The Oregon scout. (Union, Union County, Or.) 188?-1918, October 17, 1885, Image 3

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Special Itulo Tor llcsnlntlon mid Im
provement of the Civil Service.
The president hns Issued the following
special rule for tho regulation nnd improve
ment of tlto civil service: "Special rule No.
2, approved July IS, 1SS4, is hereby re
voked. All applicants on any register for
the postal or customs servico who, on the
first dny of November next, shall havo
been thereon one year or more, shnll, in
conformity with rulo 10, bo no longer
eligible for nppointinent from such register."
Tho special rule which is now revoked pro
vided that the names of those persons nn
tho registers oT the commission, eligible for
appoint m-nt prior to July Hi, 1.SS4, should
not be tii ken off Bt tho end of tin-year of
being entered thereon, but tdio.dd remain
on tiie lvjjisters as eligible fur appointment
for two years from that date, without
written notice or examination.
A reporter for the awuinted press called
upon Commissioner Datoa in regard to the
newspec'nl i-iiV. "W.n 1-e rule," asked
thvp'Vl-r, "i.i.ido on tho recommenda
tion ol t lie eniiiii. .un'.""
Iwti'ii -"ii v;'.i.''
"Ifow l.m.: 1 a.l this subject been under ion?''
"Iaiu-'it U-'l deHm'telv. I hnvedr.irts
of a n;l i. 1 1" ii-i.j. r-r ih.i.'o in August, !
foro I letl 'n-!ii -i j t . it for my Mitnmer vu
ration. Tl, iiiiif a.s laiieli tlisrunsei)
by the c.' : h',,m."
'"What el nt v. ill the rule f-crve?"
"It iilt' nf," I !i regb tern fur roilifirv
tion tine." nt a low.'r trade than the appli
cants .l i kie revived appointments, lb
can bo ril iv i" said that it will give those to
lo hte;;f r examined any better chances
tor Rotting iippointmonts, because every
one is -erti;;ed for appointment on the
basis u' his cr.ule and regardless ot the time
of his rwneinntlon. In other words, the
best of tho.-e on any new examination are
sure- to be marked higher than those left
from former examinations nfter the super
ior ones have been appointed. And in
wore recent examinations those competing
arederided superiorto those who competed
at earlier examination. The change now
made will prevent the il'.-informed trom
thinking that persons examined more than
a year ago are retained on the registers in
order to give them plneea. Until this last
special rule was made tho persons exam
ined from the beginning of the work of the
commission have been retained on the reg
isters, but all those left on the registers
from the oarly examinations are marked so
low that they would havo hail no chance
for an appointment, oven had not tho now
special rule been made."
Sensational Discovery In tlio, manage
ment of thu Tiiiklsli War IiiikIn.
London dispatch: A dispatch from Con
stantinople was rocoived this afternoon
Baying that considerable consternation
prevails in ofllcial circles over tho import
ant discovery just mado by Alib Sahib
Pasha, the now minister of war, immedi
ately on being installed in his now position.
Alib Sahib Pasha ordered nil tho depart
ment commanders, to report tho strength
of their respective commands, and their
present condition, and detailed several ofli
cers to inspect tho various posts. Their
roports show that under the lato minister
of war, who was dismissed Sept. 125, tho
army was almost entirely neglected, and
tho largo sums of money voted for military
purposes wero used in other ways than
those for which tlioy wero designated. Tho in
quiry has revealed that tho Adrianoplo
army, supposed to bo 15,000 strong, con
tains not half that number. Soldiers have no
uniforms and nro shoeless. Tho cavalry is
unable to march owing to a lack of horses
and necessary accoutrements. About 400
horses nnd 2,000 men havo been fullv
equipped nnd nro under orders to march at
an hour s notice.
Four ironclads nro actively preparing for
6ca, but there aro only COO tons of coal
available, and thoir doparturo may bo do
layed on that account.
yesterday Turkish troops fired on tho
Roumeliau outposts at Mustapha Pasha, a
town in Houmi'lia, twenty miles north of
Adrianoplo. Tho outposts wero immedi
ately reinforced and a skirmish ensued, in
which tho Turks wore defeated and forced
to retreat, cnrrying,with thorn a number of
During, tho Inst two days heavy artillery
firing lias been heard in tho direction of
Pristina and Djakora. It is believed a
desporato fight has been raging between
Turks and Arnants. llashi-Biizmiks havo
sacked and burned several villages in east
ern liouuianiu.
lie row up in the iiiorntcjj Ihon
He broke her lovoly henu ;
lie was the very won-t of men,
That patient lady said.
Sbn bought a pound of arsenic, anil
She put it in lit- beer,
lie Mid bo oou!d tint understand
What made him feel so queer.
bpasm ni.
lie died that night ; Ills awful curso
Uixra her head was heard;
Hut she declared die felt no worse
Aud married Major Third 1
Ho Preferred llio Gout.
In tho following -written prescription,
addressed by a medical man, resident at
Roeniorshnuscn, in the district of Cas
ed, to one of his patients, will bo fouud
a now nnd somowhnt remarkable cure
for gout : "1 havo measured your bap
tismal name, nnd assured myself quite
exactly that it exhibits fully an inch
length of gout. This is deplornblo ; but,
if you have faith in mv treatment, I pro
pose, with God's help, to euro your
malady for as long as you bhiilllivo.
This I shall do on tho 15th, 10th nnd
17th of tho mouth. But, cro thoso dnys
arrive, I bhall havo mitigated your suf
ferings. This is what you will havo to
do ujKjn tho days in question. Ton
must not drink too much milk in your
cofi'eo nor out pork ; upon no account
must you btop across water, nor, indeed,
meddle in any way with that liquid.
Keen yourself nice nnd warm, prefera
bly In bed ; tho more rapidly will you
(jut Ixittor. You may drink a littlo wa
tor, but it miikt bo drawn by souioliody
tilbu. Hut, whatever muy ho promhxul
to you in tho inutntimu, hnvo nothing to
do witli it. Nothing utll do you uny
good hut my truatiuuiit," Tho leuhiiuut
of this oitruordiuary prtawriptiun. fiko a
iuju iiuiiiitfuuhtHl iHiiiiumnii, who utui
(Him u ueruiii hovel wiuw nttuuiiiiNiulwl j
(o liim m wii idlWum) tnm uf warding !
oil' 14 Uiwiittiry tlitmMM, rn4iwl, in uf. I
ijU "I Mvtr tU HMMU fdiiulm
A ullM)llttaliialvh7'uf Allium ulr
rWWlWifl mi'mt I'uru - wad (-ui
il ium fM ti4 awv m
ferw tu Uf in rW bj Ui m$u
U fewMHVl sllli ftgiuuu Hil4
ilodes by 'Which Its Apostles Hope to no
generate Mankind II. fcclples Amouc All
Ask a well-fed, well-apparolod,
.lirh-cultivatcd American to dolino
uiciahsin, and tho chanced aro that
ao will reply: "Oh, thore'j no such
.king in tho world; it's all bosh."
sk tho satno question of a luingry
jyod, savinro-looklnp tramp ami Ins
.uiswer will doubtless be: "Socialism
means that by hook or crook, by fair
means or foul, thojiooro-t man will
fonio day havo as bij; a share of God's
panh us tho richest man on it." Fin
ully, turn to a diviuo. a doctor, or any
lympiithetic man whose duties or
.nclinniions brinic him in contnci with
.he poor, and ask him the amo ques
;ion. and it is not unlikely that his
mswer will be: "My trend, social
sm is the death-blow to human eot
usne.s and cruelty, Hnd the only safe
ruide to au earthly paradise."
t'omiderably piu.lcil at hearing
mch contradictory ropi er to a simple
question, ft Jlermtl reporlir went in
ticstof men who havo studied coeial-.-iu
in all it ramilieaMons, who .know
ts pood points and i's lail points, who
lbhorin it all that is cii aud cleuve
lot hat which they bel vu to bo jrood,
lud who are do;nr mtu-li in a qu el
way to spread their eheri died doi'triuo-
Ihrotijrti'int the length and breadth of
this continent. And from tliro men
lite reporter succeeded in kBUinx no
lower than three doiiuilion? of soeial
fatn and a btranRO account of tho man
per in whloh tlio apostles of this new
pvced propose to re-rnoraU the hearts
f American'?. Loaning hack in his
rnichair, tho oldest nnd grarcst of
tliero men said:
'Wly dear sir; thcro aro three kind
rf soeial. am. The first nnd the worst
kind 's synonymous wiih communism.
it- advocates hold that the common
wealth should ho distributed and
lividoii among all, shaio and sh ire
llike; that all robtfaints in regard to
idiool, marriage, and tho state should
30 abolished, such being tho logical
!otiseiuenoes of tho luixsez-1'aire
irineiple, and that to aaiu tlieso ends
ill moans aro pornrssilde.
'The advocates of t'he second kind
)f socialism disciples of Karl .Marx,
Lassalle, Uodbertus aud Engels
mve exchanged the French notions of
ho communists for a belief that tho
italo should appropriate all the means
)f production, in this way they hopo
,o do away with wago labor altoirotli-
jraud make every individual an ollioial
.villi salary and pension in case of
IL-ability. They point to .state rail
roads and state monopolies as models
'or o very industry. .J use as tho posL
)llk'o is controlled by the nation, so
hey maintain that all other industries
iliould bo controlled. ly doing away
ivith tho incentive to accumulate
wealth they hope to gain the greatest
Dossiblo amount ot human liberty lor
ihe poor and at tho same time to de
itroy in tho human heart a desire for
iehes, such being considered by them
;ho most criminal oi all desires. This
and of socialism, therefore, is not
iily an equitable industrial arrango
Diont, but a moans for elevating the
liiman race.
"Tho advocates of this system con
less indeed that it can not ho easily
jarried out. Truo, tho very idea that
,ho human race can bo buttered by
he abolition of the institution of pri
vate property in the means of produc-
;ion and tho removal of tho necessity
'or seeking a livelihood has stirred up
eolings of fanaticism in many butler
nformed workingmen, who, despair
ng of Christianity as presented by the
ihurohes, hopo by means of this very
ilea to realize truo Christianity in its
Dristine form. Hut it is in this very
lact that tho danger lios. The battle
jry is not, as is usually stated, for an
ncrenso of wages, but for the.forma
,ion of a now society, ovor member
f which must ho spiritually born
igain. Now, sober minded citizens
vill not bolievo in changing tho en
;ire nature of men, but will forever
lold that half the nation should he
ippoinlod ollieials for tho purpose of
louing that tho other half works
lard lor its sulary, and that laws of
Jraeonian seventy will always bo
locossary to overcome tho slovenli
ness of mankind."
"Although this ohject'on is solf
ividuiit, it is w'onderful how few dou
;ors can see it. Doctors, divines, and
ill who soo tho sorrows and degrada
tion of tho poor and hear thu argu
nents of tho Itiissez-luire school in re
gard to the survival of the littest feel
.heir hearts bleed at tho woful sights
ind sounds, and, naturally enough,
,hoir sympathy overpowers" their ron
ton. H'liile ilioy favor tho socialistic
loctrine of the distribution of the
A'orld's commodities, they altogether
ose sinlit of tho problom how to pro
luce that which is to ho distributed,
in this respect tlioy are no hotter than
heir antagonists, tho lntssczfaire
intagonUt, who altogether forget tho
iroblom how to distribute properly
,vhat is produced.
"In the hopo of gotting round this
liiliculty tho idea of state socialism
ins been suggested. Now, stato
ocialism proposes to hold inviolate
;ho idea of liberty and equality in hush
loss and state, and, by proper legisla
tion in all tho brandies of human life,
;i abolish tho privileges which aro
sow connected with the possessions ol
ivoalth. For example, in this country
;he incorporation laws would havo to
00 changed; the factory laws for the
orhtcotiou of tho young would have to
jo made more thorough; the means of
'oniiniiuiualiou would havo to hu
iwned by the statu, to that tho com-
01 l o( the pooplu mijjht he uieruavud
it thu expoiitiu of thu whole pooplu,
i tnl all other monopolies would
jnvo to ho nhnlhdiad. Akh'D, one of
,hu intuit Important dooti uiiw of stale
ioiumIuiii I thu ollliiiul nwotfintkin of
iidmiirial uiiioii. Only in ll) way,
t IN mailltMIIId. (Hill tllH I'Mlil utMiulM
ivur lot till) IWprMlltU4 ill liut hhUui
li wuuuuiU
"M1IUU4 ful'MHU llV(HM HtUr.
iUlH MMiiulMui ttst iitdividunl tt
OtlUUuBi wf u
HSVOI to fisltiu lUU IU
a i i
m ni f oi niiui i itu
dU4l till ( l. Ui v lliH
Sltll tl H. lO 0141D huutstl
dttlllli ml i iio,J,iU,v M ill tllWkit
tu II I
itH uj iu4U di'4l l.Uft
socialism soeks to do reaso tho liberty
6f the strong and utisotttpulous by
suitable legislation.
"In F.tirope state foei;ilitn means a
greater pr.rtie pation of the peoplo in
tho atVairs of government, wlierons in
America it is the carrying out of tho
original intention of the f rumors of tho
constitution that the people shall rulo
in all things. While the public iu
general look upon tho word stato so
cialism as moaning concentrated
despotism, it is really the most per
fect distribution of tho power of tho
state among all the clas-es of the peo
ple. If it can bo carried into olVeet it
will give rise to an ideal democracy.
"Such, in ellect, nro the opinions,
hopes, and aims of the lend tig social
ists of this city and of America.
Among them nro numbered many
prominent men of nil callings. How
widely their inlhieneo is spreading is
proved by tho simple fact that within
the past few weeks soe'eties have boon
formed iu New York. Hoston, nnd
Baltimore for the promulgation of the
doctrines of &taie socialism. Sett)
loi'k Jknti'iL
'ihe iiay Mount Man.
Tho postmaster at Alav Uloo-n, who,
several wcuks ago nddiv m.( a lottor
to the president, giving his reasons
for not vacating li i haa sont
the following to t he chief executive:
"l am still hero. When a man trie
to put me otreii niv hoiie he soon
linds that he's uot a bteor on hau's.
J hat feller ibalou 'p'nted in my
plate oome over with a uiuger consta
ble an1 tuck tho letters au1 mail-bag,
but 1 ain't been put otiten the lions
yit. Wife, she 'lows that I'm a good
un, an' 1 reckon I nm. I don't ha
l .ovo you was 'hvteil nohow, an' they
tell mo that you ciin lio about n lih
jes' liko a county jo lge. I're.sident!
V'y, I wouldn't give threo hurr.ihs in
the new ground for all sich presidents
asott air. If I couldn't i-keor up a
better nres'dotit than you, I'd ax some
body to hold my coat while 1 run agin
a beech tree. J wont over to llonutiy
Hill tuther day to sec Garland about
that postollico business, but it didn't
'peer to eonsarn him a blamed bit.
He'd rnthor ketch a three-inch cattish
than to sing hallelujah at a eamp
nieutin.' I've still got tho bulge on
you, ole hoss-lly. Tho new postinastor
Iioro ain't got no place to keep tho let
ters an' ho wants my box, but ho kain't
git it. Fifty cents worth uv stamps
come tho other day. but 1 got a holt
uv them an' he ka'in't trit his. paw on
'em. I'm goin' to start iiji agin you,
olo hoss-lly. I'll show on that you
kain't ruii'this here community. I've,
been liviu' here too long to bo put out
by a man that i never seed. I don't'
like to deeltir' war w'th a stranger,
but then ou otigiitenter try to run my
btis'ness. i voted for you an' kept a
nigger front votin' fur that other fol
ler, but of it was to do over agin, I
would lloor you world without ond.
Wall, 1 have said about all I'm goin'
to say. 1 wanted to bo Montilied with,
this 'ministration, an' havo showed
vou that 1 ken pull when tho collar
fits, but I kick when tlioy puts
on mo without a collar. Hay,
air so keen to help tho other
jos' 'stabiish two' ollices hero
mo havo one uv thorn. We'd
un btis'ness, lot me tell vou.
of you,
an' lot
he'il havo a letter to send oil' I'd skir-i
niish round an' gic one, too, an' don'ti
ou lorgit it. l natu to give up tins
light, fur I am a mighty hard man ta
down. Tins thing is &hapiu' down to
a p'int, Mr. President, an' let mo say
this: Mebby 1 kain't run a post ollico
here as cheap as you can, but 1 ken
make one six jos' as loud. The post-,
oilice bus'ness is jos' into my line an'
I am still on deck." Arkuumw Trav
eler. A Nation of Dikes.
Tho total annual revenue of Holland
is, writes a Loiiisvtlle Uouricr-Journai
correspondent, about $.r)0,000,OUO, and
her total annual expenditures for tho.
last lew years, owing to tho cxtraor-,
dinary cost of building new dikes
and repairing of old ones, has been
about S.Vi.uOO.OOl). Mm pays $03,750
annually to her king and his housohold,
ami au annual interest ot !?K),lol,lGUnii
her public dopt. She has about 1,000
miles of dikes on her soncoasts and
water courses and tho annual cost of
keeping these dikes in repair is about
Sl'.oOU.ODO. These dikes aro ininionso
embankments, from ten to twenty-fivo
feet high and as many feet broad,
thrown up on Ihe soacoasls ami walor
coursos to prevent the inundation of
the entire country. On tho water sido
they aro protected by stono or timbor
1 i ii ng, and on the to'p of tho land sido
they arc covered with beautiful groon
sod, bushes, inostly willows, largoly
u-'od in their construction and fre
quently by trees, and in many instan
ces thoro aro line, shady roadways on
tiie tops of those dtkos. When you
stand on the land side of some of theso
dikes, you can hear the waves of tho
sea boating against the other sido from
live to iifteon feet abovo your hoad.
Tho entire kingdom of Holland is also
interlaced aud intor&cctcd by thsusands
of miles of canals.
As to Children
Treat them kindly.
Don't preach politeness nnd proprie
ty to them, and voilato thoir Jaws
yourself. In other words, lot tho ex
ample ou sot them be a ;'ood one.
Never quarrel in their Jiesnnco. If
you want to quarrel, unit until tho
children aro gouu to bed. Thou tlioy
will not see ou. Mint pur taps by that
time you may tiuj. waul l quarrel.
Never lull; "old folk" talk In tho
pnuuneo of otilMien.
Never niiunk llljiimntly of nulghborfl
Iwfore olilldieii. I'linj may uiuut tho
iioltflthum' olilhlieii, hu I have a talk
atjuul it.
'JVmuIi thum think that I ho littlo
buy in mg4 liiu u Utmrt in him In njillo
ui thu rutfi mid K kioiuiM - la. nm,
'JVii ThKiii n th grww older, that
n rMHMUtil 4iuiiiiir i u4hur. a
MilllM IU (if UUltl, II 1 MI iJiUJIUHW
Hub, mmimmuu mif , u hwiiiui pur
tuQ u itt4ulriuu wim4i uru ht
Ut thU lilMJf WM MdrUl, TUHUll
ihiio thM Utlg futi mil iultilit
imi. ilft. i4 e mJ tMiieMJUy r ni
. .a.u ol lid uiidiM. J MAN tiukffl tllblA
Uiif, Mit jm Imi imJ tfini wP) i
glMff in U UM4l iiQ KWVrV
Intrcitlne lntorvh-w With .Iii Isp ltnrlanron
ci'mliiR the Itocont Decision W lint the
Court lias Done Slnca It Wn Organize!!.
A reporter of The ItnrltngUm lfawk
tfi has invaded the seclusion of Judge
Jauie Harlan, presiding judge of the
court of Alabama claims, and secured
the .edge's views on the recent treas
ury decis on. Judge Harlan says: "1
hae not seen the decision ami have no
Dll'eial information on the subject. 1
iae. however, seen several news-
mpiT articles which purport to stato
t Mibstanoe, with the usual uewsv
i oiniueiiis, some of them suggesting
hnn ii,. improper etiinluet on the part
if .
enurl. (ueh as e.travagaiice,
i.sni. and the like supposed of
1 infer frolu the slatiMnents
ti these articles tnat tl;o lirst
o'.ler has rejeiHed tiie vouchers
d sbursinjr oilieer appointed by
letary of Male lor tho court
"H tho paiuent of the coinpeit-
'f nil f the O'wplwye ot the
rot .speeitically nainod, in theast
.-,-c.s under which the court was
cd. such as watchman. ni"si-
l's. ( until' I a 1 1 N l'Mei'l . it
1 cd by tin e cirt to tcstitv n
; i .ic :oV'mii inciii , and
,t;-cl (U eoiir-e d III siiccs.fiii
II' a
jf i
as ::
u .
ei .
to ,
i'h '
ii.! adheri'd to it Wiilirieallv re
i i!i' traunactton of the business
! th-court, an I cpose tiie pap
i ".-i r! . and other public proui'rly
- iiict.on bv lire utid incend.AriMii
empress shall provide a remedy.
etily ollieials or helpers named in
are tlu'ce i mures, a l ictu, a
ri liand reporter, au nttornev lor
the government, and a depu'v mar
lial. Tlio authority to appoint all
0! ii t necessary helpers by the court
H'n- Miopoaod to he conferred bv the
xener.ii nrovisions of th.e statute di
recting tiie court what it should do,
vl. eh it could not do without such u-ji-ianee,
ami their compensation was
5ii:)u-ed to bo provided for in tho
ioneral appropriation for nil necessary
3:it tiuotit expenses. Within six
.nioiitlis after llio court eon relied, July
I.'!. is-', more than A,7iK) cases were
.loeketed. It was of couiso, literally
'iiiosible for the clerk with his own
hands to ilo all tlio necessary clerical
tvoi k incident to his otliee, to superin
tend the necessary printiny, to stand
jiuiid over this neeuiiiitlatiou of public
jroperty day atTil night, to build tires,
iweep anil serib, anil do the necessary
tnes.icner-running for the court. It
was eiiuallv impossible lor Ihe govern
ment counsel in person to lake care of
.he io eminent sido ol all ot these
caM s within the tune limited by
for iheir decision; or as fast as the
onrt could dispose of them when
jropcilv prepared. The court there
oio authorized what seemi'd to it to
ic only the necessary assistance to en
able it and its ollieer.s to dispose of the
business ollieicntly. promptly, anil just
ly as congress appeared to have in
tended, anil has succeeded within llio
lirst threo years in disposing of more
than -1,1110 casos, when if the court
mil adopted the lirst comptroller's
new of tlio meaning of tho law it
3oulil not possibly have disposed of
more than two or three hundred per
annum, and consequently could not
nave closed its work iu less than twon
y years from the date of its organiza
tion." "Are tlieso vouchers which have
been disallowed by tho lirst comptrol
ler ilill'erent from those which have
loretoforo been allowed and paid by
.he treasury departments'
'Certainly not in their legal aspect,
or in any essential particular, .lust
such vouchors for the compensation
oaid for the samo service, performed
n largo part by the same persons,
luring tho preceding three years fiavo
boon examined ami allowed and paid
by tlio treasury department without
in ad verso suggestion, as far as I
iiiow ami believe from any quarter."
"Is tliis court sustained by any pro
redouts iu its action in this respect P"
Certainly it is by all llie courts of
Ihe United States in a greater or Ions
.legreo, and ospecally by all courts
ivil commissions of a temporary char
icter, and by tho action of all tlio de
partments in the execution of laws
I ire cling work outside of regular
routine department business. In pro
viding for llio expenses of the perma
nent courts congress can ho more
specific, because in the course of years
it can be known nioro certainly just
what helps ate nooded. Congress has
some to know almost exactly what
number of clerks, messengers, watch
men, etc., aro needed, anil provides
for thoir payment specifically. Hut
when this can not bo known iu atl
advanco, and consequently is not
specifically provided for in the
lorms of tho law, tho court commis
sion or executive ofl'tcer is compelled
to let the worlc como to a stand still
or to employ tho necessary persons to
perform it and pay them out of the
general appropriation under tlio head
of necessary contingent expenses.'
Tho principlo of 'interpretation of
such laws may bo tersely stated thus:
If congress by law directs au ollicer or
a court to do some spocllio work within
a given time, and appropriates a gross
sum of money for the ptirnoso, and
omits to designate Kpeeilieally the sub
ordinate olllouil machinery for its ex
ecution, the general authority thus
conferred to ilo the work has always
been so, and must continue to bo so to
the end of time."
"Can vou mention a specillu proco-
dent covering this precise cusoP"
"Certainly. 1 cotilii mention par
allel cases almost without limit from
my personal rneolhiulloii. Hut the
former court of Alabama claims Is ex
actly in point. It was organized un-
lor nm nut ot .nine, im. inis noi
iiovlilnd for thu appointment of live
pulsus, a clerk, it government ultor
liny, mill for Hid Nurviue of u iiininhwl,
mid powlbly it thort-huiid rupmiur,
ami nothing uioru by way of niiipluyiM.
1 lint noun wiu iiiieetiii ny urn hoi m
hem uml iliuudu claim ur Iumwh
cmiivuiI by thu uoiiftMlmute oriiUmrn
AUUuiim, MuiIiIm, Mint kliHUMUdtMili
Nil'Jt fl MtdlMMiiiH, mid ihtfT !
dtl. Tilt! MMiri UUllltJ' It M44 l
puiubuil H ttttfbMIMii UilMMMIMM. Iltvltit.
HUllii uwwitwl. iiimI priuiwr, mj
ll UtliMf bVMtf l 1.) II llm-
fy ui Wfi' i i" i i bo iu pM'mpi-
ift.MII) IhM I'll "l.
hi u mi i mm mi
(hnn twenty-one hundred eases ah
that wero docketed within the time
limited by law, and adjourned sine
the. Tlio'accounts for pay nieni of all
this extra help wore audited, allowed,
Slid paid IC tho treasury depart
ment." "In what rosnect as to these em
ployes did that court dill'er trom tli.s
"In no essential particular. Tflc
act of June, lt-'S'.', ttinier which thia
court was organized, revived anil con
tinued in force tho act of 1871, mulct
winch tho former court was organized,
leaving all ol its essential features iu
full force. The net of 1SS:? diminished
the number of judges to throe instead
of live, and directed thfi appointment
of a clerk, a government attorney,
short hand reporter, and the detail of
a deputy marshal, and speeilically
i mentioned no other helpei s, as in the
former, net. it directed this court to
hear and decide claims for the destruc
tion of property by any eonUHterate
crui-er, mid also lor ay incut of war
I premiums. The pres. ding jiuljro of
i ilio former court was apjio tiled presi
1 d i'g judge of Ill's court. The govern
1 un lit counsel .if tiie iormcr ci.,i!t wn
nl-o i' .ippoinicd, and ih -. e.uirt em
l!oM!.l pi'Ciisely the same ciii-- of
iic'pers as (he lornicr i ourl, lidding
I only ep rt exii'iiine: s ol ivsur.iuce
I companies' hooks and rccoids, who.
r.fier such examinations, are called as
vvitne-ses. both by cl iimants and in
behalf of the srovernmeiit. When call
ed by elaitnaiits, they niv p.iiil by ihe
claimants; when called by th govern
ment tlioy hnvo been paid bv the gov
ernment out of this fund. At liit one
only was so called by the government,
but he not bo ng nolo to keep up with
tho court in his examination of the
books, papers, and insurance rec rds,
others hnvo been added from time to
time. They hold no ofllees. They
aro simply government witnesses.
Tlioy are paid iu the form of salaries,
instead of a per diem aud mileage,
oto., in each case in which they aro
called, from considerations of conven
ience and oeonomy of money and t me.
Tho former court did not employ
insurance experts because if is presum
ed that court had no insurance cases
to adjudicate."
"Then, judge, how do you aeo unit
for this decision of tlio first comp
troller? Is it for political oftV'et, and
from a desire to break up the court
with a view to its reorganization
witii democratic judges and other olll
cers?" "I have not tried to account for it,
ami have no suHieient reason to justify
me in ascribing improper mot vos to
that high ollicial. On the other hand,
I entertain a high respect and regard
for J 1 1 iii. We were boys together as
students at the same college, anil 1
havo, of, followed his career
ever since, aud as far as 1 know ho
has been a worthy, capable, and up
right man iu all the reial ons ot Me.
I ilo not believe he would be inllu
enceil consciously in the discharge of
iiis ollicial duties by a political or any
unworthy motive. I do not doubt that
ho has 'done what ho conceived to
be his duty in the premises. Hut lie
is new in his olliee, ami of course un
familiar witli the settled ministerial
method of interpreting tiio statutes,
mil ho may havo been, and probably
was, misinformed as to the actual facts
of the case."
"What does tho court propose to tlo
about ill'"
"I suppose nothing whatever. Tho
members of llio court have hail no
consultation oyer the mutter, mid I
can only state my own impressions.
The department ollicors have no juris
diction over tho court as to its judg
ments, .decisions, rulinos, and orders,
anil the court has no jurisdiction oyer
tho accoiintiiigoflicets of the treasury.
Their ollicial' functions are separate,
ami distinct, aud ought lo remain so.
The court will do its duty as it under
stands it. The .first comptroller will
doubtless within his legitimate sphere
do the same. If- he has erred in this
mutter no doubt ho will modify or
change his ruling. And if he shall
not become so convinced ho will, 1
suppose, adhere to it, ami the matter
will have to wait until congress shall
in its discretion limi nnd apply a
remedy. Iu the meantime, 1 sticpose
the court will proceed, with such help
as it can legally employ, with the per
formance ot its judicial duties."
'Hut in that ciusu will not the court
he greatly crippled and retarded, and
eaii it dispose ot insurance cases with
out exports?"
"It will not bo exactly crippled, but
greatly retarded. Vos," It etui try and
decide Insurance cases without the aid
of experts, if that should become ne
cessary. U'l id individual judges can
personally examine insurance books
and papers ami compel by stibpoMia
tho attendance of exports as witnesses.
In this method the court would bo
reduced In thu necessity of proceeding
"Hut if the first comptroller should
adhere to his decision and congress
fall to enact remedial legislation, what
would thu court ilo?"
"J suppo-o it would go right along
as well as it could under thu exist ng
conditions, ami on the 111st of next
December, when the law expires, quit
work, anil ouch of its judges
and ollicors respectively go about his
own business and let the responsibility
of tho failure of claimants to got there
legal dues rust with thu first comp
troller or with congress.
All Uiireasoiiithlo Man.
About the most unreasonable man I
have heard of this year Is a resident
of Torre Haiile, linliiiiiii. The lui7 of
Hint oily snyj; "A business man of
this city kicks beoau.e an attorney
charged him 1H for collecting a bill of
$111. Have attorney no rights that
hiuiuod men nm hound to iepnel?"
In the ii ti in u of all nm. on, what did
the Homier iiiuruliiuit ex pool P Ilo
kIiiiiiIiI iwliililnr hlniMlf III ureal luuk
not to he uliiirguil $lu hy Ihe Hlloiimy
fur eolliMituig it hill of IW. Thai
would have liunn u iipiuril, nnti chil
ly if tiiti uUuriiM miumI liim fur the VlU
twIuHUtf Tim riA uf I lunula miu ny
U iu lU Ui Mil hi ffttfn vmIuv mi Uutlr
Itm fur MulltMtUug- - lU'jM ffcwy Matur
4ty Jt' iMttk fttTftli Mft! kJtf ill)
A newspaper is profcrablo to a
ortish for polishing a stove.
If salt is strewn over carpets boforo
they aro swept it will tend to froshon
ihe colors.
Water in which prunes have boon
loaked over night makes a vory ac
:cptablo acid drink.
A dish of colli water placed in an
jvcu that is too hot for baking will
ipoodily reduce the temperature
An eU'ectivo design for a wall pockot
s '.onvcntionalizeil yellow jessamine
vorked in Kengsington stitch on
dead leaf" sal con or .sorgo.
Fating a. low pieces of common
itareh will Mmietmios sottlo a weak
itomnch. (ium arahic is also a good
remedy, aud it will relievo tickling iu
.he throat.
Tho white of and esrg Is the best up.
jliention for soothing bums .m l
iealiN. It may tie j otired overthi
round, aud forms at once a vann-ii
iiidi excludes the air.
Him. copper or t'n vessels -ho'ii I
lover he used in i i
h act on of the .ic
I'll es poison. A p t
i i vessel is be i '.r
or ri ' .i
i iia'viii '.
iT on I i '
I o prevent in on
il I i .ri
el' c-. pour a 1 til.'
nir'h top. It u
,d p ir r
larden i;.'
in' d i i1 n when it N. and it e.m l
i anil it c.i n
in bo saved .i
I-. 1 v. 'coved. Ii
i- 1 i,.i:n next n'..3on
tSavealls made of tissue pap t -.Tprosont
rose of chrysaulhi m-nn
ire very convenient, Tlioy s:te i o
onstant washing of tho glass o
mil may bo changed whenever a -pot
)f caudle grease appears.
One who knows from expei- em o
inysthalif pooplu will ilrink butt "
oiilk "crow's feel" and wriuMcs a 11
)e kent in abeyance. Ituttcrmilk n ;v
refreshing drink, and as its ImmuuI'v
ngipialities are vouuhod for it ou,iit
o become popular.
Unique and curious panels nro
mado by inking etched plates ami lie u
'.aking the impression by covering
.hem wllh lhpiid plaster of Paris, iho
nk is transfoirod to tho plaster as n-r-'eetly
as if it were carefully printed.
I'hosu pttuoles may he framed.
It's to bo hoped tint no one will ilo
ts a fashion journal says, anil keep tho
aillows in a closet through tho day.
Xcop the pillows on the bod, whether
it be fashionable or not, unless a closet
.villi a window which permits tho
'reo access of puro air bo available.
An excellent method of administer
ng castor oil to children is arrived at
ly pouring the oil into a pan over a
aioderate lire, thou breaking an egg
.n to it and stirring well. Flavored
villi a liltlo sugar or current jelly,
;lio mixture will not bo d sagreeablo.
For polishing stained Hours uso a
iveighted br.ish with long handle.
Hues wax gives a very much better
polish than varnish, as" the latter will
ihow overy scratuh of tho boots or
jha rs tipo'ii it, and will soon look liko
in old lor. Do not hogin with var
nisli, but use Ihe wax polish from tho
An oniolet pun and pancako grid
Jlo, says an old cook, ought never to
Do washed. Thoroughly rub tho pan
ind L'rhldlo after and" boforo using,
with a clean, dry cloth. Of course
those dishes, if so handled, are never
to bo used for any other purpose than
jinclets and pancakes, and thoro will
no no trouble with either sticking to
(ho pan or griddle.
From ton to twonty drops of bro
mine dissolved in au ounce of ohvo
oil is claimed to bo an oU'ectiial rem
!ily for the eruption caused by con
vict with poison oak, ivy, oto. It is
used by rubbing gently on tho au'oetcd
part threo or four tlinos a day, and
.'specially on going to boil at night.
I'lio bromine is so volatile that tho
solution should bo renewed within
Iwenly-four hours.
Heinenibor that ono of tho vory
aleest, if not tho ni.-cst, way to pro
uire pumpkin for pies is us follows:
Uu'ulho pumpkin In half, put it In a
dripping pan, skin side down, (after
mo sueds are removed) in a slow oven;
baku until nil the good can bo easily
scraped from the rind with a spoon;
if it is as brown as nicely baked
bread, all the bolter; mash llnoly, and
:o ouo quart add a quarter of a pound
of butter, while hot. Thou maku up
iftor your usual formula.
Husked hoad and milk i3 a now
Jisii, very fashionable at city lunch
tables, ami a groat help to the house
keeper in disposing of stale bro id.
IS ii t perhaps you do not know what
rusked bread 'is. It is simply bread
dried quickly in tiie oyon till it is a
light brown," thou pounded till about
is lino as rice. It is "just delicious"
witli milk and berries, better than
oread or oraokors; and wo suspect
might servo as foundation for a deli
yious pudding to replace tho usual
"broad pudding."
Few cooks appreciate as tlioy should
tho noceislty of draining and airing
ill canned vegetables. For entitled
peas (in tin), beans, tomatoes, or anv
jthor, always open them three hours
boforo they are wanted. Drain oil' all
Jio liquor and throw It away. Turn
out the vegetables to evaporate and
a rupon a ilut dish. Stir them up so
that the all may reach them all
through. A little trouble, to be suro;
hut It makes this kind of food much
wholcsoinor; It gets rid of any gnsos
that may havo boon formed iu the
can, as well as any uf the corroded
lohler that may have dissolved out
with the liquor.
Ktiili'ml green peppers nro prepared
iu this way, Take large giouu pop.
pars, wash t hum and cut two thirds
urniiiiil the slum, that It leiiitiltu
sttiu hoii to the popper, uml rominu
till thu needs. Make a stiillliig ol two
qiiiM't uf llliely chopped eubluL'o, half
a cupful of grutoil hni-uritil all, tlll'UU
labluHpooiiftiU of onlniy noeil, ouu
cupful of in ti t u il (need, iiinl twu
lnbliupimilliiN of null- Fill the pen.
pr wllh the mixture, milling Intu
iwudi pupiiMr ouu tliiy n iu umbo!' uml
!jiiul oiilniii leiiluuu lliu uleni lUlll
tuiluull wllli Wflilnif rul Iho (lepiiDH
u u laru.u iiiiluwl jur, uuvur Ilium
yvub umIiI luw uil nm uw I'M
wTiL t t m o mural !iiHf!r;Uwd