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About Roseburg review. (Roseburg, Or.) 1885-1920 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 8, 1886)
V - 18 ISSUED
, ' BY .
J; 11, N. IV&LL, - rroprictor.
. lie Year - -Six
1 - 2 50
- - 1 25
Tbe arc the terms of those paying in advance.
The Bsvisw offers flue induccmcuts to advertisers.
" GE3KBAL DIEE0T0BY-
GnovKE Cleveland. .
Thomas A. Hesdeicks. . . A ice lWluut.
- Tuos. F. Bavabd. . . . .. .Secretary of btate
Daniel T. MAKNiso.SccreUry of Treasury.
. i. f n t .un Sf-nretarv of the interior.
w ri v..Tftw . .Secretary o v ar
W. C. Whits ey Secretary of Isavy.
VY T Vilas Post Master General .
A.H.GAitLASr... . ..... .Attorney General.
MokbisoX 15. Waite .Chief Justice.
STATE OF OREGON.
J.'N. DoLFII.. . .
, S. Senators.
J. II. Mitchell....
7. ...... . Congressman.
" . Governor.
. .... Secrctaryof State.
iSopt. Pub. Instruction.
Z. F. Moody...,.
K. P. Eaehart...
E. B. MoEuioy..
VV. II. Byaks..
J. B. Waldo.
Wm. P. Loud,
V, W. Tn vyek
SECOND JUDICIAL DISTRICT.
R. 8. Bk.ax. . . Judge.
.J. W- IIamiltos "... Prosecuting Attorney.
JollX Eli MITT, ,t
11. KMCPE. )
Wm. Massing, )
IlEXRy llofiEKS, f
(J. W. Kiddle, (
C. B. Wilcox, )
C. W. Kim call.
G. A. Taylor, . . .4
I). S. West..,..:
F. W. Besson... .
E. C. Sacky. . . .
J. S. FlTZIICtMl .
. . ..Uepres ntativis.
....... ; Treasurer.
. . . , i . :. .County Judge,
J. Hall, C. A. McGee, . . . .Commissioners.
Wm. Thiel..... .......... .surveyor.
Dr. S. S. Maestekh. . . . . . Coroner.
CITY OF ROSEBURG.
II. C. SrA'. ro.N, !
John R.tsr, j
f V. ShsikidAn, .. .... ... Trustees.
. C. Wheeleb, V
T. Ford ..................... .Recorder.
G. J. Lanceuueuo. : Marshal.
John Chase. Treasnrer.
L F. f.ANE, i JOHN LANE
JANE & LAKE,
Attorucys at Law.
Main street, ojxsitc Cosmopolitan Hotel.
J C. FULLKLITON,
Attorney at law.
Office in Marks' brick, upstairs.
WHITEMOKE M. D.
MYRTLE CREEK OREGON.
Inquire at Selig's store pr at Henry
II. C. HUNTER M B.
PI I YSICI AN AND SU RGEON.
" "CAX0NVILLE OREGON
HOTELS AND RESTAURANTS-
ioard $1 per Day; Single Meals, 25 cents,
- OTliis house has lately changed bands and is
oroutfhly renovated and refurnished. Tbe travel
ng public will Slid the beat of accommodations.
IN o Cliiuameu Employed.
Proprietor of the
Large Sample Rooms for Commercial
rce Coach to and frum the house
BaKsage delivered free of charge.
lTiolinrtt Thomas, -Prop.
. AN l) THE
Table supplied with the Best the Market affords
Hotel at tlio Depot of the Railroad.
31 00 UK'S RESTAURANT.
(Princlpasl Business Street.)
MEALS 25 CENTS, LODGING 25 CENTS
We Keep the Best the Market Affords.
Mrs. R. Breckenridge
- AGENT FOR
W. H. HcOORHICK,
Importer and Manufacturer of
Of American and foreign Marble
: and Scotch Granitei
Ehtlmats fflveu for Conlnff in Sand
Also A?entTor Walker's Iron Fenco for
ROSEBURQ. - - OREGON
DONE WITH DISPATCH.
. CALL ON
VOL. X. . - ROBURG, OREGON. .' raiDAYrJUARY, 8, 188G. - x KO. 40.
S. MARKS & Co.
-HAVE CONSTANTLY ON HAND
Crockery, Glassware, -
" "" 8 ' Provisions
Wool and Produce
AND THE VERY HIGHEST CASH PRICES PAID FOR THEM.
fs. iHAUIS& CO - -
Keejs a full lino of Dress Gooila of every variety and Shade.
A full line of Silks.
A full line of Satins, Brocades and Velvets.
A full line of Fancy Dress Goods.
- A full line of Hosiery.
A full line of Clothing.
A full lino of Furnishing Goods.
A full line of Hats and Caps, Boots and Shoes.
- A full line of Staple and Fancy Groceries and Tobaccos.
A full line of Crockery and Glassware.
And last, but not least, a full line of
kinds of Ladies Hat Trimmings and Hat
OOAII1 .ZrX SXIJSI 2X3Et
AH Kinds Of Fancy Groceries,
TABLE CUTLERY AND SILVER
OTHER THINGS TO NUMEROUS TO .MENTION.
Call And See Me At The j
Post Office Stand.
BUTTER AND EGGS BOUGHT. ;
Successor to J.
DRY GOO US,
DUVOS and PATENT MEDICINES. '
Cbeapcr than the Cheaesfc,
. Roscburg, Oregon, .
o O o
They would aunounce that they hare just received and now have on
hand one of the largest stocks of
Ever Brought to Douglas,
Stores of all Patterns and
Thcv are nre Dared to declare thev have
Southern Oreffon, which they propose selling
In the shape of BUII.D1NU MATr.it 1 ALB.
ofTnr anncrior iuducemonts tonnrchasers. Trvns.
We can give you bargains in trio following
BUCK S B0XAXZA, FARMEH 8 CTILITY,
CLAIiESDOX. OCCIDEKT. IR05 KI35G, BMPIBB T
And other Sioves
The best of workmen are constantly employed in the mantfactare ef ear TINTTAB
and lin vers ahrinlrl lnarn nnmrices. I
We have also bargains to offer in GUNS,
iiiflee, as well as Shotguns and Pistols. ,
We are bIbo AgenU for the White, Peerless and New Home 8EWIXM MACHINES,
wtneb we sell at the lowest rates ana warrant as complete tn every respect.
We can also supply
Avsrill and Butoer Paints.
The best in the market, at lowest rates. Give
prices, and we promise
Dr. THOMAS GIUUA3I,
Of the University ol Pa. at PhlladelphU and of the
ROYAL COLLEGE OF SCEGEONS. and ROYAL
COLLEGE OF PHYSICIANS, LOS DON ENGLAND
has located for the practice of his profession in
ROSEBURG - - OREGON.
Office and residence, Washington street opposite
the Catholic Church.
VV. I. Friedlander
Cigars, - ; J
Boots and Shoes.
of every Descrip
Ostrich Plumes and Tips, with all
Shapes of latest pattern.
Stand, Hand, and
WARE, and TEN THOUSAND
BOOTS ami SHOES,
HATS and OAFS
and, when added to their
tie best soddIv in their line oKaay house ia
Cheaper than can be purchased elsewhere
in the way ol Juocks, uutw, cw., we can
. . . r.M.AWn.-l . 1 1
oranas oi tii v i noi pquwea eucwaere:
DEXTEE, PACIFIC, WIDH WEST,
sach as Winchester, Sfiarp and other
us a call, inspect oar stock; lnaaire as to
to saityoa u anyone ean.
DONT FORGET THE
fiTT HalsV PhotO CtallCrT a55 I 8t- Loais, Mo, and has, in a private and hospi
AfUiajm a 1IUIW W"uv J I tal practice of thirty years, treated with wonderful
Now located one door North of the Plain
dealer office, where you can get San Francisco
work at less than San Francisco price.
Now is your time to purchase tor we
not be with you long.
We also do enlarging from any old and
faded nirtiire of anv kind, and make Torn a
Beautiful Pastal Portrait that will last always.
Call and examine ovr work before going
elsewhere. T. C. wakl,
m" OF RENTAL OLSEASES !
PileH, Xtectsil Ulcers,
liHtnljiH in nno,
ETC., ETC., 1
CURED IN 6 YEARS BY THE BRINKERHCFF SYSTE M
Ir. J. B. I'ilkiiijrton PnjrieUr of the PurtUuid
Km and ear Iniirmarv and Vamtakian for NkuVoi s
DmitAJiKs lias been npp oiiivcd Agent and l'hj sitiiin
for this in Oregon W. T. No hetkrc huruical
orMATiOM, no pain no lobs of blood. In 2 months,
hare cured several castes In which severe cutting op
erations have failed. Am permitted to refer to Mr.
Jag. W. Wcatherford, druggist formerly of Sulcm.
Mr. Frank Gardiner, machinist, Mr. B. A. lUinpy.
Harrisburjj, and others. If several patients apply,
will spend one day in each month m Roseburg.
Add -ess for pamphlet etc.
J. B. riLKlNOTOS M. D.
Pilkinglon will be at the
McClallen lIoii.se, lloseburg from Fri
day evening, January 8th to Saturday
evening Janurry 9th, 1886. " "
, ?3K$ucccssor toj
& J. C SHERIDAN.
v DEALER IN
Stores Jiiitl Tinware,
IJoscbiir, O rt'gGii
THE DDtlcrsifrricd takec pleasure in .an
nouncing to the public that lie 8tl!iti2
everything iu his Hue at prices tlutt
IF YOU WANT
STOVES, AQEIOULTUKA.L TOOLS
IRON," STL, HAILS,
HOESEiJHOES, TINWARE, CUTLERY
Or anytliinff in my line, call and examine my
stock and learn prices before purchasing clue
wncre, as 1 am selling lower Jdiau ever.
J C. SHERIDAN
Watchmaker, Jeweler nud Optician.
ALL WORK WARRANTED.
Dealer iu Wutthes. Clock. Jewelry,
Spectacles and Eycglas3ea.
A IUIO. LINE OF
CIUARS, TOBACCO & FANCY GOODS.
mUE OSLY RELURLE OPTOMER IN T.iWX
X for the pror ad justment of Spectacles. Icpot
of the Genuine Brazilian Pebble Spectacles an. 1 Eye
glasses, umco in Hamilton s Untie lsiock.
Send 10 rents postage, and we
will mail you free a nival, val
uable, Riunplc box of fond.;
that will rut vou in the way
of making more money at oneo, than anything else
in America. JWth sexes of all aires can live at home
and work in spare time, or all the time. Canilal not
required. v e will stirt you. Immense pay sure lor,
those who start at ont o. Stissox & Co., Portland
For Seven Years
W. Blake, the subject of the above T sketch.
with the E?eniB Chronicle. St. Louis. Mo., in
wer to the Inquiry of a reporter, said: "For seven
years I had been ailing with catarrh, and durini
thai tima hava hen treated bv six eminent idivsl
elana. without rancesa. Some doctors told me I had
eonramptoaa. lor the past tare yean i naa a con
tinual discham ol mucous droptngs ia the throat.
a cough aitd'piun across tbe fbrfaead. - Added to that
was loss of memory, voice, appetite, roaring tn tho
ears, and a ireueral feeline of wretchedness. About
firm months aero I consulted Dr. Turner. To-dav
am as well as ever, have gained twenty pounds, and
don't detect a trace of n.y oiutrouDie. ves, sir, i
would be pleased to answer, by letter, any person
SuUeriogf ro m that dread disease."
Ixmla Turner. M. 1). . has offices at 819 Washington
success all curable cases. Treatment of deformities
and surgery a special itv. Nor kecksbakt to am r
tntSTS. Br my oriirinal system of consultation.
ean treat patients by mail as successfully as ia per
sonal consultation. Patients can consult me by
mall n all Diseases of the Blood, Stomach, Liver,
Bowels, Heart, Nerves General Debility, and all dis
eases Peculiar to tbe sexes. No eihorbitant charges.
Consultation at office and by mail one dollar. Send
One Dollar tor a full consultation by mail, on re
al which I will thoroueh'r mvesturato your case.
Medicines furnished tree to patients. If you are
slek or ailing, write me. ao letters answered un
less accompanied by 4 cts. in stamps. Audioes all
letters to Dr; Louis Turner, 819 Washington Avenue,
, LoaidMo. :
.. o . .
For all Ii t a-e of the
LlYer, Kidacys, Stcarcli aai Spleen. -
Thi pur'l.-vcc1jsHI iirc-: :
raraiHMi, wm- cl binitl aa. :
Family Milium , ntieiir4e4 rn
the !-wi!i in IKS. It acts
fi'lly t. It ti In amrl
hiilix .VH ai mrr Ihi
ortv-n il id- jr. .i i.,th n-(-.
ili- lMt t. tv r.tTrr
iKMlU'ltip. !) i-v-r tbr ick
nc inajr pr.v to le In all
i . cgiMHi il-.i.w. it wll, nn
' . misl'.t.'.f-'t-T nny -nlv mii-: .
. cw:. fl''". it :'jn'ly. cure. .
':; nRiila'.-r, i V to ?dnini-.ter m any
con,l:,Um oi th yM'in. ml t,ilr nn ciretiHa
:fa r.:i' U ! S.tnirt. Ii will Hvkorat
liiir . clas rf Ktiw;, b t i ifitikiCMtiie vrr.
a,:ci.lad tu n. tr ti' : will ,ri,itk4it dl
)(-' ion, tlKitijial.. !' clcli. , nixl Klitr
;l(y Innc II,. k'-,ii. 'Ihr iIimm. m ma!l,
IjiiI uiixiRKititl. a.id it- intiu un'.kHibicd. .
Ko lr of tim", bi Iptrr
lltf'tltm r t' -mf f
buMiicifS whilv tai-iiig, the .
; Rci!bt jr. : :
ChiMifln c'Ptilaitiipg of
,.'ii-. Ili-u! i. ho, or Kick
morv will give r. In f. ". "
If taVrn ccc iioiKdly by pa- "
2 lients riwl tu MALARIA, -will
r) 1 tin. xMun Att i poHcit
llictM tiiroi attack;
A HlVSIflAf ori.MON.
I h-ve been it;h liciiit: m- dnrin'' Swj:enty years(:
ami bave iwtr bc- n Ui- ! pirt up avrgrtable
C(KnnutKl tb it wmild, lik. Stnni .iM IJv?r Regu-
Luor, ptunipily ami clrjctivdy mve the Liver to
a titm, and at tbe s.m: time ad (instead of weak-
. cuing ihc dtrr-iiv and axi
sysUm. L M !!-;i--., .i
asxiitnlkfiM. rnw,.is of the
, t binion, Ark.
BEKTK.M VIM iir. l TIIK JK.Mi.NK.
. Zellits, & Co., Philadofci.a,
CLARKE & BAKER, Pious.
Having purchased the a)x-o named mills of E.
Stephens & Co., we arc now prepaped to furnish any
amount of the htft quality of
ever offered to the public in Douglas County. We
ill furnish at the mill at tbe following prices;
So-1 rough lumber ..$12 H
No, 1 flooring, 0 Inch ,. . . . - - $24 M
o. J flooring, 4 inch -$26 H
o. 1 Sniahinz lumber. $20 M
Ko. 1 finiahiii" luuii.cr dressed on 2 aides ..24 M
No. 1 finibliiii" lumber dressed on 4 sides""2C M
Jjiiinler, , HiikIi, Doors
OF THE VERY BEST MATERIAL.
rOME AND GET TERMS BEFORE PURCU 8-
Oflico near Depot, ....
Agent for J. J,
Agee & Uauan.
New Butcher Shop
We keep all kinds of FRESH and
Hides of all lands bought.
THE OLI) RELIABLE
Established in 1867.
PA Kit Y,
jn the Red Front, next door to A. C . Marks'
Repairs and Altera lions neotly done.
MRS. S. A. IlUTCIIIXSOa,
ADIES WILL F.ND Jlf STiXJK LARGE AND
i Complete. Prices moderate.
fii-r M a 0!.' Mns. S. A. Hutchixsos.
MADAME ANO MR. DR0UILHAT8
STAR OF PORTLAND
69 AMD 691 ALDER STREET, Uolton House Build! (
MEALS A LA CARTE 15 CTS. UP.
fiates for Keular Boarders to suit the times
Special Terms made with persons desiring din
ncrs for Woldinirs. Parties. Clnb Keunlmis and Soci
ties of all kinds, by triving order a little in advance.
ayrPnvatc R oms for Ladieawithoutextracharse.
Accomodation Uooms for Guests from 2 to i5 persons.
I AM PREPARED TO DO
Work in this line, and ask a share of
tho natronaire of Rosebursr and vicin-
ELMIXA V. CRU5U.
Next door to L. Belfils Jewelry Store, Roscburg Or.
TTAVING riAD 28 TEARS
XX Watchmaker in Oregon,
I feel confident of
srivnu? ani.infart.inn in all wora entrusted io n
I have tbe County patent right for sale of Concrete
Cement Fijni for conveying waver .to any pwra
wimxn ha in.
Drip, drip, tbe rain some down,
. With niHrmnrous p!ah and fall,
And tlie day is gronei and the night ereept'oo.1
As the chill winds jslgh and fall.
Warm and red the Ore leaps ap .
Iu the heart of thj glowing grate,
' And pictures grow! la the ruddy light -As
we softly muse; and the darksoase night
Seems far, as we dream and wait. .
Drip, drip, and the rkin is dene.
And the stars are overall; ;
The wintry winds have hurried away.
And the east grow bright with the blush "of
And a bird begins to! call i
Oh, wintry rain and starless night.
Your spell Is everj at last; . V
The clouds are gone! and the sky is clear;
, And a hidden rivulet trickles near, ! j .
To tell of a storm that's past. ,
d Country Wldch Rejoices ina
- Indnoemesits to Hraso Seeks. ;
Plenty of rarmt, Hatifkct anil Vrmilg
Douglas county ;is one of tho South
western counties of tbe Btate, and cou-
taios a iwpulation Of 12,540; is bounded
on tho South by
and Curryj on the
West by Coos coun-
ty and the. Pacific
Ocean;on the North
by Lane county: and on tho Last by
Lake and Jackson bounties. The coun
ty ia 90 miles f ron North to South and
100 miles from East to West,, extreme
points, and has an! irregular boundary
line formed mainly by spurs of the
Cascade range andjby the Siuslaw river.
Tho county has an'area of 4,000 square
miles, or 2,500,000 acres. Of this
503,b50 acres ard under cultivation,
and it is almost inipossiblo to estimate
the area that can b placed tinker cul
tivation,. Competent judges estimate
that there is at east 300,000 Acres
still subject to eutrj under the United
States Land Laws, some" portion of
which can bo tilled! There is still oyer
half of the county) which is not sur
veyed, much of which is practically
unexplored. Of that subject to entry
aliout ten ir cent jean be easily culti
vated, but is not counted with the
largo tracts known as ltailroad and
WnrVonEoad trrants, which embrace
. - o I
The county of Douglas include the
region eommonly known as the Ump
qna valley." Thejonly resemblance to
a valley it present, as whole, con
sists in the basin iikc oppression ine
center of tho county forms, wnen
contrasted with the high mountalns en'
compassing it. The Calipoohts on the
north, Cascades on the easti vanyon
and Rogue Riverj mountain" on the
south, and that pcton of the Coast
Range known as Jthe "TJmpquaa on
the west, hem it in with high walls of
rock and timber. The interior of this
great basin is composed of "small Tal-
leys, plains, canyons, gorges and moun
tains. Irregular spare shoot out from
the main ranges and cross the conn try
in all directions, causing and endless
variety of hill and; vale, meadow and
mountain. From ;the Cascades numer
ous large creeks, or rivers, . flow down
between these branching mountains
Rmira nntil their waters are all united
... , it l n . li
ana cm inrougn tne ioasc xvango in tire
TJmpqua river. The largest of these
are North UmpquV, South Umpqua;
Cawpooia, Deer, Conger, Dead Man s,
Bear. Coffee, Day's and Myrtle, Hub
bard, Lake and Camp creeks, rising in
the Umpqua mountains, flow into tho
main stream, as dq Oalapooia and Elk
creeks ' from the! Calapooias on the
north. Smith auq Siuslaw rivers flow
westward from their sources in the
The main portions ol available land
. . a ( m
for agricultural purposes lie mostly , in
the northwestern part of. tbe county on
the Siuslaw, Smith and Umpqua rivers.
(jf the county are various, and in the
near future will doubtless become Terr
extonsive, principal and chief among
which may be mentioned the products
of the agriculture, lumbeung, stock
raising, wool growing interests, fruit
products, mining interests, comprising
that of gold, silver, quicksilver, tellu
rium, copper, nickle, cement, lime and
coal, a gcod depcsU of which has recent
ly been discovered, which bids fair to
develop into a Ivery extensive and
profitable branch! of industry. A.1
of the above-named minerals are known
to exist, and offer unexcelled advan
tages to the hardy prospector and to
the enterprising capalitista for Invest
ment with the most promising results.
Is generally dark loam, with clay sub
soil. Along tho water courses it is of
a more sandy nature, and all of it
throughout the cdunly is remarkable
for its fertility and its adaptability to
the pursuits of either the farmer, fruit
grower or stock raiser. A rich, red
loam is sometimes! found which is very
productive. Still, Ihere are some smal
sjiots of sterile, gravelly soil, and some
of clay, to be found in this, as well as
other counties. Like in other coun
ties, the best lands often extend to the
tops of the high hills.
No county in! Oregon is so wel
favored for climate as Douglas, not
withstandinc Its hlllr features, and the
mountain ranges surrounding it. There
in not enoush snow falls in the . winter
!, har.fWtHl! hnv to maka a snow
ball from, in the valleys, nor is the
summer attended ith any unpleasant
features, such as jthunder storms and
cvclones. which almost driye mad "with
fright the citizens of many Western
A arood nizht's rest and sleep can
be obtained at all seasons, and stock
will thrive and de Swell anywhere in the
valleys and low huls in this county al
winter." The aYerage rain-fall pev year
from to 1 884, inclusive, was
thirty-four and seventvtwo-one-huri-
dredth inches. This is less than that
in many of the Western and even ex
treme iastern states. It talis in
showers, lasting from a few minutrs to
sometimes two or three day, wit;
many bright sunshiny days between.
LA!fD PRICES. '
llicse vary here as elsewhere, ac
cording to soil, location and btate of
improvements. It ranges from $5 to
$50 per acre. There are many ranches
adapted to dairying which can be pur-;
chased at very ire asonable rates. ,
' : AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS.
mi w m - . "
ine staple crop ot the county is
wheat, although wool ranks almost, if
not quite, equal to it " Corn is also
grown to a very . large extent, and is
fully equal in qualitv to that produced
in JockBon. - These T two counties
(Douglas and Jackson,) take the lead
as the corn producing counties Tn the
state; a sure and reliable crop, can
atways o aepenuea upon. . uats ot a
superior weight and quality are .here
grown, Kye, barley and flax dp fully
as well as in any other section; Hops
also do weiL JtSrooni corn and sugar
cane have never been tried tir any great
extent bat would doubtless thrive.
Potatoes and all vegetable crops pro
duce abundantly and are of an excel
lent quauty- in tact, green vege
tables can be purchased almost the year
round. Hay is ad important product
and commands a good price the year
Of all kinds do exceedkigly well in
this county. Apples, peaches pears,
plums, cherries, prunes, apricots.
quinces, figs and grapes, as far as tried,
can be relied on. No insect pest of
any kind bothers fruit in this county,
and all fruit has an exceptionally fine
navor, growing to avery large size.
All descriptions of tame and wild ber
ries grow in great abundance, even to
three varieties of huckleberries.
Almonds and English walnuts have
also been grown here.
Was formerly the chief industry of
the whole county, but of late years has
given place to agriculture in the older
fettled, portions. While the larare
tarda have been reduced in size, they
liave been improved in quality. This
is especially noticeable in the woolgrow-
ing industry, fjattle, horses and hogs
nave been jrre.Uv lmnrncprl Th
grades of wool from this county Imve
always ranged drss in the San Francisco
market and command the highest price.
This will undoubtedly command as
high a rank in the future as any of the
eading productions of the county, es
pecially along tho Umpqua, Coquille
and Siuslaw rirers. The former two
are navigable for small boats for a dis
tance of thirty miles from their outlets
into the Pacific, and along the shores
of which are large bodies of most ex
cellent timber, such as fir, red and
white cedar, sugar pine, myrtle, chin
quapin, oak, ash, maple, laurel and
There is an abundance of wild honey
ana me nusy oee Unas an immense
number of wild flowers almost the en
tire year around to feed upon. The
honey produced is clear and of excel
Are very limited in number. At
present they comprise saw and flour
ing mills and one foundry and machine
shop. Ihere are opportunities for
others, which, by beginning now, would
secure a permanency that would be
come valuablo as the county settles un.
There is an abundance ot water power
ii.i . . .
tuai is very convenient and at acces
SCHOOLS AND CHURCHES.
The country is well provided in this
respect, and are well supported. The
new comer has no occasion for anxiety
nor fear of heavy taxes to support
The total liabilities of Douglas coun
ty for the year 1885 were $75,719,84;
total assetts $68,303,33 leaving a bal
ance of $7,416,51 as an actual county
debt which is something remarkable
considering the amount of public lm
provement. Tho total taxable property
of the county is almost, if not quite
$3,000,000. The amount needed for
the coming year will be $52,383,78 or
18 mills on the dollar, compared with
other counties hi the state this is al
most nominal : ., ';C ':
' 7 '' .' HEALTH.
-.' This is a remarkable and prominent
feature in this county to which the at
tention of every stranger is called. No
malaria or miasma is known to exist in
Douglas, nor is there any prevailing
type ef disease incident to this county,
; This important industry of the state
may be termed as in its infancy. . The
resources of the county in this respect
are in every way worthy of the most
thorough investigation of every mining
l r ' r- - - ,. . tt
man; ana is . iirmij oeuevea vj many
that could some earnest and energetic
prospecting be done, there would be a
full realization of the roost sanguine
expectations of the advocates of this
valuable pursuit At present there is
a nickle mine, a large nnmlier of placer
mines, and a cinnabar mine. All are
worked to a greater or lejs extent, and
at a more or less profit . .
' The principal towns of the county
are lloseburg, Oakland, Dram, Scots
burg and Gardner, besides which there
ore a large number . of Postofllcea -of
minor note, scattered in convenien
sections of the county.
Is the county seat, and contains a pop.
niation or about 1400. It Is quite
thrifty place, and attained considerable
importance at one time by reason of its
having been the southern terminus 'ol
the Oregon & California railroad. The
nnnsT JOB OFFICE
IN DOUGLAS COUNTY.
CARDS," BILL HEADS, LEGAL BLARKJ
And other Printing, Including
Largs and Heavy Poster, and Showy Hasd-Bills
Keatlyand Expeditiously executed -AT
terminus has sines been faoved to Ash
land, 1 40 miles farther south; but Rose
burg still remains the end of a rli
The county has neat and commodious
buildings, ample for every requirement
for many years to corns. -.ThA
has at present four hotels, two flour
mills, one foundry and machine shop,
two very enterprising and ably edited
weekly newspapers, besides ' a rrood
many mercantile Cms.
OAKLAND A5D DRAIN. "
Are small placrs on the l'ne of the O.
& C. roadf while Scotteburg arid Gard
iner are on the Umpbut river. Their
main supplies are broughft. from San
Francisco by coast vessels. - In fact,
the coast section of the connty will un
doubtedly become very valuable from
its timber interests in the future. Doug- .
las county is, in fact, one that will ever
command attention, not only from its
delightful climate, which is second to
none in the country, but also from if
stock and fruit-growing as well as
farming interests. Its stock industrv
especially, will always be a prominent
one because ot its most, excellent and
extensive grazing tracts, the gateway '
to which are often held by the purchase
of a few acres of land. To those who
have money to invest, the advice that
can intelligently be given, is to look
over Douglas county for yourselves
not along the railroad mainly, but iu
the interior, and yfe will find good
opportunities for investment in any of
the industries named, and will find one
of the most - picturesque, healthy - and
equable cor nties in tho whole State of
Oregon. 7. ; .
How Orrgan Ftrit XecHee Atten
tion from Eastern. Mctllcra.
These figures and (act were adapted from a
lengthy article on the same subject, in Lang's
history of the Willamette Valley.
The first regular immigration- to' Oregon
from the East arrived in 1841; beginning that
steady stream of young and vigorous life
which has annually flowed into the State for
forty-four years, and the end is yet to come.
There wCfe many causes for this immigration.
Trappers in the East, who had visited the
Pacific Coast, sang the praises of the lovely
and fertile valleys of the Willamette and Sac
ramento, where winter was unknown and
grass was green all the year around. - The
Western frontiersmen caught up the refrain,
as it passed from cabin to cabin, and in a few
yean the tale was an old one with the hardy
pioneers of the West. .'."The pufcricatVo -t
Pr. Parker's book, Inrings "Astoria" and
Bonneville," John Dunn's work on Oregon,
a letter written by Robert Shortness, who had
come out in 1839, combined with a general
financial depression in theVestern States,
caused much attention to be directed Jo ward .
Oregon, California then being-a province of
Mexico and consequently less attractive to
American citizens. Thomas II. Benton and
Lewis F. Linn, United States Senatorefrota-
Missouri, also did sonic noble work in Con
gress for Oregon. ,
The immigration of 1 84 1 consisted of tu
persons. Among them were Joseph L. Meek,
Caleb Wilkins, Dr. Robert Newell and
Francis Ermaringer. Some immigrants ar
rived from the Red River colonies in the fall
of 1841 and located north of the Columbia, in
the vicinity of the Cowlitz farm of tbe Fugct
Sound Agricultural Company. A number of
them relocated in the Willamette valley the
following year. :
The immigration of 1 842 consisted of 1 09
persons, ol whom 55 were over 18 years ot
age. - ; - : '
The immigration of 1843 was yery large.
Among those arriving were J. W Nesmith,
William Waldo, A, L. Lovejoy and Jesse
The immigration of 1844 was nearly as
great as that of the previous year, adding
some 800 to the, American population, 234 of
them able-bodied men. "They were," ajys
Hon John Mirtto, "self reliant, determined
men. They started from different points
under different leaders and never united, but
on the contrary, divided up still more as they
traveled, a single man sometimes separating
himself from an entire company under the
settled conviction that they , were all too con
trary for him to keep company . with any
longer." . The main companies had three
starting points, one from near the mouth of
the Platte, one from Independence, and one
from Capler's Landing-, twelve miles from .St.
Joseph. 7-.- - '
The immigration of 1845 consisted of some
300 souls. They brought the cheering in
telligence that James K, Polk had been
elected President on the party cry f "Fifty. m
four-forty or war." Their numbers, too, added
so materially to the strength of the American '
element that they then outnumbered the Bti
tish ten to one. 0 7 7
The immigration of 1846 consisted of 2,000
souls, bringing with ihem 470 wagons and
1,050 cattle. 7
The emigration of 1 847 has been estimated
at 5,000 souls, fully two-thirds of whom came
to Oreqon, the remainder adding their strength
to the Americans who were straggling to hold
possession of California against the defeated
Mexicans, from whose grasp it had been
wrested. Among the prominent arrivals in
1848 were Thos. J. Yocum, Isaac Ball, An
drew Bauer, Levi Bennett, L. E. Blain, Wil
son Blain, B. B. Branson, W. W. Briston
and others. , '
The total population of the state in 1850
was 13,294; in i860, 51,465; in 1870; 90,923;
in 18S0, 174,768. 7 ;
Immigration For the year.
January 1,000, February .. 1,5000, March
2,500, April 3.5! May 3,500, June 3,soo,
July 2,500, August 3,000, September 2,500,
October 1,500, November . 1,500, December
1,000. Total, 7,500.-Portland -News.
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