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About The Douglas independent. (Roseburg, Or.) 187?-1885 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 21, 1878)
FINEST JOB OFFICII
W DOCOLAS ooustt.
CARDS, BILLHEADS & LEGAL BLANKS
And other rEnmSGlncIod d
Larre and Heavy- Paster and Sfcawy
; NEATLY ASD EXP El ITIOCSLT ilZCCTED
-A.T PORTLAND PRICES I
TEBXS 131 ADTAXCE l
On yeer .
Six month. .. .................
. 1 50
"Independent in all Things; lYeixtrnl in TVothing-.'
TThjI..' .M tk m. .I... - I l .1
. - - ui iiiim ;uiK w euvuioe.
to IXDSrs.iDSirr oSere fine Inducemeau to advertuere
ternu reMoaabie. '
HOSEBURG, OREGON, SATURDAY, DECEMBER 21, 1S78.
Y. E. Willis,
ATTORNEY & COUNSELOR AT LAW,
ROSEBURO, OREGOX. '
A. E. CUAMPAV5E. Proprietor.
The only flraVcfcuM hoa In Rooelmrt;. Kept on (ha
' OAKLAND, OREGON,
Richard Thomas, Proprietor.
"T"Hia HOTEL HAS BKEX ESTABLISHED FOR A
X nam bar of Tetu-9, and baa bocoaie very popular
with tba raTUn public. Vint vlua
AGC O.M.M O D ATI O N 3
And tba table euppliad with the beat the marlcot affords
Hotul at the depot of the Railroad.
SUGAR PINE MILLS.
LOCATED AT SUGAR PINK MOUNTAIX,
Port Offloa address, LOOKING GLASS, OREGON.
The Company owing theaa milla would aay they are
prepared to furnish tea
BEST OF LUMBER
At the moat reasonable rates.
SUGAR PINE, FIR AND CEDAR
Lumber always. on hand,' and all persons wishing to
purchase Lumber will do well to (ire us an opportunity
of filling their orders before going elsewhere.
i. O. GALLIGHAN, President.
V. B. CLARKE, Secretary and Treasurer.
Button & Perkins, Proprietors,
'' the onlt .
FIRST-CLASS HOUSE IN THE CITY
- AND ;
Depot of the C. Jk O. Stage Co.
XtfELI. FURNISHED SLEEPING APARTMENTS,
V the best of beds, and the moat attentive of
Housekeepers, and a table supplied with the beet of
the arrival of the oars
Leave the house ererydayon
The traroliar public, and all who favor us with their
patronage, oan rert awured that they will be entertained
fa the beat pjaaible manner. O. L. Iil'TToN,
T. R. SHERIDAN.
J. P. 8HERIDAN.
Jackson Street, Roseburg, Oregon, near the Poet Offloe,
; DEALERS IN
And Manufaotmrars of
Tin, Copper and Sheet Iron Ware,
Are prepared te
GIVE SATISFACTION TO ALL,
OREGON AND CALIFORNIA
THROUGH TO SAN FRANCISCO
The Quickest, Safest and Easiest Route
STACKS LEAVE ROSEBURO
f very Day at 7S0 P. X.,
Hakraf quick eoanection at Reading with the ear of
tae u. a w. a. n. .
Tot full parti oolari and piieare apply to
BUTTON' a PERKINS, Agents.
aTOTTCI IB HEREBY OIVKH TO WHOM IT MAT
i.1 eeaeern that tlie nnderairned haa been awarded
Ik. ooatrat far keeping the Douglaa county paupera (or
a oeriod af two yeara. All pereona in need el aatiatanoe
c irom eaid oeuaty aauat aret sreeure a certificate to that
offaet from Bar member of the County Beard and pre
sent it to one of the following aamed pereena, who are
. antboriied to and will care lor thoee preeenunr euca
certificate: Button A Perkina, Roaeburg; L. U Kellorg,
Oakland; Mre Brown, Looking Giaaa. Dr. Woodruff 1.
anthoriaed to f arniah medical aid to all pereone in need
of the suae and wbo have beeu declared paupera el
Dougiae ouunty. W. B. CLAKnE.
T. D. MARKS,
J. H. PIKE & CO.,
ImporUn and Wholteale Deelera in
TOBACCO AND TEAS.
IHA-HUFAOTUBERS OF CIGARS.
And eole proprietor of the non-equalled
PINK Of PERFECTION AND SOUTH CIGARS,
See. 101 and 10S California Street,
SCHULTZ & TON BAEGEX,
Importsrt and DoftUn in
FOREIGN a DOMESTIC WINES
LIQUORS ' AND BRANDIES.
AVto Sole Agents for
fTt ESRATED OLD BOURBON WHISKY
AH rBAKCIaOO, CAL.'
ErrC22 w vltftSe LOHCOa
War In Kentucky.
Mount Sterling, Dec. 11. James Pettit,
deputy U. S. marshal, arrived last night
from a point 20 miles from Jackson, the
scene of the late disturbances in Breathitt
county, and reports another collision be
tween ;the parties of Bill Strong and Jerry
Little, 'which occurred on Wednesday even
ing last. Four men were killed and seven
I All In One Say. .
Columbia, Dec. 11. Governor Hampton's
leg was amputated to-day below the knee.
His friends say his condition is yet danger
ous. .. He was elected U. 8. Senator, the vote
in the Senate being unanimous. The House
with two exceptions, voted for him. They
were Miller and Simmons (colored), from
i OiA- Representatives.
Washington, Dec, 11. Delegate Jacobs
introduced a bill appropriating $8,000 for
the site' and fog signal on Sandy Point,
Puget Sound, and $22,000 for improvement
of the Ucper Columbia.
Mitchell's bill for tho construction of a
harbor of refuge quotes the report of the
army engineers for 1877, showing that there
is not a harbor in a distance of 700 miles
northward from San Francisco which a ves
sel can enter in heavy weather, and there
fore proposes an appropriation of $500,000
be expendeu by the war department in the
commencement of a breakwater at such point
between the straits of Fuca and the 42d par
allel as may in the opinion of the majority
of the board of engineers for the Pacific Coast
be most suitable. '
! Heavy Rain Storm.
New Yoek, Dec. 11. A heavy rain storm
during ' the last two days has caused mneh
damage in New England. In Philadelphia
the loss is serious by the overflow of wharves
and flooding of cellars. At Scrauton the
rivers and streams are greatly swollen, and
should jthe rain continue mining operations
will be stopped. Railroad and other bridges
throughout this State are threatened by
floods, It rained stealily full 50 honrs.
A heavy gale to-day along the Atlantic
coast and very severe at Boston. Some dam
age toj shipping reported. The abutment of
the Barrett suspension at Fort Jerzis was
carried away this morning; loss heavy; river
higher than for years, , A freight train from
Boston with two engines went into the river
near IWentworth, N. H., where the trestle
was swept away. Both were badly wrecked.
The bridge being swept away the wrecking
train; cannot reach the disabled train. At
North Adams, Mass., the people had to
abandon their homes on the river banks.
Not Ready to Accept.
Washington. Dec. 12. Postmaster Snow
den of Philadelphia has been tendered Lin
derman's position, but reiuses to accept at
present, because he is waiting until the par
son ! he desires is appointed postmaster of
jsan lose Reservation Bualncsti.
Secretary of War has transmitted to the
House the report of Humphrey, chief of
engineers, on the two House bills relating to
Point San Jose reservation. One proposes
to relinquish the reservation to certain set
tlers, one of whom is Mrs. Qen. Fremont,
and the other to reimburse them for the loss
of property, , Report quotes Generals Hal
leck, McDowell and engineer officers as con
curring in the belief that this point is essen
tial to proper defense of the second line of
fortifications, and in guarding the harbor
and property of San Francisco in case of war
with maritime power as to right of holders
to compensation. The report says this
point occupied by Spaniards for military,
purposes and held by United States troops
prior to cessation as well as after, and
that settlers were squatters. The recommen
dation in which the secretary concurs is that
the reimbursing bill onght to pass and this
will be final.
Chapter of Harder.
Mcbfbebsbobough, Tenn., Deo. 12. Den
nis Edwards, colored, living 10 miles from
here, was shot and killed Saturday by Will
Smithy and John B. JerroJds, white, because
be refused to allow one of them to cut off
the tail of a horse he was riding. The mur
der occurred at Edward's cabin, and his
wife and child were also hit by bullets, and
soon after died. A colored visitor was fa
tally wounded. Edwards was much liked
by both races, and the jail is now being
guarded to prevent lynch law being admin
Omaha. Dec. 12. Two suspected cattle
thieves, named Mitchell and Ketcham, had
a fight a few days ago with four herders who
were trying to arrest them on South Loup
Fork in Custer county, and during the fight
Stevens, one of the herders was shot and in
stantlv killed. Mitchell and Ketcham es
caped, but were son afterwards arrested,
They were corralled by an armed party of
20 or 30 masked men who, tinder cover of
cocked rifles, took the prisoners from the
sheriff and guards and hurriedly disappeared
with them. Yesterday the bodies of Mitchell
and Ketcham were found burned almost be
yend recognition at a foot of a tree, to which
they had evidently been tied, while the fire
vas built around them and burned them to
isoah Martin, aged 50 years, living on a
farm a few miles from York, Neb., was mur
dered on Tuesday night. On the arrival of
his team from York, whither he had been on
business, he was found dead in his wagon
with his skull broken. No clue to the mur
The dead bodies of Mrs. Harlson and three
children were discovered yesterday in a hay
stack on a farm bouth of Kearney. Nebraska
The murder is supposed to have been.com-
mitted several days ago. No arrests. A
man named S. D. Richards is suspected of
the crime, ae has aed the country.
Spmxofiild, Mass., Dec. 12. The break
ing of dams at Ashfield, Conway, Whately
and North Hatfield, has caused the destruc
tion of a number oi mills and bridges, and
serious damage to highways.
Particulars of the Outrage.
Omaha, Dec. 13. Later ; developments
show that the burning of Mitchell and
Ketchum in Custer county, as teleeraDhed
yesterday, was one of the most barbarous
enmra ever perpetrated in this country,
more especially as it has been learned that
the victims were not only innocent of cattle
stealing, but were respectable citizens. Mr.
Mitchell, who was over 60 years age, was a
farmer, and during the past Summer had
had trouble with one Stevens, a cattle herd-
er, on account of having been driven over
Mitchell's crops. Stevens, who had threat
ened to kill him, went to his farm with sev
eral companions under the pretense of ar
resting him. Stevens and party at once
fired On Mitchell and Ketchum. who was
working for Mitchell. Ketchum was wounded
and in turn Stevens was killed. Thereupon
Mitchell and Ketchum fled, but were after
wards arrested by the proper officers, from
whom they were taken by a mob pf Texas
cowbovs. who cruelly tortured them in In-
dian fashion while burning them to death.
Tmmi1il itima trill Ho t.U. tV,..
I is creating intense excitement and indigna-
luon. . iutcheil lett a large family.
Tw Bank Closed.
Saratoga. Dec. 13. The First National
J Bank suspended to-day, owing to the run
growing out of the defalcation- of County
Treasurer Wright. The run was then pre
cipitated on the Commercial Bank and its
doors also were closed.
A Fever Hero.
Nkw Yor4, Dec. 13. A reception was
given last night by the New York Press club
to Col. Keating, editor of the Memphis Ap
peal, in recognition of his heroic conduct
during the yellow fever scourge. The club
rooms were crowded.
A friend of Bayard Taylor writes from
Dresden that Taylor is hopelessly sick with
dropsy. He states that a fortnight ago 15
quarts of water were taken from him, and
that the operation was subsequently re
peated. Manhattan Bank Robbers Caqgnt.
New York, Dec 14. The police io-night
arrested Red Leary and John McCarthy, alias
Butcb. Cant. Brynes intimates plainly that
the prisoners are known to have been among
the planners and perpetrators of the Manhat
tan bank robbery.
Suicide and Attempted Mnnlcr.
Cincinnati, Dec. 14. Peter Muchmerisser
this morning beat his wife with a flat iron
uuiil he supposed her dead, and then went
out and banged himself. The woman may re
cover. Storm, lee and Snow.
St. Louis, Dec. 14. Dispatches from Mis
souri, Iowa and Kansas report the heaviest
snow storm for years. Tho railroads gener
ally are obstructed and some of them are
obliged to suspend running trains. The Mis
sissippi at Rock Island is closed and people
cross on the ice. The Missouri is full of filiat
ing ice and its closing is looked for soon.
EvANSvitXK, Ind.. Dec. 14. An explosion
of nitro glycerine and gunpowder at the St.
.Bernard coal mine at Kariington. Kv.. oc
curred to-day.. Its shock was felt for miles.
A train of mining cars, mules and a negio dri
ver were blown to atoms.' A panic among
the miners was created. V
It. B. Chance.
St. Louis, Dec 14. A Pueblo dispatch
says the Atchison, fopeka and Santa Fe Rail
road takes possession of the Denver and Rio
Uraud Railroad to-niclit, under a thirty vears
lease. The new arriiuieuiBUt gives the com
pany entire control of the carrying trade of
Richmond. Dec. 15. The large tobacco
manufactory of Thos. C. Williams & Co.
was burned this morning. The loss is esti
mated at $75,000; stock and fixtures insured.
Ou Ike Sea. .
Boston, Dec. 15. While the British bark
Ana way was on a voyage from New York to
Ineste two Oreeks attacked the mate, fatally
wounding him. and afterwards attempted to
kill the boatswain and a seaman, both of
whom had their skulls fractured. The cap
tain fired upon the mutineers, wounding one
when both jumped overboard and were prob
Nobfolk, Va., Dec. 15. At Wenton. X.
C, Samuel Jacobs and Elbert Gotling, col
ored, have been sentenced to imprisonment
in the penitentiary for six years for assault
and battery with intent to kill Marcus Wil
liams, colored, for voting for J. K. Yeates
(Dem.) for Congress.
A Horrible RaMeide. j
Omaha, Dec. 15. August Hubermann, I
formerly a furrier by occupation, and at one j
time carrying on an extensive business, and
being considered well off, committed suicide
this morning by cutting his throat with a
piece of glass broken from the window of
the cell in jail, where he was confined by
reason of insanity, and from which he was
to have been taken to the insane asylum on
Monday. Whisky was the cause of his
Galveston, Dec. 15. The News' Bastrop
special says that Pryer Jones and Smith
Jackson, colored, were hanged to-day in the
presence of three thousand persons, princi
pally negroes. Both remained firm to the
end. Both were dead in five minutes from
, Drury Acquitted.
Memphis, Dec. 15. To-nieht the jury in
the case of Robert Drnry, who killed his un
cle, Albert Gibson, deputy U. S. Marshal, in
this city two years ago, returned a verdict of
not guilty. This was the third trial.
New Yobk, Dec. 16. The directors of the
Northerp Pacific Railroad meet to-morrow to
open bid3 for the construction of 200 miles
of road from the Missouri to the Yellow
stone. The road has done a good business
the past season from Dulnth to Red river.
By an arrangement with the St. Paul &, Pa
cific road, the Northern Pacific has right of
way over that road from Sauk Rapids to St.
President Dillon, of the Union Pacific,
says a satisfactory understanding has been
reached between the Pacific Mail and the
The Lucky Ones.
Washington, Dec. 16. The following are
among the nominations sent to the Senate
to-day: Postmasters Alonzo E. Raynes,
Yreka; Joseph H. Jones, Colusa. Chief Jus
tice of the Supreme Court of Washington
Territory, Joseph R. Lewis; Associate Jus
tice, Samuel (J. Wingaid. Indian agent at
Quimalt Agency, sshmgton Territory,
Oliver Wood, of Ohio.
The House committee on civil service to
day concluded the investigation of charges of
corruption in connection with the district
bond legislation. The charges appear to
have been nn warranted.
Have Been Settled
New Yobk, Pec. 16. The Tribune says:
The freight and passenger troubles between
the Union and Central Pacific railroads and
the Pacific Mail S. S. Co., have been settled,
a new contract having been executed yester
day. The plan of settlement provides that
$10 head money should be paid on every
through passenger carried overland. It is
also provided that steamships shall carry
only heavy freight, and that each vessel
shall not fill within 500 tons of its carrying
capacity; the railroad is to pay an equiva
lent for this freight. The contract will not
expire until January, 1S86, unless it should
be revoked on sixty days notice.
':. . . Won Id not Accept.
The trustees of the Hebrew Orphan " Asy
lum have .declined the offer of a gift 'of
money from Mrs. A, T. Stewart, through
Judge Hilton, and it is expected that other
Hebrew associations will take similar action,
The president of Mount Sinai hospital says
if Mrs. Stewart had quietly sent a check to
the institution it would have been probably
accepted; but in view of the way m which
the offer was made, there was a feeling of
opposition to its acceptance among Hebrews
generally. The president of the house for
aceu ana innrm neurewn, says me oner
. . J' YT-l .1 -
made through. Judge Hilton would not be
accepted, as he had thrown down the gaunt
let and proscribed the wnoie Hebrew race.
There was naturally a strong feeling among
Hebrews against accepting gifts from such a
source. - ; --' - - - -.
- v , . . Orwea BUI. ,'
The Herald's Washington special says that
G rover gays, in explanation of the bill
introduced by him yesterday prohibitirg
the employment on the governmen
works of any person who is not a citizen
of th United States or who has sot de
clared his intention of becoming a citizen,
that it is intended solely to prevent the em
ployment of the Chinese laborers on govern
ment work on the Pacific Coast. He says
that he received a letter a few days ago from
ths Prt sident of the Workingmen's Associa
tion at Portland, Oregon, to the effect tint
the person having the contract for the con
struction of canal and locks at the Cas
cades of the Columbia river had informed
him that some 200 Chinese were employed
to the exclusion of. white laborers. This
work is being done at the expense of the
government, an appropriation of $250,000 hav
ing been made. Federal judges on the Pa
cific Coast have decided that Chinese are
not eligible to citizenship. They wor at
verp low rates and send their earnings home,
so that the government funds are not only
disbursed among needy citizens, but arc
sent out of the country. Grover says that
ha shall press the matter before the com mil
tea on commerce, to which committee 'the
bill has been referred.
A New Custom House.
' Senator Mitchell introduced a bill appro
priating $100,000 for construction of a brick
building for the accommodation of custom
house and other federal officers of Portland.
It is provided that this shall cover the entire
cost, and that no money te expended nntil a
valid title to the land for a site is vested in
the United States. Also a bill to pay Robert
Y. Pain's claim against the government,
Q,ueeuVIetoria'M Life Threatened.
London, Dec. 13. A man named Maddan
was arraigned at the Bow street police court
yesterday, charged with threatening the life
of Queen Victoria.
Later It appears that Edward Byrne
Madden, who sent the letters to the home
office threatening the life of Queen Victoria,
is a somewhat eccentric and probably half
witted man, who is well known among the
habitues of Leister square, where he has
often been in the haunts of foreign refugees.
His letters, which are writltm in bad French,
are made up of rather incoherent invectives,
and demands for an immediate and radical
change in the government. But little im
portance is attached to the letter or the writer.
Will Not Fljiht.
News from Cabnl represents that eight
regiments of A.'ghan infantry there have
shown disinclination to fight. The natives
in South Shutar Gardan pass seem friendly
to the British.
The Kinr's Decision.
Rome, Dec. 13. Premier Carioli has an
nounced that the present minister will con
tinue the administration pending the king's
decision on the proffered resignations.
Trouble in Australia.
Stdset, Dec. 13. The ministry of New
South Wales has resigned. Robertson will
form another cabinet.
Treaty of Berlin.
Pesth, Dec. 11. The lower homse of the
Hungarian diet rejected, by a vote of 147 to
96, a motion, which was opposed by Premier
Tisza, to discuss the treaty of Berlin.
Copenhagen,. Dec. 12. The government
has telegraphed the governor, of Santa Cruz
to grant administrative loans, not exceeding
five hundred thousand crowns, for the pur
pose of restoring sugar plantations.
t Spain and Basque.
Madrid, Dec. 12. Premier Commas del !
Castello, replying to an energetic protest of
Basque deputies, declared that a state of
siege would be maintained in the Basque
provinces as long as the agitation continued.
and that the law abolishing fueros will be
earned out to the ntmost despite the passive
resistance. These declarations cause a mark
ed sensation in political circles.
An American Citizen.
Constantinople, Dec. 12. The American
consul has made three applications for the
release of Bonier. He was informed that
Romer was a party to a conspiracy in 1868
in Syria, but as his arrest was contrary to
treaty, the Vizier ordered Romer to be deliv
ered to the Consul for trial. The minister
of police requested a remand of the prisoner
nntil to-day. The Consul protested and will
apply again to-day for the custody of Romer.
A Princess Dead.
Darmstadt, Dec. 14. The Grand Duchess
was the third child and second daughter of
Queen Victoria. She was born April 25,
1643. Her father, the late Prince Albert.
died on Saturday, December 14, 1861. The
princess was in a state of unconsciousness
from 2:30 A. M. nntil the time of her death.
Her Majesty, though greatly grieved, is not
ill. The flag at Windsor Castle is at half
mast. Bells at the royal chnpel and at
Eaton college are tolling, and nearly all
houses, public and private, in the royal bor
ough are closed.
London, Dec. 14. In conseqnence of the
death of the Grand Duchess of Hesse, Lord
Beaconsfisld has requested a postponement
of, the presentation fixed for to-day of an ad
dress and casket trom English residents on
the Pacific Coast of the United States.
In Behalf of Greece.
Versailles, Dec. 15. In the chamber of
deputies to-day Count De Goutout Byron
questioned -tne government respecting the
treaty of Berlin. The Minister of Foreign
Affftirs defended the act of Congress. He
avoided compromising French neutrality, or
entering upon any binding engagements. He
had supported Greece because that was the
traditional policy of France. There would
be united action of Europe in behalf nf
Greece on the initiative being taken by
New Turkish Loan.
London, Dec. 16. A dispatch from Con
stantinople under date of December 15th
states that Prince Labanoff, Russian Ambas
sador, has presented a note protesting
against me issue oi tne new Turkish loan,
declaring that Turkey has no right.
Lahore, Dec. 16. General Roberts tele
graphs under date of Thursday as follows:
we nave nnished the reconnoissance to the
top of the Shaturgardaa pass and returned
to Ali Khil without firing a shot. The coun
try is mencuy. i am rapidly fortifying the
Peiwar pass camp." General Roberts was
to leave All h.hil for Khurum to-dav. Gen.
Browne has sent a Sikh regiment back from
uatjca to Peshawar on account of sickness
trenerai Biddulph has constructed a road
over Khojuk pass unopposed.
A Sultan's Troubles.
x-ESTH. Dec. 16. A dispatch states that
the recent conspiracy in Constantinople, ac
cording to some accounts, was a serious at
tempt to replace the Sultan by his brother
Reshad Pasha. The Sultan had to be dis
suaded from executing Reshad and Mah-
moud JUamad Pasha. The former is con.
fined in the seraglio. .
i China against Russia.
London, Dec. 16. The Turkish Gazette
says the Chinese troops in Eashgar are con
centrating to operate against old Knldja,
wiucu ib occupied Dy .Russians.
Reduction In Wages.
V The South Yorkshire and the New TWbv.
shire colliers have received notice of a reduc
tion of nyt per cent, m wages.
The government intends to abandon their
proposal in the House of Commons for
grant for the relief of Rhodope fugitives.
A Total Wrecks
Halifax, Dec 16. The iron screw steam
er Sate, of Whitney, England, was k( tally
wrecked at Bermuda on the 1st int. She
was from Galveston laden with cotton lor
Havre. A portion of the curgo was saved ia
a damaged condition.
London, Dec. 16. A correspondent at
Peshawur understands that Gen. Browne's
advance on Jellalubad has commenced and
meets with no opposition.
Constantinople. Dec. 17 The Pnrt and
Great Britain are nccrotiatinir PAiipprnino
British jurisdiction over foreigners in Cy
prus. Great Britain recognizes the Sultan's
sovereignty over the island, but denies that
capitulation concerning consular jurisdiction
For Iron Clads.
Pesth. Dec. 17. The Hnn
tion have agreed to the Austrian delegation
amendments to estimates utrikinir nm. ltt-.it.
for iron clads, and for increasing the number
London. Dee. 17 The Times sars th
introduction and withdrawal of the motion
for granting aid to the sufferers in the Rho
dope district, becomes verv simnle when the
reasons are stated, it was thought by min
isters that the distress revealed by the report
of the Rhodone commission wg a fi(tinr nV.
ject for parliamentary aid; but it would have
uceu lutiecurous 10 maae an act oi cnarity
the occasion of a heated debute, ftr.,1 tli imi.
pose of the government was no sooner known
that it was clear that it would be resisted on
both sides of the House..
San Francisco, Dec. 12. There is more
rottenness developing in the school frauds.
The supervisions have decided to take the
investigation in hand. The school board
will bring charges against the implicated
teachers. The questions by the State loard
for the postponed examination were resumed
yesterday. They are very easy, and will let
in as many candidates as usual.
Norbert Landrv, a prominent real estate
agent, shot himself through the bead yester
day at his room, 2,421 Sacramento street.
pistol was found and a note as follows:
'I have decided that you might as well blow
out your brains as your money, for yon can
live as well without the first as without the
latter; and that this earth will revolve here
after as herutofore." Two safes'werein the
room with the key and combination written
out. lie was aged otf, and was a widower
with married children. The cause of his
suicide was the publication of his name as
having improper relations with the child of
Rose McFurland, for whom a guardian was
recently appointed by the Probate Court.
Landry hue shown considerable depression
of spirits since the case came up in court.
lie returned home earlier than usual yester
day afternoon and shot himself in his room.
lie was found by his son-in-law and his
housekeeper about 3 o'clock in the after
A Confession of Murder.
Red Bluff, Dec. 12. In April last A. D.
Buck of this county was found dead on his
ranch with a bullet hole through his body.
The officers have never' relaxed their efforts
to find the murderers. Suspicion was fas
tened upon the following individuals : W. R,
Donnalson, John Cluckey and John F. Mar
tin. The district attorney has succeeded in
getting a, full confession out of them all.
Dountlson did the shouting and the others
were accessories. The confession develops a
plot which has never been eqnaled in this
county, and ia scarcely excelled by the fiend
ish work of Troy Dye and his associates.
They accused the deceased of poisoning
some horses belonging to them and agreed
that the first one of the three who saw him
was to shoot the "old badger," as they called
Beat Time Tet.
Stockton, Dec. 12. At the Agricultural
Society track to-day a trial of speed occurred
between Rarus and Sweetzer. The track
was in splendid condition. A strong north
wind prevailed all the afternoon. The purse
was ?o00, and in case either torse should
beat Goldsmith Maid's time in this State
(2:14), $500 added. Bar us made the' first
heat in 2:15, and tho second heat, with a
running horse, in 2:14, the fastest time
ever made in the State. After this heat
Shippee, the president, announced ' that
Rarus having beaten the fastest time ever
made in the State, would not trot a third
heat. Sweetzer made the first heat in 2: 16;
second, with running horse, 2:16; third.
nan; mi mien. '
Carmstadt Wamshultz, a painter, a native
of Germany, committed suicide yesterday
by hanging himself to the rafter of a chicken
house at his residence on Harrison street,
near Sixteenth. He was 54 years of ago.
He has been drinking very heavily lately,
and is supposed to have been intoxicated at
the time of his death.
The skeleton of a man with a rope around
his neck was unearthed on the levee by some
workmen at Sacramento yesterday. The
man had red hair and very large bones, and
was dressed in the uniform of a United States
soldier. He is supposed to have lain there
12 years, and is evidently the finale of a sui
Mining; Accident. ;
The cage in the shaft of the Guadalupe
Mine, near San Jose, fell a distance of 100
feet yesterday. There were nine men on
the cage at the time of the accident. Thos.
J. Crocker was' instantly killed and the
others were fearfully mangled, but it is
thought they will recover.
San Francisco, Dec. 13. U. S. Detective
Finhegass arrested John H. McDonald, alias
Zeb Rice, for counterfeiting half dollars. All
the implements were found in his room.
An Italian fisherman, well nigh exhausted
clinging to the mast of a plunger, was
picked up this morning at labout half past
3 O cioCK, on X on rout, Dy me steamer
Amelia. He reports the drowning of two
comrades.' The man saved is Agostino
San Quinette, who, with' Emanuel and
Stefano Castello, his brothers-in-law, left
Lime Point last evening at 11 o'clock in
their plunger to cross over to th city. Vi hile
opposite the Golden Gate a heavy sea swept
over the craft, filling it full of water. The
Castello brothers hung on to the boat
almost three hours, when they were swept
off and drowned.
A Lively Shooting; Scrape.
At about one o'clock to-day Win. Hayes
became involved in a dispute with Jacob
Himmelylight in the latter a saloon, no.
Washington street, and as he left, Himme
lylight followed him, snatched his hat, and
defied him to come back after it. Hayes
went back after it, vanquished Mr. and Mrs,
Himmelylight, and was on the sidewalk
again when Himmelylight appeared at the
door with a pistol and fired. The ball flat
tened against Hayes forehead. - The latter
ran into the house where he lived, No. 7,
and his assailant fired into a window after
him. The landlord, Wm. Miller, returned
the fire and hit Himmelylight on the cheek
and inner corner of the left eye. The
wound will probably prove fatal.
A tlaeer Story. .
N. C. West, aged 50 years, lately
preacher at Gilroy, was arrested in this city
to-day. He ran oft" with the wife and five
children of John Rupe, a farmer, leaving the
old man and two boys, and taking the port
able property and money. They have been
lodging in different parts of the city. Mrs.
Rupe declares West innocent.
Hard Votes. .
San Francisco, Dec. 11. Officers ot the
detective force say the city is rapidly filling
np with bard -characters, who come here to
spend the Winter. Many are ex-convicts re
leased under the provisions of the Goodwin
act. , ' . ':
The district superintendents of the Pacific
Division of the Western Union lelegraph
Co. are in session in this city discussing the
general business of the division, and some
changes in the methods of business to be in
augurated on the 1st of January. Superin
tendent Lamb, of Portland, is to be trans-.
ferred to tho charge of the San Francisco
district, and Dan 1 . Leahy, present mana
ger of the Portland office, will succeed Mr.
In the U." S. circuit court the case of the
United States against H. B. Ramsdell is on
trial. The case is to recover an amount al
leged to be due the government in a coal
contract for the mint. It is alleged and
shown by the testimony of G. O. Loring. a
clerk for Kamsbell, that George M. Pinney,
while clerk to the superintendent of the
mint, drew and cashed a check for $3,200
for 200 tons of coal at $16 per ton; but that
.Finney only called for 7a tons, and on its
delivery paid Loring $1,200. Witness as
sumed that Pinney kept the balance, $2,000,
for his own use.
Hung; Himself. '
Sax Diego, Dec. 15. Jose Ramon, an In
dian desperado, brought here from Julian
the other day for assault with attempt
murder, committed suicide this mornirg by
hanging himself to the jail door with. small
Bodie, Dec. 15. LawreD-e Sherman wad
killed in the Mono mine his afternoon. He
was timbering at the bottom of the shaft,
when the cage catie down and killed him
almost instantly. He belonged to Virginia
San Francisco, Dec. 16. Lieut. Col. B.
S. Alexander, senior officer of the engineer
corps of .the U. S. army on this coast, died
yesterday in this city, aged 50.
This morning Capt. Gunn, an old resident
of Oakland, while engaged in tearing up an
old ship lying in San Antonio creek, fell
down a hatchway and was instantly killed.
At a meeting of the Board of Health to
day Mayor Bryant introduced a resolution
providing for quarantining all vessels from
Chinese ports bringing passengers for a term
of 30 days. Laid over under the rules.
Santa Rosa, Dec. 17. A haud car con
taining seven persons collided with a flat car
on the main track of the Guernville branch
of the S. F. & 8. P. R. R., near Laguna,
last night, killing John P. Mcliale, a boy of
nine years of age. Two young ladies were
An Erring; Wire.
Martsville, Dec. 17. A young man of
genteel presence, aged about 27 years,
named Robert B. Lutton, said to have been
a druggist in San Francisco, diedt o-day in
this city from an overdose of morphia, self
administered. He is known to have arrived
here a few days ago, and it is said was in
search of a deluded wife whom he found in a
house' of ill-repute. After repeated ineffect
ual efforts to leave and return with him, in
fit of despondency he swallowed the fatal
draught which caused his death.
San Francisco, 17. Long Sing and Ah
Cum, who keep a pawnbroker's shop on
Jackson street, were arrested to-day on a
charge of petty larceny. They have been
buying up poll tax receipts from Chinamen
and selling them again to such celestials as
desired them, with a view to avoid the poll
tax law. 1
SAN FRANCISCO PBODCCE MARKET:
RKTORTKD BT RLKORAPB SPBCIAM.T FOH THIS FAPKR BY
i. R. PARISH, COMMERCIAL AOKNT, PORTLAND. OON.
Sas Francisco, December IT, 1878.
WHEAT Market opened dull and easier
owing to foreign advices. California extra
choice milling quotable, $1 75. Extra
choice shipping, $1 70(n:l 72. Offerings
very small. There were not transactions of
importance to-day. If a sale is pressed con
cessions are asked; if a buyer has to operate
full rates are demanded. Future state of
the market hinges on the weather.
OATS Price lists commences at $1 00
20 for common, with fair to good, $1 25
1 35. Choice to extra choice, $1 40
50. i. :,.'. . r -.Jf. . . v: :. .
FLOUR Oregon and Walla Walla firm at
$4 875 12.
The Too-obliging Man.
One morning one of the self -appointed
missionaries w as hovering about the Mik
street corridor of the Post Omce, and
watching for heathens in need of liiui,
when he saw a lady approach the regis
tered letter office, with a gray money
order peeping out of an envelope in her
hand.; Swift as Mercury lie flew for
ward. " This is not the money order
office, ma'am," he said bowing. "No,"
said she staring blankly at him. "The
money order omce is down stairs," he
went on. "Indeedj" she answered, turn
ing toward the registered window.
"Please let me show you the monty
order office," he cried, benevolently; " 1
know quite well where it is." "If you
wislL," she said, benevolently, and accom
panied lam down stairs. She was a
stately white haired old lady, and as he
noticed the admiring glances cast at her
by passers-by, the missionary s heart di
lated with enthusiasm. ' lie would have
willingly guided her over the whole
building, but he consented himself with
stopping at the money order office, and
saying: "There, ma'am." "Ah,, year'
said the lady, putting up her eyeglass.
"Money order office, ma'am." "Ah h
yes urn very nice," said she. "Won't
you please show me the way up stairs
againP "Don't you want your order
cashed V he asked, in a puzzled way.
"Oh, no!" Bhe said; "my husband always
does that for me. 1 was going to get a
registered letter on -this order display
mg a yellow slip), "but you seemed to
want to show me this' place; so I came
down. It's very nice." The guide dis
appeared, and she found her way out
herself, but smiled a wicked little smile,
and looked happy as she did so. She
was the only woman who ever conquered
the self-appointed missionary.
Many of our prominent street corners
are only stare ways,
Secretary Sher man oa SilTev
The market value of the silver! in the
dollar, at the date of the passage cf the
act, wag 93 cents in gold coin. Now
it is about 86 cent jn gold coin.; If it
was intended by Congress to adopt the
silver instead of the gold standard, the
amount provided for is totally inade
quate for the purpose. Experience, not
only m this country, but m Jburopean
countries, has established that a certain
amount of silver coin may be main
tained in . circulation at par with gold,
though of less intrinsic bullion value.
It was, no doubt, the intention of Con
gress to provide a coin in silver which
would answer a multitude of the pur
poses of business life without banishing
from circulation the established gold
coin of the country. To accomplish this
it is indispensable either tluit the silver
coin be limited in. amount, or that its
bullion value be eqoal to that of the
gold dollar. , If not, its use will be lim
ited to domestic purposes. It cannot be
exported except at iti commercial value
as bull'on. If issued in excess of de
mands for domestic purposes it will ne-
.i ... t i. i ; : n.ii
cessamy lail in marsei : vaiue. voiu
will be either hoarded or exported.
When two currencies, both legal, are au
thorized without limit, the cheaper alone
will circulate. If, however, the issue of
the sih er dollar is limited to an amount
demanded for circulation, there will be
no depreciation, and their convenient
use will keep them at par with gold, as
fractional silver coin, issued under the
act approved Feb. 21. 1853, was kept at
par with gold.
The amount of such com that can
thus be maintained at par with gold can
not be fairly tested until resumption is
accomplished. As yet paper money has
been depreciated, and silver dollars,
being receivable for customs dues, have
naturally notWtered into general circu
lation, but havV returned to the teasury
in payment of such dues, and thus the
only efi'ect of the attempt of the depart
ment to circulate them has been to , di
minish the gold revenue. After re
sumption these coins will circulate in
considerable sums for small payments.
To the extent that such demand wiil
give employment to silver dollars their
use will be an aid to resumption rather
than a hindrance, but if issued in excess
of such demand they will at once tend
to displace gold and become the sole
standard, and gradually, as they increase
in number, will fall in their valua as
bullion. ' Even the fear or suspicion of
such, an excess tends to banish gold,
and, if well established, will cause a
continuous drain of gold until impera
tive necessity will compel resumption of
silver alone. The serious effects of such
a radical change in our. standards of
value cannot be exaggerated; and its
possibility will greatly disturb confidence
in resumption, and may make necessary
larger reserves and further sales of !
bonds. . i
The Secretary, therefore, earnestly in
vokes the attention of congress to this j
subject, with a view that either during j
the present or next session the amount
of silver dollars to be. issued be limited,
or their ratio to gold for coining pur
poses be changed.
Gold and silver have varied m value
from time to time in the history of na
tions, and laws have" been passed to meet
this changing value. In our country by
the act of April 2, 1792, the ratio be
tween them was fixed at one of gold to
ff teen of silver. By the act of June
28, 1834, the ratio was changed to one of
gold to sixteen of silver. For more
than a century the market value of the ;
two metals varied between these two ra
tios, mainly resting at that fixed by the
Latin nations, of one to fifteen and a
half. : - ;"
But we cannot overlook the fact that
within a few years, from causes fre
quently discussed in Congress, a great
change has occurred m the relative value
of the two metals. It would seem to be
expedient to recognize this controlling
fact one that no nation alone can
change by a careful readjustment of
the ratio for coinage ot one to sixteen,
so as to conform to the . relative market
values of the two metals. The ratios
heretofore fixed were always made with
that view, and when made, did conform
as near as might lie. Now, that produc
tion and use of the two metals have
greatly changed in relative value, corres
ponding change must be made in the
outage ratio, mere is no peculiar
force or sanction in the present ratio
that should make ns hesitate to adopt
another, when in the markets of the
world, it is proven that such a ratio is
not now the true one. The addition of
one-tenth or one-eighth to the thickness
of the silver dollar would . scarcely be
perceived as an inconvenience by the
holder, but would inspire confidence, and
add gieatly to its circulation. As prices
are now based on United States notes at
par with gold, no disturbance of values
would result from the change. . i .
, It is respectfully submitted that the
United States, already so largely inter
ested in trade with all parts of the
world, and becoming, by its population,
wealth, commerce, and productions, a
leading member of the family of na
tions, Bhould not adopt a standard of
less intrinsic value than other commer
cial nations. Alike interested in silver
nd gold, as the great producing country
of both, it should, coin them at such a
ratio and on such condition as' will se
cure the largest nse and circulation of
both metals without dislocating either.
GqJd must necessarily be the standard
of value in great transactions, from its
greater relative value, but it is not capa
ble of the division required for small
transactions; while silver isindispensble
for a multitude of daily wants, it is too
bulky for use in the larger transactions
of business, and the cost of its trans
, portation for long distance would greatly
i increase the present rates of exchange.
It would, therefore, seem to be the best
policy for the present to limit the aggre
gate issue of silver dollars, based on the
ratio of sixteen to one, to such sums as
can clearly be maintained at par with
gold, when that ratio should be adopted,
and our coins made to conform to it;
and the secretary respectfully recom
mends that he be authorized to discon
tinue the coinage of the silver dollar
when the amount outstanding shall ex
This system of banks, though of recent
growth and adopted as an experiment
amid the necessities developed by the
civil war, has, under wise management,
become the most important business
agency in the country. Though still
under trial and subject at all, times to the
discretion of Congress to discontinue and
limit its existence and operations, it may
be fairly claimed, as already established
by experiment, that the system possesses
certain advantages' over any heretofoie
existing m the country, and possibly
only with a national system ; ;
1. The security cf the 'bill-holder
from loss through the failure of the
bank. " ' , -
2. The rapidity and certainty of the
detection and prevention of counterfeit
ing, from the fact that the notes are en
graved, printed and redeemed at the
3. The frequent and careful examina
tion of the banks, and the publication of
the detailed statements of their condi
4. Uniformity-and free t Sculation of
the.notes throughout the United States,
without respect - to the place of their
1 5. The admirable provisions by which
failing banks are placed in liquidation,
and their assets cheaply and promptly
applied to the payment ot creditors.
ihese and other advantages derived
to the public from a national system of
banks over a State system seem to to.be
fully demonstrated, and, though irksome
and apparently hard to the banks, are a
benefit and security to the stockholders
and a safeguard to the public.
lbe only franchise conferred by this
system that cannot be freely enjoyed by
private bankers under State law is the
power to issue circulating notes. This,
it is conceded, is a franchise conferred
by the government, but it is, not in the
nature of a monopoly. It may be exer
cised by any five persons who havoj the
means and will comply with the provis
ions of the law.
Whether the power to issue circulat
ing notes should be granted to private
corporations or be exercised only by the
government is purely a question of pub
lic policy and public interest. In be
half of a circulation issued by the gov
ernment, it ia claimed that the interest
is saved to the public on the full amount
of the notes issued. To this it is re
plied that the issue of such notes neces
sarily involves their redemption in coin,
and this can be secured only by coin re
serves and the ordinary machinery of '
banks. It the banks issue notes they .
expect to derive profit from thein. loan,
but this profit is diminished by the bur
den of redemption, by the large taxes
imposed upon the franchise, and by he
risk always incident to the issue of cir-
Milnt.incr nnfos : TIipra 9n wnsirlr-rfttiona ,.
which will no doubt enter into the ques
tion of the permanency of the national
banking system; but as the banks of
this system are each, organized under the
law for twenty years, and none of them
expire until June, 1883, it is respect
fully submitted that it is good policy to
continue the experiment until that date,
when the public mind will be better
prepared to consider the questions in
The Duke of Counaught.
I heard a story the other night which
roe? a long way to explain the Duke
of Connaught'8 popularity in the army.
One of the. Prince s fellow officers was
about to leave his regiment , Calling to
bid him farewell, His Eoyal Highness
was induced to promise him his carte
It was to arrive on the night before the
officer took his leave, but it did not
come. Early next morning the officer
was riding out of barracks, when, just
as he reached the gates, ; he heard his
name shouted by a breathless runner.
Turning round he saw Prince Arthur,
flushed and panting, rushing along at
full speed, and Tiolding up, in explana
tion of his unprincely haste, the prom
ised photograph. Something had hap
pened to prevent its presentation on the
nighty and the Prince had turned out
early in order that with his own lips he
might make apology for the apparent
breach of promise. . Very few men, I
imagine, would have taken that trouble
about a portrait which could be sent by
post, and I doubt if there is another
prince oi our own or any other reigning
family who would have done so. No
body except a prince couid have done it
without appearing fussy and, undigni
fied. But his tlioughtfulness and del
icacy made his comrade-in-arms all the
prouder. It ia no wonder that he ia
spoken of not only kindly but enthu
siastically. London Correspondent
; An honest Hibernian, trundinrr
hand cart containing all hia movables.
was accosxea oy a inena, wiui: "Well,
Patrick, you are moving again, I see,
"Faith lam," replied he. "The time
are so hard it's a dale, cheaper hiring
hand carts than paying rinta."
At one of the stations in Paris an old
lady is taking a nap as the ticket offico
is opened. A traveler seeing her asleep
approaches heft "Madame, the train ig
about to leave." "Oh, that ia all the
same to me." "Why I" "I am not go
ing. I come here every evening after
my uituier wseeme laces people make
who miss the train.'' Aaausement is a
matter of taste.