Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About Corvallis gazette. (Corvallis, Benton County, Or.) 1900-1909 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 30, 1906)
The People are Poor Farmers and
Japan has yet to learn agri
cultme, says Dr. David Star
Jordon in the Pacific Monthly of
January. The tourist in Japan
gees from Tokyo to Kvoto, then
to Kobe or Nagasaki. He knows
the Japan ot the swarming vil
lages, the dainty rice fields, the
green tea gardens, the pictur
espue attitudinizing, the hand
painted landscape. He sees, or
thinks he sees, that Japan is
crowded, vastly - overcrowded,
everv toot of land worked to the
utmost, no room for expansion or
extension of anv form of agri
cuitare. But this is an optical
illusion. In fact, barely half of
the arable land of Japan is cul
tivated; 13 per cent of the whole
territory. Great tracts in the
north fit for wheat, rye, oats,
barley, potatoes, hay, are almost
wholly unused covered with
swamp grasses, logs and wo ids.
Japan has no roods, no horses,
no cows, no sheep, no goats, no
hogs, no butter, no cheese, no
orchards, no vineyards, no fruit,
no cabbages, turnips, carrots
scarcely anything to show in
agriculture save rice, tea, lac
quer, taro and silk. Nothing iri1
domestic animals save a few bodi
less chicken, half-starved dogs,
and soul-weary vegetarian cats.
Everything in agriculture is in
the style of two thousand years
ago. It is wholly unspecialized.
Nothing is worked to the fullest
modern economic advantage. Of
course these matters are chang
ing from day to day, and a
sweeping statement is no longer
true. There is now and then a
horse, a cow, an apple tree, a
field of varied grains. The agri
cultural stations of the govern
ment are doing their best to
accustom Japan to the successful
methods of othercountries. But
the population of Japan could be
doubled, without crowding, if
every resource were developed.
Japan must spend far more for
education. Rapid as her pro
gress has been, it needs exten
tion'in the direction of individ
ualism and democracy. She
must educate men as men not
as part of a group or a caste.
Real democracy must replace
what is still left of feudal com
munism. Japan must break
down caste absolutely aud for
ever if she learns to make the
best of whatever of varied talent
mav arise among her people.
The strong men born in the
nobility alone can never maki a
great nation. They may make
an efficient bureaucracy, nothing
better. It takes all the force
there is for a nation to do her
part among other strong nations.
As things are in Japan, the trade
or profession is greater than the
man. He is known by his
cloths and his " badges. The
student is all student, he can do
nothing but study; the warrior is
all warrior, he knows nothing
but fighting; the jinrikisha man
is all legs; the iarmer.is all
farmer. His clothing was fash
ioned for him two thousand years
before he was born, and he can
never change it. He is chained
to his caste and can not get out
of it whatever his fitness for
other or higher things. Foe all
these reasons, personal ambition
has little play in Japan, and
there is less power of adaptibility
to new condition than there
should be, however great this
power may seem, as compared
with that shown in India or
T. W. Dilley, for many years
a business man of this city, but
who is now in California, writes
the Gazette from Oroville under
date of January 23, as follows:
I have been out for a walk.
Everything is O. K. . , Town
has 3,000 inhabitants. Oranges,
gold dredgers, gamblers and fancy
women everywhere. The place
was incorporated three weeks
ago. The streets are muddy, al
though the wagon roads are good.
The place where I room is with
a good family and they have half
a block of oranges. I can eat
all I want; free. - You can see
piles of oranges, lemons, apricots
and figs in the streets and throw
ed out in the alleys. There are
persimmons, peaches, pears and
prunes here, but no apples.
Bananas do not do well as there
is too much frost. It is my be
lief that we can raise oranges in
Corvallis by covering them when
it freezes. . I am going to send a
few seed home soon.
I was offered a job selling
stereopticons at 40 cents on the
dollar, but I am not looking for
such a situation.
I went out and witnessed a
steam shovel operated. It is a
wonder. This shovel is making
a cut for the new railroad which
goes through the mountains from
Ogden, Utah, to Marysville and
San Francisco, Calif.
A dredger is about the size of
a church, with an endless chain
belt of buckets larger than a
road scraper, all fastened together
which goes down In the gravel
and brings up dirt and rocks and
then empties it into sluice boxes
with waterand quicksilver in1 the
riffles to catch th"1 gold.. A dred
ger costs from $100,000 to $150,
000'. The reason this city incorpor
ated was because the dredger
company was buying up all the
orchards and working them and
by incorporating they could Stop
such things as that. This coun
try is being torn up-side down,"
leaving the large gravel on top
and turning a paradise into a
When you digest this dose
place it in the waste basket.
John Withycorn.be Wins.
Friday evening the local ora
torical contest was held in the
Armory at the college to de
termine who should have the
honor of representing OAC at
the inter-collegiate oratorical con
test to be held in Albany in
March. As is usual on these oc
casions, there was in evidence a
large crowd . of professors, stu
dents, and citizens from almost
The speakers appeared in the
following order: Stella Parsons,
Elmer P. Rawsou, Alice E. Ed
wards, Miles B. Belden, Mary C.
Danneman, John Withycombe
and M. V. Weatherford,
John Withycombe won first
prize, a gold medal and $15 in
cash. His subject was, "The
Voice of 1776." To him will
fall the glory of upholding the
honor of OAC in Albany in
The second prize, a gold medal
and $5 in cash, was won by
Mark Weatherford. His subject
was, "A Mighty Nation." Miss
Stella Parsons won third prize,
a silver medal and $25 in cash,
her subject being "An Idel Citi
zen." All contestants for places
made efforts creditable to them
selves and their institution.
The judges of composition
were: Prof. C. C. Poling, of
Dallas, Judge H. H. Hewitt, of
Albany, and Justice of the Su
preme;Court Thomas G. Hailey,
The judges of oratory, were:
Miss Gertrude M. Johnson, ot
Philomath, Pres. A. F. Camp
bell, of Eugene, and Attorney
L- L. .Swan, of Albany.
Verdict of Jury.
Mention was made in our last
issue of the accidental death of
John Goldson, of Eane county,
and a cousin of Henry Wortham
and a nephew of James E. Lewis,
of this city, Since then the
coroner of that county has held
an inquest and some further in
formation was brought to light as
set forth Jby the Eugene Register,
The coroner's jury impanelled
by Justice Harpole to inquire in
to the death of . John Goldson
which occurred Sunday, last
evening rendered , a verdict that
death was due to the accidental
discharge of his gun.
For several days all sorts of
wild stories came in from the
neighborhood of Smithfield, but
it seems pretty well established,
and the coroner's verdict con
firms it, that John Goldson was
shot by the bullet from his own
gun after he had wounded the
cougar. The marks on the gun
are near the. forearm, and look
like the teeth marks of a cougar,
and some of the wood of the
stock is crushed. v
The story of the accident that
seems to be best established is in
deed a remarkable one. Goldson
went into the canyon after tell
ing his companions not to follow.
After he had fired two shots he
shouted and the others started to
run toward him. He shouted
severel times, but ceased before
the hunters reached him. When
the cougar was shot in the tree it
fell on the side of the log toward
the hunters, and 15 feef from
where the body of Goldson lay.
The explanation that is now
made is that the wounded cougar
struck Goldson to the ground,
stunning him. The animal
then siezed the gun and in shak
ing it in the brush surrounding
the spor, caused its discharge, as
the trigger was set light for tar
get shooting, and the bullet by
one chance in a thousand, took
effect in Mr. Goidson's body.
History of Plant.
Not until the year 1888 did
Corvallis grant a franchise for
the establishment of an electric
light plant in this city. E. E.
Hurd, 'then a resident ot this
city, was the man to whom the
franchise was granted. Mr.
Hurd is now in Southern Ore
gon. In 1889 Mr. Hurd brought the
first dynamo to this city and
started the installation of the
plant. After all was in readiness
he found that he did not have
power enough to light the city
properly. About this time J.
M. Porter purchased a half in
terest in the plant and it was
moved to quarters where the dy
namos are still operated. About
1890 the company incorporated
as th Electric Eight and Power
Company, of Corvallis.
Shortly after the incorporation
Mr. Porter purchased Mr. Hurd's
interest in the plant and for a
period of some fifteen years he
has presided over the electric
light business of this city. The
gentleman who bought Mr. Port
er out. last week is A. Welch,
who recently acquired a fran
chise of this city whereby he can
provide those who may desire it
with electric power. In the
franchise granted him and his
company he ould have furnished
the city light at the expiration of
of Mr. Porter's franchise in 191 3.
As it now stands, Mr. Welch and
his company are already provid
ing Corvallis with her light, al
though Mr. Porter and his old
force are still managing the busi
ness and will be for some time
There seems to have beeu
some little apprehension on the
part of a few of our citizens that
the company now owning our
local light plant was none other
than the financial octopus, the
Standard Oil Co. Should such
have proved the case we should
really have been in a bad fix for
for not only could the Standard
Oil people govern the price of
kerosene, but also control oui
On this score, gentlemen, there
seems to be nothing to fear, as
there is no evidence that the
Standard Oil people have a finger
in the pie. Some little'time ago
when negotiations were started
for the Corvallis plant Mr Welch
gave his personal check for
jSijOOO to Mr. Porter to bind the
bargain. .The eheck was on
Eadd & Bush, bankers of Salem,
Oreg. :. When the final payment
was made Mr. Welch gave Mi.
Porter a draft for $17,000 on
Rhodes, Sinkler & Butcher.
Real Estate Transfers.
Abstract of Benton county fil
ings for the week ending Jan. 27,
E. W. Strong to Eliza Bunker,
80 acres, northwest of Corvallis ;
$1. : T - :
Mabel Page and husband to
J. Farnham, lot in Job's addition;
Ella Tyler and husband to E.
A. Martin, 53 acres, south of
Corvallis about 10 miles; $3,000.
E. M. Howell to C. M. Ged
dings, 280 acres, sec. 15, . t. 11,
7 w.; $2,304.75.
Emil Eiebe and wife to E. E.
Wilson, 2 acres, near OAC;
$1,500. ,: .
Peter Rickard and wife to
Slemmens et. al, q. c. d. to 38
acres, t. 13, 6 w.; $200.
United States to Charles A.
Baldwin, patent to" 160 acres,
Samuel McEain to Philomath
College, .lots 7 and 8, Philomath;
Samuel McEain to Philomath
College, 60 acres of land near J
Philomath; $1000. j
George W. HowWd to Melissa
Howard, 2 lots in Corvallis; $1. -
J. T. Anderson and wife to C.
I. Starr, 4 acres adjoining Cor
Sarah E. Millet to "V. E.
Caves, 160 acres in Kings Val
E. A. Castle to Frank A.
Dunn, gsH acres, near Philo
How to Avoid Pneumonia.
We have never heard of a single in
stance of a cold resulting in pneumonia
or other lung trouble when Foley's
Honey and Tar has been taken. It not
only stops the cough, bnt healf and
strengthens the lungs. Ask for Foley's
Honey and Tar and refuse any substitute
offered. Dr. C. J. Bishop, of Agnew,
Mich., writes: "I have used Foley's
Honey and Tar in three very severe
cases of pneumonia with good results in
every case." Bold by . jraham & Worth
am. Have your job printing done
at the Gazette office.
Foley & Co., of Chicago, originated
Honey and Tar as a throat aud lung
remedy, and on account of the great
merit and popularity of Foley's Honey
and Tar many imitations are offered for
the genuine. Ask for Foley's Honey
and Tar aud refuse any substitute offered
as no other preparation will give the
same satisfaction. It is mildly laxative
It contains no opiates and is safest for.
children and delicate persons. Sold by
Graham & Wortham.
The Philomath Mills will be prepared
to furnish pin's and brackets for tele
graph and telephone works after Jan
uary 25, 1906. Inquire of M. Ek at
mills. - 9t
Take The Gazette for all the
The most liberal reduction ever offered on HALF V
ROLLS and E3MNANTS now on at our store
This is to make room for our lar ;3 spring stock that is soon to arrive. If you need floor cov
ering of any description, now is your opportunity. Come early while you can get choice of
patterns. Remember we have wall-paper at 7 1-2 cents per double roll.
shows that many good watches are
spoiled by tampering. No matter how
little you suppose i3 the matter with
HAVE US REPAIR IT.
A whole lot of damage can be done by
those who are not acquainted with the
delicate mechanism. We know watches
and can repair them as they should be.
Bring 115 yours if it doesn't go just right.
Albert J. Metzger
Occidental Building, - - - Corvallis
We are making a specialty in the form of the latest and most
up-to-date eye glass mounting, ever offered to the public
This eye glass mounting is "The Heard" guaranteed to stay on
where others absolutely fail. . '
If you care to investigate call at my store any time.
E. W. S. PRATT, Jeweler and Optician.
The Weekly Oregonian and the Gazette
Both one year for $2.55 .
The Kind Ton Have Always
in use for over 30 years,
... sonal supervision since its infancy.
& ''CteCZwt Allow no one to deceive you in this.
All Counterfeits, Imitations and Just-as-good" are but
Experiments that trifle with and endanger the health of
Infants and Children Experience against Experiment.
hat is CASTORIA
Castoria is a harmless substitute for Castor Oil, Pare
goric, Drops and Soothing Syrups. It is Pleasant. 16
contains neither Opium, Morphine nor other Narcotic
substance. Its age is its guarantee. It destroys Worms
and allays Feverishness. It cures Diarrhoea andWind
Colic. It relieves Teething Troubles, cures Constipatioa
and Flatulency. It assimilates the Food, regulates the
Stomach and Bowels, giving healthy and natural sleep
The 'Children's Panacea The Mother's Friend.
The Kind You. Have Always Bought
THE CENTAUR COMPANY. TT
H air Invig orator
And Dandruff EradI cator
Trade Kari Ragistsred .
Price, - Fifty Cents;
M aiiufasiured ty
The Vegetable Compeund Company
Cervaliis, Cs-efjcn fltf
Bought, and which has' been,
iias home the signature of
lias been made under his per-
Over 30 Years.
MUHRAT STREET. NEW VORR COT.