wstrco noticed baforo yo l aro hardly willing
to tolerate, new desires awako and you
hrentho for n tlmo a now, purer atmosphere.
When you find a woman who produces
lhme or similar impressions on you, ultiva'e
her nenualutanen; sho will do you good.
Her Influence will bo ennobling, not degrad
ing. Kho will never drag u man down, but
raise hl-n to n h!.;hrr 1 -v 1 nnd bring out In
stromr rolK all tho crawl nobility of man
hood that in in him, awl the strength and
tmrilr of his highest awl best gifts.
Tho friendship nwl lovn of a woman of this
Hojm is worth winning, my brother; and
happy is ho who can call such n woman his
friend, and doubly bliwdin ho who can win
her for bin life companion. Association with
her will be on a plane far abovo ec!HhIi pas
sion, and round out tho life into harmonious
ooiupletcmm that not only Inlhicnees tho in
dividual but nil who come, in contact with
him. Cor. Christian ltegister.
C:li'iiillllli' Ih Next to (loillliipit.
1 bavoKeen tho women of many nations."
remarked an old gentleman to a reporter tho
othor day, "both in society and at home,
nnd I confess with prldothnt I think Amerl
can women, ns -i rule, nio tho neatest the
world over. Have you ever lived in u vil
In mid noted tho fastidious habits of tin
belles, who nro perhaps more particular
about tholr np.-iearauce than they would Ik
i:i n largo city, becniwu they know every
body knows them, and because they canno
go down the h'.rect without b 'lug scrutinized
oJrooly bv wHU 'iidinirer!1 1 imvo Known vii
latro maidens lor having married awl set
tied down In n great city take advantage of
t!io wlldonies. of houses and i.trungo ineoh
nnd no about i i such slatternly uttiro list hoy
would unur I ivu assumed in their nntlvu
a i'.laio, but i "tw cases nro rare.
'You take i. girl who is neat at homo and
r.he will bo .. -:t every where else. If hhe
wears a clean calico in tho morning sho will
wour n MtotlcHH inerHo In tho niiornoon. If
iV.io Winn's a e'.oun collar in the morning she
will replace it with a fresher ono inthoovon
iiii, and w) on
"Tho habit of nontnewor its opposite Isan
hitorobtlng study in women, flio character
istie naturally oxisUi just tho samo in men
but the circumstance-i governln:; their Hvib
jire Hiio.i ns do not living out this phnso in
Mich pronounced lankion. 1 don t ('ouln
that Horn.) of th civaloat uluttorns on ivirth
iro men, but they mv Hcldoui fouud out, you
hnow. If you iu Hiililelently iutimuto with
n nentlemau to gain neceea to Ills apartment
vou will Hoon Iwvo n very oscollent method
rtf ju Icinir of his habits, if you llnd his
brushes full of bnlr mvl lint, his towels awl
nolled clotura lilc;ing about overywheiv,
with n bawl of dirty water always on his
wmlistand, you may easily judge that l.o
will go out lu t.' s'lv.'t with givasn spots on
1 i ; clothe rn 1 lull honed linen on,
'Now, brtv.wnyou nn.l ine, I ilotiHt dirty
jipoplo. Tfcew in w.ntlilii!j as repulsive
jthout untidy hnbiU to me na (hero U in real
vrickttdnim. I don t thlnlt you ciu bn rootl
man or a Kd wom in without loKk'K.i'.i.';
thoroughly clean puroounl hsbitti, and I Mill
Htiek to it until my dying day. They tell
mo I ini a vmuli on this mib.ort. 1 don't
ijnro whothor 1 am or not," Denver Trib
ituliw for 1'iiinlly I'l'itic
Wo may 1k ipilto Miro tliat our will is
likely lo Ik ctMUMoii to-ilay, so piviwi-o for it
ICveryliody in tho houso luu an evil naturo
lis well iui ouwlviw, awl, thervfoiv, wo aro
not to osiicct too much
'!' loumlho dltforeut tuniwrof each iudi
Wlxin any gwxl happens to any ono to ro
jolco nt It,
Whon Inelliuxl to give nn angry niuwur to
If from sIokuosH, pnlu or infirmity wo feel
Irrllnblo to koop n vwy btriot wutch ovur
To obssrvo when others aro no suffering
nwl ilrop n woni or kinautw imtl yinimtuy
Hultod to Ibctr wsiitc,
To watoli far little opportunities of los
ing nnd to put llttlo imiioaucen out of tho
To tftke n olierul vltw of ovorythiuyr,
tu all llttlo plenwiriw wiiioh iuy occur to
nut ml lMt
To try for the wtt iniiwer that "ttmitih
YUw w Imve lwoti indued bv nn urklnd
word or tlmxl to lub oun Ivi: "li xoluut
often ilono tho smiiw thing ttnd b en for-
In cnnv. rsatiou not to er.altounlvfl M
to urlna othiiu fomuiu
To bo very gcntlo with the younger one
nnd treat them with respect, remembering
thnt wo wcro onco young.
Novcr to jndgo ono another, but to at
tribute a good motive when wo can.
To comparo our manifold blessings witli
tho trifling annoyances of tho day.
Itennlntlnn for n 'Woman.
Never for one day to neglect hair, teeth or
Never to wear a garment spotted or with
a holo in it If in any way avoidable.
Novcr to corao down to breakfast other
than as fresh as a bath and goal temper will
admit. If too ill to bo sweet or to drcst
carefully, to stay out of sight.
Novcr to appear st dinner without dis
tinctly showing it is dinner and worthy of
Novcr to forgot to r.how in dress, body or
manners that 1 am glad to bo a woman.
Novcr to run down men or get c.tcitcd
about tho wrongs of our tw,
Never to sulk, or whine, or nag th
three greatest failings of womankind.
Nevcr.'if jiossiblc, to scold husband or
brother or other masculino attachments; but
if it can't be helped, to scold quick and rea
sonably and havo that tho end of it.
Nover to forget, if dependent on husband
or any ono else for oven tho most loving sup
port, that tho loast return is loro and cart
and n certain amount of forgiveness.
Novcr to mnko n womar. lialanco on the
edgo of a horso car scat when by moving
thrco inches sho might havo comfort.
Nover to elbow a woman out of tho way,
bo tho old, young, rich or poor. If anxioui
to go ahead, say "p!ea.e,
To answer letters.
To keep appointments.
And last and most enduring resolution (
nil In wear no hats nt tlio tlicatrc. -NOW
Horticulturists aro positively besieged for
lmiidMimn itacds of exotic ami nntivo plants to
1k, worked in with embroidered flowers , or
,. . ,1 v s nual bands or screens, or to uccn
tho covers of card boxen, etc. lor attach
ment n flno drilled holo for tho passage of
tho nccdlo passes through th ir axes.
Among choico knlckimaexs lor nouuoir
and similar uso aro imall cabinets witn
masking doors infido of doors subtloliea of
ninftsinaiishin with interior arrangemcnU
concealed, tho whole of accurate and refined
A uicturonnue card case consists or an open
ildod net. witli tho mo ld of n fisherman in
compo holding nji ono end. Tho net would
seem to In sutllciently capacious for any of
tho leaders of wciety.
A lantern of tinoftagonaI in rorm and
jeweled, bhowit tho dial of iv clod: on ono
of iti Bides. Suspended in iv darkened corner
nwl with tho fneo of tho clock shining in tho
mum of tho colored roundlets it presents n
pn rev effect.
Half dozen Frtsot elegantly uccoraicu ciu3
and saucers, in tat in cushioned case, are
now pnm nosed of thrco nattcnis. Vor vari
ous disliffl on stands, surh as tureens and
nance holders thick, Hat beveled edges awl
sunken centers havo bosn introduced.
As a reccotaclo for Jewelry or other arti
cles of beauty and vnluo u a nest of four
cabinets sot in framo of beautifully carved
tortoiso shell, each lu -a different stylo ot
lacnuor work and ornamented with rock
crystal cut in fantastic forms.
V.'blto Underwear floltiB Out.
Tho following notes on dress aro furnished
mobyaladyi Whilo many a Frenchwoman
of tho well-to-do bourgeois clasgoesto mar
ket herself in order to savo a fow sous on the
prico of her comestibles, sho is often regard
lens of tho expense of her whito petticoats.
The whito petticoat is ratlior acostiy anicie,
becauNO it nnit always bn spotlessly ciean.
A I'rcnch lady, nnd abovo nil n 1'nrisienne,
would as soon think of wearing ono soiled as
sho would think of being seen with a holo in
her stocking or with boots down at heel, in
such matters tho Trench aro essentially par
ticular, nnd in this respect they set an ex
ample to many wealthy and well dressed
daughters of Albion owl ot America, who,
even when in Tnris, nro not always irre
proachably gloved and booted.
To return to the wiuto peuicoai, u una
held its ground in France, whilo in romu
oilier countries it has of lata years been nl-
driven from rronernl uso. et even in
this matter of the whito petticoat fashion is
luiiiiuding f reach ladies to Iw iienccroiin
too conservative. They aro told that, ct any
rnto during tho coming winter, they aro to
wear colored s'.ilrts. except for full evemnj
dress nnd for toilettes do ville. In short,
uwlerlinen generally h undergoing modifi
cation!!, and night draws of colored cambric
etlcct the taslo of many foremost women ot
fnshion. Nay, moro, pure whito H no longer
excliHiivcly used for luby toilets, Iloston
Mint lor tlio Klt.'lM'ii.
WheiiMovo nwl f.hoo blacking brushes get
so worn nt their scrubbing cwl as to b uso-
leas, remove the brush from the handle, ro
verso it and taeknguln iu pluco, securing th
t wo thirds worn buwi another term of serv
ice. 'In it iKitato little or iwtnto big to-day?"
I overheard a young girl iuk her mother as
tin- clock struck 11.
'cither, child, but middle sized potato
day," nwl umbo little helper clattered down
tho cellar r.tnlrs with tier pan, I mid:
"Whatover do vou mean? With your largo
crow of workmen for which jou must pre
pare meals, I should think all your das
would Im potato dinner ilnye.
fki they are,' was lier iiulek reply, "but
wo havo learned to avoid waste in their
cooking by lolling different gtes consecutive
tluys. l'ormeily wo wvuM lioil a lurgo din
tier jKit or pott'.toMi tor i acn noon r.jeai, giV'
In'; llttlo attention to t'icir !. In conno
quenw the wna'.ler mun would bj overdone, a
wato of Hoveral bushels t: iMiiguouttuoyear,
Hut nowadays wo keep the )otato heap
plckeil clean ns wo go, a dinner pot of uninll
ones wholly one day, large, may b. rotten
hearted old fellows thoiuMtiuul middlo bUea
IKitntoes nuother iky. t-'ine adopting thii
pkiu our boillir; initatoos aro nearly all dona
at tho suum instant, and uono como from
tho kcttlo half raw nnd other mushed for
tho swill barrel. Lnilieb' Homo Journal.
Killer Not Into This Tciiiititlnn.
There nro two givat tomptntions to which
iv onreful lionsekiH'per is liable. Ono is to fill
har servant' hands wi full witli tho l-egular
work that when oxtmiixiuircmenU come, ai
in time of company or iline or homo clean
ing, slut Ueinclf iimtt Im thtiouo to fulfill
tueiii. Tho othor l wiwrevci' ao nee in
capacity in any department of tho work to
nuikountlw aenclvHey by tier own cijorts,
In thin wav Mie will accumulate a variety of
tnaka, aueli th' o iro of favorito lampn, tha
diMtlniz i f lu lo-a-br.tc, thj itavorintr of cu-
tarua caul mixing or Aiaa, not to &k or
tha packlus of lunches and arrair-lna of
truys for invalid, which U n rreat comfort
to lu-rmar ami otucm to uavo uouo wuu
nicety. Hut if ibo does not limit Uer ilcclnw
in this ilirectiou thctj task will rnrtainJ?
tn :u !i uihni tho time and stwugth ix'quiml
for ovom.'jtit and i laiiuin;!, not it ;vKk ol
nsjt, an 1 the coubtaut occur iwnco of th UN-foi-x
:i wilt litool away tho mnaiilr. H.
U. Ueaaott in Uood llouaokocpiug.
Oitl Oiiulre aiatto llMHiMltal.
I mw u THt foudMNB mrI HUtM( for
fixing up old chairs nnd making them even
moro comfortable to sit in than when they
wcro new. I nail straps of strong, coarco
cloth over tho framo to form tho scat, cover
this with enrpet, lxrand neatly, and if desir
blo put a cushion on it. (Strips of tin may
lio nailed over weak places to strengthen
vheni. I havo just flxtxi up an old rocking
clialr, of which tho woven seat and baerf
wcro all gone, so that it is both comfortablo
nnd pleasant to look at. Aftor putting In
tho back and scat as alwve described, I made
a cushion for both back and seat of corn
huiks, then covered chair, frame and all,
with crctonno nnd put a pretty tidy on it.
It stniids in tho bay window and is admired
by overybpdy that sees it. It costs only tne
crctonno and tacks. Cor. New York Trib-
A I.lfo Not to l!o i:nvleil.
To bo n belle, with all it implief, is r?allj
arduous. It menns dovotion to everybody
nnd everything except ono's self, with no
quiet moments; it moans to live in tho glare
of public life, to havo every action noticed
No wonder tho term "professional beauty
camo up in London! It it n most difilcult
"profession" to follow, to bo alwnysat ono's
best, never to obtrudo private griefs or joys,
to ba always unruffled.
ifow few who nre really beautiful are
capablo of being io professionally; in other
words, of really making a business of it.
And then tho constant dread of eclipse,
nov.-er nnd vounccr beauties aro coming
upon tho sccno ovcry day, and tho hoydoy of
an attrae'Jvo woman is as short as tho lifo of
a butterfly. Hartford Courant.
Trouble with 1'rofrnslonal Nnrsr.
Tho professed nurro is npt to havo a will
ot her own, and in caso of sicknoss to set
oven tlio doctor at defiance. Columns might
bo filled with instances of their fads. For
example, ono experienbed nurso haing
learned from a leading accoucheur lo anoint
tho now born babe beforo washing it, per
hi"cd to tho day of her death in greasing nil
her nui-slings from head to foot beforo their
daily bath, iiuisting that tho practico was
necessary both for health awl tho licauty of
their complexions. Another nurso could
never bo persuaded to warm tho water in
n-hlch -ho washed tin baby. "No, inarm,"
sho would say, "I always washes children in
water fresh from tho hydrant; warm water
makes them delicate," awlsko would unhoBi
tatingly give up a good placo rather than
yield tho jioint. Cor. Doston Globo.
To Krop tlio Uojs at Home.
Kco to it that their homes rompeto with
public places in their attractiveness. Open
your blinds by day, awl light bright fires
bv night. Illuminate your rooms. Hnug
pictures upon tho walls. Put books nnd
nitwspaicrs upon your tables. Have music
nnd entertaining gnmes. Hanish demous of
dullness nnd npathy that havo so long ruled
in your household, nnd bring in mirth and
good cheer. Invent occupations for your
sons. Stimulnto their ambitions in worthy
directions. Whilo you mako homo their de
light fill them witli higher purposes than
mero pleasure. Whether they fchnll pass
happy boyhood owl enter upon manhood
with reilncd tastes nnd noblo ambitions de
pends on you.
Tlmro Is IiioiikIi for All.
Uut with SOO,000,000 in tho Metropolitan
Opera house thcro ought not to bo 200,000
women starving in its i.hadow. Thcro is no
need. It is hot a ipicstion between music
and starvation. It is only a question of
music and plenty, fio far as money is con
cerned, theso women can bo amply fed awl
clothed without tho raenflco of ono noto of
I'atti's, or ono Kit in fluting or ono golden
cord. Thcro is enough nnd to sparo in Now
York for all tho music and all tlx) millinery,
and yet to let no woman go wringing des
pairing hands through tho midnight &trcct3
nnd no llttlo child go shivering nnd stipper
les,. ton bed of straw. Gail Hamilton in New
Don't Asti Too Much of Tlmin.
Tho Roston Courier thinks that too many
demands nro mado on tho emotional untnro
of children. "Who," it says, "lias not seen
children badgered and harassed witli: Kiss
your nuntie, becauso you lovo her; now
kiss grandpa; now put your arms round
Tnndmi'n neck nnd mow lier now lonu you
nro of her: r.nl you do lovo yiurown doar
.muinia, non e jou? nnu mo uiuuriimuiu
b. by is forced to go through Miecohsivo
icmonst rat ions of affection, getting tnrougn
ll round of tlio circlu only lo Uavo it started
over again. How many grown jeoplo could
ndure being continuully called uixm to givo
proof of fondness?
How to St null Slilrls.
To do ui shirts tako two tablespoonfuls
of starch nwl ono teaspoon even full of pow-
lerod borax and dissolve m ono and ono half
cups of cold water. 1 ho shirts must not bo
pr viously starched and they must bo jxjr-
focllv drv. Dip tno cuus, couars, ic,oms
and neckbands in tho starch, then roll up
tight in n dry cloth nwl let them lio two
hours. Then rub of? awl iron. They will
bo liko pasteboard and havo a nice gloss.
A Nurse's l'oollli Notion.
A foolish notion prevalent among tha
lower classes in several countries U that a
babo nt the broast can Iks insured against
colio by being mado to tokte everything
which tho mother oats, i no writer was onco
hot-rifled to llnd her nur i.blmt to give her
baby cold slaw on this principle.; tho girl de
fending herself on uio p;on tuns n.r uioiner
alwnys did it, and that it was good lor tho
child. Cor. Uokton tilubo.
A Cleior ltotoii 5lil.
Miss Mautlo Howe, beautiful, clover girl
that sho U, makes ono of tlwiwwt interesting
"Chatterers" that over even Hoston devel
oped. Wo iuxj quiw rwidy to beliovo her
recent statonictit tuni suo - novor uuuio n
Journey in her lifo without teeing Botnothins
t!iat 1 never iw boforo or learning bonio
tliingnew." Aliotlier l)vi) Iteforni.
Mrs. Miller, of Wnshingtou, U tho npostlo
of n now I'.ispcwuition in tho way of woman s
dress. Ilcr creed is wauits inktcad ot conww,
layciu of underclothing fitted smoothly to
tho lodv, nnd drawers to mutch tho gown,
u sort of adaptation of Ijdy Hubberton'ji
"divided skirt," with slight ditreronoeB.
Multlmi AkMirnnao Coiniuiiiy.
The Panes assure maidens iqiou iwymeut
of an uuuuul sum ot u comfortablo hom at
n certain age. Tho Uenctlts of tho aiMwia
lion ctM at marriagv.
Uiiiiik aiudo llroom lloldiir.
Tako two large hxxmi, clrivo large uaQ
through them in th wall about two inches
apart, tuul liaug up your broom, Imwh ouU
To make fthects but kwger, when they
pet Uiin in the middle, tear down tno center,
mw tho out edge together and hem tlieaiilw,
To ta!:o the "fl!iy" une'J from -our VU
let u'.cr f"lus Cbhpu', umpaud water in
the akldct aud let boll for ten minute.
Samn dtaaer plate crow In favor, aari
th newest are w nrtt iu4j of wrUMtt
MANNER OF LIVING DY THOSE WHO
FIRST BROKE THE PRAIRIES.
The nulldlnc of the Ig Calitn ruml
ture of the Intnrlor Mortur nnd
"Swrrp" for Grliullnc Corn Oolne
rioneer lifo takes Its shapo from tho sur
roundings. Southern Illinois differed from
tho other western states in being distant
from largo towns, without public convey
ance, having a climato neither cold nor
warm, having a nearly even mixture of
woodland and prairie, and bsing settled by
emigrants from tlio south.
Tho huses wcro mo5tly round polo cabins,
not tho hugo ioplar logs they had used in
tho nouth, but such as they could get. Some
times tho walls were "sholpsd down," or
very slightly hewn, and sometimes tho walls
wcro built of split log3 smoothed n little on
tho face. Somo of tho cracks in theso walls
wcro chinked and daubed, whilo bomo wero
left open to admit light. Windows wcro
nearly or quito unknown. Homo of tho
cabins had cracks ull around "that a dog
coul 1 jump through." If tho floor was any
thing clso than baro ground it was mado of
puncheons, or slabs, split out and smoothed
a little with n chopping nxe, nwl fastened
dowu with wooden pins or not fastened at
all. Thcro wcro but thrco "sleepers" to tho
floor, ono at each end and ono iu tho middle.
Tho roof was not nailed and had no rafters.
At tho caves the end logs projected at each
nnrnnr n. foot Or tWO lieVOllll tllO Walls, awl
on tho cnd3 of theso rested logs, ono on each
side; nnd theso wero called "buttin poles,"
!ccauso tho eiuh of tho first course of boards
butted against them. Sovcral courses of
los wero then put up, tho gab!o3, of course,
upright, whilo tho side low werj "drawn in
to miipo tho roof." On theso logs clapboards
wero laid, four foot boards being generally
used, and hold down by "weight polos." A
Iolo was laid on each course of boards, and
theso poles wcro kept in placo by blocks or
sticks set up between them, called "knees."
Tho chimney was of split logs bolow and
small sticks higher up, with a stone, some
times only a dirt, fireplace. Sometimes
thcro was a loft, mado by laying clapboards
on tho joists; sometimes not; and then tho
joists generally jxiles wero convenient lor
hanging up deer awl deer skins, etc. Shelves
resting on long pins in tlio walls answered
for cupboard, pantry, bureau awl wardrobe,
n.s everything that might not as well bo on
tho floor wus stowed away on theso shelves.
There wero but fow bedsteads in the coun
try. "Hcd scairolds" were mudo on two
rails or pieces driven into tho walls, ono for
tho sido and one for tho end, in tho corner
of tho cabin, the other ends of theso rails
being let into a post, tho entire structure
frequently having but one bed post. Hoards
wcro laid across from tho long rail to tho
wall, or from rail to rail, and on theso tho
iKHljf tho happy family had any was laid.
Tho tnblo wai either made of boards nailed
to a rough, unwieldy frame, or it was mado
on stakes driven into tho ground i. e., tho
iloor. Meat was plenty, but breadstuff was
nt first bioughtfromtlleolder settlements on
tho Mississippi, Ohio or Wabash. Koine had
httlo hand mills that would grind n bushel
or two of corn in a day, awl they did well.
Hut many had to beat this meal iu a mortar.
Ono family had n big kcttlo which they ued
for a mortar, but generally tho mortar was
n s'tiinp with a basin burned out in tho top
of it. Over this was suspended on u sweep"
a burro billet of wood. This billet was
brought down upon the grain in tho mortar,
tho Mvcep raised it, and so, thump, thump,
tho pounding went on till tho grain was
broken small enough to make bread. An
other stylo of mortar was mado of a largo
block, and tho pestlo was a maul witli an
iron wedgo in tho end of it. This was used
in bad weather, an it could ba brought in
doors, and it cut tho grain rapidly. Tho
meal was sifted through a siove, mado by
pinching a picco of deerskin full of holes
with a hot spindlo nnd stretching it over a
hoop. In tho early nittr mn meal was grated,
awl tho bread r.iado of thi-J moal and baked
on a bard or in tho m-hes was as delicious as
heart could wish. Hut liner delicacies than
fl-eso wero sometimes prepared. Meal was
'sardicd'' that K it was boat en very line,
then it was put into a cloth of loose, iion
t;:it;iro, nwl as much cs possible Mtu-d nmt
beaten out through tho cloth. This was
"snrched" meal, anil it was nearly as lino as
Most of tho hats or caps woni were mado
of skins, often of tlir most fantxstie shapes,
lv.it in Minituer tho straw hat was common.
Tho hats tho men brought to this country
with them were worn on Sunday As tho
original r.tpply of clothiir: began to fail, tho
first icsourco was to u'.ul.o clothes of deer
skins. Tlioso in tho hands of the Indians
p.iado excellent clothing: but our llfbt set
tlers wcro not such good tanners, and tho
clothes did not do so well. Tho breeches
soon got a ticiueudous kueo tha. was a per
manent thing. When tho men or boys went
out into tho grass whilo tho dow was on, tho
broechea would toon bo dangling around
thsir fcot; und then about 10 o clock, or
sooner, when they becumo dry again, they
rustled and crackled about their knots n6
much too bhort. Moccabiiui wero almost
universally worn often bsing mado for
winter usv) of skins with the hair on. In
wr.rr.i weather ull wont barefoot.
Most of tho leiburo timo was spent in visit-
itifr or hunting, horso races and protracted
mi clings. Much timo wus ulso tpcuU in
going to mill. A two bushel sack of corn
was Duelled; long leforo daylight tho next
morning tho bnstla of gtttiug off legnii, so
ns to mako tho trip in ono day if possible;
tho sack was thrown across a horso, man or
boy mounted and jogged an ay, follow oil by
many cautious nlwut crossing tho creeks
owl mucli anxiety wus f. !t if tho loys failed
lo get buck tho next niht or tlio following
I liatl lietter deccrilx) ono of the mills.
There is an ojien shed, ojk'ii ull around. In
tuo middle, a largo post say eighteen inches
iu diameter turns on a pivot in a block set
in the ground, ami i stayed by croau beams
at tho top; this post, about two feet from
the ground, a beam goes throuph and ox
tcud eight or ten feet out at each end, und
to theso the horses are hitched. Alniiit six
feet from tho ground all round tho.iKwt
stick llvo or six feet long M ith n natural
fork at tho cud aro driven into auger holes,
md i:i these forks a raw hide round Iwnd or
ro.x work. Soaw later mills hod a light
wheel iuttead of thcae (tick. This Kind coos
round a little trundle huad that turn tho
millstone. The whole was out in the wood,
tomotimc without oven a shed; so being t
mill was very much like being out of doors.
Cor. Chicago Herald.
A Current DlugnusU.
Physician (to patient) Have you been out
IV lent Yea, dr. I attended nn auc
tion sola of household effect.
1 U Bicifin Vou probably overdid your
eli? Patient Ka, 1 didn't do amthtng. ily
ttubband weut off this morning without
laoviua ma crut
rhytietan I aoa. 1 would rromimud
Woojdde, madam. You ire wffv-iuu from
wcyuwa prostration, -Pio?:.
WASHINGTON AND HIS WIFE.
A Couple of Strong Honiritlo Tastes.
3Iartlui Wn-.blnBt"' Work.
Both Washington and his wifo wcro
people of strong domestic tastes. They
loved their homo-at Mount Vernon, nnd
wero seldom happier than during the few
alono in it. Martha
Washington grew moro and more domes
tic during her latter years, and in tho
dark days of tho revolution, with all her
wealth and rnrincr cxtnuaguui-v.-,
wore plainer clothes at moro bclitting tho
tunes. Sho would not patronize Lnghsli
goK and a great deal of cloth was
made nt Mount Vernon. Sho kept six
teen spinning wheels busy, and she was
especially proim ol two unra n.
liad made for herself. They wcro of cot
ton, striped with silk, and they must
have been of fine quality, for one weighed
only a pound and a half and tho other
still lss. Tho silk stripes wero inadu
from tho raveling of brown sill: stockings
nn.l some, old crimson chair covers.
Martha Washington clad her servants m
cloth of her own manufacture, nnu un
liveries of her coachman and footman
wero mado at Mount Vernon, with the
exception of tho scarlet cuds and trim
mings, which wcro imported.
She manufactured the cloth from
which Gen. Washington had mado one
of his inauguration suits, und it Is ie
corded bv her grandson that she dressed
very plainlv when at homo with no
jmests to entertain, and that sho was so
neat that she could wear a gown a whole
week, going through her kitchen and
laundry and all the other places in the
domestic management, and
thy gown at the end of the week would
retain its snow like whiteness and bo un
sullied bv even a single speck.
She was a hard worker. George
Washington rose from his bed during a
part of the vear at -1 o'clock, and Martha
was alwavs'up at daybreak. Sho was a
great knitter, and while sitting the knit
ting needles were seldom out of her
hands. She had an army of servants
under her. and she looke l personally after
every detail of the household affairs,
going about with a bunch of keys hang
ing at lier side. The extent of the Mount
Vernon household may lie imagined by
the fart that, at times, tho butter of one
hundred cows was not enough to supply
Martha Washington was fond of gar
dening, and she liked to work in tho
garden herself. She was a good mother,
and she is said to havo been a woman of
deep religious convictions. blie was
somewhat of a match maker in regard
to her children, and she possessed, in
t'.i'irt, most of tho traits that aro common
t t'le mothers and the wives of to-day.
K hero and there in her character we
find some weakness to laugh at, we must
remember that, upon the whole, there is
much in it to admire. Sho was a good
woman, a good wife, and a good mother,
and General Washington never thought
that she was anything elso but the best
wonie.n in tho world. Frank G. Car
penter in Tlio Cosmopolitan.
Mind ll.'rtliiiR and ailnd ircadlns.
A physician in cxtensivo practico was
lately asked: "What proportion, should
you say, of thoe people who send a
servant ilyiii'; to your ollice with, -Como
right away!' or' make tho telephone
jingle with, -Come as quick as you cant'
are suffering chiefly from fear and imagination.-"
Stroking his beard, the learned
medicine replied: "Well, I might safely
put it at two-thirds. When I arrive,
tho mero announcement that it is nothing
K'rious allays tho fear. Whilo 1 am
writing the' prescription nnd chatting
ple:isantly on somo other topic, tho last
st ago of "convalescence has been nearly
reached, and when I say, in an assuring
tone. 'Take this and you will bo all right
in the morning,' tho caso is settled." In
this connection the doctor was asked
what ho thought of tho "mind cure."
which n now making such a itirore.
"Medically speaking," ho replied, "it is
a humbug; but with patients whoso sup
posed sickness is 'all in tho mind,' it may
work." To this tho respondent sum
moned the courage to ask: "Well, doc
tor, if your estimate of the number of
lackada'isien and hypjchondriacs in tho
community be correct, why is not tho
mind healer a useful member of society,
seeing that to thojo who havo faith in
him he elTect.i as good results as you
minus tho drug?" Hero tho doctor
abruptly cut off. further debate; but to
the mind of the untutored layman the
latter question seems net so entirely out
of order. I3o -Aon Globe.
Wear ol" Hurry nml Worry.
Hurry and worry, which usually go
together, ruin mora live3 and destroy
more happiness than any umount of reg
ular, systematic labor." Any ono may
prove this for himself by noticing his
own sensations alter a season of hurried
mid agitated effort. The- fatigue and re
action tell forcibly on tlio strength and
vigor, and unlit hisa for subaeo,ueut
laoor. Certainly a life thus spent must
bo n Bhort and unsatisfactory one. It
would 1)0 well enough for each ono to
bear in mind that there i i always time
enough for him to do well all tliat ho is
called urKin to do at all. If he undertake
more than thii lio does injustice bota to
his work and to hiEUclf. On tlio other
hand, if lie waste tho timo which i3 in
trusted to him, let him not hope to atone
for it bv extra haste and hurry. hen
wo havo learned to avoid wasting time
on the one hand and crowding it on the
other wo shall liegin to appreciato ita truo
value. Philadelphia Public ledger.
Men Who V'nilerstnuil Horse.
It is astonishing how fow men thcro
nro who know anything nlxwt a horse.
There is no other animal that tho average
man is on such close and familiar rela
tions with, or that lio treats with Bitch a
gross ignoraneo of his peculiarities. That
uauister, now, has probably dono little
elso than drive a horso in thw intervals of
shoveling coal, lio certainly knows how
heavy his load is, and you would think
ho ought to know what tho horse can do,
IJut when his team gets stalled the only
way lie can thiuk of to lielp tho horso Is
to beat him. This i ono of the things
tliat ought to l taught iu our public
school, l would li.ve it maU9 a wsui-'.r
iuauch of study, und I know the liostler
who could furnish a text book. The
school of the Centaur on the iilatna of
Tlieasalv was indeed famous in us nay,
but that ww a lonx time nop, awl the
drivers of our oorJ enrts are not A polios.
THE "llORSlf EXCHANGE."
VISIT TO A NEW YORK MARKET FOR
BROKEN DOWN HORSES.
"lllggest Jlargaln of tlio Abo" Tlio
Dealer's rnvorllo nml tlio CiiBtomcr'n
lliine I ixinjj 1 1 Worn nut ilucKs Vit
rlouii TrleUs oT tlm Triulc.
Tlio Horso Kxchaiigc on Broadway and
tho sales stables on Twenty-fourth street nro
well known to nil New Yorkers who havo
nny knowledgo of horseflesh. Hut nway up
in Yorkvillo nt the foot ot east Sovcnty
fourth street thero is n placo v. hero horses
nro bought, sold nnd exchanged which nlno
tentlis of these knowin; Now Yorkcs novcr
heard of. Ilut every eddler who is rich
enough to, afford a horse, every farmer
wltliiu a radius of twenty-fivo miles of Kcw
York nnd every fourth rato horso dealer bus
been there, nnd with tho exception of tho
class last mentioned few caro to go thcro a
This peculiar institution is known ns tho
Horso Market. A moro appropriate titlo
for it would bo: "A market for broken down
horses," for that is really what it is, although
tho nstutc men who run it will nover ac
knowledge tho fact.
Between 2 and " o'clock In tho afternoon
the market is to be seen nt its best. A
stranger coming thero thou might well im
ngino himself in a lunatic, asylum. Tho
auctioneer is no lone;er regarded. Every
dealer is then an nuctiouer, albeit without a
license, and goes from group to group shout
ing: "Biggest bargain of tho age. Truo Ilam
blctoniau blood. Trots a mile in Q.CO. Kiuno
Horses that can hardly pull a pound aro
seen bv some magic influence, trotting llko
raco horses. Horses with all lands nnd torts
of diseases which, in tho whirl anil confusion,
nro concealed; horses with hoofs half eaten
nway; horses whom thighs seem out of joint;
blind horses; horses that are worn out from
old age; dozens nnd dozens of horses, but
not a sound ono in tho whole lot.
Tnn ncALcn's "dummy."
Among theso horse is ono that is tho
dealer 'h favorite nnd tho customer's bane.
In tho vernacular of tho horso market ho i3
termed a 'dummy." The relevancy of tho
'word H not apparent. Ho hn3 what aro
called "o:i" and "off" days. Ono dny ho is
as brisk nml liery n horso ns one would wish
to speed up tho boulevard on a day when tho
high Dyers aro out. Tho nest lay ho may
Iro unablo to pull a pounil or stand up in his
harness, or may give up tho ghost altogether.
Uis dUcaso is incurable, yet when ho is in
good spirits ho is a flno looking auinial and
nn cspcrt might hi fooled by him. It is no
wonder, therefore, that tho uvcrago buyer is
deceived in him. Thero aro ninny othr.-
good looking horses sold nt tho market, but
ns tho reporter was privately assured y u
dealer, who acted as his guide, not ono of
them is worth taking away.
As the reporter nnd tho artist wero stand
ing on tho outskirts of tlio busy throng u
meek looking man approached them.
"Say, mister," ho said to the reporter,
whoso apparent greenness hid evidently ini
pre&i'd him, "do you see that horse over
Following tho direction of the man's finger
tho reporter saw what appeared to lo a
spirited bay horse. A typ.cal jockey w as
riding him around to shoa- lis pood points,
whilo tho owner was haranguing a largo
"Nov, I'll toll ye," continued tho meek
man, confidentially. "I fcnow that horso
from 'way back. He's a pood tin. Ho's
got blood in him, that horse has, nn' I know
it. Now, tho man wot own3him nn' I is on
bad footins. Wo had u quarrel !.omo timo
ago about nlittlo bargin, an' so I don't wnnt
tcr bid ou 'im. But if you kin buy him fur
!jl7.r) I'll give yo an oven $200 for 'im. AVot
Tho reporter excused himself on tho ground
that ho had no funds with him, und tho man
went away disgusted.
"Clear skin game," said tho guide. "That
horso is a dummy. Ho may not livo two
days. You iay your en.h for him, und tho
other fel'.ow who said ho'd buy him from
you never turns up. You nover could catch
him, for you don't know his name, and if
you did ho'd get a dozen witnesses to provo
an alibi for him."
In front of ono of tho sales stables, which
wus locked, tho guide paused and knocked in
a peculiar way on tho door. It was opened
and tho party walked in. A wonderful
scene met their gaze. Bottler, buckets nnd
pails full of liquids and powders wero scat
tered everywhere. Thrco men with their
bloevcs rolled up to their armpits wcro busy
.inninrln' ti number of sickly horses. A
broken down hack was, in fifteen miuutcs,
transformed into a plunging, spirited horse.
ITn was nuicklv taken oiitontliogroiincsnuii
told at ten times his value to an innocent
bUKve'ry horso sold in tho market is "doc
tored" moro or loss, and tho effect whilo it
lasts is remarkable. All tho dealers n o
adepts at the revivifying r.rt. nnd ecu "fir.
up" a horwj in less timo than it tako?to tell.
A horse apparently sound was sold tho
other dny for 1115 to a farmer Imiling from
Long Island. Tho purcliabcr urove m.u u
tho eastern Boulovard on his v.-aj w
Ninety-ninth street ferry. Beforo ho had
gono llvo blocks tho horso began to blow ter
ribly. Ho proved to bo "a wheezcr," that
is, short winded, wueu tuo lunuei
turned ho could not llnd tho man ho had
bought of. Tho horso looked as though ho
would not outlive tho day.
'I'll givo you !V) for him for his bones,
saiil an uncouth roil shifted hot-stiiium.
Tho farmer, fearing that his hc.r.3 would
dio ou the journey, and just as fearrul of
bclug gnyod oven if ho did get him home,
accepted tho offer. Tlio purchaser was tho
partner of tho dealer who first rold tho horso.
Tho animal wa3 put unJcr tho doctors
treatment and resold tho samo day to an
other unsuspecting farmer for 40.
A cutsora in general voguo among tho
dealers is to provo tho strength of tho horso
by showing his drawing iwor. Tho wheels
of tho wagon to w'jichtho horso is harnessed
aro tied together so that thoy cannot revolve.
Then tho horso is forced to dra' tho wagon
with its load for nliout twenty-flvo feet.
Tho test is not a particularly good one.
Tho "persuader," which in horso market
pnrlaneo means man and whip, manages to
call for the animal's latent icrs in ono
ETtlrM' intervals the dealers aro them
selves tricked. A toan will sell them a horso
aud tho same day tho owner will appear and
claim that hi hired wan has stolen tho 1 orso
T , ,T wnv. Ho has no difficulty in i.len-
Jifvhi" tho horse, Iweuusa hi partmr in Uw
iS tal kept track of him. Tho drfer to
eui ' ,i i,as no chance of
, iV(( u.) tho amaiai w , .
to gt o u.i i.i . wbcu ,
V a rule, wueu lio
combination nc!S 5th , very
Uw require, a J2hJ York YVorld.
tut it i gphton given- aaw
,tafcG in a muta but significant language