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About The Oregon scout. (Union, Union County, Or.) 188?-1918 | View Entire Issue (April 23, 1887)
JONES & CHANCEY, Publishers
If I mot you fnco to fncc,
Maiden fnlr and full of grnco.
I thould bow nnd doff my hat.
Say "your servant," and all that.
Vhilo I watched your pretty ways, .
I could only smllo nnd pnilso;
And you'd never dream your lover
Could a flaw In you discover.
Hut I'm bolder, lady mine.
Hid behind St. Vnlentlne;
And I'll count vou one, two, threo
Faults that I can plainly see.
Onco I saw a tempest riso,
Clouding o'er your pretty eyes,
When a guest ramo to tho door,
Who was old and sad, nnd poor.
Once I saw you turn away,
With n cold and frcotful nay.
When your llttlo brother camo
IK'ft'lnK for soma childish gamo.
Once I saw you sit at case,
With a book upon your knows.
While your mother patient saint
Did your work without complaint.
Ah ! my protty Valentine.
K'ro I ask you to bo mine,
I must know that lovely fnco
Shines with moro than surfaco graco;
That your captivating art
Docs not hide a careless heart.
Lest when tresses brown grow whlto, '
Kycs get dim which now nro bright,
Ago and trouble romo apace.
Stealing beauty from your fuco,
I should bitterly repine
Choosing you my Valentine.
Kllzalitth. '. Allfn, In X. Y. Inilfptntlenl.
the "gSlb 'oFwjiist.
Playod for 150 Yonrs "According
to Edmond Hoylo."
Originally CiiIIimI "U'IiIhU." It vim rinyoil .
by Helioluin Until lln.vl .Modlllod It
unit .Mucin It !o Among
To bo nt onco tho least known nnd tho
most fiiinoiis person in thu'wholo world;
to louvo it liiiniu which forever nmiiins
n synoiryin for aui'iiraoy and antliority,
nnd which is dairy on tho tongues of
thousands of people; to have written a
work which is ranked anion;; English
classics and considered indisponsabio
to uvery well-furnished library, is tho
unique position accorded to Edmond
Hoylc, Gent Ionian. There are probably
no readers of tho Herald who have not
ofton referred to him as antliority, for
to say that a tiling is "according to
Hoylc," moans that it is exactly right
or correct, and js applied to many
things besides games of cards. And
yet there aro probably but few persons
$v1iq 'uso this phraso who liavo any
knowledge whatever of tho man tlioy
It is moro than two centuries now
fiinco tills distinguished individual first
saw tho light of day. Ho was born in
England in 1072, and was educated as
n lawyer. In his earlier years the
game of whist as yet was not known,
hut there was a game named whisk, a
very inferior unil plebeian sort of game,
which also Vent by the name of swab
liers. It contained the possibilities of
tho royal game, but ij had not yet
reached tho purple. It was played by
four persons, to whom twelve cards
oncli were dealt, so that tho beauties of
tho "old trick" wereliot involved, and
tho points were nine. Certain cards at
some period of tiio game wore entitled
to sweep tho board, honco the name
of whisk, a small broom or sweep.
Most people think wo call tho gamo
whist because it is a silent game, and
most' of tho dictionaries tell us tho
name is so derived, but this is an error.
It is merely a corruption
of the original name of tho game, thus
modiiied when it was first introduced
into polite society. Kdiuond Hoylc,
lawyer and gentleman, had a greater
genius for games than for law. Ho
was probably of tho same mind as the
lawyer mentioned by llulwor in "Cax
toniana." "I can,", said tho latter,
"make JWOO a yearat my profession with
much pain and dilllculty. I can make
tho same amount at whist without great
lalMir ami .with much pleasure. 1,
therefore, prefer whlsi."
Hoylo abandoned tho law, took up
whist, and beoamo immortal, and moro
thnn fifty years after his death Hyron
Troy owes to Ilouiur what whist owes to Hoylo,
Ho seems to have tudiodthogamoof
whist for many years, and thus learned
its great capabilities. Ho enlarged its
scope by playing with tho entire pack,
fixing the gamo at ten points, lie was
a man of good education, moved
in good society, and ho soon made
tho game fashionable. Ho gave it a
permanent, logical, and scientitioform,
called it whist, drew it from its ob
scurity, and gave it an uiithontio station
in tho polite world. This was about
the year 17:10.' He became so skillful a
player that people sought 1dm as a
teacher, and in tho course of his teach
ing ho wrote out notes containing rules
and directions for playing, which ho
sold to his pupils. In .JoluiMin's "Ram
bler," published in 17.'0, a tlno lady is
mado to say: "Papa mado mo drndgo
t wliKt until I was tired of it; and, far
from wanting a head,. Mr. Hoylo, when
ho had not given me above forty lessons,
said I was one of his best scholars." In
tho (if ntloiiuin's Magazine for February,
17,'i.V in an autobiography, tho writer
Hoylo tutored mo in several games
The novelty and grunt value of tlmu
muuiiceript rules wvvtt moii discovered,
and MiiTuptittous ixipitM bejfun to got
into elriMilatlon, whn Mi. Hoylo, to so.
uiiiv Ids copyright, had thorn published
in 171.1. ami In that wa the famous
wlirk o 1,'u.atiMl. it was entitled "A
stiort trentiso on tho gamo of whist.
Containing tho laws of tho gamo and
also some rules whoroby a beginner
may, with duo attention to them, at
tain to the playing 'it well. Calcula
tions for those who will bet tho odds on
any point of tho scoro of tho game then
playing and defending. Cases stated
to show what may bo effected by a very
good player in critical parte of the
game.' Calculations directing with
moral certainty how to play well any
hand or jramo, with variety of cases
added in tho appendix. 15y a gentle
Tho book had a great and rapid suc
cess. Edition after edition was sold,
and Hoylo received one thousand
pounds tho first j'ar. Ho states in
this "Short Treatise" that lie has
framed an artificial memory for whist
players, which ho will coinmunicato
upojt payment of a guinea, and that ho
will explain any case in tho book upon
payment of ono guinea more. Later
editions contain his system of mem
ories, but good players say it is of no
great value. Jt consists of a mode of
arranging tho suits in your hand that a
koon-oyoA opponent may often detect.
J he elleet of Hovlo s promulgation
of the game in its improved form ex
cited a good deal of satire. In tho
same year, 1h'j, there was published a
witty and amusing piny on "J lie
Humors of Whist; a Dramatic Satire,
as Acted hvery J Jay at V Into s and
Other Colleo Houses.1' It is
a short comedy, tho prin
cipal characters being Prof. Whiston
(Hoylc), who gives lessons in the game;
Sir Calculation l'uzzle, an enthusiastic
player, who muddles his head witli
Hoyle's calculations and always loes;
pupils, sharpers and their dupes. The
object is chiefly to ridicule tho preten
sions of Hoylc and tho enthusiasm of
his followers, and to show that skill
and calculations art! of no avail against
bad luck or fraud. Hoylo had given
out that lie had spent forty years in its
study, and the prologue says:
Who would bcliove that man could o'er exist,
Who spent near half an ago In studying whist?
Grow gray with calculation, labor hard,
As if life s business centered In a card?
That such there Is. lot me to those appeal,
Who with such liberal hands reward his zeal,
So! whist he iniiUcs a science, and our peers
Deign to turn schoolboys In their riper years.
Sir Calculation Puz.lo gives some
amusing explanations of his loses. He
"J hut certainly was tho most out-of-
tho-way bito over heard of. Upon tho
pinch of tho game, when ho must in
fallibly have lost it, tho dog ate the los
ing card, bv which moans we dealt
again, and faith lie won tho game.'
Another passage is: "I find, Professor,
your hook does not teach now to beat
four by honors. In my opinion tjiere
is still something wanting to complete
tho svslem of whist, and that is a dis
sertation on tho luck1 chair." In i d
tlitiou to whist Hoylo also wrote
treatises on quadrille, piquet, chess,
backgammon and brag.
Hoylc now became tho celebrity ho
lias continued to bo down to our own
day. His book, not himself, is fro-
oiionuy mentioned in tno literature oi
the eigteenth century. In "Tom
Jones" Lord Follinnr says; -! happened
to come homo several hours before
my usual time, when I find four gen
tlemen or the cloth (servants) at whist
by my lire; and my Hoylc, sir, ntv
best Hoylc, which cost me a guinea,
iying open on the table, with a quanti
ty of porter spilt on one of tho most
material leaves of the whole book.'
An epic poem on whist by Alexander
Thompson appeared in 1791, which
contains an apostrophe to this spirit of
Hut why thus vainly hesitates the Muo,
In Idle doubt what guardian power to cliuse?
What power so well can aid her daring toll,
As the blight spirit of Immortal Hoylo?
lly whoso enlightened eltorts Whist became
A sober, serious, siionlllli! gamo.
Tho poet thus goes on to supposo
that tho shadowy ghost of Hoylo still
hovers around tho tempting boards
arrayed in green.
Still with delight its favorite gamo regards,
,Aud, though It plays no more, o'orlooks tho
Tho laws of the game, as propounded
by Hoylo in 17-lii. remained the only
recognized authority until 18lil, when a
committee oi tne irreat wnist duos oi
London revised tho old code and added
oine new laws. Hovle's laws arc,
howover, tho basis. Whether the gamo
of whist, if well followed, promotos
longevity, may bo ,a question, but it is
certain Mr. Hoylo is an examplu that it
does. Ho died in London on t ho 21) th
of August, 17GD, at tho ago of ninety
seven. The papers of the day notice
his death, and state that ho was well
known in the polite world, and that ho
lived to sec his troutifo on whist paw
through no less than thirteen editions.
And thus, full of years and honors, and
secure of immortal fame, passed away
the father of whist, Edmond Hoylo.
-Snitliu (In his own estimation tho
rising poet) All, do you know, Miss
Hracing, that my fancies always como
to me in mv dreams? Miss llraclng-
Yes, that is, perhaps, why they make
other people so sleepy. Suillln, after a
moment s hesitation, concluded that it
would bo well to rotiro for a while.
A". Y, Telegram.
A boy can walk four miles to rro
skating, and drag tumo other fellow's
sister all tho way on a sled, but when
nts mother wants him to bring up a
bug of crackers from tho grocery his
kidneys aro so weak that ho darson't.
Hurlingan Fret Press,
In a pistol light at Tin Cup. Col.,
a bpeiit bullet struck Tom Connors in
the mouth and knocked out ono tooth.
Thu tooth Ml to the floor, but Tom
swallowed the bullet before ho know
.h.tt h id bit him.
PITh AND POINT.
An engraver recently mado this
m'stako: "Mr. and Mrs. respect
fully request your nrcsonts at tho mar
riage of thoir daughter."
Tho world now makes uso of 08.
WO miles of submarine cables, mostly
for tho purpose of advertising travel
ing actresses and announcing tho deaths
of people nobody overheard of. Lowell
Jenks: "Do you think Miss Ljibclio
is protty?" Minks: "No, she is not
pretty?" "I must confess 1 think hor
beautiful?" "Well, 1 did. too. but I
asked my wife and she sa d I was mis
taken." Philadelphia Call
Employer to Clerk. "I don't ob
ject to your going to a funeral once in n
wn 10; out l tuinic vou might bring mo
homo a lish or two."" Sunblush on tho
end of tho clerk's noso extends rapidly
to ins cars. uoxuury Advocate.
A gentleman camo homo in tho
wco sma' hours avnnt tho twnl." at
tho South End, recently, and was sur
prised to find his wlfo clad in black.
"Why aro vou wearing those mourning
garments?" ho said, somewhat un
steadily. "For my late husband." was
the significant reply, lie has been m
tho house at ton ever since. Boston
-Woman is rapidly trenching upon
tho domain of man, and tho time will
no doubt soon como when sho will
havo monopolized all tho trades, pro
fessions and occupations. When that
happy day comes, man will occupy tho
proud position of tho Indian bravo,
nnd hare nothing to do but look hand
some and keep tho women at work.
Tho lot of tho coming man will bo a
happy one. Chicago Inter-Ocean.
-It was at a ball, and tho subicct
under discussion was vanity, a lady
maintained that men wore also given
somewhat to vanity. "The men aro
ten times moro vain than the ladies,"
she remarked. "I hat's impossible."
sa d several gentlemen. Tho subicct
changed, and a lew minutes later tho
ladv remarked: "J'lie handsomest man
in tho room has a spot on his white
vest," whereupon ovorv gentleman
within neariiig-gianceii down with a
scared expression of countenanco at
Viis vest. Texan Sif'tints.
Man that Ik married to a woman Is of
days anil lull of trouble.
In the morning ho draws his salary, and in
lioliold, It Is gone!
It Is a tulo that Is told ;
It Is vanished, and uo man knows whlthor It
lie lisetli up clothed In tho chilly garments
Of thu nlulit
nil Hi'eketli tho somnolent paregoric.
Whuio to soothe his Inliint posterity.
Ho coiiieth us n horso or ox,
nd driiweth tho chariot of his offspring.
(le snoiideth the shekels in thu purchase of
To cover tho bosom of his family;
Vet himself Is seen at the gates of tho city
With one suspender.
Yea, ho is altogether wretched.
A correspondent says ho never loolu
at an asphalt pavoinont or rolls along
over its smooth surface in a carriage
without thinking of tho cur ous islan 1
and tho still moie singular . place from
winch tho material is prodr-d. In
about tho center of tho island of Trini
dad, a dot in tho Caribbean Sea, just
oil' t lie coast of Venezuela, thcio is an
asphalt lake. It, is said to cover about
I(K) acres, and is apparently inexliatist.
ihlc. it is a Hack, sandy substance,
and is believed to ho crude rotten pe
r doiiin. A s ngular feature of tho
substance is that, although about, o0.
)oi ions aro taen out ot tli s lake an
nually, it constantly tills up. so that
the c is no lessening of tho supplv.
I'his .singular lake of paving nia.cr J
s owned I y tho Venezuelan (iovern
iicni, Lut is leased to a company it:
tishiugton. They huvu a licet id
.schooners running to Trinidad, and.
1 1 'iv ng a monopoly of thu business,
tlioy import vast quantit'w of tho ma
terial. tJiicuqo Herald
How a Clothes Peddlor Brought Wealth to a
BAMBOO CULTURE. "
Burmese and Siamese Cities Literally Itulit
The Chincso have developed bamboo
culture into quite an art, and can pro
duce it black as well as yellow. Tho
Emperor of tho Chinese, has an officer
whose business it is to look after his
This grass tree is found in all tropical
and sub-tropical regions, both in tho
eastern and western hemispheres.. An
attempt has been made in England, and
with some success, to raise a dwarf spe
cies found at an altitude of 12,000 feet
in the Himalaya mountains. The now
world furnishes bamboo of the greatest
diameter. The stems are usually very
slender, but in tho northwestern part
of South America is found one species
with a diameter of sixteen inches. The
Chincso put this plant to a greater va
riety of loses than any other people. So
wo w;ill see something of what they do
with tins remarkable production.
Some kinds of it when it first shoots
upfront the groiyid arc used as a vege
table as wo use asparagus, or it can bo
pickled in vinegar or made into delicious
sweetmeats. The plant has to bo thirty
years oui to oiossom, then it Dears a
great profusion of seeds and dyes,
These seeds can bo used like rice, and s
kind of beer is also made from them.
In 1812 severe famine in portions of
China was prevented by tho sudden
blossomingof a great number of bamboo
trees. Tho stems of all tho varieties aro
remarkably siliciou. One kind found
in Java is so hard, that it strikes fire
when the hatchet is applied to it. This
has only a very slender stem, which is
polished and ued as stems- for tobacco
pipes. This protean tree furnishes ma
terial for. houses, boats, cordage, sails
of vessels, telescopes, aqueduct pipes,
waterproof thajchiug, clothing, water
wheels, fences, chairs, tables, book
cases, boxes, hats, umbrellas, shields,
-pears and paper. Tho pith is used for
lamp wicks, so there is no part of it
that can not be used for something.
From sonic of it exquisite carvings, in
laid with gold and silver, are cut, that
exceed in beauty the ivory carvings,
for which tho Chinese aro so famed.
Heeently it lias been put to another
use. Mr.Ediso;i lias found that the
carbonized libers of the bamboo furnish
the best material for the incandescent
electric lamp, and lias made use of it in
his system of lighting.
In llurnittli and Siain, whole cities aro
built from bamboo. These houses arc
made in pieces, lashed together, and
invariably raised on posts .several feet
high. Think of a city on stilts! Cor.
NOT A DBUG.
Compound Oxygen is not a time. It
does not Introduce an enemy into the sys
tem, but a kind and gracious healer. It
does not assault or depress nature, as is
always the case when crude drugs are
taken, but conies to her assistance nnd ro
nton b her weakened vital forces. All of
Its effect are gentle, pervading and vital
izing. If you are suffering from any di
sease which your physician has fai ed to
cure, send to Drs. bTAUKKY & Palkn.
1529 Arch Street, Philadelphia, for their
pamphlet, and learn an about this won-
Orders for the Compound Oxygen Home
treatment will be tinea ny II. A. Alatliews,
Ulo i'owell street, ban t ranclsco.
BUPTUBE PERMANENTLY CURED.
We will pay your fare from any part of
United States to Portland and hotel expenses
while hero if wo do not produce indisputablo
evidence from well-known bankers, doctors,
lawyere, merchants and farmers as to our re
liability In the cure of rcdueeable rupture or
hernia, without knife, needlo or sharp instru
ment. You are secure against accident from
tho Srst day until cured, and the cure guaran
teed permanent or money refunded. 1 ou can
work every day, no matter whnt your occupa
tion, without, danger or inconvenience. Con
sultations free. Ulllce hours from 10 to I dally.
Correspondents will enclose stamp for reply
and address Drs. Forden & Luther, rooms 8 and
9. First National bank, Portland, Oiegon.
Mention this paper.
In the Catholic church of the United
CnAn ',. . ...... ...Jln.l 1 .J n .
bishops, 01 bishops, 7,uV)S priests, l.ottO y WM gaV! ,
ecclesiastical stuucnis, u,tuu cnuicnes,
'.281 chtels. liO tt-eolocical seminaries.
88 colleges, fl)3 academics, 4&. charitable
institutions. 2,097 parcchinl schools and
5'.!') 72T) pupils in attendance at these
When she was a Child, she crlod for Castorla,
When sho became Miss, Bho clung to Castorio,
When shehad Children, she gavo them Caatoria.
M.V A SUGGESTION TGvTHE TRAVELING
Tourists, cinitrntnts nnd mariners flr.d that
Hobtetter's btomuch Hitters Is a medicinal
safeguard ngaiiibt unhenlthful inlluences, up
on which tney can implicitly rely, feince it pre
vents the etleele of vitiated atmosnherc. unac
customed or unw holesome diet, bud water, or
otner conditions uniuvorauiu to Health, un
long voyages, or journeys in latitudes adjacent
to tho collator, it is especially useful as u tireven-
live of the febrile complaints und disorders of I
the stomach, liver and bowels, which ate apt
to aiuicK natives oi tne temperate zone so
journing or traveling in such regions, und it is
an excellent protection ngnmsl the inlluence of
extreme com, Bunnell changes or temperature.
exposure to damp or extreme fatigue. It not
only prevents intermittent nnd remittent fever.
and other discuses of a malurial tvue. but
eradicates them, a fact which has been notor
ious for years past in Jsoith nnd South Amer
ica, Mexico, the West Indies, .Vusttalia and
Piso's Remedy for Catarrh is agreeable
to use. It is not a liould or a snuir. 50c.
iry oreaining iumes ot turpentine or
carbolic acid to relieve whooping cough.
THE NATIONAL DISEASE D0YTNED.
Hundreds of so-called diseases under
various names are the result of indiges
tion, and when this one trouble is removed
the others vanish. The best known
remedy for indigestion, according to
thousands of testimonials, is one that has
been used in the United States for moru
than fifty years liKANintinii's Pills.
These Pills will cure the worst form of
indigestion or djspepsiu. and by their use
tne national disease ib easily conquerea.
Tin-out lietises commence with
a Cough. Cold, or Sore Throat. "Brown's
Bronchial uroches" give immediate re
lief, bold only in boxes. Price 2n cts.
Go to Towne & Moore when In Portland
for best Photographic and Cravon work.
Tnv Germea foi-breaktast.
RELIGIOUS AND EDUCATIONAL-
Gabriel Karsky rang tho bell. His
business was that of a second-hand
clothes-dealer and tho bell was that of
No. 20 Liberty street, whero David
Cohen, a capitalist, resided. Karsky
kept a littlo stully shop at !!'15 Sixth
street and ofton in tho pursuit of bis
calling ho took a turn in tho fresh air
and gathorcd up old garments to be
furnished up as now. Gabriel had
ofton rang tho bell at No. 20 Liborty
street and when ho did so this rainy
afternoon, about a month ago and
Mrs. Cohen ciune to the tloor sho said,
plcasantlv, "Nothing to sell to-dav
'I have though" said Karsky, draw
ing a crumbled paper from his pocket,
"I've got a Louisiana lottery ticket
hero and that is a coupon of ticket
7:i,'.)S7, and I want to sell it." Mrs.
Cohen, however, would have nothing
to 'do with tho coupon, Kartky in
sisted and tho argument went on un
til Mr. Cohon impatiently shouted
from tho sittingTooni to take tho cou
pon, give tho man a dollar and lot him
go. Tho ticket and Mrs. Cohen's dol
lar changed places and Gabriel pocket
ing tho pieco wont on his way in the
quiet contentment of small profits.
On tho Kith of robrunry tho list of
prizes was published in tho Chronicle,
and Mrs, Cohon looking over it with
mild curiosity, saw with amazement
that ticket No. 7:1,1)87 had drawn the
first capital prize, ami that her coupon
was worth iflfi.OOO. Sho collected the
money through Wells, Fargo it Cp's
bank, and remembering tho circum
stances of he purchase, sent Karsky
This was not. tho only sudden for
tune that came to San Francisco from
Now Orleans last month. Another,
tenth of tho first capital prixo was j
drawn horo; if'J.uou came in a lump to
an old woman who held a connon of
ticket No. 1 1,105, and two young men
witii Murphy, Giut k Co., have bo
como $5,000 richer by holding a cou
pon of ticket 15,151, which drew tho
second canital nriao. fSan Vrunuisco . an' th
A Druggist Iteveulu Some or the Secrets
of the (iiimlillng-Sliitrper.
"A man to be a successful card
player must have extraordinary sharp
eyes," remarked a druggist of this citv.
" 1 have had an opportunity to oh
serve a thing or two."
"Do you ever play?"
"Never. Hut card-sharps have go'
mo to make blue and red ink of tip
saino hue as that ou die backs of tin
cards generally used in pokor. Tho
can make a line blue lino on the had
of a blue deck that I couldnn't possibh
see, and yet they can distinguish it
across this counter. They can do tin
same with a red mark on a red deck
I take ti cork, hollow it out and fill i
with ti prepared ink that is, when dry.
hard as the cork itself. Tho corks, ou
filled with 1)1 no ink anil the other with
red, aro kept in tho vest pocket of tin
player. hen lie desires to mark a
card he has but to moisten ono of hi
fingers by putting it in his mouth and
then touch tho ink in one of his corks.
The card to be marked is touched in the
desired spot while tiio card is being
handled in the ordinary progress of the
"Vou say that you have mado many
such inks for patrons?"
"Lots of them for professional poker
players. 1 made a set for a man once
who went lvist and played poker at the
watering places. He came back witlt a
big bundle of money and went into
legitimate business hero, but failed. He
lost all ho had made playing marked
"How comes it that a man who
would want inks prepared for tho pur
pose of cheating at cards would tell you
"Those who told me knew jno well,
and 1 had their conlidence. They knew
that I would not divulge their names
for any tiling in tho world. There aro
firms that make a business to furnish
short-card .sharks with prepared inks,
and they advertise them through tho
medium of circulars. Their charge is
five dollars a bottle for a small vial half
as big as your linger. They got the
names of poker-players in all of tho
cities that they can, 'and mail them the
circulars, setting forth tho advantage
of playing with the use of the inks ad
vertised. And they get many a cus
tomer, too." Cincinnati Enquirer.
(Gal.) Chronicle, Mnroh ,
Mostly a Native.
"Vou aro a native of this parish?"
asked a Scotch shoritVof a witness who
was summoned to testify in a caso of
illicit distilling. "Maistly, yor honor,"
was tho reply. "I mean, were you born
in this parish?" "Na, yr Honor; I
wasna born in this parish, but I'm
maist a native, for a' that." Vou camo
here when you were a child, I supposo
you mean?" said the sherilV. "No, sir;
I'm just hero about sa year noe."
"Then how do you oome to Im iic-wly a
titttivcof the pariahP" "Wwl, yo W,
whan I cam' haiv, sax year sin I jut
wolghl eight stane. an'' I'm fully soveu
ten stain's no, .o c s,.,. tlt.tt about
uin' stain- me lu-l.oigs t' this parish
itii.'t- eight , fi.n- i.m
The in nutcsof tho last Presbyterian
General Assemblv show that 115 of
their churches last vear received addi
tions of 50 and over each.
Two or three clergymen in Brook
lyn introduced tho practice of giving
brief talks to tho children betoro begin
ning tho morning sermon. Brooklyn
Rome papers report that tho Pope
m tonus to establish a groat university in
tho Latoran Palace. Tho head of tho
Universitias Leonina is to bo tho Jesuit
Tho Chinaman in America is being
moro and moro cared for. According
to the Now York Tribune "twontv-two
Chinese missions liavo been established
in Now York and Brooklyn since 1878,
and are in a flourishinjrcond tion. What
is more, a largo proportion of tho con
In an articlo published in tho Nou-
velle Jlevue, a French traveler declares
that there is scarcely a villajro in Syria
w tliout a l rotcstant church: moro than
ono may bo found even in tho gorges of
Mount llormon. At Isovrout there is a
German hosp tal and American univer
sity, where tiio most practical sciences
aro taught, especially that of medicine.
"A Century of Protestant Missions,"
is tho title of a book published in Fug-
land by tho Kev. James Johnston. It
makes tho startling estimate that while
3,000,000 converts have been added to
tho churches, thero aro now 200,000,000
moro heathen in tho world than there
were when Protestant missions began a
hunilrcil years ago. a. J. Witness.
Tho Illustrated Christian Wecklu fol
lows up tho remarks of President Eliot,
of Harvard, in denunciation of tho ten
dency to extravagance that seems to bo
increasinr among vollegians with some
appropriate remarks of his own. Owing
to this extravagance, tho scale of ex
penditure is raised to all, and it will
cost tho frugal student of to-dav from
50 to 100 per cent, moro than it did their
equally frugal fathers to tako a college
course in similar comfort.
In Brazil aro found tho best schools
In South Aiucrca. Tlioy aro divided
m o three grades the primary, the
secondary, and the technical schools.
Tho first two correspond to tho various
grade- of our public schools. There is
but ono institution in tho country cor
rcsnond mr to nnr eollei'O. munch.
"College Don Pedro 11." in Hio do
Janc'ro. Tho lower schools at e 'free,
and the law even demands compulsory
Tho Bishop of Rochester dooj not
approve of tho popular clamor for brief
sermons. "Do not," he advises his
ecclesiastical subordinates, "readily
give in to what is ofton only a worldly
cry forsh rt sermons. ou need a
groat deal moro exporionco than you
can claim now for making a fiftcon
minutes' sermon that shall bo roally
useful. Hither so much will bo com
pressed into it that it will become load
ed and obsouro, or what is perhaps
moro likely, so littlo will g- into it that
it will bo impossible to enduro it."
Tho figures laid before tho Metho
dist conference show the steady growth
ot uio.Mciiiouist t hurch in C anada.
Ilio membership is placed at 11)7,479.
Thoro are 1,010 mmisters and proba
tioners, lho tfiureh has property to
tho value of $0,975,013. Tho number
of SundHy-schoals is 2,G75, with an at
tendance ot lyl, ISA. Sabbath-school
papers have a cireulat on oP22lJ,6S9.
Tho work of temperance, according to
mo rop 'i t oi tho statistics yomm ne i,
has boon carried on onorgoticiallv. as is
witnessed bv the faet that -IG.iiSO .Sun-
day-sohool scholars havo taken the total
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N P. N U. Xo. 174 -S. F. N. U. No. 251.