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About Corvallis gazette. (Corvallis, Benton County, Or.) 1900-1909 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 27, 1906)
A correspondent "writes asking when,
In our Judgment, heifers intended for
the dairy should Le first Lred. The
gen-nl opinion on the subject, and we
be.'-eve it is correct, says YTisconsin
Farmer, Is that heifers intended for
the dairy should be bred so as to
come In with their first calve3 at about
two years old. The milking function,
carried to the extent which good dairy
practice requires, is a highly artificial
one, and early breeding i:; one of the
steps nco?:-.iary to tLe iutealSeatioa
of the milking I.abit. If the heifer be
not bred early, she is likely to acquire
the habit of using the liberal though
not fattening food she should have for
the purpose of making Uesh. This, if a
Labit, is quite f.-ital to the usefulness
of the heifer intended for dairying.
Feeding, management, breeding, etc.,
should be direc- ted to its prevention
without, however, starving or stunting
the animal. It 's alleged, with some
show of truth, ''.at early breeding de
tracts from tliii size of the cow when
matured and a-so that it is likely to
have au advert iniluence upon consti
tution. As has been intimated, there is
probably some truth in both of these
objections to arly breeding, but the
world we live in is one to which we
nniL-t pay the price for anything we get
that is worth having.
It is proba'de that the intensifica
tion of any quality in the breeding of
domestic ;uiii;als is not attained with
out a sat-ri.'tce of something else.
Sometimes tlr sacrifice is one that can
well he made and sometimes it is one
that we woul i prefer not to make, but
in any event we must pay the c-Oot of
the quality v:e desire to exalt. That
early brooding does reduce size and
scale is altogether probable, but these
are qualities that are not particularly
essential in Iho dairy cow, and the
early breeding Is attended with conse
quences much more important to the
dairyman thi-.n any consideration of !
mere size. It Is possible, too, that con
stitution may suffer to some extent
from early breeding, but this, too. Is
one of the things that must be in part
eudured and iu part compensated by
the better ca;e and greater attention
to the protection of the cow from con
sequences of some little weakness Iu
It will not do to encourage the milk
ing faculty by every possible means,
early breeding included, and then al
low the cow to find her only shelter
against the winter blasts on the south
Bide of a wire fence or iu the vicinity
of a straw stack, but if care, shelter
and attention to the comfort of the
cow are given, that 'should be given,
the fact that she Is not quite so hardy
as a scrub rustler would be can well be
endured and indeed must be endured
if a profitable ("-airy cow Is sought for.
Heifers should therefore be bred, we
think, so a3 to come In fresh at about
two years old. The maternal function,
of which milking is but a branch. Is
thus encouraged early and made a
characteristic of the animal throughout
Dairy TaJk of Today
If dairymen would expose all milk
utensils to the sun and air there would
be less trouble from' poor milk. Strong
sunlight kills bacteria rapidly, and
when a can has uot been thoroughly
cleaned or a crack is left with a little
casein that will quickly spoil exposure
to the sunlight will to a great extent
remedy the carelessness of the dairy
man. ' MlVklts; Pop Pastime.
Every cow in tLe herd should return
a profit to her owner, but do they? If
they do not they should be discarded
and better ones substituted. Milking
isn't so much pleasure to many farm
ers that they would milk for pastime,
yet many are really doing so. Weed
out the unprofitable cows if It . takes
the whole herd.
Breeding Jersey Heifers.
Cecil A. Ttfdd of Toledo, O., writes
the Practical Farmer on this subject
as follows: One mistake a good many
farmers maks is in breeding Jersey
heifers too young. A much better way
Is to let them get their growth, at least
three years. Seep them in a separate
lot If necessary after they are eighteen
months old. If permitted to bring
calves before they have their growth
they make small cows and yield less
milk. The calves also are smaller, as a
rule. It is not always best to be in too
great a hurry to get ahead in the
world. A spac4 of six or nine months
is not so long t wait, and it is infinite
ly better for tht cow. Other things be
ing equal, a cow will sell for more at
any kind of sale,, public or private, if
she is of good average size.
A Convincing: Argument.
Lots of dairy farmers are halting by
the wayside, wondering if they had
better build a silo, says Hoard's Dairy
man. One thing is certain they will
never know any more about it where
they are. The Ohio experiment station
put the question to the following test:
They fed one lot of cows a heavy si
lage ration and another lot a heavy
grain ration. The result was in favoi
of the ensilage fed oow. As L. W.
Lighty says in the Ktional Stockman,
"Can we make more dollars handling
the corn grain by way of the crib or
the silo, stalks to be enalloed at tlw
earliest stage we usually cut It up to
the shock?" He hen, 25? Jtfc .result
Feeding the Milk Maker
Did It ever occur to you that there
will be as much difference in the ap
pearance of an animal fed upon well
developed grains of corn and one fed
upon shriveled kernels as there is dif
ference in appearance in the two kinds
Good Food at All Times.
Every breeder should have a com
plete understanding of his business and
the individual needs of each animal, so
that there will be no time in the year
when the cow may not have an abun
dance of good, rich, juicy foods best
suited for milk production.
Nothing Just as Good.
The dairy cow is the hardest worked
animal knawn. She must have the
very best fed to produce a large flow
of milk and nourish her overworked
body. It is a well known fact that the
same amount of green forage that will
satisfy an animal if allowed to dry out
and fed with an equivalent amount of
water will not satisfy its hunger. The
moisture contained in succulent. Juicy
feeds has therefore a great digestive
value to the remaining part of the feed.
Many mixtures have been given, such
as bran, beet roots, mashes and soaked
or wet feeds of various kinds, but none
of these has ever equaled in food value
green feed stored up in an air tight
receptacle, where it is preserved, as in
the case ef the silo, writes C. W. Me
lick of Kimball's Dairy Farmer. Silage
contains just enough lactic acid to
stimulate digestion, while the natural
unfermented foods do not.
Calf meals or milk substitutes are
manufactured in large varieties, and
there is abundant evidence that they
are extensively employed, a circum
stance which renders it opportune tG
give a warning to cattle breeders both
in respect to the quality aud the price,
for in many cases the latter is out of
all proportion to their true value at
the market rates for feeding stuffs,
and no calf meals, however well pre
pared, cau be worth some of the
prices quoted. While I strongly im
press upon stock owners the neces
sity of exercising caution and pru
dence in the purchase of milk substi
tutes, I do uot unreservedly condemn
or advise their nonuse. On the con
trary, there are several very satisfac
tory preparations on the market, pro
vided their prices are reasonable.
An Excellent Calf Food.
In case, Lower er, the market price
and quality of calf meals are dispro
portionate the following will be found
au excellent calf food, which, when
used with a small allowance of pure
linseed cake, has so far given the best
results in my experience: This may
be prepared by mixing two parts, by
weight, of oatmeal, two parts of corn
meal and one part of pure ground flax
seed, all of which should be finely
ground. This food should cost just
about half the price charged for soma
calf meals. It should be prepared foi
use by boiling with water and allow
ing to stand for twelve hours. Begin
ning with one-quarter pound per bead
per day for calves a month old, new
milk being- the proper food of the call
for the first month, the allowance may
soon be Increased to one-half pound
and more per day as the calf becomes
older. This ration may be profitably
supplemented by one-half pound to on
pound of pure linseed cake per head
per day. W. R. Gilbert In American
8tona In Queer Places.
A round stone is found in the
joints of certain kinds of bamboo.
This is called "tabasheer" and is
supposed to be deposited from the
siliceous juices of the cane. Anoth
er curiosity of this sort is the "co
coanut stone," found in the en
dosperm of the cocoanut in Java
and other East Indian islands. It is
a pure carbonate of lime, and the
form of the stone is sometimes
round, sometimes pear shaped,
while the appearance is that of a
white pearl without much luster.
Some of these stones are as large
as cherries and as hard as feldspar
or opal. They are very rarely found
and are regarded as precfus stones
by the orientals and as charms
against disease or evil spirits by the
natives." Stones of this kind are
also found in the pomegranate and
in other East Indian fruits. - Apa
tite has also been discovered in teak
Insects and Odor.
The ordinary perfumes of every
day life have a distinct use in the
destruction of microbes and this is
especially the case with some of the
essential oils which are used in
cooking and in medicine. Cinna
mon, which is so universally used
for flavoring, will kill some mi
crobes within a quarter of an hour,
and it has long been reputed as ad
vantageous in the destruction of the
bacillus of typhoid while still out of
the body, perhaps a very different
thing from the bacillus when it is
inside our anatomy. Cloves, too,
can destroy some specimens of bac
teria in rather more than half an
hour, and the common wild verbena
has a similar action in about three
quarters of an hour, while geranium
flowers Lave a similar action, though
it takes rather longer to develor it.
Breeding the :
The modern Percheron stands sixteen;
bands high and over, weighs from 1,700
to 2,200 pounds and is white, gray or
black in color. He has an intelligent
head of a type peculiar to the breed,
rather small eara and eyes; short,
' Etroa-jly muscled neck; strong, well
laid shoulders and chest; a plump, ro:
tund body ; strong back, heavy quarters
and somewhat drooping croup. He
usually is low down and blocky', on
short, clean, legs, devoid of feather and
has well shaped, sound hoofs.
The pasterns in some individuals of
tb.D b:'3ed Incline to uprightness, and
size of bone and development of ten
dons are somewhat deficient. The ae-
A GOOD TYPJ5 OF DBAFX IIOKSE.
This is the type of horse that is v-anteii
for moving freight in all cit:os. There "io
money value in every colt of this class.
tiou of a Tercheron is usually fast at
a trot and fairly straight and sprightly
at the walk. The best individuals hvo
superior all around action. The object
tionable individuals ' roll in action c'
fare legs or slough at the walking gait.
Stallions having oblique pasterns auj
action free from the faults noted
should be selected by breeders.
The draft horse3 of France m".1;
than those of any other country have
had a beneficial, ameliorating eHect
upon our uative horse stock. The Ter
cheron breeds true to breed type, al
though individual prepotence is so:i:e
i what lacking. He has become popular
because of hi3 docile disposition, easy
keeping qualities, clean, hairless
activity . and general adaptability to
many purposes upon the farm and i:v
the city. Percherons of the heaviest
weight and largest frame beget from
suitable mares horses adapted fo-;
heavy draft purposes. In general u'e
they have also stocked the country with
horses of somewhat lighter build, in
cluding excellent expressers. farm
chunks and general purpose animals.
Where the blood of this breed predomj
inates in a district no other breed
should be used. Continued breeding. i
a right line Is highly advisable and will
result In the production of practically
pure bred horses of great usefulness
and value, says a writer In Farm, Field
and Fireside. ;
Breeding the Horns Off.
Professor Spillman of the department
of agriculture In his recent address
said it is only a matter of time under
the application of Mendell's law of
heredity on animal breeding when the
horns may be hred off cattle,, and he
said: "The operation of the law is ab
solute and certain, and in getting rid
of the horns of any breed of cattle it Is
only necessary to apply the principles
of the law and tLe Lorns disappear,
never to return, unless the breeder de
sires to grow them again. One of the
first Items In 'the application of thi.
law is to find what characteristics art
possible to be transmitted. In cattl.
horns and color can- be transmitted."
The same law of breeding. he said, ap
plies to plants, etc. It is the same lav
by which Luther Burbank of California
Is governed in breeding up plants, flow
ers, etc. selection and mating in ani
mals according to characteristics nr.!"
poillnlzation !n plant bi-eeilug and ?.
. Of Young Love
Horace Bradbury and Julia Ins lee
were of a very simple type of young lov
ers. One would naturally suppose that
they would twine together like two
vine shoots. Their hearts did, but they
did not. This was not because there
were obstructions in the way of their
union, for there were not It was a
simple natural perversity.
In the first place, Horace took a long
time to discover that he wanted Julia
so long indeed that every one else, in
cluding the object of his affection,
knew it long before he did himself.
Horace at last fouud out the secret
of his heart, and when he did he burn
ed to tell it at once to the girl he loved.
He chose the first opportunity that pre
sented itself, and that was not a pro
pitious one. They" were together on a
nutting party with a large number of
young people of their own age. Horace
asked Julia to saunter away from the
others with hint. Julia knew at a
glance his object in going and with a
natural feminine perversity, together
with a desire to punish him for taking
so much time before making his dec
laration, threw straws in his way.
"What do you want to so away from
all the fun for?" she asked.
"I want to show you something."
"A bridge below over the creek. If s
a nice place to sit and talk."
i "What do you want to talk about?"
" Tve something important to tell
you." - - " " " "
"Srapotrel dont want t hear It." -
Horace " was mruwu inti auna&. n
hadn't occurred to him that she would
not wish to hear what he had to say.
"Well, ""then,' he "said, "I suppose
there's no use in telling you," and,
walking away, he joined some one
The two did not come together again
till shortly before the time of de
parture. Then Julia was very gracious.
Horace's brow was cloudy. Julia re
marked that there would be time for' a
walk : before going home. Horace said
there would be only time for a very
short walk, and he didn't care for a
- "I thor.sht you had something to tell
me?" said Julia: :" '
"I had," said Horace.
".What has become of it?" asked
"You didn't want to hear it, and I'm
keeping it for sorae one else."
Julia looked saber. She said noth
ing for awhile, but when she did it
formed a very important link in these
very ordinary proceedings!
"Jim Hawkins wanted me to walk
to the bridge with him awhile ago,"
Jim Hawkins was Horace's only
rival that is, he would have been had
norace had a rival. At any rate, his
name at this critical juncture struck as
much terror into Horace as the name
of the Black Douglas in days of old
into little children. But perversity is
not solely a feminine trait.
"Why didn't you go?" he remarked.
"It wouldn't have been very nice of
me to go with him when I had refused
to go with you."
"Maybe he had something to tell
"If he had I didn't want to hear it."
Circumstance as : well as perversity
has something to do with such cases,
and in this case circumstance inter-
fered jr.st as the matter was in a
fair way to Le straightened out. Mary
Dale, the oul3- girl Julia was afraid of
so far as Horr.ee was concerned, came
up and reminded Horace that he had
promised to show her the waterfall up
the creek a bit. Horace said that he
would not only keep his promise, but
be very glad to do so.
' When Horace and Mary returned the
picnic was breaking up and the young
people were putting the empty lunch
baskets into the wagons. Horace looked
about for Julia and failed to see her.
He hunted for her and found her sit
ting behind a big tree crying. Wom
an's tears are to a man what oil is to
hardened putty. Horace softened.
"What's the matter?" he asked, in a
"I'm disappointed," she sobbed, dab
bing her handkerchief into her eyes.
"I've always wanted to see that
bridge and now we're going home and
This was a surprise to Horace. He
"Would you like to go to the bridge
now?" he asked presently.
"How'll we get home?"
"We'll have to walk, I expect."
',:i"I don't know that I can walk so
; . "I think you can. ' It's only seven
'Some one cried "All aboard!"
; "Can you do it?"
'Julia made no reply. The tree was
between her and the wagons and she
was; waiting for them to be gone.
The wagons once on their way, Hor
ace and Julia waited till the shouting
of the boys and girls died away in the
distance, then Julia arose and the two
walked down the creek toward Hhe
bridge. " - -
;The story had already been told.
WLat use to trudge a mile to tell It
again In words? And were any words
spoken? If they were . they, were
doubtless but three, and could have
been said at any time.
The pair sat by the bridge five min
utes, then got up and proceeded to pay
for the privilege of having done so by
a three hours' tramp to town. Was It
paying for the privilege or was it an
additional happiness? One must eithef
be very ycung or have a good memory
to answer the question.
. The Lobster an Idiot.
The best naturalists remain tim
orous enough and hesitate to dog
matize. Take the case of the lob
ster. Poke him here, he does this;
poke him there, he does that; poke
a thousand of him in the same way,
and they do the same things. Shall
we therefore conclude that the lob
ster lacks mentality, that he's a
mere machine and that he doesn't
even know he's a lobster? By no
means. All we can affirm with sci
entific justice is that apparently
and only apparently he's an idiot.
The way to know for sure is to be
a lobster ! Boston Transcriot.
She Knew About Petes-.
A visiting pastor wai e.Taramirto
the Sunday school of a (xermantov
church a few Sundays ago and had
asked the class just in front of him
if any member of it could tell arij
thiag about the Apostle Peter, u
little girl with a precocious; face
raised her hand. "Come up here,
my little lady," said the minister.
"I. am much gratified to see that
you have remembered your lessor.
Kow tell the school what you kry
about Peter." The little tot rr
quite willing to show off her know7
edge and commenced, "Peter, Peter,
pumpkin eater, had a wife and
couldn't keep her; put her in a"
The school never head where he
put her on account of the genera
uproar. -Philadelphia Eecord.
Miss Rose Irgram,iha Monroe pot t
rah tress, left yesterday for home,
having come iu Saturday for ihe
All hats at cost, fiom this date,
at Mrs. C. Maxneld's 96-99
Moses Kline came up from Portland
Saturday and spent Sunday with relati
Get a Boj 's Suitifree at Kline's.
Born, Saturday, to Mr. and Mrs.
Bjjdie, a daughter.
Have your eyes fitted by one who
knows how Matthews, the opticiar .
Dolpb Kerr arrived Satutday from
Silverton and was the guest over San
day of his parents, Mr. and Mrs. Sam
Kerr. Dolph is book keeper for the
Fischer mill at Silverton.
When you want a good oyster
stew, fry or cocktail, call at the
Commercial restaurant. 95H"
Mr. and Mrs. W. G. Cathey of Gres
ham are to arrive tcday for a visit
with their sod, Dr. B. A. Cathey, and
Starrs Bakery has secured the
services of Dick Llewellyn, the
wonderful bread maker. 89tf
A marriage license was issued yesterday
to Lewis HanEon and Kela Able, both of
$3.50 for $2.00. The last opportunity
to obtsin season tickets for the Corvallis
Lyceum Courte, at Graham & Worth
' In the Year 2000" Corvallis Lyceum
Course Satun ay, December 1.
Fresh, YaquiDa bay oysters, at the
Commerical restaurant. f5tf
Neil Newbouee and S. H. Moore left
yesterday morning for near Goldendale,
WpsIi, to lock after business. It is re
pr-!eri tht-v will insiect some saw mill
property with a view to purchasing.
Save money by buying jour
walches and jewelry of Matthews'
the optician and jeweler. 84' f
' In the Year2000," Coivaliis Lyceum
CoureeSaturday, December 1.
Lost Saturday night on Main street
between K. N. White residence aud
Hodes grocery, a light colored telescop
ontaining woman's clothing. Finder
leave at Gazette office.
Thanksgiving will soon be
here. Nolan's stock of Table
Linen6 and Napkins ver com
plete. Special prices this
P. H. Kaltz the piano tuner is at the
Hotel Corvallis for a few days. 96
Tafeen up by undersigned at my place
5 "niles southwest of Philomath on the
Wagoner place on October 29, '06 one
.Holsteia tow brand 0. on left hip blind
in right eye. J. H. Owen?,' Corvallis Or-
' - ; ' ; -. ' ' 97tf
New line Cloaks, Suits, Skirts.
Rain coats and Shirt Waists
just received at Nolan's.
FOUND Saturday "evening at' the
Commercial ' restaurant a gold ring.
Owner please call at the restaurant, an t
prove' property and pay for the adver
tisement Miss Thia Johnson returned to Albany
yesterday morning and will remain for
four weeks. She is assisting her' unc-e
in the Royal bakery. j
See 2erolf for all kinds, of prase
seed, orchard, .timothy and clover
seed. . ' 74tf
Clyde and Claire Starr ef OAC go to
their home at Belletountain tomorrow
for a holiday visit with their parents.
NewGoodsall thetime a1 Nolan's-
George Honck of Engene was amont;
those who took in the football - game in
this city Saturday.
John Fisher is to ba brought to Cor
vallis today from the ranch to receive
medical attention, as he i3 in very poor
New line Men and Boys' Suits
Overcoats Rain coats and W- L.
Dou las shoes just received at
Joseph Edwards was in from Belle
fountain veste.rday and took home two
through bred stock sheep which he had
8'iipped from British Columbia.
There is to be a pipe organ recital at
the Congregational church December 7th
given by Prof. Taillandier, assisted by
Miss Sheehy, head of the vocal depart
ment, atid aa excellent program is assur
ed. Il'-iiry nn.i Delpha HeanH of Monroe
came up Saturday to witnfss the ball
game Hii i HenJ Sunday witututir sister,
Mrs Ame!ia Schnh"-'.
mainspring t -r
1 clean for $1 :
aH work cuar
Among the out-of-town guests who at -
tended the OAC-U. of O. football game
Saturday were: Frank and Henry New
comb, Bridge and C Woolridge, Qrr
Kyle, and Ralph and Lydia Dean, all of
The Ladies' Aid Society of the
M. E. church will hold Thanke
eivire market at JtJI" kledge'a
furr' !' store tomorrow. Patrc-,1
nize ibeui. 96
An alarm of fire at the A; K. Boss re
sidence called but the department at six
o'clock last night.
Real Estate Transfers.
Gerard Taillandier ard wife
to Mrs H B Tripp, lots 9 and io,
block 21, Jobs addition to Cor
GM Missall and wife to J J
Johnston, 10 acres west of Al
B F Hyland to Levi Oren, z
acres north of Coivaliis; $200.
W R Hardman and wife to A
H Howard, 2 acres west of Belle
A H Howard and wife to Ida
Miller, 2 acres west of Bellefcun
O & C R R Co to Ida Miller,
40.58 acres west of Bellefountain;
Sol King to E E Smith, 30
acres northwest of Corvallis;
The Harrington Agitator.
Just completed, a coinpiessed
Air Washer. Theie is r.othir.g
to get cut of order. I will war
rant it to last fifteen , years il car
ed for. It will wash all classes of
goods. The price is $2.50, its
weight is three pound:-.
A Liberal Offer.
I wil give fifty dollars to the
person who can find any two
crank or lever wasbeis in the
United States that can do the
woik ot ore of the Harrington
Agitators in all kinds of wash
ing, both heavy and light.
Now come and see me. You
have nothing to lcose. All I
gain is adv.enising. Always at
home. Yours for all there is in
it. R. S. Harrington,
Leave orders at J.
A GLIrViPSE OF SPAIN.
The Manner of a Wedding Dance In
The wedding dance was being
held in a long, narrow building near
a fountain, and we entered on a
smooth earth floor. Seats were ar
ranged about the sides of the white
washed room, and the low rafters
wexe draped and festooned with fan
cy wall paper with gold scrolls in it.
The music was furnished by a piano
organ at one end of the long room,
turned in rotation' by a number of
small1 boys in their clean blue
blouses and ' brown corduroy
breeches, who felt their importance,
and at the other end of the room
a table was spread with' cakes and
bread and a wine concoction . very
sweet and pleasant, but seductive.
The women, some bringing their
babies, were a pleasant set, but not
beautiful, although a few,' with
their large dark eyes, came very
near to it. They did not wear the
gay costumes of my imagination,
But their dresses showed great care
and conscientious-patching. A gay
handkerchief was often folded
around the neck and across the
breast, and large earrings and big
breastpins were the vogue even
among the young women. The men
wore broad brimmed black felt hats
and 1 clean blue1 ' blouses, corduroy
trousers, either light tan or brown,
and the long red or black sash belt,
called a "faja" 'wound many times
about the waisf, the folds sprvin
as pockets, for. cigarettes, tobacco
pouch and the' villainous knife that
every one carries.
The dances' were "round" inter
spersed with a square dance, where
four people comprised, a set a sort
of fandango, with lots of stamping
and attempts at lithe, serpentine
motions, with the hands raised
above the head. There was a very
old man who danced with great
gusto and amused the crowd of
young people, who encouraged him
with clapping of hands. Edward
Penfield in Scribners .
That Ia gucessfnl "With n
A grower of sugar beets, describing
his method In Denver Field and Farm,
gives some essential points as follows:
While some of my neighbors in fact,
most of them have been content to
plow six or eight inches deep, I have
experimented by plowing to a depth
of fourteen, aud I think I have demon
strated the advantage of that kind of
plowing. I am a firm believer in the
efficacy of subsoiling. Some years ago,
when I first began raising beets, I
j subsoiled several strips of land, and
for years these strips produced much
larger crops than the pieces on either
side of them, although all the land bad
the same care otherwise.
I always plow In the fall. I have had
to pay as high as $4 an acre to get my
land turned over in the fall, but I
T- est baker evf 5n Corvallis
is V-f huTg,' at Small'c Bkery.
Economy Fruit- arn b.. Zierr.lf's.