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About The Oregon scout. (Union, Union County, Or.) 188?-1918 | View This Issue
Net from Die crystal bo.om of Hio mere
Caught ho tlic flaming brand of Excalihar,
Like UrlUln's kins of yore;
Fet not less rand was Grant than be,
The flower of English chivalry,
Whoso deeds the bravo ador.;
Nor less renowned the aftcr-tlinc will bold
Our own Ulysses, tbnn the knight of old.
No prince of Arthur's Table Hound e'er drew
A breath more loyal, or n blade more true;
With lofty purpose fired,
Ho bunted not the Holy Owal,
Like Lancelot or Fcrclvalc,
Whom sordid lust Inspired;
He loved his fellow man. and, loving, gave
Ills band heroic to the struggling slave.
His soldlcr-splrlt scorned the sword to sheathe,
Till Treason and Oppression ceased to breathe ;
No mad arnblt.on tinned
The sturdy warrior f orn hi course,
His was the native lire and fnrcc.
hi Ilruee's blood that burnxl;
The foe that yielded to his victor-blow.
In battle's chance, no longer was his foe.
Not love of blood auJ carnngo swayed tho
Of this Biibllmcst hero of the West;
He strove not for the snko
Of tltb', rank, nor conquest, nor
Vain prestige, bo but iiatthd for
The principles at stake;
And when his genius triumphed In the end,
The foe he conquered blessed him as a friend.
Crowned with unfading laurels he went forth,
And wound a chain of friendship round the
As never man had done:
Nor can tho teeth of Time rfTaco
The lustre of his deeds, his placo
Is by our Washington;
His majesty, his manhood, to the last,
deemed always brightest when most overcast.
Warrior Immortal 1 On MaeOregor's crest
The silent Chieftain sinks at length to rest,
And all the nations weep;
In that fair city by the sen,
Within tho Isnd bo foucht to free,
He sleeps tho , rfect sleep,
Nor far remote the mighty angel stands,
Enlightening with Liberty all lands.
J. A' Matthewi, in The Current.
Years ago I rontoil a farm in a not
vory thickly settled region of Arkan
saw. 1 took with nie, as a partner,
John Dayliloom. I have never known
nny ono else of that name, and I have
often thought that John took it up on
account of its sound. John was a
quiet sort of follow, ordinarily, hut at
times his system demanded physical
oxoiiomcnt. At certain poriods'John
had to ho accommodated with a light.
Theso attacks of pugnacity camoupon
him like spells of "biliousness, and I
don't know but his occontricities in
this way somewhat isfiuoncod mo in
engaging him as a partnor, for, re
port said that tho Elkin hoys who lived
near tho farm which 1 had rented
wore customers of peculiar toughness.
I could always got along pretty well
without lighting, and 1 have boon so
'careful of tho feelings of others to
say nothing of my own feelings that
I fiavo often crossed tho street, yea,
have ofton loft town to avoid hurting
any ono John and 1 set out in a wagon.
Wo had not proceeded far when John
"VU toll you what's a faot,
Tom 'Jackson, I don't feci comfort
able." "What seems to bo tho mattorP"
"Ono of my spoils is coming on
)"I am sorry to hoar that."
"And I am sorry to know it," ho re
joined, "for we'll soon bo in a
half civilized, unoducated community,
wlioro a man can't find accommo
dations." '"I hopo, John, that you can light
off a paroxysm until wo git to tho
farm, for, judging from what I've
hoard, tho Elkin boys mo likely to meet
us and demand sonlo sort of au ex
This remark ohoorodhini, and taking
tho lines from mo, ho whipped tho
horses into a brisk trot. Occasionally
during tho dav ho would burst into a
song, or, whistling dolefully, would
seem to have fallen into a condition of
contentment a stato of happiness
which comes of fond expectancy; but
at night, when Urn brightness of our
tiro died away and when tho horsus,
coasing to munch their food witli that
sound so dear to somo men, became
(pilot, John would bocomo gloomy and
Just before wo reached our destina
tion John said:
"Suppose those fellows aro not thoro
to meet usP"
"Oil, they'll bo thoro," I encourag
"I don't know," ho rejoined,
sadly shaking his head. "I have
mot with so many disappointments
that I can never bo sure of any
thing." When we came within sight of the
farm-house, John stood up in tho
wagon and anxiously scanned tho sur
"1 don't boliovo those dovllish fol
lows have come."
"Don't give up yet."
"1 can't heln it. This life is hardly
worth living," ho sadly remarked. "A
man never knows whoa his hopes aro
going to bo dashed to pieces."
Wo stopped and were unhitching
tho horses when a tall young fellow
suddenly made ins appearance.
"How aro youP" said John, drop
ping n trace chain and eagerly scan
ning tho young fellow.
"Ain't so mighty peart; howjs It
"Oh, I'm kicking pretty lively.
What's your niiuiu?"
A look of suppromo gratification
jonmo over his face as ho replied:
tiPtiii f i 1 fi lift litmr fill villi
"No, not for mo in particular, but
you niout do a llttlo something for my
brother Ab. Ab. ho ain't boon in good
health for somo time, an' tho doctor
Mowed that a llttlo brush o' somo sort
would do him good. Do you want to
"Yes, as I am not very well myself,
vim mnv cull hliu."
" 1SI1I Elkin, mouuUnc stump, put
ills hands on each side of his mouth
ud culled, "Ho. AM"
In moment there cawo a reply:
"Follor down hero wants to s(5h
Ab may not havo been in good
health and his physician may have
.i i : -i. ii !..:....
uvihcu u cuursu ui iuugn huuiuiiiu,
but there vas certainly nothing about
him that suggested the Invalid. Jail,
brawny and broad shouldered, ho was
a complotn picture oi ruggeu sircngin.
j V 1 1 yuu uiu iuuui mill wuiiio inu
ho asked, turn intr to mo.
As quickly as possiblo I assured him
that 1 was not, and, in n incredibly
short space of time, I assured him
that my respect for tho Elkin family
was unbounded, and that I would
Eoek an early opportunity of proving
X Hill U1U ill till lilill Uillllo
"When do you want mo? Now or
"Now," John replied. "I can't cat
a blto until after I havo spread my
hands on you."
"Wall, I don't know that you can
eat any airtcr I git through with you."
Without uttering another word,
thoy stopped to ono side and began to
light each other liko two chickens.
First ono and then tho other rolled on
tho ground. During tho light, Bill
Elkin sat on tho wagon tongue, pay
ing no attention to tho conllict; indeed,
about the timo tho light was begun,
ho attempted to toll mo a story of less
than ordiniuy interest. Tho combat
lasted about Jifteen minutes, and when
it ended, John s noso was badly skin
ned and Ab had lost a front tooth.
"Heady to go home, Hill?" Ab
"Ain't particular. Got anufTP"
"Yes, reckon 1'vo cot nnuffto do
mo a while." Then, shaking hands
with John, ho added, "Idont livo fur
from hero an' I'd liko fur you to drap
over soniotimo an' seo mo. You can
como too," addressing mo.
1 never saw a man improved moro
than John was. After eating hoartilv
ho went to bod, humming a joyous
tune, and when I awoke tho next
morning, ho was out in tho yard,
There never was a moro poaccablo
man than John, oxocpt when ono of
his spells camp- over him. His most
commendable trait, however, was an
industrial one. Ho was tho best farm
hand 1 havo over seen, and ho would
rather got up at morning and cook
breakfast than to lio in bed. This
suited mo. Ono of my peculiarities
was my willingness to allow him to
do tho cooking. My solf denial in such
matters increased his rospoct for mo.
Wo said no moro of tho Elkin boys
until ono day, about a month after tho
light, old man Elkin camo over and
invited us to visit him. I was not dis
posed to go, hut John linnlly persuad
ed mo to accompany him. Ab and
Hill, meeting us at tho gate, shook
hands with us as though wo wore old
friends. Tho old log house was scan
tilyoven hurriedly furnished, but
ovorything was neat. Mrs. Elkin, an
old-timo woman with a hairy mole on
her face, added to tho welcomo that
had already boon extended. While
wo woro sitting in the room, pleasant
ly talking of tho friendship whioh had
sprung up between John and Ab upon
their lirst mooting, a young lady made
"This is my daughter, Jack," said
Jack! What a namo for such an at
tractive girl. Sho was not educated,
but hor manners were agrcoablo and
thoro was about hur an air of untaught
refinement whioh 1 could not help but
admire. I saw immediately that John
was improhsed by hor, and 1 noticod
with not a vory kind fooling either,
that she was disposed to smile upon
hlin with a brightness whioh faded tho
uiomout she looked at me. Tho old
man addressed his conversation to mo,
thinking it a great compliment, no
doubt, but I was moro than willing to
surrondor tho larger part ot tho atten
tion which ho snowed mo.
How do vou like this country:1"
Jack asked as sho bestowed upon John
one of hor brightest smiles.
"You won't lind much sooioty
"Oh. I'll find enough for my use I
am not much of a society man."
"I am bum to near you say so, lor l
don't oaro nothln' for it, either."
"Do vou like to road?" John asked.
"Yes if tho book is intorestin'."
"Havo you read many books?"
"Not so poworful many, but 1 have
road tho 'Colt with throo Hot, or tho
Heo that buzzed in tho Fox Tail grass.'
It's tho finest thlnir 1 over reait. uno
follor 1 forgit his namo could kill
robbers as fast us thoy could como to
him. 1 would lovo to" moot such a man
"Yes, such a follor ought to bo tho
governor of tho stato."
" a. It I 1 f I 111
"los, i tninicso sue rojoinou wun
Just thon. whilo I was Interested In
the animated conversation, tho old
man said to mo:
"Did you over oat a 'coonP"
"Omrhter oat ono. Host moat you
over seed. 1 was a weakly sorter man
till 1 eat a 'coon, ami thou 1 got
1 voniuraii mo rouiarK mm oawug
... . .1 1 .1
'coon would mako anyone strong.
That evening, as wo woro returning
home, John said to mo:
"What do you think ol Jack?"
"Sho is very handsome."
"I think so. In fact, 1 am in lov
1 could havo told him that I was too,
but l dfdn't. Ono of my peculiarities
is to be on the safu side.
John began to grow gloomy, ami
know that one of his spells was coming
on him. lining in love, ho fought
manfully, but I could seo that ho was
gradually yielding. Ono night ho
llouucod out of bod and exclaimed:
"1 can't stand this auv longer."
"Where are you going?" 1 asked as
no begun to put on ills eiotnos.
"I'm going over to seo Ab Elkin."
"He's gone to bed."
"Can't help It. I've got to seo him."
1 accompanied him. During our
walk tiirougn tiio tiaric woods, iieitnor
of us spoke a word. Arriving at IA
kiu' gate, Johu shouted for Ab.
"Who's thar?" somo ono nsked.
"John Day bloom. Who aro you?"
"Well, Ab, como out horo a niin
ate." "1'vo got to fight you," said John
when Ab camo out.
"Can't you put it off till morning?"
"No, 1'vo put it off as long as I
"Wall, I reckon I'll havo to 'corn
mod ato you."
Tho night was so dark that I could
not seo much of 'tho encounter, but
;ho sounds tlint camo up from tiio
ground where tho two men woro roll
ng, nssured mo that tho battle was
jno of unusual vigor. After awhilo
(hoy got up.
"'I am ready to go," said John.
Sood night, Ab."
"Good night Como over and eeo
Occasion all, as wo walked homo,
John would stop. Onco I asked:
"What's tho matter, John?"
"Nothing. Just stopped to spit out
When wo reached home and lighted
i lamp, I saw that all of John's front
icetli woro gone. Ho did not appear
: regret the lose, but attempting to
pvinstlo, ho sat down and rocked lnm-
lolf with great satisfaction. Tho noxt
aiorning ho was up early, singing in
ho vnrd. no prepared an extra
oroafifast, and although ho chewed
under much restraint, ho very much
jujoyed the meal.
For a timo John and I together vis
ited the Elkltis, but after a whilo, re
ceiving no encouragement, I allowed
John to go alono. Ho did not protost,
but on the contrary, seemed willing to
disponso witli my company. Ono af
ternoon, whilo I was sitting under a
troo in tho woods, lsaw John and Jack
coming. It was not lionorablo, I ad-
aiit, but I kept tho troo botwoon thorn
and mo. Thoy approached tho
treo and seated thoinsclvos on a
lP' . . ....
'Jack," said donn, "i navo
bocomo vory much attached to
"Pio you Haven't," sno ropiiou.
"Yes, I have."
"No, you haven't."
Thon U103 laughed.
"Jack, I couldn't got along without
"les, you could. '
"No, I couldn't."
Thoy laughed again, and pooping
from behind tho treo, 1 saw him kiss
'Jack, I want you to bo my
"No, you don't."
"Yes. I do."
Thoy laughod and kissod oacli other
"Now, .lack, lot us throw aside all
oking. I havo never thought much of
marriage, but when i havo thought of
it at all, you aro tho kind of woman I
pieturod to myself, tiou aro largo and
1 os, lam as strong as mv brotnor,
Tho following night John told mo
that ho and Jack woro engaged, and
that thoy would soon bo lnarriod.
L assumed surprise and congratu
lated him. Tho Elkins began at onco
to mako preparations for tho mnr-
iago. U. no old man, one ovoniugsaid
"I wish that I had a gal for vou,
Tom, but tho fact is, gals has always
been sorter sea'co at mv House."
Evorybod. in tho neighborhood at
tended tiio marriage. John had bought
my interest in our crop, and immedi
ately after tho ceremony, ho took his
wife homo, whilo 1 sought a distant
town. That was ton years ago last
ugust. Tho other day, while I was
sitting in mystoro, lamenting tho hard
times, a worn, wasted man entored
"How aro you?"
It was sometime boforo I could re
alize that Johu stood before 1110.
Wh v. in void friend," 1 exclaimed,
"how aro you?"
Ho sat down and for a timo remain
"Is your health good?" I askod.
"Do you havo anv moro of your
"Any moro of what spells? Oh, I
remember now. No, 1 don't havo any
more. .The fact is, 1'vo got tho best
wife in tho world. Sho is the host
uicdioino I over struck. 1 had ono
spell shortly after wo woro married,
and in ton minutes I got all tho satis
faction I wanted. This loft arm has
boon pa ly.ed over since. Tom, you
oughter havo a wife liko mine."
Two Strokes of Lightning.
In tho days of ancient Homo, whon
almost every occurrence was bclivcd
todiayo a supernatural significance,
tho fact that lightning had struck in
tho vicinity of an open tomb, as well
as near tho body intended for tho
tomb, within tho spaco of twonty-four
hours, would havo been doomed a
matter of tho highest importance, and
tho augurs would have been oaled on
to explain and interpret tho will of
tho gods. On Wednesday afternoon
tho men who woro at work in Htvor
sldo 1'ark preparing tho foundation
for tho Grant tomb woro driven under
shelter by a sudden and furious storm,
and they had scarcely left tho excava
tion when lightning 'struck tho earth
at that point, destroying tho work al
ready dono and uprooting several
trees that had stood noar by. A day
later, and at a spot 200 or 300 miles
distant, another stroke of lightulng
prostrated half a dozen people who
were standing in front of tho oottago
at Mt. McGregor where tho body of
Gen. Grant thon rested. Those ovents,
which pass as a singular coincidence
in this ago, would havo tilled all Homo
with alarm and horror If happening
there undor similar circumstances
'.',000 years ago. Chiongo Herald.
It it recorded tbt Henry Daddy, colored,
died tu ChetWrlleld, 8, C, last week, "lcaVog
UU tutrkeutu wife to mourn his lost."
Sagcestloni as How to Dispose of Surplus
Fruit Minor Notes.
Usrs for Surplus Frnlt.
Prof.Jv. H. Arnold, of New York,
whoso loctures and writings have con
tributed so much to tho dairy inter
ests of tho country, sends a communi
cation to The New York Tribune on the
utilization of apples for which there is
no ready market, in which he sayft
An organisation looking to a better
utilization of orchard products has
been formed in Douglas county, Kan
sas, located in tho heart of tho fruit
growing region for which that stato is
becoming noted a movement worthy
of adoption in other localities. The
fruits of castorn Kansas, especially its
apples, aro prolific, largo, lino-appearing,
and of excellent quality, and lat
terly their excellence has been pushing
them into the eastern markets, notably
in 1883, when fruit was generally
scarce in the east. In that yoar west
ern New York, with all its renown as
a fruit-growing region, did not pro
duce fruit enough for its own con
sumption, and Hoehester leaned heav
ily on Illinois, Missouri, and Kansas
through tiio early winter for its supply
of green apples.
Tiio largo extent of territory in this
country adapted to the production of
lino fruit, and tho facilities for and low
cost of its distribution, keep prices so
low that no extraordinary prolits can
bo realized from it, oven iu casos of
local scarcity. Abundanco and closo
competition make consumers moro fas
tidious in regard to quality, and thoy
can only bo satisfied witli perfect fruit.
Excepting thoso whoso orchards aro
closo by tho cities and largo towns,
who can mako distributions from thoir
own wagons, there is absolutely no
market lor fruit in any way imperfect.
Hotweon tiio cold winds and frosts of
spring and injury from hail-storni3 and
the ravages of insects in tho summer
and fall so largo a part of orchard
products become in somo way impaired
that unless tho imperfect fruit can be
in somo way utilized there is not sound
fruit enough left to mako its produc
tion jirolitablo. Tho most common
modo of saving this blemished fruit
most of it scarcely inferior to the best,
except in appearanco is by desicca
tion, for which tliero aro three princi
First is slow drying by heat of sun
and exposure to air at a' low tempera
ture; second, rapid drying by placing
the prepared fruit on wire ololli in a
current of hot air; third, rapid drying
by exposing the prcparcu fruit to
direct heat radiating from heated sur
faces. Tho lirst is a very ancient and
a very poor method. Hy it ono hun
dred pounds of green apples will pro
duco twelve and one-half pounds of
dry product at a cost of 2 cents a
pound lor preparing and drying, which
will now sell at wholesale lor from 2
to 6 cents a pound, leaving a small
margin for profit if tho green fruit has
any value, and none at all at tho low
ost price, yet thoro is annually a very
large amount preserved by this modo
at tho producers' homes. Tho great
mistortuno of this method is that tho
very long time omploved in dry ing
gives time Tor effecting its quality by
souring and by dissipation of llavor
from its long exposure to tho air, mak
ing the cured fruit undcsirablo and 01
little value. Tho limited scalo on
which it cau bo carried on, oxcopt in a
rainless belt, makes it useless to think
of employing it in any oxtonsivo oper
ations. Hapid drying is bcttor.as it prevents
tho changes which oocur in slow dry
ing, and leaves tho cured fruit witli
very nearly its natural llavor. uotn
methods produeo equal weights from
0110 hundred pounds of greou apples,
and at the same cost whon both aro
prepared for markot, but tho fruit by
tho hot-air process brings from 5 to 7
cents a pound, or 2 cents a pound
more than tho lirst. With an average
time for drying of about eight hours,
tho business civil bo extended to any
desired limit. Tho third mode, or
drying by direct application of heat by
placing tho prepared fruit on wire
cloth between two radiating surfaces,
is tho most economical of fuel and tho
most rapid modo, and consequently
the host, because tliero is loss time for
changes to take placo whilo drying,
and tiio superior quality of tho finished
product makes it preferred in the
markot. The average timo employed
in desiccating is about six hours. Tho
rapid drying at low cost enables tho
oporator to utilize tho coros and skins
for jolly stock, and also tho small
and bruisod apples not suitablo for
paring, by slicing ami drying without
As coros and skins requiro no prep
aration, thoy can bo dried for from
to I of a cout a pound for tho dried
product, and sliced apples, or "chops"
as thoy aro often called, for i to of
a cent a pound, or for 1 cent a pound
if tho work is not pretty economically
dono. The formor now sell, paokod
in barrels, at $1 to $1 50 per hundred
woight,and tho latter from $2 to S'J.50.
Cores and skins constituto half of tho
irreon frnlt parod, and consequently
turn out about l'JJ pounds to tho 100
pounds ot green apples, and chops 25
pounds to tho 100. Tho waste seldom
brings much moro than It doos now,
but tho pared fruit is at its lowest obb.
The average prieo of well-cured fruit
is about $10 per 100. Tho cores and
skins and chops ofton pay tho whole
oxponso of preparing, drying, and
packing the pared fruit roady for mar
kot. Hapid drying is tho favorite way
of preserving second-class apples, as
it givos a fair and certain return, and
enables tho oporator to mako use of
tho entire crop. It ofton pays better
to dry tho perfect fruit than to market
Thoro aro sovoral othor ways of
working up this class of apples, as by
canning, making applo butter or apple
jolly. Only tho best can bo saved by
canning, as protty good fruit is re
quired fortius purpose. Tho whole
sale price of canned apples is not
large $2.25 to $2.75 per dozon gal
lons. Tho quantity worked into applo
buttor is limited, and the markot for
it easily overstocked, but tho manu
facture of tipple jelly is an immenso
business, and works up a vast quantity
of Inferior fruit. The price of apple
buttor Is $5 per 100, and of apple jelly
?10 por 100, giving not much marglu
beyond tho cost of labor in thoir pre
paration. Apples can also bo utilized
as food for stock as well as food foi
man. From serving as a condiment ai
well as a direct food thoy aro as valu
able as an equal weight of roots, and
olten moro9 so. Tho dried waste ol
evaporating-housos makes oxcellenl
food for different kinds of stock, es
peciallj' for milch cows. It increases
the How of milk, gives a fino flavor tc
milk and butter, and contibutos tc
healthfulness. It has a feeding valut
equal to 75 per cent of an equal weigh!
of corn meal.
In Italy thoro chanced to dwoll one
Maj. von Hruschka, a German, and
ono of nature's beo-kecpers. Ono day
Maj. von Hruschka was in his apiary,
and his son chanced to bo there, too.
The boy carrier! a tin pail, which had
a string tied to it. Tho major gave
tho boy a pieco of honey, putting il
into tho tin pail. Then tho youth,
boy-like, began to swing the pail with
tho honey in it round and round in a
circle, holding it by the string. A
moment after ho had ceased this
amusement tho major happonod to
look again at tho piece of honey.
Wlmt. wnu Ilia oiinitt.10,1 , " ttnA fli-lf tlin
11 11 .nu ? 11 1 1 v v liuvt ,i.. v.i
honey was all drained out neatly and
perfectly from that piece of tho comb
which had been on tho outside of the
circlo as tho boy swung tho pail
around by tho string. Tho major
thoughtfully turned tho comb over
and bade the boy swing again. This
timo tho other side of tho comb was
all drained out, and that night Maj.
von Hruschka wont to bed thinking.
Ho thought and thought and experi
mented till ho gavo beekeepers the
honey extractor, which whirls the
honey out of tho comb by centrifugal
force, leaving the comb to bo tilled
again by tho bees, and tho liquid hon
ey clean, pure and beautiful, to be
eaten by people.
Iu tho opinion of the most compe
tent electricians, a well-known me
chanical engineer and inventor (M.
Hazin)has at last succeded in render
ing practically useful for domestic
purposes lighting b- electricity, com
bined witli small motivo powor. An
interesting seance in connection with
his discovery look place recently at
his workshops near I'aris, M. do Les
seps being present with a groupo ol
scientific men and several professors
of tho Eeole Folytechnique. M. Hazin
was warmly congratulated by theso
gentlemen on his .system, the advan
tages of which ho explained and prac
tically demonstrated. The simplicity
and completeness of it places it within
tho reacli of all classes, and tno inven
tion, which is attracting great atten
tion from electricians of all countries,
will, it is believed, before long bo in
Shrewsbury, England, has adopted
a plan for tho utilization of sowage,
which is said to give perfect satisfac
tion. Clay, charcoal, and blood aro
thoroughly mixed witli tho sowage,
and a solution of sulphato of alumina
is then added, by which the dissolved
and suspended impurities are quickly
precipitated in settling tanks. The
sewage, as it enters tho works, contains
about 37 por cent, of suspended or
ganic and inorganic matter, but in the
effluent water there aro found only
tho merest traces of either. Hy ex
periment it lias boon found that in
this water fish will livo for months.
Tho deposit, by' means of pressure,
and artificial heat, is deprived of its
moisture, till it is reduced to tho con
sistency and appoaranco of dry earth,
and thus meets a ready sale as a fer
tilizer. In tho botanical gardens at Dijon,
Frunco, is a poplar treo of colossal
proportions. Tho height of this treo
is 130 feet. Its ciroiunferono near the
earth is 1G feet, anil, at 10 feet above
tho earth, 21 feet. Its bulk is now
1,590 cubic feol, but six years ago bo
foro tho fall of ono of tho largo branch
es, it was 1,910 cubic feot. From some
historic researches made by Dr. La
vello, and a comparison with trees of
tho same species in tho vicinity, it lias
been protty well ascertained that this
poplar is at least five hundred years
old. Unfortunately, it is now com
pletely hollow up to tho point whence
tho largo branches spring. All the
dead portions havo boon removed, and
the Interior lias been tilled iu witli
In connection with tho exhibition at
Huda-Pesth, Hungary, an agriculture'
congress will bo hold Oct. 3 and 1, to
which tho loading economists and ag
riculturists of Europo have been invi
ted. Tho subjects to bo discussed are
tho probable results of competition ol
countrios beyond tho sea, an agri
cultural credit from a small proprie
tor's point of view. With respect ta
tho competition referred to, the ques
tions to bo answered will be, whothei
it is likely to bo checked naturally, or,
in tho ovont of its continued increase,
what moasuros should bo taken to re
In somo districts of Franco, where
fodder is not general, straw, to say
nothing of hay, is imported. It if
chaffed, mixed'with green lueorn, 01
sainfoin, and stored in silos for feeding
cattlo anil sheep. Wheat and oatoii
straw are 'preferred porh?ps thoy cau
bo cut in a loss riponod condltion'than
barley. Indeed, barley straw is only
eonsidorod good for littor. Around
Paris, tho dairymen cut rye
whon coming into car, au'd mis
it with chaff, thoy salt rathoi
liberally, about one bushol to the
ton of stuff.
Tho folldwiug modo for protection
against forest llros is now generally
practiced in European forests, 'rlau
tatlons aro now made in 10, 20, 40, 01
100 acres, separated by spacos twe
I hundred or three hundred loot wide
' This modo is practiced especially iu
coniferous woods. Tho spaeos an
cloared out and kept bare. Thoy are
laid out so as to got tho sweep of pro
' vailing winds. Existing forests are
! prepared with this modo of con
trolling hres by cutting those
I spaces ut regular iuteirals through
The value of tho northern portlor
of Arkansas is beginning to bo appro
I olatod by grauo-ralsor. Thoro is prob-
1 ably not n bolter wlno-produolng re
1 glou on tho continent than that nor
I Uon of nonhorn Arkansas lying bo
twoon the W hlto river and Indlar
Torritory. Tho soil and climato aro
both admirably adapted to tho growth
of tho grape. Timber suitablo
for tho support of vines is plenty,
whilo cellers for storing wino aro easily
Much alarm has been occasioned by
the discovery of the phylloxera in Al
geria, previously quite freo from the
pest. Tho French minister of agri
culture lias adopted tho most strin
gent means of arresting tho attack.
Tho vinos have been pulled up and
burnt, with tho poles to whioh thoy
were tied, and insecticides havo been
freely used in tho vmeyard3. Tlomcon,
in the provinco of Oran, is tho placo
n which tho visitation has occurren.
A Now York man has boon experi
menting with underground irrigation,
ind ho ha3 had his system written up
undor the heading: "Tho Now Agri
2ulturc." Tho cost of preparing tho
land for receiving tho water from bo
low tho soil is $500 per acre. Tho
new system of agriculture will not bo
introduced by tho homesteaders of
Dakota this year, unless tho wheat
srop is very large, and tho grain brings
1 better price than it did lust season.
A dozen yearling colts were recent-'
ly sold to Henry Chaplin, in England,
lor au avcrago ot l.oau guineas cacti.
It is not an unusual thing for racing
Jtock to bring high prices in Great
Britain. In 1710 a welsh gontlcman
Dflered tho duke of Devonshire for his
horso Flying Childcrs his weight in
jrowns and half-crowns.
After ten unsuccessful attempts to
convoy Scotch salmon ova to Australia
ind Now Zealand, a new method lias
been tried which lias been entirely
successful. Upward of 200,000 ova
were captured last Decnmbcr from
the Tweed at Peebles, and moro than
half of thoso havo now been landed
alivo at Wellington.
Tho raisinmakers of California aro
anticipating a good year and handsomo
profits. Tho markets havo been cleared
of last year's stock, tho product is bet
tor appreciated in castorn markets,
and owing to tho prevalence of cholera
in the raisin districts of Spain tho im
ports aro likely to bo much loss than
Young bees do not gather houoy
from tho ilowers until thoy aro four
loon days old. Their dut'ios aro to
nurso tho larvte, clean tho cells, build
and care for quoon-colls, oto. Thoy
aro not idlers they aro workers, and
as soon as thoy bocomo of ripo ago,
they will take thoir places in tho fields.
Beekeepers on the prairio have at
.cngth found out that it is necessary to
havo wind-breaks for the purpose of
protecting their apiaries. The rocont
high winds havo blown over many
hivos that stood in exposed situations.
Pasteur's method of vaccination for
cattle-plague has proved completely
?uccessfiir in India for olophants.
horses, asses, cows, buffaloes, and
Thoy Swear by Murphy.
Mr. Thomas Allen Heed, who re
cently complained of tho rapid utter
ances of the Hev. Phillips Hrooks, of
Boston, is tho best phonograplior iu
lingland; but tho greatest shorthand
tvritor iu tho world is tho ofiioial steno
grapher of tho United Statos senate,
and his namo is Dennis F. Murphy.
A. dozon gentlemen liko Kov. Phillips
Brooks would not bother hint in tho
least. It is sometimes very amusing
to watch Mr. Murphy at work when a
jtorm is raging in tho sonato. Do
Joes not appear to bo looking at tho
paper boforo him at all. His oyes
tlash as thoy dart from ono spoakor to
another, while his peu seoms to rua
along on its own hook. Whon half a
dozen senators aro shouting at tho
president and at each othor and all is
confusion, Mr. Murphy soeins to snap,
at them furiously. In such a crisis ho
really looks liko a terrier in a pit kill
ing nits on time; and ho catohos thorn
alH not a single ono escapes. Tho fact
is ho enters into tho very spirit of a
dobato and is carried along with its
current. Whon it becomes boated and
fiery ho catches tho llamc, and his pon
runs liko a mad thing across tho paper.
When the excitement cools down ho
?ools down with it, and when tho do
bato is dull ho becomes a decidedly
lazy looking reportor. All tho old
timo senators, and tho new ones, too,
3wcar by Murphy. lor thirty years
ho lias boon employed in tho senate,
and tho amount of oratory that bo lias
captured and that lies bound in tho
congressional library, forms a heap of
reporting, probably 'livo times as groat
as that of any othor man in existence.
Tho house corps aro wonuenui louows.
no doubt, but nono of them is so well
acquainted with all tho different
brandies of reporting as tho sonato's
man Dennis. New York Suit.
Women on the Farm.
l'Kni.n orn nifinv wftvs in which ft
voung lady, living on a farm, anil,
is rnt nfi-;iid of work. o:in earn
1 T 11 W 111 " - -. -
money. Prominent among thorn 1
tho raising ot smau iruits, sirawuer-i-ina
rnsnborries. etc. Wo know of
ono caso where a young lady earned
thus tno necessary luuus aim oougub
a piano. Sho bocanio so interested in
the work that sho kept it up, although
hor piano lias long boon paid for. Wo
know a farmer's wife not far from this
placo who makes a businoss of raising
and preparing ready for use various .
kinds of pickles. Her reputation lias
spread through this section and hor
prepared goons nun reauy jm.in.ui
Hut it is likolv that tho small fruit
business is mos't proiitablo and would
bring abuut the desired result in less
timo thau any othor way. Indiana
The Chinese Lauguivge.
'bo said to bo ono in that thoy havo only
a single writton languago, anu yes
this Hssnokou is divided in many dia
lects. Their writton languago is
hieroglyphic, and phonetic. Ihero is
an arbritary sign tor every word, and
thoro aro many attompts at pioturing
words. There are over 10,000 signs.
It Is tho strain of mind requtred on tho
part of tho youth of China to learn a
working number of theso hieroglyph
ic? that dovolops, Hainbrldgo says
such precocious memories. Ho says
that ho lias soon Chineso children able
to repast tho wholo o( the New Testa
ment, nnd large parts of the Old Test-mcnt.