Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About Corvallis gazette. (Corvallis, Benton County, Or.) 1900-1909 | View Entire Issue (May 15, 1906)
Corvallis, Benton County Oregon, Tuesday. May IS. torn?.
DR. WITHYCOMBFS ADDRESS.
His Views as Expressed at the
" Big Republican Rally.
(Continued from laat issue.)
A question of Vital importance to the
people of Oregon at the present time
is the question of taxation . There is a
widespread feeling, in which I concur,
that the burdens of taxation in this
state have in the past been ineq
uitably distribubed. The support of the
government in all its various branches
has fallen for the most part on owners
of real estate.
I believe that the policy of our laws
should be to increase the revenue of the
state from indirect taxation and the tax
Ation of intangible properties, to the end
that real estate ma ultimately be free
from taxation for state purposes. This
resnlt has been reached in some of the
commonwealths of the Union and the
time wilt come when a similar result
- can be reached In Oregon.
I believe in the taxation of franchises.
A franchise is property in just as .real a
sense as a farm. There are franchises in
the state ot Oregon which are more pro
ductive than any hundred farms. I
know of no reason why a farm should be
taxed and a franchise should escape
taxation I am opposed to the granting of
perpetual franchises and favor a general
law depriving municipalities of the
power to grant franchises for more than
a stated period of years.
There is a widespread belief that fran.
chisesin the past have been secured by
debauching City Councils and paying to
the grafter compensation whish right
fully belongs to the people. I believe
that with every franchise there should
be a condition requiring the owner of the
franchise to pay to the public a pro
portionate part of the earnings
from year to year, by way of com
pensation for the special priyileges
When a franchise haa been unfairly
secured from the people or where it has
been improvidently granted the people
should repossess themselves of such fran
chises by the revocation thereof when
possible or by the exercise of eminent
domain, if necessary.
In this connection I will say that I
believe every perpetual franchise is im
providently granted for the reasons that
the conditions of today are not conditions
of tomorrow. Provisions which protect
the interests of the people of toaay may
be totally inadequate a few years hence.
Public utilities with but few exceptions,
I believe, are best administered by pri
vate interest rather than by public ser
vants, for in the latter case self interest,
the greatest of incentives, is lacking and
thriftiness and unbusinesslike methods
will surely sooner or later prevail.
A. public utility is a public asset and
the interest of the public therein should
be safe guarded by adequate laws. I
believe that the people should reserve
control over all public utility franchises
to the extent necessary to issue the
greats t efficiency of the public service at
the leatt expense, subject only to the
right ot capital to be justly compensated
for its investment. I must not be taken,
however, to have a lack of regard for
vested interests; our ' laws should and
wisely do protect capital in its invest
ment. The vast resources of our state call for
the investment of capital for their de
velopment. It is necessary that our laws
should be conceived in a spirit of fairness
and shoul d hold out to capital the assur
ance that its just and honest claims will
be safeguarded. It is certainly possible
to so frame our laws that they will guard
every interest of the people and at the
same time by their justice and moder
ation lend no sense of insecurity to the
capital which we invite to aid in the up
building of our state.
In all of these matters, how ever, cau
tion and good judgement are necessary.
It is easy by a wildcat system of legisla
tion to alarm the cautious investor. Un
wise and inflammatory laws enacted in
Oregon at the present time would do
much to check the investment of foreign
capital and the starting of new enter
prises which now promises additional
employment to labor and additional
prosperity to the people. A wise system
or taxation is neer conceived in passion
of fathered by prejudice. It :s the first
duty of a government to be just to nX
persons. I heartily concur in the sen
timent of the President that every man
ia entitled to a square deal. If I am the
dealer he shall have it-
There is a demand for legislation for
the supervision of private banks. The
ord inary depositor has not the means of
investigating the solvency of private
banking institutions, and it is wire that
laws should be pas sed providing for a
system of reports from state and private
hanks, akin to the informati on now ex
acted by the Federal Gov eminent from
.National banks. I am opposed to the
creation of needless offices, although it
would seem as if a State Bank Examiner
were a necessity.
The burdens of the taxpayers are
sufficiently heavy now. They should not
be increased without good canse being
shown. I believe that the office of State
Land Agent should be abolished. The
lands of the state of Oregon have been
for the most part disposed of and the
property which the state now owns can
be properly looked after by the clerk
of the State Land Board. One of the
first duties of a public servant is that
of economy in the expeditnre of the
No public official should wink at the
waste of the people's resources. If I
shall be elected Governor it will be my
effort to fight all extravagance and
promote a careful and economical ad
ministration of the laws.
Among other reforms which invite the
attention of the people of Oregon is the
pernicious custom of tacking riders on
general appropriation bills. Our con
stitution should be so amended as to per
mit the veto power to be exercised on
individual items of every appropriation
bill. Every appropriation bill should
stand or fall upon its own merits. Bills
so framed as to prevent the call for a
prompt veto, and this power fearlessly
exercised w ill speedily correct this long
established abuse of legislative power.
The State of Oregon should adopt ra-
ional measures for the protection of our
mmense forest wealth. Great losses
annually occur from fire which can be
greatly obviated by a well regulated
patrol system. These losses run up in
the millions of dollars, and, while the
effect of this loss may not .be felt at
present, our indifference at least de
prives posterity of a rich inheritance. I
favor a broad and generous policy for th9
conservation and development of the
great natural wealth which nature has so
bounteously bestowed upon our state.
Every legitimate means should be em
ployed by the state to facilitate the trans
portation of the products of our various
industrial enterprises. One of the
greatest problems affecting the genera'
prosperity of our people is cheap trans
portation. The natural waterways of the
state should be made available for un
obstructed transportation at the earliest
The tribute exacted from the products
of our farms, mills and factories at the
Oregon City locks should be abolished.
By a persistent and united effort on the
part of our people this barrier to competi
tive transportation can be removed.
This will mean added value to every
pound of hops, every bushel of grain and
every other commercial commodity tribu
tary to this waterway.
The portage railroad at Celilo should
be made as near canal conditions as
practicable. The lowest possible freight
rata only should be exacted. In this
way a great system of transportation can
be built up in the Upper Columbia and
its tributaries, thus stimulating produc
tion and adding to the prosperity of our
people over an immense area of our com
monwealth. NothiBg will add more to the prosper
ity and happiness of our rural population
than will good public highways. It is
unnecessary at this time to enter into
details but suffice it to say that I believe
the state should give substantial assist
ance to the betterment of our public
highways. Instead of our convicts being
brought into competition with the honest
skilled labor of law-abiding, citizens they
should be employed upon the roads.
That prison labor on the construction of
roads is a success has been fully demon"
strated by Multnomah county. With a
well organized co-operative effort on the
part of the state and the various counties
it is confidently believed that within a
few years material progress will have
been made toward a better system of
public highways throughout the state.
I am a friend of the public school
system of the state. A republican form
of government cannot exist except among
an intelligent people, and all of the in
stincts of self-preservation reqiire the
Government to provide a fair measure of
education .for the people. The state
should, therefore, have and properly
support higher institutions of learning.
The pardoning power of the Goernor
should be exercised with extreme cau
tion. AVhen a man has been convicted
of crimA by a jnry of his fellow citizens
and when a court haa sentenced him to a
term in the penitentiary, public justice
and the public safety require that in ah
ordinary cases he should remain there
during the term for which he has been
sentenced. He should not be pardoned
because of political influence which he
can bring to bear on the Governor, nor
because good natured citizens can be in
duced to sign a petition for his release.
Especially is this true of the profess-
eional criminal. The public safety de
mands that this class be confined within
the jails and penitentiaries where they
HE TAKES EXCEPTIONS.
And Says the Feople are Pro
gressive Reply to Miss Brown.
Editor Gazette: One would
naturally suppose from the
reading of the recent article by
Miss Carrie Brown, as published
in the Gazette, that the people of
A Isea were struggling in abject
poverty and ignorance, but
a degree above . the - Abor
iginal, before the daring
genius of Columbus pierced the
night ol ages, and added the
Western Continent to the geog
raphy of this planet.
It surely has been many years
since Carrie Brown explored the
Alsea country, or she was actuat
ed by prejudice in misleading
her readers by misconstruing
facts regarding the Alsea people.
She spoke of the illiteracy off
the people, and referred to a
school board in which the chair
man was a negro.. "To the con
trary there is not, now, and
never was, a negro resident in
Alsea. Miss Brown's story
would suit conditions when the
valley was inhabited by the
Indians and wild beasts, but the
lapse of a third of a century has
wrought many changes. Great,
stretches of forests have been
converted into smiling fields of
golden grain, and the wilderness
reclaimed from the wild beasts.
The school bells, the church bell,
and the blooming fields, the
rumbling machinery, the lowing
herds, presents a different aspect
of civilization than Miss Brown
describes in her write-up.
In regard to the disadvantages
of commuication and transpor
tation, to which, she referred,
there are three telephone lines
centered at Alsea, one from
Waldport, one from Five Rivers,
and one from Corvallis; farmers
lines are extended all through the
valley and there is scarcely a
farmhouse that hasn't a 'phone
When the good roads spirit
seized the minds of the people
in Benton county, the citizens of
Alsea were among the first to
vote a special 5 mill levy, and
build two miles of permanent
road in the center of the valley.
Seeing the fruits of their labor,
they have made another special
levy, and another two miles of
good roads is under construction,
and the people are determined
to continue the good work until
Miss Brown can visit Alsea
in an automobile. Difficulties
and obstacles that beset the foot
steps of the pioneer, Lave been
largely overcome, and the people
cannot prey upo 1 the lives and property
of law-abiding citizens. I make this
statement on the subject of pardons be
cause I believe that in the past pardons
have been granted with too great liber
The Governor of Oregon should be the
servant of the peoDle. The people
should have his ear and it should be his
endeavor to serve the people. If I shall
be chosen Governor it will be my endea
vor to administer the office along these
lines. I shall invite suggestions from the
people on all matters pertaining to the
public welfare and shall endeavor to ad
minister the office with justice to all and
special privileges to none.
In conclusion I commend to the con
sideration of the voters of the state the
other candidates of the republican party
They have ail been nominated by direct
vote of the people. The primary has af
forded an opportunity for a fair expres-
aion of the popular will. The primary
law is on trial in this campaign. If the
caudidates of the majority party are de
feated at the polls the primary law will
be discredited and there will be an agi
tation tor its repeal.
For these reasons, and also because of
my respect for my associates on the He-
publican ticket, I call upon all republi
cans in the state to support them at the
polls. Oregon has been one of the ban
ner Republican states of the tJnion. Let
it prove itself so at the coming election
and let our majority be so large that it
will announce to the world most em
phatically that the people of Oregon have
confidence in that matchless leader of
the Republican party Theodore Boose
are thrifty, energetic and im
prove every opportunity for the
betterment of society, both
morally and educationally.
A Big Event.
The annual field and track
meet between OAC and U. of O.
will be held in Eugene May 18.
This promises to be one of the
fastest meets ever pulled off in
the northwest. Smithson, the
well known Corvallis sprinter,
will have to run the race of his
life to win the 100-yard dash over
Kelly of U. of O., who is show
ing up in fine form. Trainer
Hay ward of Oregon says he would
not be surprised to see the 'hun
dred" run in 9 4-5 seconds. Ore
gon will probably break some
records in the broad jnmp, dis
cuss throw, 200-yard dash, hur
dle and shotput. McKinney put
the shot 45 feet 3 J inches last
Wednesday and is expected to
come close to the coast record
on May 18. Everything promi
ses to make this meet one of the
most attractive meets ever held
in Oregon. There will be a
holiday at the university, the
18th being University Day. A
half holiday will be given at the
high school, and besides this
many of the business houses of
Eugene will close for the occa
sion. The "varsity" band, con
taining 24 pieces, will be out in
full force to add to the merriment
of the afternoon's contest. Al
Will Build a Church.
Rev. F. J. Springer, of Cor
vallis, rector of the Catholic
church in that city, left for home
Friday after a brief visit here.
He recently secured a fine build
ing lot in Newport for a Catholic
church and in the past few weeks
has raised some $500 in Salem,
Albany, Corvallis and Eugene to
ward erecting: a church at that
popular summer resort. Hereto
fore the only churches represent
ed at Newport were the Presby
terian and Episcopal 3 congrega
tion, these two owning nice
church building's and keeping-
pastors in charge of the work.
A number of Catholics reside in
the place and many others spend
a goodly portion there, and it
was thought best to build a
church. This will now be ac
complished and before the sum
mer guests arrive in Newport -in
lar$e numbers it is expected that
the new church will be bni't and
ready for occupancy Albany
This Week's Plays.
Mr. Lee Willard; the young
actor, has done some remarkably
good work in support of Henry
Miller, Nance O' Neil and Fred
erick Warde. He has been con
nected with companies in New
York, Chicago and all of the
large eastern cities.
Mr. Willard has a fine pres
ence and a strong personality. He;
is exceedingly clever and versa
tile, has strong dramatic ability,
and handles his roles with the
finish of an artist.
Miss Marie Dunn, who sup
ports Mr. Willard, is well known
throughout the United States,
having supported Wilson Barren.
The Willard company will pv
a two nights engagement at t c
opera house, commencing . next
Thursday, April 17.
He is The Man.
Vote fr Fred C. Pdl for
sheriff. He is a worthy young
man ot unusual clerical ability,
a strong c mstiluiion and affable
iianner.-". There is 110 reason
why repu l c,iis j'i',ill not sup
port him, n their nominee,
and is a splendid choice as well.
N dem ' vmmH le nuking a
mistake t c thU gentleman
SOME POINTS ABOUT
won't hnrt you, if you intend to buy, and
get the points of me.
"A SCARF PIN POINTS
you get at my jewelry establishment is of
genuine value. Convince yourself by
looking over that lot of new 1906 scarf
pins j ust received. I ha ve them 'fruity, '
and of "simple elegance." Price in each
instance is extremely low.
Albert J. Metzger
Occidental Building, - - - Corvallis
Hollenberg & Cady's Furniture Store
discloses the fact that their stock is
very complete all goods being of
latest style and best manufacture.
Among the things tastily displayed
are Art Squares and Rugs, We
have some very choice patterns in
Ingrain, Shiraz, Brussells and Ax
minister. You will surely miss
something nice if you fail to look
them over. A new and complete
line of Granite and Tinware. We
guarantee prices as low as any
house in the Valley.
HOLLENBERG 8 CADY.
. . . A Specialty ...
We are making a specialty in the form of the latest and most
up-to-date eye glass mounting, ever offered to the public.
This eye glass mounting is "The Heard" guaranteed to stay on
where others absolutely fail.
If you care to investigate call at my store any time.
E. V. S. PRATT, Jeweler and Optician.! -
SEEING IS BELIEVING
Then come in and see my line of Sporting Goods and be con
vinced that it is the best and most complete line ever brought
to your city, consisting of Guns and Ammunition, Fishing Tackle,
Base-ball Goods, Bicycles and Sundries, Pocket Knives, Razors,
Sewing Machine Supplies, etc Gasoline and Dry Cells for sale.
Agent for the Olds Gasoline Engines and Automobiles.-!
Guns and Bbycles For Rent. First-class Repair Shop.
M. M. LONG,
Ind. Phone 126 Rssidsnes 324
CORVALLIS, - OREGON.
O. G. H lest and.
GORWALBJS STEAM LAUNDRY.
Patronize Homo industry
Oatsda Order Solicited.
All Work Guaranteed.
Things are on the move ia the bnild
: ' : line down nt Wells station. Willard
s ' ithorn ha3 jnt Ip the contract to
'tractor Snell, of Albany, tor a floe
-" lence and a!eo a large barn to be
- " ted immediately on his ranch near
W--la. H.T. Ridders has the founda
tir 1 laid for a new reai-lence on his
pSaea west of Wella which will make a
very attractive home.
Fine early D nt eeed corn at Zie
roTs. , 35tf
And Dandruff Eradfcator
Trade lait Btgistsnd.
Price, - -Fifty Cents
The Vegetable Compound Company
Corvallis, Oregon it
If Yott Doti't
Succeed th first time use Herbine
and you will get iDStant relief. The
greateet liver regnla'or. A positive
cure for Consumption, Dyspepsia, Malaria,
Chills and ail liver complaints. Mr.
C . of Emory, Texas, writes '.'My
"My wife has been using HerbiDe for
herself and children lor five years.
It is a sure cure for Consumption and
Malaria fever which is substantiated by
what it has done for my .family."
Sold by Graham & Wortham.