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About The Douglas independent. (Roseburg, Or.) 187?-1885 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 28, 1880)
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. 13 ISSUED
a,tuxley , Hon I i --n
.: ... .-BT-...
JOHN W. KELY, I u: U; :r.
Independent m all Things ; Neutral in Nothing."
Theae are the terms tor those t lui-
uan, Th .HnaPEjnMWTorS t 6ne mduoe
mbu to idmuwi. Terms n nl .
. i..i..i-k,, '-' -Neatly
and xred!i!o, -,:y exxr - '
A.T POItTij INI) I t
. The Feitr.s;lt-f' a trsaist - -
IIOSEBUHG, OREGON, SATURDAY, AUGUST 28, 1880.
' E. . MULL?-
Watchmaker 'and Jawelur,
QAKLAJfD. - - - - OBWOS
Office in Dr. Fsge'
O. A. LEVl.-.s,
HATIX'S .WKXTLY PCKf HASE1 THE
- Caayuuvi ! Hotel, 1 am n-w pre;nvd to
nrniih trav.-fer. &!.mU : 1m boat ofa'wmrao-iMliona.
Feed and aUMtaz llw :.-. D. A. LEVIN'S.
W. H. ATKIXSON.
K. K. AXKEHHOK
Ashland Woolen Manufacturing
. : t Company,
Wanuticturers and Dealers in .
White & Colored Blankets
Plain, end Fancy ta.hmerre, DoeaUna,
KlauurU, Ktc alee,
OVER AND UNDERWEAR CLOTHING
- -- - Made to Order.
W. H. ArriSI JSTSOIV, Isieoy
ASH L A ND, Jackson Count v, Oregon.
H. C. STANTON:
Staple Dry Goods I
Keeps constantly oo hand a general iisdort- ;
Extra fine 'groceries,
WOOD, WILLOW AND GLASSWARE,
-' ' ALSO
Crockery and Cordage
A full stock of
13 O O it- S-
Stith a required by tiiej Public County Schools
Alt Kind. f 8TATIOSBRY. TOYS and
To tait both Young ami Old.
BUTB ASD 8ELI4 LEGAL TENDERS
fnrnUhc Checks on Portland, and procure
DralU on San FrenciecoJ
Haanct to the Railroad Depot, Oakland
Jm. Mahoner Prop'r.
Sit flneat af wises, liquor and cigars in Do
las eooaty, and the bast I
la UisStata keptim propar rspsin
Parties traTeling en the railroad wffl Sad this
plas Terr handy to TMt daring the stop
ping of the train at the Oak
land. Depot Qirs me scall.
..' JOHN FRASER,
Home Made' Funitxire,
1 WIIiBIH, - OREGOJf .
Upholstery, Spring: Mattrasses, Etc.,
trilOUITIIDC I have tke bert; stoefc ef
r UIllll i Wlitv. turaltnresuatnolfomana
And all of my own manufacture.
No two Prices to Customers
BesiJents of Douglas county are reques'-ed ta
gire me a call before purchasing elsew nere.
- - OKKWOlf.
IUoliard TXtozoas, Prop'r.
rpHlS HOTEL HAS BEEN ESTABLISHED
A, fcratnambsroi years, and has become rery
popoiar wita Ute traTeling puDiic. i irsv-eiase
. . . i
And the table supplied' with the best the market
aflbrds. Motel at the depot ot me rmnroea,
n AVISO PITRCHASED THK
rASED THK FURNt
tore Establishment of John Lebnl.err, is
now prepared to do any wo- k in the
He Is also prepared to furnish
In all styles, of the best manufacture, ami chesper
man uie eneapesu aim
Am of superior mU, a4 for low et cannot be
mufuiea in ue dww v
Finest of Scrincr Beds
And' the :
Most Complete , fofas
Alnnm hand. Everything in tne line fur
nished, of the beetquality.on the shortest
notice and at the lowest rat.
COFFINS MADlj AND TRIMMED
And orders filled cheaper and better than can
any etner estaousnmens.
DMirina a share of tniblic nalronaee, the un
dereigned promisee to offer extra inducements to
ail patrons, uive me a wiei. -
JOHN GILDERS LEV E.
Vtrrv-K IS HEREBY GIVEN TO WHOM IT
m w-Mi-wn-ibat the un.lurigned has been
suM'tWaira f.w ket ping the Douglas
ftMintr uuitfM ttr a setiud of two vaarSr All
mt. iK. i bJ al iMiaianna from said county
ntf rm nrnrnni rorti final to that CtfoCt from
ay MuiUr of tbe County Board and present it
to eiM el the tillowinc named persons, wno are
emhiriMd to and will oare for those presenting
aci rMitifimiim: Button A Perkins. Eoseburr, I
! U Keliogg. Oaklsnd; ; Mrs. Brown, Looking
Glass. Dr. Woodruff is authorised to furnish
sdieal aid la all persons in need of the same and
who have bead declared paanan of Douglas
una. w. B. UiiAniv.
ALL lUCS 07 BEST QUALITY
A. Is X, Oil JDZSRS
Ffotn ptly attended to and Goods shipoed
.. ,with care. ,
' Address, Bacfteney te Bene,
1 Portland, Oregen
VTben -we went to Tivoli last week we
returned in s special train with several
hundred Genoese canotteri, who were
invited to Rome for a boat race by the
society here. They had been to the cas
cades, the baths and the Temple of
Sybil, bat I overheard a yonng woman
telling them, "Oh! yon have seen noth
ing if vou have not seen the Villa d'Este,
but it is impossible to see all in one day."
The poor fellows, who were worn out
with the fatigue of climbing the hills,
looked rather crestfallen ' at this, but
many of them had brought away large
pieces of the petrified leaves and twigs
found near the waterfall.
These Genoese, though no doubt
strong and lithe boat rowers, are not
types of manly beauty They are posi
tively ugly, and formed a striking con
tract to the Apollo-like forms of the Bo
mans at the regatta on the Tiber. This
regatta was organized for the benefit of
the marine hospital for children, and
was, as usual, on Sunday afternoon.
The border of the river was covered with
people, who 1 manifested great enthu
siasm, and a prize was awarded to the
successful canoe by the Minister of Ma
rine. The king and ; the aristocracy
and the - diplomatists and many
lovely ladies -were there, . and, not
withstanding the beauty of the Romans I
am afraid that the ugly Genoese won the
race. From my green terrace, near tbe
Tiber, I heard but did not see the re
gatta. The music of the bands, the
booming of the oannon and the shouts of
sue people came floating, up in the air
and mingled with the shrieks of the
swallows that circled above the flocks.
The demonstrations of friendliness be
tween the Genoese and Romans on this
occasion were remarkable. They dined
each other, and they made speeches in
praise of each other, and never tired of
shouting from the windows and cars,
"Viva Geneva!" or "Viva Rome!" Even
the harvesters on the Campagna, reap
ing in long lines in the not June
sun, stopped their work a moment as
their train passed to give them friendly
snout. This is a good sign, and it is
wall for Italy that the days when one
city made war upon another, and cap
tared the chains that protected its. gates
and hung them up in their own public
places, have gone by. The watoh-word
now is brotherly-love. Liberty, union,
equality, industry, putting money away
for rainy days, draining and cultivating
waste lands, planting forests and binding
tbe poor emigrant to bis native soil
these are the ideals of Italy. The
Genoese are among the first to follow
this programme, in which lies all of
Italy s future greatness. 2f. Y. Evening
Etiquette of the Umbrella.
The following has recently been pub-
The umbrella, which the Englishman
nuder his threatening climate wisely
considers an indispensable accompani
ment of his toilet as often as he breathes
the outer air, is for very different rea
sons in the isast a necessity to the native.
In Siam and Barm ah, China, Annam
and Cochin China, it is not only the
necessary protection against the intru
sive rays of a vertical sun, but it has
functions of its own to discharge which
are quite foreign to it even in those
countries where it is, as it was intended
to be, a "little shade." It is a distinctive
feature in the lives and characters of the
natives of those parts, and their kings
and emperors, when writing to one an
other, allude to their subjects as
wearers of the umbrella, in contra
distinction to the ignorant and misguided
people of other climes. Thus we find an
emperor of China writing to a king of
Burmah, "From the royal elder brother,
Tan-kwang, emperor of China, who rules
over a multitude of umbrella-wearing
chiefs in the Great Eastern Empire," to
'royal younger brother, sun-descended
king, lord ot the golden palace, who
rules over a multitude of umbrella
chiefs in the Great Western Empire."
In Burmah especially the umbrella has a
deep and secret meaning to convey
what is as double-JJutcn at srst to tne
foreigner's ear. It is, it need scarcely
be said, the necessary finish to the out-of-door
toilet of a Penguan or Burmese
fashionable, but it is much more. It
has very delicate duties to perform
which could not so well be alloted in
Burmah to any other instrument. Gold
or gilded umbrellas, wmcn in tne
provinces may be carried by anybody,
are reserved in the capital for princes of
the blood alone; and red umbrellas are
affected by the gay sparks of Burmese
society as being the next thing most
ccaudv in appearance. Etiquette has
also fixed the exact number ot umbrellas
tlia Rnrmase noblea roar displav when
they approach the "lord of the golden
palace; and it has now been settled by
the Mandelay Herald's office beyond pos
sibility of dispute tnat no one nut tne
Ein-Sbe-Men, or heir apparent, is enti
tled to have borne over his litter the full
complement of eight golden umbrellas.
To carry a letter under an umoreua ib to
accord to it Royal honors m Burmah.
Eight golden umbrellas are properly
earned over a king s letter, and when
the Burmese authorities would not per
mit the umbrellas to be carried over the
governor-general's letter, acoordiug to
eustom, Major Phayre, the British
envoy to Burmah in 1855, insisted upon
the union jack being waved over it on
its way from the residency to the palace
R. G. SCROGGS. A. M., M. D.
Fhyslolan and Surgeon.
Special attention paid to
Operative Surgery and Treatment of Chronic
Office In rear of drag store nearly oppo
site the postouice.
Office hears I ram 1 ta (Mk afierea
WATCHMAKER, JEWELER AND OPTICA
Roaeonrs;, Orecon. (Opposite postorBce.)
DKALEB lit ;
Watches, Clocks & Jewelry. Spectacles
. AND EYEGLASSES.
Watches. Clocks and Jewelry carefully
repaired. All work warranted. Genuine
Brazilian Pebble spectacles and eyeglasses
a specialty. . - -
ongon avna Caurornla
TS3 QUICKEST, SAFEST AHD
1 STAGES; LEAVE ROEEBURQ :
Day at t-S F. at
MaklM sjahA eoawtkm at Beading with the
. For full particulars and passage apply to
n fiirin t r ir t a .v n a
Philadelphia. Auk. 21. William F. Gal
lagher, injurtd in the accident at May's land
ing, died at Pennsylvania hospital this morn
ing, and Patrick McCano, another victim,
died at the same place to-nigbt.
A Fatal Affray.
Mobkistowh, Tenn.. Aug. 21. A fight be
tween drunken men and city officers last
night resulted in the death of the town mar
ahal, James T. Morris, and Beo. F. Richard
son, and dangerous injury to Sheriff Loop.
Maciler at Pes tSotaea.
Dks Moimks. Auk. 22. A voudk man nam d
Patrick King was shot through the fUwuaab ,
to-night as be was escorting two young wo
men home. Several girls and a man named
Wallace were arrested. Wallace cuniitsea
tbe deed. . It is doubtful if King can recover
Prtae Klghurs. .
Nsw Vosk. Auk. 21. A disDatch was re
ceived at uolioe headquarters iu-tt before two
O'clock this morning to the etlect that a band
of prize fighters had just crossed the south
ierry from nroosiyn en route tor new Jersey.
Ibe police were warned to took for and ar-!
K.ltlm4 br tk Code.
Nos-roLE. Va.. Aug. 21 There is intense
excitement in tbe city and community over
tbe expected duel between Capt. James Baron
Ilope editor of tbe Norfolk Landmark a distin
guished writer and journalist and Col Wm.
Lamb, mayor of Norfolk, elector on the read-
juster Hancock and English electoral ticket
and a politician ol note. War ran 's nave been
issued for tbe arrest of both parties, bnt thus
far they have succeisfully eluded detection.
Col. Lamb left this city this afternoon by pti
vate conveyance and Capt. Hope cannot be
found. If a meeting bas not already taken
place to-night the duel will be fought early in
the ruorbiog. The immediate cause was a
card published by Lamb, Saturday, chars;
terizing a false a paragraph of an editorial
letter written by the editor of tbe Landmark.
Both gentlemen are of acknowledged cour
age. Col. Lamb commanded Fort Fisher
when it fell before Gen. Terry in 18C4, and
Capt. Hope has a distinguished reputation as
a poet and writer.
Tsm Duel Preveated.
Nobfolk, Va., Ang. 21. The duel between
Hope anu Mayor Lamb was prevented by tbe
arrest of tbe mayor .as he was lesving bis
house for the place of meeting at 4 o'clock
this morning He was taken before a magis
trate snd bound over in $20,000 bail to keep
tbe peace. Captain H jpe eluded the police
and reached the rendezvous He will return
to the city and give a bond to observe the
A Tragic Affair.
New Okleabs, Aog. 21. Edwin C. Mix, Jr.,
aged thirty-two. was killed to-day by the three
Derauce brothers, Ferdinand. Artnand and
Henry, eged twenty-five, twenty and eighteen
respectively. The Iterances were imprisoned.
They declare that Mix had flirted with their
young sister. Ailhoujih warned, be bad not
desisted, but continued to follow the young
lady. Mix, wtb bis brother. Franklin Mix,
went to the residence of the Derancea to ex
plain the matter, both unarmed. They
failed, however, to convince the Derances,
and when leaving were followed to the street,
where two of the brothers opened lire upon
Edwin C. Mix. He attempted to flee, but was
sbot down, wben Henry, the yonngestof the
Derauce brothers, ran up and stabbed him
several times with a dirk. Mix leaves a rife
and widowed mother. His brother Franklin,
who was presen st the killing, was on the
12th inst. married to a daughter of the late
Qen. Harry L Haves. Tbe Derances era the
sons of tbe late Dr. Henry Derance, one of
tne prominent physicians of this city.
Cobsicaha, La., Ang. 20. George Doran
was banged to-day for the murder of J .
Fitiiimmons, Jane 1. 1879. The execution
took place in tbe jail yard. Only those al
lowed by law were present. Tne prisoner
said that be would prefer to be shot or guillo
8t. Locis, Aug. 20. General G. B Weaver
arrived tete ibis evening from Arkansas,
where be made ten speeches. He will spesk
at Terra Haute to morrow, and go thence to
Washington, where be w II consult with
member ot tbe national committee. He
will go to B.ieion, where he will speak, and
tbeu itutup the entire state of Mai ire Aftr
that be will return to the south, going as fir
A Bsskur es Trial.
Nsw York, Ang. 21. The examination of
H.11JSO AUiger. an insurance broker, accused
of the negotiation of $100,000 of stolen Han
nibal is si Joe bonds, was contmned to-day.
There was a large attendance of Wall street
brokers. A sensation was caused by I'oll e
Inspector Barnes prefixing another charge
against Aliiger. In "February last tbe First
national bank of Westoort. Conn . was rob
bed of a large amount of securities, among
which were $11,000 belonging to Francis
Sherwood. These were traeed to the third
nat'onal bank, this city, where the iuspectnr
alleges that they were hypothecated by Al
Tne Brown and Jonstsoa Cam Paralleled,
New Yobk. Ang 21 Max Bevileer. a cot
lector, wbile walking along First avenue this
tventng. near rorty tiintb street, ase z.M
upon by two men, one tf abum se:zed lib
arms and the other rill-J bis pocket-book and
seizei bis wsxti and chain, nicy then threw
him into a gutter and tied Sevilger, who
was uninjured, cave chase when one of the
thieves discharged a tevolver at blm. Tbe
ball niisitd the otjtct intended and buried
Itself in the neck of Otto Scbwenger, 18 years
o;d, a butcher boy. The jouug man was
taken to tbe hospital where bis injury was
pronounced fatal. I he thieves escaped.
"Tba Animals Loom."
New York. Aug. 21. The steers used in
the lbte mock ball fights, broke loose t -otgbc
from Cti.lrsJ Park arena, at One Hundred and
Sixteenth street. Sheriff's officers were in
possession of tbe animals. Tbey tm through
the west side of tbe upper pint or the cny
The animals are aot yet captured . No dam
age was doue.
PoTTbViLLE. Auk. 21 The Kreenbackers nf
the 13;h district to-day nominated diaries X
Bramm for coneress.
MixwaCKib. Aue. 21 Democrats first dis
trict nomir sted Cnnton Babbitt for Congress.
Fkedebicksbcko, va. Aug. 21 Judge ueo.
T. Garrison has been nominated for Congress
by the democratic convention of the hrst dis
Leadville, Ang. 21. Tbe democratic state
ticket was completed by tbe following nomi
nations: Treasurer. Dr. A, Y.Hull: Audi
tor, Robert Q. Bray : Attorney General, John
C. Siullcup ; Superintendent or fuDlic in
struction, Dr. K. Crook ; Regent of State Uni
versify, Max Hermsn.
Bosros. Auk. 21. Fire in tbe rope walk
of Cbariestown navy yard to-night caused
ioea-ol S7U.UUU to the tuiKiioganu xaacntnery.
STABViaa BIOBX ICRBIOERMO.
Klabtaea Bsssna at and en re.U to Port
aesgBMasiaiDR hhh inn una.
Wabhiestoh, Aug. 20 Tbe wholesale sur
render of hitherto unsubmissive Sioux Indi
ans, wbo went into Canada, now taking
place at Fork Keceb. Montana, was not unex
pected, and the policy of the government
with reference thereto was decided upon long
before tbe Indians bgan to mtke their ap
pearance. Orders were tent t the depart
ment commander to permit tbe return ot sit
Indians willing to surrender unconditionally
and submit themselves and their property to
the disposition of this go rem ment. Tbe
Sioux snd other Indians coming into Fort
Keosh come virtual I V at prisoners of war.
They will be promptly disarmed and dis
mounted. Their arms and poni s will be
sold and the proceeds turned into provisions
for their temporary subsistence. Eventually
thev will be turned over to the interior de
partment and transported to some point on
tne west sme ot toe amjun nver ana as isr
sooth as possible, where they will be placed
on a reservation and keot there by suca
means of restraint as may be found necessary.
Tbe war department does not understand tbst
1800 or more Indians who have surrendered
or are on their way to surrender at Fort
Kcogb have acy other than merely nominal
connection with Sit log Bull. Tbey went
north at the same time be did, but have never
been to any extent under bi personal con
trol, and the movements and intention of
that chief an regarded by the deoaittaent
with indifference. If he chooses to corns in
and surrender, well and good ; if not, he
must stay on tbe Cantdmu side of tbe line.
The general of tbe army does not think Bit
ting Bull exerdtet or bss exercised sny im
portant influence over tbe Indians, from their
appearance in snob Urge nambers at tbe
agency.. Troops In the vicinity ar fully able
to check any hostile movement which might
take place, and disorderly conduct reported
is regsided by tbe war department as natural
lawlessness and turbulence of savages coming
in such large numbers, but without hostile
. - , Th Humbled Sioux. .
Wa8hitoh. Auk. 21. The dispatch which
was received at the war department from
General Miles, relative to tbe surrender of
uioux Indians, was read in tbe cabinet, not
excited no unusual comment. ' The general
expression of opinion, however, so far as it
went, beinK in lavor ot carrying out tne pol
icy already adopted in dealing with these
WASBiKOToa, Aug. 21. The war depart
ment to-day received the following telegram,
forwatded by General Hatch from Fort Bliss,
Auvrrr 18. IS).
Doctor Baminm renorts to me at 1U A M. titnt .
Vlclorlo's band ft In Merra De La Cardua, a'rfiut (W
mliei from hi Puo. Two Mtxicun were ki!..d by
Indians in tbe Peuria do Vaotarius niouutaiun
(.'ol. Villa baa roue to chihuahua. Nothiutf in
knowu of tbe whereabouts of Mi-xican irot-.
. torge Military Reservations.
New Yobk. Anz. 19 Tbe eeoeral land of
fice has prepared, in response to a re qtif-sr
from the public lands commissioners, a full
statement, giving the location, extent an I
islory of each military reservation locat d
upon pnblic lands of the United Stales. From
this ttaiement it appears that tbeie are re
served for this purpose 2,920,580 acres, located
in twenty-four states and territories. Tbe
largest amount in acy one is in Montana,
where the reservations segregate 830,936
acres, Fort A&siniboine alone embracing 704.-
000 acres. Dakota, including Fort Buford.
6,000 acres, a pait of which is in Montana.
as 085,339 acres: New Mexico. 218 0i: Wy
oming 210,255: Arizona. 197.053: Utah. 125.-
000; Ksntas, 92.910; Colorado, 79.970; NebMa
tHiSOO: WaebiUKtoo. 25.416: Nevada. 22.-
195; California,. 214 G21 ; Florida. 13015;
Michigan, 9317: Idaho. 9178: Oregon. 4578.
The 6thers are in am slier quantities.
The Question of Clilnesa Tonnage Dues
Considered la the Cabinet.
Washisotoh, Auk. 21. At a cabinet meet
ing to-day, the quett on of relieving Chinese
merchant vessels arriving at United States
pons from discriminating imposts now im
posed by taw, was considered at some length.
The members present quite generally favored
the removal of heavy tonnsge dues and cus
toms dutirs now levied against Chinese. Sec
retary Sherman expressed tbe opinion that
tne president should do this by issuing a
proclamation, as he is authorized by law to
do, and thus relieve the Cbinese merchants
from those discriminating duties. Attorney
General Devens, who representedJhe state de
partment in tbe cabinet as well as tbe depart
ment of justice, was not prepared to express
an opinion on the kubject, and desired time
to investigate it fully. Consequently, further
consideration wus postponed until next Tues
day, - -
BV ATLANTIC C1BLB.
Coaaervatlvea la Couacll.
Loudon, Aug. 21. A meeting of the con
servative members of tbe houses of lords and
commons was held at the Carlton club yester
day, to consider the state of public business
and biiis yet to come before the bouse of
lords, (strong ominous weie expressed
against considering important government
. -...... 1. a,..! I 1 : t : I : . 1
iuuhuicb suvu u vue euipiuyeni .iBUiiliy mu
hares snd rabbits hills at such a late neriod
of the session. I tiie general feeling was that
the bouse of lords ought not to consent to
deal with til bills yet remaining for ousijer
Death of Mrs. Chaa. Kaaa.
Losoo i. Aug. 21 The celebrated actress.
Mrs. Cbas. Kean t Ellen Tree) who retired from
the sUge on tbe death of her husband, is
Another ot the American's' Boats Res
LoKDoit. Aug 22 Lloyds' agent at St Vin
cent telegraphs under date of tbe 21st instant
that one of tbe missing boats conteining sev
en men and Gvebaesof mail matter from the
steamer American of the Cape of Good Hops
nd Southampton line, which foundered
April 28 b near the equator, was picked up
by tbe Portuguese brig Tarajo, and men and
mails lauded at Londa, Africa.
Royalty Shows Itself.
Portsmouth, Aug. 21. The queen, princess
Beatrice, the prince a 3d princei? of Wales
and prince Leopold inspected tbe rifle brigade
aboari tbe troopthip Jamrno before its depart
ure for Afghanistan to day. ureat enthus
iasm was shown by a large crowd of specta
The Catr to Receive Chinese an! Japan-
Beruh, Aug. 2L The czsr will rerive
Chinese and Japanese embassadors oo sj'D -
day at Kapsba, netr Krasa e.'ielo, where be is
now witnessing army maneuvers. This in
terview will vi.tuslly reopen Kuldja negotia
tions. rorvta IVegotlatlnx for Amerleaa fllfles.
Belqbade, Aug. 22. The Servian govern
ment is seeking 100,000 rifles of the newest
pattern io America, deliverable before tbe
end of this year.
Simla. Aug. 22. It is reported from Ouet-
tah that the Candahar garrison his made a
sortie ii nicting heavy loises on the Herats.
Tbe number of British casualties is unknown.
It is believed that the tribes north of Kbojok
pass cave collected to attacs commuuicitions
Gekeva. Aug 22 A journal published
here entitled the United St'itn of Europe -on
tains a letter trom Herr Buehi-r, a meu ber
of the Germsn Tarliiiticnt tn tie pri !nt of
toe international league o' ptraoe and i.ber y,
nd the piei.ie;,is reply thereto. llrrr
Buehler expresses the idea that in order to
di.-pel distrust f tbe Stfinan psonlc. to in
sure the preservation or peace, Frauce ought
spontaneojs:y to put forth a manifesto pro
nouncing cuany in favor of peace. Tbe
president replies that France cannot thus
ratify tbe conquest of AlFsce-Lorraine, and
moreover that sucti declaration on ber part
would be nntl m eriect, because Alsace-Lor
raine itself suout.i be ssked whether she de
sires to be G'imsn. French or autonomous
r ranee and Germany oaght to agree to accept
her answer to itiis a-estion as decisive The
president advises Herr Baeblerr to recom
mend tnis coarse to Prince Bismsrck.
erievaaeea of the Chnrch of Home!
Bohb, Aug. 20. In the consistory to-day
the pope pronounced his ailoniton. After
enumerating t'e grievances of the cburch in
Belgium, his h .lines declared that be was
quite prepared to siilfe. personal iusult in be
half of tbe hoiy see, but would never allow
the spostoiic dignity of tbe pa Die v to bs in-
suited, even though its defense might cost
nim nis life. He said that injuries to the
cuurcn were not limited to .Belgium, un
future occasion he would refer to some other
circumstances which were a source of sorrow
acd anguish to the church.
Viekxa, Aug. 21. A telegram from Bel
grade reports, that since Prince Milan's
tourney to Ischt, the resignation of M Ris-
tic's cabinet, baa become, inevitable and that
henceforth adhesion of Servia in a militiry
sense to the Austro-uerman alliance, is look
ed upon as settled. It is supposed, moreover,
tnat the new cabinet would meet sritb cer
tain readiness on tbe part of Austria to agree
to a treaty of commerce, which M. Ristio ap
pealed In vein to Austria to conclude, and
wnicn would incline tservia still toward A as
: Bucharest, Aug 21. Tbe minister of war
who is in Dobrundjl telegraphs that the dis
trict is very much disturbed. Troops have
annintiatea two companies of Bulgarian in
surgents, 200 of the insurgents being killed
x wo more batteries of artillery have been or
oerea to uooruuau.
LosroN, Aug. 21. The Aeim understands
that although Mr. Former's visit to Ireland
was undertaken for tbe purpose of inquiring
into the condition of the country, the govern
ment bas no reason to believe that the neces
sity exists, or is likely to arete, for any excep
tional legislation. Official reports do not in
dicate the probability of a material increase
oi agrarian crime
ot. rzTERS.oao, Aug 2i. There is no
doubt tbat Abdurabman Khan's assistance
toAyoobKbao bad notieea withdrawn st
tbe time of the recent British defeat. It is
learned from a good source that Bnssia bas
ordered communication to be made to Abdur
rahman Kban advising bim on no account
totnterlere with tbe Kogllsh withdrawal front
Cabul. if be does not observe these counsels
be will forteit the sympathy and good opin
juu oi nuasia.
Preparing; to Reals.
CoaSTAKTIltOPLK. Aug. 21 Orders hava
been given for the immediate repair of tbe
forts at the Black sea entrance to the Bue-
QtlETTA, Aug. 21. Gen. Pbavrs hat aenf
measeoger to Kyetala Ghilttri with a dispatch
giving Gen. Huberts details of the emamv'a
position at Candahar and a proposed plan lor
cumwufu action oeiween the two relieving
eoiamns. native reports sav that maov
Heratets and tribes men hare deserted Ayoob
Khan Because tuev wisbed to attack Oanda
bar immediately, whereas Ayoob refused on
tne grouou ne nan not enough scaling lad'
Simla. Aug. 21. General Stuart's bstd
qosners have been establuhed at Jellaiabad.
All M well with his command and the souo
try is quiet. According to information
brought by natives, General Kobertsoo, on his
way to the relief of Candahar. has passed
Gbnzene unopposed. Mahmed Jan and Has
bam Kban were hovering on his Hank. It is
stated tbat tribesmen being impatient, Ayoob
Kban bas resolved to make au assault on
Candahar before relief can arrive. General
Phayre has started t Khoj A to arrange for
an eariy advance from- the siuth to succor
Hnmonlh Park Races.
Mohmouih Park, Aug. 21. Sweepstakes,
i-hree-yeur olds, H miles, won by Grenada,
Edelweiss 2J; time. 2:48J.
Sweepstakes, all ages. 21 milts, won by
Ferida, Sarge 21 ; time, 4:13
Handicap sweepstakes, 1J miles, won by
Ui.i-48 One iinie(favortleJ2 l : tiuie, 2:161 ;
la. lung race, i mile, won by Gorbatu, Gos
f 2:; tune, 1:17. ...
tlai.d eop rteeple chase won bv Bertha.
Dandy 2J ; time. 5:09
Blazes won tbe three-Qoarter mile dash:
Spsrk (favorite), 2d; Strathspy, 3d. Time,
I7i. . .
Vara toga Races. -
SakatoqV, Aug. 21 The steeple cbeee. run
over tbe u-aal courje, was won by Dt-taib-
nie ; Goby, 2d. Time, 6:04
Don Spatlini! won tbe three-ouarter milo
dash t Piorence B. 24. Time, 1:10
Handicap 2t miles. General Phillius won :
Cammia V 2d ; time 3:52i Checkmate woa
tbe 11 mile Clarendon 2d ; time 2:141.
Facias; Bmtm at Bpitagfleld.
SrstttariBLD. Audi 21 Pacing race won bv
Rowdy Bi : Lucy I 2d Mstt e Hunter, 3d ;
me 2:17i. 2:17. 2:171. 2:194 . 2:174 Lucv
took the 3d;and 4th heats. There was great
excitement St the end of the 5th beat, when
Rowdy Boy won by a neck.
Lorlllard'a Horses again la America.
New Yobk, Aug. 22 Mr. P.i Lorillard's
orses arrived here to-day on the steamshio
Helvetia from Livi-rpool. Thev are five in
umber aud include Parole. Faiser.to and
THIS CHICAGO COMOI.AVB3.
Apuolutment of Officers tea Francisco
w laa on tho final Vote.
CmcAOO, Aug. 21. The following officers
of Knights Templar were appointed to-day :
tr Kev. Uli nton Lock, of Illinois, V. E G
Pre ; Sir H. P. Graves, ot California, V E. G.
ir B.; f-ir H. B Stoddard, of Texas. V. E. G.
;r B ; Sir J. B Bovden.of New Jersey, V. E.
W ; Sir S E Sheldon, of Ksnsas, V. E. G
G. Tbe decision tn hold tha tiait tri-an.
ial conclave in San Francisco was reached
without mncb dissent. St. Louis, Cincinnati
and New York were candidates for tbe hon
or, bnt when the report of tbe committee on
location was made, the only objection was
made by a New York kmgbt, who moved to
substitute New York for San Francisco. This
being promptly voted dowu. the report was
accepted with special unanimity, making ban
Francisco the place for the next conclave.
It Is stale t tbat the Califormans made two
propositions t uie kntguts. The hrst was
that California comnianderies would make
such arrangements that round trip tickets
buuld cuet every knight not over $20. Tbe
second proposition was that the Caliiornians
ould py all the fares between Omaha and
San Francisco, both coming and going. It is
stated by tbe coast delegation tbat uo positive
agreement hss been made, bnt the arrange
ments will be privates and satisfactory to ail
parties. Col Wm. Harney, of Han Francis
co, says that the chief difficulty was to com
bat a growing inclination to make Washing
ton City the headquarters and mettingfji all
future conclaves. Tnat the California people
were able to overcome this plan was credita
ble alike tj their d plornalic skill and gener
osity. One gentleman alone is sail to have
agreed to raise a million dullars io California
if the conclave would hold its session in San
Francisco. The Kentucky commaoderies in
acknowledgement of tbe profuse hospitality
ot tbe kmgbta from San rranenco during
their slay here, presented tbem with a silver
cask of choice old bouibon whisty.
Disaster la San Vraactaea Bay.
Sah Fbakcibco, Aug. 21. The
schooner Energetic, 17 tons. Captain Ollig
Konits, was capsized between Angel and
Goat Islands in 6 fathoms of water. The Cap
tain was drowned. Tbe vessel is keel up and
in line of river travel'. Tbe seamen were
Tho Mussel Blouan. Caere.
Demurrer to the indictments against the
Mu-saell slough settlers wss argued before
Judges Sawyer and Hoffman to day. It
enounced tbat a decision would be referred
in tbe matter at 2 P. M. Monday next.
Sam Rafael. Auk. 21. Tbe wife of V.
Wagner, suicided last night about 6 o'clock.
by banging herself with a bale rope in
woodshed on their ranch, about two miles
trom Baa Rafael. Wsgner is an old reiident
of ibis county. It is supposed tbat domestic
troubles had deranged Mrs. Wagner s mind.
Oboville. Aug. 21. A telephone message
from Strawberry valley. Yuba county, says
mat fast evening Uspt. wm. loulen. an old
resident and postmaster at that place, aged 70
years, committed suicide by placing tne muz
zie oi a shotgun in bis moutn and discharg
ing it, which blew the whole top of his head
on. jno cause is assigned for the act.
Bkmuia Ctl, Auj. 22 BerMe Rotchford
aged eight years, son of Mrs Perioe ot this
city while fishing yesterjay afieruoon fell
frjoi a wharf and was drovtied.
Mokterkt. Aug 22 A son of Pancho
Martini z of this place, eight years of age.
shot his little brother to-day. A large navy
pi-tol wss discharged accidentally, the ball
taking effect in his brother causing immediate
Tbe Virginia Mtnea.
VfKOIKIA. Nev. An?. 91 -Mininir statflmnnbi
(o-nignt contain tbe following: iheuon. va.
raised during tbe week 1035 tons of ore, av
eraging $24 43. Cal. raised 568 tons, assays
$31 71 Union says as to crosscuts, No. 1 ex
tended bas been 21 feet and No. 2. 13 feet.
Union bullion remaining in office. $55,443 88.
Sierra Nevada has extended the north drift
on the 2tu0 fout level 22 feet: total length
1114 feet. Tbe north drift 2500 level has been
extended 29 feet.
PORTIA 0 BKW'S.
Atlantic Citt, N. J Ang. 21 Boynton
ana ream began a swimming match to-day.
tne former to swim vt miles and tbe latter z
miles. The sea ib heavy.
Lateb Captain Boynton was defeated in
bii swimming match with George Fearn.
Fearn won by a long distance.
' Ham Ball.
BcrrALo, Aug. 21. Worcester 8. Buffalo
, F1HBS, ,..
The Oil Fire at Dallas.
Bradford. Auk. 21. The oli fire at Dallas
City is under complete control. Both the
Tide Water and United tanks bave homed
out. During one of tne oveirJows before
noon, buruiuK oil ran down tbe valley and
consumed two derricks and 'elling houses.
and a Uuited pump siatmn. The loss in
tanks and oil will be $05,000. aud wilt be
borne by a ecnerJ average ae?ment upon
all patrons of tbe Tide Water and United Pipe
flow It Feels to4;;-aCn.
When I gave up all hope in the water
I did not -suffer one pang of remorse
about my past life. 1 have always Deen
told tnat wnen a man is drowning ail nis
past life comes before him. and he suf
fers horrors of conscience. - It was not
so with rue. I thoucht of you. my dear
father and mother, and of yon all at
home, and what a sorrow the news of my
death would be to von all. and then,
strange to say, I thought how people do
lie. I have always been told that death
by drowning is the easiest death, and yet
here I am. sufferinflr atronies of pain, and
I remember wishing if I am to be
drowned let it be done quickly. Then I
thought, I am about to solve the prob
lem about the future world, and a felt
the same feeling of shyness and dread
come over me that I felt so often, and
never could conquer, when I was outside
a drawing -room door.' and about to be
ushered into the presence of a crowd of
... . . , , .
ladies and men. 1 bave been asxea n i
never thought about the sharks which in
fest the place,' I am thankful to say they
never entered into mr head. If I had re
membered them 1 feel sure I should have
gone down like a stone. Pkiiadelpkia
Time. -' t
Little Johny: "Mamma, can I give
Carlo this lnmn of susrar?" "No. mv
child, it spoils the teeth: eat it yourself,
A Rebel Reminiscence.
i In order to give anything like a
graphic account - of the escape from
Rock. Island Prison, which I am about
to relate), it will be necessary for me to
use the first person. Being in the pos
session of a small sum of money, I was
enabled to employ a "washerman," a
good-natured individual from the east
ern part of Kentucky. Among his col
lection of solid garments I one day dis
covered a Federal blue blouse, worn by
some of his patrons as a shirt. It must
be remembered that all articles of this
nature were taken away from the pris
oners when they first entered the prison.
Occasionally, as in this instance, such a
piece of dress, worn as underclothing,
escaped notice. It at once suggested
itself that a full Federal uniform might
be acquired by piecemeal, through the
agency of this washerman. A bargain
was struck with him. v The progress of
the growth of this uniform was watched
with an interest hard to describe. A
dingy old cap without a rim was hunted
down, a rim procured from seme other
quarter, and the whole on its reappear
ance from a regenerating baptism of
soapsuds was good enough for a holiday.
Button by button, patch by patch, the
uniform became complete. Of course
these articles had to be concealed very
carefully to escape the occasional and
irregular, but thorough searches made
by the authorities for contraband
How to utilize the uniform? A short
time before a prisoner had escaped in
citizen's clothing by walking unconcern
edly out, It was concluded to risk a
similar method only as a last resort. In
the meantime I provided myself with a
pass, with the forged signature of the
(Japtain and Commanding Colonel of the
forces outside. Thus equipped I con
eluded to conceal myself in an ambu
lance, or substitute myself for a sick man
when the sick were conveyed to the hos
pital, distant from the prison proper
seven hundred yards. As a rule a guard
was placed on the step behind. 1
watched the habits in this respect, and,
with trousers rolled up, cap in my pock
et and a blanket around me, to conceal
the colors I was sailing under, I followed
the ambulance from bivouac to bivouae
until the best opportunity presented
itself, that is, when the full complement
had been taken in, and they were ready
to drive off. The order to go was given,
and my friends lifted me in. I lay on
the floor, but not without the remon
strance of a sick and querulous fellow,
who said the ambulance was full. We
halt at the gate; a word passes, "All
right" sounds assuringly in my ears' and
the ponderous gates shut.
Here we are in a beautiful gravel road,
bowling along ; the guard keeps a
weather eye on us, but to my close ob
servation he occasionally gives his atten
tion to a fly on the horse, and while in
his pride he dexterously snapped one off
with his whip, tbe sick man from barrack
seventy-seven arises, but leaves his bed
behind, crouches on the bick Bteps, dons
his cap, and presently steps off into a
knott of federals, full forty yards away
from the hospital and a hundred from
"Hello yourself !"
"Won't you ride?"
It was an old farmer, with a covered
wagon. The bridge was a mile away.
We chatted pleasantly about the "
rebels," and I gave him in reply to his
many questions, a good deal of absurd
information. Finally, I professed to be
tired, and told him I would lie down
among his sacks in the wagon. I pre
tendod to sleep. The horses' hoofs sound
and the wheels rumble on the bridge.
He is stopped by the guard. A pleasant
word pusses, when he says: "I bave a
soldier inside, but he is asleep now."
"All right; never mind. Go ahead.
"Hello!" I say. "Are we across the
bridge? I want to get ont here," and
with thanks i dropped out, 1 remember,
from the tail-piece.
1 had the address of a certain lady in
the city of Bock Island, whose name it
may not be proper to mention even at
this tune. She bad been oi great service
to the prisoners and was in secret com
munication, it was said, witb a lew oi
them. The house was found without
difficulty after a short walk. The lady
responded in - person to my knock. I
presented my card. The reply- was
startling. Under some excitement sne
abused the Yankees for their survillance
over her, and their sending spies to en
trap her. She accused me of playing
that part. She had never helped the
Confederates. It was all false, etc. I
pleaded with her and protested; gave
names, but this any spy could do; l bad
no token; and no words wonld do. Yet
all this time she would occasionally re
lent and brush away a tear of pity
Finally she gave me food and $10 and I
was instructed to go to tbe next station
of the Chicago & Bock Island Railroad
and take the 7 p. m. train. My plan was
to go to an intersection of the road and
take a tram to iSloonungton, ill., where
I had friends.
I sank into a seat of the car, and when
I awoke from pleasant dreams it was late
at night, and I was informed tbat we had
passed the station. There was nothing
for it then but to continue on to Chicago.
for which all the money in hand except
$2 was paid out. A two-mile walk at
Chicago brought me to a hotel.- It was
1 o'clock at night. I sat by the stove,
dosed away industriously to keep off con
versation, wmcn was sometimes forced
upon me. The remaining was ap
plied to two enormous meals during the
day. I was in constant danger of arrest
as a deserting Federal soldier. I had to
get to Bloommgton, and that night, or
be without food or lodging, or fare worse.
I went to the depot. - la there none to
trust? Not a face that I peered into an
swered the question. I concluded to try
the engineer or bremau. lhey were
sorry ; could not let me ride on the ten
der or help them at stoking. The con
ductor referred me to the Provost Mar
shal of the city, who "would give me a
pass," etc. He wonld not let me go oth
erwise on any condition; pushed me off
the platform. The train was moving off.
All aboard! Tbe invitation was ac
cepted at once.
Mr plan was to get some one on the
train to pay my fare. After a turn or so
through the cars a benevolent-looking
gentleman was selected. Tne case was
explained to him. A Federal soldier,
an invalid, with a furlough from his
commanding officer, had left Rock Island
with the design of spending tbe Christmas
holidays with friends in Bloomibgton.
n.. " , r - -
Tne missnap ot missing coaneuuuua waa
stated. ' The gentleman regretted his in
ability, etc. In the meantime the forged
furlougn was examined by others, wno
were attracted by tne conversation.
Finally one gentleman a kindly, hut
profane good Samaritan said ne would
be if he wouldn't help a soldier who
had fought for his country. -This senti
ment was echoed around, and in a few
minutes $8 waa made up mora than
enough for the fare.
But the end was not yet. A knot
gathered around me, and I had to pass
an ordeal of questioning. I had assumed
the name of John Simpson. "John and
Samuel Simpson, brothers, cousins of
mine, had removed to Bloomington some
years before -the war, and invested is
land. This is all I knew definitely of
their surroundings. (These names of
real persons are fictitious here). One
man living in Bloomington asked; "In
what direction from Bloomington does
John Simpson live ?" Trusting to luck,
I answered "North. This was correct.
"How far V "About mile from the
' I place. I believe." "Correct." "How
far does Knox live from him ?" "About
half a mile." This was also correct. He
was satisfied. Another man objected to
the fact that my pass was signed by the
Colonel in red ink, but the furlough in
black. But the most formidable objec
tion came from a member of the Fourth
Illinois, the number I purported to be a
member of. "You sav vou bolone- to
Company C, Fourth Illinois?" "Yes. I
sir. Well, I belong to that command. I
and that is not the name of our Colnnnl'
and I don't know any such Captainl" "I
don't care, that's my company. Are you
cavalry or infantry?" "Infantry, the
Fourth Volunteers." "Oh! well. I be
long to the Fourth Reserve." That set
tled him. . The train sped along, ques
tions dropped off, and I feigned sleep,
with ears alert for the name of my sta
tion, Bloomington, anxious not to be
caught napping again.
With early morning I stepped into the
house of a relative in that little city. He
had not seen me since I was a child, but
he saw through mr disguise, and the
boyhood friend of my father clasped me
warmly to his bosom. In a few minutes
more I had shed my snake skin and was
changed into a citizen, and the federal
uniform was relegated to the fire. One
of my first cares was to send to my mess
mates a box of books and apples, the
federals still allowinir readincr matter at
least to reach them. In one of the sides
of the box a hole was bored with a gim-.
let, ana a long letter detailing my ad
ventures and success, with the news of
the day, was inserted. This had been
previously agreed upon, and when the
box had reached its destination it was
split up and the letter found and eagerly
read by my fellow prisoners. Subse
quent adventures before reaching Can
ada, it is not here necessary to describe.
Harerly's Singalar Audience,
At the invitation of Commissioners
Brennan and Hess, Haverly's negro min
strel troupe, numbering some nity per
sons, visited yesterday the public insti
tutions on Blackwell's Island. The band
of the troupe accompanied them, and
when the party arrived at the Charity
nospiuu serenaded tne patients from the
grounds outside. After passing through
the penitentiary the company came to
the Female Almshouse, where they
amused the paupers with solos and
choruses, passing on to confer a similar
blessing on the male paupers. At the
Workhouse the band again played sev
eral airs and performed some curious ev
olutions under the direction of the gor
geous drum-major, Bnhee. On the lawn
north of the Female Insane Asylum a
platform had been erected and seats
placed for about eight hundred of the
patients of that institution. After lunch
W0 female lunatics were marched into
the inclosure and seated with an order
and precision really admirable: After
an overture by the band, Jim Mcintosh
sang the "Silver Slipper," in the chorus
of which the entire troupe joined, play
ing on nones and on tin plates in lieu of
tambourines. This roused np many of
the audience who had before seemed
sunk in apathetic melancholia. Lewis
Brown sung "Little Blossom" to calm
them. Bangs followed with "Yes, 111
Meet You," the entire troupe joining in
the chorus with much effect. Then fol
lowed the amusing imitations of a steam
saw-mill, bas viol and steam-whistle by
Hunter, and the.VBogtown Sextet," de
lighted the audience greatly with comic
songs and comic antics. Wallace King,
the tenor, sang "Sally Horner." Ker
sands sang "Keep in the Middle of the
Koad and tbe "Uospel Baft." and then.
at the request of Mr. Brennan, the band
played "St. Patrick s Day in the Morn
ing." This seemed to delight the pa
tients immensely, nearly all of them
keeping time to the music with their
hands or feet, while many got np and
danced.- The entertainment was con
cluded by a grand walk around by the
entire troupe. Daring the entertain
ment tbe faces of the audience present
ed an interesting stndy. Some few be
came nndnly excited, but were promptly
and quietly led off without disturbing
the rest. It wrs easy to see that in near
ly all cases only pleasurable emotions
were excited; nearly all wore smiling
faces, and many laughed heartily at the
more amusing parts of the performance.
The physicians say that such entertain
ments are of great benefit to the patients.
dispelling the melancholia which afflicts
most of them. The minstrel troupe vol
unteered its services and the expenses of
the entertainment were met by Commis
sioners lirennan and Hess personally.
upon coming back to jyew lork yester
day the troupe stopped at Bellevue Hos
pital and entertained the patienta there
witb songs and music. J. x. World.
The Dollar Mark.
There are a number of theories for tbe
origin of the dollar mark. One is, tbat
it is a combination of the U. ., the mi
tials for the United States; another, that
it is a modification of the figure 8. the
dollar being formerly called "a piece of
eight," and designated by the character
8-8. The third theory is that it is a com
UU Till A 1 J V A I fl 1 m A '
bination of H. S., the mark of a Roman
unit: while the fourth is that it is a com
bination of P. and S., from the Spanish
peso duro, which signifies "hard dollar."
In Spanish accounts, peso is contracted
by writing the S. over the P. and placing
it alter tbe sum, The last theory of the
origin of the sign is offered by the editor
of the London Whitehall Review, who re
cently propounded the question at a din
ner party in that city, at which the Amer
ican Consul was present. As no one could
tell, the editor gave the following ex
planation: "It it taken from the Spanish
dollar, and the sign is to be found of
course in the associations of the Spanish
dollar. We littered the table with books
in the course of our researches, bnt I
proved my point in the end. On the re
verse of the Spanish dollar is a repre
sentation of the Pillar of Hercules, and
round fucli pillar is a scroll, with the in
scription. .'Pius ultra. This device, in
the course of time, has degenerated into
the sign which stands at present for
a ' 1 .
dmerictin, as vsu as opanisn oouars.
The scroll around the pillars, 1 take it,
reptesoat the two serpents sent by Juno
to destroy Hercules in bis cradle."
Never betray a confidence.
Never leave home with unkind words.
Never neglect tocall upon your friends.
Never laugh at the misfortunes of
Never give a promise that yon do not
Never fail to be punctual at the time
Kever make your self the hero of your
A ever fail to give a polite answer to a
Never question a child or servant about
Never refer to a gift you have made or
tavors yon nave rendered.
aever associate witb bad company
Have good company or none.
A ever appear to notice a scar, defor
mity or defect of any one present,
Never answer questions in general
company that bare been pnt to others,
vr -1 a i . .
rowed unless you hare permission to
at"" leau an article vou nave oor-
Never exhibit anger, or impatience, or
excitement when an accident happens.
Never pass between two persons who
are talking together without an apology.
Never enter a, room noisily; never
fail to close the door after you, Bud never
:. 'vTlse Farming.
I. O. Steele, in a recent address before
the Fescadero Orange, said:
We all know that the products of the
farm are greatly reduced in quantity and
quality by the system, or rather want of
system, generally practiced here. ; r We
have seen crops of oats and barley that
yielded seventy and hundred bushels
to the acre all along the coast in this
country; How is it now? The quantity
is reduced one-half, and the quality is
like the the quantity, minus. : The time
was wben the farmers in this section bad
time for recreation and money to spend.
now is it now? Mow much of the
present embarrassment of the farmers
shall we consider justly attributable to
tne deterionation of the soil? It seems
to me as a matter of self-interest (net to
mention patriotism) we are called upon
to not only maintain the fertility re
maining in the soil but te restore its
original productive power. How can we
The eomoost heap, riuhtl v nads and
its material properly applied in the pro-
auction of farm crops, is a never failing
bank of savings for the farmer; and
every farmer can and should have a
place to prepare plant food, and there
deposit stable and yard manure, straw,
weeds, night-soil, ashes, soot, soap suds,
beef and pork brine, old boots and shoes,
old clothes, dead animals, bones (pound
ed fine), hair, blood in short all waste
matter at hand, and to these should be
added swamp muck or peat from time to
time, if they can be had without too
much expense. Dead leaves of trees
should also be added where they are to
had.. The compost should be sheltered,
and sufficient water used on it to aid de
composition and prevent burning.
Suppose we cultivate half the quantity
-of land and devote the same amount of
labor and expense on it that we now do
on the whole and get the same amount
f produce? We would gain the use of
the other half for pasturage or meadow,
securing greater diversity in our farming
and a larger amount of plant food, to
maintain tbe fertility oi our land.
JNext to manuring comes rotation in
crops. There are but few crops that
should ever be planted two years in suc
cession oa tbe same land, for the reason
that a constant rotation will secure better
crops and is less exhausting to the soil.
Flax does nicely in this section new, but
it will soon fail if continually planted on
the same land. In the rotation of crops
the grasses or some forage plants must
occupy a prominent place. It is doubt
ful whether permanent prosperity in ag
riculture can be attained without the
cultivation of grass. To carelessly allow
weeds to take the place of grass is a per
nicious practice. Weeds are of little
value for any purpose, and their increase
in this country, if continued, will destroy
crops entirely. Grass can be made to
take the place of weeds, and is valuable
feed for stock, and a good fertilizer when
turned nnder. Here in our coast cli
mate we have perennial grasses that form
a good sod when allowed to do so, and
some of the best foreign grasses thrive
when sown. Mesquit, orchard grass and
New England rye grass I have tested.
and am satisfied they can be grown suc
cessfully here. I obtained a few roots of
the PanicumSpectabile and of the Milum
Multeflorum of Professor Hilgard last
spring, both of which are growing well,
and will, 1 think, be a valuable aoquisi-
sition to our forage plants. 1 believe we
can greatly improve our pastures, and
bave permanent meadows of grass in
stead of depending upon grain for hay.
I intended ta trv red nlnvor nnvt vaar.
Its great value as a fertilizer males it
very desirable. The most - natural feed
lor cattle, horses and sheep ia grass, and
with jts fertilizing qualities it is one of
the most important farm crops. Sand
wich Island pumpkins is a profitable
erop to raise for cattle and hog feed, and
leaves land in fine condition for a grain
crop. Peas is also a good crop for feed
and to mellow land.
The oare of domestic animals and
growing crops suitable for rotation, with
odd times devoted to the collection of
material for the compost heap, would di
vide farm labor- evenly through the year
and relieve it of the heavy strain at bar-
vest. Witb this system generally prac
ticed (and I believe we shall have to
adopt something like it whether we will
it or not some time) , the labor problem,
so far as the farmers are concerned.
would soon solve itself. The efficient
laborer would gain a home, and the farm
would ! relieved of the ruinous ex
pense of high-prieed, inferior help.
J Railroad or Railway, Which !
Should we aay and write "railroad or
'railway? A road, the dictionary in
forms us, is a place where one may ride;
an open way, track for travel. A way
is a generic thing (on the same author
ity), denoting any line lor passage or
conveyance. r A highway was originally
a way raised above the level, for dryness.
A road, says the dictionary, is strictly a
way lor Horses and carnages, in this
??J ? UJ1:
eountry, and apparently in England,
:"l Vu" I"!,
I VV ua u AS ABC IA SirnSB UUIUD SaLa' AIBI CI BUD DIB.
nificance of "open" and "public," and
when we speak of being "on the high
way we mean on tbe public and com
mon road. Bnt when we say "in my
way," or call to a person to "get out of
the way." (very rarely "road" in such
sense,) there appears to be a common
recognition of "way" as the more generic
word. But in use without a compound
ing word, "way" is rarely applied in the
sense of "road ;" thus we do not speak of
walking or riding along the "way,-" we
say "right of way," not "road;" nor is
"road" used except in "railroad," which
is the American term, as "railway" is the
English. A few roads we do not say
wavs which have Engliab ownersuip
or close connections, such as Erie and
Atlantic and Great Western, are. official
lv. railways, and this term is probably
making it "way" slowly. ; It has, how
ever, at least tho comparative disadvan
tae that as yet we are not accustomed to
ways ' as short lor railways, or to speax
of the "way-bed;" on the other hand
"war bas an advantaffe in net being
need to designate instruments of passage
by ordinary vehicles, some other iSng-
liah terms are better than our own ; for
example, "share" is better than "stock,"
the latter having several uses. The Eng
usb "coach, on rails, was obtained by
transfer of word as well as article, bnt it
is less expensive than our "car. So
CSr " OO
"stoker," although, correct, is rather lees wi or. ppi?lL TM kan;o 't' -idiomatic
than "IremaOwhich is made LTJtLV
by tbe same process with which children
torn the -coated "earner". into " let-
ter-man. The English "point" is cer-
tainly better than our "switch-' and
for the large wheel when used in connec-
tion with locomotive, is more exact than
"engineer," who is much more tuaa an
engine-driver. "Metals" would sound
-A. a 4.1 2 . a.. .-.. ,S- a m-wvi
uiuige "ere as u uewguatiuu v!
rails, and "line" would hardly escape de-
tection as foreign, in use for tbe r-a
or "war." There is. however, an Eng
lish-term so expressive, as applied tocap-
ital fixed in railways and manufacturing
enterprises, that it would be wen to na
nraliM 4fc . word "olant." Huch
capital mav or mar not prove frni u ui ,
vet all all the same it is withdra re
A cenllemnn the other day saw li:' lit-
do tie daughter dipping her doll's dre into
. 1 atin cud." and inquired: What art you
a44nonn anibnnired: Whatar you
doimrf mv daughter?" "I'm coloria t my
dolls drees red!" "What with?" " ft Hh
beer." "What put such a too..- a c ition
into vonr head, child? You
es. n t soior
red wita beer.
ny, t psn. ris: t a w
tna sail it ws
i s i x'- V
tr-r-r c . ! f
t to l--:-
a tin P"i-
doctor carried a gun, l :;;
flask of Scotch whisk
one catholic remedy. i;i
cuts, fevers, cold, or r er t'"a
At Harrisbursr t-y t .s i--V. :
express to Lock Haven, a cbefirral -
lumber town lying higU among the 1j
where they spent the u.y.'rt. Lr,y
the morning the doctor c-uleJ S-rh'
the window of .the inn wior. "
There is mv old frieh 1 Ilovea t
the spring wagon. I wr -'-3 for hiia
meat us. Haves is t' taLinet-nial
among the Xiitanv Mou; -s." , -
I am afraid this is a t ;?:-iSd w'
ness to which you are UUt: us, it
tor," said Saraa. -. . -"No cabiaet-mak;
adorned our Virginia CALicn." j
"Oh, the Pennsylvania spurs oi a
AllairhanieB are isms r.r.p:. &red '
those of Virginia or the Cro., jm. 11
verT nig are leveled on t- y?n will oi
serve, as if some ancient uuk.fi crog
Magog had set his broad foot on evet
peak, flattening them dosra. Elk at
McKeaa counties are tolerabl"av
but even there the yellow fsxm-hoasee
with green shutters and the big bara are
beginning to show themselves. A few
deer, bear, and foxes still hide up in the
fastnesses of the hills to which we are
going, but they are fast disappearing.
There are no wolves nor panthers, such
as we shall find in the higher ranges of
the Appalachian Mountains ia hotxn
Carolina and West Virginia. Every
county in Pennsylvania ia yoked down
to civilization by a 'pike and toll taxes."
1 m very glad to hear it, exclaimed
his wife. "And what society thill we
find, George?" V -
"Ion will not have a chance to study
any of the picturesque phases of huruaa
nature, of which you are found, I'm
afraid, my dear," said tbe 'doctor, anx
iously. "Plenty of half-savage bear
hunters and moonshiners in North Car
olina. "But the Dutoh r Scotch-Irish
farmer has taken possession of the most
solitary resources in the Pennsylvania
mountains outside of the mining dis
tricts. His wife has her patent churn
wud wringer, her parlor vrith hair-cloth
chairs, and photograph album on the ta
ble; his boy is at some cheap local col
lege, and his daughter drapes her cauco
polonaise by the latest fashion in the
But what kind of society is there?'
demanded his wife, impatiently.
"There is church, twice a month, sew
ing bees, and apple butter stirrings. The
older women seldom leave their kitchens
except to go to church. The wife of a
near Pennsylvania hul farmer is, per
haps, the hardest worked living being in -the
United States. But as for the girl,
schools and msgszinea, and a day or two
at the Exposition in 1876, hare leavened
the young people. The girl does not
make as good batter as her mother, but
she works tidies and decorates pickle-jars.
She has her lover, of course. He does
not bring her flowers or opera ticjM,
but a leg of mutton weekly from the
sheep his folks have killed. But there is
as fine an aroma of love in it as in the
costliest bouquet.'' -
Don t talk sudi nonsense to &st
said Mrs. Mulock, ihirpJjstiTZf
we come to these mountains for, I- won
der? If only to studV vulgar love-making
anoV tawdry aping of fashions, we
need not have left Aew lork."
"We are going to stndy nature, and I
am taking yon to Center and Clinton
counties, my dear," said the doctor,
meekly, "because the monzmUim there,
though lower than outers, in tbe range,
are more precipitous and picturesque
than any in the State. I can show you
there in miniature the peculiar features
of California scenery; the same effects cf
volcanio action on the hills, the st
sand deposits, and the canyons."
per' Magazine. , , . -
..... Sagacious Horses. .
Street ear horses have apparent! v a
very monotonous sort of life. Oca ii :y
is so much like another, tnat lute toe La
man animal under the same eendiur:,
it would seem that the faculties wcr., i
become deadened, and the slightest evi
dence of intelligence impossible. '! - s
is not much stimulus to mental ac'.,
in a life of plodding oa a stree t i -track,
and yet instances are ksv a
where horses bave taken a liyeiy is , -r i
in the road, the methods of ctxryi-" 1
the business, and especially that prd a
of it which involves their urns anaia t.
They have thought it all oat, asd L-,
i . . - . . . ... . ,
I- ; - ;
I KUDU 4b CUUOt ? "-. "" --- - -
tell how much work is required cf i' -,
each day, and when his day ends t -
achievement passes beyond the rai-r 4 '
in-tinnf.- and at--"' ? '
of mere animal instinct' and ; &."
plane of reason and intelligence. jre
r Arimmi tall marvelous SKJHOS Cf t ie
ih disnlared br the txdt
under their charee A driver on one t
the Fourteenth street cars is Rtrousiy tf
the pinion that horses know ho to
count. If this rather unusual statemeht
is questioned: " Well, if tbey dont,
how are you going to explain tM?" ac I
then he goes on to say that each car
makes nineteen trips per dsr. There are
four horses used, three making five tr.ps
and one four trips. At the end of eica
trip the car is driven into the stables and
then turned upon the tnmi ng table. Af
ter the ear is turned the horses are
changed, if it is the proper time, be!.;ra
the car starts back on tbe trip. At tie
end of the fifth trip, if for any ksacb
it is necessary to send the ear back, it i
almost impossible to get the horse out of
the stable. He holds bacic, resists, ant
it requires the united exertions of sev
eral men before the animal can be in
duced to -r-we The horse tis V"TVi
strict count of the trips, aEdkaows tu
he has finished his day's work and ought
to go to his stall. The same using occur
if the attempt is made to make the horsj
that has only four trips take an additional
one. " ' ; :
With the drivers and stablemen, wa
frequently witness such extusiaorm.
there is a firm belief in the mathem:; wl
ability of horses. ' The street car eii
also tell an interesting yarn boot t...
hill horse that works on use nia t. - x
New York avenne and H street. ,
I . . ' E. un - .
, , ,
Bu be Jto tSa huf to ,
ftianVwhen h. eome to t:. t v
-y rf 8te5,Pinsr te ... ,
AUU " a . '
TAT eK riwiA ffol hlA CHiT f".,'
rAllu. tj,;, wmrmAr Mi
mitrht be explained, but
i ,v t.OI.- ksows vt
Until tUt v-tre 1
- aii fcM rei f T f-
1 Kvaaese. - ,
mistake. Ore of t
tr. make a mistake.
explains it by the fix t tat i
has the horse in ba'-a lit :
the dash board, with !--t on -while
going up hill. l--t
ia going all the way to t .f
all the way in from t'. s f -'
The horse see tJ.at t
his lfgs in, instead f
the outside, an 1. by t
rif rtsonu.. 1 -c...
to go heme,
1 other horn) &
1 1 carina
for.r c t
t :'. -l i
- The doctor, wiib ti
passage for Earn
equipped for the moi; :
short flannel dresses, v
or two of gwd tea, ft"