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About The Oregon scout. (Union, Union County, Or.) 188?-1918 | View Entire Issue (March 20, 1886)
FABM AM) GARDEN.
Gleanings from the Agricultural
A Iron t 15,000 acres is said to const!
ituto n fair Texas ranch.
- Tho cranberry crop in 1885 was 900,
(000 bushels, tho largest crop ever
Farmers in somo closely farmed dis
tricts aro questioning tho economy of
A flock of sheep in Kentucky soaked
"by rain froze together in tho succeeding
Thrco creameries in Madison county,
Iowa, pay $125,000 to 9150,000 annual
ly for milk and cream.
Jho Texas Stockman thinks steer
yearlings will open at not less than $8
and will go to $10 beforo tho season is
An elm transplanted is said to make
no moro wood in twelve or fifteen years
than ono in mother soil will in ten
Many of (ho diseases among hogs are
caused by keeping them in dark, titi
vcntilatcd cellars, wliero tho gases from
tho manure poison tho air.
Tho manager of tho Dwight farm in
Dakota attributes the quality of grain
grown in that territory to tho lurgo
quantity of alkali found in that soil. j
In buying feed stuffs always havo duo
regard to tho amount and valuo of tho
manuro their consumption will leave
AVailablo for use upon tho farm.
Tho wisdom of shortening tho dis
tance for immature racers is being dis
cussed. Speed alone, without thought
-of endurance, seems to bo tho solo ob
ject of breeder and trainer.
II. C. Htirloigh, beforo tho Now Eng
land J armor h Club, advised beginners
who enter into meat production, not to
"expect loo much from blood, neither
expect to succeed without it. lloth aro
indispensable to insure success."
Tho Poultry World says that tho
great success attained in developing tho
.Plymouth Itock and Wyandotte breeds
lias greatly encouraged tho making of
now varieties. Dozens of men aro
fluictly at work building up now breeds.
A successful dairyman in Illinois says
that ho is now feeding ono hundred
cows, and that nono of thorn gut a
pound of hay. He feeds altogether on
corn foddor, cut when in blossom, thou
bound and set up till cured. JIo har
vests about seven tons of this feed from
nn acre, and maintains that it is far
preferable to hay or other rough food.
' Tho cultivation of suniao is exciting
Increased attention every yoar, owing
to tho increased importation from Italy
and tho higher prico tho imported
product obtains over our nativo growth
(about $60 per ton), as well as to tho
now ascertained fact that the industry
of gathering and preparing tho leaves
in this country does not keep pace with
tho demand for tho product.
) Tho American Cultivator says :
"Many persons aro prevented from us
ing petroleum on woodwork by four
that it will make tho wood moro inflam
mable. This is not tho case. Tho oil
enters tho pores and so tills them that
tho wood is harder and less likely to ig
nlto than beforo. Coal oil or crude
potrolonin, with something to givo it
may, makes a cheap paint for all wood
en implements, and to coat over tho
Iron work of plows and cultivators to
prevent them from rusting in tho win
I Kvory bco master should tako special
pains in spring to ascertain constantly
tho amount of store oacli hivo contains!.
If ho has uncapped most of tho honey,
and this has resulted in a larger supply
boing required to maintain tho increas
ing number of bees, it is ovidont tho
lilvo will starvo unless syrup is applied
to it, or honey In considerable quantity
is being gathered. A stimulated hivo
requires additional euro in this respect,
and its wants must bo supplied artificial
ly if thoy aro not satisfied naturally.
Cream cheese is inado in England as
follows: Take a quart of cream, or, if
not desired very rich, add t hero to ono
pint of now milk. Warm it in hot wa
ter till about 1)8 dog., add a tablespoon
ful of rennet, lot it stand till thick, then
break it slightly with n spoon and place
"It in n frame in which you havo previ
ously put a lino canvas cloth, press it
slightly with a weight, let it stand a few
hours, then put a finer cloth in tho
frame: a llttlo powdered salt may bo !
put over tho cloth. It will bo fit for use
in a day or two.
Thoro is no way to mako good ehoeso
except by using tho whole milk. Skim
ming the milk at night, and adding tho
skim milk to tho morning's milk, will
not answer. It makes a fair quality of
cheese, but tho difl'orenco in prico of tho
bettor article will bo more than tho
value of tho cream taken off. Our
Canadian neighbors, knowing this fact,
havo secured tho Kngllsli markets,
whero American cheeso was onco in
demand. It does not pay to mako a
poor article. Thoro is a small gain at
first, but a heavy loss in tlto end.
Tho Farmers Advocate, Can., speci
fies tho following winter food for tho
tallion: Oats, with a mixture of cluan,
early cut timothy and clover, should lie
tho basis of tho ration, but as all
animals flollght in a change of diet,
other foods should bo used to mako a
vsrlety. Wheat bran is not only a food
rich in bono and umsclo forming
material, but is tho medicine for tho
bowels also tho safest and cheapest.
Corn and barley should also bo given
(nt a change, and when a greater varie
ty is desired, small quantities of wheat
and oil cako may be given.
Tho care of the barn must continue to
bo tho most impoitant work of the
farmer. Whatever other work ho may
neglect he must not neglect tho regu
lar feeding of his stock, for at this rea
son tho farm animals aro so dependent
upon him that tho least neglect will
cause a loss. The milch cows demand
tho most careful attention or their flow
of milk can not bo kept up. The sheep
that nro to drop early Iambi must not
only receive regular attention, but they
must bo provided with cood quarters.
especially when thoy aro about to drop
Tho factory system lias worked a
revolution in cheeso making in this
country, but it has not done so much for
butter making. Tho bulk of cow butter
is still made on farms, and there is one
reason why it probably will continue to
bo. Tho skim mill; is of great valuo for
feeding pigs and for other purposes,
while the whey from cheese is worth
little or notlitnir. Tho dairy M'tem of
butter making will probably insure! a
better and more uniform product, but
there is another difficulty to bo taken
into account, winch is tho loss from
churning tho cream of a great iiuinboi
of cows together.
Tho Western Agriculturist snvs: "At
many of the stock exchanges and livery
stables whero horses arc kept for sale
or trade, a part of tho floors aro nicely
and purposely prepared for tho improve
ment of tho condition of horses that have
been badly injured in tho feet, limbs and
shoulders. What is tho remedy these
men employ and rely on? The earth
floor, that has stood tho test of all ages.
It acts as a preventive of tho many
evils that necessarily originate whom
ever the plank floor system is brought
into use. It requires little more labor
to keep an earth floor in good condition,
than to keep tho plank floor in repair."
In managing live stock n, main thing
is to look to tho comfort of the animal.
No animal thrives at. the same time that
it is cold ami uneasy, while a quiet ap
pearance is a sure indication of thrift.
When tho observing fanner sees a rest
less and uneasy animal ho will know
something Is wrong; ho will treat it to
removo tho cause if he studies his best
interests. Wo do not maintain but that
somo animals aro by their very natures
restless under any treatment; such will
usually bo found unthrifty and unpro
fitable in tho same degree, and had but
ter be weeded out, unless, perhaps
there is somo chance of reforming
Tho Country Gentleman says: "Wo
have often had occasion to observe the
benefit derived from laying down the
most commonly cultivated grape vines
on tho approach of winter, oven if such
sorts as are reputed hardy, in localities
whero they aro not winter-killed. Tho
work has been easily done by holding
them to their prostrate position with
short sticks of wood, and without cover
ing, and whom they obtained some
warmth from the earth and were out of
tho reach of severe winds. A vinoyard
ist once informed us that if ho had ex
pended a week's work in laying down
his vines, it would havo saved him from
a loss of $1,200, but it was an unusual
Tho Turf, Field and Fireside recom
mends the following scientific method
of treating cider to preserve its sweet
ness. When the saccharine matters by
fermontation aro being converted into
alcohol, if a bent tube bo inserted air
tight into tho bung, with the other end
into a pall of water, to allow tho car
bonic acid gas evolved to pass oil' with
out admitting any air into tho barrel, a
beverage will be obtained that is fit nec
tar for tlto gods. A handy way is to
fill your cask nearly up to tho wooden
faucet when the cask is rolled so the
bung is down, (let a common rubber
tube and slip it over the end of the plii-
in tho faucet, with tho other end in tho
pail. After tho water ceases to bubble
bottle or store away.
French Railway Murders.
A Paris correspondent of The New
York World writes: Tho lato murder
of tho prefect of Euro in a compart
ment of a railroad-car has again called
tho attention of the public to the disad
vantages nnd dangers of the present
system, and tho advantages that would
follow a change to forms of railway
carriages moro or less like tho Ameri
can. In answer to questions asked in
tho assembly the other day, tho govern
ment replied that tho attention of the
railroad companies had often been call
ed to tho danger of the present form of
carriage, and the desirability of having
an aisle running through the car from
end to end. To this reasonable sug
gestion tno companies never vouch
safed a reply, nnr docs it appear that
thoy have ever taken any steps to mod-
ny me oiu system, tnougii it appears
from ollicial records that eighteen per
sons have been assassinated on railway
trains in Franco alone since 18G0. To
change tho cars now in use in this
country, which number many thous
ands, by running an aisle through
them, would so weaken them that they
would have to be discarded, or at least
render them dangerous. It might ren
der necessary the taking out all the
transverse partitions, which, as the cars
aro not so solidly built as in America,
might also compel taking away the sido
walls or to discard everything except
trucks, which would bo in effect the en
tiro rebuilding of the car. Still, some
thing of tho kind has been dono in
northorn Italy, where, on sonic of the
roads, carriages aro found with the
aisle as suggested, the scats being ar
ranged in unequal numbers alternately
on cither side
fin . I
j no arrangements lor giving an
alarm in case of personal danger are
ridiculous, and all of them presupposo
the assassin has openly shown his in
tentions to his victim, who has thus
been given an opportunity to leave his
scat and touch the signal. On some
lines there is a ring attached to a cord
in a littlo recess in the partition be
tween the compartments, covered on
each sido with glass, which must bo
broken beforo tho ring can bo reached.
On other lines there is an electric but
ton, very likely not to operate when
most needed. Some other devices
aro equally absurd and equally
unavailable to the surprised
traveler who finds himself in the pres
ence of a resolute ami well-equipped
murderer. Tho public and tho press
seem to bo united in demanding a
cliango in the present form of railroad
cars which shall not only render them
safe, but add to them somo of tho com
forts and conveniences to which Ameri
cans havo been long accustomed, and
which aro now regarded as indispensa
ble. La France even goes so far as to
say that the stylo of American cars is
implicity to be followed.
Treatment or Dcrcnncles 1'rlsonen
by tlio Apaches.
When the Apaches capture a whiM
man, woman, or child, they first trip
them of their apparel, tie their hands,
and, if in a hurry, lead them with a
rope at a rapid rate of speed over rough
trails for long distances. Cifmping.
they lash their prisoner tight toacactm
for tho night. On the march they wit
taunt you in your own language, asking
you if you prefer a carriage to ride in.
During tho night, while you would b(
lashed naked to a prickly cactus, tin
boy Apaches would shoot their arrow?
at you, and approach and stick them
into you; and then approach again and
pull them out of your flesh. Some ol
these young fiends, better than the rest,
would approach and cut oil ynur ears.
When the timo for your torturou!
death arrived, they would cause a rat
tlesnake to bito you in tho face. Then
they would place a quantitv of buniinj!
coals beneath your feet, and with pin
cers tear oil' your finger-nails. Thi
would bo followed by skinning yoiu
arms and legs; then taking olf yoiu
scalp and slapping it in your face.
During all this time the squaws would
act like demons, committing nameless
If such a method as the above shoitlc
not bo adopted, they would extend you T inQTirr
on the ground and drive a pole orwhif- JjIVul J
iiu-ireu inruiign irom end to end; ot
they would hang you up by the feet to
the limb of a tree and build a lire under
The entire variety of their torture i?
only known to themselves, and tho tor
tures performed by the squaws arc ol
such a description as to prevent their be
ing published in any newspaper.
Another method of torturo after 'muti
lation is to bury the victim alive in the
solid earth up to his neek, and beat tho
head on with clubs, or leave him thus
helpless to die.
These aro only a few of the many
torturous deaths inflicted by the
Apaches, and many persons who are ex
posed in their vicinity carry derringer
pistols with which to blow out their
own brains in case they are surprised
and havo timo to do so before they are
in tho grasp of tho fiends, Tombstone
Union Milling Co.'s
TAKES THE LEAD
Wherever I! his been tiled.
For Sato by nil the L.cntllnc Dealer
ROWLAND & LLOYD
Main Street, Union, Ore.
Keen constantly on hand a Inrce stiinllr
of Parlor and lied Room sots, Redding,
Desks, Oflice Furniture, etc.
IJphoUtcrliii; Done In the Ilext St)le
Lounges, Mattresses, and nil kinds of
Furniture made to order.
W. T. WmoiiT.
Corner Main and C Streets, Union.
Does a General Dunking J'.usinrss. Days
and Mis exchange, and diM-ounU com
All kinds of photographic work dono in a
superior manner, anu according
to tho latest and most
Views of residences taien on appli
rAll work wurrnntcd to give sutisfac-
attended to, nnd
Opposiit. Centk.nni.u. Hotki..
JOHN S. EI.10TT,
JONES DUO'S, Props.
y Hits on L cSamlm
Having furnished this old nnd popular
hostelry with amnio room, plenty ol feed,
cood hostlers nnd new buggies, is better
prepared than ever to accommodate cus
tomers. My terms aro reasonable.
Adam Choshma.v, Pitopitinroii.
Has now on hand and for sale the best of
SHEEP SKIN'S, ETC.
imici'i.a.i fiiii i:s
Puid for Hides nnd Pelts.
A Profitable Pass.
Three or four years ago a Michigan
Central Railroad train ran into a farm
er's rig at a crossing and killed tho old
man and both horses. Tho old woman
was found a pretty easy customer to
settle with. She took S'.'OO for tho
horses, $'2,000 for tho old man and a
life-pass in payment of her own shaking
up. Within six weeks after getting tho
pass slto went down to visit her daugh
ter near Chicago, and t'vo days after
ward returned to her son's near Detroit.
Since that date she has used tho pass
regularly four times per week, or a
matter of 800 times. Travel seems to
benefit her, and she expects to put in at
least ten moro years of life. MciH
King Umberto's Nephew.
Tho eldest son of tho Duko of Aosta
(King Humbert's brother) has just en
tered the Italian Army as a volunteer.
This young Prince, who bears the title
of tho Duko of Puglia, is just turned
seventeen, being somo months older
than his cousin, the heir apparent to tho
throne of Italy. A year's servico as a
volunteer dipenses tho young soldier
from the conscription, to which other
wise all Italian subjects aro liable, high
and low alike. Hut I don't supposo tho
young Duko wishes to avail himself of
tliis immunity, for tho profession of
arms is traditional and hereditary in his
family and it seems natural for tho eld-1
est son of eacli branch to bo a soldier,
not as a mere form but in earnest. I
am reminded by this word of his illus
trious grandfather, Victor Emmanuel,
and of yot one more littlo incident which
must bo chronicled in roforeneo to his
lately deceased morganatic wife, tho
Countess Mirafiora. At tho grand
memorial mass held in tho Pantheon on
the lGth Inst., among tho innumerable
wreaths laid around tho dead King's
tomb was ono of fresh natural llowcrs
veiled with crape. Tho ribbon with
which it was tied boro tho lato Coun
tess's monogram and tho words "Son?
con lui" (I am with him). From a
Late Home Letter.
No Profit in Conversion.
"My dear friend," said a long-haired
countryman to tho biographical ex
pounder of a dime museum, "is that un
fortunate being really a cannibal?" and
no indicated a South Sea islandor from
Cork who was sitting on a itivan.
"Yes, sir, that great living curiosity
was captured while in tho act of roast
ing a Presbyterian missionary over a
"Great heavens!" gasped tho coun
tryman, "can't you convert him?"
"Convert hlmS" said tlto biographer
with disgust. "Do you suppose tho
great American public would' pay ,10
cents to see a ChrUtlau?" Mtsbur.qh
Sho Shocked tho Divine.
A prominent divino was tho invited
guest of Mr. 1$. and family. Miss Alice,
tho charming daughter of tho host, was
gracing tho festivity, and said impulsive-
"Oh, mother, I'vo Leon roasting up in
my room all afternoon. It's hotter
"Allco!" said tho father, sternly.
"1 say it's hotter than"
"Allco!" said tho mothor, oxcltodly,
and tho divino looked at her in alarm.
"I say it's hotter than I over saw it
before," continued tho young lady cool
ly, "and I just sat there without a
Uilng on "
"Oh, Allco!" said her father in alarm.
This timo tho divino was thoroughly
"1 just sat thoro without a thing on "
"Oh, Alice!" said the mother, almost
"I say 1 just sat there," continued the
girl, not noticing tho interruption, "I
just sat thoro without a thing on oxoept
my very lightest Ntimmer clothing, ami
read my Hiblo all tho afternoon. Will
you havo some moro soup, doctor?"
Literary Mutual Admiration.
Tho true reason, we suspect, why nc
ono who can In spoken of as a success
or, at however long an interval, tc
Dickens, Thackerv. or Macaulay, has
yet appeared, is to be found in tho
broad fact that, whereas during the first
live-and-twenty years of tho century,
novelists, historians, and pamphleteers
wrote beforo all things for the general
public, and with a habitual eye to tho
effects of humor and humanity, which
nrist and delight tho attention of man
kind en niasso, those who havo come af
ter them are animated rather by a re
gard for tho traditions of a particular
school or a fear of tho criticisms of the
special coterie to which they are effect
cd. Mutual admiration societies are
fatal to tho development of English
novelists built on tho linos of Thaekery
and Dickens. Tho awe of cliques, and
the slavish anticipations of the verdict
which may bo pronounced by the shal
low aristarciu ot a little knot of prigs
and pedants nro inconsistent with the
free play of thought and the catholic ex
ercise of fancy which givo the world
books that it would not willingly let die.
Our litcrateurs appeal primarily not
orbi but urbi, and even so, less to the
general public as tho great city itself
than to an insignificant and opinionated
subjection of that public. When Lord
Houghton died, kst autumn, some ol
the newspapers dismissed him disparag
ingly as a second-rate poet, as if poets,
like bchool-boyi or cheap London houses,
must bo arranged in classes. Hut the
fact remained that so long as Lord
Houghton was with us English litera
ture possessed ono figuro who most
agreeably and not umvprthily repre
sented it on all public occasions, and
who could bo trusted to maintain its
interests and reputation in any assem
bly, whether of Englismen or foreign
ers. Does there exist to day within tho
four seas any substitute for Lord
Houghton of whom tho same can bo
said? Houghton was not a Dickens, a
Thackeray, a Macaulay, or a Tennyson;
but ho was tho best known and most
popular symbol of the literary craft;
and if ho was only second rate is not
tho mediocrity of tho professors of that
craft whom ho has left behind him ren
dered tho moro patent a mediocrity
explicable, as it would seom, only by
roforeneo to tho considerations which
havo just beon urged? In literature and
art, as in statesmanship, tho public
looks for loaders who can form its taste,
and round whom it can rally. It Is
destined apparently so to look for somo
tlmu in vain. Tho retrospoct, at any
rate, of tho death roll of 1S85 goes far to
Justify the statement that we can roach
he html of LHliput without shaking tho
dust of Westntlnstor on tho Strand, of
Pall Mall or Patornostor row, oil' our
feet. London World.
Corner Main and A Streets, Union.
E. MILLER, - - Proprietor.
Keeps always on hand tho finest brands of
r The very best
the market, at L
lunch 1!5 cents.
can save From $-50 to $100 on the
mirrliufin of im inAlrmnnn. !.
w. x. 1VKIISIIX, gent. Union, Ogn.
Buy the llaywurd
Everybody should have. them. Men,
women or children can nso thorn. Thou-
Hands of dollars worth of property saved
every day. They don't freeze, aro not in
jurious to flesh or fabric, and aro alwayi
ready. You cannot afford to be without
O. J. Recht. Gen. Agent. 1 U l Market St.,
Pan Francisco, Cal. Cook it Dwight, Agts.,
La Grande, Oregon.
Corner of Main and 1$ streets, Union.
j.agor and jiock lieer in
cents a quart. Reor and
A flno billiard table for tho nccommoda-
iion oi customers, urop in and no socia
FEED AND LIVERY STABLE
Near the Court House.
A. 1-. bKNso.v, - - PiioiMtn:Toit.
Pino turnouts and first-elns-. rigs for tho
iu-eoiumodatioii or tho public generally.
Conveyances for commercial men a Me
isj-ine accommodations lor feed cannot
Do excelled in the valley. Terms reasonable.
Rest Havana Pilled
5 Five Cent Cigar.
Jones Bros., agents, Union.
E. GOLLINSKY & CO.
VARIETY AND FANCY (IOODS,
.i:ntm fijicni.miim. :oos.
KEY WEST Imported Havana Cigar.
Two doors south of Jones Rros.' store,
i mini, unuii,
.1. M. Johnson,
Hair cutting, shnving and fdiniiipooing
iiiiiiu uuuiiy iiuii in iiiu nest style.
CITY v MAT MARKET
Main Street, Union, Oregon.
IJkxson Riio.'s - - Phoimuutous.
Keep coiibtnntly on hand
REEF, PORK, VEAL. MUTTON, SAU
SAGE, HAMS, LARD, ETC.
Upon ait Investigation which precluded the
Introduction of ncwlng In tlie public sohooU of
a town containing: more than ten thousand In
habitant, It was found that only kit of tie
glrU who crowded the M-hoolt knew how to
sew. Many had never t-eou a thimble, fur
ther Inquiry dbnvered that many mothers of
thcfce children did not know ho.v to ttrw. but
a nuniBu auruiu, .nc, ua-. orucrM a act t pgui;iit,"ivaiiinOe" cintutug uthey nevdej
of fale teeth for her axed pet pony, Itl
Dan. F, Mooui:,
A well stocked bnr in connection with
tho house, and nono but the beat brand
of liquors und rigain kept.
LAUOKUAMPhK ROOMS for tho ac
miuodution of commercial travelers.
Glassware, Musical 111811-111116111-8, IV.tuiS
Frames and Pictures, Moulding,
Rird Cagoa, Unby Car
Candies and Nuts,
Stationary,. School Rooks, Periodical,
Novels, etc., of every description.
ALL KINDS 01 FltESH FRUITS
Always ou hand.
Wo keep constantly on hatd ev
usually kept in a nrbvciuosTuneiy
tQnlcrs from any part-ot the country
will be promptly attended vu.