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About Corvallis gazette. (Corvallis, Benton County, Or.) 1900-1909 | View Entire Issue (June 8, 1906)
The Kind Ton Have Always Bought, and which has been. .
in use for ovei 50 years, nas borne the signature of
yf - and has been made under his per
jCJ&Jty'?lAf sonal supervision since its infancy.
Wtz?i5i -CcccULZ Allow no one to deceive you in this.
All Counterfeits, Imitations and Just-as-good " are but
Experiments that trifle -with and endanger the health of
Infants and Children Experience against Experiment
What is CAStORIA
Castoria is a harmless substitute for Castor Oil, Pare
goric, Drops and Soothing Syrups. It is Pleasant. It
contains neither Opium, Morphine nor other Narcotic
- substance. Its age is its guarantee. It destroys Worms
and allays Feverishness. It cures Diarrhoea and "Wind.
Colic. It relieves Teething Troubles, cures Constipation
and Flatulency. It. assimilates the Food, regulates the
Stomach and Bowels, giving healthy and natural sleep
The Children's Panacea The Mother's Friend.
GENUINE CASTORIA ALWAYS
The Kind You Have Always Bought
In Use For Over 30 Years.
THC CENTAUR COMPANY, TT MURRAY STRICT. NEW YORK CITV.
I Lnm.i mm-i
l - - . viTtri imr
'jus To t&m
- If you have 125 loads of manure to spread and yon are eoine to plant 25 acres of corn or wheat,
or have a 25 acre meadow we will tell you how ycu can increase the value of your crop this year
from $4.00 to J 8.00 per acre or more than enough to pay for a spreader. We issue, a 48-page book
entitled "Practical Experience With Barnyard Manures." which explains the whole situation.
Our Plan is not a theory. It i3 an actual fact, backed up by actual experiments extending over
a period of 18 years. To give you an idea of what this book contains, we show results of experi
ments made with various crops where- 5 loads of manure were spread per acre by the old method,
and 5 loads by the new method, on corn ground. The latter shows a gain of $4.80 per acre. On
another field and in another state, it shows a gain of $5.60 per acre, and on a clever and timothy
meadow, a gain of $8.00 per acre.
This Book will be sent free to anyone writing us. It is worth $100.00 to yon, bnt it won't cost
yon a cent. It it doesn't do you any good, it won't do you any barm. Write n now and let us mail
it to you. It is brimming full of valuable information.
Endless Apron lanure Spreader
Spreads all kinds of manure, straw stack bot
toms andcommerctal fertiliser regardless of their,
condition. Sf reads as muck iu a day as is men
can by hand. Spreads the largest load in 2 to 4
minutes. Makes the same amount of manure eo
three times as tux and produce tetter results;
makes all manure fine and immediately avail
able for riant life.
Non-Bunchable Rake forms a hopper, holds
all hard chunks in contact with beater until
Endless Apron is one continuous apron, (not
a 54 apron) thereore always ready to load. You
don't have to drive a certain distance to pull it
back into position after each load or wind it back
by hand ; it it a great advantage in making long
There Is no Gearing about our Endless Apron
to break and cause trouble, it is always up out
of the way of obstructions as it does not extend
below axle. Spreads evenly from start to finish
and cleans out perfectly clean.
Hood and End Gate keeps manure away from
beater while loading : prevents choking of beat
er and throwing out a bunch when starting and
acts as wind shield when spreading. has a
graduating lever andean be regulated while its
motion to spread thick or thin, 3 to as load per
LiKI Draft because the load is nearly equally
Write Just these words on a postal card or in a letter Send me your book Practical Ex
perience with Barnyard Manures' and catalogue No.l775a " They will be mailed to yon free.
Do it now before you haul your manure or prepare for any crop.
Smith Manufacturing Co., 162 Harrison St., Chicago
PLAY BASEBALL BY NIGHT.
In Dawson City Game Is Called at
Eight in the Evening Theater
Begins at Ten P. M.
John Scudder McLain, of Minne
apolis, in his recent book, "Alaska
and the Klondike," says of a fa
mous arctic city: "Dawson has a
pood theater, an athletic club
house for winter sports and ath
letic grounds well prepared for
baseball, cricket and tennis. A
peculiar institution is 'the town
crier, known as 'Uncle John,'
who parades the streets with a
megaphone, an improvement on a
bell, and announces the hour and
place of forthcoming events.
The long summer days simplify
arrangements of this character
materially. The baseball crank
and the office boy are not . com
pelled to devise excuses for the
neglect of their business in" the
middle of the afternoon to witness
a baseball game. The game does
not begin until eight o'clock in the
evening, and the theater, recogniz
ing it as a stiff competitor, does
not ring up its certain until ten
i mi y
i him i ii nmmm
mm PER ACRE.
That's what a Spreader will do if
used as it should be.
balanced on front and rear axles. The team is
as near the load as it can work. Front and rear
axles are the same length and wheels track;
beater shaft runs in ball and socket bearings,
therefore no friction. Beater is 23 inches in di
ameter, seat turns over when loading. Machine
turns in its own length.
Simplicity. There are only two levers on our
machine. One which raises the hood, locks it
and throws the machine in gear at the same time.
It can then be thrown in and out of gear without
lowering the hood. One lever which changes
feed to spread thick or thin, making it so simple
that a boy who can drive a team can handle it.
Strength and Durability is one of the most
Important points to be considered In a manure
spreader. The Great Western has a good, strong,
durable wheel. Extra strong spoke and rim,
heavy steel tires. Strong, well braced box with
hearty oak sill. Oak tongue, hickory doubletrees,
malleable castings, gears and sprockets all keyed
on. Galvanized hood. Every part is made extra
strong, regardless of cot. It is made for the man
who wants the best, made in our sixes, js, SO.
70 and too bushel capacity.
Guarantee Should any part break, wear out or
get out of order withi" one year we replace free
of charge. Send for free catalog, showing latest
improvements. It tells how to apply manure to
secure best results.
o'clock. This means, of course,
that the play is not over until
12:30 or 1 o'clock in the morning,
. but inasmuch as the night is near
ly as light as the day no inconven
ience is suffered on that account.
"Dawson lies north of the 64th
degree of north latitude and expe
riences as wide differences of tem
perature, probably, as are known
in any inhabited portion of the
globe. The thermometer regis
tered 90 degrees above zero a few
days before our arrival and two
days of our stay were uncomforta
bly hot at midday. In the winter
CO or 70 below is not a very rare ex
perience. "And yet the 'sour doughs' (well
seasoned residents)," Mr. McLain
continues, "speak with real enthu
siasm of the winter climate, at is
all right here in winter,' said one,
'except when it moderates some
times and the temperature rises
to 25 or 30 below. - You see it feels
so much like spring that our peo
ple needlessly expose' themselves
and catch cold.'"
' uenaemen ana "leiiow citizens, 1
presume yon all know who I am. I am
humble Abraham Lincoln. I have been
solicited by many friends to become a
candidate for the legislature. My poli
tics are short and sweet, like the old
woman's dance. I am In favor of a
national bank. I am in favor of the
CABINET MADE BY LINCOLN.
internal improvement system . and a
filch nT-riorf it70 tariff TtiAeo ftrft m v
sentiments and political principles. If
elected, I shall be thankful; if not, it
will be all the same."
In these few sentences Mr. Lincoln
adopted the leading principles of the
Whig party, Clay's "American system"
in full. In his view, as we shall see by
another paper from him when again a
candidate in 1834, the internal improve
ment system required the distribution
of the proceeds of the sales of the pub
lic lands among the states. He says
nothing of South Carolina, of nullifica-j
tion, of disunion, and on these subjects
it is quite probable his views were like
Mr. Webster's and his sympathies with
Jackson. The opinions announced in
this speech on all the subjects touched
by the speaker were as emphatically
Whig as they could be made in words,
yet as far as they related to. Internal
Improvements and Indirectly favored
the increase of bank Issues they were
such as most of the nominal Jackson
men In Illinois professed to hold and
such as they united with the Whigs to
enforce then and afterward In the state
legislature. The "whole hog mn"
would have none of them, and therein
lay the distinction.
Although the Democratic party con
tinued to have a numerical majority
for many years in the legislature, the
nominal men and the Whigs coalesced
to control legislation in accordance
with Whig doctrines. Even wtth such
a record made and making by them,
the nominal men persisted in calling
themselves Democrats, while Jackson
was vetoing the Maysville road bill,
grappling with the national bank and
exposing the oppressive character of
the tariff act then in force, which im-
' posed the highest scale of duties since
the first enactment for protection Id
It was their practice to run men like
themselves for the state offices, where
the chances of a plain spoken Whig
were hopeless and, by means of the
nominal character of the candidate,
secure enough Democratic votes, united
with the Whig, to elect him. In the
very next canvass Mr. Lincoln himself
was taken up by such a combination
and triumphantly elected. Such things
were made feasible by the prevalent
mode of making nominations without
the salutary Intervention of regular
party conventions and committees. We
repeat that Mr. Lincoln's position was
midway between the extremes in local
Lincoln's friend, Mr. A. Y. Ellis, whe
was with him during a part of this
campaign, says: "He wore a mixed
jeans coat, claw hammer style, short
in the sleeves and bobtail in fact, it
was so short in the tail he could not sil
on it flax and tow linen pantaloons
and a straw hat I think he wore a
vest, but do not remember how it look
ed. He then wore pot metal boots. I !
tioneering trips to Island Grove, and i
he made a speech which pleased his I
party friends very well indeed, thougli i
some of the Jackson men tried to make j
sport of it. He told several anecdotes !
in his speech and applied them, as I '.
thought, very weUV He also told the
boys several stories which drew them
after him. I remember them, but mod
esty and my veneration for his mem
ory forbid me to relate them."
"Bound to Beat That Man."
Mr. J. R. Herndon, his friend and
landlord, heard him make several
speeches about this time and gives us
the following extract from one which
seems to have made a special impres
sion upon the minds of his auditors:
"Fellow citizens, I have been told
that some of my opponents have said
that It was a disgrace to the county :
of Sangamon to have sueh a looking
man as I am stock up for tha legisla
ture. Now. I tfcoogbt this was a free
country; that Is the reason I address
woo today. Had Xfcai kaum to the 1
contrary, I should not have consented
to run, but I will say one thing, let
the shoe pinch where it may; When I
have been a candidate before you some
five or six times and have been beaten
every time, I will consider it a dis
grace and will be sure never to try ii
again, but I am bound to beat that
man if I am beat myself. Mark that!"
These were not the only speeches he
made in furtherance of his present
claims, but they are all of which we
have any intelligible account. There
was one subject upon which he fell
himself peculiarly competent to speak
the practical application of the "inter
nal Improvement system" to the river
which flowed by the doors of the con
stituency hp addressed. He firmly be
lieved in the right of the legislature of
the state or the congress of the United
States to appropriate the public money
to local improvements for the sole ad
vantage of limited districts, and that
he believed it good policy to exercise
the right his subsequent conduct in the
legislature and an elaborate speech in
congress are sufficient proof. In this
doctrine he had the almost unanimous
support of the people of Illinois.
Mr. Lincoln knew well that the policy
of local Improvement at the general ex
pense was at that moment decidedly the
most popular platform he could mount,
but he felt that this was not enough for
his individual purposes, since it was no
invention of his and belonged to nearly
everybody else as much as to him. He
therefore prudently ingrafted upon it a
hobby of his own the improvement of
the Sangamon river, a plan to straight
en it by means of cuts, to clear out its
obstructions and make it a commercial
highway at the cost of the state.
Prepares Written Address.
That the idea was nearly, if not quite,
impracticable the trip of the Talisman
under Mr. Lincoln's piloting and the
fact that the t river remained unim
proved during all the years of the in
ternal improvement mania would seem
to be pretty clear evidence. But the
theme was agreeable to the popular ear
and had been dear to Lincoln from the
moment he laid his eyes on the San
gamon. It was the great topic of his
speech against Posey and Ewing in
Macon county, when, under the aus
pices of John Hanks, he beat those
professional politicians so completely
that they applauded him themselves.
His experience in navigating the rivei
was not calculated to make him forget
it and it had occupied his thoughts
more or less from that day forward.
Now that It might be turned to good
use where he was personally interested,
he set about preparing a written ad
dress on it and on some other question;
of local Interest upon which he bestow
ed infinite pains.
The grammatical errors in the firs:
draft were corrected by Mr. McNamar.
the pioneer of New Salem as a business
point and the gentleman who was des
tined to be Mr. Lincoln's rival in the
most important love affair of his life.
The following is a portion of the fin
To the People of Sangamon County:
Fellow Citizens Having become a candi
date for the honorable office of one of
your representatives In the next general
assembly of this state, in accordance with
an established custom and the principles
of true Republicanism It becomes my duty
to make known to you, the people, whom
I propose to represent, my sentiments
with regard to local affairs.
Time and experience have verified to a
demonstration the public .utility of In
ternal Improvements. That the poorest
and most thinly populated countries
would be greatly benefited by the opening
of good roads and in the clearing of nav
igable streams within their limits is what
no person will deny. Yet it is foUy to un
dertake works of this kind or any other
kind without first knowing that we are
able to finish them, as half finished work
generally proves to be labor lost. There
cannot justly be any objection to having
railroads and canals any more than to
other good things, provided they cost
nothing. ' The only objection Is to paying
for them, and the objection arises from I
the want of ability to pay.
"With respect to the county of Sanga
mon, some more easy means of communi
cation than it now nossesses for the dut-
pose of facilitating the task of exporting!
the surplus products of its fertile soil and !
importing necessary articles from abroad
are indispensably necessary. 1
From my peculiar circumstances, it la .
probable that for the last twelve months '
I have given as particular attention to !
the stage of the water in the Sangamon
river as any other person In the country.
In the month of March, 1831, in company
with others, I commenced the building of
a fiatboat on the Sangamon and finished
and took her out in the course of the
spring. Since that time I have been con
cerned in the mill at New Salem. These
circumstances are sufficient evidence that
I have not been very inattentive to the
stages of the water. The time at which
we crossed the mill dam being In the last
days of April, the water was lower than
It had been since the breaking of winter
In February or than It was for several
weeks after. The principal difficulties we
encountered In descending the river were
from the drifted timber, which obstruc
tions all know are not difficult to be re
moved, Knowing almost precisely the
height of water at that time, I believe I
am safe In saying- that It. baa as often
been higher as lower since. -
From this view of the subject It ap
pears that my calculations with regard
to the navigation at the Saogampa can
not bat be founded In rvaaoniWL what
ever tnay be Ha natural adva&sces, eer-,
wub. m wax it never can l xaracooaMy
EARLIEST PIOTUEE OF ABRAHAM I1XNCOI4H.
auy impruveu ujr '
What the cost of this work would be I
am unable to say. It is probable, how
ever, that it would not be greater than is
common to streams of the same length.
Finally, I believe the Improvement .of the
Sangamon river to be vastly Important
and highly desirable to the people of the
county, and, if elected, any measure in
the legislature having this for its object,
which may appear judicious, will meet my
approbation and shall receive my support.
Opposed to Usury.
It appears that the practice of drawing
money at exorbitant rates of interest has
already been opened as a field for dis
cussion, so I suppose I may enter upon It
without claiming the honor or risking the
danger which may await its first ex
plorer. It seems as though we are never
to have an end to this baneful and corrod
ing system, acting almost as prejudicial
to the general interests of the community
as a direct tax of several thousand dollars
annually laid on each county for the bene
fit of a few individuals only, unless there
be a law made fixing the limits of usury. A
law for this purpose, I am of opinion,
may be made without materially injuring
any class of people- In cases of extreme
necessity there could always be means
found to cheat the law, while In all other
cases it would have its intended effect. I
would favor the passage of a law on
this subject which might not be very
easily evaded. Let it be such that the
labor and difficulty of evading it could
only be justified in cases of greatest ne
Upon the subject of education, not pre
suming to dictate any plan or system
respecting it, I can only say that I view
it as the most Important subject which
we as a people can be engaged in. That
every man may receive at least a mod
erate education and thereby be enabled to
read the histories of his own and other
countries, by which he may duly appre
ciate the value of our free institutions,
appears to be an object of vital impor
tance, even on this account alsne, to say
nothing of the advantages and satisfac
tion to be derived from all being able to
read the Scriptures and other works, both
of a religious and moral nature, for them
selves. For my part, 1 1 desire to see the time
when education and. by Its means, mo
rality, sobriety, enterprise and Industry
shall become much more general than
at present and should be gratified to have
It In my power to contribute something
to the advancement of any measure which
might have a tendency to accelerate the
But, fellow citizens, ' I shall conclude.
Considering the great degree of modesty
which should always attend youth. It la
probable I have already been more pre
suming' than becomes me. However, upon
the subjects of which I have treated I
have spoken as I have thought. I may
be wrong In regard to any or all of them;
but, holding It a sound maxim that it Is
better only sometimes to be right than at
all times wrong-, so soon as I discover my
opinions to be erroneous 1 shall be ready
to renounce them.
Every man Is said to have his peculiar
ambition. Whether It be. true or not, Z
can say, for one, that I have no other so
great as that of being truly esteemed of
my fellow men, by rendering myself
worthy of their esteem. How far I shall
succeed In gratifying this ambition Is yet
to be developed. I am young and un
known to many of you. I was born and
have ever remained in the most humble
walks of life. I have no wealthy or popu
lar relations or friends to recommend.
My -case is thrown exclusively upon the
Independent voters of the county, and, If
elected, they will have conferred a favor
upon me for which I shall be unremitting
In my labors to compensate. But if the
good people in their wisdom shall see fit
to keep me in the background, I have
been too familiar with disappointments
to be very much chagrined. Your friend
and fellow citizen, A. LINCOLN.
New Salem, March 9, 1832.
Mr. Lincoln was defeated at the elec
tion, having 470 votes less than the can
didate who had the highest number.
But his disappointment was softened
by the action of his immediate neigh
bors, who gave him an almost unani
mous support. With three solitary ex
ceptions he received the whole vote of
his precinct 277 being one more than
the whole number cast for both the
candidates for congress.
(To be 'mi- re i.)
Quarreling is almost an un
known thing in public resorts.
Never does one witness anything
approaching the college student of
Europe on the rampage, or 'Arry
and 'Arriet on a bank 'oliday tear.
The Chinaman takes his pleasure -as
he takes his business, with a
calm, calculating philosophy
wheih constitutes one of his great
est variations from the habit of
mind of the vivacious European.
Another cigar fallacy is that a
cigar in a black wrapper is neces
sarily a strong cigar. The wrap
per weighs but one-tenth of the
whole, and a cigar with a wrapper
almost black may be a mild
smoke, while one -with a pale
wrapper filled with, imperfectly
cured tobacco is often rank and
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ture for stock. Inquire Clyde Beach,
phone Ind. 3, Dixie. 41-49
BALED HAY FOR SLE INQUIRE
P. O. box 844 or Ind. 'phone 429.
CorvaUis, Oregon. . 23 tf.
HOMES FOR SALE.
HOMES NOW COMPLETED, OR
will build them to order in Corvallis.
Or., and sell fame for cash or install
ments. Address First National Bank,
CorvaUis, Or. 34tf
WILL FURNISH LOTS AND BUILD
houses ta order in Newport, Lincoln
Co., Oregon, ami sell same for cash or
installments Address M. S. Wood
cock, Corvallis, Or. 34tf
DR. E. E. JACKSON, Vi S., MORRIS'
blacksmith shop. Residence, 1011
Main et. Give him a call. 12tf
A. OATHEY, M. D., PHYSICIAN
and Surgeon. Rooms 14, Bank Build
ing. Office Hours : 10 to 12 a. m , 2 to
t p. m. Residence: cor. 5th and Ad
ams Sts Telephone at office and res
idence. Corvallis, Oregon.
FOR PAUSTING AND PAPERING SEE
W. E. Paul, Ind. 488. .I4tf
MARBLE AND GRANITE MONU
aieats ; curbing made to order ; clean
ing and reparing done neatly: save
agent's couimtesion. Shop North
Main St.Frank VanhooKen, Prop, 92tr
mi iwniit ig
J. F. YATES, ATTORNEY-AT-LAW.
Office up stafrs in Zierolf Building.
Only set of abstracts in Benton County
S. R. BRYSON ATTORNEY AT LAW.
Office in Post Office Building, Cor val
WAtfTE 0 600 SUBSCRIBERS TO THE"
Gazette and Weekly Oregonian at
. $2.55per year.
THE FIRST NATIONAL BANK OF
Corvallis, Oregon, transacts a general
conservative banking business. Loans
money on approved security. Drafts
bought and cold and money transferred
to the principal cities of the United
States, Europe and foreign countries.
A MIDDLE AGED LADY TO DO
house work on a farm near Corvallip,
Ore., and assist in caring for three
children. She can arrange if she de
sires to assist in caring for chickens
and other duties in farm work com
monly done by ladies.' If the lady
has a husband, son, or other male
relative, who is a good worker in farm
work, he can have work at least part
of the time. In answering send refer
ences. Address: P. O. Box 344,
37tf Corvallis. Oregon.
Postmaster Robbed. ',
G. "V.(Fouts, Postmaster at Ri?r
town, la., nearly lost his life and Was
robbed of all comfort, according to his
letter, which says : "For 20 years I had
chronic liver complaint, whir-h led to
su'ih a severe case of jaunrtice that even
my finger rails turned yellow; when
my doctor peracribed Electric Bitters
which cured me and have kept me well
for eleven years." Sure cure for Billious
nesB, Neuralgia, Weakness and all
Stomach, Liver, Kidney and B1ad(?f
derangemeut. A wonderful Tonic. At
Allen & Woodwanl Drug store 50c.
A Happy Mother
Will see that her baby is properly
cased for to do this a good purgative is
neccessary. Many baoies suller from
worms and their mothers don't know it
if your baby is feverish and doe6n't
sleep at nights, it is troubled with worms.
White's Cream Vermifuge will clean out
these worms in a mild pleasant way.
Once tried always used. Give it a trial.
Price 25 cents. Sold by Graham & .
for dob Work