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About Corvallis gazette. (Corvallis, Benton County, Or.) 1900-1909 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 16, 1906)
Good Results From Dark Roomi and
From experience I have Ijpund tlxat
onions should be stored in crates in i
room which must be kept closed, air
tight and as nearly frost proof as pos
sible. Onions will kee; as long as
they are kept dry- regardless of tem
perature. By putting the onions in the
storage during a cold, dry day we ob
tain a minimum of humidity. Keep
ing the room closed, no more moisture
can enter. Should the temperature of
the storage rise the air will become
relatively drier, since warm air will
hold more moisture than cold air. The
room being closed, the air can only
absorb moisture from the onions, which
consequently become drier. Should
the temperature drop below the orig
inal temperature then the humidity
will become greater, but not sufficient
ILLINOIS EE1 ONIONS.
This basket of red onion3 was exhibited
at the 1U05 Illinois state fair. They were
large, smooth, uniform', crisp and won
a first prize.
to reach the saturation point, and,
moreover, the outside shells of the on
ions are yuiie hydroscopic. Whenever
we have to take out onions we do this
as quickly as possible, even avoiding
the use oi' a lamp. If any sorting or
ucreeuiug has to be done we do this
outside, as our breath and the combus
tion of u lamp would form moisture.
,Ve keep the room absolutely dark.
During a long continued cold spell
the temperature will occasionally drop
far below the freezing point. In that
"case we do not touch the onions, but
wait until the temperature has risen
again above freezing. The tempera
ture in the building, of course, lags
considerably behind the outside tem
perature, and we may have to wait a
day or two, but the onions then al
ways come out uninjured. We always
keep a small quantity of onions stored
In a cellar for immediate demand to
tide over a cold snap. This winter I
Intend to place dishes with chloride of
potash In the room to keep the air as
idry as possible and to use a hydrome
ter to test the humidity. I have kept
onions perfectly this way until the
middle of May, says a contributor to
Two years ago I filled my silo in the
ordinary way, and about seven inches
of the surface spoiled. On the sides
and corners at least twice as much
rotted. The past year only three inches
on the top and five at the sides and cor
ners spoiled. The silage immediately
Under the spoiled portion was a better
quality than any I had ever put up in
fact, about perfect. This smaller los3
was due to wetting the silage as it
came from the cutter. I attached a
hose to the water tank and arranged it
so that the water would fall upon the
cut corn just ns it came from the silage
cutter. Sufficient was applied to thor
oughly wet, a!! the fodder. This method
Is much easier than raising the water
In pails and distributing It In that
way. I believe that this wetting of the
corn is an important factor In the mak
ing of silage. J. N. In Orange Judd
The crop reporting board of the bu
reau of statistics of the department of
agriculture finds Sept. 1:
The average condition of rye when
harvested was 5)0.5 against 90.S report
ed Sept. 1, 1905, S6.9 reported Sept. 1,
1904, and a ten year average of 86.5.
The average condition of buckwheat
on Sept. 1 was 91.2 against 93.2 one
month ago, 91.S on Sept. 1 1905, 91.5
at the corresponding date in 1904 and-
a ten year average of SS.4.
The average condition of tobacco on
Sept. 1 was SG.2 against S7.2 on-!
month ago, S5.1 on Sept 1, 1905, 83.7
at the corresponding date In 1904 and
a five year average of 81.S.
The average condition of potatoes on
Sept. 1 was S5.S against 89 one month
ago, 80.9 on Sept. 1, 1905, 91.6 at the
corresponding date In 1904 and a ten
year average of 79.2.
SELECTING SEED CORN.
redlsrce a Point at the Bfichlffam
Professor Clinton D. Smith gives
some scientific Information In regard
to selecting seed corn In Iowa Home
stead, In which he says:
The lesson cannot be Impressed too
soon that you cannot pick out seed
corn by the appearance of the ears. If
corn breeders could come to the Mich
igan Agricultural college and see the
Ptodpctf ears to 4" iteu,t jafl pag.
poses ailks in form 'they wouiiT receive
; some light on this topic. , . ' '
I Our plan of corn selection is this:
j Let each farmer select a dozen or ,
! twenty ears this fall, selecting them
' before harvest, and take them fromi
stalks that suit. Put these ears away
j where they will dry thoroughly before
- freezing and keep them warm and dry
; through the winter. Jfext spring go to
the windward side of the cornfield
after it is thoroughly prepared and
marked. Shell one ear and plant the
first row as far as the ear will plant
it, saving perhaps 150 kernels not
planted. Take ear No. 2 and plant It
in row No. 2, and so on until the whole
number of ears for seed have been
planted. Cultivate the field as usuaL
Next fall harvest each row separately
and save the seed corn from the row
giving the largest yield. This seed
corn will be partly cross bred. In case
the farmer is willing to do it let him
remove the tayel from each alternate
row and save ihe seed from the detas
' seled row, thus insuring a harvest free
from inbred ears. - ' i
Where he finds two" rows alike In '
most respects and conforming to his
ideal, let him note the ears which fur
nish the seed for those two rows. Then
the next spring let him plant ,the small
amount of . seed he has saved from
those two ears side by side In a field
away from his cornfield if possible, de-
tasseling each alternate hill , or de-
tasseling all the stalks growing from
one of the ears, thus Insuring cross fer
tilization and strong seed. These de
tasseled hills so selected should fur
nish him bis best seed, but until this
shall have increased enough to furnish
him the desired quantity let him save
his seed from the best row of his first
selection. Naturally at the colleges
we go further and keep selecting a
dozen of the best ears from each row
and plant them separately, an ear to
the row, saving the best ears from the
best rows. In this way we insure im
provement because we know the pedi
gree. In conclusion, it is the duty of the
agricultural press and the stations to
warn farmers 'against selecting corn
by the sole standard of the pretty ear
which wins the prize at the fair. Such
selection is a delusion and a snare.
'me ARparlsgna Bed.
If manure is applied to the asparagus
bed In autumn or before the frost is
out of the ground in the spring it pre
vents the frost from coming v out of
the ground and so keeps back the
growth unless the manure applied is
very fine and is at once cultivated Into
the soil. Sometimes such treatment
will keep the sprouts from starting for
Si week or more at a season when It la
most relished. Green.
Best Stock Is Cheapest.
All favor the practice of economy; It
is part of the business of life. True
economy comes in practice here. Sup
pose two cows are in the market, cost
ing $20 and $50 respectively, and the
question Is which to buy, we should
consider what each cow will do. If
the twenty dollar cow makes $30
worth of butter and the fifty dollar
cow makes $75 In a given time, why
Isn't the latter by far the more eco
nomical? The cheap cow will consume
as much as the higher priced. In
Maine the farmers are losing more In
this matter than elsewhere. The qual
ity of a farm animal determines in a
measure the profit of the farm. It is
not necessary to breed pure thorough
bred animals, but those which will
yield their product at a profit. Anoth
er point: Is it economy to use a cheap
bred or scrub sire or the pure bred for
double the cost? I think the latter
cheaper in the end. Our stock inter
ests grow poorer every year. I can
see a decrease in the quality and value
of our farm animals. When stock is
high buyers take the best to send to
Brighton, and we do business with the
rest. We must retrograde, for It Is
impossible to advance in quality under
such conditions. George Plummer,
Penobscot County, Me., in American
Not All Cows Alike.
It Is true that a very large per cent
of our dairy cows are absolutely un
productive, never paying their own ex
pense. Is It not far better to keep fif
teen cows all of which are liberal pro
ducers than to add to this number
another fifteen that are not self sup
porting? The second fifteen are kept
up by the profit of the first fifteen,
but how Is the owner to be kept up
This very difficulty with which we -art
so heavily burdened must be removed!
before a dairy can te made profitable.
But how are we ghg to judge which
animals are profitable and which are
unprofitable? By the milk sheet, a
pair of milk scales and the Babcock
test. At the end 'of each" month we
can tell exactly how much milk and
butter fat each cow In the herd has
produced and hence how much money
she has made. From this amount thf
expense of keeping her could be de
ducted and the remainder credited to
her account as profit for month.
Professor B. H. BawL
Falsifying P edifices.
The life of a breed' depends upon
the honesty of the men- who make out
tbi pedigrees, and there should -b
severe punishment for a man. who de
liberately falsifies a "pedigree or cer
tificate of breeding. It Is due cattle
breeders, however, to say that theli
transaction have been remarkably
tree from ugr tampering with. pedJ
grea. Holte fWariaa Bntfitaj.
Feeding Milk Cattle
. Hoot crops cost more ta produce than
corn ensilage, but are more convenient
for a small herd. The cows like car
rots best and do not tire of rations of
roots if mixed with carrots, says a
Pennsylvania farmer In American Cul
tivator. ' ;
Fooda That Taiat MOIc'
The feed should be good and free
from aromatic substances. It these
aromatic foods are used they should
be employed according to those meth
ods which will not cause odors or, fla
vors In the milk.
Look to the Pasture. -r '
The all round food for milk cows is
grass. Therefore look well to the pas
tures and see that their quality Is Im
proved. ' : '
Study the Cow's Needs. ,
Each individual in the herd should
be studied and given the care that she
requires for best production, .says
Farm Journal. ' '
Two sisters stood side by side in a
herd. One required bulky, light food
to cause her to do her best. The other
required more concentrated food with
No herd of cows can ever.be real'7
profitable unless they receive just this
L careful attention.
Grind the Hay and Stover.
Alfalfa meal is a standard commod
ity on the feed market, yet I see but
little in print as to the results of feed
ing It, but the few dairymen, says L.
W. Lighty In National Stockman, I
heard speaking about the experience
they had with it seemed very ' favor
able. A prominent Pennsylvania dairy
man a few days ago told me he is
about putting in grinding machinery
that will handle the timothy and mixed
hay and reduce them to a fine ground,
crushed condition. Who ever tried this
practically? Is there any available in
formation in the experiment station re
ports? I would not like to commit my
self, but it seems to me theoretically
that we could do the rougher part of
the chewing cheaper with gasoline or
alcohol power than with cow power. It
,has been amply demonstrated that
feeding the cow easily digested fevJ
eaves f eed.
& LOAN j
Miss Beyard was staying at her
aunt's cottage at Newport. Miss Bey
ard was rich; her aunt was rich. I
was rich myself or I would not have
wasted time courting Miss Beyard.
Poor (young) people think that when
there is plenty of money in a family
the sons and daughters can afford to
marry for love. It's done exactly the
other way. The poor must marry the
poor, for we rich people have no matri
monial use for them.
I received a note from Miss Beyard
saying that she had something to tell
me which she couldn't very well write.
Considering that there was a courtship
on between us, this was quite enough,
and there was no use in my going. It
meant that I might look elsewhere for
a wife. I wrote her to that effect, then
tore up my letter. After all, I would
prefer to receive my formal dismissal
from her UpsN I was curious to kaow
If her heart was going with her hand.
I took the evening boat for Newport
and called the next afternoon.
"Who is he?" I asked.
"Who has told you? o one but
Aunt Adeline and I and he knows any
thing about it It has been somewhat
"I guessed it from your note."
"How bright of you! He Is Lord
I was astonished. Bingleton had been
over some months. He .had brought
letters to me, and I had put him under
obligations. He knew nothing of my
wishes with regard to Miss Beyard.
He was one of the British aristocracy
who had come over to America for a
The reason for my astonishment was
that Miss Beyard Is a. superior girl
and I had supposed quite above such
a sale. I considered the price alto
gether insufficient, especially as Miss
Beyard, was worth $5,000,000. How
ever, a title Is a good thing for a wom
an of means to have in the family.
"Well," I said, "It only remains for
me to wish you a pleasrjft life among
British peers and peeresses."
"You don't seem very regretful," she
"You want a title; therefore I want
you to have a title. If you needed my
assistance to get one you should have
"That" s very kind of you." I arose.
"Are you going so soon?"
"Yes. There's nothing mutually inter
esting for us to chat about. Goodby. I
hope there will be no slip between you
and your wish."
She didn't look altogether satisfied as
she offered me her hand and bade me
That evening Bingleton called on me.
"I heard you were here and came up
at once. I have news for you. One of
your American belles has been unwise
enough to throw herself away on ma"
"Yes; that pretty Miss' Beyard no
end of money In her own right. You've
been very kind to me thus far, old
chappie, but I've got a harder nut for
you to crack now. The sums you have
advanced are bagatelles compared with
what I need now. I've got to keep up
this expenditure for three months.
Then comes the wedding, with Its- pres
ent to the bride. My uncle's bequest
won't be paid for a year. That's an
die security I have to gtre. I mean
I ha vent any to give at att."
Z ka4 said only that da to Him. Bey-
you snouia nave rc Here- was- a
chance to help her by helping Lord
"How much do you need?" I asked. ;
"I could get on with $10,000."
"Nonsense! You need $30,000." I
took a check book from a trunk and
wrote him a check for $30,000. "You
will average up $10,000 a month as
Miss Beyard's fiance. No gush, please.
There's no obligation. I know you wiii
be good for the amount."
In a few days I received a note from
Miss . Beyard asking me to call. I
dropped in an hour before dinner. I
saw at once there was something on
her mind. She looked at me with the
same expression .as before her Bingle
"When you told me the other day,"
she said, "that if I needed your as
sistance in my affair .with Lord Bin
gleton you would give it I didn't think
I should have to thank you for it sc
"What do you mean?" I asked is
"You have supplied his temporary
"Has he gone daft, to tell you about
itr v '
"My aunt knows his people in Eng
land and knows that very, soon he will
come into 100,000. She also knows
that meanwhile he would not be able
to' live as we do during our engage
ment. She offered him temporary as
sistance. He told her that he had just i
made a loan from the 'best fellow in
America' and in the exuberance of his
enthusiasm gave her your name."
I never was more astonished in my
life. Miss Beyard could thave knock
ed me down with a feather.
The next afterqoon Bingleton came
up to me at the casino, his smiling face
big with intelligence.
"She's told me all. What a deucedly
funny affair, to be sure! I congratu
late you, old chappie. But, I say, do
vou need that thirty thousand? There
Is a second best, you know, and I ex
pect to land her tonight. Ten million
sure and perhaps more. But" his
face falling "she's not Miss Beyard."
I begged him to keep the thirty thou
sand as long as he needed it. I was
happy a few days later when he told
me that he had secured the $10,000,000.
D. FISK BRADY.
The Southern Gaucho Wears the Big
' gest Trousers on Record.
Our friend the gaucho is as much
in evidence along the line to the
west as to the south in Argentina.
He still sticks to the inevitable
poncho, hut he has .discarded the
chirpa, a blanketlike garment that
the southern gaucho wears around
his legs, or bombachos, which is the
name for absolutely the largest
trousers on record.
The bombachos in the first place
were, I believe, brought to Argen
tina by the Basques-. The things
went straight to the heart of the
gaucho, and he adopted them at
once. Only Re has steadily insisted
on amplifying them, until today one
leg of a pair of bombachos will
house a small family. There is no
particular point of utility to be
urged for these wind bags, but they
serve to make their wearer a con
spicuous figure when he rides into
town, which is reason enough for
The recado or saddle used in the
west is much the same as in the
south. It consists of a couple of
smooth pieces of wood to be laid
on a blanket behind the horse's
withers. Over these several thick
nesses of fleece or soft blankets are
strapped, a pair of stirrups thrown
over the whole and the recado is
ready for use. This sounds like a
crude arrangement, and such it
often is. Nevertheless I have heard
a number of Englishmen who have
use$ it claim that the recado .gives
a knee grip in the soft blankets
that insures a seat more sure than
that possible in any saddle of hard
. The most inseparable companion
of the gaucho of the west is his ri
benka, or whip. This has a heavily
loaded handle about a foot and a
half long, which terminates ' in a
thick single or double throng of
rawhide of the same length as the
handle. The handle is sometimes
covered with hide or, again, heavily
inlaid with silver. A blow from the
handle of a ribenka will fell a horse,
and a cut from its lash will tear
open a gash in the flank of a tough
The gaucho of the south-fights
with his knife in one hand and his
folded poncho in 'the other as a
shield. The western gaucho sub
stitutes the ribenka for the poncho
and must make a far more formida
ble opponent. His great facon, or
knife, reposes "most of the time in
his belt. His ribenka never leaves
his hand during the day, and at
night he sleeps with the thong of
it about his wrist. - Los Angeles
Times. . . ..
A Ride' on a Donkey.
Small Boy Can I have a ride on
Ma No, dear. Your papa 6ays-
you are not to have one.
SmaU Boy Why can't I have s
ride on a donkey?
Ma (to her husband) Oh, foi
goodness' sake, James, give him c
Vide on your back, and flee if itfB
keep him quiet 1 -
Dr. B. A. Cathev arrived
home Wednesday from Portland,
where Monday morning his son,
George Cathey, was operated on
for catarrhal appendicitis, at
Good Samaritan hospital. The
young man rallied from the oper
ation and there is every . promise
ot a speedy recovery "and a res
oration to perfect health.
Economy Fruit Jars at Zierolfe.
One of the encores given by the noted
reader, Mrs. Lulu Tyler Gates at the op-'
era house "Wednesday evenine, was a
sketch which represented a Sunday
school teacher instructing her javanile
Class on the subject of Moses. "Iso
children," said the teacher, "when tl e
superintendent asks you "about Moses
you must renapmber three things to say
Moses was a good man, an auBtere man.
and he made atonenipnt for 'the sins of
his peopffe." Later the cla stood be
fore the superintendent. "Johnny, can
you tell me anything about Moses, the
subject of our lesson today?" Working
bis fingers nervously, ah.l with eyes fair
ly bulging, Johnny blurted, "Moses was
a-a good oyster man and made ointment
for the shins of his people I"
Norcross to Play.
In Wednesday 's Oregonian
there appeared the following ar
ticle in regard to Norcross, OAC's
"Norcross, the famous Michi
gan quarterback and present
coach of the Oregon Agricultural
College, will play with the Seat
tle Athletic Club in the Christ
mas and New Year's games
against Multnomah," says E. C.
Abbott, the x- ;nd i n captain of
the University of Wisconsin team
when seen at the Portland Hotel
last night. The statement of
Mr. Abbott comes as a surprise
t local football enthusiasts, for
it was not known that the crack
quarterback would don the mole
skin while on the Pacific Coast.
SHE ALWAYS CONQUERED.
Susan B. Anthony's Experience Wife
Susan B. Anthony, the eminent
advocate of woman suffrage, was for j
fifteen years a teacher before begin-'
ning ner more public career. !
Brought up in la household of
Friends, she united gentleness and
firmness and was an admirable dis-
Her rule was mild, and she ab
horred the rod. But she learned on
taking the district school at Center
Falls about seventy-five years ago
that her predecessors, all men, had
successively, under active compul
sion, left the 6choolhouse in mid
session by way of the window, and
that she herself although in con
sideration of her peace principles
and her sex she was to be permitted
an exit by the door was already
openly doomed by the young rebels
to forcible . election. That, was too
The Kind You Have Always
in use for over 30 years,
jWj j?- sonal supervision since its infancy.
ZtOfU& Allow no ojio to deceive you in this.
All Counterfeits, Imitations and Jast-as-good" are but
Experiments that trifle with and endanger the health of
Infants and Children Experience against Experiment.
What is CASTORIA
Castoria is a harmless substitute for Castor Oil, Pare
gorie, Drops and Soothing Syrups. It is Pleasant. It
contains neither Opium, Morphine nor other Narcotic
substance. Its age is 'its guarantee. It destroys "Worma
and allays Feverishness. It cures Diarrhoea and Wind -Colic.
It relieves Teething Troubles, cures Constipation
and Flatulency. It assimilates the Food, regulates the
Stomach :uxd Bowels, giving healthy and natural sleep.
The Children's Panacea The Mother's Friend.
GENUINE CASTORIA ALWAYS
The KM You Me llways Bought
-in Use For Over 30 Years.
thc curmua eoamwr. nauwuTtrun, acwveMCiTW. I
muctt lor 'ner' angering yuajceriy
As soon as their hulking ring
leader entered upon a prehminary
ma'am," in sweet and even tones,
summoned him to her desk. He
raiuf, eluu xu a xn&xixier equ&xxjr
pleasant and unruffled she requested
him to remove his jacket. . . '
In sheer astonishment he com
plied, and before he auite knew
what had happened he found him-
sexx. receiving irom a ximDer Dircx -rod
skillfully applied the neatest '
and comrtletest. wniri-niritr of bis life ?
1 r i o
He went back to his seat a chasten-
on flnn irncTTa i ion VAnth with th&
- - Z4- x . v
juiss untnony zor tne resi; oi tne
term received admirably prompt
rll ion ra -f-nrtm ot Tvn-i-vilo
r 4 ii it 11
It was tne only, school rebellion
which she quelled in that way, but
by no means the only one which she
overcame, for she taught in some
very rough and neglected districts
But she met every emergency with
spirit, tact and readiness and al
"One of the -reasons for her suc
cess," 6aid an old school friend,
"was that nobody could ever tell un
til it happened just what Susan
would do or how she would do it.
We only knew there was one thing
she would not do give in. She had
more courage and persistence than
any woman I ever knew." Youth'a
What Joaquin Said.
It is related that when Joaquin
Miller was asked to go to the races
he poetically replied: "Piano! Pi
ano!" As no diagram accompanies
the puzzle, we are forced to put our
own construction on the poet s enig
matical remark. It may be that
Joaquin meant to convey the idea
that it was all Tight to play the
races. On the other hand, he may
have wished to have it inferred that
races were not his forte the lyre
being more in his line of business.
Of course the meaning is there, all
right, only we haven't the optical
afflatus to spot it. In the dagoese
of the Florentine, piano means
soft, and it is barely possible that
Joaquin merely meant to have the
person who extended the invitation
speak softlj-, lest the female mem
bers of his household take' cogni
zance of his proposed whereabouts.
Perhaps we'd better let it go at
that. Cleveland Plain Dealer.
The Scented Court.
namo Tw wriipri Trip fmiTf nf TjfVllis
XV. was known throughout Europe,
on account of the rage for perfumes
which then prevailed in France.
The expenditure of Mmc. de Pom
padour for this one branch of hei
toilet amounted to $100,000 annual
ly. It became the fashion for the
host or hostess of a great entertain
ment to signalize to fheir guests
what particular perfume was to ha
employed for scenting their rooms
on the night for which the invita
tions were issued, and they were ex
pected to use no other, so that the
delicate effect of a unity of odors
might be produced. At court a dif
ferent perfume was presented for
each day of the. week. x .
''tfiCy' Kidney -Lure
Bought, and which has been
nas borne the signature of
lias been made under bis per-