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About The Oregon scout. (Union, Union County, Or.) 188?-1918 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 16, 1886)
THE OREGON SCOUT.
JONI2S A: OIIANCI5Y, PiiblUlicni.
' Tho big-footed girl is said to be well
Lightning-rod men aro not afraid ol
The only way to be happy Is to make
The eagle is tho bird of freedom, but
the turkey has tho most friends at thi?
season of tho year.
"Well, this is a new wrinkle," said
tho pork-packer when they raised his
pew-rent. "Gospel going up and pork
When tho preacher pulls off both lib
overcoat and undercoat in church on a
cold Sunday, look out for warm work in
What this country needs as much
as anything if a three-cent piece
that can't swindlo a near-sighted man
out of seven cents every timo it bobs
An Ohio girl has tho biggest feet on
earth. Her father advertised that he
twould fill her shoos witli silvor as a
dowry, and now she has twenty oflern
Tho President's mcssago is about six
times as long as tho averago lovo story,
and yet it leaves tho country in doubt
as to what ho intends to do about got
( llawthorno said ."that manual labor
was part of tho primeval curse, and
that it brutificd who over had to do with
it." Now wo know w?v tho American
tramp' won't saw wood. ,
1 L J Voh want to livo to a rlpo old ago,
lon't worry about riches. It is found
thnt tho contcnarlans nro mostly people
in humble circumstances. "Poor and
content is rich, and rich enough."
Tho discovery has been mado that
tho world doesn't rovolvo with tho
same momentum it did a thousand
years ago, but it still swings around
fast enough to satisfy tho man witli a
heavy. unto mminir tun ... ,
"Tlicr'j is companionship in a glow
ing grate, anys tho man who can sea
poetry and sentiment in i. water-plug.
Yes, yas porhaps so, to tho man who
doosn't havo to get up whon tho mer
cury is onf, of sight and start tho liro.
Singular, isn't it, that when a man
gives his wifo a dimo to buy a box of
hair-pins or a gum ring for tho baby, it
looks about seven times as big as it doc
when he planks it down on tho counter
in exchange) for a littlo bitters for tho
etomneh's sake. Chicago Ledger.
Lords and Commons.
In no respect is tho physical and ma
terial dillV.renco between tho houso of
lords and tho houso of commons more
Htrongly marked than in respect to the
lobbies. Tho lobby of the houso of com
mons is ono of its most important and
indispensable appendages. Keeent reg
ulations hi'vo robbed it of koiuu ol its
bustling appearance. Hut tho fact re
mains that there are many nights in tho
Hussion when more real business Is
transacted in tho lobby of tho houso ot
commons than under tho oyo of tho
speaker. Tho lobby of tho lords is much
jiinaller than that across tho way, and is
glorilicd by a bra.su gate that is wortli a
journey to soe. Tho principal members
of 1 1 10 commons stroll out into the lobby
to talk witli eaoh other or with friends
from the outer world. Tito lords novvr
gossip, and save when tliey come stream
ing forth after a big division tho lobby
has a deserted, almost ghostly look, in
tensified by tho upright rails and hooks
placed for hats and coats. All tho peg:i
nro labeled, and tho highly favored
etrangor strolling in hero will look with
nwoupona big, rather broad brimmed
hat on a peg labeled "Marquis of Salis
bury;" on a walking stick which is all
that represents tho grace and coinliness
of Earl Granville; on tho mysterious
coat attached to the name"Lord Stratho
den and Campbell," and seeming to
wrap within its dark folds the secret
history of Europoan statecraft; or a
time-worn invernoss over .which tho
iianio of Lord Shorbrooko blinks. Tht
Jitigliih Illustrated Magasinc.
Tho Fatal Watoh.
Tho Into Dr. McLean sometimes, in
feeling tho pulse of his patients, held his
watch in his hand and counted tho
pulsations. On ono occasion, when do
ing this, hU watch stopped suddenly
in his hand, ami his patient, contrary to
his expectation, died. Ho related nds to
a party of gentlemen, among wkom was
Davy Harris, a well-known citizen of
our county, long timo clerk of our in
forlor court. Not long after, Harris was
taken sick nnd sent for tho doctor.
When tho doctor arrived ho was a groat
deal bettor, ami was sitting on tho piazza
at Maj. Hurt's, whoro ho lived. Tho
doctor felt his pnlso nnd unconsciously
nulled out his watch. Harris, remem
bering tho incident, said: "Don't pull
that d n watch out on me." Tho watoh
stopiHid. hi forty-eight hours ho was a
corpse Telair (Af. V.) USmef.
Sharp Enough to Cut Butter.
Ono of thoso fihnrp v.nbtern fellows
waH looking for alul In Calaveras
sountv. when ho met f- troy at a railroad
crossing. Ho inquired of tho boy whoro
tho railroad went to.
"It don't tro nnvwhcro. sir." was tho
ronh' "Thev keen it hero to tun tho
r on." California Maverick.
Th Cupturo orConcrodnnmn Ely nt tlio
J lrot Hull Jtuu.
An incident which occurred at the
first battle of Dull Hun lias been
brought to your correspondent's
mind, nnd ho ia induced to writo it
because thoso who figured in it were
prominent in political circles, and the
fate of ono was so hnppy compared
with that of the other, that tho sub
ject becomes ono of great interest.
As tho reader will remember, a great
many curious people went down from
Washington to seo tho impending
fight, and among tho number was tho
Hon. Alfred Ely, a member of Con
gress representing tho Rochester, N. Y.,
In another carringo wan tho Hon.
Calvin Hudson, Jr., who was Mr. Ely's
political opponent in tho rnco for Con
gress, and who had married tho niecd
of Secretary Seward.
Mr. Ely left his carriage torcconnoi
tcr, and had placed a big tree between
himself nnd tho'storin of bullets which
wcro Hying thick nnd fast, and which
had burst suddenly on thesight-sccing
IJcforo ho could get away a detneh
mcnt of rebel cavalry enmo along and
wanted to know who bo was.
"Me? I nm Mr. Ely."
"Who in h-11 is Mr. Ely."
"I, sir, am a member of Congress
from New York."
"Tho h 11. Say that over, will
"I am the Hon. Alfred Ely, member
of Congress from Now York."
Whereupon tho confederate an
nounced that ho was tho very man ho
had been looking for all day, and with
drawn revolver tho unwise Yankee was
invited to climb up behind his captor,
whmn 0 "id with alacrity.
In this particular nu: sis
not unlike that of his -New xorKDrotn-
er . . . , .
lie was. left alono sitting m his car
rluRowhcn lm suddenly discovered tho
enemy approaching, when ho took to
tho Holds. J to auerwaro unnuu up-im
the houso of a farmer nearCenterviIle,
where ho was surrounded by rebel
nini-nfu n,wl innilo n. nrisnnnr. and on
the 27th of July ho was taken to Lib-
by, whero almost tlio nrst person nu
nnw wnH TClv hi Into nolitical adver
sary from tho samo city and state,
botli captured under tne samo umui
tunato circumstances, now both pass
ing under tho same rebel-bestowed cog
nomen, viz: "Distinguished Ynnkeo
Air. lily Had no moro tnan eiueiuu
t.lm wiNnn until bo beuan to invent a
way to get out. A general exchange of
....!.. .?. ....... I. f tin f t tin
flint Riifih n.n
notion would have a tendency to rec-
... , I II! .. -. t.t
ognizo tlio states in roociiion ub u uei
ligerant power, tho proposition was
Hudson wroto to his uncle, . II.
Rmi'iiwl niwl ruin wnnlil MllinOSO that
tho tio of relationship between tho sec
retary of state nnd tho husband ot
KSu tilni.i ii'rMilfl niincn cnnin Hnocinl of
111.-7 i 1 itv.u n w 11 tv vinojw uwxiw
forts to effect his release, but it seemed
that it could not bo done.
U'liili. Mi. V.v mi(Tnvii1 nnlv ill 1)0111"
deprived of his freedom, Hudson was
physically unwell, wincn mnuo ins 10c
n innrn liltrilnltumillt nill. I'OOl' Illld-
boiiI He left his homo and young wife,
nevor dreaming wnac tno consequent
of his untoward action would be.
On tho 10th of September following
ho was taken with typhoid fever, nnd
began to fail rapidly. Through tho ex
ertions of Mr. Ely ho was tauon to tho
i-nuiilom.it nf Mr. Jnlill Villi Low. wllO.
with her lovely daughter, did every
thing possible to nurso uiu hick umn
back to life. Hut ero ho had left tho
prison tho shadowy valley had been
entered, and on tho 11th day of Octo-
1 1 . 1.. . -i.i. - i:f.. ....... .t.f
nor nis ih'ijjul yuunn mu num uu.
Mr. Ely (who. on his parole was al
lowed to visit tho sick-room, and who
paid all tho expenses of tho funeral!,
was among tho small number who fol
lowed tho remains to Mrs. Van imw s
( ink in Plinreh 1 Iill Pomotorv.
whoro they were peacefully laid to rest,
11.. .1 f....i...: ,....ii.. r..
1110 UlllUlUl pel viuu uuiui; uj -iviji.
Inl... 'P Miiww 11 in-wniiiii' nnd ('Illinium
IIUIIII Aililllin'i 11 I ' . w . . - i
in a Maine regiment nnd who now re
sides in Wnlhvuh.N. .1. Tholittlobana
of warriors remained until tho grave
was tilled, when Miss Van Low placed a
collection of llowers on tho mound,
ana tno dona wasieitaiono. inrs. vim
Low and family returning to their
homos, and Eli and Mir.es to tho nar
row confines of their now moro than
ever drenrv nrison.
Shortly after this event tho
Hon. (Mmrles J. Faulkner, of
KnnMi Cnrnliim. who hnd been
iiiMi'iiunnf tiiir tlm Unit id States at tho
Court of St. James, hearing of tho
state ot altairs 111 tun country, return
ed home, and as his state was in open
revolt against tho I'nion ho was ar
rested in ow i oric aim imprisoned.
fiiiltcinnliiititlv. 1m Mna flllnw'Ofl tn Yirn.
fcj tIl.aV.Ikl. .1 V .J ..M II. .u iiiiwiivi. . v x
ceed on his parolo tthe South for tho
t I.....,.! Imiil K!j nvnliniiim
tor Ely, who was mado awaro of tho
proposition. Faulkner, who was very
popular with his people, was received
mill, ntifill I1IM11U 11 11,1 wllllll Ilrt lllllfln
known to tho rebels tho terms of his
nvnllllliml tllllV ilk nill'rt Hllill. "V(I Will
givoa dozen'Elys for you." Tho re
sult can bo easily imagined. Tho ox-
change was agreed to, aim tno 11111
l-ini Cniiirressiiian made arrange
tiiniitn tn ilnnnrt. After ho had cone.
however, u carpenter, who had felt
.i.iii.!ii-ii1 nt Klv fnt Rniini trivial rea-
1 1 xf I ' ' 1 v -" " - ........
son, told tho prison ollicials that tho
trunk, which had Doun mado at tlio
prison, and in which Ely had packet!
all his MSS., had a falso bottom to it,
nnd tliat ho was carrying off a whole
nest of contraband articles, Anotllcer
..no tlinifnni KKiik ill link linntn ifti'f
lilm, nnd ho was overtaken on the
truco boat, whero tno cneat was in-
tirw(l tA frtiiml to u nil ri'ht. mill
ho was allowed to go on. Ely did have
a false bottom put in tho trunk, but
... 1 ... 1 ti
luterwnra discovered mac no wouia
be allowed to take nnytmng no want'
ed, and for fear hi trio!; might bo dis
centred ho wretly tore It out.
THE ST UP J D VlLJiAGKK.
Burdctto Compares IHm with
Sonic City Folk.
"I am simply staggered by the
onaquo stupidity of tho averago vil
lager," saya Miss Ivato Field, as
quoted by a New York reporter. "I
am just from Clifton Springs, nnd
have had an allopathic doso of rural
stupidity. I speak the sad truth,"
sho continues, "enlightenment pre
vails most exclusively in tho cities.
In tho small villngo ignorance stalks
on every corner in unblushing effront
ery. As soon as tho young men (in
tho country village) arrive at man's
estnto they seek sociability at tho bar
room." Now, thero is a great deal of ead
truth in all that. The very saddest
kind of truth. Ah, yes. How opaque
tho stupidity ot tho village er
rand boy; how clear the intelli
gence of tho "rapid messenger" of the
city, who keeps your message a week
and then gives it to the wrong person.
How faultless the porter; how marvel
ously accurate tho waiter; how seldom
or never do we scarcely hear any com
plaint on tho part of city people of tho
stupidity of city servants. And tho
wisdom of the city man in tho higher
walks of life. With what intelligent
caution docs ho look about him in tho
railroad car, to see it any man be near
to hear, before ho tells his wife whoth
'er the field of millet they are passing is
wheat, or. spring rye, or winter oats
or buckwheat. Ana when ho tells lior
that tho Horry ox is so called becauso
ho is always a red ox, and the off-horse
is only used to help pull up hill, how
does tho stupid villager hide his dimin
ished opnquo bond.
"Rural stupidity" oven in homeo
pathic doses, will staro at a
balloon until it is out ot sight,
but you must go on Broadway to
see tho superior mteiiigenco 01 uiu city
.1 .1 -.f rin liiminnaa mm.
asseniuio a crown ui ouu unoiuvsiiiiitii
around a hole in the ground to watch
a counlo of Irishmen dig down to a.
leakygas main. It is in tho city of
New York that tlio poiico nave to
nliini. Um Kirl mi'll HfH IUld COIlinel tllO
crowd of enlightned business men to
move on whena stngohorsefallsdown.
It is New York city that intelligent
people tramplo each other to death in
order to see tlio wind mow a mini
straw hat off tho Brooklyn bridge.
One cannot remain a great whilo in
the city without observing tho supe
rior intellectuality of tho people.
Yes, it is "tho sad truth; enlighten
ment prevails almost exclusively in
the cities,' whilo "in tho small village
ignorance stalks in unblemishing
effrontery on every corner." Ah,
yes. Tho enlightenment 01 tno
lower wards, for instance. Tho
charming lefinoment of Bedford
street, Philadelphia. Tho superior
culture and intellectuality found in
the slums of New York. How refresh
inn, indeed, after "an allopathic doso
of rural imbecility at Clifton Springs,"
is an intellectual stroll down the
academic shades of Baxter street.
After the "narrow limited compass"
nf t lin fn vlli ivllllkinv tn the Platonic
soul to fly from tho "depressing social
. A , 1 ! 1 ...1. 1.1...
intercourso ot tne vmngo una buuK uiu
om.iu ViWin v
in tho haunts of tho slugger; how
tonic, how broadening tno sapient
conversation of the tough nnd tho
sand-bagger. After the "corroding
prejudice that warps tno views 01
.in ii.rii iiiii.iliirl fi lnlnl'i, wlVPSt. bow
HIVI-IITI HIUIIIVII ( lllltiiv. w .... , ..
liko tho manna of tho brain comes to
tho hungry mind tho improving con-
vorantinnVif tlin liidv who Vllllks HlCS
out of tho gutter with an iron hook;
how welcome tno cany viml 01
tho gentleman who wishes to know
if you have nnv antiques in the way of
. c 1 ... 1.1-.- i .... f.
nuts to '.nsposooi;noviiKu wuiunium
no ilinf ini1- i 1 fin) wjtQti nf rust if!
stupiditv, comes to tho soul, starving
lor intellectual pntmnini, tne expert 111
unnpnrei'mtea une-n-nruc, uu m-uics-poi'
ot junk, who with his humble, but
in t nllnt mil tftr n rt him l'f nhvplinlorr
icnl collections of axiomatic bottles
and polemic boots, now intensely
Hitherto it an isr
"If " unvu M!iq Finld. "a man in tho
country has any ideas hostraightway
goes- to tho city." Ah? Yes, in tho
autumn ho docs. Tho country roads
are thronged with him now. Ifo has
tho "idea" that leads him to tho city.
Ho has an "idea" that it is growing
too cold to sleep under the trees and
straw-stacks, nnd so ho seeks the
warmer and lees "stupidly" ventilatod
police station. Tho tramp is a city
creation, and his exclusive intolligenco
was lostored on a freo lunch route.
Yes, indeed. Something must bo
done to enlighten theappalling stupid
ity of tlio country vilhigers.or affright
ed reason, in abandoning all this fair
land outside of tho fenced cities to
oternal and "rural" ignorance, will
climb some tall and lonely tree and
pull tho treo up after her. Hurdotto
in Buffalo Truth.
A Successful Dalcotlnn.
A good oxample of tho enterprise of
Dakotians is seen in the career of
Frank T. Hagerty, of Aberdeen. Ho
went to tho territory in 1SS0 n poor
man, having just graduated from a
three years' courso as brakoman on
the Pennsylvania road. Ho went to
Jamestown, worked in a bank, and
when Aberdeen was at..rted, engineer
ed a deal for the bank by which they
secured 5120 ncres ofland adjoining tho
new town sito. Ho did nil tho work,
platting tho land and put ting it on tho
market, receiving two-thirds of tho
land for his share. Ho boomed his
property to tho highest point, and
cleared $1 00,000 out of it. To day ho
ia tho wealthiest man in Central Da
kota, owns two banks, a farm cf sev
eral thousand acre, .md the finest
herd of blooded Mock in the West. All
this wns accomplished in .-Ave years,
and before he was 18 yoara old.
THE NEW TRACKAGE FOR 1885.
Wlint Wan none In Itnllronil IliilltltliS
In Ilie Year Junt Closed.
Tlio Railway A?c, ot Chicago, finds that
tlio total lcn?th of main lino, not including
necond track, pidlngs, or renewals, Inid in
the United States during 1883, was 3,113
This is about 700 miles less than tlio new
mileage ot 1881. and it is less than any
year since 1878, when tho total was but
2,087' miles, whilo in 1875 tho record ot
new construction reached only 1,711 miles.
Wcj-lvetho lollowlngstatcmcntot the total
number ot lines and miles added during
1885 in tlio illtferent stiitesand territories,
nrransed by geographical subdivision. It
ia probnhle Unit a tow miles moro will bo
reported later, nltliotigh our investigations
have been unusually thorough:
States. No- lics. Miles.
Massnclmsotts -t 1.5
Now York 7 a, 5
Now .Ierncy 1 l-
Pennsylvania 17 1 '"',,
Mnrylandnnd Uist. olCohim.. 1 05.0
West Virginia Ii f-'l-O
Ohio ' ''
Mkliigan V2 131.1
Wisconsin r l28-f'
North Carolina 5 1.0
South Carolina -t 3 04.0
Oorgin ' 3iJi"j
Florida 31 2l.fi
TenncMseo 1 -.0
Kentucky 5 53.0
Minnesota ;t 110.0
Missouri 8 28L.0
ArkansnR 4- 20.5
Louisiana U 15.2
Dakota t 317.8
Nebraska '1 213.!)
Kansas 0 275.7
Indian Territory 1 30.0
Tmcim 0 211.2
Colorado 2 14.0
California 7 125.!)
Idaho 1 -'.0
Washington Territory...,,.,.,,, 0 113.0
No. lines. Miles.
Now England states 4 33.5
Kastern and middlo Btatcs.... 20 281.9
Middle and western states 31 404.0
Southern states 44 J7.4
Missouri bolt 21 542.5
Kansas belt 24 828.0
Colorado belt 2 14.0
Pacific belt 14 240.9
Total ICG 3,112.8
Tl ...ill lin annn flinf. IIOIV I rn rli Wfl S llllfl In
thirty-four ot tlio forty-seven states and
territories, unon 1G0 lines, with an aggro-
gato of 3,313. Tho work dono has been
largely on branches and extensions 01 111011
erato length, und has notincluded any very
!..... liima uimli nu in nrnvimm vrnrHliavc
HllU lllll-D, Dt.V.t 1H. . "
helped greatly to swell tho total. In Icw
Kugliinu and tlio case almost no now irucu
has boon added. Tho principal activity
I. .. ., l.nA.. in 4-lm nnnflinrn Rtilt.4 ntlfl ill tlin
belt between tho Missouri rivcrand tho Pa
cific states and territories.
Tlio longest extension of the year has
been thatot tho Fremont, Klkhorn and Mis
souri Valley lino ol tho Chicago and North
western svstom, from Valontino. Nob., west
and north 191 miles to Buffalo Gap,
Dakota, whenco it will be pushed in the
... . ..in n.i. i. !..
spring to tne juiick jiiiih. jiio iiuxl hi
length is tlio Kansas City, Clinton and
Springfield extension of tho Kansas City,
Fort Scott and Gulf system south to Ash
Grove, Mo., 129 miles from tho junction,
with tlio main lino. In tho samo state the
Chicago, Hock Islnnd and Pacific company
hns extended its lino from near Winston
west to St. Joseph, forty-nino miles, and
thenco south fifteen miles to Bushvillo, a
total of sixtv-four miles of new track laid
down in tho last weeks of tho year. In
Missouri also tho Kansas City and South
ern has laid fnrty-tiireo miles, reaching to
Clinton. In Minnesota an important line,
tho Minnesota nnd Northwestern, lins boon
built entirely during tho year from St. Paul
south to tho Iowa line, 110 miles.
THE RASCALLY AF AGUES.
They Ulimt Holiavo Themselves or bo
Senator Mnndcrson and Congressmen
Springer and Laird, snys n W ashing! oc
dispatch, called upon tho secretary of wat
to discuss with him tho situation in south
ern Now Mexico in regard to tho Apnclio
troubles. Thoy represented to him tho de
fenseless condition of tho people and mado
litiowu their purposo to introduce a bill
soon after tho recess providing for tho rais
ing of a body of troops for tho special pur
pose ot hunting and, if necessary, extermin
ating tho murderous hordes which havo
boon mnking that region a desert. Thoy
propose thnt theso troops shall consist ex
clusively of frontiersmen and bo placed un
der tho'coininund of an army ofllcor. They
ehall bo temporarily enlisted for this spe
cial service, equipped, mounted nnd pro
vided for in sucii a wny ns to bo ablo to
follow and fight Bnvages in their fastnoi-n.
During tho progress of the conversation,
which lasted about an hour, allusion was
mado to Gen. Crook's record. Sniingor
read to tho secretary a letter ho had re
ceived from Judge Barnes, of tho First judi
cial district ot ArUonn, discussing the situ
ation and setting forth the views of tho in
telligent men of tlio locality as to the best
remedy. This, in brief, was tor the govern
ment to raiso a battalion of frontiersmen,
to bo lightly equipped, whoso duty it
tilimilil lio to initrol tho rezion in smnll
parties, especially keeping in viow tho
watering places. It was possiblo for tho
IndiiuiH to movo moro rapidly than whito
troops could by riding their ponies until
thoy dropped from exhaustion nnd then
stealing others, but they must reach tho
watering places from timo to time or per
ish themselves. Judge Barnes also pro
posed tho arming and enlistment of a body
of 1 tin co Indians a friendly, industrious
race, who nro as much annoyed by tho
renegade Apncnes as aro xao wanes in
light tho enemy. The secretary said, in
reference to this plan, that tho tinny waa
already doing mucli 01 tno sorvice pro
nnHtxL Gen. Sheridan had been sent out
rtothoeceno of tho disturbances, nnd Gen.
Crook, in whom thoy all had confidence,
was in command. If thoso could not sub-
duo tho hoBtiles, no ono could. Springer
paid he did not know Gen. Crook nnd had
notlitng against him. but judging him mere
ly by results, he wift a failure. Tlio reae
cadori did not number more than two hua-
drod men. Crook, with threo or four
thousand men at his command, had been
hunting them for years, and hnd not yet
succeeded ill putting a'stop to tho outrages.
Senator Mandemon came to Gon. Crook's
defense, attributing to his skill and ability
tho ttncitlcation ot tliolndiansof Nebraska.
The bill relerrod to will bo introduced by
Congressman Laird, ol NcbrasUa.
Unfortunate Naval Llfiutennnt.
Tho name of Lieut. U. W. Ermy, United
Statea navy, hns beoa dropped from tht
nnvy register ot 18S0. Lieut. White serv
ing an executive olllcer of tho United States
Hteumer "Portsmouth," disappeared Feb.
17, 1SS5. All efforts to discover hU where
abouts havo billed, and It 1 supposed by
the navy depart meat and his ft'iudsthat
1 1 "
be waa drowned.
AKE TIIE1 COUNTERFEITED I
Ex-Coiisrcmnii IIorr'H Theory About
the Number of silver Dollars lu Clr
Washington special: Ex-Congreaemna
Horr hns givea out some very sensational
theories on the silver question. Ho takes
for a text the statements in the president's
message nnd the Inst report of the secre
tary 00 tho treasury, that only about
50,000,000 silver dollars nro in circulation
in tho United States. This is an average of
less than SI apiece for the total number of
people in the country. But, says Mr.
Horr, it cannot be possible that thero aro
only ns many dollars in circulation as
there are thrust upon you constantly in
innkiug chnnge. Prom observation and
Inquiry, Mr. llorr concludes that thero nro
at lenst 100,000,000 silver dollars in cir
culation, nnd perhaps 200,000.000, not
withstanding that of tho 215,000,000
manufactured by tlio government since
1878 all but S5O,00O,0U0 aro piled up in
tho treasury vaults.
Having proved to his own satisfaction
that theto aro a great many more silver
dullnrs atlont than tho government has
sent out, Mr. llorr next looks around to
see where the extra dollars came from. He
can account for their existence in only one
way. Somewhere in tlio country thero
must bo crooked mints at work liko the
crooked whisky stills ia tlio mountains of
Tennessee that is, private partics ljhvc
established secret mints, whero millions
of silver dollars exae'ly liko tho
dollar mado at the government mints
and worth exnetly as much, as being mndo
unlawfully and then put in circulation.
Nobody can tell tho difference between the
straight dollnrand the crooked dollar, sim
ply becauso there is no difference. Tho in
ducement to run illicit mints lies in tho fact
that tho Bland dollar contains only 80
cents worth of silver, leaving 20 cents mar
gin for cost of making and profit.
All this is a very pretty theory. A super
ficial observation might lend ono to tho
conclusion that there nre a good many
moro dollars than people abroad in tlio
land. But a closoexamiiiation sliows that
it is unlikely. Let the pefiatast treasurer
ol tlio United States testily.
"So llorr thinks ho has found a mare's
nest, docs he?" snys tho assistant treas
urer, jocosely. "Well, I think his strange
conclusions altogether- unfounded. Fifty
million silver dollars make a big showing in
the country, notwithstanding that it is an
averago of less thnn a dollar apiece for tho
population. Just consider how many
fnrmeis, mcchnnics nnd laborers nt any
given timo have 110 silver dollar, to say
nothing about tlio women nnd children.
Besides, money circulates bo rapidly that
the Biimo dollar may ho found in twenty
different placeB on'tho same dny. Thomero
fact that silver dollars aro so plonty at the
banks and in the tills of merchants does
not prove that thero nro any moro in circu
lation than tho trensury books show."
Now let us iuquiro if the director nnd
other officials ot tho bureau of tho United
States mint about Mr. llorr'a second
theory, that standnrd dollars containing
SO cents worth of silver can be profitably
manufactured at private, illicit mints. Wo
learn that tho process of coining silver dol
lars is coBtlyand intricate, une pjantcost
mnnv thoiiband dollars. Imitations of the
silver dollar, made of sott, bnse metal, can
be cast in moulds. But silver is too hard,
and standard dollars can bo mnde only ns
tho governii-cnt makes thorn, by tlio use ol
rolling, cutting, stumping and milling ma
chines. Only a skillful nssayer can prepare
the alloy properly. Evidently no private
mint can do tho work moro cheaply than
tho United States mints, and tho cost of
coinagoat the Carson City mint last year
was over 9 cents for each dollar. It would
almost certainly cost more than a dollar
apiece, even after the plant wasestablished,
to buy tho silver and other metal for the
alloy and coin standard dollars in Becret
TALK ON THE SILVER QUESTION.
Senators Preparing: Themselves tot
Senator Morrill, of Vermont, chnirman
of tho financo committee, is preparing a
speech on the silver coinago question which
ia intended to bo a reply to that recently
given by Senator Beck. Senator Teller, of
Colorado, is also preparing a speech 011 tho
question, in which lio will not only support
tho views of Mr. Beck, but will go further,
und advocate tho unlimited coinngo of sil
ver. Mr. Teller introduced two bills on
silver nt tho present session, which ho in
tends to push with vigor as an offset to
efforts that are being mado to suspend
silver coinngo. Ono of these bills provides
that any person may deposit at the mints
silver bullion of standard fineness in quan
tities not less than 300 ounces, and havo
tho samo coined into standard silver dol
lars on tho samo terms that gold is re
ceived and coined, and that these dollars
ehnll bo a full legal tender at their nominal
vnluo for all public and private debts. Tho
other bill provides that holders of silver
dollars may deposit them in sums of 10
nnd receive certificates therefor of 1, 2, 5
or nny other denomination corresponding
with tlio denomination ol united fctatca
notes ns may bo specified by tho deposi
tors of tlio silvor coin. Tlie.se certificates
are mndo receivable for all public dues
and when so received may bo teissued.
Senator Teller proposes in this con
test for innintenauco of silver coinage
not to act upon tho defensive, but to make
a fight lor tlio further extension ot hilvcr.
lie holds that many of the acts of the
secretary of tho treasury and the United
States treasurer aro illegal, and notably
that of tho treasurer in issuing tlio "red
letter" certificntes.undcrwhichabout 10,.
000,000 of gold wore obtained from Now
York hankers. Tho prospective discussion
nu this qucntion promises to bo ono of tho
most interesting thnt has over taken place
ia tlio hcuato, becauso of tho-fact that tho
del 110c rats will bo found nssailing while the
republicans will defend tho domocrntic ad
ministration. Tlio discussion which willbo
opened by Mr. Morrill in defense of the
administration, will bo followed by his poli
tical associate, Mr. Teller, who will join
with Mr. Beck ia tho assault. Other repub
lican senators will join Mr. Morrill, and
Mr. Eustis nnd other democrats will array
themselves with Mr. Beck, bo that the on
usual spectnclo will bopresonted of tho pol
icy of tho executivo boing ilelcmlcd against
the attacks ot thoio who aro ia political
accord with tho president.
Mr. MuPhorsou is said to boprepnringnn
answer to Mr. Beck's speech, ami it ia like
ly Mr. Morrill will bo accorded tho privilege
of first making tho reply. Mr. Gibson, of
Louihiana, la also said to bo making pre
parations to keep tho policy 1 tho admin
istration 011 this question.
Misleading tho Darkeys.
Tho fanners ia South Carolina and Geor
gia aro greatly alarmed over the continued
exodus ot negroes. Parties ot 200 and 30D
are leaving tho former stato every week,
and as many more go from Georgia. Since
October last more thnn fivo thousand no
groca have left Fairfield, Chester, York,
ilarioa and Laurens counties, S. 0., leav
ing hardly enough men to carry on the
farms. Agents of railroads in Aikansaa
lure the negroes away, promising tliera
2.50 per day building new ronds, no work
after dinuer, und treatment like whit
MISSOURI RIVER CONVENTION.
Tho IlMolntlons Adopted by It
The river improvement convention held
at Knnsae City put forth the following:
Whereas, In view of the fact that appro
priations aro being asked from congress for
tho improvement of tho grent western
waterways and that tho convention having:
been called ia tho interest of tho great Mis
souri valley, therefore
Resolved, That it is the earnest wish of
the people of tho Missouri vnlley that con
gress at once appropriate for tho improve
ment of the Missouri river onc-hah asked
for by tho Missouri river commission for
tho year ending Juno 30, 1877. in order
that this commission mny bo ablo to ro
jumo work ns early in tho spring as econo
my demands, and thnt we ask the senators
and representatives In tho Missouri valloy
ia congress that they make it their fore
most business to secure bucIi appropria
Resolved, That this convention insist
that the members of congress of tho Mis
souri vnlley bo placed upon the houso com
mittee of rivers and harbors.
Resolved, Thatworecommend tho estab
lishment of a light system from Kansas
City to Fort Donan and an ndequate ap
propriation from congress for that purpose-.
Resolved. That a committee, consisting
of two members from ench of tho states of
Missouri, Iowa, Nebraska, Kansas nnd
Minnesota, nnd tho territories of Dakota
and Montana bo appointed by delegates
present in this convention from i-aid states,
nnd territoiics. to Iny before congress thfr
demands ot this convention in these reso
lutions. Resolved, That wo urge upon all senators'
and congressmen from tho Missouri anil
Mississippi valleys to heartily unite to
secure proper and liberal appropriations,
for tho improvement of western and north
western waterways, and to demand such
help from tho nntional government ns tha
best interests of tho section demands.
Resolved; That wo viow with surprise
and solicitude the omission of all mention
of tho western waterways from tho message
of the prcsidcut, and we, ns rcpresentativea
of tlio peoplo inhabiting the valleys of tho
Missouri and Mississippi rivcrp, earnestly
urge upon tlio president to tall tlio atten
tion of congress, by special mossngc, to the.
needs of tiieso sections in the matter of im
provements, nnd wo trust that this omis
sion was made with tho viow of mnking a.
more oinphdtic and elaborate presentation,
by special message at a later day.
Resolved, That wo recommend that con--gross
pnss a law declaring tho Knnsns
river navigable from Fort Riley to its
mouth, at Wyandotto city; that all artifi
cial obstructions aro nuisances and such
must be removed; thnt an appropriation
of 180,000 bo mado and expended to fitly
adapt tho Kansas river to the more suc
cessful transit for commerce.
Resolved, That the attention ol the Mis
souri river commission is hereby respect
fully called by its convention to the great
damage dono and threatened by tlio Mis
souri opposito Leavenworth, Knnsns,
whero tho federal government has large
property interests and whero the iron
bridge that spans tho river is in danger ot
losing "its connection with tho Missouri
shore, thus destroying tho communication
between that important military post and
A BLOCKADE Or WHEAT.
nievntora Full to Overflowing: nnd
m. .. .1 u ..r',..l...il. illnf riic-lCf.lT-
AUUlinuuu. v. ..... ......- j
Detroit (Mich.) dispatch: This city and
state are now suffering from tlio worst
grain-blockndo ever experienced. Tho
elovatora aro full to overflowing, ami
thousands of cars stand upon the side
tracks loaded with wheat, with no pros
pect ot being nble to discharge their load
for days, if not weeks, to come. At this
time in 1884 there was but 594,452 bush
els of wheat stored in Detroit. Four timea
thnt amount is respoiiBiblo for the existing
blockndo. Tho capacity of tho elevators
is exhausted, and tho only resource is to
supplement it with other accommodation
acceptable to tho grain owners. Tho D. it,
M. elevator, which docs duty for tlio
Delroit, Grand Haven and Milwaukee, tho
Grand Trunk, nnd tho Lake Shore and
Michigan Southern railroads, is running
over, nnd a number of cars are in ex
clusive service ns wheat receptacles. Roll
ing stock thus employed is not re
garded as profitable, and the Detroit,
Grand Haven nnd Milwaukee ntitlioritiew
hnvo issued notico to its agents to accept
no further consignments of wheat until
otherwise ordered. Tho Michigan Central
is similarly affected, nnd now has moro
wheat on its hands than it can store away.
President Ledynrd hns given notico through
the secretary of tlio boaid of trndo that
unless dealers having wheat stored in elova
tora A and B remove it within a reason
able time a round storngo will bo charged.
Tho elevators here contain 1,9!K!,395 bu
shels of wheat, Michigan Central elevator
A contains to-day 498,129 bushels; elevn
tor B, 521,722; Detroit and Milwaukee
elevator, 314, 118; Union Depot clovator,
002,390; while there nro 109,457 bushels
in vessels chnrtered for storago purposes,
making a grand toral of 2,105,822 bushels
of wheat now olnced in elevators and
boats at this point. In addition there nro
hundreds of cars of grain consigned to De
troit lying hero with no possibility of the
overtaxed elevators receiving any largo pro
portion of it unless a plan for their speedy
relief is at onco devised and carried out.
Tlio Union elevator is not filled with wheat,
and its owneis do not intend that it shall
be. Tlio Wabash extends into a rich corn,
region, which contributes largely to its car
rying trade. It was to tap this territory
that tho Wabash was built, nnd tho fore
sight which dovibcd that schemo will not
choke off its immense corn-carrying trade
by filling its elevator with wheat. It now
luiB 002,390 bushels of wheat, and tho re
mainder of its immcuso capacity ia t acred
Kvorv elevator in Michigan ia full to the
roof. From cross-roads stations to tho
Inrgest interior cities come notices of two
much wheat for the elovntor capacity pro
vided. Outside of Detroit there aro more
than 2,000,000 bushels of wheat in Michi
gan clovators. Liberal receipts of wheat
and a lack of demand in tho east were tho
reasons assigned ns plainly accounting for
Tho Now York Sub-Trcnsiiry.
Washington dispatch: Treasurer Jordan
will leave Washington for New York to
night to take charge of tho Bub-treasury
there. Eighteen expsrt counters will also
So on tlua evening with tho purposo 61
counting the government funds in tho
vaults. Treasurer Jordan may encounter
pome difficulty in obtaining possession o
tho olllce, as it ia understood that Mr.
Acton, tho present irocumbent, asserts that
in justico to hinu-clf and his bondsmen he
cannot turn over the moneys in his ch.irgo
except to a successor regularly appointed
by tho president nnd confirmed by the sen
ate. This matter, however, lias heea fully
discussed by high officials here. Tho opin
ion prevails that Mr. Jordan can legally
take possession. Should Mr. Acton reso
lutely refuse to turn over the funds to Mr.
Jordan, the iecrctary, it is eaid, could, it
lie considered it advUnble, take advantage
ot section hfl-10 of the revised stntuteH,
which provides that the secretary of the
treasury may transfer money in the hands
of any depository of public moneys to the
trensury of the United Statea to the credit
I ol the treasurer.