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About The Dalles times-mountaineer. (The Dalles, Or.) 1882-1904 | View This Issue
SATURDAY DECKMBKR 21, 1889
CRIME AS A PRINCIPLE.
Is the moral sense of the world wid
ening or changing in the sense that the
Ten Commandment a will in time cease
to be the general rule of human action?
asks the San Francisco Chronicle.
The socialists, or at least a part of
them, in Germany, Italy and Russia,
have practically held for a long time
the theory that, in spite of the scrip
tural prohibition, they have a right to
kill those who stand in the way of the
execution of their plans, to wit, their
rulers. A fragment of the Clan-na-
Gael soes even further than this, xwo
thousand rears ago one Brutus and
certain of his companions propounded
in the name of liberty a similar theory,
which they emphasized by an act of
violence, but at that epoch the Ten
Commandments had not been formu
lated except in Hebrew. The example
of Brutus found few imitators until
modern times, though the right to kill
' those whom thev (bought were acting
contrary to the interests of the church
was arrogated by the monk Jacques
Clement, who assassinated Henry III,
and Ravaillac, who stabbed Henry IV.
' In recent times we hare haJ as illus
trations of the tendency the attempts
on the lives of Napoleon I and Louis
Napoleon, similar efforts to kill the
Emperor of Germany, and the assassi
nation of the Czar of Russia.
These crimes have a certain eleva
tion of sentiment that is not an excuse,
but may be regarded as a slight miti
gation of their atrocity. The horror
that they inspire raises them above the
sphere of mere vulgarity. The disre
gard of two other commandments of
the Decalogue "Thou shalt not com
mit adultery" and "Thou shalt not
steal," lacks this redeeming feature,
Taey are vulgar, and nothing else,
The nihilists consider that the purity
and nobility of their cause render the
institution of marriage superfluous.
Among the socialists of Franca and
Germany very vague ideas prevail re
garding tho rights of property. The
anarchists go a step further and excuse
theft when committed under the stress
of necessity or in the interest of the
cause. There is, especially in France,
an increasing number who have given
up all honest occupation and follow
theft and burglary as a means of sub
sistence and of propaganda. They
claim that they have a perfect right to
despoil the Bourgeoises. When arrest
ed and brought into court they claim
that they are not vulgar thieves, since
they have taken in accordance with
thair established principles.
About a year ago one Duval was
' arrested at Paris for having entered
the house of a wealthy lady, stole
what he could carry away or at
tempted to destroy the rest of the
movable property. The pictures and
other works of art so excited bis aver
sion that he piled them up in the mid
die of one of the rooms and et them
on fire. The flames were fortunately
obeerved and extinguished before they
bad extended to the adjoining apart
ments. When brought up for trial
Duval defended himself on the ground
that he was a socialist, and theft and
arson were natters of principle with
' him when directed against the wealthy
. '. classes. This did not prevent his being
condemned to death, arson being re
garded in France as a crime nearly
equal to murder. " The offense was ag
gravated by the fact that the accused
had nearly killed the policeman who
A case even more singular has
lately come before the Paris courts.
An anarchist named Pini Lad, in con
nection with a band, of which he was
leader, made a business of robbing the
-villas in the suburbs when the owners
were at the watering places. At Lis
trial, Pini, who is a man of some intel
ligence, confessed to an aggregate of
thefts amounting to 400,000 francs
which he had used to assist other
socialists, and to advance the cause.
He had also, with the money or prop
erty stolen, furnished several apart
ments, one of which, very richly ap
pointed, was at the residence of Bishop
GaspardL When accused by the pre
tiding judge of being a mere vulgar
thief be replied:
"No, I am not a thief. I am merely
consistent with my principles. I
7 shall remain an anarchist, though you
sentence me to the guillotine. I was
' formerly a workingman, and have be
come what you call a thief on account
of the wrongs I have suffered. It is
social injustice that has forced me into
When asked if he confessed the
thefts he answered:
" "Perfectly: and I ought to be re-
' warded, for they were committed to
be useful, not to me personally, but to
those who share my opinions. Be
sides my thefts are in reality merely a
legal expropriation. If my use of
legal terms does not please you I will
call my alleged crimes legitimate ex
propriations." There was much more of the same
kind of logic on the part of Pini and
his associates, and applause promptly
suppressed, from anarchists in the aud
ience. The court was so little in
fluenced by the reasoning that the
leader of tha band was sentenced to
ten years of imprisonment at hard la
bor and bis followers to confinement
for shorter terms. The incident has
its importance iu showing state of
mind that exists among the laboring
classes in all countries. The logic of
Duval and Pini is that of the anarch
ists of Chicago, as well as those of
Russia, Spain, Italy, France, Austria
and Germany. There are eaid to be a
million socialists in Germany, a large
part of whom sympathize with these
Tiesra, and if they were in the United
States would be associates or followers
' of Herr Most.
, Ii is not necessary to suppose that
ithe social fabric is actually ia danger
the moral sense. It is an unpleasant
sympton, and, it is to be hoped, little
more. The avarage standard of human
rectitude is likely to remain the same
for some ages to come. In the long
run these evils correct themselves;
sometimes bv turning backward the
wheels of progress and favoring abso
lutism as in Russia and Germany. It
is the extreme opinions of the German
socialists that, help to stay the hands
of the march, and those of the nihilists
that render difficult all advancement
in the direction of liberalism in Rus
sia. It is the errors and crimes com
mitted in the name of liberty and
progress that strengthen kings and em
perors and prevent that amelioration
of the condition of the lower classes
which would otherwioe come inevita-
blv with the natural evolution of
The trial of the murderers of Dr.
Ci'onin has ended, with a verdict of
guilty as charged against Coughlin,
0"Su!livan and Burko, and a sentence
of iniDrisonruent for life. Kunze was
found guilty of manslaughter and sen'
tonced to a short time, and Beggs was
acquitted. There bus not been a trial
for a long time that has awakened
such national interest as this one, and
the evidence has been carefully read
hv Lbe American rjublic There can
lie no doubt that Dr. Cronin was bru
ial!v murdered for his exposures of
the Triangle of the Clan-na Gael, and
that members of that organization
committed the crime. Bat while be
lieving that the three defendants were
guilty, we have not considered the evi
dence sufficiently convincing for a ver
dict for the state, and are therefore
surorised at the result. The effect of
the trial will be detrimental to the
C'.an-ua Gael, and that society will be
classed with many other obnoxicus or.
ionizations which should not be toler
ated among a law-abiding people.
Irish nationalism or home-rule wiil not
suffer thereby, for, after reading the
testimony, Dr. Cronia will be consid
ered more patriotic than those who
conspired against his life. Chicago, as
the enibodimeiit of western enterprise,
is the lurking place of many revolu
tionary organizations, and for the fair
name of the city it is advisable that
these pernicious growths should be
weeded out. The better element of
the municipality is doing this, and
there is as much protection to life in
this great bustling bee-hive of com
mercial ad manufacturing industry as
in other cities of much less enterprise
The interests of The Dalles and vi
cinity center in an open liver, and
our people greatly, desire that the
present session of congress should
grant liberal appropriations for the
completion of the works already
commenced, and for inaugurating the
boat-railway between this city and
Celilo. Senators Dolph and Mitchell
and Representative Herman have al
ways evinced the greatest concerns in
the welfare of their constituency east
of the Cascades. They have intro
duced very many measures for the
benefit of our .people, and have ear
nestly supported them in congress.
They will undoubtedly do their full
duty in all respects; but The Dalles
and other cities have to do something
as well. Every board of trade, town
council or county committee should be
actively at work now gathering data
regarding the exports and imports of
the country tributary to the Columbia
river, and by these means our repre
sentatives can do more effectual work.
This matter admits of no delay, and
meetings of boards of trade interested
in the improvement of the navigation
of the Columbia should be called at
once and action taken.
The Pennsylvania editor is not to
be freightened by trifles. The editor
of the Mifflin Center (Pa.) Blade used
the law as a persuader to bring one. of
his subscribers to time. The subscri
ber paid up with wood, but plugged
an ounce of powder in each stick
The first experiment with this wood
blew out one end of the stove and the
second finished it. But the editor
bought a new steam boiler and fire
box of a portable engine and set it up
in his house to,use that wood. He is
now getting along very happily, but
the ashes and flames which shoot up
out of the chimney remind the neigh-
t ors of volcanoes, and the old soldiers
of the neighborhoed say it is like the
second day's fight at Gettysburgb, but
the editor proposes to burn the wood.
At the banquet of the Boston Mer?
chant's Association, it was rather
strange, at least, to read in the
dispatches that in company with
ex-President Cleveland and Mr.
H. W. Grady of the Atlanta
Covilituiion, Mr, Andrew Carnegie,
the great iron manufacturer of Penn
sylvania, responded to fieertradV
toasts. Banquets may bring together
incongruous companions, and when
wine flows freely usually good fellow
ship prevails and bitter feelings are
buried. But, when the campaign
opens in 1892, Mr. Carnegie will re
ceive his usual toasting by the Demo
Senator Manderson has begun the
work in congress in favor of Chicago
for the world's fair, by presenting a
petition from the Btate Board of Ag
riculture of Nebraska to that effect,
the wont is almost unanimous in favor
of the Queen City of the Lakes, and
Hew York must infuse some stimulant
in her dormant Knickerbocker, blood,
if she keeps pace with Chicago in the
The Northwest Association, coma
posed of coogMsimea interested in the
development of this portion of the
coanlry,will accomplish a great deal of
Sood if they can have concerted action.
This region is directly interested in
the River and Harbor bill, and it is
expected the Northwestern Associa-
... . . -. ,
west is united in its efforts.
There are bills before congress
which, if passed, mean a large increase
of wealth to this city, and an era of
business prosperity. Our senators
and representative are doing every
thing possible to secure the passage of
these measures, and d-sire facts and
figures from The Dalles so as to
present them fairly before con
gresi. Is the board of trade of this
city so dead that seven members can
not be induced to meet and pass reso
lutions and furnish daa of our ex
ports and imports? If so, let the men
inteiested in the welfare of The Dalles
organize-a Chamber of Commerce and
do something. This fatal lethargy
which henumbs the energies of our
capitalists has in the last few years
caused the loss of "hundreds of thou
sands of .. dollars to the community,
and in the future will divert the chan
nels of trade now centering at this
point to other towns of not one-half
the population or natural resources.
If we desire to tke out an existence,
satisfied with the mouey we have al
ready accumulated out of this rich
country, we should make no effort but
sleep on undisturbed.
To solve the Indian problem upon a
different basis than heretofore at
tempted, Alaska afford en excellent
opportunity. There are about thirty
thousand aboriginees in that territory,
and they are as low in the scale of
civilization as can be found anywhere
on the globe. The policy pursued
towards these wards of the nation has
been by placing them on reservations
and maintaining the tribal relation,
and this has been very unsuccessful.
If our government were to adopt the
plan of invid-jalizing each Indian, and
teaching him his responsibility for any
breach of the law we firmly believe
there would be less complaint of their
viciousness. The Hudson Bay com
pany had little trouble with the
tribes in the northwest, and it always
Ureated them justly and punished
them severly. But prolifigate white
men must be curbed of following th
perincious practice of cheating and
mistreating the Inians p,n every occa
sion and instructing them in the rices
of the Anglo-Saxon race; and this
should be preliminary to the adoption
of any plan.
Stanley is following in the steps of
Livingstoue, and is giving his whole
time to Africa. At Zanzibar he
urged the importance of connecting
Mombasa, on the coast, with Victoria
Nyanza, by rail, and thinks it would
ooen ud a vast region of country to
European commerce. Mr, Stanley
may spend a short lime in Europe,
after he returns from Zanzibar; but
his heart will be in the wilds of Af
rica, and it may expected that event
ually he will pass the dark rivtr, like
Livingstoce, in the wilds of the dark
continent. The lamented explorer
took the bible with him in all bis
journeys, ami, aitnougn nis enoris
were almost wasted on the tribes of
benishted Africa, bis motives were
purely benevolent. Mr. Stanley, from
the time he discovered Livingstone,
has been attracted in the line of ad
venture, and we expect to hear of him
soon heading some new expediton into
the' dark continent,
There is something practical in the
suggestion of the president that rep
ords be kept showing the efficiency of
civil service employes which might be
made the basis of promotion. If such
rales were adopted a much needed re
form in the civil service would be in
augurated, and the people directly in
terested would Know their most capa
ble servants. By such means this
branch of government would secure
the most competent men, and public
interests would be subserved instead
of political ones. It is moat difficult
almost impossible, to have tho eivi'
appointees not partisanf ivorites; bu
they can be competent and honest.
The citizens of Astoria are enhanc
ing the value of real estate and the
growth of the city by the expenditure
of money and judicious advertising.
The Dalles can do the same by adopt
ing similar plans, Jf our business men
would turn their attention to their
own interests, and not be too wary
about the expenditure of their money
in less than two years we would have
double our population and property
wovld greatly enhance in value. As
a matter of business of dollars and
cents this subject ia worty serious
The legislature of Washington has
decided not to accept the proposition
of Hon. W. Lair Hill to codify the
laws and annotate the same. The ob
jection seems to be the price, and the
fact that the printing would be .done
by Bancroft & Qo. in San Francisco
and uj.r, Uiu would retain the copy?
right, Washington cannot procure
more able compiler of i(s laws tbap
Mr. Hill; and his proposition was very
fair and reasonable. If he had
drafted a code for the new state it
would have Ixen well done, and com
manded the respect of the legal fra
ternity in all courts, 1
It is believed the Pan-Americans
will visit the Pacific coast and proba-
bly Oregon. The different cities
through which the-e gentlemen pass
should show them every possible cour
tesy, as they are representatives of
governments with whom it is advisable
to maintain the most amicable rela
tions. Oregon could find an exten
sive tphtkot for her surplus products
in the South American republics, and
the interchange of commodities wgmIJ
be mutually ienefical. The north
west need not ba ashamed of showing
her varied resources to tfiese dis-:
tinguisbrd guest !
tion will stand as a soiia pnaianx m
favor of liberal appropriations. The
east cennot control legislation if the
While we do not believe in protect
ing any industry which cannot be suc
cessfully followed in this country, and
which, as a result, would be a direct
tax on the consumer, we do believe
that, if the government would offer
pecuniary inducements for the cultiva
tion of some ar'. teles, they could be
grown to an advantage in the United
States. For instance, the product of
sup-ir.in this country has not been
sufficient to supply the demand, and
the protective duty in the Mills bill of
last session would add to the price of
the article; but, if the government
would offer a premium to our citizens
for the cultivation of beets, sugar
could be manufactured from these in
sufficient quantity to supply the local
demand. Germany has tried the ex
periment, and been so far successful
as to supply her citizens with the
commodity and havo a surplus as
a source of revenue. With the differ
ent climates and varieties of soil
there can be no doubt this country
could engage profitably in this indus
try. As it will require a considerable
outlay of capital for our farmers to
engage iu beet culture and procure the
requisite machinery for the manufac
ture of sugar, it is not unnecessary ex
travagance for the government, by
judicius appropriations, to rei-nburse
them. This would not be in the na
ture of the paternalism of govern
ment, so obnoxious to a free people
but true economy for the dent tit of all
The three states of the Union which
have adopted prohibition as a remedy
for the vice of drunkenness Maine,
Kansas and Iowa have, in eflect,
come to the conclusion that the so
called remedy is a failbre. Neal Dow
recently stated that in Portland grog
shops "keep on pretty much as they
did twenty vears ago." In Kansas
Judge Foster says: "Saloons are con
ducted without disguise and criminal
courts and jails are full of business.1
The Iowa Slate Register reports that
'prohibition has proved a failure in
the dozen or more counties which con
tain the chief cities and where temper
ance is most needed."
Truth, under the editorship of M.
Labouchere. is scoring the British
aristocracy for their beastial crimes,
Some of these petted scions of nobility
are feasting . in the most brutal man
ner, upon lust in its abhorent features,
which could only be excused or even
tolerated in an Asiatic potentate, who
lives in the shadow of the harem,
There can be no doubt that the tyranni
cal Normans,who inaugurated theworst
despotism in Great Britain, have left
as a legacy to their aristocratic de
scendants the germs of vices which
will cause their Anglo Saxon neighbors
to blush with shame. -
The recommendation of Hon. F. P.
Mays for the position of U. S. district
attorney will be a source of gratifica
tion to his many friends in The Dalles.
He is a prominent attorney of this
city, and is well qualified for the po
sition. Mr. Mays has been a resident
of this vicinity from early boyhood
and is well known to many ot our
citizens, who will congratulate him on
his good fortune. This is a worthy
recognition of The Dalles in preBiden
tial appointments, and for which the
Republican party of this county
which is perfectly satisfied of the
efficiency and capability of Mr. Mays
will show its appreciation.
The Democrats have inaugurated a
policy of obstruction in the house,
and seem to be determined to
blockade all legislation. The com
mittees will not be appointed till until
after the holidays, and until these
can map out a plan of operations for
the present congress very little woi k
will be dope, There are several im
portant measures which should be
passed this winter, and we hope the
Democracy will consider the interest s
of the country of more importance
than their rule or ruin policy.
The recent fatal wounding of two
persons on .Lopez Island, who, in a
rude and barbarous manner howled
around the domicile of s newly mar
ried couple, may teach others a prac
tical lesson, ibis uncouth and un
seemly custom of annoying the bride
and groom by rapping tin cans, loud
shouting and all kinds of discordant
sounds may cease after a few of these
disturbers of the peace have been
severely punished. In many cases it
takes drastic doses of bitter medicine
to cure chronic diseases.
We cannot say "this is the winter
of our discontent," for every snow-
flake is treasured a3 a winged har
binger of good crops next year. The
amount of moisture which has fallen
already this winter, with the usual
spring rains, will insure a bountiful
harvest next season, and this means
business prosperity to all concerned.
Jdalio, Wyoming and the othejp ter
ritories wil soon be knocking -for ad.
mission into tLe union. There can be
no objections against admitting all
these infants into Uncle Sam's family
as soon as they can walfc alone, and
take care of themselve. In the first
days of the republic there were only
thirteen members, now there ere forty-
tw o and more to follow. .
Prince Murat will get his American
wife and Miss Caldwell will get her
foreign husband. It is stranqe how
our republican girls hunger for Eu
ropean titles, and are willing to barter
away almost everything to procure
one. Nearly every year some wealthy
American buys a German count,
and almost without exoeption fiud they
have paid a high price for a worthless
The towns on the Willamette are
becoming wild on railroads, and each
little hamlet is making an effort to have
direct communication with the sea.
The belief seems to be prevalent that
this alone will secure them metropoli
tan honors, and in a few years they all
expect to be leading cities in V estern
Oregon. These air-castles of com
mercial supremacy are easily con
structed, and as easily leveled to the
The Democrats are attempting to
control the Montana state senate by
every possible means. Tammany may
be shorn of its power.but its spirit still
lives in every Democratic clique ia the
The Oregon offices have nearly all
been filled, and the anxious seat will
now be vacated. The appointees are
all capable and worthy citizens, and
the Republican party may well feel
proud of them.
The appointment of Judge Brewer
of Kansas, to be Associate Justice of
the supreme court, has been confirmed
in the senate after a stubborn fight
He is a man of excellent character,
but his decisions have not suited all
members of his party.
Speaker Reed has very wisely given
.the west three of the most important
committees of the House Appropria
tions, Ways and Means, and Elections.
The people of this portion of Oregon
desired very much to see Mr. Her
man on the committee on Rivers and
The Roscburg Review is trying to
boom Pennoyer for re-election. He is
a very fair Democrat, but will never
be returned to the gubernatorial po
sition. The Republicans will carry
the state next June horse, foot and
dragoons and the opposition will
lead a very forlorn hope.
There is a flood of bills already in
congress, but it is a difficult problem
to decide how many of these will pass
and become laws. Our congressmen
are earnestly at work, and they are
not to blame if, with all the legisla
tion asked for, some bills fail to re
ceive the necessary vote.
Senator Mitchell is one of the most
indefatigable workers in congress. He
has already introduced two Chinese
exclusion bills, and has never been
unmindful of the interests of his con
stituents. Eastern Oregon can always
feel certain that any measure for the
best interests of this portion of the
state will receive bis hearty co-opera
Our esteemed cotemporary the E!
lensburgh Stale Register says that the
bi-metaliists of this country should not
be discouraged because of "English
monumentalists." We do not know
what monuments have to do with cur
rency, at any rate. Perhaps, Bro,
Sterling could inform u, and if these
are opposed to our circulating medium
we shall advocate leveling all "monu
ments" to the level of the ground.
A telegram to Senatorjilitchell in
Washington announces the fact that
the state senate of Montana has or
ganized and that two Republican sen
ators would be elected. This ends the
political quarrel in Montana, and in
creases the Republican majority in the
U. S, senate. It is a matter of con
gratulation that with all the attempts
at frauds the Democrats did not ac
complish their purpose in this new
Tho Democratic press are trying to
nominate Hon. D. P. Thompson, of
Portlund, for governor on the Repub
lican ticket. It would be in excellent
taste if Democrats would allow Re
publicans to make their own nomina
tions, for it would suit tljeir political
preferences better, We do not know,
at present, any claim that Mr. Thomp.
son has upon the Republican party,
and we believe the candidate for this
position will come from Eastern Ore
gon perhaps from The Dalles or
Washington, Dec. 17. President Har
rison to day transmitted to the senate
the extradition treaty with Eogland, re
ferred to in his message, negotiated by
Secretary Blaine adcI Sir Julian Pauoce
fote, Bntibh minister. By its terms the
number ot extraditable offenses is largely
increased, the most. important addition
beior that of embezzlement, so that if
the treaty is ratified Canada and the
JJoited States will cease to exchange a
class of undesirable residents who have
hitherto secured immunity trom puuisb
ment. The president has transmitted the fol
lowing nominations to the senate: An
drew M. Crawford, receiver of public
pioneys at Roseburg, Or.; Frank M.
Foote, receiver of public moneys "at
Evanstoc, Wyoming: Fremont Wood.
TJnited tates attorney for Idaho; Wil
loughby Cole, of California, UDited States
attorney for the southern district of Cali
fornia; Ueorge E. Jard, of California.
United States marshal lor the southern
district of California.
The executive session of the senate this
afternoon lasted more than two hours.
The principal topic ot discussion was the
uominatioo of Judge Brewer to be associ
ate justice of the supreme court. This
was called bv Senator logalls upon the
iivorauie report or trie committee on iu
diciary. A'thouh there was no minority
repor', confirmation of the nomination
was opposed bv seua'ors'o? both parties
it is said, who bnsed their objections on
two grounds: First, Irs decisions in the
prohibition rases in Kansas, which were
al-e-warda reversed by the supreme
ci -art: second, the statement of facts
in Jadge Grec ham's review of the ap
pointment or a receiver ot the Wabash
system of railroads by Judge Brewer,
whose order in the case Judso Oresham
vacated so far as it affected the roads
within the limits of bis circuit..
St-Bator Mitchell to-day introduced a
bill to facilitate the allotment of lands on
the Umatilla reservation, and to provide
for the sale of the balance of the lands
which were ceded to tho government bv
Senator Mitchell brought in several
memorials from the Orgon legislature
to-day. lie rend their titles himself and
urged the especial attention of the cum
mittees to each. One abked for the coo
deinnstion ol a strip of land in Washing
ton along the Columbia river for a rail
road to make a connection from a point
above Celilo to a point below The Dalles,
on the UMumuia river. Another asked
for a change in the schedule of fees for
surveyors, to make the maximum $24
a mile lor standard parallel, $30 for
townships and $10 for sections lines.
Auother important memorial asked that
the law restricting the ownership of lan is
to American cor potations be modified to
allow men or corporations, irrespective
of nation, to own mining property, and
another asked for the purchase and main
tenance of a canal and locks at Oregon
Senator Mitchell to-day presented a
memorial from the Washington legisla
ture asking for legislation declaring the
forfeiture of the Northern Pacific land
trrant oetween Vallula,Vash., and Port
land. Or. The memorial sets forth that
no line has been built between these
points.but the right of way isoccopied by
another road, and there is valuable land
there which ought to be open to settle
ment. OREGON POSTAL MATTERS.
Washington, Dec. 17. Representative
TJermanu to-day made application to the
department for clerical allowance to vari
ous fourth class postofficcs in Oregon,
among them being Heppner, in Morrow
county; Hillsboro.in Washington county;
Grant, in Sherman county, and Cottage
Grove in Lane county.
Mr. Hermann a'ao submitted to the
postmaster general a lengthy petition of
various citizens of Lane county, asking
for small services from Florence to Bay's
landing, on the north fork of the Siuslaw
river, with James Bay as postmaster.
SETTLED OUTSIDE OF COURT.
Washington, Dec. 10. The hearing of
two complaints against the jNorthern l a.
cific Railroad Company, one by the Mer
chants union, ot bpokane Falls, end the
other by the Oregon Short Line Railway
Company, which was set for to-day be
fore the interstate commerce commission
was indefinitely postponed by mutual
agreement of the parties interested.
Washington, Uec. 18. 1 licrc was a
Hood of bill- introduced in the house to
day, some of them of great importance.
Mr. Hermann submitted, among a large
number of others, the following of es
pecial interest to Oregon . Providing for
the forfeiture of the Northern Pacific
railway lands between Wallula and Port
land, Oregon, and providing that lands
on which improvements are made with a
bona tide intention of purchasing the fame
lrom tne .Northern 1'aciho Railroad Com
pany may be entered by the persons in
terested, in quantities not exceeding 320
acres, at $1 25 per acre. It also urovides
that the price of existing new numbcied
sections shall be reduced to $1.25 per
acre, and made subject to tho existing
laws as to settlement ot the l uSUc do
To pension the survivors of the Ore
gon Indian wars of 1848-40, known as
ihe Uayuse war, and the war of 18D5 -56.
The Associatim of Indian War Veterans
have petitioned congress for this legisla
Making a direct appropriation for pay
ment of the balance unpaid on Oregon
anu YVHsningion territory Indian war
claims for supprts-iou of Inditn hostili
ties in 1853 50, as found due by the com
mission appointed by the secretary of
Also his bill for adjudication and pay
ment of claims arising from Indian dep
redations. It is carefully drawn and has
incorporated in its various excellent pro
visions contained in amendments pro
posed in tne session in the senate and
house. A temporary court is cieated, to
consist of three judges, and to continue
for rive years. It is to be known as the
court of Indian depredation, with author
ity "finally to adjudicate all claims for
property of citizens of the United States
taken or destroyed by Indians without
just cause or provocation on the purl of
the owner or agent in charge, and not
returned or paid for." The statue of
limitations Bliall not affect any claims
presented. The court may hold a cession
at or near the site of the depredations:
All papers, reports, evidence, records and
proceeding on file in any department of
the government relating to any claims
before the court shall be delivered to the
court. Claimants may appear in person
on their own petition and without attor
ney. The attorney-general may appoint
special agents upon the requirement of
the court to prosecute invesligatiocs, in
order to expedite the transactions of the
court. Immediately after the beginning
ot each session of congress the clerk of
the court shall transmit to the secretary
of the treasury a list ol all judgments of
said court against the United States,
which shall be transmitted to corgrcss
for approval, and the piyment for which
shall be secured through the general In
dian appropriation bill.
A bill providing repayment of $1.25
per acre to all settlers within the limits
ot any land grant which has been or may
be declared forfeited, and who may have
purchased lands in the even numbered
sections at the double minimum price oi
$z.iu per acre.
CROSBY MURDER SUSPECTS IDENTIFED
Tacoma, Pec. 18. One Johnson, a res
ident scvtral miles south of this city
claims to identify Hoyt, Murrey, and
btowe. connned in the county jail on sus
picion of knowing the guilty parties in
the Crosby murder, as three men who on
the night of the tragedy stopped and
rotoea mm on his way borne and the
compe'ieq mm to iprtpsh tuem supper,
He overheard some remarks which mill
cated that they might be answervble for
Crosby 8 dead.
BRUTAL ACT Olf A POLICEMAN.
Tacoma, Dec. 18. What appeared to
have been ao atrocious attempt at mur
der was committed by a policemen at 6
o'clock this evening. The victim is Chief
Jack, a well known Indian of the reser
vation, who, with his wife, came to the
city this afternoon totiade. The version
given by the wounded man, who is shot
in the thigh, shattering tne bono, is tha
his wife was on A street about dark, when
the policeman, who he describes as a
large person with a black mustache, at
tempted improper intimacies, and when
sue resisted used lorce.
Her cries for help brought him to the
scene, with several other Indians, when
the policeman, whose star was plainly
visible, ran, at the same time firing his
Chief Jack lies in the city jail in a
precarious condition. ,
CHARIVARI SERENADERS SHOT.
Port Townend, Dec. 18. Martin
Phillipo. a resident of Lopez inland, and
Miss Susan Acton, of Port Townsend,
wcie married at this place on December
10. They spent a few days here and
then proceeded to their future horrjc on
Lopez island. Tuesday evening about 0
r. si. a crowd ot men and boys surround
ed the house and commenced harrassing
the occupants with a chaiivuri. This
action so enraged Phillipo that, seizing
a double barreled shotgun, he fired into
the crowd, teriously and fatally wound
ing two yr-ung men. A messenger was
sent to this city for a physician, and
Phillipo was placed under arrest by the
sheriff ot San Juan count v. There is
much excitement over the affair.
vows vengence on powpERLy.
Pittsburg. 10. A dispatch from Scott-
dale says: Edward Uallaghan has iu
sisted on the conspiracy case against
Powdcrly being pressed, and a warrant
has been issued for the labor leader's
Albany, Dccemlx r 19. Frank Mc-
Kinnelv, a telnsrrapti lineman at work
on the front of the Oregon Pacific rail
road, met with a narrow escape from
instant death this morning. An old
building in which he was standing fell in.
McKianely was crushed utnder the roof,
but a bale of hay protected him from
being killed. He was brought to this
city and will recover.
A CORPSE UNDER THE BRIDGE.
Salem, Dec.20. This evening a boy
playing undecthe big bridge saw a
mysterious package. He told Robert
Kregs, an old man, and they examined
it. 1 he package proved to be a sack
sewed up, containing the hodv of a
G-months' baby. The coroner's jury re
turned a verdict that the child came to
bis death by prematue delivery and
criminal neglect at the time ot delivery.
and iouud that crime bad been commit
ted. Beyond this nothing is known,
suspicion resting on no one particularly.
and the author ot the crime win proba
bly never be Known.
Is Con an option Incurable f
Read tbe following: Mr. C. H. Morris, Newark,
Ark., lay: "Wa down with abaoea of tha lung,
and friends and physicians pronounced me an tncu-
able consumptive. Began taking; Dr. Kind's New
Discovery lor consumption, am now on my inira
bottle, and am able to oversee the work on my farm.
It is the finest medicine ever made.'1
Jesse Middleware Decatur, Obio, says: "Had it
not been for Or. Kintr's New Discovery for consump
tion I would have died of lung troubles. Was giveu
un bv doctors. Am now in best of health." Try it.
sample bottles fra a at Snipes Kiaeraly's drugstore
Children Cry for Pitcher's Castorlq;
To-day's Oregonian ContalO , r,.t
low tag recommendations by tne Oregon
delegation iu Washington, Clty for bis
U S THftrshul, Hon. L T Barin. of Ore
gon Cit V.
Collec tof Of Custom', at Portland. Or..
Hon. RlEarhart. .
Collector of Inty
Milton WeidJer, of Portland.
burveyor-tjteuw.i Hon. W n Bvars.
U S districts attorney. Hon. F P Mars.
of The Dalleaj.
at Portland, Hon. Geo. A
of land office at Roseburir.
Hon. Andrew M Crawford, of Marshfield,
Coos CO dot v.
Post master at Baker City, George n
Supervisor of census eastern district of
Oregon, Or. J Yf Strange, of LaGrande.
Western district, Hon. John II Shupe,
Commission to appraise lands of Uma
tilla Indian reservation, J M Summer
villo, J BEddy, and JB Busbee,all of
Pendleton, Umatilla county.
Farmer at Indian school at Chemawa,
Hon. C A Reed of Portland.
Commissioner to represent Oregon in
World's Quidro-Centtnnial exposition in
18'.)2, Geu. Wm. Kapus, of Portland.
Collecior of customs at Yaquina, Hon.
li A Bcnsel, of Newpoi t.
Register of land office at LaGrande,
Lou Cicuver, of Baker City.
Register of land office at Lakcview, A
It Snyder of Lake county
Collector of customs at Astoria, E A
Taylor; deputy collectors J W Welch and
Henry Uahu, and for inspector Frank H
Postmaster t Astoria, Hon. J II D
Gray, of Astoria.
Cuief clerk railway mail service nt
Portland, W W Wetzier.
Postmaster at Ashland, A P Hammond.
The following important offices in Ore
gon and of it, have heretofore been filled
as follows, on recommendation of the
United States Indian agents Umatilla,
Lee Moorehouse, of Umatilla county;
Warm Springs, J C Luckey, of Crook
county; Grand Roude, T N Faulconer,
of Yamhill couuly; Siletz, T Jay Buford,
of BcntOD county; Klamath, General
Elisha L Applegate, of Jackson county.
Register of the United States land office,
at Oregon City, Hon. J T Apperson.
Register of the land office at Lakeview.
Hon. Judge Truitt, of Pulk county
Reciever of the laud office at La Grande,
A C McClelland, of Union county.
Superintendent of the Indian school at
Chemawa, Kuv. G M Irwin of Uniou
county, an ex-Union soldier. Register
of the United States land office at Burns,
J B Huntington, of Baker county. Re
ceiver, Captain Harrison Kelly, an ex
Union soldier, of Jacksonville. Post
master at Salem, Hon. A N Gilbert, an
ex-Union soldier, of Salem. Collector of
customs at Sitka, Alaska, Maior Ma
Pracht. an ex'Uuion soldier, of Athland
United States marsnal for the district of
Alaska, Orville T Porter of Albany
united Plates commissioner lor Ouna
laska, Louis Atkinson of Salem. O
Deputy collector of customs of Alaska
Dick Eirmons, of Portland. Minister to
Turkey, Hon. Solomon Hir&ch, of Port
land, lion. J L ICoe, of Union Co
special swamp land agent. G C Litch
held, ot Salem, special Indian agent.
Lorenzo Dow Montgomery, of Douglas
county, special Indian agent, J D For
dyce, of Portland, special swamp land
Carpet Wool DeclHlve Testimony,
. New York Daily Tribune
Evidence on one disputed point is ac
cumulating rapidity, and, as usual, th
lacts wnen ascertained go against th
free trader. For jeara it has been af
firmed, and as positively denied, that
large part of the wool l moor ted as car
pet wool was in tact used in the manu
facture ot. cloth. Frce.trades advocates
imve denied it, in order to be able to sav
that the duties on carpet wool were no
use whatever, benefitted no American
wool grower?, and eould be repealed
without hurting any. The Tribune has
often submitted evidence to show that
wool thus imported was u-ed in cloth
manufacture, but has been met with ia
solcnt denials in the "You-don't -know
anything" tone, and once or twice with
an array of figures purpurttng to prove
irrefragably that no imported carpet wool
could DC so LSed.
Two witnesses have just testified from
opposite sides ot the tariff question
Messrs. Justice. Bateman & Co.. wool
merchants, of Philadelphia, support the
piotective tanp;, while Robert Bleakie &
Co,, manufactures, at Hyde Park. Mass.
openlv declare their desire that clothing
as wen as carpet wool should be mad
free. After arguing and occasionally
threatening for some months iu favor of
free wool, "Tlte American Wool Reporter"
of September 20 publically asked Mr.
Robert Bleakie, as a manufacturer es
pccially competent and trustworthy, to
testify "whether any wools imported aa
third-class or carpet wool are used to
displace first or second class wool in the
"mantuactore ot cloth lor clothing pur
poses." His reply may have been a sur
prise, ior ue says :
In reply, I will stale that I am satisfied
that many millions of pounds of third
class or carpet wools are used in making
cloth tor clothing purposes. Three yeai
ago, the firm of Robert Bleakie & Co , of
which I am a member, placed upon the
market a line ot Scotch cheviot good:
made from domestic clothing wool. We
were surprised to fjnd goods similar to
ours ''tiered and sold by Philadelphia
manufactures at prices less than the cost
of our goods at the mill. Upon niveau
gation, we discovered that the Philadel
phia goods were made from the fine edge
ot carpet wool, that U to say, the finer
sorts bad been taken from the carpet
wool, 8U0 tne beautiful cueviot goods,
for making which Scotland is famous, had
been degraded by the substitution of
cheaper wool to roach a pi ice satisfac
tory to the buyer of cloth. We were
obliged simply to withdraw the goods
which we had made from out domestic
wool, and follow the example of our more
enterprising competitors, some ot whom
I know to day are making a business ot
producing clothing goods, using nothiug
but carpet wool. Our firm has used of
these carpet wools, during our last run on
chevijts, about 150,000 pounds, equal for
cloth making purposes to over 200,000
pounds ot (Georgia wool, owing to its
This seems to be testimony not easily
controverted by closet theorists or free-
trade organizers, and the statement that
some competitors "now make a business
of producing clothing goods, using noth
ing but carpet wool, deserves their es
pecial attention. Meanwhile Messrs. Jus
tice Bateman & Co., in their latest circu
lar to customers, remark;
"One not engaged in the sale of low
grades of American wools, sucb as are
known as one quarter blood and common,
cannot realize the extent to which carpet
wools are being Used lor clothing pur
poses, to the exclusion of the low grades
ot domestic. One quarter blood wools
that brought from 2y to 31 cents in June,
are now dimcuit to sell at 20 to 27 cents.
In canvassing the mills with samples of
American one-quarter blood wool, the
fact is revealed that iu almost every
direction the better grades of carpet
wools are being used for clothing pur
poses. The descriptions most used are
Bagdad, East India, selected portions of
turkey, Syrian and i'ersian wools. It is
the custom abroad to sort out the better
grades of these carpet wools, such as are
suitable for clothing purposes, ship tbem
to America and enter tbem at the carpet
rate of duty, the coarsest portion being
left in Europe and resold there. The
large use of these wools in clothing
causes American one-quarter blood wools
to be neglected, and the decrease in tho
sheep in the United States during the
last tew years has been almost exclusively
in those yielding coarse wools; they are
what are known as mutton sheep, and the
decrease in these flocks is tbns also de
creasing the food supply of the United
This is the testimony of a seller of the
raw wool, who finds that the manufac
turers do use "in almost every direction'
wool imported as carpet wool fortbo pro
duction of cloth. The testimony of two
To bo sold at SLAUGHTERING PRICES for the next 80 days.
advances, we are determined to sell our stock of
Winter Dress Goods and Clothing
At s ich reduced pricoi to secure a speedy sale, wo therefore
All onr ljj yds. wide Lsdies Cloth, former price $1.00 per vd.. now selling at fin
' 40 inch all wool Tricots - 50 cu. per vd I - II 4,??',"
" 40 inch all wool piaida and stripes, 82 cts. per yd ' ri IY
43 inch all wool Henrietta Cloths.fornir nrirA fx ms
20 pieces 80-inch wide English Cashmere. " 25 cts
B ack Mohair Lusters, former piice, C2 ct
- 75 cts
" " v $k.oo .V.V.V
10 pieces of wool Rips for bouse dresses, reduced to 12iifctV"
All our White and Colored Blankets at Cost to Clear
Men's and Boy's Suits at Big Eeductions.
All our Men's Suits, former price, $10, Belling now at $7 50
Ail our Men's Suits, former price, $15, selling now at $13 50
All our Men's Suits, former price, $20. selling now at $15 00
All our Men's Suits, former price, $22, selling now, $17.50.
Boy's Suits from $2 50 to $3.00. Quite a Reduction.
The Balance of our Men's and Boy's Overcoats at cost to olear.
We also Offer You Big Bargains in Ladies', Misses',
Wen's and Boy's Woolen Underwear.
All our WINTER GOODS, without excepiion, to bo" .old at great reduollons so all
who wish any good, for this Winter will do well to call on uTm "be '
prices are within reach of everybody.
REDUCTION SALE BEGINS MONDAY, DEC. 16th.
DRY GOODS AND CLOTHING HOUSE,
13Q Second Wtreetv, The Dalles. Oregon.
such witnesses, one a seller and the othei
a manufacturer, both speaking from per
sonal experience and knowledge, is
enough to settlo the question for candid
men. There can still be argument re
garding the expediency of protecting
American growers of one quarter blood
and common wool, but among people
who respect the truth there can hardly
be argument in future on the questiou
whether such wool is in part displaced
and driven lrom us by the use of import
ed third-class or carpet wool in the manu
facture of cloths for ch thing purposes.
The words "common wool" tell a story
by themselves. It is the "common wool"
of this country which is most affected by
these fraudulent importations, and yet
(he free traders insist that no wool is or
can be grown in this country which serves
the sme use as the imported carpet
wools. Clearly enough, the wool called
"common" is grown to some exteut.
Since the change ot duties in 1888, from
3 and 6 cents to 2 and 5 ctn's, there
has been little iuducemenl to grow such
wool in this country. Hence millions of
sheep of this cla;s were slaughtered.
The qneslioo is whether it is not better
to grow the wool in this country than to
import it fraudulently.
Direct from tho Front.
Knoxtolk, Tenn., July 8, 1888.
The Swift Specific Co., Atlanta, Ga.:
Gentlemen I can cheerfully and truth
fully say that S. S. S. is the greatest blood
purifier on earth. In 1884 I contracted
blood poison. Physicians treated me with
no good results. I took a half dozes differ,
ent kinds of blood medicines, but, without
receiving any permanent relief 1 I was in
duced to try S. S. S. I began the first
bottla with the gravest doubts of success.
I had been so often deceived. But im
provement came, and I continued its ur
until perfectly well. I have since married,
and have a healthy family. No trace of the
disease is seen. Swift s Specific did all
this far me, and I am grateful. Yours
truly, J. s. Strader.
118 Dale Ave.
Kemp, Texas, June 33, 1888.
The Swift Specific Co., Atlanta, Ga.:
Gentlemen A sixteen-year-old son t&
mine was afflicted with bad blood, and broke
out with an eruption on various parts of his
body. I put him to taking S. S. S., and a
few bottles cured him entirely. I live at
Lone Oak, but my post-office is at Kemp.
Yours truly, W. S. Robinson.
Three books' mailed free on application.
All druggists sell S. S. S.
Th Swift Specific Co.,
Drawer 3, Atlanta, Ga.
New York, 756 Broadway. -
Notiue is hereby given tha t the nndeniiriicd tins
been, br the County Court r.f Wksco county, Ore
gon, duly Dppoluted administrator of theeattenf
Martha Ostl.iml, deceased. Therefore, all persons
holdlnir claims acikinst said estato are berebr noti.
lied and reoueateJ u present the same, together with
the proper vouchers therefor, to tha uubersifrncd at
the aw office ot Story ft Biadahaw at Dalles city,
Oreiron, whhin six months lrom tha date of this
Dated at Dalles city, Oregon, D"c 10, 1889.
L. P. OSTLAND,
Administrator of said estate.
Story ft Bradshaw, attorneys or said estate.
Notice 1 hereby given tht the undersigned has
been duly appointed administrator of the estate of
Ueorge 1. Biickell, deceased, by the.honorable, the
f !.uutv Court of Wmm eountv. Oregon. Therefore,
ail persons having claims sgainst said deceased or his
estate are ncreoy notinea anu requireu so pruacut
the same to me with the proper vouchers at my rest
dence in Dalles city, Wasco eountv, Oregon, within
six months from the Date of this notice.
Dated, Dec. 16, liteS.
J. C. BRICK ELL.
Administrator of the estite of George T. BrickcK,
liulur ftaWateins, for the administrator. d'JI-ot
' LL accounts due me must be pai J on or befote
JaiuiM-v 1st. 1890. a all unpaid bills will be
placed in the hand oi a collector at that time.
Nntli, ! hAKhv irlvan that the underjiimed 1 th
duly appointed and qualified administrator or the
estate of Phcube M. Dunham, deceased. All per
sons having claims against said estate are hereby
notified to present them, with proper vouchers, to
the undersigne -. at his olilce, in Dalles City, Oregon,
within aix months from this dale.
Administrator of the Estite of Phajde it. Due-
Til Dalles, Oreooh, Dec istn, lesj.
-T II I
Farmers' and Butchers
Front St., Opposite Imatui uonse,
THE DALLES, OREGON.
Always on sal the best, of Imported and
Bottled Beer of all ktoda Hperlalty
buuiileb's BEEK ON TAP,
FHEE LUNCH FOll CUSTOMERS
Mrs. C. L. Mips,
(Next door to Tuu-MnunTAi9BU office.)
THE LATEST STYLES
Bonnets. Trimmings etc
The City Flouring; Mill on Mill
titulars inquire of
Creek. For par
D . PHIRMAN.
As the Kattn
REDUCTIONS AS FOLLOWS :
T!T0 tnin d""'r' 'e"vlnB the Umatilla House at
JS:!?'h,n,;,''!ViS,um- Tht:10 train runs taroogh
to Walla Wallacoi.nectinif at Walljla Junction with
the Northern Pacific train for Helena, fct. Paul and
the bast. The 1 train runs through to arm I hit.
on via. Pendleton end Walla Walla, and to Union
La Grande, Baker City, onnnectinir at Huntington
wltn Oregon Short Line for Denver, Council Bluff
Kansas City and tha Eist. Trains going west ieara
The Dalles at 12:40 P.M. and S A.M.
ELEGANT PULLMAN PALACE CARS
EMIGRANT SLKEPIKO CARS run through oa
Express trains to
OMAHA, COUNCIL BLUFFS, and
-Free t Charge and Without Change.
Close Connections at Portland for San FrancunreW
Pugot Sound points. .
ToUan Pranrtaco Leaving Steamship Wharf Tore.
2-n lWnher, 1
ty"---. Thur,l.y, a
Columbia Monday, ?
.... Wednesday, 43
To Portland-Leaving SpearSt. W hart, Ban Frandsoo,
at 10 A. M. a. follows: -""""H
XZ " " ..Wednesday, December, 4
r. r numiav,
tt0'" - Thursday, -
btat,, ...Toesuav. "
fl 'nl.in.kl. ...
lav. January. 1
BATfcS Of PA9SA1E, (Including meals and berth
Cabin. 16 00 Steerage, H 00
Round Trip Unlimited, .. .. w 00
For further particular Inquire of any Agent of th
Company, or A. U Maxwell, A. O. P. ft f. A.. Port
A. L. MAXWELL,
ONE BAND OF-
Stock Sheep !
Young and In good condition; als
100 Graded Bucks.
Enquire at the First NaUo-al Bsnk, at A. U. Wil
liams At Co 's store, or at th stuck Tarda of Larsen
llylSwtf K. P. ROBEBTS ft SON.
TO SAN FRANCISCO, CAL.
By Wa or tke
Hi I JN 1J.
The MT. SHASTA ROUTE.
Quicker In Time thui Any
Oilier lioulo between
Portland and San Francisco
Leave Portland 4 P. M. Dally.
Through Time, 30 Hours.
PULLMAN BUFFET SLEEPERS
for accomodation of Second-Class
Paesentrers, attached to
Pan from Portland to Sacramento ana Saa
First Class Limited 0 (fl
Second Class, Limited It ,0
Til II OTTO II I TICKETS
TO ALL POINTS,
South sand East
E. P. BOGKR8.
Asst. O, . and fass. Arl
TICKET OF KICKS.
City Office No. 184, Cor. First and Alder PU.
Depot ' Corner V aud Front St.
Second Street, - - The Dalles
EAST END SALOON,
Near the Old Mint PniMirur, Second St,
The Dalies, Or.
Always on hand ths
A Pleasant Evening Resort.
Columbia Brewery ami Imported Lager Beer
IXTLTj 5k CO.'S
Keeps constantly oa hand tbe'ehoicert
Wines, Liquors, Cigars
Corner of Union rnd Second St.
Th Dalle. Orecoo.
Blf O ba (Ircn onlTer
aal at!afactlon la lb
core of Gonorrhoea and
Gleet. I prescribe ltaod
feel sate la roommol
Inf It to all sufferers.
A. J. STOKER, B.D
PRICE, 81. C9.
Bold br Drocrlst.
.'let & Kinorslej. ThsDsllsa Or.
JS3 MrMif bf iht
11 twM ffVsV-ilrml Ob.