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About Corvallis gazette. (Corvallis, Benton County, Or.) 1900-1909 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 3, 1905)
FIGHTING IS BEGUN
Kuropatkin Claims to Have Won
DRIVES BACK JAPANESE FRONT
Amid Bitter Cold Weather Hostilities
Are Resumed with Vigoi Sev
eral Villages Captured
St. Petersburg, Jan. 28. Additional
dispatches were received by the general
staff from Kuropatkin, commanding the
Russian army south of Mukden. They
supplement the earlier advices of
Russian successes on the right of the
Russian army, . and seem to indicate
that the movement now in progress
along the Hun river . is extending in
area and assuming considerable propor
tions. The text of Kuropatkin's mes
sage, which is dated January 27, is as
"In the capture of Chaun Lutotzo
Khailotosa), Tutaike and Cheigutai
(Kheigoutaya), we took about 100 pris
oners. We have also occupied Tchitaitse
on the Hun river after a stubborn fight,
which resulted in a loss of 50 men to
us. Our positions near Sandepu (Sandy
Pass) were attacked today by Japanese
columns moving from the south and
southeast, but they were repulsed. Our
cavalry partook in the maneuvering
against the Japanese left flank, attack
ing the enemy from the rear. Our
troops then continued the attack on
4he Japanese position near Sandepu.
After a desperate fight, which lasted
"until 7 o'clock ' Thursday evening, we
entered Sandepu, which is a large vil
lage and was strongly entrenched."
Military experts here, while not at
taching too much importance to the
reported successful movements of the
Russian right, express the opinion that
a determined effort will be made in the
near future by General Kuropatkin to
deprive the Japanese of several villages
which are serving as winter quarters.
The operations of Wednesday, Thurs
day and Friday are no doubt the begin
nmg ol tne program, but opinion is
divided as to whether it marks the com
mencement oi tne Mancnurian cam
paign of 1905. Many believe that
weather conditions will not permit of
prolonged operations and that the orig
inal plan of waiting for warmer weather
before precipitating decisive engage
ments will be adhered to by both ar
NO CHANCE FOR SHIP SUBSIDY.
Report of the Commission Has Fallen
Flat in Congress
Washington, Jan. 28. It is scarcely
probable that any attempt will be made
at this session of congress to pass the
ship subsidy bill. It will die on March
4, along with hundreds of other less
important measures.' The object of the
bill probably has been accomplished in
showing that this congresss at least is
not m favor of a subsidy measure.
In fact, nothing has fallen so flat as
this production of the merchant marine
commission. The most earnest advo
cates of the bill soon realized after the
report of the commission was present
ed that it was useless to atempt to pass
it. This was not because a filibuster
in the senate would cause its defeat,
but it had been plainly shown that
there was not a majority in either
house or senate for the bill. The re
port of the commission was a great dis
appointment. That it should result in
bringing about a subsidy measure when
subisdies were so unpopular during
the time that they were pushed by
Manna, was a surprise, and straight
way the men who have charge of affairs
in congress set about to defeat it.
Of course- the-- advocates - of the
scheme will trv to make it appear that
the reason why the bill was so unpop
ular at this session of congress was be
cause the leaders did not want to in-
vicrac auuiuuiittwona ai a nine wnen
such is not the
To Demonstrate in New York.
New York, Jan. 28. If the plans of
Russian Socialists in this city are not
interfered with by the police, Madison
Square garden will be the scene to
night of a great demonstration by sym
pathizers with the Russian revolution
ists. It was decided to turn the mas
querade ball of an East Side association
into a meeting. Beveral of the most
eloquent speakers among the Russians
of this city will make addresses. Small
red flags will be distributed to those
in line, and to the music of patriotic
airs a march will begin.
Give Coeur d'Alene an Agent.
Washington, Jan. 28. Senator Hey-
burn has prepared and will offer an
amendment to the Indian appropria
tion bill segregating the Ceour d'Alene
Indians in Idaho from the Colville
agency in Washington. At present
500 Ceour d'Alenes are under the con
trol of the Indian "agent at Colville,
"but their affairs are not satisfactorily
managed. Senator Heyburn proposes
to give tne Uoeur d Alenes a superin
tendent of their own.
, Manila, Jan. 28. The leaders of the
"band of lad rones which recently at
tacked the town of San Francisco - de
Malabon and captured the wife and two
children of ex-Govrenor Trias, now de
mand a ransom for the release of their
FIRE IN OMAHA.
It Eats Up $700,000 Worth of Prop
erty in wholesale Houses.
Omaha, Jan. 30. A fire which de
stroyed property estimated at approxi
mately $700,000 started at 10:30
o'clock last night from what is believed
to have been an overheated stove in the
great commission house of C. H. Mul
len & Co., at Eleventh and Howard
ment, at once turned in a general
alarm, which brought the entire de
partment of the city to the scene, not,
however, until the flames had gotten
quite beyond control.
Five commission houses were located
in the building where the flames start
ed, and all of these were enveloped in a
very short time. In the four stories
above and covering a quarter of a block
was located the stock of a wholesale
dry goods concern, which furnished the
flames with inflammable material and
added to their fury. Before the firemen
were organized the entire building,
covering a quarter of a block, was a
mass of flames. Adjoining buildings
occupied by other concerns of consider
able importance were in the path of
the fire, and were soon ablaze. Across
the alley to the north a five-story build
ing, occupied by a large manufacturing i
and jobbing shoe concern, caught in
the upper stories, and the fire soon
spread to the lower floors and the entire
stock was destoryed.
NEW COMMERCIAL TREATIES
Germany Does Not Give America Ben
efit, bu Wants Reciprocity.
Berlin, Jan. 30. The government
this evening published an abstract of
the new commercial treaties with
Austro-Hungary, Russia, Switzerland,
Belgium, Italy, Roumania and Servia,
which are expected to deeply affect Ger
many's foreign trade for the next ten
years, the term for which the treaties
run. The new tariff, which is not yet
in force, will go into effect on the same
date as the treaties, in 1906.
The treaties affect the United States
adversely only in case they are defined
by Germany as not coming under the
most favored nation clause. The gov
ernment is determined not to raise the
question of the most favored nation
clause until the treaties go into effect,
and the correspondent's inference is
that the German - government is reluct
ant to give the United States the bene
fit of these bargains.
The German government would glad
ly negotiate a reciprocal treaty with the
United States. . Germany has collected
expressions ot American government
officials on the- Cuban-American recip
rocal treaties that make, the govern
ment thinks, a strong argument against
admitting the United States to the ben
efits of the new treaties.
RIVER AND HARBOR SURVEYS
Bill Provides for Work in Northwest
wasnington, Jan. au. xne rivers
and harbors committee has adopted an
additional section to its bill authoriz
ing surveys of proposed improvements,
to determine their merits and estimat
ed cost. Such surveys are always made
before appropriations can be allowed.
Among the surveys authorized are the
Columbia river and tributaries above
Celilo, Columbia between Wenatchee
and Kettle Falls, Astoria harbor, Clats
kanie river, Everett, Olympia and II-
waco harbors, inner Grays harbor
South Bend to Raymond, Swamish
river, Swinomish slough, and Clear
water river, witn a view to opening
it to barge navigation.
Senator Ankeny has prepared and
will offer two amendments to the river
and harbor bill, one appropriating
$50,000 for improving the Columbia
river between the mouth of the Okan
ogan ana settle fans, anotner appro
priating $25,000 for improving Olympia
Can't Get Enough Vessels.
- Washington, Jan. 30. The" navy de
partment is having much trouble in
the transportation of coal to the Asiatic
station on account of the statute which
reanires such shipments tn he marie in
.' im..;,n t.ttma t u;i
Manney, chief of the bureau of equip-
ment, has again recommended that au
thority be given for making such ship
ments in foreign bottoms until the sup
ply of fuel in storage at'Cavite shall be
sufficient to justify the delay caused by
the difficulty in obtaining American
bottoms at reasonable rates.
May Cut Off Supplies.
Pans, Jan. 30. Japanese officials
have remarked to members of the dip
lomatic corps that the Russian strikes
might have an important influence on
the war in interruption of communica
tion over the Siberian railway. It is
said, if the strike spreads, it will in
volve the railroad workers, making the
strikers more effective in cutting off
General Kuropatkin's communications
and supplies than the Chinese bandits
have been. ;- .
Italians Send Funds to Strikers.
Rome, Jan. 30. Manifestations of
sympathy with the strikers in Russia
are going on throughout Italy, and
funds are being collected for them.
The Roman Socialists have decided to
hold a procession, notwithstanding the
prouimuun oi me ponce, ana tne gov-
ernment has taken extraordinary meas-
ura vo maintain oraer. xne garrison
nas Deeu reiniorcea Dy i,zuu men
i o Aia naiiroaa to the Yukon.
ITT t T nn n .
naeuineum, Jan. 3U. Senator Diet-
rich has introduced a bill providing
government aid for the construction of
a railway and telegraph line , from Val
oez te tagie jity, Alaska.
FOR THE NORTHWEST
Liberal Treatment Received in
Rivers and Harbors Bill.
HARD FIGHT FOR CELILO CANAL
Oregon and Washington Improve
ments Have a Grand Total
Washington, Jan. 26. In view of the
unprecedented paring down of river
and harbor appropriations this year,
and in face of the efforts of Republican
leaders in congress to enforce the most
rigid economy, the Columbia river has
been exceptionally well cared for in
the river and harbor bill just com
pleted by the house committee. While
the appropriations are not as large as
asked for, they average up well along
side those made for other sections of the
country ; in fact, Chairman Burton ad
mitted today that he thought the Pa
cific northwest had received more lib
eral treatment than any other part of
the country. t
The appropriation which is most
gratifying to friends of the Columbia
river is that which insures the build
ing of The Dalles-Celilo canal. Mr.
Burton, backed by almost the entire
committee, stood out against this pro
ject more persistently than against any
other proposition ' brought before him,
and it was only under intense pressure
that he yielded.
It was the hope and intent of the
friends of this project to have it made
a continuing contract. Could this have
been done, the canal would have passed
beyond the jurisdiction of the river
and harbor committee and would have
received an annual appropriation in
the sundry civil bill, in amounts suffi
cient to pay for work as it progressed
until completed. But on this point
Mr. Burton was unyielding. Never
theless the final action of the commit
tee is in the nature of a compromise,
for while an immediate appropriation
of $50,000 is made, the army engineers
are authorized to make contracts for
$250,000, which is equivalent to an ap
propriation of $300,000. The $250,000
not carried by this bill will be incor
porated in the sundry civil bill next
session, in plenty of time, according to
the enginers, to meet payments.
There is strong hope that by the time
this money is expended congress will be
willing to make the Celilo canal a con
tinuing contract, so that it need not
again be considered in the river and
harbor bill. " .
Three other Columbia - river appro
priations are split up like for the Celilo
canal . Three hundred thousand dol
lars is made immediately available for
the mouth of the Columbia, and the
engineers are authorized to make con
tracts for $300,000 additional, this last
sum to be carried in the next sundry
civil bill. Likewise, for improving the
channel from Portland to the sea
$100,000 is appropriated in the river
and harbor bill, and $125,000 addi
tional will be carried in the next sun
dry civil bill. For dredging a 20-foot
channel between Vancouver and the
mouth of the Willamette $30,000 cash
s appropriated, and another $30,000
will be provided next year in the i
dry civil bill.
The following amounts are all wed
Tacoma, harbor, dredging Puyallup
waterwav. $40,000 cash; - $20,000 in
sundry civil bill.
Lakes Union and Washington canal,
$125,000 for dredging at Ballard and
authorization of new survev to deter
mine whether a one-lock canal can be
sudbstituted for the two-lock project
Grays Harbor, $30,000.
Inner Grays Harbor, $300,00.
Cowlitz and Lewis rivers, $10,000
Puget sound and tributaries, $30,000.
Snohomish slough, $5,000.
Okanogan and Pend d'Oreille, $15,
Stretches riffle, $65,000.
Bellingham bay, $35,000.
Everett harbor, new survey.
Condemns the Massacre.
St. Petersburg, Jan. 26. At today's
session of the municipal council a reso
lution was moved strongly protesting
against the firing by troops upon de
fenseless workmen on January 22 and
declaring that the council revolted
against such ruthlessness, which under-
mire the pillars of civil order, and
considered it to be its duty to vote $1,
250 to the victims' families. The pres
ident prohibited discussion of, the reso
lution, but an amendment voting the
money without question was permittd
Strikers Gain Concessions.
Reval, Jan. 26. A crowd of strikers
today marched in procession to the gov
ernor s residence. The governor ad
dressed them in a few words and allayed
their excitement. The strikers then
chose a deputation to present their de
mands to their emplovers. who were
trathereed in the governor's rooms
The demands include eight hours
day's work and an increase of wages
It is reported that the results of the in
terview were satisfactory.
Tnfein .Tan. 2B The .Tananese seized
the Ansti-ian steamer Rnrnii off Hok
"I ' -T
kaido island at ft o'clock last nieht
She had a cartro of 4.000 tons of Cardiff
- roul m hoard anrl was honnrl for Vlad-
WILL DIG CANAL.
Battle for Open River Between Celilo
and The Dalles is Won.
Washington, Jan. 25. The govern
ment will build the Dalles-Celilo canal.
This decision was reached by the
rivers and harbors committee tonight
after several hours spent in final con
sideration of the project. The rivers
and harbors bill, which will probably
be reported to the house tomorrow, will
appropriate $50,000 cash for immediate
use on the canal and will authorize the
expenditure of $200,000 additional,
this money to be carried in the sundry
civil bill, probably at the next session.
Today's action of the committee com
mits the government to the canal pro
ject and- insures the ultimate construc
tion of this waterway by the govern
ment at an aggregate cost of $3,800,000.
The fight to secure adoption of this
project is one of the hardest that the
friends of the of the Columbia river
have ever Jaeen called upon to make.
In some ways it was harder' than that
in behalf of the Lewis and Clark bill last
session, for on that measure the dele
gation had the active support of Presi
dent Roosevelt. This fight was made
without such aid.
Senator Fulton, Representative Wil
liamson and Representative Jones have
been working unitedly and unremitting
ly on behalf of the Celilo canal project
ever since the rivers and harbors com
mittee commenced framing its bill.
Representative Jones, by reason of his
membership of the committte, has been
able to render and has rendered most
IN CZAR'S PLACE.
Reformers Will Create a Provisional
Government' in Russia.
St. Petersburg, Jan. 25. Russian
officials today stand aghast before the
possibility of a provisional government
being established by a number of Lib
erals and moderate Socialists who, it is
stated, are men of wealth and position
The authorities lost no time when this
report became known in arresting M
Annesky, one of the few leaders of this
latest movement whose names are
known to the public, and it is stated
that Maxim Gorky, the novelist, also
identified with the political revolt, has
received warning to withdraw from act
ive participation if he values his lib
erty. Others are also stated to have
been taken into custody; but their
names will not be divulged at present
by the officials.
At this hour it would seem as though
the government had succeeded in im
pressing the strikers with the useless
ness of mob resistance to the guns of
the troops. The general opinion is,
therefore, that clashes will become less
frequent, and that those who consider
violence the only fitting replv to the
government's course will resort to
One incident of this character, at
least,, has already occurred, but the at
tempt was frustrated. The crowds, it
is thought, may now scatter. . Their
places will then, according to the So
cialist leaders, be taken by small
groups of two or three, who will make
their wav to the government buildings
and palaces, and, by placing bombs, in
flict more damage and loss of life than
would be in the power of the full force
STATE OF SIEGE.
Be Proclaimed in Russian Capital
With Trepoff as Governor.
St. Petersburg, Jan. 25. St. Peters
burg will be declared in a state of siege
tomorrow. General Trepoff, until re
cently chief of police of Moscow, has
been apopinted governor general of St,
Petersburg, and has taken up quarters
in the. winter palace. Strangely
enough, the only precedent is the case
of General Trepoff s father during the
reign of Nihilistic terrorism under
Alexander II, and it is also a strange
coincidence that unsuccessful attempts
were made on the lives of both. Gen
eral Trepoff is a man of great energy,
but the measures he adopted at Moscow
for the suppression of the student dem
onstrations in December last provoked
much resentment, and the revolution
ists recently condemned him to death
Anarchists Busy in London.
London, Jan. .25 . A number of anar
chists are known to be here who at
tended an international anarchist meet
ing in London on January 20, The
police siy several minor gatherings
have been held in these quarters since
the reception of the news from St
f etersburg and that a big meeting is
called for- January 29? in a . notorious
hall in the East End for the an
nounced purpose of expressing in
dignation at what the circulars
term as the "St. Peterbsurg massa
Hails the Rising with Joy.-
Tokio, Jan. 25. The Japanese are
keenly watching the developments at
St. Petersburg. . The newspapers pub
lish extras with the. accounts of the
riots, which are eagerly read. : The
people were shocked at the d sath roll
A member of a foreign legation said
"The war is over unless the Russian
people are crushed with an iron heel
It has brought about 1 a crisis . . The
Japanese army is now fighting the bat
tle of the Russian people.
Bad for Kuropatkin.
St. retersburg, Jan.. zo. A new
grave danger has arisen in the inter
ruption of dispatch of supplies to the
front as a result of the strike. Unless
some means can be found to secure the
provisions and other munitions of war
which were to be started from St. Pe
tersburg on January 30, General Kuro
patkin's army may find itself in a most
' Exercise fjr Sheep.
Sheep will stand considerable steady
cold, but shiver under wind and are
particularly susceptible to dampness.
The plan of cooping sheep up in c'"'
warm quarters with little or no ven
tilation is not a eood one. See that
their quarters are comfortabe by all
means, have them dry and fairly
warm, but have them well ventilated
without drafts. Then provide a shed.
have it attached to the pens If pos
sible, open on one end except for what
fencing Is necessary to keep them in,
and let them run under this cover
dally. If they are not inclined to take
the exercise make them do it, and see
that they are provided with some clean
roughage to munch while in the shed.
Be careful and not give them so much
that they will spend their time eating
instead of moving about. Water
should be supplied abundantly.
Try and locate the shed so that the
sheep will be protected from the wind
and at the same time get all the sun
shine there is. The plan of winter
PROTECTED BUN FOB SHEEP.
care will make sheep healtny ana
strong. The illustration shows an
Ideal sheep shed and one which can
be readily attached to the barn where
the sheep have, their regular quarters.
Built in the manner indicated, the
sloping front greatly protects the
sheep from the wind and the low por
tion of the shed makes an excellent
place for the feeding racks. Indianap
Raising Pigs for Market.
Those who have experimented have
found that there is much more profit
in raising pigs from the surplus milk
from the dairy than in selling that
milk to factories where different arti
cles are manufactured from by-prod
ucts. For a number of years past
there has been an ever-increasing de
mand for pigs of light weight, those
weighing from 100 to 125 pounds being
preferred, and such pigs can be raised
on the surplus milk product with a lit
tle added grain at very small cost
If one will figure this cost, deduct it
from the price received for the pig and
put this computation against the re
ceipts from the by-product of milk
sold to factories they will readily see
the profit in the pig. If one is located
near large markets there is much more
profit In raising light weight pigs than
heavy hogs; the cost of feeding is not
great, while the price per pound
received Is much more. This question
is well worth looking into particularly
if one has a dairy.
Leveler for Fields.
Some improvement In agricultural
machinery is patented every week
and yet no two inventions are de
signed for similar purposes. An Ohio
man has Invented a new idea in leve
ing machines, an illustration of which
is shown here. A supporting frame is
suspended upon two runners, these
runners being similar to runners in a
snow sled, the whole apparatus being
constructed of either wood or iron.
A leveler, in the shape of a triangle,
ha the apex in a line with the rear
end of the runners,' the open ends- be
ing fastened to the front of the run
ners. A lever, in reach of the driver
LEVELS THE GROUND.
on the seat, controls an attachment
for raising or lowering the rear end
of the leveler to adjust the latter in
its relation ' to the" surface of the
ground. A cross bar connects the two
runners in front In use the dirt Is
leveled to the center of the machine,
insuring an equal distribution over
the field being leveled. Jacob W. Laf-
ferty, near Mechaciceburg, is the pat
" When to Market Hogs.
A" well established fact in connec
tion with feeding hogs and that ap-
plies with equal fprce to cattle and
sheep is that a young animal makes
better use of Its food than does a
mature one. 'In other words, the soon
er a hog Is made ready for market
up to six or eight months of age the
cheaper the pork can be produced. This
has been demonstrated time and again.
and still many people will persist in
continuing to feed long after the
most profitable feeding period has
passed. Oregon Experiment Station.
New Type of Horse.
It is gratifying to know that at last
some experiment stations are begin
ning to be conscious of the fact that
they ought to do something toward de-
eloping strictly American types of
liorsi s other than racers. The Colorado
station has inaugurated the work of
developing a carriage horse that will
come nearer filling the requirements
of that class of horses in this country
than any now known. The trotter is
to be the starting point, and by care
ful and intelligent selection and mat
ing 8 somewhat heavier and more sym
metrical horse is expected to evolve
and at the -same time retain the stay
ing qualities of the trotter and as
much of his speed as Is desirable in a
good, utility carriage horse. This is a
work of years, of course, but is cer
tain of final success if the work Is well
done. Past success in creating new
types of cattle; hogs and sheep shows
what may be done with horses.
While the ordinary methods of milk
adulterations are easily detected by
expert examiners, It is reported that
a French chemist. Dr. Quesneville, has
made some experiments that point to
the probability that for some time
there has been practiced a form of
deception In milk adulteration which
has escaped the attention of health
officers. In a paragraph In the Bir
mingham Daily Mail it is explained
that the deficiency of fats, whether
due to' the poverty of the milk or the
extraction of fats, has been covered
by the addition of foreign greasy mat
ter. Dr. Quesneville found that "ben
zine would dissolve foreign fats with
out affecting the natural fats in milk,"
and thus by examining samples which
have passed the ordinary test he dis
covered such substances as pork drip
ping and cocoanut butter.
Tce-Honse and Dairy Combined"
My ice house is built above ground
with a good cement floor, which slopes
to the center with a fall of 6 inches.
The waste water Is
conducted by a lead
pipe, c, to the dairy
room, where in tank,
a, are placed the
cans of milk. I use
deep cans, holding
about 4 gallons each.
The dairy room is
8x16 feet and the trough, a, -2 feet
wide, 16 feet long and 16 inches deep.
This as well as the floor is made of
concrete. The waste water is led out
side through pipe, b. The ice house
Is 16x20 feet in size, with 14 foot
studs. It will hold about 100 tons
of ice, which gives about 30 tons for
family use and the balance to supply
the dairy through the season. There
is always cool, waste water to keep
the temperature in the tank from 45
to 50 degrees and it Is never neces
sary to put In ice. Franklin Rogers,
in Farm and Home.
In keeping hens for layers discard
all over two years old.
Excessive fatness leads to a sus
pension of egg production.
Breeding stock should be fed so aa
to keep in robust health.
The smaller the air bubble in the
large, end the fresher the egg.
A fat hen is a poor layer, and her
eggs will usually prove infertile.
Excessive fat in the male or femaie
is antagonistic fo procreation and fec
undity. A fresh egg. has a somewhat rough
shell, while a stale egg is smooth of
Bone is an absolute necessity .in
some form to fowls confined in small
Bones are valuable for poultry,
chiefly for the phosphate of lime they
Roosts should always be on the same
level, as the birds will crowd to the
Eggs Immersed in water a day or
two before the chickens are due will
be greater benefited.
There is no half-way house in keep
ing "fancy poultry," and one must
have the best or none. '
To have good layers, breed from
good laying - stock and cultivate this
quality as fully as possible.,
In feeding grain to young fowls it
Is important to give as good a variety
The shells of eggs are porous, and '
pungent filth may penetrate and spoil
When fowls have the advantage ot
good range there is little necessity for
There is not much risk in raising
poultry; It is not subject to extremes,
and there Is little danger of overpro
duction. - J
"I . . v.