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About The Douglas independent. (Roseburg, Or.) 187?-1885 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 21, 1878)
i, ! Senate.
v Washington, Dec 9.
The'TTanse resolution for investigation of
of the yellow fever epidemicwa agreed to. j
Garlaud submitted a resolution instructing
the committee on Indian affairs to inquire into
the expediency of revising the laws regulating
intercourse with Indian tribes in the Indian
territory; and to issue to the proper authori
ties of said tribes 4J per cent bonds in lieu of
all moneys held ia trust for them by the
Lnited States, except the educational funds or
payments dueTinder existiug treaties, with in
structions to the secretary of the treasury to
refer claims for adjudication to the court of
claims; agreed to.
. i .. ,.:.,.; '4 -
-.. V Hn.'
ruTcbard offered" a resolution for a recess
from the 21st of December to the 6th of Janu
ary: referred to the ommittee on ways and
Fort moved to suspend the rules and adopt
the resolution declaring the lesjal tender qual
ity of the silver dollar of 412J grains, shall be
maintained and enforced, and any discrimina
tion against it by any national bank, in refus
ing to receive it and treat it as legal money,
shall be deemed a defiance of the laws and
instructing the banking committee to report a
bill for the "withdrawal of the circulating
notes of the bank so offending; defeated.
Yeas 150, nays 89; net two thirds.
Chalmers moved to suspend the rules and
pass a bill prohibiting contributions from offi
cers of the government for use in elections,
but it went over without action. ; .
On motion, the Cly mer resolution was adopt
ed, declaring that Congress shall take part in
the services to bo held in honor of the memory
of the late. Professor Joseph Henry on the loth
of January next, i ; - v.
Young offered a resolution for the appoint
ment oi a committee of nine members to in
vestigate methods of preventing the introduc
tion and spread of epidemic diseases; adopted.
Townsend of Illinois offered a resolution re
citing he rules recently established in regard
to silver dollars, and inquiring of the secretary
of the treasury whether the department has
acquiesced in and is to be governed by them;
Also, a resolution instructing the judiciary
committee to consider and . report whether
national banks which took part in such con
spiracy had forfeited their charters; referred.
- Rent. ' '
. Washington, Dec. 10.
- Booth pre tinted a memorial of Boss,
Dempster & Co., Pope & Talbot and 25
outer merchants ol aan irancisco, praying
lor legislation to authorize tho payment of
war premium claims ont of the balance of
the Geneva award. He also presented a
memorial of Gov.. Downey and fifty other
citizens of Los Angeles and vicinity against
the adoption of - the proposed commercial
treaty with Franee, ' affecting the present
' rates of duties on imported wines . and
brandies. . .; ;
Spencer, from the committee on military
affairs, reported favorably to the Senate a
bill authorizing Dr. Junius Powell to be Ap
pointed assistant surgeon in the U. S. ; army.
On explanation of the bill he said that Pow
ell had rendered services as assistant sur
geon, but could not be regularly appointed
because he served in the confederate army
when n minor. -
During the debate Beck gave notice that
he would to-morrow introduce a bill to re
peal Bection 1,218 of the revised statutes,
wuicb piuviues mat --no person ,.."0 nas
served in any capacity in the military, naval
or civil service of the so-called confederate
States in insurrection, during the late rebel
lion, should be appointed to any position in
the army of the United States.'
The bill was read the third time and pass
ed. Yea, 39, nays 21.
Wallace introduced a bill to authorize the
exchange of subsidiary coin for trade dollars;
' referred. The bill .provides that subsidiary
twins shall be exchanged for trade dollars at
the rate of one hundred cents for each of
said dollars, and they shall forthwith be re
coined to subsidiary coin and the gain, if
any be, made, may be' used, by the secretary
of the treasury to pay the expense of send
ing the subsidiary coin to such , persons or
- banks as may desire the same in exchange
for other bonds. Coinage of trade dollars
shall cease from and after the passage of this
At the expiration of the morning hour
1 consideration was resumed of the bill relat
ing to presidential elections, and Morgan
made a speech favoring the measure.
After the debate, the Senate held a brief
executive session ' and adjourned till to
Bills were introduced by Vance of North
Carolina, to repeal the C. b. electoral super
visors law. .," ' . ' ,
By Atkina To make minor or subsidiary
coins a legal tender for all debts due the gov
ernment, inducting customs dues.
By Burchardt Kequiring, national . bank
ing associations to reeeive legal tender coins
on deposit at par for Lnited States and na
tional bank notes, and also directing the U
S. treasurer to receive coin of the United
States in exchange for United States notes.
- By Cummings To -provide lor redemp
tion of subsidiary coin of the United States
and for their reissue.
By Pasre To enforce the. 14th and 15th
amendments to the constitution, i
Wood, from the committee on ways and
means, reported a hill to authorize the .issue
of certificates of deposit to aid the refunding
of thevpuhlic ; debt;: recommitted. Also a
resolution distributing the President's mes-
mnge among various committees; adopted,
The House then went into a committee of
the whole on the naval appropriation bill.
Clymer explained that it was substantially
the bill of last year, as it becande a law. The
estimates of tha secretary of navy had only
been about $40,000 greater than last year's
appropriation. The committee on appropri
ations had been -able, without detriment to
the service and with the concurrence of the
department, to reduce the amount asked for
1 by $133,134. The f appropriation of - last
year had been $14,151,601, and the bill
recommended $14,018,469. -
Not a single amendment was offered' to the
bill, and the committee reported it to the
uonse ana u wastnereupon passed.
A resolution was passed to pay the widow
of the late Representative from Nebraska
(Air. Welch) the pay of a member to the end
of Congress. - . .
The Speaker laid before the House the re
quest of the Senate that it be furnished with
a copy of Jaa. E. Anderson's testimony re
lating to Senator Matthews, and on motion
of Potter, the request was complied with.
The speaker announced as a committee to
inquire into the causes of the yellow fever,
epidemic Young, Gibson, Goode Hartridge,
Morse, Garfield, Harmer and Chittenden.
The speaker also announced appointments
to fill vacancies in committees.
The House then went into committee of
the whole, Springer in the chair, on tho con
sular and diplomatic appropriations bill.
On motion of Hale, the salary of ministers i
tq England, France, Germany and ltussia j
reported in the bill at $15,000, was, by a j
vote of 98 to 91, put back to the present
figure of $17,500. An amendment to increase
the salary of ministers to Spain, Austria,
Italy, Brazil, Mexico, Japan and China from
$10,000 to $12,000 was defeated. Likewise
an amendment providing for ministers to
Belgium and the Netherlands.
The consideration of the bill having been
concluded in committee of the whole, the
house passed the bill after striking out the
. amendment agreed to in the committee de
creasing the salaries of ministers to Great
Britain, France, Germany and Eussiu.
- Washington, Dec. 11.
Windom reported the fortification appro
priation bill and gave notice that he would
call it up to-morrow.
Beck introduced a bill for a repeal df the
section of the revised statues which prohibits
the appointment to the army any person who
served under the confederate . government;
laid on the table for the present.
Ferry introduced a bill to fix the salary of
persons in the railway mail service; referred.
Merriman submitted a 'resolution calling
upon the secretary of war as to the arms and
equipments issued to officers of the treasury
and internal departments and department of
justice; where such arms are now, and whether
any of them have been sold; agreed to.
On motion of Hamlin the Senate proceeded
to the consideration of the resolution submit
ted by Blaine, in regard to inquiry as to
whether at the recent elections the constitu
tional rights of American citizens-were vio
lated. .; ... . h
Blaine said he offered pending the resolu
tion: First To place ou record in definite
and authentic form, the fraud and outrages
by which some recent elections were carried
by the Democratic party in the Southern
States. Second To find if there be any
method by which a repetition of these crimes
against free ballot may be prevented.
Debate followed and was participated in by
Thurman, Lamar. Edmunds and Blaine. The
debate between Lamar, Edmunds and Blaine
was characterized by a good many personal
1 Tiie resolution was finally laid aside, and
consideration resumed of a bill to tamend the
Windom, from the appropriation committee,
reported , with amendments, the military
academy bill; placed on the calender.
The pension appropriation bill was reported,
referred and maue a special order for to-morrow
A. bill, reported last year from committee
on commerce, to regulate inter-State commerce
and prevent discrimination by common car
riers, was taken up and discussed.
- The bill makes it unlawful for persons en
gaged in transporting property by railroad
from one State to another,- or to and from any
foreign country, to discriminate against any
persous in the price charged. It prevents pool
ing of freight, combinations and drawbacks.
' Beagan explained and advocated the bill.
Potter opposed ir, as being superfluous and
Townsend of Illinois, advocated the bill.
The combination of trunk hues had recently
increased the cost of transportation on Wheat I
from St. Louis to New York 8 or 9 cents per
bushel. Farmers of the west who anticipated
higher prices for their wheat have been in
jured thereby. It was as much in the inter
est of those living at terminal as at interme
diate points. Every western producer -was
interested in having the strong band of gov
ernment to prevent monopolies levying taxes
on producers. . - -'
Phillips of Kansas favored some parts of
the bill and opposed others; railroads should
be permitted to carry great quantities of
freight cheaper than small.
Cannon said he favored the provision
against pooling, but not for the sestion pro
hibiting a reduction in the rate for long dis
' Hewitt said it was an unwise measure. An
inter-State commission of experts was a proper
remedy for grevious existing abuses, which de
manded careful attention from all those who
wished t3 develope a great foreign trade that
is pulling the country out of the quagmire
into which bad financial legislation has plung
ed it The bill then passed 1S9 to 110.
' The House took up the Geneva award bill
Washington, Dec. 12.
Anthony called up Senate bill atnhorizing
the public printer to print papers and docu
ments for senators, representatives and dele
gates in Congress upon the cost and 10 per
cent, additional; passed.
Windom called up the fortification appro
priation bill. Amendments of the committee,
increasing the appropriation for armament
of the sea coast fortifications from $125,000
to $2o0,000r and for the preservation and
repair of fortifications from $100,00 to $200,
000, were agreed to and the bill then passed.
A brief discussion as to the order of busi
ness resulted in an- agreement that the vote
on Edmund's bill, in regard to counting the
electoral vote, be taken to-morrow.
The bill from the House to correct the en
rollment in the sundry civil appropriation
bill of last year in regard to the Hot Springs
reservation in Arkansas, passed without
Wood offered a resolution directing inquiry
into the conduct of the chief supervisor of
election, Davenport at the last election in
New ..York, and its consideration was post
poned till to-morrow. The allegation is that
Davenport was guilty of illegal, unjust and
oppressive exercise of pretend authority-in
causing the arrest, detention and imprison
ment of citizens innocent of offense, by
which he deprived them of the right to vote,
and subjected them to indignity; insult and
intimidation without warrant of law or justifi
cation, which arrests have been declared il
legal by U. S. judges. . ' ; , 1
A resolution was adopted ordering recess
from December 2Uth to January but.
r .Washington, Dec. 13;
The bills introduced and' referred included
By Plum To provide for the temporary in
crease ot the army in: an emergency.
By Coukling (by request) To amend the
laws relating to pensions. This' Ijill concerns
the fees of attorneys. ' It is claimed thr.t the
present regulations prevents those entitled to
pensions securing the services of respectable
attorneys.; a ' .:,)
Morrill, from the committee on finance, re
ported favorably on the Senate bill to author
ize duplicates of register-id land stolen from
the Manhattan Saviugs i Institution, of New
1 ork city; passed. : :. . ; .". T-f
Gordon introduced a bill to secure more ef
ficint collection of revenue from cigars; re
At the expiration of the morning hour con
sideration was resumed of the bill in regard to
the count of the electoral vote, and Bayaid
spoKe in its tavor.
. House resolution looking to the investiga
tion of the official conduct of J. I. Davenport
V. 8. supervisor of elections at ftew 1 ofk,
was adopted without objection after ' being
amended so as to make the investigation' ex.
tend to his conduct on election days. '
Beck called up the House bill to repeal so
much of the civil sundry appropriation bill
for the present hscalyear as appropriates to C.
J. Byrett, late Indian agent at the Ponco
agency, $32,505, and moved that it be referred
to the committee on appropriations. :
Blaine's election resolutions passed; yeas 35
nays 26. .,- .- - " ' ? v
Blaine moved to take up the resolution sub
mitted bv him on the first day of the session
in regard to citizens being deprived of their
constitutional rights so that it would be un
finished business on Monday.
Wadleigh objected, and said senate bill to
reviso and consolidate statutes relating to
patents had the precedence.
Blaine said if his resolution was to pass, it
was important that it be passed before the
Wadleigh said the resolution would lead to
discussion while the patent bill would not.
Blame said that Senator adleigh did not
know that the resolution would provoke dis
Wadleigh moved to adjourn.
I ! . i.i J 1.. .. I, , -H P.ntik.
lican side raised an objection and called for
yeas and nays.
lhe motion to adjourn was agreed to; yeas
34: nava (: Bon'th. Davis of Illinois. IliL'alla
and Wadleigh voting with the Democrats in
the affirmative. Adjourned till Monday.
llonne. . "' ' 1 '
and canals, reported a bill to authorize the"
Washington, Cincinnati and St. Louis railway
Co. - 'fcn ann af.rn ft. a t rriar rrn a era ni 1 mail
from tide watr to St Louis and Chicago; re-
coroiruuea, i ;
t erred to the sweeping charges made in the
public press against members of the committee
on enrolled bills for drunkenness at the close
of the last
chargea as unqualifiedly false, and nied atate-
uw Hum me spe&Ker ana otner omcera of
vuo xiuuto in support ot bis remark. ? i
The bills nn ihn ruaat?AWa At.. :
-w e iMwo BlUUC hIlt?
last session ware taken up and referred to
wumawta except, wnere objections were
made, as was ths . with - v,;n u
uiu w ccyvcu blJU
resumption act. and a bill to extend .the time
vv-uwyvMuu ui tuc a urvuerxi iraciuc rail
road. Thesebilla remain on the speaker's
ThO COmmiffrA An Atnlma mhai4J
originally introduced by Philips, pf Kansas,
amending an act matincr
lor the service of the government for the
fiscal year ending June 30, 1372 passed, It
includes ii the settlements provided for in
that bill, all accounts for laborers, etc., em
ployed by the government between the 19th
of May, 1809, and the date when full pay
ment was commenced for 8 hours' work, by
the act of May 6th, when it shall be made
to appear that the reduction in hours' labor
wrs the cause of a reduction in wages.
The House then went into committee of
the whole on the private calendar., : ;'
. The first bill on the calendar was a bill for
reimbursing the college of W illiam and Mary
for property destroyed during the late war.
Eeefer opposed the passage of the bill,
saying that he did so without any desire or
intent of - keeping ill will engendered by the
lati? war though the fact should not be lost
sight of, that the college was destroyed by a
war brought oij in part by its own teachings,
and that no record showed that a single stu
dent in that institution had entered the
Union army. He opposed it because there
was no legal ground for the payment of the
claim ami denied that there wHs any prece
dent for such payment.
, Eden would not vote for the bill because
it might establish a precedent. ,
The committee then rose without action.
Wilson, of West Virginia introduced a bill
making the trade dollar a legal tender; re
ferred. .r ; ' ' . ':
Gibson introduced a joint resolution giv
ing notice to terminate the convention of
June, 1S75 with the king of Hawaiian islands;
- . Washjsgtos, Dec. 14"
Sparks, from the committee on appropria
tions, reported be Indian appropriation bill
which was made a special order lor weducs
dav next. -
Durham from the same committee reported
military academy appropriation bill with Sen
ate amendments, which with trivial exceptions
was non-concurred in.
PhiliDS submitted resolution reciting the
recent Indian raids in Kansas and AebrasHa
and the capture of the marauders, and calling
on the secretary ot tne interior lor lniormaiiou
as to why he had not surrendered the guilty
and responsible parties and such Indian bands
to tne autuorn-ies oi ivaiisas anu i.eorasa
Senate bill to reculate presidential elections
was taken from the speaker s table and inter
red to a committee on the subject. Adjourned.
Washington, Dec 16.
A number of bills were introduced during
the mornine hour and referred.
Conk line submitted a resolution instructing
tne couiunt&ee on mulctary iaj cammo luw
the expediency of repealing all laws for the
compensation by lees ot U. a. attorneys and
substituting hxed salaries; agreed to.
Beck submitted a resolution that the secre
tary of the treasury appear in person on Wed
nesuav next and tntorm - the senate what
reason, if any, he has for failing to answer the
resolution of the 6d of lecember lS7o, in re
gard to the amount of silver coin received for
custom dues, and wnetner ne naa applied, it,
or any part of it, to the payment of interest
on the bom la and notes of the United States",
and if not applied, to state the reason why.
After a brief debate the resolution was laid over.
At the expiration of the morning business
the resolution of filaine in retrard to tne
elections in the South were taken up. Af
ter a brief colloquy the amendment of
Thurman was agreed to without division.
- Coukling - submitted an amendment to
have-the investigation made by a special
committee of nine senators, instead of the ju
diciary committee; agreed to; yeas 34, nays '19.
Butler submitted an amendment to have
the investigation conducted with open doors;
rejected alter amendment yeas M; nays.-U.
Davis, ot W est ireinia, renewed in
another shape the amendment of- Butler,
requiring the committee to sit with open
doors, and Bayard spoke in favor thereof.
saying that the resolution ami all amend
ments had thus far been acted ou with unani
mity and he hoped it would continue in re
card to this amendment, there was some-
thins un-American in this secret inquisition
A bill appropriating 150,000 for deficiency
in. railroad mail transpoitatiou was reported
from the committee en appropriations. The
bill will be acted onto-morrow. ' A. ;
Chalmers moved to suspend the rules and
pass the bill making it a penal offense for any
officer, agent or contracter of the United
States to inter-meddle with , the elections of
members of Congress or of president,, bv con
tributions of money or fey use or abuse of otfi
cial privelefte, or by bribes, threats, influence.
etc. ; and also to make it a penal offense to
solicit or receive contributions for election
purposes from persons in the employ of gov
ernment. Rejected, veas 132, nays 103; not
the necessary two-thirds in the affirmative,
Republicans voted no. Democrats aye. Kel
lev of Pennsylvania, voted with the Demo
crats. ' '
Sponge Fishing1 in Bahamas.
A correspondent of the New Haven
(Con.) Register says: When a vsse;
arrives at the tehing ( ground it is an
chored and the men in small boats pro
ceed to look for sponges in ' the water
below. The -water is a beautiful lisht
blue in color,' and so -'clear that av six
pence can easily be seen on the white
sand bottom in thirty-five feet and forty
feet of water. Of course when there is
no wind, the surface of the water is still,
the sponges are easily sn, but when a
gentle breeze is blowing a "sea-glass" is
used. A sea-glass consists of- a square
pine box about twenty inches m length,
with a pane of glass about ten by twelve
inches, placed in one end water tigat.
fo use it the glass end is thrust into the
water, and the face of the operator is
placed close to the other end. By this
means the wave motions of the waves
are overcome, and the bottom readily
seen. Sponges, when seen on the bot
tom attached to the coral rocks, look
like a big black bunch. They are pulled
off their natuial beds by forked hooks
which are run down under the sponge,
which is formed like the head of a cab-
bagn, and roots pulled from the rocks.
When brought to the surface it it
mass of soft, glutinuous stuff, which to
touch feels like softrsoap or jelly. When
a small boat-load is obtained they.
taken upon the shore, where a crawl is
built in which they are placed to die, so
that the jelly substance will readily sep
arate from tho firm fibre of the sponge.
These crawls are built by sticking pieces
of brush into the sand out of the water,
large enough to contain the catch. It
takes from live to six days for the insects
to die, when the sponges are beaten with
small sticks, and the black, glutinous
substance falls off, leaving the sponge
after a thorough washing, ready for mar
ket. To the fisherman generally the oc
cupation is not a very lucrative
one. I am told that the wages will
hardly average three dollars per week.
besides board. There is tut Jiuie aiv
ing' Cpr sponges, except for a particularly
fine "bunch which '"cannot easily be got
with the hook. The sponge is formed
hv email insects, and is the hive in
which they live. Different qualities are
found growing side by side, although in
certain regions the finer and more valu
able sponges are found.
Mothers whip their children in Glou
cester just as the fishermen are weigh
ing anchor. This allows the men to go
to sea bfore a spanking breeze.
In a certain street are three tailors.
The first to Bt up shop hong out this
sign: "Here is the best tailor in this
town." The next put " up: "Here is
the best tailor in the world." The third
simply had this: "Here is the best
tailor in this street n
A Big: Care.
Virginia, which . has heretofore been
called and regarded herself as the Mother
of Presidents, will hereafter be known
as the Mother of Caves. An unscientifiic
but wonder:stricken writer sends to the
New York Herald an account of three
young men, who were out prospecting for
caves, who dug and developed a rabbit-
hole until they passed into a subterra
nean realm as big as the city of New
York, and architecturally almost asjsplen
did, and eoataining-in -its-stately halls
petrified men and skeletons, like those
wonderful clay figures recently brought
to light in Gramercy Park wich were
so petrified that they never received any
of the cipher dispatches showered on
them from Florida and South Carolina,
and answered all of them unconsciously.
Luray is in Page countv, . yirginia,
and this cave opens in a small hill, a
spur of the Messanutten ranga After
entering through a low and narrow passage-way,
descending a few feet tha vis
itor finds himself La a chamber, perhaps
1UU leet square and 4U teet high. - The
ceiling is of smooth limestone, the walls
ara of stone of every conceivable color.
with aU kinds of fluting and columns,
and at the far end are gigantic columns,
rising from floor to ceiling, and arching
over like oak trees. , The wonder of this
room is thus described : v . ; :
"In the centre, facing the entrance and
imbedded in the rock of the floor, is a
double figure, as of two persons clasped in
each other s arms and m a stooping pos
ture. The features of one though indis
tinct, would seem to be those of an Wd
woman. The other! face appears to be
pressed closely to the body of the first:
the limbs are distinctly visible, as also
parts of the arms. Whether they are the
petrified remains of human beings or
whether figures roundly carved out of
stone is hard to telL 4 Certain it is thai
they do not belong to the natural forma
tion of the cave."
The traveler then passes into a room
which is a fac simile of an old ltoraan
chajel, supported on all sides by Corin
thian columns of bronze, and blue, and
white, with a ceiling of buff. The feature
of this "old Roman chapel" is a modern
organ, with all pipes. Leaving the chapel
by a large hall, the visitor comes into an
imperial chamber, most brilliant in color,
and dazzling with stalactites than any
before seen. Here on a lateral shell is the
figure of a man as if seated on a chair,
with the profile of Napoleon L There
is also the, image of. au eagle with ex
tended wings, and there are two anvils.
Beyond this is a chamber containing a
Lath, five feet wide. ,
Having passed the blacksmith shop,
and the chapel and the path, of course
we come to a great theatre :
"On every side of us were beautiful
white columns and pillars, looking as if
they had been sculptured from the whit
est marble. A few steps further brought
us into the auditorium of the theatre.
I all my life I never sa a grander struc
ture above ground. Three tiers of gal
leries seemed to stand out before us; we
seemed to be in the orchestra circle, with
the pit at our rect Where the stage1
should have been a dark pall seemed to
obscure the scene. It looked terribly
grand. We could not help recalling
those powerful and beautiful lines of Poe
on "The WTorm" "Once upon a. gala
night," etc. "Moving around our so
called theatre, we selected a different po
sition, and, holding our candles near each
other, a scene of unparalled brilliancy
seemed to burst upon it. From every
corner and crevice of this chamber
vparkled the hues of the rainbow,
masses of diamonds, clusters of rubies,
emeralds, saphires, dazzled our eyes,
while blue and buff colonnades, moulds
of silver and bronze, huge cloisters, of
icicles, some twenty feet in length, ap
peared, and again the front of an organ
nearly as large as the great organ at
the Centennial. Striking the slabs with
my cane the most melodious sounds
came; from them and echoed and re
echoed through the "hundreds of small
chambers contained in the cave."
The next find is of more human in
terest. The writer describes it : .
the chamber we walked
a brilliant corridor and found
ourselves in a room with a low ceiling
and less brilliant than some others, and
here, somewhat to our horror, and great
ly to our surprise, our candles flasher
upon the perfect petrified skeleton of a
man m kneeling posture, with his head
thrown back as if he had died in agony
and in prayer. Several medical gentle
men havt examined it and have come to
the conclusion-that it must have been
there for centuries. That it is the skel
eton of a man there is no doubt; it is
perfectly formed throughout, the knees
have grown to the rock in the floor."
We have no doubt ourselves that this
is the Old Line Whig who has been so
long missing in the South.
Leaving the skeleton and crossing in
a boat a lake, the explorers came to
"Here we disembarked, and walking
through a long corridor, found ourselves
in probably the most immense chamber
in the world. The proprietors have en
dcavored to measure it in a rough way.
and find it covers an area of. at least 11
acres, but this may be a low estimate,
We renewed our candles and walked
through it for several hours, and yet did
not see .. the half ef it From this
chamber, as far as discovered, there aie
a dozen outlets at least, leading in as
many dmerent directibns. I will not
attempt a description of it in this letter,
as it would take up too much of your
valuable space. I will only say in mag
nificance -it far surpasses any of the
rooms I have described. Where the ex
plorations will end it is hard to tell, as
there may be miles of subterranean
chambers connecting with these still un
explored. After finishing some neces
sary work about the parts already dis
covered, the owners intend making vig
orous researches in every direction. No
doubt thousands of objects of interest
are yet undiscovered. Many persons are
of the opinion that this cave was the
dwelling place of human beings centur
ies ago, and that other skeletons and rel
ics will be found upon thorough exami
nation. In the knowledge of the old
est inhabitants now living in this section
no such cave existed in their time or was
spoken of by their ancestors." :
We suggest that the enterprising pro-
n.-.etors oi tnis great noie ao not ais-
cover any - more until tne public has
taken in this.
A noisy fellow annoys a fellow.
The Moderate Use of AkohoL
Just now, when the so-called temper
ance agitation is so animated, here,the ap
pearance of threts remarkable articles on
the alcohol question in the November
number of the Contemporary Review is
a most timely' incident These articles
are contributed by three distinguished
English medical men Sir James Paget,
the eminent surgeon; Dr. T. Lander
Bran ton, who succeeded the late Dr.
Anstie as editor or the Practitioner, and
Dri Albert J. Bernays. The authors
agree in recommending moderation in
the use of alcohol rather than total ab
stinence. :- -J! '"rv; "'. .
There is no doubt whatever that total
abstinence from alcoholic drink is im
peratively necessary in some cases. " : As
Dr. Brunton says, there are certain per
sons on whom the smallest quantity of
alcohol seems to act like the taste cf
blood on a tiger. Such men must ab
stain absolutely. To them alcohol is
simply a poison. Moreover, it is also
wise for those to abstain whose imme
diate ancestors have" been given to over
indulgence in strong drink. The abuse
of alcohol is universally condemned by
all intelligent persons, and any course
which will inevitably or probably lead to
it ought to be avoided, i. In such cases as
we have mentioned, 'where, if -a man
drinks at alh he is likely if not sure to
become a drunkard, all use of alcohol
should be forbidden. But the total ab
stinence agitators go much further, and
insist that grave injury, physical ' and
moral, necessarily follows any use of al
cohol whatever. ' ' '
This is not the opinion of these nied
ical practitioners. They advocate tem
perance, but not total abstinence. "My
study, says Sir James Paget, "makes
me as sure as I would ever venture to be
on any such question, that there is not
yet' any evidence nearly sufficient to
make it probable that a moderate habit
ual use of alcoholic drinks is generally
or even to many persons injurious;" but
he concedes the difficulty of defining
what moderation is. It seems to us,
however, that this difficulty is often ex
aggerated. Every man is conscious of a
certain control of his faculties and clear
ness of his perception when in perfect
health. It should be his object at all
times to preserve this control and clear
ness. Any use of alcohol which lessons
his ability to do this is manifestly an
abuse of it in his case, and one which
he can usually detect himslf."
The conclusions of Dr. Bernays do
not go quite so far as Sir James. Paget,
though they are in the same direction, as
is indicated by the title of this paper.
"The Moderate use of Alcohol True
Temperance." Ilia contribution is es
pecially valuable as showing what form.?
of alcoholic drink are most approved by
those members of the medical profession
in England a large majority, who are
opjwsed to total abstinence. Beer comes
first; but, if possible, it should be made
with malt and hops alone. Beer which
produces thirst should be avoided. Next
to malt liquor comes wine; but as wines
vary so much in the quantity of alcohol
they contain, the author advis an ad
mixture of water with sucl wines as
will allow it iJ
The views expressed in Dr. Brunton's
paper on the action of alcohal are of a
similar 'character. He regards alcohol
as truly a food. To some persons, how
ever, it is utterly poisonous. To others,
who take it as a luxury, it may bring
pleasurable sensations, and an increased
ability to please the people they meet
And to others still, it may become a
stimulant to w ork which would be im
possible without it But it can be tol
erated as a luxury or stimulant only in
great moderation,- and there is undoubt
edly some danger of eventual excess to
those who use it in either of these ways.
"If alcohol were taken only with meals,
and its use as an ordinary article of diet
restricted to persons suffering from de
bility or above middle age," says Dr.
Brunton, "it would be strictly in its
proper place, and we should hear little
1 J. t TP 1 ...
hooui its aouse. - xi me taste tor it is
not acquired before middle age, there is
little risk of acquiring it afterward; and
as long as a man is healthy, eating well
and sleeping well, he does not need alco
hol, and as a rule is better without it"
No doubt there would be far less intox
ication than there is, if alcoholic drinks
were never taken except with food; and
we desire to emphasize the writer s con
emnation of what he calls the practice of
taking mps now and again. - This prac
tice is utterly without reason, and is
really dangerous. N. Y. Sua
A Level-Headed Lover. -The New
Englander (f German birth) who has
written the Castle Garden authorities to
select him a wife from among the f or
eign ladies landing there, recalls the
palmy colonial days when cargoes of
maidens were brought to this country
lor tne express pui-pose of matrimony,
and when divorces were unheard of.
There is doubtless at the home of the
applicant a fair proportion of ladies of
marriageable age and inclination and
equipped for the battle of life with some
knowledge of Darwin and Spencer, a
vague admiration for Emerson s essavs.
taste for bric-a-'brac, a tremulous accept
ance of the future and an assortment of
unpublished manuscripts, some of which
are in verse. The usual plan is to marry
one of these damsels, and then hurry to
Castle Garden for some one to take care
of her, but the would-be swain of Peter
boro knows a trick worth two of that
He is not to be suspected of wantinjr a
mere drudge, for he distinctly specifies
that the. lady should be able to appear
en ui society, oun more level does
he appear when we read that the bride
should have numbered about thirty
years, fastidious lovers may laugh at
xms nonest tellow's method and require
ments, but if every would-be husband
were to seek his bride among healthful
and industrious daughters of toil, choos
ing a woman instead of a mere girl, and
trusting jo her; character, rather than
her superficial acquirements to give her
a place iii society, the average of domes
tic life would be purer and happier than
itjs now. -. . .
A sewing machine asent. who was
very ill, being told that he must prepare
to pay me aebt ot nature, wanted to
know if he couldn't be paid on the
monthly installment plan. - -
For Dyspepsia use Pf under s Oresron
Blood Purifier. A certain cure. ' ?
Biiv Carriage Hard
1856. ENAPP, BUHREZiIj & CO., 187Q
Front, First and Ash Streets, Portland, Oregoas
IMPORTIC9 AND DEALERS IPC
FARM IMPLEMENTS AND FARM MACHINERY.
Sole Agents for the Following Specialties, which are Acknowledged the Best in use:.
The Bain Fnrm Waon, tin uly wuon that has ilod the teat (or last EMeua yr In Oregon. - " '- - - '
Cbamplon Holiae Plow. :
Garden City Plow.
Oliver Cbilled new, ths only chillwi pluw that hu ptvred of anfTalu. Bwar t ipurious imiuUuaa.
Superior ttraiu Drills and Superior Broad takt kewUsrs, Utwt imjjruvi and mwmialwi. : ,
Monitor Broa. , Tut Seeders, latest improred. , . ' -
Cardeu City Sulk Plow, too well known to need comment.
Evans Sulky Plow, which hu taken first premium at Oregon State Fair for last lour year.
Bay I ins Wneeled Harrow, the only success wheel harrow yet Introduced.
: Pacific Fan 5I1II. the only mill in market that will clean wheat perfectly and take out all the wild oats, cockle, etc., etc..
Cider Mills, Feed Cutters, Cultivators, and Harrows and Iron and Steel Harrow Teeth.
Mill men intending to build Flour or Saw Mills will corfilt their own 'ntcrest hy irettinjr our prices before purchaninir elsewhere as we carry a full stock of ENGINES,
WATLK WHEKLS, MILL STONES, SMUTTER3, BOLTING OLOTU. PORTABLE SAW MILLS, CIKCL'LAR SAWS, KUKBiuR and LEATHER BLLTING and everything per
taminit to mill furnishing; goods first class, and prices always the lowest. - -
' .Starting a Boy.
A lonesome looking boy was yester
day hanging round a wood yard in the
northern part of city, when the owner
of the yard, having both charity and
philahthrophy for boys with tears in
their eyes, asked the lad why he didn't
peddle apples or do something to earn a
few shillings. The boy replied that he
had no capital, and the wood yard man
took out a nickel, and said:
"Now, my boy, I'm going to start you
in life. Take this ' nickel and go and
make a purchase of something or other.
I'll buy it of you for 10 cents, no matter
what it is. Coiue now, let's see what
sort of a business head you have on you."
The boy took the nickel and went off,
but in 10 minutes was back with a gal
lon jug, which he had purchased with
"Well, you are a keener," replied the
man. "I never saw one of them sold
for less than fifteen cents to aQVone. I
Vant such a ius and here's it's fair
price. Go now and lay out your 15
cents in apples, and I'll buy half your
The boy did not return. Perhaps he
fell into a sewer somewhere; but you
can't make the wood yard man believe
so. When he lifted the jug from under
the table, where the boy had carefully
placed it, he found a hole in it large
enough to. let in a black tan-terrier.
Detroit Free Press.
A Timely Hint. A Detroit boot
black, in turning into Woodward's ave
nue from Congress street, on a run,
bumped against a woman, who at once
grabbed for his hair. Failing to secure
a grip, she halted and gave him to under
stand that if she had the bringing up of
him he would have galloping consump
tion in less than six months. V He took
it patiently for a time, but after having
enough, he quietly observed:
"I hope you won't never die, ma'am.
- "Whyl" she suddenly inquired.
"Cause the body snatchers will dig
yon up sure!" . -
"Eh? What's that!"
"The doctors of this town would have
that jaw of yours if they had to fight
the hull police force T he softly ex
claimed, as he backed away.
She couldn't help feeling of her chin
as she passed on.
' FOR SALE.
This font of Long Primer, y
new, has been in use only a few months
on a weekly paper, is for sale. 123
ios. complete witiv quads, spaces,
figures and italics.
D. II. Stearns & Co.
Also 120 lbs. Brevier of which this is
a sample, will be sold cheapfor cash.
D. H. Stearss & Co., Portland, Ogn.
We give notice this issue of extensive
assortment of parlor suits in silk, rep,
terry and hair-cloth coverings--made in
a workmanlike manner, and the lowest
prices consistant with good work. Bed
room suits in walnut, ash, maple, spruce
and pine, frdm $400 down to $25 per
suit, consisting of bedstead, bureau and
mirror, washstand, table, two chairs,
rocking , chair and towel tack. ' This
house carries some 1,500 oases of chairs
in the knock down for the trade, also an
immense stock of carpets and oil-cloths.
bHINDLER & CHADBOCRNE,
First street, between Yamhill and
Morrison streets, Portland, Oregon.
Philadelphia to Portland Direct.
The Pacific Coast Steamship Company will dispatch
their new and elegant iron steamship " State of Califor
nia" from Philadelphia, 1'a. to Portland, Ogn. direct on
or about February 1st. For freight apply to J, Mc
Craken & Co., 6J North Front street, Portland, Oirti,
Uuodall, l'erkins & Co., 10 Market street, San Fran-
ci8C,ual., wiilard h.. Freeman, 74 Pine street, New
iur vjiy, or iw nainut street, rtiuadelpuia, fa.
Drake's Sperftle, ; '
Manufactured ly Hodge, Davis fc Co.,
of Portland, is not a : patent medicine in
the ordinary sense, but a real specific of
great value to every family. : It will re
lieve a child's earache in five minutes,
and is a sure and speedy curative in all
cases of neuralgia or rheumatic affection.
A trial will prove its merit For sale
by all druggists and dealers in patent
medicines. ' .:
For diseases of the Liver and Kidneys
try the Oregon Blood Purifier.
tW 1st making: any tnrhase or la
writing? 1st reanomie to any advertise
ment in this paper you will pleswe men
tion the name of the paper.
LADIES AT A DISTANCE FfiOM PORTLAND CAN
deal with us a satisfactorily as at our counters,
We keep the Largest and Finest Stock of ' " r
Dry Goods, Dress Goods, Silks, Cloaks,
And everything requisite to a strictly FIRST-CLASS
ESTABLISHMENT, in Oregon.
It will coot very little to send to m for samples and
prices, and it will enable everybody to take advantage
ef the recent decline in the price of DRY UOODS.
We also keep a Full Line of
. CENTS' FURNISHING GOODS.
Clarke & Henderson,
earner First and - Washington Streets,
THE BEST CICAR ON RECORD.
Club House Clccars." '
. ..." . To be had at .
- ; Knfflefcreebt, Pox Co.," -
812 and SU Front street, Saa Francisco.
ware & Woodwork
THE WEEKLY BEE
The Bent Agricultural and Live Mock
Journal Publlohad lis the Northwest.
? i ...
TIIE 3IQXOPOI.Y KUOIvE.V.
The latest telejrraphic newt from all parts of the coun
try reported specially for the
Daily and Weekly Bee.
The best agricultural and lire stock writer in Oregon
has been engaged to write exclusively for the WEEKLY
BLE. The buxt literary talent money can procure is
employed in all ita departments, and the WEEKLY
BEE is now the most complete and reliable farmers
paper published on the Pacific Coast, as well as the
Subscription price $2 per annum, invariably in ad
vance. All new yearly subscriptions from this date will be
sent till January 1, 1880. Address
D. H. STEARNS A CO.,
l PORTLAND, OREGON.
SOLE AGENTS FOB THE UNRIVALLED
STAN DAK 1 AID ESTEY ORGANS,
D. W PRENTICE CO.,
j Music Dealers, Fortland, Oregon
GREAT REDUCTION IN PRICES.
J SIMON & CO.,
Ki ' , Dealers in .
Doors, Windows, Blinds and Glass
WEIGHTS, CORDS AND PC1XET8,
I3S Front HU, nek Washington Alder.
Jetlm PORTLAND, OREGON.
1 .-: 1 '3
The Northwest Coast
A closely printed. 66 cage pamphlet on the resources of
Oregon, Washington and Idaho and their relation to
the North Pacific Railroad, by
Rev. Geo. II. Atkinson, D. D.
Illustrated by two complete main of the territory
It should be in the hands of every inquirer about this
country, and is sold at the extremely low price of 25
cents per copy. '
A discount ot 25 per cent, to dealers. Cash must ac.
company all orders. Address, " t
1. II. Stearns Jt Co.,
Newspaper Publishers, Portland, Orefron.
Corner Third and F fitreet.
Near the Steamship Landings and Railroad Depots,
, PORTLAND. OREGON ,
Lewiston &.Fretland, Proprietors
(Late of Minn sola Douse.)
Will spare no pains nor expense to make this honrn
THE BEST HOTEL I PORTLAND,
Mrs. ,W. A. Haight
18 PREPARED TO 1VRCHASE GOODS OF EVERY
description residing at a distance from San Fran
cisco. Bridal outfits, infants ward robes, or single ar
ticles of any kind purchased with care and forwarded
with care for a small commission. All orders accom
panied by draft or P. G money order promptly at
tenaed to, or goods will be sent by Wells, Fargo it Co..
CO. D. if preferred. , j
Mrs. H. can give the best of reference if desired.
Address, ' . . .. . . . . .
?10 Ten worth St., San Franelseb.
THE CHIEF OF HEALING tOMPOlTXDS.
- '- vi ' :
t The Most Powerful Healing
Agent Ever DiscoTered.
Physician give it the highest recommendations. '
POISTS TO BE B0RXE IN MIX B. '
Carbolic Salve positively cures the worst sores. . . .
Carbolic Salve instantly allays the pain of bums.
Carbolic Salve cures all cutaneous eruptions.
Carbolic Salve removes pimpiea and blotches.
Carbolic Salve will cure cuts and bruises.
H EN RY'S CARBOLIC SALVE
ranks at the head of all salves, Ointmutta and other
Healing Compounds, and has achieved a greater reputa
tion and a larger sale than any other similar
turn. The most. '
TTRCLENT SORES AND ULCERS
Have been cured with Wondrous ranMitv h v. - i
Carbolic Salve, and it is prescribed now almost uiuver
ally by Physicians throughout the countrv in their
Textimonials from the most respectable sources, med
ical and otherwise, are constantly accumulating in our
hands, demonstrating the sovereign efficacy of
This Great External Remedy,
and that the cures which H effects in nmn. .....
are complete. The two following excerpts are all we
deem it necessary to insert: . " T
George B. Lincoln; President of the Board of Health
imr varDouc naive Han excellent
artade, and I thank you for. This is another" ideno.
of the great value of the discover nf ,li;,. .Zl lr
D. E. Locke Petroleum V. 'wi ,j v ,
states that he had on the forefinger his right hand
one of those pleasant pets, a Tun- round.- 7fae Hmrer
became inflamed to a degree unbearable. ' a
friend dressed it with Vrtwn!i u.i j i . .
thepam had "uchdedv. . Mfc
Henry's Carbolic Sal?e
i i nsed extensively in Hospitals, and ia found to ben
only a thorough purifier and disinfectant, but also U
most wonderful and mwl. hii ' " " T"
Sold hj .11 Dnmri' "WWn-
- JOHN F. HENRT CURRAW a CO
, . .8 College Place, New York.
BOWftltt tti ImHarlrVM . Isfb r. . .
Salv.anaw.r: Deul" wboIi
HODGE, DAVIS CO., Agents.
of E. J. jorthrup &
KNAPP. BURRELL A CO.,
To Obtain aby dumber of Newspapers,
Magazines and a Copy ot Webster's Un
abridged $12 Dictionary of 1878 Edition
Free of Cnarge. '
DETERMINED TO INTRODUCE THE WEST SHORE
(Oregon's illustrated newspaper) into every family
circle on the Pacific Coast, the proprietor has made ar
rangements with the leading publishers 1n the United
Slates whereby be is enabled to give away one year's
subscription to any paper or magazine to anyone who
will make up a club oi subscribers to The West Shore.
The West Shore
Is now a large 32-page paper, handsomely
illustrated, ablj edited, and is sent out
stitched and enveloped in a handsome
granite cover.. No family should be'
without it Price per annum $1 50,
if sent in on or before January 15;
after that ' the subscription price of
The West Shore
Will be $2 00 per annum.
The Hon. H. H. Bancroft, who Is considered one of
the very best authorities on literary subjects in tha
United States, says of it: "As a historical and practi
callv scientific periodical, 1 regard THE WLST 8HORE
as by far the best wblighed on the Pacific Coast"
Dr A J. Richardson says: MTu deserve the en
dorsement of every man who has the rood of his State
at heart. Consider me a perpet ual subscriber. "
Hundreds of other testimonials and endorsements are
on file at out office. The people's endorsement "THIS
WEST SHORE has the largest circulation of any publi
catioa hi the Pacific Northwest, i.
Sei.d your address on a postal card sad ask for our
WfcJST SHOKK containing our club Usb ' Address
Publisher Went Shore,
. PORTLAND, OREGON. .
China Nut Oil,
Don Flmtk Oil, ..
Downer's Spindle OU ''
For sale by
TTftT rt ft ' vtvm m mm.'
Oregon Standard Soap WorkSi
- IRTIHO .WEBB, PropHetors,
. PORTLAND, OREGON.
The only steam factory north of 8aa Francisco. Send
for circular and price list. , -
T.' JL. (STROWBRIDOE,
. Direct Importer and Dealer to
. LEATUEa AND SHOE FINDINGS,
Ho. 141 Front Ht Portland. Or.
'?T W'.W AGtiAT,
avnotber SLa. New rt.to- "
Local and traveling salesmen wanted. Particulars free.
FrancbcoraU Company 4t Second Street, Saa
Frnlt, ShAde, Ornanentnl nI Snt
Tr,Tlne and b rubbery.
cnoice Trees. 25 emtm Mrh ia i j
4. H. SETTLEMIER,
l wootiburn. Orecron.
FIXE FAEM FPU
GOO SLcsr . i
t . . .
0Kfln2F-'I?1EL?ESTJ FARMS " OREGON. TN A
, ., ,.fln of cultivation, fully fenced. coieeUent
inem, Mean, power and all 1st! tmpCenWh.
ncultural machinery. Everything- to be sold at a
a'Si, K 10- hof wheaTin W77
and 8,000 bushels m 187s. Is good (or m averaVe-ol
mne tbouaand bushels every year . .veragroi
Price per acre, terms to suit the burer.
, D- H. STEARNS CO.,
Estate Agents Portland, Oreron
HOIXT k WALNUT. ,
SAW AND PATTERNS.
t-jT Write for Price List
m"0N & IIALL, Portland, Or.:
Te&etable Specific Eemedj,
FOR ACHES AND PAlNSr
TAKES ISTEEHAtlY, IT CUBES
COUGHS, COLDS, CRAMP AND PAIN JN ST0l-
ACH, COLIC, DIARRIKEA, DTSENTERY,
SUMMER COMPLAINT, CHOLERA
MORBUS, DYSPEI1A .
!, reJ'ro8t Bite, Chilblains, Sprains, Braises, Rin
rm.J"u Headache, NeoralnTta the Ksce,
y8- P" in the Side, Pain in the Back and
Ifiat, ithuematre Pains in the Jointa or Limbs, ktinf
w Insect Bite of poisonous Ins4a and Venemoua
SThreat . "" CuU Bni Earache and
,'rhim wicellent Remedy has heenwetj tested by all
cuesesof people fur years, and tc-ds has a reputation
lar ahead of aiiythinj now before the pub:ie.
. sUMumatisna cored in five days ; uSa Back inl two
dara ; Neuralgia in one day ; fta-vow Headache in five
minutes; toothache id five minatsst Earache in tv
nutes ; Diarrhoja in two days; a we Throat in oo
y : Coiie, in fifteen minutes ; Cougta and Colds ia a .
Jx nan; Bums witbout fseterict j Chiiblaiw and
Bunions in a tew days. . -
Pull directions accompany each bottle.
' ' KaJWE, BATE1 '.,
, i .- Proprietors.
Co., Portland, On.