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About The Oregon scout. (Union, Union County, Or.) 188?-1918 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 11, 1886)
rnoariEss ix AanicuLTunn
CHICAGO IS AFTEll IT.
TltEGOVEllXOI! WILL HEAD IT.
A DELEGATE IS COSGIIESS.
THE CO.GUESMt.AL ..II. (St2.
Jtefcrenec Thereto hy Commissioner Coleman
i n Ills Animal Report.
Washington dispatch: Norman Colmnn,
commissioner ot agriculture, to-day sub
mitted lils second annual report to tlio
president. IIo describes in general terms
tlio progress inndo in ngriculturo during re
rent ycnra and the conditions which con'
tribute to mnko this "the best fed nation
on the globe." Ho sots forth nt length the
benofits derived nnd to bo expected from
agricultural experiments. The stations
'nnd colleges of the several states are con
stnntly urged to enlarge experiments, nnd
often find themselves striking "new leads
which they cannot follow, all for want of
ineaiiR. Hence, general interest in tho bill
now before congress "for the establishment
of agricultural experimental stations in
connnection with ngricultiirrnl colleges,"
and tho prevalent opinion of its import
ance and tho desire foritsonrly enactment.
.No measure, no says, is now pending, or
proposed, of greater import, or bearing a
brighter promise of deep-seated nnd lasting
lienefits to the agricultural interest of the
I nited Slates and all their branches. In
commenting upon the work of the bureau
of animal industry, lie describes the spread
of pleuro-pnoumoiiin, and says:
Every effort possible under existing laws
Jins ueon made to locnte the disensed ittu
iiiuIh and isolate all that liavo been ex
posed. It would have been most fortunate
if every animal exposed to disease and
liable to contract it could have been sum
ninrily slaughtered and tho contagion thus
orndiotcd. With a disease of this character
nt Chicago it has been truly said that tho
tattle industry of this country lias reached
h crisis. There enn be no doubt that it
will lio Boon nnd widely disseminate unless
prompt nnd clfecttial action can bo msti
tuteri for its speedy suniiressiou. J'ven
now it may have been scattered to some
extent in tho est, nnd tho investigation
of next yenr will probably bring other out
breaks to light. The matter is a most im
portant one, overshadowing in urgency nil
others effecting our agricultural population,
rind vital interest also to every consumer
of beof, of milk, of butter, and of cheese.
To prevent tho spread of this scourge, which
bus already greatly affected our foreign
nnd iiiter-Htntd commerce, additional legis
Jution by congress is now essential. Much
valuable work has already been dono in
Maryland and tho danger of dissemination
of contagion from that Btnte has been
gieutly lessened. No work has been dono
in t lie state of New York because it was
Tvidont that the appropriation was not
Millleieiit to secure any favorable results
theio on account of the infection. Tho di
rense also exists in New .lersey, Pennsyl
vania and Virginia, but tho authorities
have not yet accepted tho rules and regu
lations of the department of co-operation.
I greatly regret t lie necessity of niiuouncing
the existence of thisdnngerous disease over
nch a wide, area, but the serious results to
be apprehended from it make it imperative
that the truth should bo known in order
that such legislative action may bo taken
as is indicated by the emergency.
I'pon forestry lie says there is practic
ally no reproduction attempted or forest
planting dono worth mentioning in compar
ison with the enormous annual consump
tion. As tho first step of reform, undoubtedly,
tho land policy of the Tinted .States, in the
nmbeied lemons, remures a change accord
ins to tho conditions of tho localities, lie-
sides the good example which tho govern
ment mny set in taking better euro of its
own timber lauds, it might appropriately
extend its operations by planting on a
largo scale in bodies of several contiguous
ectious in the treeless stntes and terntoi
;es of the west. Tho military reservations
in these stntes. owned bv tho general gov
eminent, would form a most desirable field
of operation. Only by such extensive
planting can n desirable modification of
tho extremes of climate on tho western
plains lie expected.
Tho commissioner calls attention to the
need of a fund to lie used in sending special
ists to foreign countries in response to in
vitations to take part in scientific investi
gations of all sorts, lie thinks reports
inndo from a standpoint of tho needs of
this country, instend of from a foreign
viow would bo very valuable.
THE STA TE OF THAU 11.
A Fairly Good Showing In all Lines of JJiui
Special telegrams to Brndstreet's record'
rather less activity in tho movement of
general merchandise, although at Chicago
there has been an increasing volumo of
sales, particularly of dry goods, and in a
less noteworthy degree at St. Paul, Minne
apolis, Milwaukee and Burlington. Tho
aggregate of sales in staple lines lias been
curtailed, of course, by intervening hoii
lnys. The restricting trade has been more
conspicuous at eastern contrcs, owing to
the decline in tho number of mail orders re
ceived and to the notable absence of in
terior merchants. At Chicago there is less
demand for funds for manufacturing nnd
commercial enterprises, buta largo demand
Tor grain nnd other speculative ventures.
At Cincinnati funds are flowing back
from tho country, and at Milwaukee
they continue to go westward, but
in diminished volume. Prices in most
lines are sustained, and tho outlook for
heavy. weight woolens continues bright.
Prints, however, liavo declined Jc from Sljjc.
After a month of extreme firmness stocks
liavo increased of late. The special tobac
co crop report to linulstreet's indicates
that tho western leaf crop will nggro.jnte
about 2:15,000 hogsheads, against 250,000
hogsheads in 1885; that there has been 11
decline in tho yield of nbout HO per cent in
tho bright Virginia nnd North Carolina leaf,
and of about 10,000,000 pounds, or nearly
10 per cent, in tho need-lent crop, mainly
through tho falling off in Wisconsin ngainst
the output of Inst year. The speculative
breadstuff trade are realizing mom fully
the long-claimed strength of tho statistical
position of wlieat, but thus fnr. in spite of
that fact nnd continued heavy exnortH. tho
price ot the cereal does not ndvunco much.
AS OFFICE GOES ItEOaiXG,
Wnshington dispatch: The president is
cxperencing some difficulty in filling tho ot
flee ot United States district attorney for
the eastern district ot Wisconsin. A. K.
Delaney, the former incumbent, resigned
the oflice at the suggestion ot the presiJent,
In order to accept the democratic nomina
tion to congress from the Second district
of Wisconsin, now represented bv Goneral
Bragg. The election resulted in his defeat,
And he lins since mad formal nppl cation
to Attorney-General Garland for reap
pointment ne United States district at
torney. Some time ago the president ten
dered the position to Gene.-nl Bragg, and
alter some delay received a letter from him
saying that it would be impossible for him
to accept. The office was then tendered to
another prominent lawyer of Wisconsin
and he, too, denlined with thanks.
Judge Anthony, of Chicago, has sentenced
to three year in the penitentiary a handsome
joung Scotchman, a graduate of the Univer
sity of Edinburgh, who baa been robbing
fashionable boardiug-houses In New York and
Terrible Explosion of a Coal Mine In VennsyU
Wilkesbnrro (Pa.) special: At ten min
utes past 7 o'clock this morning a ter
rible explosion ot fire dump occurred in the
Conynghiim shaft, owned nnd operated by
the Delaware & Hudson Caunl company,
and located in the Second wnrd of this city.
Tlie black breaker rises in tho centre of a
field, oft a mine road which was to-dny
covered with six inches of snow. About
fifty men had gono into the mine nnd were
sitting in groups nbout the bottom ot the
shaft, which is nearly S00 feet below the
Mirfnce, waiting for orders to go to work.
No work had been dono yesterday on
account of Tlinnksg'tving. While the miners
were engaged in general chats nbout the
happy holiday, tho thundering report ofnn
explosion rang through tho dnrk corridors
mid in a second the frantic men hurried to
the foot of the shaft, all anxiously peering
upwnrds. In less time than it takes to tell
it t lie deadly gas llamo circled around their
heads and ngonizing screams rout the air.
Many fell nt oaco in a heap, while others
less injured dropped on their kness and
stuck their blistered heads into the
stream of water that ran along tiie gang
way. Tho fact that the men were in such
close proximity to the shaft rendered their
reniovnl to tho surface an expeditious mat
ter; in two hours nil were safely taken up.
As they camo up to tho surface, two or
three at a time, the horror-stricken crowds
nt tho mouth of the shaft peered anxiously
at tho faces of the men. It was impossible
to recognize nny of them nt that time. In
somo instances tho skin had boon ripped off
in masses, leaving the purple exposed,
which in turn wus begrimmed with conldiri
to an extent that inndo the facile d sfigure
inent horrible. As each man was lifted
from the cage a thick blanket was thrown
completely over him nnd ho was hurried
away to tho neighboring offices. Some
were taken to their homes. All sorts of
conveyances were sent to the scone. Many
of the sufferers were passed into common
coal carts and jolted over rickety roads
and pavements. Miko Clinton, ono of tho
men who escaped injury, said: "Weweroall
ot tho foot of the shaft waiting orders togo
to work. It was about 7:10. The inside
boss had not arrived. Most of tho men
weie seated in groups. Suddenly a
terrific explosion was heard and in an in
stant we were nil thrown down on tho bot
tom of tho gangway. Some of tho men
dovo their faces into the running wnter.
Tho water was up to tho rail and wo didn't
know whether we could work until it wna
removed." A laborer named Cornelius A.
Boyle walked to tho chamber across which
a littlo board was stuck with tho word
"Gas" on it. He either didn't see this or
was cnreless. Anyway ho went in with his
open lamp and thus set fire to tho gas and
caused tho explosion. FLre Bosses William
Evans and William Williams, Welchmen,
wero both tnken out terribly burned. In
side Foreman McDonald went down after
the explosion and was overcome by the fire
damp. IIo will recover. Somo forty-five
men wero burned, many of whom will die.
Dozens of others will bo horribly scarred
and mniued for life.
Prom tho indications this evening twelve
of tho injured will dio. Tho number of per
sons badly injuied is now learned to be
forty-two, and there were several others
THE XEWS ISICIEFLY TOLD.
Brodstrect's report indicates a healthy
tono in general trade.
It cost 5:10,000 to receive and count tho
vote in San Francisco.
The funeral of tho late II. M. Iloxio was
largely attended at Des Moines.
Dalrymple, tho old Chicago left-fielder,
has been secured by Pittsburg for 1SS7.
A company lias been formed for manufac
turing a substitute for sugar from coal tar.
A man in Cincinnati lias been left soven
different legacies by seven different uncles
Judge Comstock, of Syracuse, N. Y., ex
presses cntiro confidence in the soundness
of tiio Tilden will.
Tho Chicngo, Milwaukee it St. Paul is set
tling claims for damages incurred through
the Itio disnstcr.
Three incendiaries wore lynched in Frank
lin county, Louisiana, for burning Har
rison Coicnto's cotton gin house.
At Atlanta, Gn., Robert Hill, shot his
brother, Tony, nnd then killed himself.
Tho trouble was caused by whisky.
The total number of business failures oc
curring throughout tho United States and
Canada for tho last soven days was 210.
Tho loss of tho bark Sara Anderson, from
Coquimbo for England, hns been confirmed.
Tho captain, his wife and tho crow wero all
j-ne i noiesaio uneeso. liuitcr nnd K"i
association of Now York Indorsed Senator
Wnrner Miller for re-olection on account of
his work in behalf of tho oleomargarino
Ilhnd Tom has been adjudged a lunatic
and incnpablo of managing his own affairs
His mother sues to hnvo Tom's manager
account for money received during twenty-
Forty-ono sailors were drowned on tho
hikes, ond $500,000 worth of craft, with
cargoes valued at twico that amount
wrecked on the lakes during tho season
Tliero is direct communication between
Buenos Ayres, wlioro cholera is raging, and
Galveston nnd Now Orleans. Eleven ships
are bound for tho two plnces from Buenos
Ayres, duo to arrive by Christmas.
Postmaster-General Vilas is democratic
in his lunches, wliatover lie may bo in poli
tics. Ho is frequently seen, nbout the mid
dle ot tho day, nt a dairy lunch counter
with a mug of milk in one huud and a piece
ot applo pie in the other.
SEATLT TAKEX IX.
Chicago special: A. U. Swan, the big cat
tleman, is said to have been neatly taken
in by a well known Chicngoan who is now
In Europe. This latter gentleman a mem
ber, by the by, of all the clubs here went
to Europe to sell cattle ranches to rich
aristocrats of England and the continent.
He cabled Swan, one ot whose ranches he
had, that he had the property sold for a
splendid price, and he gave in detail the
way in which payments were to be made.
Swan had some pnrtners in this venture,
nnd as soon as he got his cable he skurrled
around nnd bought out on liberal terms
ids partner's interest. It turns out now
that the Chicago man wasn't as straight
as lie should have been. The first payment
was not made, and when called on tor ex
planation, the well knownclub man said,
rather weakly, that the trade had fallen
through. This left the millionaire cattle
man in a bad way. He had shouldered his
partner's interests nnd had gotten left.
But Swan was only one ot the men taken
lu and done tor by this elegant Chicagoaa.
Tliat City's lloanl of Trade Working to Se
cure the Indian Warehouse.
""Washington special: 'Mr. Tpshaw, acting
commissioner of Indian affairs, heard tho
committee of tho Chicago board ot trado
this morning in suppoit ot the proposition
to remove the Indian warehouse from New
York to Chicago. The committee consisted
of J. G. Bcnsley nnd G. .1. Brine, who, niter
briefly stating their ense, wero requested to
fllo in writing a summary of their argu
ment. Tliis they did later in the day in the
Washington, Nov. 27.
Hon. J. D. C. Atkins, Commissioner of In
Dir.iit Silt Referring to the request mndo
this morning that we should submit to you
in writing tho reasons why tho Indian
warehouse should bo removed from New
York to Chicago and the advantages which
would result to the government from such
action, we, tho undersigned, appointed by
the board of trade of Chicago, to represent
that city before you, would respectfully
submit that the Indian department shipped
last year in all about 00,000 packages of
grinds and supplies, weighing nearly 0,500,
000 pounds. Of this amount, 22,000
packages, weighing nearly :i,000,000
pounds, wero shipped from Chicago alone,
tho balance from New York, Baltimore,
Kansas City, Omaha, Sioux City, nnd very
little from St. Louis. Tho total shipped
tliis yenr has not yet been ascertained, but
ns far as known about 1-12,000 pounds of
hard bread, harness, wooden ware, etc., has
been shipped from St. Louis but fromChica
cngo nearly 2:1,000 pounds, weighing '100,
000 pounds were shipped. It is a well-known
fact that Chicago is the chief city, and has
the Inrgcst market for provisions, grain,
lumber, iigriculUiral implements, etc. The
city is second in boots, shoes, clothing, dry
goods, etc., tho rate from Chicago to west
ern points, where nil freight for the Indians
is shipped, nro on an average about I! 5
rents per 100 pounds lower than from New
York nnd other eastern points, and lower
than from St. Louis. Wnrehouse charges
nro very light from Chicngo, nnd rent not
one-quarter ns much ns in New York. Wo
understand that the government pays for
rent in New York at the rate of $0,000 per
annum. Similar warehouse facilities ran
bo had in Chicago forfrom $1,000 to $1,200
per annum. The records of your olllco
will bear out our statement tliat a largo
amount of tho contracts is either furnished
by Chicago parlies or else contracted for
delivery in that city, and wo have no doubt
that in considering the question of tho In
dian wnrehouse, it will bo found that a
large saving in money, ns well as consider
nhlo handling of freight will be effected by
fixing t he wnrehouse at Chicago. Very
respectfully. (Signed. J. G. Biias'.ky,
Geo. .1. BitiNK.
Tiio commissioner hna fixed Monday to
hear St. Louis, Tuesday for Kansas City
and Wednesday for Now York. Meanwhile,
no expression of opinion is given ns to tho
locality. But the ollicials of the Indian
olllco do not hesitate to say tliat thoy be
lievo tho warehouse should bo removed to
somo western city. Tho Chicago delegation
believes tliat Acting Commissioner Upsliaw
favors Chicago. Commissioner Atkins was
not able to bo present at the hearing, us
ho is uuito ill.
LAID A WA r TO It EST,
The Funeral of the Late jr. M. Uoxle Held at
Ills Old Home.
Des Moines special: A special Rock
Island train from Chicago, bearing the re
mains of tho late II. M. Iloxio and wifo and
friends, nrrived here just before noon, a
Wabash train bearing associates of tho
dead railway manager arriving from St.
Louis a fow minutes sooner. Several
thousand people wore at tho depot. Tho
procession, which exhausted overy avail
able carriago in the city, promptly formed
and proceeded to St. Paul's, where Dr. Van
Antwerp rendered tho Episcopal service,
intcrsperced witli vocal selections ns the
vast crowd filed in. Tho casket was of
plain but ricli black velvet with eight sil
ver bar handles and a simple silver plate
bearing the words:
Herbert M. Hoxte.
fiped v year- nml 'J month.
Died. New York. Now iM. 1BS8.
It was placed on trestles at the head of the
nnve. The church was well filled with old
settlers, railway magnates and employes
nnd local visitors, and tho sun breaking
through tho clouds for a few moments
shone through tho stained windows nnd
lent a solt harmonious color to the scene.
The altar held two floral pillows of Easter
lillies and white roses, one bearing tho
words ".Not forgotten" nnd tho other, "Ho
is not here." Tho spaco before the
clinncel rail was occupied by four largo
Handsome crosses nnd a beautiful con
tropiece. The crosses wero of Easter lilies,
white roses, mosses and evergreens. tusto.
fully arranged. The centrepiece wns a tall
column with a largo anchor resting at its
liase. Un this wero the words "Iloxio
Employe." Tho top ol tho casket was
covered with Unworn. A funeral sermon
was dispensed with at the request of Mrs
Hoxio, as it was her husband's wish tliat
his funeral should bo as quiet nnd simplo
impossible. I ho cortege then wended its
way to Wnodlnwn cemetery and tho re
mains, nftor being replaced in the box,
wero consigned to the earth, whilo the
short service was read. Tho grave is in tho
northeast portion ol the ccmoteiv. on the
level, in a vrritnblo woodiawn spot, where
it is most beautiful in summer. One other
grave occup'ed the lot, that of Mr. Hoxie's
nttio noy, who ulcu several years ago,
Mrs. Iloxie, wife of tho deceased, and Cant.
It. S. Hayes accompanied tho remains ns
mourners, with William 11. Iloxie, ol Corn
ing, la., anu Melville B. Iloxie, ot Schuyler,
Neb., who arrived this morning.
LOXGElt TO I.IVJC.
Justice Seott Grants a Supersedeas In the
Blooinington (III.) dispatch: At 11
o'clock this morning Judge Scott granted
the supersedeas in tho anarchist cuse.
Messrs, Black, Swett and Solomon sturted
at once to Ottawa to have tho clork issue
the ordor in pursuanco of Judgo Scott's In
structions. Tho effect ot tho supersedeas is
to postpone tho date ot execution until
nfter tho hearing ot the motion for a new
trial by the supromo court.
Judgo Scott's order granting tho superse
deas is purely formal. Without going into
any pnrticulnrs, or giving any reasons, he
simply certifies that in his opinion "there
is reasonable ground tor granting the writ."
A special from Ottawa, III., says: Coun
sel for the condemned anarchists nrrived
this evening, but did not press tho supreme
court clerk to immediately issue the super
sedeas ordered by Chief Justice Scott.
There was a question as to the legality of
having the writ issued on Thanksgiving.
When the holiday had ended, one minute
after midnight, the record was filed and
the certified writ Issued, Tiio news was re
ceived by the condemned men quiotly, with
some expressions ot pleasure but few of
surprise. They treated the supersedeas as
a matter ot course and said little except to
intimate an increasing belief that tho Illi
nois supreme court would grnnt them a
new trial, though they admitted having
been still more confident that Judgo Gary's
rulings would bo In their favor. Parsons'
brother, General Parsons, was waiting at
the telephone in the jail oflice and was the
first to convey the information to the pris
lint There Is Xot Much Likelihood of Ills
Interfering In the Case.
Paris dispatch: M. Rouget, secretary of
the Paris municipal council, forwarded to
United States Minister McLane a petition
adopted by tho council November 27, ask
ing for his intercession witli the governor
of Illinois in behalf ot the condemned Chi
cngo anarchists. Minister Mcl.nuo sent
the following reply:
As the petition is destined tor the cov
entor of Illinois and made with the object
of sparing human We, I will not refuse my
nssistnnro it you persist in demanding it.
Now allow me to inform you that in t he
present ease it is useless. Yon can, with
out disadvantage and with us much ell!
cacy ns i, address yourself direct to tho
chief executive of Illinois, who alone has
the power of granting a pardon. Without
raising any objection to tho accomplish,
meat of yo"ur wishes, I beg you will rest us
h u red that capital punishment in no state
of the I'nion is prescribed for political of
fenses. It is prescribed tor odious crimes
against the public, such as murder and
rape, committed under nggrn vating cir
cumstances and with premeditation. In
political matters there exists in the United
States a moderation which even profound
disagreements nio powerless to alter. In
the disrussion ot great political ami
social problems, touching the welfare ot
workers, wo proceed witli a wide liberty,
showing a spirit of fraternity and tolernneo
which renders violence inexcusable, nnd
nlways prejudicial to its authors. When
tho majority pronounces every one sub
mits. If this great and salutary principle
of giving expression to She will of the
majority, which forms the basis of Ameri
can institutions, bo ignored, social order,
founded on liberty and fraternity, col
lapses and society falls once more into
.Mr. McLane, nt Kouget's request, con
sented to transmit the council's pet ition to
Tit E.I TV LEGISI.ATIOX XECESSAUY.
Washington special: "Undoubtedly tho
subjects presented In two or three pending
treaties will occupy a good deal ot tho sen
ate's time this winter," said a member of
that body this morning. "There is a de
mand, which must be heeded, for some
thing on tiio fisheries question, nnd siuco
the special senate committee went to tho
trouble to investigate the matter nnd tnko
n lot of testimony there will bo no excuse
if something is not dono to guarantee Im
munity to our peoplo who go fishing up
north. Why, under the present condition
of affairs a man is liable to be run in by
the Canadian authorities if liogoes up there
on water for most any purpose.
"There has been sullicient opportunity
for the senators to mature somo kind of a
plan to remedy thu likelihood of trouble
witli Great Britain, so Unit a treaty ought
not to occupy much time. But if any
thing comes up affecting our relations with
Mexico it will raise a muss, for no matter
how many nssurances tho Moxieuns liavo
inndo, a feeling exists in congress that they
are treacherous and that summary steps
should be taken. Tho question of treating
with Mexico upon any subject always will
raise tlie question to a greater or less de
gree of annexation. It is notorious tliat
certain states on tho northern boundary
of Mexico want to como to us, and if nny
radical measure is proposed in tho way ol
a commercial or extradition treaty, or a
treaty touching rights ot citizens interna
tionally, the tendency it will have to create
a dissatisfaction in relation to annexation,
or promote it, must lie considered. But
wo will do nothing with annexation treat'
ies, as the administration is opposed to
IIEFOUSD HIS MAX.
Chicago special: United States Mnrshnl
Bierhower, of Oninliii, arrived in tlie city
last Sunday in search of Dr. William W.
Salisbury, who is wanted in Nebraska for
complicity in tho alleged scheme to defrnud
tho government. A .warrant wns sworn
out before Commissioner Hoyno and
turned over to Marshal Marsh for service.
Salisbury wan not located until yesterday,
when bo was found hy Deputy Marshal
Borchnrd at tho Rush Medical college,
where ho was attending a special course of
lectures. Ho was arrested and taken bo
fore tho commissioner, where lie waived
examination and expressed himself ready
to go with Marshal llierhowor nt onco. It
wns too Into to obtain an order from tho
court for his transfer to tho Omaha dis
trict, and ho was remanded to tho cus
tody of Marshal Mii'-sh, until today, when
ho expects to give bonds in $ 1 ,000 for his
future uppenniucu, If ho is unable to do
this lie will be tnken to Omaha and placed
in jail to await Ids trial. Tho charge
against Dr. Salisbury is conspiracy with
Charles R. Glover and W. L. Whitmoro to
defniiid tho United States out of public
lands under tho timber culture net. Tho
fraud consisted of an affidavit said to liavo
been prepared by Salisbury nnd forwarded
to Long Pino, Neb., where Glover, who is
United States commissioner, certified to its
genuinoiitss. Dr. Salisbury took his arrest
coolly and said ho thought lie would bo
nuio to prove ins uinocciito.
A SEVUET VlilVVI.AU.
Philadelphia dispatch: Tho Press pub
lishes a secret circular issued by tho gen
eral officers of tho Knights ot Lnhot, in
which the following nro tho principal points
ot general intercut: Tho address opens with
roforenco to Iho appeal Issued for funds to
nsslst victimized and locked-out members
in various parts of tho country nnd to tho
unsatisfactory response which left many
thousand mombcrs who were thrown upon
tho hands of tho ordor by lock-outs, Illy
provided for, thereby crippling tho power
and usefulness of the order. Powdorly
then says tho ordor hns reached tho most
critical porlod In it history. Ho refers to
tho contract which employes nro mndo to
sign compelling them to Icavo the Knights
of Labor and says: Every man has
pledged himself to do his duty in tho cause
of mankind. No oath binds him to any
act contrary to tho duty ho owos to God
or his country. But something moro sacred
even than nn oath his pledge of honor-
binds him to legally dofond tho principles
of truth, honor, iustico and citizenship.
Two alternatives present thomsolvcs un
conditional surrender or manly defense.
Which should it be? In order to alloviato
the distress of many knights thrown out
o! employment, tho address says, tho gen
eral executive board unanimously resolve
to levy nn assessment of 2f cents per mem
bers from nil local assemblies ot the order.
Tho assessment should be credited to thoso
who responded to tho previous call. The
assessment will be known ns tho special
OLA DS TO SIS MILT. VltESH MATTEUS.
London, Nor. 23. Mr. Gladstone declines
every request to speak until parliament reas
semble, lie has scat letter to several of bis
late colleagues stating his programme for the
coming session. lie approves nn Immediate
challenge to the government to state its Irish
Alley lu the debate upon the aiiure, al
houL'li he exnects that the unionists will
inalntalp their adhesion to the government.
Afterward he will assist lu au effective settle
ment of the procedure question.
This Is What the Gnrrrunr of Alttil.a Says
that Country Should Hare.
Gov. Swlneford, of Alaska, in his annual
report to the secretary ot the interior esti
mates the white population ot tlie territory
nt 2,.'150, nnd tho native population at
.12,000. Of the native Alnskians he says:
They nro a very suporior rare, intellect
ually, ns compared with tlie peoplo gener
ally known us North American Indians,
and are, as n rule, industrious and provi
dent, nnd wholly self-sustaining. They live
in neat, comfortable homes of their own
construction. They nre shrewd and natu
ral born traders. Somo nre passably good
carpenters, and others nro skillful workers
in woods nnd metals. Not a few can speak
l'nglisli, nnd some ot the younger men and
women hnvo learned to read and write, and
nearly all aro anxious for the education of
their children, and the governor comments
upon what he terms tho widespread, erro
neous belief thnt Alaskn is a region of per
petunl winter, and appends a meteorolog
ical summary for tho year which shows
that the coldest weather occurred .Innnnry
5. when tlie mercury sank to tour degrees
above zero, where it remained for halt a
The industries of Alaska, says there
port, are, as yet. principally confined to
the fur trade, mining nnd the curing and
canning of fish, ot which there are about
sixty food varieties; tlie rod, salmon and
halibut are the most important. As to
the cod banks, he snys n market is all
that is required to make them a scene of
even greater activity than was over known
in those of New Fouudluml. As to the
salmon, he says they nre as pleat fill ns
the cod. nml keep in operation eight can
Thu fur trade, tho report says, mny bo
npproxiiuutelv stated at tlie market value
of $2,000,000 annually, nearly all ot
which is controlled by the Alaska Commer
Coal has been found at various points in
tho territory, but us yet no well-directed
effort hns been made to develop any of tho
The governor nsks that $10,000 heap
pinprhitcd for school purposes. IIo com
plains thnt tho olllccrs ot thoUnited Stntes
steamer Piiita, statioped at Sitka, huvu
not alto rd ed him the courtesies Unit United
States ollicials should have received at
their hands, and to this lack ot ollicinl
harmony and assistance lie attributes tho
iioii-punisliuieiit. ot the offenders in tlie
Chinese outrages in that territory Inst
summer and tho failure to bring back tho
Chinese who were sent to Wraugland.
Though tliu lnw prohibits t ho Importa
tion of spirits into Aiuska, the law, tho
governor snys, is not unforced, but much
contraband liquor is smuggled in. To
remedy this state of affairs ho suggests
thnt tho presout law bo repealed and strin
gent license regulations bo adopted, ns
thoy would bo far preferable to "prohibi
tion which does not prohibit."
A law for the better protection of senls
nnd other fur-hearing uulinals is needed to
prevent tho destruction of tills industry.
In conclusion, tho governor says Aiuska
should hnvo a delegate in congress, and
should have a territorial form of govern
ment similar to that of other territories.
7or.iir.ir with $!oo.oih.
Portland (Me.) dispntch: Tho directors
of the Canal National bank authorizo tho
statement that Howard Blackstone, dis
count clerk, has embezzled funds of tho
bank to tho amount of $20,000 and ab
sconded. It appears that on Wednesday
hist Blackstone obtained a vacation from
tho bank and proceeded to New York.
From tliero he sent u letter to his wifo No
vombcr 2!), so it must have been writ ten bo-
fore ho left Portland mid ho must hnvo
premeditated t lio stop for somo time, feel
ing his guilt could pot longer bo hidden.
The letter stated the sad misfortune had
como upon them, but they must bear It as
others dono 'beforo thoin. Ho had begun
speculation in 1S8I, nnd for a time was
ery successful. Thou luck turned nnd ho
lost heavy and continuously. To rotriovo
his loss ho took tho hank's money until his
stealings aggregated $25,000, when ho
deemed it useless to go further mid decided
to abscond. In Ins letter ho enclosed a deed
of tho house witli tho laud ho owned lu tho
vicinity and occupied by his family. Ho
requested ills wffo to turn tills deed over to
the bank and inform tho olllccrs of his
crime. He made no mention of the method
he pursued in stealing the money, and as
only small sums were, ever passed through
his hands during the course of business, tho
directors are uiiuhlo to dotcrniiiio how hu
could hnvo secured so much. Ho for a
brief period acted us cashier and paying
toller and had chnrgo of tho ledger. Tho
value ot tho house deeded to tho bunk
amounts to $10,500. Blnckstono was
at tlie bank. Ho is .12
Maxihv, Dak., Nov. 25. Two children
named -MeUid wero frozen to death ton miles
north of hero while searching- for lost stock.
Two young1 brothers named Sims wero frozen
to death while returning from work yesterday,
Airs, iloseph lluzletlnu, who wus lost In the
blizzard .Monday night, whon found yesterday
nenr Miniiorii was so uawy no, en that ucr re
covery Is doubtful.
Asiii.am), Wis., Nov. 25. Two Plncland
hunters whllo out searching; for William Goul,
who was lost In tliu woods lust Sunday, sue
cctnlcd lu finding his body to-day about nine
miles from this city and four miles from any
road. Ills parents nt Indianapolis havo been
telegraphed In regard to what shall bo dono
with thu body. When found hu was lying: up
on Ids back In thu snow with his rllL rctUx
across his breast.
itEI'VllI.IVASS OX THESALOOX.
CouTi.ANP, N. Y,, Nov. W). Tho state con
vention of unti-saloou republicans met horo
to-day. Delegates were present from all
parts of the stnte, General Conway explained
the views and alms of thu new movement.
While the llinghumton convention, he said,
had started the icpnbllcan party with Us rad
ical resolutions they now met with approval
from such men as Evurts, Miller, Morton and
illscock. He said they weru lu the republican
party to stay. There wero already 20,000 re
publicans enrolled lu the league, which In six
months would ho Increased to 100, (XX), and
that meant control of the republican party of
New York, and also that all statesmen nnd
politicians should favor temperance measures
and temperance lljrlshitlou. Committees on
the plan of wo k, etc., wero appointed.
At thu night kcuslon thu committee on tho
plan of work reported. It provides that there
shall be a statement committee consisting ot
one member from each congressional district
whose duty It shall lie to vigorously push the
work of the league, and that It Is not thu pur
pose of the league to form a separate political
nartv. nor to nominate candidates for oflice
except In extreme cases when republican nom
inations aro made in thu interest of thu liquor
Tho report of the committee on resolutions
decialruu In favor of submitting a constitu
tional promuiiory anienuiueui to a rote ot tne
people and demanded that the republican
mny inue a positive siauu ugainsi me wiuor
ratllc. It created discussion and was laid
over till to-morrow.
ceuator lilalr spoke In favor of the move
ment and said that national prohibition was
Iniiortaut Jlcasnrr to Claim Attention ln.ac
Washington special: Ono week from ye
trrdoy the forty-ninth congress begins its
second session. It hns ngrcnt deal ot work
to do and very little timoin which to do it.
The first session lasted nenrly eight
months. The second session will last less
than thrco months, from December
1880, to March -I, 1SS7. The holidays
must come out of tlie session, nnd perhaps
a great consumption ol timo will liavo to
bo allowed for speeches on tho labor ques
tion. Moro thnn 1,300 bills and joint res
olutions wero introduced into tho two
houses during the first session. It is true
that a good many of tho bills still on tho
calendar are duplicates in tlie two houses
and that a good many ot tho measures in
troduced hnve already been finnliy dis
posed of by vetoes or by ndverso nctlou
cither in tho committee or tho mnin body.
There is also no time to be expended in the
organization ot the house as during n first
session. Still the calendars are overloaded
with measures in all singes of advance
ment, and moro than sullicient to tnke up
tho time of several sessions. Various
presidential vetoes will confront congress
to begin with. There Is the question,
ol tho fisheries, which has been under
consideration by a sennto committee dur
ing the recess. Our Mexican diplomacy is
interested by the Cutting cases. Tho Pan
Kloctric investigation will quite surely
occupy some at tention. There nro various
bills to allot land in severalty to tho In
dians and to provide ior throwing open
part of tho Indian territory to whito settle
ment. Several Important and grant for
foi t uio bills uwnit consideration, as does
also the bill prohibiting congressmen from
acting us attorneys to land grnnt rail
roads. There is a Mexican pension bill
now suspended between the senate and the
house, while several other costly bills fnr
pensions and for equalizing bounties will
try to get n hearing. Tliero are resolutions
for investigating strikes and tho labor
problems which may tnko up time oven
il thoy lead to nothing. Tlie tariff projects
and the financial measures nre leg. on and
doubtless moro of them will ho introduced.
The bill to increase tlie olllcncy ol the con
sular service is likely to bo amended so an
to call for still larger expenditures. The
army lias its Logan bill, which has passed
the senate, and its Manderson scheme
for increasing tlie infantry. The nary
has a bill for an enlisted man retired list,
for a deposit system for seamen, ami
so on. Tliero is the additional
legislation against polygamy to betaken
up, the international copy right bill, tin
eight hour bill and tho uniform bankruptcy
hill. Mr. Ingulfs project to change inaug-.
ination day to April !!0 mnychiim a place;
and Mr. Hoar's for increasing tho longth ol
tho sessions by having congress ossembU
in October and November in alternate
years. Tho free ship bill, tlie inter-state
'commerce bill, Mr. Fry's subsidy bill foi
currying tho ocean innils, the Grant monu
ment bill, tho Hennepin canal bill and the
Ends ship canal bill, will watch t licit
chances lor legislation. The bills to ad
mit Dakota and Wnshington may lie urged
strongly, In viow of the close array ol
piirtics'in tho senate.
After tlieso and twenty other measures
quite as prominent and a thousand private
bills on tho culundar aro considered, it la
to bo remembered that tho regular appro
priation bills, in ono of which is contained:
the subject of const and harbor defensor
aro thomsolves Importnnt enough to tak
up a great part of the timo of congress ig'
tlie short session.
II ITU Ell A XD TIIITllEll.
The tolnl yote for coRrcssuion in Colorado
as given hy the bIuIc eauvassing board Is as
follows: Symes, republican, 27,TJ1: Reed,
democrat, i'0,lttl; Murray, prohibition, :i,5'J7.
Sjines' plurality, 8 !), us against 0,72(1 two
years ago. Thu vote of the state was
less than in 1SS1.
The London Standard says tliat It Is scrt
ously proposed nt Solla to nominate an Ameri
can as a candidate for the Bulgarian throne.
Mr. Ilnslctt has been elected mayor of Bel
Franco nd Mexico have concluded a treaty
Tlie French chamber of deputies has passed
the Madagascar credits by a vote of 2S'J to 100,
Tho West Africa tclegropli cable connecting;
St. Paul do I.oanda with Europe took place;
September 23. 4
The British home rule association and tho
home rulu leaguu of tho United Kingdom wilt
unite under tlie name of tho home rulu union,
Baron Seckendorf, professor In tho Austrian
college of agriculture, committed suicide by
shooting himself in the mouth.
It Is believed In Belgium tliat tho thieves
who Mole the registered mall lu that country
are hiding hi England.
Mrs. W. II, Ferry, of Chicago, a daughter
of John V. Farivcll, has brought suit for
divorce, making statements which show aston
ishing pcmirhmsuess on the part of her hus
band. It Is alleged that he has transferred all
his real estate.
The commissioners of the military prison,
iqwii Investigating charges brought by
General Miles, found that tho best material
is used at tho Leavenworth shoe factory, and
that thu workmanship Is good.
Tho Baltimore- and Ohio road holds that It
has u binding contract for tho use of the
Reading nnd Jersey Central tracks between
Philadelphia nnd New York, and offers the
public thu benefit of competition bv an fndc
pendent Huo between llaltlmoru and New
About 270 head of tho cattle quarantined In
Chicago havo slucu Sunday morning been
taken from the I'lncnlx distillery yards to
Bridgeport nnd slaughtered. Nearly 00 net
cent, boru traces of Infection. Tuentv car.
catscs wero rejected, and tho remainder' were
found sufficiently healthy for food.
TIIE TUIAL COSDEMXED.
Cihcaoo, III., Nov. 110. A Joint mectlngot
the Knights of Labor District Assemblies Nos.
24 and 07, which havo a membership of about
0,000, and Include all the knights In this city
and county, ivas held to-ulght to take action
concerning the trial and seutciico of tho con
demned anarchists. District Assembly No, 3i
recently passed resolutions on the subject and
asked No. 07 to Indorse them. The latter
body decided that the subject was of such Im
portance mat a joint session oi uom assem
blies should bo held, at which tho Knights of
Labor of Cook couuty should be represented.
About four hundred knights wero present and
the following declaration of their attitude nn
tho verdict was agreed to with only a few
M't believe tliat the verdict la tho recent trial em
detailing seven uu'ti lo death and entenclnic ouu lo
tlfff-mi vpufV ImnrUiiniiit-nt wil an oatritue UltUO.
common juillce and an aaiiult uj.ua ire tpeauaua
tlie right of f Ito rople to peaceably a.einb:o for itta
dlscuulon ot tbelr grlance. We believe lliat ihenr
li an ever lucrratiiiK sentiment among the common.
ivoileol mis couuuy inai our courno juiumiio
iui frmiiHiiiiir miatiiulated In the Interest of weallk
and power and tliat tUoaa who are poor are fru.urn
ly outraged In our court hi the name of the Uw.
prosecution with malacr. and ulllliinif a It aW u
tueraand abalUrf who declared that be would mk
summon any oaoaa a juryr who. is oiwuiub, wh
not In favor of banlBiri w, iUre eMjjj"iy
hope lliat the aupreiu court of fa t of IHWl
mar grant a Dew trial au ihsi vue tiw mwfw?
vlctloua among tbe common people, Hsly.iMW tto
courts of law aro only la the Interest at tfeo rUk,wm
uvt Dud additional pef to lUl(lH.