The Oregon scout. (Union, Union County, Or.) 188?-1918, July 17, 1886, Image 3

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Ttte Semite lilll Granting Right of Way
Through Tlteir Jteserratlons retool.
"Washington special: Tho president to
day sent to the senate without his ap
proval tho hill granting to railroads right
of way through the Indian reservation in
Northern Montana. "Tho reservation ro
, fcrred to," tho president says, "stretches
across tho cxtrcmo northern part ol Mon
tana, with British America for Its northern
boundary. It contains nn area ol over
30,000 squnre miles. It is dedicated to In
dian occupancy by tho treaty ot October
17, 1S5C, and the act ot congress of April
15, 1874. No railroads aro within inline
diato approach to its boundaries, and only
one, ns shown by recent maps, is under
construction in tho neighborhood leading
in its direction. Tho surrounding country
is sparsely nettled, nnd I hnve been unable
ito nscertain that tho necessities of com
merce or any public exigencies demand this
legislation, which would affect so seriously
tho rights and interests of the Indians oc
cupying tho reservation. The bill is in tho
nature of a general right of way for rail
roads through this reservation. The In--dlnii
occupants have not given their con
sent, neithor havo they been consulted re
garding it, nor is there any provision in it
for Btcuring their consent or agreement to
tho locution or construction of railroads.
If the United States must exercise its right
-of eminent domnid over tho Indian terri
tories for tho general welfare of tho wholo
country, it should be donecautiously, with
n duo regard for the interests of the Indian
and to no grenterextent tlian theexigenciea
of tho public service require."
Tho president then states that bills tend
ing somewhat in tho direction of this gen
crnl character of legislation affecting rights
of Indians reserved to them by treaty stip
ulations, havo been presented to him dur
ing tho present session of congress, which
received his reluctant approval, though he
is by no menus certain that a mistake has
not beou mailo in pnssing such laws with
out providing forconsent to such grants by
Indian occupants, nnd othcrwiso moro
closely guarding their rights and interests.
"I hoped," the president says, "that each
of tho bills ns it received my approval
-would bo tho last of the kind presented."
He says in conclusion: "the bill now
beforo mo is much more goneral in its tonus
than those which have preceded it. It ig
nores tho right of Indians to be consulted
ns to tho disposition of their lands. It in
vites a general invasion of tho Iiuli.m coun
try. I nm impressed with tho belief that
tho bill does not sufficiently guard against
nn invasion of their rights nnd a disturb
ance of tho penco nnd quiet of the Indians
on tho reservation mentioned, nor am I
nn t I.ifSn.l 4 1 1 i 4 1 1 n lanialn f inn nrntinum to
demanded by any exigency of public wel
New York dispatch: Tho convicted boy
cotters on Theiss, the proprietor of tho
concert garden, were nrrnigned in court to
day for sentence Judge Barrett made
some strong remarks to them on tho law
lessness of tho crimo of which they wero
convicted. Ho said that this was a viola
tion of tho penco to tho country that wel
comed foreign born citizens to n country
thnt offered freedom nnd tho privileges of
right; they had violated tho public rights
und opinions nnd tlu-b offense was not
short of blackmail. Tho distribution of
circulars before places of business was a
conspiracy and was punishable ns such.
Their conduct, if unpunished, would lead to
savngory. They may havo been misled by
bad advice, but their counsel should have
rebuked them. They did uso money for
their own ndvnntago nnd this pacified the
citizens. Wo aro told that it has been tho
custom to rob in thnt maimer. Ho would
not impose tho full penalty of tho lawns
they were working men. Tho judgo then
sentenced Paul Wiltzig and Holdorf to two
years and ten months at hard labor,
Michael Stroh and Julius Hosenberg to one
year and six months imprisonment; Daniel
Daneniiouser, tho most violent of the boy
cotters, got three years and eight months
in the stute prison.
Washington dispatch: There appears to
be strong foundation for tho belief that ex
Senator Joseph McDonald, of Indiana, will
succeed Mr. Manning as secretary ot the
treasury. Mr. McDonald has boen men
tioned in connection with so many posi
tions that were given to other gentlemen
that tho politicians at this point have
grown skoptical of his receiving recognition
from the administration.
The talk among tho Indianians to-day,
however, is that Mr. McDonald's roward
lias come at last. Several of these gentle
men boldly claim that within a fortnight
after tho adjournment of congress Mr. Mc
Donald will bo installed as Socretary Man
ning's successor. Theysay it is well under
stood at tho white house that Mr. Manning
will never again resunio his duties at the
treasury department, nnd that for this
reason Mr. McDonald will take hold about
the 1st ot August. Mr. McDonald's ap
pointment, tho Indiana people say, will
greatly strengthen tho party in that state
and insure Mr. Cleveland a solid delegation
in his favor to tho noxt presidential con
vention. .
It Play Havoc With Ha Victim at a nigh
Donver special: George D. Edwards was
struck by lightning Sundny while crossing
Iron Hill. Though severely Injured ho re
rovered consciousness in fifteen minutes,
nnd will probably cot well. Tho lichtnimr
struck him on the left cheek, knocking him
senseless, nnd passed ncross his breast to
his rjght foot, then ncross, coming out of
tho left foot. A hole like a bullet holo was
made in the foot. Edwards' clothing wns
torn to shreds and both boots knocked oft.
Tho ground where he stood wns torn up.
Tho courso of the lightning over his body is
marked by ri red streak an inch wide. Tho
worst injury is to his lung, the shock caus
ing hemorrhage and serious losst blood.
His body was covered with blisters and
burns. This is said to be the first known
person being struck by lightning at this
altitudo (10,500 feet above the sea).
Edwards' pecu iar injuries are the subject
of much interest among medical men.
TWO MORE vessels seized.
J, Halifax dispatch; The American schoon
i,ers. George Y. Cushing nnd C. B. Harring
' ton, were formnlly seized yesterday after
noon at Shelbourne by the captain ot the
Dominion cruiser, Terror, nnd handed over
to the collcctorof customs nt that port for
violation ot the customs laws. The C. B.
Harrington was ordered into the hands of
constables, who were placed la charge ot
her. The Cushing still rides at anchor
alongside ot the Terror, but in charge ot
the collector. Neither ol the three vessels
seized at Shelbourne and City 1'oint are
charged witli violating the fishery laws, but
simply have been seized for violating the
custo i s laws by coming to anchor and al
lowing their crews to go ashore before re
porting at the custom house.
tiie graxd old jm.vs scheme.
Evidently a Majority of the People of Eng
land are Xot Favorable To It.
London DJ?pntch: Up to 10 o'clock to
night the totals ot members elected were
150 conservatives, 30 unionists, 50 Gliul
stonlnns, nnd 20 l'nrnellltcs. The conser
vatives have gained seventeen scats, tho
unionists one seat, nnd the Glndstonians
nine seats. The tories unexpectedly won
in Leith, Lincolnshire, whero tho Glndston
Ian enndidnte, owing to sudden illness,
failed to qualify.
During n fracas at tl.e polling station in
St. Stephen's Green division ot Dublin,
Messrs. Dudgeon, James nnd Sullivnn, so
licitors and ngents of tho conservative can
didate, were ejected by the sheriff's orders.
Dudgeon will sue the sheriff for assault.
Gladstone has written a letter, in which
ho snys it is impossible for British legisla
tion to proceed until the Irish question is
Tho issue is becoming definite. The posi
tion to night prenges a crushing defeat for
Gladstone unless ho obtains a larger coun
try vote than in Novei.iber. The burghs
are declnrlngngainst home rule. The most
ominous Is the revolt of Glasgow radicals.
Of seven contests in Glasgow the unionists
carried four. Of twenty-one London polls
declared to night tho unionists secured
fifteen niid Glndstnnn six. Tho polling was
close. Tho conservative enndidnte won in
Central Fmsbury by only fivo majority.
Saunders, Glndstoninn, is defeated in East
Hull by thirty-seven majority. Anions the
eminent Glndstonians defeated aro Solici
tor General Davy, Ad vocn to General Mellor
Hibbcrt, secretary of admiralty nnd Prof.
Thnrohl lingers. The London labor can
didates, Creamer and Howell, retain their
sents by a fair mnjority. Sir Johu Lub
bocke's re-election is nssured by a poll of
400 abend of Hnrrion. Sir Thomas
Brassy has boon nominated Glndstoninn
enndidato for St. Andrew's district.
Gladstone Appeals to the People for the
Cause He Espouses.
London cablegram: Mr. Glntlstono has
issued a manifesto to tho electors ot Wales.
"It is not the first nor tho tenth time," ho
says, "that tho tories havo raised a cry of
alarm and predicted ruin of the empire.
They have been at it all tlioir lives and
nlwnys when thoso great and good meas
ures were proposed which havo mado tho
nge illustrious the reform of parliament,
the abolition ot the corn laws, of shivery,
ot religious tests, ot church rates, unci tho
Irish church, tho freedom of burinls, tho
defense of tennnts' rights, nnd many more.
Which of these did they give you? Which
did they not oppose and cry down as de
structive to tho constitution, tho throne,
religion, prosperity, and all tho rest?
People say tho Irish will never bo content;
nor would you be content if you liad beon
oppressed as they have been, and above
nil, if after you had your own parliament
500 years it had been taken away by a
mixture of violonco nnd corruption with a
union which disgraces tho nnme of Eng
land. This parliament tho people of Iro
Innd havo over sinco striven to got back.
They no-v ask not for tho repeal ot tho
union, but only for a subordinate legisla
ture ns a colony, Give it to them, because
it is junt that they should havo it. Givo it
to them promptly nnd graciously; not
waiting, as Wellington waited, for tho
emancipation of tho Catholics, who failed
under tho terror of war. Lot Wales upon
this great occasion be worthy ot herself."
Now York Special: Albertino Gregory
completed a tedious week's job Inst night,
Ho has cut July coupons from tho $80,000,-
000 of Unitgd States bonds owned by the
Vunderbilts. It was an irksome task bo
cause of tho monotony, and also by reason
ot the heat, for it had to bo dono in the
confined spneo of the Vanderbilt vault on
Forty-second street, opposite tho Grand
Central depot. Gregory is a book-keeper
in tho ofilco of Chauncoy M. Depow, and he
wns detailed by Depow for tho lubor. A
now hand is put at it overy time, and the
ns.-iiijnincut is not made until the work is
to begin. Lust Jnnunry a man from the
freight department of the Central rullroad
was soc nt it. Gregory had no preferred
choice, but wns simply told to go to the
safe deposit office and report to President
Ihomns Li. James lor duty, lie old so,
and there found Cornelius Vanderbilt, who
unlocked his personal safe, took out the
millions of bonds, nnd told him to sever
tho coupons. Tho clerk was locked in a
little npartnient while at work, nnd beforo
his doparturo at noon or night the bonds
nnd coupons thnt he had handled woro
counted up. In that way lie went through
tho nuiBS of bonds belonging tothodifferent
members of the family. Ho says he never
sncnt a more lonesome week in his lifo.
St. Louis dispatch: Several very impor
tant meetings ot the leaders ot tho Law
nnd Order league have been held recently,
both here and at Sedalia, Mo. A promi
nent ofllcer of tho leaguo says tho intention
of theso meetings is to establish an organ
ization from one end of the country to the
other in support of law and order which
can bo largely massed at one point if neces
sary. For instance, in case ol trouble in
St. Louis with which the leaguo here could
cope, preparations being mado for the pur
pose, enabling officials hero to call on Chi
cago or any other place for reinforcements,
members being bound to answer such call
at a moment's notice. As menns ot getting
forces out in a moment's notice, the nd
dresses of all members, business or resi
dence are taken, Beginning in Sedalia and
spreading to Desoto nnd Hannibal, it was
taken up by St. Louis and from there
spread to Corondelet nnd Clarksville,
Crystal City, Mo,, Bellevillo and Chicago,
111., Jackson, Mich., Evansvillo, Ind., St.
Paul, Minneapolis, Rochester, Newark,
Milwaukee and Baltimore, and is now
gaining a strong foothold in Iowa nnd
Kansas and other states. It has reached
a membership of over seventeen thousand.
Included in membership, it is said, are a
large number of workingmen, engineers,
conductors nnd Knights of Labor. The
leaguo has organized a great many branches
and has committees working In all direc
tions. The principal object is to provent
labor disturbances and discountenance
strikes and boycotts. The latter comes in
for particular condemnation.
Buffalo, N. Y. July 4. A social to tho
Timet from "Washington says: "Between 0
and 7 o'clock this evening a German crank
called at the White house aud asked to see
the president and Rare tho doorkeeper lite res
idence as No. 1200 New York avenue.thls city,
lie was told that the president did not receive
callers to-day, but would do to to-morrow.
Kccemng; una submit iuq man
nroceeded down the pathway, and about half
way from the street tell on bis knees and com
menced crvlmr that the evil one wa trvlnir to
shoot him. After a tussle with him the police
onlcers snceceueu in tailing mm 10 iue jock
up. Upon being; searched a largo bowle knife
was found utxm his person. If he had suc
ceeded In seeing the president It is likely thai
there would have been trouble."
The Crop Outlook in WeMtfli atid Horth
tcesiem States.
St. Paul dispatch: Tho Pitftfeer Press
will print to-morrow reports on tho con
dition ot the crop from every important
wheat growing county in Minnesota and
Dakota, nnd about one hundred counties
in Iowa, Wisconsin nnd Nebraska. Thoso
reports show the crop to bo In much worse
condition than in June, 1SS5. The dry
weather in Mny, which became quite n
severe drouth in June, had a moro serious
effect on small grain than wns at first sup
posed nnd tho injury caused then is just
now becoming painfully npparent. Thcro
had been very little rain in tho first week
ol June nnd no gencrnl rain sinco seed
ing time. The sections not affected by
the drouth aro the lied Illvcr valley from
Wahpeton to Grand Forks, nnd tho Nor
thern Pacific country from Brainertl to
Bismarck. In Minnesota and Dukotasouth
of the forty-sixth parallel tho weather has
been very dry, the drouth being sevcront in
the extieme southern counties ot Minne
sota nnd Dakota, extending well down into
northern Iowa. In southern Minnesota
nnd Dakota wheat was sown in most coun
ties in dust, and rains since then havo been
light and not frequent enough to give tho
ground a good soaking. During tho stool
ing period in May, tho weather was very
dry. The intensely hot weather tho past
ten days has added materially to tho In
jury, as the ground was in no condition to
stand any serious drouth. The result Is
thnt along tho Winona & St. Peter rond
through Minnesota and along the southern
division ot tho Milwaukee it St. Paul, tho
crops aro literally drying up, and unless
ntins como very soon light ci ops of all
kinds of grains aro the most that can bo ex
pected in thoso sections. It is doubtful
ovon whether the crops can bo benefitted
now to nuy extent if rain should como.
Tho stooling period is long sinco past and
the crops may now bo taken to bo at tho
best stngo to bo obtained. Moro rain will
simply provent them from getting back
ward, but will hardly improve their condi
tion. Tho rains of Saturday night ex
tended over thoso sect:ons only whero it
wns least needed. FroniCumnilngs, on tho
Manitoba rond, south nnd along tho North
ern Pacific lino north of Grand Forks,
there was no rain, and Great Devil's Lake
county Is still suffering from drouth. Not
n drop of rain fell south ot the Minnesota
river, and all that sunburned region is still
parched nnd dry.
A Very Important JSill Affecting Affairs In
That Territory.
Washington special: Senator Ciilloin has
reported from thocommittco on territories
a very important bill affecting tho situa
tion in Utah. Lastyear Governor Murray
vetoed all tho appropriation bills passed
by the Mormon legislature on tho ground
that they refused to recognizotho legal offi
cers of tho territory, but authorized tho
disbursement of tho appropriations by
Mormon officials elected by tho legislature,
who under the law had no right to disburso
money. Tho legislature adjourned without
providing funds to support tho torritorinl
government, aud tho president sent n mes
sage to congress recommending that somo
measuio bo ndopted to rcliovo tho embar
rassment. Since that letter wns sent in tho
supremo court ot Utah has unanimously
sustained Governor Murray's vetoes, in a
test case, and has refused to rocognizo the
Mormon olllcials.
Tho Culloni bill appropriates tho sums
provided in tho bills vetoed by Govornor
Murray but directs their disbursement by
the legally constituted oflieiuls. Itcontaius
several important qualifications, however,
which are intended to strike Mormouism
in certain plates whero it is very strong;
for example, the public school system ol
the territory is taken from tho control ot
the church and placed in tho hands of trus
tees, to bo appointed by tho governor, and
tho university ol Dczrn, which is a Mormon
institution and supported by public tax
ation, is treated in the same manner. The
bill also provides for tho payment by tho
territory into tho treasury of tho United
States of money which has been advanced
by tho United States to pay tho cost of
trials under tho anti-polygamy act. Tho
Mormon legislature lias refused for several
yeais to appropriate money for this use
and the territory is now indebted to the
general government to the amount ol
51280,000 in round numbers on this ac
count. An attempt will be mado to securo the
pnssngo ol tho bill before adjournment, as
there are no funds in the Utah territory
since tho 1st of July for tho support of tho
courts and other olllcnl machinery ot tho
tei ritorv and none can otherwise bo pro
vided except upon such terms as tho Mor
mon legislature may dictate.
Denvbu, Cor, July C At 1:15 o'clock this
morning; fire was discovered In the Academy
of Music, and before thellro department could
get to work the flames were leaping; through
the building In half a dozen places ami in n
few minutes the building was In one mass of
flames. The heat was so Intolerable that tho
firemen were soon driven from tho front of
the building.
It theu became evident that the Academy
was doomed and the firemen devoted them
selves to saving tho Jlocky Mountain jewt
building and Goodo & McCllntoek's blocks,
which were adjoining and were then on lire.
The flamc6 spread fo rapidly and the heat be
came i-o intense that in less than lifteen min
utes after the discovery of the fires the wires
of tho Western union telegraph company,
whoso ofllco is in the block directly across
the alley fiom the Academy, were melted and
all the service destroyed. Tho operators
managed to save the Wheatstono and other
valuable Instruments, but service relays were
Tho tire was tho quickest ever witnessed in
Denver, the ground floor of the academy 'was
occupied by business houses In which several
men wero sleeping at tho time of the fire, ull
of whom wero rescued by the firemen.
Enrlght, an old roustabout who worked In a
saloon, retired at 13 last night iti an Intoxi
cated condition, and was forgotten until too
late, and perished In the flames.
The cause of the fire is unknown.
As near as can be learned the losses are as
follows: P. V. Hughes on the Academy of
Music, $125,000; tho Jlocky Mountain Aew-,
$25,000; John Klneary's saloon, 95,000; Solo
mon, clothing. $2,000; Lazarus, tailor, $3,000;
the Goode block, $10,000, Joseph Meskew,
$2,000; McCllntock, $12,500; small losses esti
mated at $5,000, The total Insurance is $65,
far. Suxac-e, Mcn.t ,mly 0 Terrible forest
fires are raging aloug the line of tho Detroit,
Mackinaw and Marquette railroad between
this city and Marquette. At Newberry yester
day 20,000 cords of wood belonging to the
Vulcan furnace company burned and the
furnace will nrobablv be shut down in conse-
queuce. Everything Is very dry and the Uro
ruus through the woods with fearful rapidity,
Tralus are delayed aud crops are buruliur up
lor warn oi ram.
Louisville, Kr., July 6. Dr. J. A. Wheells
and a little girl named Ada Rudolph were row
ing on a lake across the river from I'aducab,
Ky.. to-day, when the girl fell out of the
boat Wheelte attempted to rescue her and
both were drowned.
r1v.H AND THtRE.
Throe vomit! men of BoMnn rodent'.'
rod their b:eules from that city tc
Now Orleans, a distance of 1.700 mile
Victoria. British Columbia, is s
qnict ami respectable, that tho citj
council lias decided to do without i
A witness who swears by tho bible h
not bound to kiss the book, according
to n recent decision of a New Jersoj
Tour times a month the Catholic
priests of the diocese of New York meet
and discuss theological subjects in the
Latin tongue.
In Ohio county, Kentucky, last wool
John Hunter, a negro, was sentencec
to the penitentiary for life, his crinif
being the theft oi '$13.
It has been asserted, and with I
great deal of truth, that though wo oft
en hear of the man who draws tho bis
prize in lottery, wo rarely meet him.
At one point of tho Cascade brand
of the Northern Pacific tho railroad de
scribes a horse-shoe which is two and a
quarter miles around, and onlv liftecc
hundred feet across tho hill at the open
end of it.
Clingstone, tho trotter thnt beat
Harry Wilkes in a great race at Detroit
last year, and who lias made a mile ir.
2:1-1. is said to be afflicted with Ids saint
old trouble weakness in tho legs and
it is thought his trotting feats aro over.
There are now in Swaim and othci
extreme western counties of North Car
olina 1,881 Cherokee Indians. They hola
73, 000 acres of land by deed of trust.
They are urged to go to Indian Ter
ritory, and aro considering tho matter.
A lake of salt water is reported tc
have been discovered recently neai
Akron, 0. It is over 1,000 feet deep,
and the surfaco is over 2, 100 feet below
the surface of tho earth. It was dis
covered by parties who wero boring foi
A Hamilton (Out.) hotel-keeper wa
recently arrested for having a light in
his bar-room during prohibited hours.
It has since been found out thnt tlm
light was a reflection from a gas-jet in
passage leading from the bar-room tc
the dining-room.
A Now Orleans citizen threo weeks
ago put a douhlo-yolkud egg under
sitting hen. Last Sundny a little head
came through each end of tho egg, aud
when the shell was removed, two chick)
wero found. They wero slightly united,
but were easily separated.
Jacob Woilor, aged 02, at Lobachs
ville, Pa., while at supper was inform
ed that a letter containing $1,700
back pension money had been received
for him. In hurrying to finish tho meal
a piece of meat became lodged in hii
wind-pipe and ho choked to death.
Philadelphia barbers are expressing
discontent in a different manner from
Boston members of tho profession. In
stead of closing business at any time
tho 5-cent barbers havo threatened tc
raiso the price to 10 cents, and great
excitement lias arisen in consequence.
A Kingston, N. Y., lawyer appeared
before the board of education of thai
city a few days ago and asked thnt a
SL030 assessment bo taken from the
properly of a neighbor and put upon
his own lot. This was such an extraor-
clinary request that tho members of tlm
board were nearly struck speechless.
A rather odd incident occurred one
day during a recent temperance camp
meeting at Spring Urovo, N. Y. A
hawk's nest had been broken up by
some boys, and when the old hawk dis
covered this she swooped down into
the crowd, seized a straw hat from a
man's head, and bore it away beyond
Tins skull of a man dug up at North
borough, Mass., last year, proves a
puzzle for the naturalists. Prof. Put
nam, of the Poabody museum at Cam
bridge, says it is the most remarkable
and interesting skull ho ever studied.
Not one of the gr6at collection of the
heads of the Peabodv museum is any
thing liko it.
Tlio aggregate of San Carlos agency
Indians in 1881 was 4, .178. Two years
later tho ofliciul numeration places the
number at 5,000, as fallows: White
Mountain Apaches, including Coy
otcros, 1,500; San Carlos Apaches,
1,150; Chiricnhuas, including Warm
Spring Indians, -150: Apache Yuma,
350; Apacho Tonto, 900; Apacho Mojave,
700. Supai, 214.
A codo of signals has beon arranged
for tho uso of transatlantic steamers to
warn one another of tho presence ol
ice. By tho adoption of this code a
steamer approaching tho ice region can
quickly ascertain from any vessel which
has crossed tho Newfoundland banks
just where ice was soon, and what kind
of ico (whether heavy pack, icebergs,
or light iield ice).
Farmer Daniel Wadsworth, of Wol
cott, N. Y., has established a now
branch of musical education. Instead
of making the hills resound with tiie
musical echoes of "P-o-o-e-o," when ho
wishes to call his hogs, ho merely
whistles "Yankee Doodle." and tho
herd comes in on tho run. Tlio intense
Americanism of the porkers is shown
by tho fact that they pay no attention
to any other tune.
In tho court of common pleas, Now
York city, Chief Justice Larramore dis
missed tho complaint of Patrick Clarke
against Hanson Parker, Jr., brought to
recover $50,000 for injuries recioved
wliilo assisting in unloading an ice
bargo. Tho plaintiffs neck was broken,
anil ho lay in Hellovtio hospital two
years. Tho peculiarity of tho casa
mado him tho themo of lectures at tho
time by several of the doctors in at
tendance. Sevoral months ago Annio Sheuly, a
voung Irish lass, waiting at tho table of
her master, Mr. Carroll, of Ireland,
was insulted by one of tho guests who
had boon drinking too freely. John
Carrol), a sou of tlio family, knocked
tho insulter down and followed up tills
hit of gallantry by falling in love with
tho pretty Annie. He said ho would
marry the girl, and tlio father turned
li in out of tlio house. He came to
America and dug ditches for a living.
This wcok Annio arrived at Now York,
and was scarcely ashore before her
ditch-digging, disinherited lover spied
her, and taking her beforo Ruv. Fattier
John J. Riordau, married her ou tho
A Splendid ltecord Trrtrl'lB 1,10 1n8t
Yenr Mnny lc'fsYi8 Snd froB
The operations' of ihe lifc-avifJ SeT
rico for tho' luteal year ending Juno SO,
1885, aro described at sonic length lit
tho annual report, whicli has just beon
published in a volume containing moro
than four hundred pages. Tho servico
:s still in tlio samo able liancls-tlrat havo
Drought it through many trial's- to Its
present cllicient state. Sumner I. Kim
Dall is tho general superintendent and
?apt. James II. Merrynian, of the
revenue marine, is inspector of life-sav-
ng stations. There aro 203 stations on-
tho Atlantic and Pacific coasts, tho
yU, and tlio groat lakes. Of these
aioro than half (105 are on tho Atlnn
;ie coast, between tlio top of Maine and
L-aiio May. 17 aro between Capo May
mil Key West, 5 aro on tho gulf coast,
10 aro on Lakes Krio and Ontario,
13 on Lake Huron and Superior, 10 on
l.ako Michigan, and 7 on tlio Pacific
roast. As a very largo share of the
ihipping conies into New York harbor,
md is thus brought close to one of the
oiost dangerous coasts, a largo number
jf tho stations are situated whero they
:an assist distressed vosels hound for
3t" from this port. There are 7) stations
Dii the coasts of Rhode Ihland, Long
island, aud New Jersey. There is one
river station at the "falls of tho Ohio,
Louisville, Ky., and tho writer can tcs
;ify from his own experience to tlio
oromptness and spirit with which tlio
members of that crew hasten to tho
elief of boats endangered by tho
alls. Tlio usual complement of men
it each station is six surfnien, ono
Df whom is tho captain in charge; but
jotno of tho stations havo seven and
lomo eight men. On the Atlantic
roasts tho season in which the stations
iro manned is from Sept. 1 to April 30.
In the words of tho report, "there wero
?5G disasters to documented vessels
rvithin tho Held of station operations
luring tho year. There wero on board
Iheso vessels 2.20G persons, of whom
.',190 wero 6aved and only 10 lost.
Tlio number of disasters involving tlio
;otal loss of vessels was 50. The esti
mated value of tlio 250 vessels was $3,
i 10,550. and that of thoir cargoes $1,
3S4.905, making tho total value of tho
property involved $1,G01,455. Of this
iniount $3,352,700 was saved and $1,
251,095 was lost. Besides these, thero
tvoro 115 instances of accidents to
imidl craft, as sailboats, rowboats, etc.,
an which wero 233 persons, all of whom
tvoro saved except one."
"Thcro wero 82 disasters in tho vl
rinity of Now York, in the territory
rovered by tho Third and Fourth dis
;ricts, on tho Rhode Island, Long Island
ind New Jersey coasts. Tlio total value
jf tho property thus endangered was
B1,GG7,1G5, of which $1,007,120 was
laved and $001,015 was lost. The num
Der of persons saved hero was 715, and
.he number of persons lost, one. The
;otal loss of lifo within the scope of tho
lorvieo is the smallest over reached
iinco its general extension, except in tlio
rear 1880, when but nino persons wero
.osr. The assistance rendered in sav
ng vessels and cargoes during tlio
rear was larger than in any previous
fear, except the last preceding." Bo
;weon the dato ot tho adoption of the
Diesent excellent system, Nov. 1, 1871,
md June 30, 1885, there wero 2,918 dis
asters to vessels, endangering 25,093
ives, and $51,7G3,G91 worth of proper
ly. Tlio total number of lives lost was
)tily 467, anil tlio value of tho property $15,485,705, showing that more
,han 70 per cenL of the lives
mdangered wero saved. Eight of
;hc ton lives lost in tho last year
rvere in tlio wreck of tho Norwegian
jark Lona, under circumstances that
.undo it possible) for tho life-savors to
render assistance in timo. Tho Lena
itruck on tho southeast bar of Hog
slnnd, Virginia, on Doc. 27, 1881. Slio
oas bound from Natal, Brazil, for Phlla
lelphia, with a cargo of sugar, and had
i crow of nino men. Tlio story of tho
srew's noblo efforts to rescue her cap
tain and sailors is full of oxcitomont.
Sho was discovered at 4 o'clock in tho
morning. "Tlio keeper at once ordor
)d out tho surfboat. Tho night was
lark and cloudy, and tho wind blow
ng moderately from tho north, but tho
ton, which was then at quarter ebb,
ivns extraordinary. Such a fury and
ronfusion of surf tho keeper declared
ao had not soon for cloven years. Tlio
lido was falling fast from tho beach,
md tlio apparatus was hurriedly got
ready and planted at low-water mark.
All this timo it had been thick and
iark, but toward 7 o'clock day-light
:nmo, and showed tho vessel leaping
ind staggering forward. Tho gun was
it onco trained upon her and tho first
ihot lired, but her great distanco from
ihoi o was at onco mado ovidont, for tho
lino fell short several hundred yards.
By 8 o'clock it began to snow. A
iccond was tired at the wreck, which
a-as still jumping and crashing with
.'earful violence, but tlio lino fell short
igaln, and a third shot likewise It
nrns now about 10 o'olock. Tlio snow
aad given placo to rain, but the sea
rontinucd appalling. Tho chance of
reaching tlio vessel oj' boat was no less
than desporato." But tho effort was
made, "For over an hour tho crow
toiled with almost breaking sinews,
jorpetually repulsed, and final
y, quito oxhaustod, was car
ried at least half a milo down the
oeach by the current, with tho boat
aearly full of water." Tho boat could
not get out "As night approached
the kcopor built a largo fire upon tho
jeacli aoreast of tlio wreck. An hour
before midnight a fog overspread tho
roaring wators and the vessel was shut
Ml' from viow. At 1 o'clock tlio next'
morning tho keepor saw vaguoly a
iark spot on tho sea through the hoavy
roiling of tho fog. Tho surfboat was
at once manned and put out through
tho darkness In a sea of commingled
sroakers and wreckage Willi great
jffort tho crow succeeded in reaching
.ho dim mass, and found that it was the
jabln and stern of tho wreck. On it
nvo men, still living, but moro doad
ihan alive, wero lushed, and tho lifeless
oody of tlio eaptalu." Theso men
ivcro taken unborn and saved. The
leven men lost had been in .the rigging,
md wore nil lost overboard, Hint the
saptalu died on the fragment of the
wreck. Nothing moro was ever seen
of lite hark except tlio bits of wreckago
that washed ashore.
For tlio support of tho life-saving
service, including salaries of all tho
officers inspectors, stinerintcnilcnts.
kebjiers and surfnien, and everything1
required for tlio maintenance of tho
203 stations, an appropriation of $852,
000 was mado last year. And the ex
penditures wero $788,209.91, leaving
$G3,700.C6 on linnd. Tho health of
the establishment is good, judging
from the item of $23 15 expended for
medicines. Tho entire cost of tho ser
vice, it will bo seen, falls about $2,500,
000 short of the value of tho property
saved in tho viciuity of Now York
alone, without putting any value at all
upon tho lives saved. Xew York
leisures thnt Offer Xo Unccurnscmont
to tlio Friends of Tcmpcrunco.
Onco a year The London Times makes
room for a detailed statement of En
gland's drink bill. That statement has
just appeared. It shows a reduction from
1881 for last year, but not a reduction of
a character to encourage tho friends of
temperance. For many years the state
ment has been mado by Mr. William
Hoyle, F. S. S,, but this time another
member of tho Statistical society, Mr.
Dawson Burns, D. D., signs ids namo
to tlio report. The British expenditure
upon drink in 1885 was $G1G,313,800, a
decreaso of about $15,000,000 from tho
preceding year. But Mr. Burns says:
"In regard to tlio causes of diminution,
wo must, I fear, look to the continued
and in somo quarters increasing de
pression of trade rather than to tlio
growth of thrift and teniperanco in tho
country. With tho removal of this do
prcssio'n wo should most probably find
the drink bill become heavier, and its
social sequences become darker." This
is a reasonable Inference from tlio sta
tistics of preceding years. The state of
trade in England always reflects itsolf
in tho drink bill. Mr. Burns gives the
footings from 18G0 to 1885 inclusive,
and they show this very plainly.
In tliat quarter of tlio century tho
drink bill has mounted from $125,000,
000 to $G1G,000,000. Mr. Burns says:
"Tlio years of commercial prosperity
brought with them a vastly augmentcil
oxpondituro upon strong drink, and
oven when that prosperity began to
decline tlio special impetus that had
been given to 'drinking habits resisted
for a time, and yielded but slowly to
the stress of diminishing resources."
That is to sav that people bogan by
economizing !u other directions, and
only cut down tlio drink oxpondituro
when they woro compelled to do so;
ovon then continuing to consume large
ly. Of courso tho increase between
18G0 and 1885 is partly accounted for
by tho growth of population, but Mr.
Burns holds that allowing for this the
increase in the drink bill shows a de
cline rathor than progress in temper
ance. "It is clear," lie says, "that tho
amount of tlio national drink bill is
still enormous, being equal to tho na
tion's expenditure for bread, butter, and
cheese; it is not short of the routs paid
for farms and houses in the United
Kingdom; is three times tho amount
spent for tea, sugar, coffee, and cocoa,
and is six times the amount of our ex
penditure on linen and cotton goods."
Taking tlio families of tlio United King
dom at six millions, tho gross oxpenifi
turo for drink in 1885 glvos an average
expenditure per family of $102.50, or
reckoning livo porsous to a family,
$20.50 per head. Of course, if thoso
who do not drink at all aro subtracted,
tho avorago is very much greater, ris
ing, in fact, to $170 per family of live
This is an enormous oxpondituro up
on drink; an enormous waste of capital
to put tlio fact plainly, for tho monoy
spent upon drink is as a rule nob only
thrown away, but much worse than
thrown away, being expended in tho
creation of a swarm of evils which
would not otherwise havo existod. It
may well bo asked what effect upon tho
general well-being of Great Britain
would bo produced by tho expenditure
of tills $600,000,000 upon productive
Industry, upon tho necessaries of lifo,
upon land nnd horses, upon education,
books, pictures, all that ministers to
nnd dovclops tho higher life of a nation.
There can be no doubt at all that a
largo percent ago of tlio poverty, desti
tution, ignorance, misery, which now
perplexes soeioty, would disappear if
tho constant leak of the drink bill
would be stopped. But though thoro
is much movement in thinking circles
at this (imp, though social problems
havo never been studied moro seri
ously, tho development of luxury and
gross material enjoyments prococds
oven moro ranidlv than tho evolution oft
patriotio solicitude nnd intelligence,
auu tlio example sot by tho rich is in
no way such us to incite tlio poor to
solf-rostraitjtj. England's drink bill is
a documqntxjwliioh lias for Americans
deep intorost, for our own oxpondituro
in tho samo direction is a duplicate of
that of our cousins across tho ocean,
and every consideration or argument;
springing from nnd relating to tho ono
caso lias equal signtitcanco lor tuo
other. How to get rid of this annual
record of gross indulgonco and suicidal
vice is tho most pressing question iu
both brandies of tlio great Anglo-Saxon
family. Neto York Tribune, '
Mlwwd iii tho Horning.
'Are the" .dews vrwrv heavy heroP"
inqulrod the'ffiwwt who was waiting to
bo sent as near to the roof as tho
shingles would 1st him go.
"I should say so," replied the brisk
clerk, reassuringly; "89 and 91 have
been here six weeks, with fivo extras a
day, without 'shewing a cent; 481 ' has
been owing us ever sinco last Hummer,
threo parlors" on the dining-room floor
are moro than a month behind, and
parlor A, who has been here five weeks,
borrowed $25 of the house lust night
and skinned with a month's board aud
oyer $200 on the bar books. Haavy
dues! Any batfgago? Pay In advauw,
please. Fronts Show the feitUwMUMt
to 980, In the annex, aud if It Wn't t
order have it put in ordw right awjf.
unange you in iwj Hiormjc, r." mm-