Roseburg review. (Roseburg, Or.) 1885-1920, March 06, 1885, Image 1

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    T H E Aja E IT -I E W
: BT
J R. N. BELL, - - Proprietor.
On Tear - - - - - - $2 50
Six Months - - - - - 150
Three Months - - , - - - l 00
These are the terms of those paying in sdrance The
Rctiew offers an inducements to advertise nt. Terms
i - "... .- ,
And other Printing, including '
Large ak Heary Posters aM llm HaM-Bills,
Neatly sad expeditiooalj ei seated '
NO. 48.
tt n
Watchmaker, Jeweler anl Optician,
Dealer In Watches. Clocks. Jewelry,
Spectacles and Eyeglasses.
Cigaia, Tobacco & Fancy Goods.
Th or.Ijr reUabla Optomer in town for the proper adjust
ment of Spectacle ; always on hand.
Depot f tfc Genuina Braiilian FebbU Spec
tacles and Xyeglassea.
Office First Door Soutli of Postoffice,
Boot and Shoe Store
Oa Jackson Street, Oppofita th,.Jfast tZo,
Keeps on haihl thi largest sudbert assortment at
Eastern and San Francisco Boots and
Shoes. alters. Slippers,
And ererything In the Boot and Shoe line, and
Boots and Shoes Made to Order, nd
Perfect Fit Guaranteed.
I use the Best of Leather and Warran all
my work.
Repairing Neatly Bone, on Short Notice.
I keep always on hand
Musical Instruments and Violin Strings
a specialty.
CLARK & BAKER, Props. .
Having purchased the above named mills of
E. Stephens & Co., we are now prepared to far-
-TiiaH ,nv ninmint th. twist : mmlitp tt
ever offered to the public in Douglas county.
We will furnish at the mill at the following
prices: .
No. 1 rough lumber .....f 12M
No. 1 flooring. 6 inch ... .$24 M
No. 1 flooring, 4 inch C2& M
No. 1 flnsihing lumber. -..20 V M
No. 1 finishing lumber dressed on 2 sides 24 $ M
No. 1 fl nishing lumber dressed on 1 sides J3 V M
Office on Main street, oooosite Cosmopolitan
Next Door Live Oak Saloon.
Shaving and Hair Cutting in a Workmanlike
Home Made Furniture,
Constantly on hand.
I have the Best
South ef Portland. 1
And all of my own manufacture.
Ko Two Prices to Customers.
ItesMetiU of Douglas County are requested to give me a
ore purchasing elsewhere.
Oakland, Oregon.
This Hotel has been established for a num
ber of years, and has become very pop
ular with the traveling public.
Table supplied with the Best the Market affords
Hotel at the Depot of the Railroad.
Staple IDry Goods,
Keeps constantly on hand a general assortment of
Extra Fine Groceries,
A full' stock of
Such as required by the Public County Schools.
All kinds of . Stationery, Toys and
Fancy Articles,
Buys and Sells Legal Tenders, furnishes
Cheeks on Portland, and procures
Drafts on San Francisco.
Promptly attended to and goods shipped
with care.
Portland, Oregon.
O'er the tombs of pious people.
In a quaint and ancient steeple,
Hangs a bell
A haunted belli .. ii.
And ghouls do the knelling; '.
And people tell, '
When the winter blast is swelling - -Around
each bumble dwelling,
Or the summer sun is fchlninjr
O'er the tender vines entwining, '
How spirits dwell
And claim the ancient steeple as their own;
And they tremble when the tone
Of the bell !
Like the anury wind doth moan,
Like a grieving soul doth groan,
. . Thro' the dell!
And they cross themselves, the people.
When they gaze upon the steeple
And the bell,
i Tue haunted bell!
And at midnight when it's swaying
' The pcoj.le tell
Their beads, and keep on praying,
A plea for mercy sayinjr; - . .
And they hear the ghoulish laughter
Hinging from each dusky rafter
i And tn each hollow knell!
They hear the Krl-ktug mutter.
And his maledictions utter, '
And they sweil J j
On the dusky folds of night, . . fc.
With the speed of elfish might,
Thro' the dell 1 v
And the simple village people,
And the quaint and ancient steeple.
And the bell,
' The haunted bell!
That ghouls are ringing,
Still do dwell,
Where the flowery vine is swinging,
Where the tender buds are springing.
Where beauty is in hiding.
. 'Neath the Gtrnvm skies a biding.
And the knell
Echoes o'er an azure river
Where the golden sunbeams quiver.
And the smell
Where the violet pale reposes ' '
Near the open-hearted roses
Fills the dell I
Alfred Ensign.
rhe Confession of a Drinker of
" Hydrate of Chloral.
An lusiduous Drug More Fearful and More
Injurious in Its Effects Thau
Opium The Horrors of
Chloral Mania.
After an apparent forgetf ulness of the
once famous anesthetic hydrate- of
chloral, recent fatal cases seem to
hare awakened public interest in this
effective drug. I need not describe the
dangerous drug further than to say it is
a salt of burning pungent taste, having
a great affinity for water; its basis is
chloroform, into which it is supposed
to be changed into the blood. In small
doses it is stimulant and antispasmodic,
in larger narcotic, while an overdose
produces death as instantaneously as a
flash of lightning. Like opium, the
dose must be constantly increased to
keep up the sameettects. The stimula
tion, however, is not like that caused by
opium or alcohol; it is not exhilarating.
and does not incite to action either
mentally or bodily. But the subject of
the influence rises for a time above all
his cares' or sorrows or fatigue, and
seems to look on life through the me
dium of a rose-tinted glass. But while
care and sorrow are forgotton and a
strange, dreamy sense of perfect ease,
comtort and happiness takes . their
place, all aflecuon and love are likewise
banished. ,He is apathetic and cares
for nothing save his own sense of com
fort. In this state the confirmed chloral
taker would stand by the death-bed of
his nearest and dearest a passive spec
tator, if not actually smiling, and for
the same reason he would stand quietly
on the scaffold until executed. If the
same dose is repeated without the chlor-
alist lying down speech becomes indis
tinct, the eyelids drop, and the gait in
walking is auected just as in drunken
ness from alcohol. The chloralist
drunk in the first degree, is by no
means an unpleasant companion. A
stranger could mark nothing unusual
about him; he is genial, and although
rather, languid and by no means
bright in conversation, he is
at all events a good listener, and is eas
ily pleased, although his smiles often
partake of the hysterical order, and.
too, he is at times easily aroused into
an outbreak of furious ppssion, which
dies away iust as suddenly as it came,
leaving no trace behind. But, of
course, every one will not be affected
precisely alike, as much depends on
the idiosyncrasy or innate peculiarities
of the chloralist. In my own early
stage of chloral taking 1 used to take a
small pick-me-up dose when starting on
a journey by rail. The effect was rath
er remarkable. All sense of bodily fa
tigue and even of unpleasant motion
was banished. I seemed lifted out of
myself a spirit traveling by rail and
the ever-varying scenery went gliding
past me like an enchanted diorama.
The difference in the effects of chloral
and opium under the same circum
stances would te this: Opium is moral
and imaginative, and paints things as
they really 'do not ex:st throws an
artil.c al halo around them, as it were;
chloral merely increases the power of
enjoying the real. I he picture on the
brain of the chloralist is, so to speak,
photographic compared to that on' the
bra n of the opium-eater, which might
be called phantasmagorical. "I know
from experience," said a neighbor to
me the other evening, "the work that
chloral does. For many months, every
night on my return from business, J
found my poor wife drunk and my
dear children, who used to be so merry,
silent and unhappy. But there was no
smell of intoxicating liquor in the room,
or even about her breath, and all my
efforts to unravel the dreadful mystery
were unavailing. But one evening
after tea she dropped from her chair
wh le trying to speak to me dropped
like a log on the floor, and
earned her to bed. tier face was
red and swollen, her lips blue; her
arms and legs were marble cold, even
hard; she had no pulse at the wrist,
but breathed as quietly as an infant.
1 sat beside her all that' Ions: night
Towards morning the sleep was broken
by moans and deep catching sijchs, and
arhen she at length awoke it was dread
ful pvpti in Inok Jirson h.r suflorinorj ml
agony. From the doctor's lips I first
heard the name of chloral. She is now
a nervous Tphfc le, anl must. I fear.
soon succumb to her infirmities.
Yes, chloral is set moving in society,
and thousands annually fall beneath its
wheels. Let any reader of the Eagle
ask any wholesale chemist, and he wil
be told that tons on tons of this danger
ous drug are annually imported (from
Germanv and other nartsl which are
not prescribed by medical men, but
taken as stimulants by the people them
seves. Hydrate of chloral in every
shape unless administered by the
hand of a skilful practitioner is an
insidious and fatal poison. It is more
tempting than alcohol, more- insinuat
ing than opium, and more ! terrible in
its effects than either. An opium
eater, baneful though the practice is,
has been known to live to a goodly old
age; no chloralist ever lasted over three
years. ' "
A friend . of mine an intelligent
young man and myself both com
menced the practice of chloral-eating
at the same time. We became chloral
ists in December, 1878. My friend suc
cumbed in the folldwing July. Unfor
tunately, he did not find out till a week
or two of the end that it was the new
drug that was doing him to death, and
then I believe It would have been too
ate could he by any possibili ty
lave friven it ud. But he did not and
could not, and what is still more sad, I
fear he. took ,'oue last . biggish dose."
as he said he would, "to anticipate the
nevitable. 1 -had been for some
months assistant to a railroad engineer
in Pennsylvania. Hewas one of those
men who work their assistants as
they would a tired horse, so I was kept
at it very hard and close all day, only 1
had the nights to myself. I sustained
about this time a loss which caused me
a good deal of grief, and this, combined
with the irksomeness of my duties, be
gan to tell upon me - so far that I suf
fered sleeplessness, so that at times I
could get no rest till far into the morn
ing hours, and being deprived of suf
ficient sleep, I was naturally in poor
trim for the labors of the succeeding
day. It would have been well for me if
I had now at once thrown up my em
ployment. But one line morning, in
reading a medical journal, I came
across the letter of a practitioner who
was loud in his praises of hydrate of
chloral. How well I remember the
words: Produces sleep almost instan
taneouslythe sleep is pleasant and
dreamless patient awakes in the morn
ins: fresh and clear-brained, with no
headache, and merely a little whitening
of the tongue; no after effects.
'Eureka! I cried; "this very night 1
shall - be lapped in Elysium. I was
lapped accordingly. I took ' twenty
grains of chloral and slept like a stone
till morning, . Overjoyed with the suc
cess of my experiment, I repeated the
dose next night, and every night for a
week, after which I tried one night
without, but found I was entirely un
able to sleep, and so had recourse to
Tory draught about three in the morning.
Six weeks went past, and although as
yet I had felt no ulness from the
chloral, still I had my misgivings, and
resolved that I would give it up some
of these days. One thing, however,
which I observed was, that on awaken
ing in the morning I felt as if actually
no space of time had intervened
since L lay down, My life seemed
a continuous, ever-endins day.
had no ' " satisfaction ' from my
sleep, and felt dispirited in conse;
quence. If 1 had only taken warn
ing then? But I did not, for this
same peevishness is the earliest symp
tom ol that coming irritability of
chronic congestion of the brain, which
the continuous use of chloral never
fails to produce. . About two months
after 1 had begun taking .chloral I
first became sensible of a strange heat
on the top of my head, together with
a sense of fullness in the head. My
nerves, too, began to be shaken, I could
do things slowly, but any hurry or ex
citement at "once confused me.
In justice to myself I ought to say
that I had no suspicion it was the hy
drate of chloral that was doing me
all the mischief. I was treating my
self for brain congestion. I noticed
now that I was losing flesh. Day after
day I observed this in the glass; crows'
feet began to appear about my eyes,
and wrinkles ..where never wrinkles
were before. My pulse, too. got more
and more thready. Even at this early
stage I had very little hope of ever get
ting well, and so, day after day, I
marked in the glass my thin,
worn face, and the gathering wrinkles,
and waited and waited for death.
Had I d'ed now, or at any time dur
ing my illness, 1 should have died
with my finger on my pulse counting
even the last beat. My sufferings were
now increased by periodic attacks of
tic doloureux of a very distressing
character, and my remedy was more
chloral. , A strange thing was that I
could never bear any allusion to my
illness. Although I felt sure I was dy
ing, I kept the secret secure in my own
breast, and made every effort to seem
well in the street by walking quicker
than my strength would permit, and
refusing even the aid of my cane. I
had friends and relations who would
gladly have come to see me, but I never
even told them that I was alive; I pre
ferred death among strangers..
It is the end -of June the air is beau
tiful but hot. I crawl down to the sea
side and lie for hours sheltered from
the sun by a bush. This is the only
time in the day I have the slightest
freedom from pain and misery. Ex
cepting; this solitary walk, it is months
since I have been able to go out or
keep any company. 1 am "constantly
reading or thinking, trying, as the
Germans say, to "solve the infinite."
My constant prayers had been that I
mi-rVit: oifVifii. tYft. alnwlr wuU ap c-kinrl il t
die. Hope deferred maketh sick the
soul, and all faith m prayer has eone,
and all belief in religion and revela
tion. Sometimes I even doubt the ex
istence of a Supreme Being Himself.
Mv bodily sufferings are very great,
and my mind is a mere chaos. My face
is so thin and white ar.d worn that I
start at my own image in the glass. My
eyes are constantly dilated, and the
least excitement runs my pulse from
sixty to one hundred. Toward evening
my head feels as if frozen, and I sit in a
benumbed stupor until bed-time. U n
dressing I feel is one of the labors of
Hercules, and ha to be done by de
grees. I do not take my chloral three, enough to kill as many men
until I am in bed and the house per
fectly still, for the slightest noise would
necessitate a double dose. When all is
quiet, a drink and
Threfl months more have nasscd
away. After my friend's death, I made
strenuous efforts to reduce my dose of
chloral, and continued the same for
more than a month. What nights of
sleepless asony, what days of restless
pain! i am now taking tnree drams
and a half at bed-ti ma, and one more a t
early morning. I have often started from
my sleep at midnight with a strange
dread of impending death which I can
not describe, and found my hand cold
and no pulse at the wrist. I can now
barely Walk a hundred yards without
s'tting or lying down. The irritability
of the bra"n is charged with 'a- feeling
of indescribable agony if I attempt to
get up an incline or stair. ' Super
added to this is a horrible sensat'on of
strangulation, which is nearly always
present when I assume the upright
position, - v Nc' '''.
Another three months have gone; it
now the bleak December. The end
must be very nigh. In the beginning
of November I was prevailed upo l to
see a Philadelphia physician a special
ist. His specialism was heart disease.
I did not tell him how much chloral I
was taking. I don't know that I had
very much hope of life when I went to
see this man, but if I had any I left it
alt at hiauhouse, and-ferougEt way with
me despair, He examined no part of
the body but the region of the heart,
and treated the head symptoms as onlv
secondary. Shall I ever forget how
deftly his little white fingers glided
over other parts of my chest and set
tled on the region of the heart! "Here
is where your trouble is," he said; a
little enlargement of the right side
nothing to signify." I heard his in
struct onsand received his prescription,
kindly tendered, like one in a dream.
All doubt was now at an end, every rav
of lope banished- I was literally con
demned to death. "I take an interest
in your case," he said, "and will watch
it. I thanked him for formality's
sake, although his words brought me
about as much comfort as they would
have done spoken by a hangman
to the wretch he would : soon have
to operate on officially. It was
as though he had said: "Go home and
die, my boy; I'll have much pleasure in
watching the symptoms and duly re
cording them for the benefit of the pro
fession." I dragged myself wearily
back to the railroad depot, but I felt nc
longer, the slightest interest in any
thing that was happening around me.
I was in the world, but no longer of the
world. Not until I had reached home
and retired for the night did I begin to
feel the whole horror of my situation.
Now it was the awful uncertainty oi
the kind of death I should, die that hurt
me most. I knew I should d'e linger
ingly and in the full possession of my
senses, feeling the ebbing of my heart'g
pulse and counting my latest breath.
As to any future state, I had no hope at
all. I had lost all belief in the exist
ence of a beneficent Creator. I be
lieved in the doctrine of chance, and
looked upon the existence of soul as
mere poetry and romance. I felt quite
convinced that nothing could exist in
dependent of matter; that height and
depth, and up and down, the points oi
the compass, weight, sight and sound,
thought itself, and every principle or
so-called fundamental truth, had no
existence in the abstract, or "beyond
an earth." I believed in the after ex
istence for the merely material part ol
my body, but that would be sublunary.
Matter can not die, I reasoned, and 1
shall live again live again in the sun
ny air, in the dew that distils from the
clouds live again in trees, in flowers,
and, perhaps, in some other form of
animal life, and here, amid all my
rrlnnni v snftmilntinns. f.nm th rulim!.
j r-
lous thought: "I shouldn't like to be a
centipede, 'though, nor a beetle, nor
anything creepy. Jbor what was
life but change? What was change but
motion the result of force, force heat
in another form? And what was heat?
So I soared away, and got lost in the
realms of the abstruse. But it will be
thus seen that there was no 'aberration
of intellect, no wandering of hallucina
tion. The brain was clear, though in
a high state of exaltation, and my rea
son was similar to and the conclusions
arrived at the same as those of many
schools of philosophy notably those
of Germany. And now there began -to
dawn in my mind a feeling from which
I at first recoiled with horror. I con
stantly saw in the distance the dread
necessity of suicide, for the time I
knew would soon come when I could
bear no more. As a further source of
comfort to me my medical adviser had
given me a little book, of which he was
the author a book on disease of the
right side of the heart, and which de
scribed very minutely the different
modes of exit from this world specially
prepared for the poor wretches so at-
flicted. lhis book was bible to me for
manv davs. The easiest stvle seemed
to be to five all your life with contin
ual congestive headache, and expire
some fine mornins: in a fit. Then the.e
was sudden death by heart cramp or
paralysis. Oh, it was a merry volume!
For the first fortnight in December
never less than five drams of the hy
drate of chloral was my nightly dose
From the time I arose -in the morning
my sufferings were extreme. I had
now lost all power of reading, writing
or speaking aloud, any attempt to do
either was excruciating brain agony,
and if persevered in fainting followed.
I could hardly move my head from the
pillows or sit erect, while my eyes
seemed starting from their sockets it 1
attempted to walk. But toward night
well, if all of mental, all of bodily
suffering I ever have endured in my
lie could be compressed into one hour,
it would not exceed the torment I then
underwent. Every vein in my body
seemed swollen to double the size and.
inflamed along the whole length, while
the restlessness was so distressing that
I could not lie for five minutes in any
one position. Add to this that time
seemed indefinitely long minutes as
hours and hours as days and you will
have some faint notion of my experience
of the "grand remedy for sleepiefcsness
that had no after effects."
Then came a day when my landlady
took fright and went of her own accord
for a medical man to come and see me.
1 wa3 worse that day than ever I had
been. This gentleman hardly stoppe I a
minute with me, and as he went out 1
beard him say to the landlady: "You
Might to have sent for : me before
weeks ago. He cant last many hours
now." So, then, it had come at last
I was almost face to face with the grim
(neray. I went quietly to bed and took
my chloral. The doctor was to ; come
at ten in the morning and I was anx
iously awaiting bis arrival. He came
al last- The hrst thing he did was to
glance up at the winnows to see u iuc
Winds Were down, and I think he was
disappointed that they were not I did
not like this man, and lay perfectly
still, with closed eyes, when he came
in. He felt my pulse gently enough,
and then stood looking at me for a few
moments with his hands in his pockets.
"Wondering what vou will put in my
death certificate, en, doctor?" said I,
opening my eyes." "I am," he re
plied, bluntly. ""Then," said 1; "here
is the verdict felo de se. Now, good
bye; I can't bear talking." He went
away accordingly, thinking, no doubt,
I was slightly distracted. Hardly
bad the sound of this v man's
carriage-wheels died away in the dis
tance when a hale, hearty, bluff, old
gentleman stepped into my room. He
was a medical man I had often heard
of; he had a good deal of business
about him, but hid a kind heart behind
a rj&jgb'j. exterior. He soon elicited
from me -the whole I history of ib
chloral. T.ien he stood at my bedside
and offered to bet me five to ene that if
I followed his instructions to the letter
I would be a different man and in good
health in five months. He examined
my heart; said it was weakened by the
)Oison imbibed, but nothing more.
Though his words seemed to me only a
cruel mockery, 1 promised faithfully to
obey him in every particular. Then he
destroyed all my chloral, and asked mo
if had any hidden store. I had no
chloral that night, and such a night I
never passed before, and 1 trust 1 never
shall again. Sleep, of course, was lm-
fossible; but I tossed about all the
ong, long hours in a bath of perspira
tion, yawning, stretching and sneezing.
The most pa nful feeling was a sensa
tion of rending at my heart, as if some
monstrous crab were gnawing out my
vitals. I never slept a wink for over a
week, and then sleep came in fitful
snatches. I - was, of course, too much
prostrated to leave my bed. On the
second night I was delirious, and so on
lirium, too, took af first a strange form.
Some presence seemed to be ever with
me asking me question after question
in rapid succession, which I was im
pelled to answer in rhyme. vVords or
meter never once failed me, and in one
night I am certain I composed suf
ficient verses to set a dozen poets up m
life; in fact, " I had been suddenly
transformed into a living, breathing,
rhyming dictionary; but the distress
this form of delirium caused me ean
hardly be imagined. On the third
night there was an entire change in the
performance-; the rhyming power left
me, my ey no more rolled in fine
frenzy, and die delirium was changed
to a dioramic entertainment to-wit, m
my travels and voyages around the
world, I. had gazed on many a beautiful
coast scene from my cabin; these scenes
were framed, as it were, by the round
porthole, and very pretty pictures they
often made, each one varied as the
weather or climate varied, but always
"laving the sea in the foreground,
weather caim and serene, or- ruffled
and angry; the sky above, whether
blue with flocks of snowy cloudlets or
dark and lowering; with the cominsr
storm, and the landscape in the middle.
Now back from the realms of memory
came those circulating pictures, one by
one, and by the hundreds gliding be-
fore my half-closed eyes like dioramic
scenes of enchantment. My recovery
was a long one, but hope had renewed
in my heart, and in three months I
could walk as many miles. Sleep, too.
returned to bless me, and 1 felt indeed
a new man. lilessinsrs on the rough
kindness of that good and clever doc
tor. Cor. Brooklyn Eagle.
Curious Natural Formations to He Seen In
Northwestern New Mexico.
During the past summer Captain C.
E. Dutton, of the geological survey, has
been studying some remarkable relics
of ancient volcanic action in the north
western portion of New Mexico'. They
consist of a multitude of needle-like
peaks rising out of the broad valley
bottoms to altitudes varying from 1,000
to 2,200 feet. They are called chim
neys by the residents. They are com
posed of black basaltic lava, having a
beautiful columnar structure like the
basalt of the Giant's causeway. They
are remnants of lava which once rose
up out of the earth through the strata
and congealed in the volcanic pipes or
vents. In later periods the strata which
inclosed them have been dissolved away
and removed by the general erosion of
the country, leaving these basaltic cores
projecting many hundreds of feet m the
air, as casts of the volcanic pipes or pas
sages through wThich the ancient towers
rose to the surface. The proof of this
origin is conclusive. Around the val
leys in which they stand rise lofty ta
bles or plateaus known in the west as
mesas. Ihese are capped With heavy
sheets of basalt,- and beneath them are
the stratified sandstones and shales of
the western coal fields. In the walls
and upon the slopes of these mesas may
be seen many of those chimneys in
every stage of partial disinterment,
some nearly excavated, some half dis
entombed, and some just beginning to
appear, as the mesa walls still have
remnants of the old cinder cones upon
their summits, while from those which
are wholly or in the greatest part exca
vated all traces of the cinder cones
have disappeared. Thus the veritable
roots of the ancient volcanoes are un
earthed and laid open to the inspection
of the geologist. ; The locality where
these volcanic "necks" (for this is the
technical name given them by geol
ogists) are seen lies along the eastern
flank of Mount Taylor, one of the great
extinct volcanoes of the west. It is
about sixty miles west of Rio Grande,
and seventy miles northwest of Albu
querque. Boston Transcript,
A curious question of jurisdiction
has risen in the case of the sunken Brit
ish frigate Hussar, which, is said to have
fone down somewhere about 1780 in
ong Island Sound with $5,000,000 of
gold on board. Recently the Secretary
of the Treasury transferred th contract
of raising the wreck from a .New York
man to a Providence firm, the Govern
ment to receive all relics and ten per
cent, of the money recovered, and now
it is claimed than the State of New York
owns the alleged sunken treasure and
that the National Government has no
rurht to meddle with it N. T. Mail "
i.'ftuclitlont Which Aaiur tJ Best Result
to the Subject. . :
I think we may safely say that evry
one requires six hours' sleep in the
twer.ty-four, and very many men and
women, not to mention fools, require
even more. Certainly, too much tl ep
is harmful; but too little is vastly mors
so. I would let each man regulate his
hours of sleep by what he feels are his
real requirements; always u-ginghim
to avoid the suspicion "of laziness, to
take into consideration the bed he lie
upon, and to watch the effect on his
health of any system of sleep he adopts.
If you get up whoa you first wake,
providing you have had six : hours
of sound, refreshing sleep, you can
scarcely get wrong. But make sure
of your six hours'; minimum,! and
be wonderfully suspicious of the ne
cessity for further sleep, as it is apt
to become, not necessity, but indul
geacrWeiliagtiu could sleep-at any
moment; Baron Bunsen could sleep for
half an hour at any time in the midst of
h's studies, awaking refreshed, and re
suming his work with increased vi.or.
A blessed gift this; such" a faculty, com
bined with that of early rising, is as
good as a fortune to a capable man, or,
indeed, to almost any man. : Sleep is
heaviest in the first few hours, gradually
becoming lighter, and probably dis
turbed by dreams, as time Wears o a,
until a slight noise disturbs us, or our
rested system resumes .full work of its
own accord. . Everybody knows that in
dreaming part of the brain is awake and
at work, while tbse other part is asleep
as much aa the brain can sleep; at all
events, exercising lessened function. It
is therefore obv ious that dreamless sleep
is most useful, as dreams are evidence
of work by some part of the brain, de
tracting from a perfect rest
A very important factor in securing
healthy steep is the kind of bed we? lie
upon. Feather beds I can not com
mend; indeed, luxuries and thi3 is an
undoubted one are not to be sought
by him whose aim is perfect health and
strength. A spring mattress is very ex
cellent, and the harder your couch, to
be comfortable, the more, likely are you
to secure healthy, refreshing sleep, not
unduly prolonged. It is a difficult mat
ter to rise early from a feather bed,
difficult to awake in a reasonable time,
and more so to leave its warmth and
coziness iff winter. But the luxury
must be sacr.ficed to the more healthful
influence of the mattress. The clothing
should be light and warm; and; I can
not but recommend the sheet of paper
placed between two blankets as being
very warm, for paper is a poor con
ductor of heat Vou get warmth by
this means without undue weight of
clothing. Then your bedroom must be
well-ventilated, for you require to take
in an extra stock of oxygen during the
night to help out the supply for the
day. You will sleep too much if the air
Is impure. :,u ' .
If,' then, you have taken care, -that
your bed is very warm and comfoi ta
ble, without either being oppressed with
clothing or too soft, and your room be
fully ventilated, and you can t sleep,
what must be done? Perhaps you ate
too much supper, and must await its
more perfect . digestion; or, being
squeamish, you ate less than usual, and
the cravings of the stomach must be
satisfied before sleep is obtained. In
this case a glass of new milk, kept
handy for use, with a biscuit, will prob
ably satisfy your requirements, and you
fall asleep readily. A friend of mine
who. -was hot and restless, and could
not go to sleep on one occasion, pro
cured due repose by going into the
street and rolling in the snow.
Another person describes the means
he adopted for sleeplessness as
consisting in watching the re
flection from a light - he could not
see, in a tumbler of water placed near
him. A few turns up and down your
room mav assist you if you fail to dis
cover any chilliness, pain, or discom
fort as causing insomnia. Jt or my sen,
persistently think of nothing when I
can not fall asleep. I work -until, quite
weary, then, tumbling hastily into bed,
I usually find sleep immediately. On
those rare occasions wheu sleep evades
me, I check my thoughts immediately
they begin, and .concentrate my atten
tion on a blank. This refusal of thought
nearly always succeeds. If you can not
sleep, and are worried to death with
cares of the business and the family,
ask your chemist lo give you ten or fif
teen grains of the bromide of potassium
in an ounce of water, and this repeated
for a few nights vill allay the worry,
and cause a return to yonr healthy con
dition. Cor. Leeds (Eng.) Mercury. -
Why a Citizen of Wyoming Decided It Was
Not Healthy to Discuss the Political Sit
uation. -
A politician and a quiet-looking per
son sat at a table in the Griswold House
dining-room, last night The politician
turned to the unassuming stranger and
"What do you think of the political
"I have retired from politics. I never
discuss it any more.
"Retired? May I ask when?"
"You may. . I wa out in Wyoming
a month ago, and a dozen cowboys and
myself were attempting to discuss the
merits of the National" candidates. I
touched upon the brilliant war record of
Logan, when a cow puncher six feet
five interrupted me by saying that it
was a lie; Logan never saw a battle; he
was a horse-thief up in the Laramie
"You denied it, of course."
The modest gentleman laid down his
knife and fork, took a long draught Of
coffee, Wiped his mouth, and then gaz-
ing long nau earnesuy at. me politician,
replied: .
"Stranger, if you should ever talk
pol tics to a gentleman in Wyoming
w:lh a very strong aroma of bovine
about his person, and he should assert
that Arthur and Jesse Jamesi played
poker together, or that Bn'gham Young
anl Henry Ward Deecher ran on a
Presidential t'eket in 1860, just agree
with h'm and turn the conversation in
to other channels. Stranger, I am gp-
n bavk to Wyoming. That's why I
um out o: ro:i tics. -ZroM Journal.
: Red hair is considered Ihe most
beautiful in Turkey.
Tlie Leurai Taught by th Practice
An extraordinary surgical operation,
marking almost a new era in physiolo
gical knowledge as well as surgical per
formance, is reported i in the London
l imes. The success of the operation is
important for two reasons: it demon
strates the possibility of what had
hitherto bsen considered impossible,
and it illustrates the practical benefits
to humanity of the experiments in vivi
section of animals that have ; been so
fiercely assa led as wanton cruelty.
A patient had been admitted to one
of the London hospitals who had for
some time been afflicted with epilepsy
and paralysis of the brain. ; His suffer
ings had reduced him to the verge of
exhaustion, and an examination " of his
case showed that no medicines could
save him or drugs do more , than' par-
previous methods of 'treatment ? there
was nothing before him but months of
painful misery and an agonizing death.
It was j evident that his was a case of
tumor jof the brain and that no relief
could possibly be obtained without re
moval :of the tumor.
The-existence of tumors cf the. brain
has bepn proved by post-mortem exam
inations, and their symptoms have been
ascertained by ante-mortem bedside
studies.. But while clinical and patho
logical observations supplied the knowl
edge which enabled the skilled practi
tioner j to detect the existence of the
tumoral they have not afforded any clue
to the (situation of the morbid growths
in the jbrain-mass. The vivisection ex
periments of Prof. Ferrier on rabbits
and monkeys, rendered unconscious of
pain by anesthetics, demonstrated the
localization of sensory and motor func
tions in cerebral hemispheres, so that
the position of any diseased process by
which jthey might be invaded could be
definitely determined. In many cases
it is pdssible to map out the seat of cer
tain pathological changes in these hemi
spheres with so much niceity and cor-,
tainty jas if the skull and its coverings
and linings had become transparent, so
that the surface of the brain was ex-
Eosed to direct inspection. Dr. Hughes
ennett, in charge of ; the epileptic patient,-
had watched the experiments of
Prof. Ferrier with close attention, and
by means of their revelations was able
to interpret the meaning of the convul
sive twitchings of his patient's muscles
and trace them to a certain point in his
brain, j Here, Bennett concluded,
was ,t a small tumorj ; located in the
ascending frontal, convolution on the
right side, which Was' silently and ; re
lentlessly eating its way into surround
ingtextures. Tile experiments of Prof. Ferrier had
not only en abled the skilled diagnoser
to locate the seat of the disturbance,
but had also proved that an operation,
if performed with nice" skill, would not
necessarily be fatal. Dr. Bennett ex
plained the situation to his patient He
pointed out the impossibility of a cure
by medicines, or even of retarding the
Progress of the destroying growth,
'hen he offered him the chance of an
operation of a foitnidabJe nature, one
never before performed on a human be
ing, under which he might, perhaps,
sink and die, but from which he might,
perhaps, obtain complete relief, lbe-
man had faith in his doctor and eagerly
chose the operation. On : the 25th of
November, Mr. Godlee, surgeon to Uni
versity College Hospital, in the midst of
an earnest and anxious band of medica
men' niade an opening in the scalp,
skull, and brain membranes of the pa
tient at the point where Dr. Bennett had
placed his hnger. the point correspond
ing with the convolution where ho
declared the trouble was seated, and
wherei it was actually discovered. In
the substance of the brain, exactly
where Dr, Bennett had predicted, a tu
mor the size of a walnut was found and
removed without difficulty. At the time
the account was written, sixteen days
after the operation, the man was conva
lescent, having never had a bad symp
tom, and was full of gratitude for the
relief afforded him. He has been
snatched from the grave and from much
suffering, and there is a good prospect
that he will be restored to a life of com
fort and usefulness.
The importance of this case can not
be over-estimated. Hitherto cases of
epilepsy and paralysis caused by abnor
mal growths in -the brain have been
deemed absolutely incurable. Now,
thanks to the experiments of Professor
Ferrier, this dreadful affliction can be
conquered by surgical skill. Without
those experiments on chloroformed rab
bits and monkeys it would have been
impossible to localize the malady or at
tempt its, removal. The successful oper
ation here recorded opens up new and
far-reaching vistas of hopefulness in
brain surgery. Noonewho has watched
for months and years the progress of
the dreadful malady, witnessed the tor
tures of the sufferer, and realized the
utter helplessness of iamily, friends and
medical skill to stay the progress ot the
dise: ie or mitigate its tortures, but will
recognize the magnitude of the blessing
to humanity that has resulted from the
experiments in vivisection. Cleveland
V "Old Isaacs."
"Old Isaacs" is a well-known disor
derly character of New . York, who
spends most of his time in prison. The
other day he received a ten day's sen
tence, and the next one called was a
pretty and well-dressed girl of about
eighteen. "Drunk" was the charge
against her. The girl's tears failed to
soften the judge, and the customary
sentence of $5 was awarded- Neither
she nor her companion had the money,
and the court officers were leading her
away sobbing as if her heart wonld
break when "Old Isaacs" shambled up
to the clerk's desk, and diving into h;s
inner vest pocket, drew forth a dirt-begrimed
wallet, from wlv'ch he took a
carefully folded bill, laid it down on V e
desk, and said m a naif wlrsper,
"There's the fine for her,'1, jerking his
thumb ; toward the girl. : "She's too
pretty to go to jail, and I l ad a daugh
ter like her once." Then, shambling
back, he took his place in the liue
again. N. Y. Time..
The barnyard is- the fif-ld for winter
work. Manure saved is manure mude.