Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About The Oregon scout. (Union, Union County, Or.) 188?-1918 | View This Issue
The Oregon Scout.
UNION, OREGON, SATURDAY, OCTOBER 3, 1885.
THE OREGON SCOUT.
An Independent weekly Journal, Issued overy
JONES & CHANCEY,
Publishers nnd Proprietors.
A. K. Jones, 1
j B. Ciiancey,
Rates of subsciuption:
Onocopy, ono year $1 CO
" " Six moiitl's 1 00
" " Three months 73
Invariably cash In ndvancd.
Hales of advertising tnado known on appli
cation. Correspondence from all parts of the county
Address all communications to A. K. Jones,
Editor Oregon Scout, Union, Or.
GHAND ItONDE Vaw ey Lopok, No. fifl. A. F.
nnd A. M. Meets on tho second and fourth
Saturdays of each month.
0. V. Belt,, W. M.
0. E. Davis, Sccrotnry.
Union LonoR, No. 39. I. O. O. F.ncgulnr
meetings on Friday evenings of each week at
their hall In Union. All brethren In Rood
standing aro invited to nttond. Ily order of
tho lodgo. S. W. Losa, N. O.
G. A. Thompson, Secy.
M. E. Ciiuncn Dlvino feivlco every Sunday
at 11 a. ic and" p. in. Sunday school at 3 p.
in. Prayer meeting every Tliurfdny evening
at0:30. Itr.v. Andkiison, Pastor.
PiiFSnVTEniAN Ciiuitcii Hegular church
ncrvicos overy Sabbatli mornltig and evening.
Prayer meeting oaeli weok on Wednesday
evening. Sabbath Fcliool eviry Sabbatlmt
10 a. m. ltov. II. Vehnon Hice, PaBtor.
St. John's EnscorAi. Chuiich Service
every Sunday at 11 o clock n. m.
Uev. V. It. Powell, Hector.
Judpo A. C. Craig
Blierlir A. li. saunners
Clerk 11. 1 Wilson
Treasurer A. K. Benson
School Superintendent J. L. Hlndmon
Surveyor E. Pin.onls
Coroner E. II. Lowls
Goo. Acklos Jno. Stanley
Stato Senator L. B. ltlnehart
F.T.DIok E. E.Taylor
Mayor; D. B. Rocs
8. A.rursol W. D. BeMlcman
J. 8. Elliott Willis fcklff
.1. B.Eaton G. A. Thompson
Itccorder J. B. Thomson
Marshal J. A. Dennov
TreaBuror J. D. Carroll
Street Commissioner T. K.Hton
Departure or Trains.
Regular cast bound trains lcavo at 0:30 a,
m. West bound trains leavo at 4:20 p. m.
J. It. CItlTES,
ATTORNEY AT I,AW.
Collecting nnd probato prnctlco specialties
Onico, two doois south of Postofllcc, Union
Attorney at Law and Notary Public.
Ofllco, ono door south of J. B. Eaton's store,
T 1 "
I. N. CROMWELL, M. D.,
Physician and Surgeon
Ofllco, ono door south ot J. B. Eaton's storo,
A. E. SCOTT, M. D.,
iiiysiciaiy aivi ;suiscni:oiv,
lias permanently located at North Powder,
wheroho will answer nil calls.
T. H. CRAWFORD,
ATTOIEIVEV AT JLAW,
D. Y. K. DEERING,
IMij bloijin ami Surgeon,
Ofllco, Main street, next door to Jones Bros.'
llesldenco, Main street, second houso south
Chronic disoasoa a specialty.
O. 1 ItlJI.I.,
JUSTICE OF THE PEACE,
Notary Public and Conveyancer. Olllce. B
street, two doors east of Jones Bros.' variety
store, Onion, Oregon.
H. F. BURLEIGH,
Attorney at I.mv Ileal X'htutu
uml ColIeeUiisr Agent.
Land Ofllco Business a Specialty.
Offlco at Alder, Union Co., Oregon.
KSSE ILlUDESTr, W. BIIELTON
FITCH, SHELTON & HARDEST!,
ATTOKIVUYS AT IAIV.
Will practice In Union, Baker, Grant,
Umatilla and Morrow Counties, also In tht
Supreme Court of Oregon, the District,
arcuit and Supreme Courts of the United
Mining and Corporation business a spe
icaltjr. OlUce in Union, Oregon.
A. FLORIDA MF.I.CN MARKET.
L Chance for a Statistician The Melon Men's
Queer Craft 3lelon-Urowlnp.
A statistics crank could revel to his
heart's content in the ligures and (acts
of tho watonuolon trado m this eitj
writes a Jnck?onvillo correspondent
to The New York Sun. Tho number of
melons brought to this market oach
season must bo up among tho millions.
Thoir nggrcgato weight in tons would
show up well in a row of ligures.
Placed end to end, they would mako a
3treak of green from hero to Capo
Horn, or some other jumping-oft' place.
Allowing a melon and a half to each
tlarky, it would take a largo contin
gent of tho colored raeo to oat them
at ono sitting. The total amount paid
or thorn by tho wholesalers would bo
equal to an appreciable fraction of
tho national debt, and tho total paid
by tho consumers would bo represent
ed by that fraction with its denomi
natoK divided by two. Allowing that
so many foot and inclios of rain fell
in Florida during tho rainy season,
and that 90 per cent of a melon's
witter, it could bo easily computed
how much of tho rainy season went
into tho melon crop. Then there
would bo tho colic, cholera morbus,
and Jamaica ginger ligures to wrestlo
with, and tho mortuary statistics to
bo put in convenient shape for refer
ence. Tho watermelon market placo is an
interesting point even to a person not
of a statistical turn of mind. It is on
tho river front. Steps lead down to
tho water for convenience in unload
ing tho melons from tho small boats
in which they aro brought from both
banks of tho rivor for cousiderablo
distances up and down tho stream.
Boats begin to arrivo early in tho
morning, and they keep coming all
day. It is surprising toseo what loads
of melons somo of theso shaky old
craft bring into tho slip; somotimes
under full sail, in a spanking breeze,
tho load topped oil' by twoor threo
drenched darkies singing negro songs;
sometimes witli a white-ash breozo,
slowly and laboriously; almost inva
riably with the water in tho boat near
ly on a level with that outside. Tho
melon, being composed so largoly of
water, is tho best and safest kind ol
ballast, with tho singlo excep
tion of an all-water ballast.
Tho kinds of boats used by
tho melon men are various and inter
esting, and oven astonishing. There
is no lack of smart cat-rigged and
sloop-rigged boats from eighteen to
thirty foot in length. They aro built
shallow, so as to bo ablo to skim over
tho broad "flats" of tho river, and aro
about ovenly divided between round
ing and flat bottoms. Then thero aro
craft in all stages of deeav. which ovi
dontly wero neat and worthy boats in
thoir timo, but have degenerated to the
last uso to wnicn a boat can bo put bo
fore it fall to pieces melon carry.
uus uio most interesting orait aro
. I if. . . i . . . w. . ...
inoso wnicn tuo uarKies buuu witli no
tools, but a hammer, ax. and auger.
and no material save unplanod hard-
pino ooanis and scantlings, cut nails,
onu second hand canvas and rones
Thoso hulls have no linos but straight
ones. Ihey aro of tho general shapo
of a potato bin, (hough sometimes tho
Bnds aro slanted tin scow fashion. In
stead of keel or center board there aro
boards pinned through ono corner to
the outside of the boat, and tho ono on
tho lee side is lot down into tho water
when sailing. Thev aro called loo
boards, and serve well tho purposo for
which inoy, aro intend. !U. somo ol
these boats aro providod with cabins
that aro quite stately and piciiiresquo
smokehouse-shaped structures, tow
ering eignt or ten loot above tho ra 1.
clap-boarded horizontally, with a door
in ironi, aim a slit in tlio roar lor tho
tiller to work in, and witli scats around
tho s:des elaborately cushioned with
calico stulled with Spanish moss. Tho
spritsail that is raised on tho ovnross
polo mast in front is hardly so largo
proportionately to tho size of tho craft
as tlio l'untan's spread of canras. But
it is, nevertheless, an inspiriting sight
to seo ono of these vessels approaching
tno town with all sails set and close
hauled, her leeboard down, tho wind
ii. . ...
oiowing nan a gale, and tlio waves
breaking over among tlio molons.
'Tho seclusion which tho cabin
grants," ovon though tho cabin is not
palatial, is at such times acceptable.
from tho market tlio molons aro
distributed in all directions, mostlv in
inulo carts. A venerable colored man
has a melon emporium in a dry-goods
box at tho head of the flight of stops
leading down to tho water, and ho has
tho reputation of socuring tho cream
of tho season's crop lor hiscuslomors.
no must navo occomo a capitalist long
ago. 1 ho darkies aro acknowledged
to bo tho most expert molon-oators in
tho land. Thoy aro novor put to it for
methods, so long as thoy can got tho
melon: but thoir favorite method is to
split tho molon longtltwifio, then scoop
out and eat tho red part of ono half
with a spade-shaped contrivanco whit
tled out of a ovpress shingle; after
which tho other half is treated in tho
samo manner, and tho expert goes in
search of another melon.
Wntormolons grow well in Florida.
Tho state prides itsolf more on its
climato than on its soil. If wind
could bo made to take tho placo of the
small percentage of a melon which is
not water, tho assistance of tho soil in
molon culturo could bo dispensed
with entirolv. and tho climato would
hare a chance to spread itself. A
Florida land agent from Pope county
recently said that ho was compelled to
admit that there was ono great draw
back to successful melon culturo in bis
section namely, that the vines grow
so fast that they wore out the young
melons dragging them over tuo
ground. Tho darkies say that niolqns
grown on tho edges of swamps givo
tho fever to persons who oat them.
Tho theory is that tho germs, or mi
crobes, or whatever produces that
malady, aro taken tip'in tho water
that goes in the melon.
"Thero aro special grades of silks
and satins made exclusively for tho
necktio trade," said a manufacturer
to a reporter for The New York Jrij
and Express recently. "Thoso inato
tcrials aro niado ironi patterns do;
signed by men who do nothing but
study up now things in neckties.
Thero aro from fifty to seventy-live
factories in this country and ton or
twolvo lirst-clnss makers. Tho latter
usually secure exclusive right to use
certain styles of goods from tho ma
kers, by buying cither the entire stock
oll'erod to tho American market or a
largo portion of it. But tlio success ol
making up tho goods is just like a lot
tery ticket. Perhaps one year I may
hit on some design and it will boconuj
so popular that all other makers will;
bo forced to adopt it, but tho noxtj
year somo one in Boston or Philadel
phia may make a iiit and 1 will have
to follow him. Thero's never any
telling how a necktio is going to take
with tho public until it's on tlio mar
ket. There its success depends on
who adopts it first. If lie happens to
bo a howling swell, and on the right
side of popular favor, that particular
kind of necktio will sell well."
"Aro tho styles of making up neck
ties originated abroad?"
"Not now. Thoy wero until loss
than threo j'cars ago, but now our
styles aro superior to tlio European,'
and thoy aro coming over hero for
patterns. However, thero is a ten
dency for English fashions for the
"Aro men or women employed in.
"Woinon. Thero aro moro than
1,200 girls thus employed in this city,
alone. Thoy work" by tho piece anil
mako moro or less money according to
their expertness. A goo'd linisher can
make $8 or S'J a week. She takes a
necktio after it is put together and
finishes each detail perfectly so that it
is ready to box. Tlirco ditloront col
ors of tho samo design and samo stylo
aro boxed together to givo tlio dealer
an assortment in tho ono make. Tho
finisher must seo that all of this kind
aro exactly aliko in point of finish and
mako -up. Wo havo ono girl who
does nothing but turn tlio bands of
neckties, and sho makes $15 a weok.
Sho turns twonty-fivo or thirty dozon
bands a day.
"Tho cheap woar now flooding tho
market is composed of old styles
raado of poor goods. As a rule, men
show no discrimination in purchasing
neckties. Thoy look into a window,
seo a tio that takes thoir fancy and
then rush in to buy it, novor stopping
to ask tho prico, Thus thoy nro just
as likely to buy ono of tho cheap kind,
that will not last a week, as a good
.An Ancient Spanish Title.
In 1717, when a band of colonists
from the Canary islands settlod in San
Fernando (now San Antonio) writes a
San Antonio correspondent to Tuo
Galveston News the Spanish govern
ment granted to tho town six leagues
of laud around tho town as oxnios,
which was laid oil' by motes and
bounds, ,with prominent natural ob
jects for corners.
About 18 16 tho city omployod Mr.
John James, a competent surveyor, to
resurvey tho lands granted to the city,
which was done and a map made of i
.1... ..... M'l..o I I
iiiu duiiiu. iiuj nuivuj' viia jiiiasuu inuuiiii ciiuNes oi nros, uccauso per
upon directly by tlio supremo court of fectly preventable. Spontaneous
Texas in tho caso of Lewis vs. San ( combustion from oilv rags and papers
Antonio, in lexas, in 1851, and tin. '
correctness oi 1110 survey was ii'imuicu
by tho court, iho city of San Antonio
has held tlio land embraced in the sur- ,
voy tnado by .lohn James for over
forty years prior to such survey. The
8 had boon surveyed in 1717, or
soon afterwards, and the survey by
John James was a resurvey, based on
the original boundaries of tho origiual
survoy; hut somo parties, conceiving
that moro than six leagues were em
braced in tho James survoy, and that
such excess was public land bolonging
to Texas and was open to entry, have
quietly filed upon it. Othors aro pre
paring to filo upon other portious of
It is doubtful if tho commissioner of
tho land otlico was told or suspected
that theso lands wero ombraced in the
survoy of San Antonio, wore cluimod
by tho city, ami wero prima laclo no
louger publlo land. Your correspond
ent received a hint of it a mouth ago
in a casual conversation, but was met
with such studied reticenco that ho
could not trace it out.
Ex-Citv Engineer Smith, when intor-
vlowed, yesterday, frankly said that
ho would not divulge certain matters.
When askod on which sldoof town tho
excess was supposffd to bo, ho replied
he feel at liberty to say who had filed
upon It. As tho city hnd sold pretty
u nuo iiui, uuuiij iu num.,
well all its lauds granted to it as cxi-
dos, this movement is likely to open a
mint of litigation. The chances are
that tho titlo of tlio city will proviil,
siaco it has held possession over 160
years, and nearly 40 since the Jamo)
survoy was made, and in Lowls vs.
San Antonio tho court decided that
twenty years possession would bar tho
stato. The excess in quantity, If any,
embraced within tho oltioa borders
would belong to tho city.
Telegram from Watbloeton terrltorr re-.
port the warinet weather ever experienced lr
StiRRfRtlnns on Constructing and Gnardlni;
HulldliiKS, So as to vold Fires, etc.
Fire Protection for Farm Itullillncs-
Mr. W. E. Partridgo writes in tho
last number of tho forest, Forge ami
Farm: Tho destiny of overy farm
house or isolated country duelling in
this country appears to bo destruction
oy lire, juio older nouses burn as
regular from "dufoctivo chimneys"
ns accidental deaths follow lho uso of
tho gun that "ho didn't know was
Tho now houses nro comparatively
exempt from fires of this class, and tho
conclusion might he reached that the
old buildeis did not know how to con
st met a perfectly safe flue; this, how
ever, would bu an error. Many of
these defective linos roriuiro timo for
thoir production. When now thoy
wore probably as perfect as any that
nro built now. Whoro wood is used
ns a fuol a largo amount of "creo
sote, or pvroligneotis acid, as it is
termed by tlio chemist, is formed. It
passes from tho liro in tho form of
steam, but as it reaches tho higher
parts of tlio chimney is condensed
upon tho walls ami is nborbcd by the
sooty lining. Tho liquid is very cor
rosive and roadilv attack s tliotnorlar,
in time completely destrosing it. Tho
destruction is aided by tho rains
which wash down tho soot and mortar
which has been dissolved. Tills
process usually continues until tho
whole upper portion of tlio chimney
for fifteen or eighteen feot, and in
sonic cases oven a greater distance, is
tit no better man a pile oi uncus witn
wide and open joints. Under ordinary
conditions there is an in-draught into
tlio chlmnoy at all points, and the only
V.. ... ...I 1. .1 1 ! .
unuui which luesu uiauKM nnvu is to
lesson tho novver of tho "draught" to
some extent. In stormy woathor,
however, tho gusts of wind which
cause a pull' of smoko to bo thrown
from fho liro-plnco or tlio stove force
tlio smoko out of theso oponings, and
tho fatal spark is blown out against
somo old and tinder-dry beam to
smolder and break into llamo hours
after tho mischief has been done.
Fires of this class almost always start
in places wliero tlio lire itsolf can not
bo reachod, and ovon with an olliciont
fire department a house thus on
dangcred could hardly bo saved.
Another source of danger is to bo
found in tho beams anil woodwork
resting against tho hot brickwork or
against hot flues from furnaces. As
these chimneys and flues novor bo-
como not enough to light a match, no
alarm is folt m regard to thom, and.
usually, no effort is niado to secure
protection. Thero is danger, but it is
of a kind not usually suspected. Wood
when kept for a long timo at a torn
poraturo considerably below that of
boiling water undorgoos a very pecu
liar cnango, and is anally converted
into a brown or black charcoal. Dur
ing this convorsion it gradually ac
quires ono oi tno characteristic pro
perties of fresh charcoal, that of ah
sorbing oxygen from tlio air so rapidly
as to become heated and at last to
burst into llamo by a sort of sponta
neous combustion. Beams, partitions,
and other woodwork undergoing tho
charring process mav, after somo
years, begin to smolder, nnd burn for
hours, or even a wholo dav, before
finally bursting into flame. 'Tho liro
has in tho uieantiino boon spreading
aiong otic oi sight and roach, and
when discovered is usually quito bo
yond control. Tho ash barrel, when
wood has been used for fuel, has
caused an immense number of fires.
Theso, anil tho eating of matches by
niieo and rats, may bo classed as dis-
..I ' -
causes a few lires. Faulty lightning
rou connections lorni another class ol
lho question now arises: What
remedies aro to bo applied, and how
may country houses bo rendered moro
secure against fire, without entiroly
reconstructing tiiemr Xho simplicity
oi the directions aro vorv likely to
load to their neglect. Old chlmnoys
should bo "pointed up" from top to
uoitom; mat is, lho joints in
tho bricks should bo lillod with fresh
mortar. When tho flues nro largo
tnoy should bo plastered liisido as
well us out. Sometimes round tiles
enn be put in so as to make continuous
Huo8. Thoso aro safe and givo excellent
draught. Tho essential point is to
mako the chlmnoy tight and keep it so;
u,is i8 imperative if safety is to bo so
cured. Woodwork must not bo al
lowed to come against flues and chlm
noys in such a way as to oauso it to
feel hot or warm to tho touch. Six
inches clear space between a stovu-plpe
and a beam or partition is none too
"great. A shoot of zinc is not a pro
tection unless it lias an air space in
addition. Dig into beams, etc.. that
have been long exposed to heat and
seo what condition the timber to in. If
charring has hogun it is high timo to
rOIOfni 1110 COII8 1 TllC t IOII.
Take un ashes onlv in motnl vossols.
and if a motal barrel or its equivalent
can not bo hud curry tho ashes at once
to a storc-houso, which should bo of
brick or stone, or mudo firoproof lfy
some inothod of construction. A bar
re) plastered inside is better than ono
with no protection. In thoso days
when spices and many othor things of
tho kind are put up in tin boxes or
cans no oxcuso exists for keeping
matches In wood or paper packages.
When in tin boxes they aro out of the
way of mico. To loavo thom scattered
upon mantels or tables is a criminal
not, which too frequently brings its
own punishment Spontaneous com
totut.on doea not often occur in coun
try hottsos, but barns are frcr,tiontlj
destroyed by heating of wot hay, or
aro struck by lightning on account of
tlio column of steam and vapor which
rises from thoir damp and heating con
tents. When hay goes into tlio barn
in a damp condition' the farmer runs
man' risks which he ca:i not well
atl'ord to take.
Tho lightning-rod should havo a
Inrgo and heavy motallio connection
with damp earth, and this should bo
inspected frequently to mako sure that
rust has not destroyed the rod nnd
converted it into a source of dangor.
F.vvry houso should bo provided witli
somo kind of a portable forcn-pump,
cnpablo of throwing a stream of water
twonty-livo or thirty feet. Tlio pumps
which can bo attached to a pall and
used for watering gardens answer the
purposo perfectly, except that a hoso
eighteen or twonty feot in longth
should bo provided. With such a
cheap and simple apparatus water can
bo thrown in between beams, behind
chimneys, nnd into all the nooks and
crannies tiiat can not bo readied with
a pail or dippor. In such places lires
Mart, and though their position is
often seen, the householder stands
helpless for want of somo means of
throwing a fow cupfuls of water upon
tho smoldering places. It too frequent
ly happens in winter that a singlo pail
of water in tiio kitchen sink is the only
supply at hand if a fire should bo dis
covered. In mills, pails are set in
stated places and kept always filled.
The suggestion is a good ono lor farm
ers. A fow extra pails of wator at
night or in tho daytime form a very
good and cheap insurance In conclu
sion, it is safe to say that carolessness
is the great ineendiary.and that watch
fulness is as good as an insurance
Tho following is tho formula of mlx
turo recconiniended by tho Ontario
Agricultural collego for a permanent
pasturo in that province: Meadow fos
cuo, 0 pounds; meadow foxtail, -t
pounds; red top, 2 pounds; orchard, S
pounds; Kentucky blue, 2 pounds;
Timothy, 4 pounds; poronnial rye, 1
pound; yellow oat, 2 pounds; lucorno,
6 pounds; whito clover, !) pounds;
nlsike, 2 pounds; red, 1 pound; yellow,
1 pound. This is a total of 3G pounds
of sood por acre. Prof. Brown con
siders as more reliable and valuablo
tho following selection from this list
in their ordor of morit: Meadow fes
cue meadow foxtail, red top, orchard,
Kentucky bluo and Timothy.
Tho littlo cluster of islands in Uio
Pacilie, just oil' tho Patagonian coast,
furnish forago for 400,000 shoop.
Thoro tiro no hushos or troos of any
kind on lho islands, nnd tho entire
surfaco is covered with a bod of peat
which would supply tho world. Ovor
the peat is a thick growtli of short but
very nutritious grass, on which tlio
sheep thrivo wonderfully. Nearly
overy day thoro is rain, which seems
unublo to forco its way down tho hills,
nnd tho summits nro as wet always as
Tho Massachusetts Horticultural
sooioty oilers thus in advance its
special prizes for spring flowering
bulbs, in order that thoso who desiro
to compote may make timely prepara
tions. Tho timo for exhibition will ho
about tho 20th of March. The amount
of tlio prizes is ovor 200, besides gold
nnd silver medals, and the plants are
hyacinths, tulips, narcissus, lilies, mid
anemones. The competition, excopt
for tlio medals, is open to all persons.
In many sections of Iowa tho rav
ages of tlio grasshoppers havo been
very destructive. When tho moudows
wero bared by tho gathering of tho
hay crop, thoy attacked tho oatii and
timothy, in many places clipping ofl
from fivo to ton bushels per acre of
tiio oats. Vory lato oats in many
cases wore so injured as to be of no
value excopt for straw. Sinco theso
crops aro socurod thoy havo attacked
the corn, witli how much damngo re
mains to bu seen. ,
Tho twelfth annual Jntorstnto pic
n ic exhibition, under lho auspices of
tho Patrons of Husbandry of Penn
sylvania, Maryland, West Virginia,
New Jursoy, and Delaware, will open
at Williams' Grove, Cumberland conn-
Pa., on Monday, Aug. ill, and con-
uo until Alomtnv, bept. 7. Agri
cultural and seientifio addresses by
prouiinont fanners and statesmen will
bo delivered, and inlos of implomouts
and stock will take pluce.
Tho white willow is gonorally pre
ferred for wind-breaks in Iowa lor the
following reasons: Tho small trees or
cuttings aro obtained for a nominal
prico. Thoy grow so fast that thov
afford coiiHidorublo protection in threo
or four yoars. Thoy aro not likely to
bo broken down by tlio wind. Cattle
do not injure them, and their branches
como so near the ground that tho
wind does not plow boneath thom.
Fowls aro moro of a help on tho
farm than many farmers roalizo.
Thev destroy uumborloss insocts that
nro Injurious to tho orchard trees;
and tho poultry manure, if thoroughly
composted, is a valuablo fertilizer for
corn, grass, or grain, and is especially
adapted to promote vigorous and
healthy growtli of fruit trees.
Tho plonoer cofleo-growor in tho
United States Is a woman Mine. Af
zeroth, Shu has a ooll'oo plantation
near Manatia I la., and'hns twenty
five colleo plants growing successfully.
Sho thinks that sho has demonstrated
tho fact that coffee can be raised iu
Tho experiment of planting tobacco
has been tried at Reno, Nov., and baa
proved successful, while it Is thought
that tho climate is won litieu lor our-
ng the leaf.
FACT AND FANCY.
A Roso, N. Y., peppcrmint-raisei
sold tho oil from ono aero for $9275.
Tho prohibitionists are making a
close canvass of ove'ry county in Toxas.
A fond father hitches the baby carri
age to his tricycle and tako3 the baby
Tho rico crop of Louisiana is the
finest ovor known, while tlio noroago is
much larger than over boforo.
Sixty largo whips aro laid up in San
Francisco bay on account ol low
froiglits, waiting for bettor times.
Hot wator at a depth of eight hun
drod feot has been discovered in an
artesian well at Sierra Valloy, Cal.
According to an eminont southern
authority on barbecues, it takes ten
hours to roast a wholo ox to perfec
tion. Pol Hand, Oregon, is about to havo
somo of her streots paved witli granito
brought from Hong Kong for tho pur
pose.' During August 282 oil-wolls wore
drilled in tho oil regions of Pennsyl
vania, thirty-oight of which wero
Tlio first snow of tho season in tho
United States fell at Wilkesbarro, Pa.,
Aug. 28, and on tho same day it snow
Tlio foundation of threo-fourths of
nil cases of consumption is hud before
the ago of 25 years; in women, during
A Gorman lady at Carlislo, Pn., has
iu charge and will try to raiso an
Apache papoose, captured from tho
An oloctrio railway, now boing laid
in Philadelphia, is to bo opened for
travel Oct. 1. Its cost is at tho ralo
of $16,000 per milo.
Hannibal Hamlin has an imitator in
Columbia, a man who hasn't worn an
ovurcoat for thirty yoars, and who has
never boon in bod sick.
Now Mexico is to havo a territorial
fair at Albuqiiorquo in Soptombor, ono
of the loaturo-i of which will bo a
genuine cowboy tournamout.
Thero aro still publlo lauds opon to
oottlement in ninotooti states and
oight territories. Tho prlcos vary
from $1 25 to $2 50 por ncro.
SIxtoon cowboys had a pitched baf
tlo in Idaho recently, nnd although
ovor ninety shots wero lirod, but ono
mau was hit, and he only slightly.
In building tho main drainago works
in Boston 60,000,000,000 bricks and
180,000 casks of cement wero used.
Tho total cost of theso works was
Under Holl Gato, Now York, thoro
aro twouty-two miles of dynnmlto
cartridges, with which it is proposed
to soon remove rooks that cover nino
ncres of river bottom.
It ostimated that Now Yorkors
spend no less than $3,000,000 in sum
mor rocroatlon ovory your. Of this,
$ 1,000, 000 jrooa to Nowport and nn
othor $1,000,000 to Long Branch.
A rosidont of Now Orloaus has boon
convicted of lunnoy becauso whon,
twico a year, ho ohaugod his high silk
hats ho had tho now ones fashioned
after the stylos of ton yoars boforo.
At Ocoan Grovo thoy havo put up
notices rouding: "Young women who
bulho aro oxpectod to dross as modest
ly as at homo." And yet vory fow
young women woar bathing suits whoa
thoy bntho at homo.
Oyor two thousand business men in
Now York city havo boon swindlod by
a map-publishor who wont around
gathering up $5 bills and promising to
insert pictures of business houses iu a
map which was novor issued.
Visitors to tho tomb of Gen. Grant
mako all sorts of excuses to speak
witli tho soldiors on guard. Tho camp
is a great objeot of curiosity, and tho
persistence of tho sightseers is n heavy
tax on tho good nature of Uncle Sam's
"Say," said tho editor's smart littlo
son, as ho entered a store, "do you
keep knlvos?" "O yes," responded
tho storekoopor, "wo'vo kopt thom for
years." Well," returned tho boy,
starting for tho door, "you ought to
ndvortiso, and then you wouldn't koop
'cm so long."
For sovoral days past the bouoh at
the old inlet in Shlaiieeook bay, Now
York, lias boon covered with crabs,
that wero apparently migrating from
tlio bay to tho ocean. In ono placo
ovor six acros of sand beach were so
closely covered with tho crabs that
thoy touched each other.
Tho total annual consumption of
ton, it is now estimated, is 3,000.000.-
000 pounds; of colleo, 1,000,000,000
pounds; cocoa and ohocolato, 1.000.000
pounds. Tea Is the fnvorlto drink of
Russia, Holand, nnd England, tho
lust country annually importing 100,
600,000 pounds, or sovoral pouuds to
each man, woman, and child.
A fashlonablo summer visitor at the,
Catskllls, who surprisod ovoryono
with her lavish expenditure, was in
tho habit of asking the hotel dork
for a littlo money for ordinary cur
rout expenses. On several ocoasiona
she startlod him by saying when asked
how much; "Oh, $1,000 or $2,000 will
do, I guess."
Tho California wino-makera at one
time this your thought they had rea
son to hopo that tho viutngo of 1885
would como up to twenty live million
or thirty million gallons, But an un
timely spring frost compelled them to
roduco their estimate 60 per oast., and
the yield now expected is about Hftwm
million gallons, which are suUUt tal
ly the figures of 1K81. The quality of
the product is 'excellent, however, and
the net result will therefore lie aalta